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KCGG 122, 142 KCEG 112, 142, 152, 242 Overcurrent and Directional Overcurrent Relays Service Manual
KCGG 122, 142 KCEG 112, 142, 152, 242 Overcurrent and Directional Overcurrent Relays Service Manual
KCGG 122, 142 KCEG 112, 142, 152, 242 Overcurrent and Directional Overcurrent Relays Service Manual

KCGG 122, 142 KCEG 112, 142, 152, 242 Overcurrent and Directional Overcurrent Relays

Service Manual

R8551A

SERVICE MANUAL

R8551A

KCGG 122, 142 KCEG 112, 142, 152, 242

Contents

SAFETY SECTION

THIS MUST BE READ BEFORE ANY WORK IS CARRIED OUT ON THE RELAY

CHAPTER 1

INTRODUCTION

CHAPTER 2

HANDLING AND INSTALLATION

CHAPTER 3

RELAY DESCRIPTION

CHAPTER 4

APPLICATION OF PROTECTION FUNCTIONS

CHAPTER 5

MEASUREMENT AND RECORDS

CHAPTER 6

SERIAL COMMUNICATIONS

CHAPTER 7

TECHNICAL DATA

CHAPTER 8

COMMISSIONING

APPENDIX 1 RELAY CHARACTERISTIC CURVES

APPENDIX 2 LOGIC DIAGRAMS

APPENDIX 3 CONNECTION DIAGRAMS

APPENDIX 4 COMMISSIONING TEST RECORD

SERVICE MANUAL

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KCGG 122, 142 KCEG 112, 142, 152, 242

Contents

SAFETY SECTION

This Safety Section should be read before commencing any work on the equipment.

Health and safety

The information in the Safety Section of the product documentation is intended to ensure that products are properly installed and handled in order to maintain them in a safe condition. It is assumed that everyone who will be associated with the equipment will be familiar with the contents of the Safety Section.

Explanation of symbols and labels

The meaning of symbols and labels which may be used on the equipment or in the product documentation, is given below.

Caution: refer to product documentation Caution: risk of electric shock Protective/safety *earth terminal Functional

Caution: refer to product documentation

Caution: refer to product documentation Caution: risk of electric shock Protective/safety *earth terminal Functional

Caution: risk of electric shock

to product documentation Caution: risk of electric shock Protective/safety *earth terminal Functional *earth

Protective/safety *earth terminal

Functional *earth terminal, note: this symbol may also be used for a protective/safety earth terminal if that terminal is part of a terminal block or sub-assembly eg. power supply.

*Note:

The term earth used throughout product documentation is the direct equivalent of the North American term ground.

Installing, Commissioning and Servicing

Equipment connections

Personnel undertaking installation, commissioning or servicing work on this equipment should be aware of the correct working procedures to ensure safety. The product documentation should be consulted before installing, commissioning or servicing the equipment.

Terminals exposed during installation, commissioning and maintenance may present a hazardous voltage unless the equipment is electrically isolated.

If there is unlocked access to the rear of the equipment, care should be taken by all personnel to avoid electric shock or energy hazards.

Before energising the equipment it must be earthed using the protective earth terminal, or the appropriate termination of the supply plug in the case of plug connected equipment. Omitting or disconnecting the equipment earth may cause a safety hazard.

The recommended minimum earth wire size is 2.5 mm 2 , unless otherwise stated in the Technical Data section of the product documentation.

SS3/16A/0797

Before energising the equipment, the following should be checked:

Voltage rating and polarity;

CT circuit rating and integrity of connections;

Protective fuse rating;

Integrity of earth connection (where applicable)

Equipment operating conditions

The equipment should be operated within the specified electrical and environmental limits.

Battery replacement

Where internal batteries are fitted they should be replaced with the recommended type and be installed with the correct polarity, to avoid possible damage to the equipment.

Insertion of modules and pcb cards

These must not be inserted into or withdrawn from equipment whilst it is energised, since this may result in damage.

Current transformer circuits whilst it is energised, since this may result in damage. Do not open the secondary circuit

Do not open the secondary circuit of a live CT since the high voltage produced may be lethal to personnel and could damage insulation.

