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Scavenger Hunt – Complete this scavenger hunt using a variety of internet sites.

Scavenger Hunt – Complete this scavenger hunt using a variety of internet sites.

1. What computer fore-runner was invented in the 5th century BC? Who invented it?
a. Answer: Ashtadhyayi
b. URL: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_computing
2. What are Napier's Bones?
a. Answer: Napier Bones are numbered rods used for multiplication from the numbers 2 -9.
b. URL: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Napier%27s_bones
3. Who was William Schickard?
a. Answer: One of the first calculating machines was made by William Schickard a German astronomer and
mathematician.
b. URL: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wilhelm_Schickard
4. What was Blaise Pascal's most important contribution to the future of computers and when was it
introduced?
a. Answer: Pascal made an adding machine.
b. URL: https://study.com/academy/lesson/blaise-pascal-contributions-inventions-facts.html
5. What honor did Pascal later receive because of his contribution?
a. Answer: A programming language was named after him.
b. URL: https://www.thocp.net/biographies/pascal_blaise.html
6. When was ENIAC built?
a. Answer: February 15, 1946
b. URL: https://whatis.techtarget.com/definition/ENIAC
7. Who created the calculator?
a. Answer: William Schickard invented the first calculator.
b. URL: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wilhelm_Schickard
8. When was the typewriter invented?
a. Answer: 1868
b. URL: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Typewriter
9. What was Babbage's Analytical Engine capable of carrying out.
a. Answer: The 4 primary operations, comparisons, and square roots.
b. URL: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Analytical_Engine
10. What could the Thomas Machine do?
a. Answer: it could perform addition, subtraction and multiplication
b. URL: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thomas_Leavitt_(inventor)
11. What did Leibniz build? What was it able to do?
a. Answer: He built a calculating machine called the Stepped Reckoner. It did multiplication.
b. URL: http://www.gwleibniz.com/calculator/calculator.html
12. Who was the daughter of Lord Byron, mentored by Babbage, called by some the first programmer.
a. Answer: Lovelace
b. URL: https://www.biography.com/people/ada-lovelace-20825323
13. Who had a job to speed up the 1890 census and devised a punched-card machine.
a. Answer: Herman Hollerith
b. URL: http://www.columbia.edu/cu/computinghistory/hollerith.html
14. In 1924 Thomas J. Watson changed the name of the company founded by Herman Hollerith to this name.
a. Answer: IBM
b. URL: http://www.columbia.edu/cu/computinghistory/hollerith.html
15. A 1973 Federal Court ruling officially credited Dr. John V. Atanasoff with this invention.
a. Answer: Electronic Digital Computer
b. URL: http://jva.cs.iastate.edu/courtcase.php
16. This inventor, painter, and sculptor sketched ideas for a mechanical adding machine.
a. Answer: Leonardo Da Vinci
b. URL: https://history-computer.com/MechanicalCalculators/Pioneers/Leonardo.html
17. Who created a punched-card system to direct movements of needles, thread, and fabric.
a. Answer: Joseph Marie
b. URL: http://www.computinghistory.org.uk/det/19901/Joseph-Marie-Jacquard/
18. Howard Aiken completed this electromechanical computer.
a. Answer: IBM’s Harvard Mark I
b. URL: http://sites.harvard.edu/~chsi/markone/about.html
19. Dr. John W. ? and Presper ? created the first fully operational electronic computer called ? (3 answers!)
a. Answers: Mauchly’s Eniac
b. URL: https://www.britannica.com/biography/John-Mauchly
20. Apple introduced their personal computer in what year?
a. Answer: 1976
b. URL: https://www.thoughtco.com/the-history-of-apple-computers-1991454
21. IBM introduced the IBM Personal computer or PC in what year.
a. Answer:
b. URL:
22. This professor of mathematics joined the Navy in 1943. She led a distinguished career which included
developing software for the UNIVAC1. She led the effort to develop the business language that eventually became
COBOL.
a. Answer: Grace Murray Hopper
b. URL: http://www.cs.yale.edu/homes/tap/Files/hopper-story.html
23. Where did the term “bug” meaning a problem with a computer or it’s program, originate?
a. Answer: An error in Mark 2 was traced to a moth trapped in the machine.
b. URL: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Software_bug
24. In each of the 4 generations what was the cause for the increase of speed, power, or memory?
a. Answer: Transistors became smaller.
b. URL: http://mrhames.org/articles/generations.htm
25. Why did the ENIAC and other computers like it give off so much heat? (Be very specific)
a. Answer: Vacuum tubes gave off tremendous heat.
b. URL: http://www.computersciencelab.com/ComputerHistory/HistoryPt4.htm
26. What characteristics made the transistors better than the vacuum tube?
a. Answer: Vacuum tubes had great energy consumption and heat waste.
b. URL: https://www.effectrode.com/knowledge-base/vacuum-tubes-and-transistors-compared/
27. How was space travel made possible through the invention of transistors?
a. Answer: Transistors didn’t give off so much heat.
b. URL: https://www.effectrode.com/knowledge-base/vacuum-tubes-and-transistors-compared/
28. What did the microprocessor allow the computers to do? and What was the microprocessor's original
purpose?
a. Answer: Computers were now more customizable and general purpose.
b. URL: https://www.computerhistory.org/siliconengine/microprocessor-integrates-cpu-function-onto-a-
single-chip/
29. When was the first computer offered to the public and what was its name?
a. Answer: 1975 Altair 8800
b. URL: https://www.computerhope.com/issues/ch000984.htm
30. What were Robert Noyce and Jack Kilby known for?
a. Answer: The invention of the integrated circuit.
b. URL: http://history-computer.com/ModernComputer/Basis/IC.html
31. Who was the founder of Intel?
a. Answer: Gordon Moore and Robert Noyce
b. URL: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Intel
32. What are monolithic integrated circuits?
a. Answer: A monolithic integrated circuit is a set of electronic circuits on one small flat piece (or "chip") of
semiconductor material, normally silicon.
b. URL: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Integrated_circuit
33. How do you think society will be different if scientists are able to create a chip that will perform a trillion
operations in a single second?
a. Answer: Computers would be monumentally faster and more complicated simulations and calculations can
be done.
b. URL: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Integrated_circuit
34. Why do so many people not know how the modern computer began?
a. Answer: This is not relevant information for normal people living their everyday life.
b. URL: https://www.crucial.com.au/blog/2016/05/05/the-history-of-the-modern-computer/
35. Why do you think the computer has changed more rapidly than the car?
a. Answer: Cars cannot be improved as much as computers can. Computer transistors can keep getting smaller
while cars don’t have much area to improve.
b. URL: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Integrated_circuit
36. Name 3 ways people dealt with numbers and data in ancient times.
a. Answer: Hand calculation, Abacus, Books
b. URL: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_mathematics
37. What did Charles Babbage invent?
a. Answer: Digital Programmable Computers
b. URL: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Charles_Babbage
38. What were the dimensions of the Mark I versus the ENIAC?
a. Answer: ENIAC (8 ft × 3 ft × 98 ft) was much bigger than Mark Liao (51ft x 8ft x 2ft).
b. URL: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Harvard_Mark_I#Design_and_construction
39. Pascal made what contribution to the invention of computers?
a. Answer: He also invented an early digital calculator and a roulette machine.
b. URL: https://study.com/academy/lesson/blaise-pascal-contributions-inventions-facts.html
40. Who came up with the idea of using "binary code" to store programs for computers?
a. Answer: Gottfried Leibniz
b. URL: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Binary_code
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