External resistors

Where external resistors are fitted to relays, these may present a risk of electric shock or burns, if touched.to personnel and could damage insulation. External resistors Insulation and dielectric strength testing Insulation

Insulation and dielectric strength testing

Insulation testing may leave capacitors charged up to a hazardous voltage. At the end of each part of the test, the voltage should be gradually reduced to zero, to discharge capacitors, before the test leads are disconnected.if touched. Insulation and dielectric strength testing Insertion and withdrawal of heavy current test plugs When

Insertion and withdrawal of heavy current test plugs

When using a heavy current test plug, CT shorting links must be in place before insertion or removal, to avoid potentially lethal voltages.Insertion and withdrawal of heavy current test plugs Fibre optic communication Where fibre optic communication

Fibre optic communication

Where fibre optic communication devices are fitted, these should not be viewed directly. Optical power meters should be used to determine the operation or signal level of the device.must be in place before insertion or removal, to avoid potentially lethal voltages. Fibre optic communication

SS3/16A/0797

Decommissioning and DisposalDecommissioning: Disposal: The auxiliary supply circuit in the relay may include capacitors across the supply

Decommissioning:

Disposal:

The auxiliary supply circuit in the relay may include capacitors across

the supply or to earth. To avoid electric shock or energy hazards, after completely isolating the supplies to the relay (both poles of any dc

supply),

terminals prior

It is recommended that incineration and disposal to water courses is avoided. The product should be disposed of in a safe manner. Any products containing batteries should have them removed before disposal, taking precautions to avoid short circuits. Particular regulations within the country of operation, may apply to the disposal of lithium batteries.

the capacitors should be safely discharged via the external

to decommissioning.

Technical Specifications

Protective fuse rating

The recommended maximum rating of the external protective fuse for this equipment is 16A, GEC Red Spot type or equivalent, unless otherwise stated in the Technical Data section of the product documentation.

Insulation class:

IEC 1010-1: 1990/A2: 1995 Class I EN 61010-1: 1993/A2: 1995 Class I

This equipment requires a protective (safety) earth connection to ensure user safety.

Installation

IEC 1010-1: 1990/A2:1995

Distribution level, fixed

Category

Category III

installation. Equipment in this

(Overvoltage):

EN 61010-1: 1993/A2: 1995 Category III

category is qualification tested at 5kV peak, 1.2/50µs, 500 , 0.5J, between all supply circuits and earth and also between independent circuits.

Environment:

IEC 1010-1: 1990/A2: 1995 Pollution degree 2 EN 61010-1: 1993/A2: 1995 Pollution degree 2

Compliance is demonstrated by reference to generic safety standards.

Product safety:

73/23/EEC

Compliance with the European

Commission Low Voltage Directive.

Commission Low Voltage Directive.

 

EN 61010-1: 1993/A2: 1995

Compliance isdemonstrated by

EN 60950:

1992/A3: 1995

reference to generic safety standards.

SS3/16A/0797

SS3/16A/0797

Chapter 1

Introduction

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Contents

1.

INTRODUCTION

1

2.

USING THE MANUAL

1

3.

AN INTRODUCTION TO K RELAYS

2

4

MODELS AVAILABLE

3

5.

AVAILABILITY OF MAIN FEATURES

4

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Contents

   

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83888

 

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84888

 

Chapter 2

Handling and Installation

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Chapter 2

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Contents

1.

GENERAL CONSIDERATIONS

1

1.1

Receipt of relays

1

1.2

Electrostatic discharge (ESD)

1

2.

HANDLING OF ELECTRONIC EQUIPMENT

1

3.

RELAY MOUNTING

2

4

UNPACKING

2

5.

STORAGE

3

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Contents

Chapter 3

Relay Description

SERVICE MANUAL

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Chapter 3

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Contents

1.

RELAY DESCRIPTION

1

2.

USER INTERFACE

2

2.1

Frontplate layout

2

2.2

LED indications

3

2.3

Keypad

3

2.4

Liquid crystal display

3

2.5

Flag display format

3

3.

MENU SYSTEM

5

3.1

Default display

5

3.2

Accessing the menu

5

3.3

Menu contents

6

3.4

Menu columns

6

3.5

System data

7

3.6

Fault records

8

3.7

Measurements 1

8

3.8

Measurements 2

8

3.9

Measurements 3

9

3.10

Earth fault 1

9

3.11

Phase fault 1

10

3.12

Earth fault 2

11

3.13

Phase fault 2

11

3.14

Logic

12

3.15

Input masks

13

3.16

Relay masks

14

3.17

Recorder

15

4

CHANGING TEXT AND SETTINGS

16

4.1

Quick guide to menu controls

16

4.2

To enter setting mode

17

4.3

To escape from the setting mode

17

4.4

To accept the new setting

17

4.5

Password protection

17

4.6

Entering passwords

18

4.7

Changing passwords

18

4.8

Restoration of password protection

19

4.9

Entering text

19

4.10

Changing function links

19

4.11

Changing setting values

19

4.12

Setting communication address

19

4.13

Setting input masks

20

4.14

Setting output masks

20

4.15

Resetting values and records

20

4.16

Resetting trip LED indication

20

5.

EXTERNAL CONNECTIONS

21

5.1

Auxiliary supply

21

5.2

Dual powered relays

22

5.3

Logic control inputs

22

5.4

Analogue inputs

23

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Contents

5.6

Output relay minimum dwell time

24

5.7

Setting the relay with a PC or laptop

24

6.

ALARM FLAGS

24

Figure 1

Frontplate layout

2

Figure 2

Flag display format

4

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Chapter 3 Page 1 of 24

SECTION 1.

RELAY DESCRIPTION

The KCGG and KCEG relays use numerical techniques to derive protection and control functions. They can have up to eight multiplexed analogue inputs, sampled eight times per power frequency cycle. The Fourier derived power frequency component returns the rms value of the measured quantity. To ensure optimum performance, frequency tracking is used. The channel that is tracked is chosen on

a priority basis, Va, Vb, Vc, a, b, c. Frequency tracking is not employed on the residual voltage, or current to ensure the maximum harmonic rejection. n the absence of a signal to frequency track, the sampling frequency defaults to the rated frequency of the power system.

Eight output relays can be programmed to respond to any of the protection or control functions and eight logic inputs can be allocated to control functions. The logic inputs are filtered to ensure that induced AC current in the external wiring to these inputs does not cause an incorrect response. Software links further enable the user to customise the product for their own particular applications. They select/ interconnect the various protection and control elements and replace the interconnections that were previously used between the cases of relays that provided discrete protection or control functions.

The relays are powered from either a DC or an AC auxiliary supply which is transformed by a wide ranging DC/DC converter within the relay. This provides the electronic circuits with regulated and galvanically isolated supply rails. The power supply also provides a regulated and isolated field voltage to energise the logic inputs.

The dual powered version of the relay draws its energising supply from the current transformers in the absence of an auxiliary voltage supply. This makes it suitable for application where the auxiliary supply is not reliable or not available. They can be used in shunt trip, capacitor discharge and AC series trip arrangements.

An interface on the front of the relay allows the user to navigate through the menu to access data, change settings and reset flags, etc. As an alternative the relays can be connected to a computer via their serial communication ports and the menu accessed on-line. This provides a more friendly and intuitive method of setting the relay, as it allows a whole column of data to be displayed at one time instead of just a single menu cell. Computer programs are also available that enable setting files to be generated off-line and these files can then be downloaded to the relay via the serial port.

In addition to protection and control functions the relays can display all the values

that it measures and many additional ones that it calculates. They also store useful time stamped data for post fault analysis in fault records, event records and

disturbance records. This data is available via a serial communication port for access locally and/or remotely with a computer. The fault records, event records and disturbance records can be extracted automatically via the serial port and values can be polled periodically to determine trends. Remote control actions can also be made and to this end many K Range relays have been integrated into SCADA systems.

K Range relays provide the user with the flexibility to customise the relay for their particular applications. They provide many additional features that would be expensive to produce on an individual basis and, when the low installation costs are taken into account, it will be seen to provide an economic solution for protection and control.

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Chapter 3 Page 2 of 24

SECTION 2.

USER INTERFACE

The front plate of the relay provides a man machine interface providing the user with a means of entering settings to the relay displaying measured values, fault records and alarms. The series 2 relays have additional graphics to assist the user. The area in which the fault flags are displayed is divided up to denote the area associated with each phase and there is a marked position for the appropriate phase colours to be marked and for labels to be affixed to denote the use of the three overcurrent stages and the three auxiliary timers.

2.1 Frontplate layout

Model number Relay types KCGG14000102125 KCGG140 No P967701 Serial number Liquid crystal Fn_2G 2A *
Model number
Relay types
KCGG14000102125
KCGG140
No
P967701
Serial number
Liquid
crystal
Fn_2G 2A
* V<
display
AUX
2
C *
N
BT
Digit identifiers
Flag identifiers
Entry keys
LED indicators
F
+
- 0
Ratings
I n 1 A V
110/125
V
V n
110
V 50/60
Hz

Figure 1.

The frontplate of the relay carries a liquid crystal display LCD on which data such as settings and measured values can be viewed. The data is accessed through a menu system. The four keys [F]; [+]; [-] and [0] are used to move around the menu, select the data to be accessed and enter settings. Three light emitting diodes (LEDs) indicate alarm, healthy and trip conditions.

A label at the top corner identifies the relay by both its model number and serial number. This information uniquely specifies the product and is required when making any enquiry to the factory about a particular relay. In addition there is a rating label in the bottom corner which gives details of the auxiliary voltage, reference voltage (directional relays only) and current ratings. Two handles, one at the top and one at the bottom of the frontplate, will assist in removing the module from the case.

Frontplate layout

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Chapter 3 Page 3 of 24

2.2 LED indications

The three LEDs provide the following functions:

GREEN LED

Indicates the relay is powered up and running. In most cases it follows the watchdog relay but dual powered relays are the exception because the watchdog does not operate for loss of auxiliary supply. Such a condition would be considered a normal operational condition when the relays are energised from line current transformers alone.

Indicates alarm conditions that have been detected by the relay during its self checking routine. The alarm lamp flashes when the password is entered (password inhibition temporarily overridden).

Indicates a trip that has been issued by the relay. This may be a protection trip or result from a remote trip command; this can be determined by viewing the trip flags.

YELLOW LED

RED LED

2.3 Keypad

The four keys perform the following functions:

[F]

function select/digit select key/next column

[+]

put in setting mode/increment value/accept key/previous column

[-]

put in setting mode/decrement value/reject key/next column

[0]

reset/escape/change default display key

Note: Only the [F] and [0] keys are accessible when the relay cover is in place.

2.4 Liquid crystal display

The liquid crystal display has two lines each of sixteen characters. A back-light is activated when any key on the frontplate is momentarily pressed and will remain lit until ten minutes after the last key press. This enables the display to be read in all conditions of ambient lighting.

The numbers printed on the frontplate just below the display, identify the individual digits that are displayed for some of the settings, ie. function links, relay masks etc. Additional text around the display is used to define the areas in which the various parts of the fault information will be found.

2.5 Flag display format

Now that there are five full fault records the top four left-hand digits no longer

display “Fn”, “Fn-1”,

they now display “Fn” to indicate latched fault flags and “Fnow” to indicate unlatched flags (when cell 0023 is selected from the System Data column).

The next two digits indicate the setting group that was in operation during the fault when “Fn” is displayed eg. “G1” indicates setting group 1 and “G2” indicates setting group 2. When “Fnow” is displayed then the setting group is that which is currently active.

The next most important areas are the four marked by a circle. These circles are over printed with a letter (A, B or C) to indicate the phase, or a symbol to

“Fn-4” to denote the last and previous fault flags. Instead

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Chapter 3 Page 4 of 24

represent an earth fault. Alternatively a coloured disc may be stuck over the circles to indicate the phases by colour eg. red, yellow and blue. There are four characters on the display associated with each of these four areas to flag operation of the start and operation of the three overcurrent stages for that phase.

operation of the three overcurrent stages for that phase. Fn_2G 2A * V< AUX 2 C
Fn_2G 2A * V< AUX 2 C * N BT Flag display format
Fn_2G 2A
* V<
AUX
2
C *
N
BT
Flag display format

Figure 2.

Consider the four digits above the circle marked |©|. If the relay trips during a fault involving phase C then the first digit will be the letter C to indicate the current exceeded the > threshold and that the protection has started. The next three characters are flags for each of the three overcurrent stages (t>, t>>, t>>>) associated with that phase (phase C in this example) and an asterisk (*) will be displayed for the stage or stages that have operated.

Thus:

 

C

would indicate that a current above the > setting had been detected by the phase C element during the fault (START condition).

C*

would indicate the first overcurrent stage (t>) had operated

C_*

would indicate the second stage (t>>) had timed out

C

*

would indicate t>>> had timed out - third overcurrent stage

C*_*

would indicate that both t> and t>>> had timed out

Flag information is similarly provided for the other two phases and for earth faults.

The six digits at the left-hand side of the display on the bottom line identify the auxiliary functions AUX1, AUX2, AUX3 as AUX123. Two printed panels below the

display may be used to indicate the function of each of the three auxiliary

functions and those of the three main overcurrent functions respectively. The appropriate pre-printed labels can be affixed in these two areas.

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Chapter 3 Page 5 of 24

The two characters at the extreme right-hand end of the top line of the display will indicate V< when the undercurrent element has operated. Operation of the breaker failure protection is indicated by the letter ‘B’ and operation of the thermal element by the letter “T” immediately below the V<. For indication of a local/remote trip via relay RLY7 the ‘B’ is replaced by an ‘R’. Where ‘B’ and ‘R’ are both valid, ‘B’ is given priority.

SECTION 3.

MENU SYSTEM

Data within the relays is accessed via a menu table. The table is comprised of cells arranged in rows and columns, like a spreadsheet. A cell may contain text values limits or functions. The first cell in a column, the column heading, contains text identifying the data grouped under it in that column.

3.1 Default display

The selected default display will normally show on the LCD and a momentary press

of the function key [F] will change the display to the heading for the first column,

SYSTEM DATA. Further momentary presses of the [F] key will step down the column, row by row, so that data may be read. If at any time the [F] key is pressed and held for one second the cursor will be moved to the top of the next column and the heading for that column will be displayed. Further momentary presses of the [F] key will then move down the new column, row by row.

A new feature is that pressing the [F] and [0] keys together and holding for one

second can be used to step back up the menu column. A short press of the [0] key will switch on the back light for the LCD without changing the display in any way.

In this way the full menu may be scanned with just the [F] and [0] keys that are

accessible with the relay cover in place, and reset actions can be effected.

Following a protection trip red trip LED will be lit. The display will change automatically from the default display to that of the fault flags for the last fault. Whilst the fault flags are displayed the trip LED can be reset by holding down the [0] for at least one second. The trip LED will be reset and the display will change

to the default display that was last selected. The flag information will not be lost by

this action, it can still be accessed under FAULT RECORDS.

The display will not default to the flag information if the user interface is in use at the time. The default display will return 15 minutes after the last key press, or it can be selected more quickly by moving to any column heading and then pressing the [0] key for 1 second. The selected default display will appear unless there has been a fault when the fault flags will be displayed. It is possible to step through the available default displays by momentary presses of the reset key [0].

3.2 Accessing the menu

The only settings which can be changed with the cover in place are those that can be reset either to zero or some preset value. To change any other settings the cover must be removed from the relay to gain access to the [+] and [-] keys that are used

to increment or decrement a value. When a column heading is displayed the [-]

key will change the display to the next column and the [+] key will change the display to the previous column, giving a faster selection.

When a cell that can be changed is displayed the action of pressing either the [+] or [-] keys will put the relay in setting mode (indicated by a flashing cursor in the display). To escape from the setting mode without making any change the [0] key

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Chapter 3 Page 6 of 24

should be depressed for one second. Section 4 gives instructions for changing the various types of settings.

Password protection is provided for the configuration settings of the relay because an accidental change could seriously affect the ability of the relay to perform its intended functions. Configuration settings include the selection of time curves, function links, CT and VT ratios, opto-input and relay output allocation. Individual protection settings are protected from change when the relay cover is in place.

3.3 Menu contents

Related data and settings are grouped in separate columns of the menu. Each column has a text heading (in capital letters) that identifies the data contained in that column. Each cell may contain text, values, limits and/or a function. The cells are referenced by the column number/row number. For example 0201 is column 02, row 01. When a cell is displayed the four characters at the top left hand corner of the LCD indicate the column number and row number in the menu table.

The full menu is given in the following tables, but not all the items listed will be available in a particular relay. For example, a single pole earth fault relay would not display any phase fault settings and a non-directional relay would not display any settings associated with the directional feature. Those cells that do not provide any useful purpose are not made available in the factory configuration. Certain settings will disappear from the menu when the user de-selects them; the alternative setting group is a typical example. If group 2 settings have not been enabled then the menu columns EARTH FLT 2 and PHASE FLT 2 will be hidden and make them visible, the system data link SD4 must be set to ‘1’. This note is included at this time to explain why some of the items listed below may not appear in the menu for a relay that is being compared with the full list.

3.4 Menu columns

Column

Heading

Description

Number

00

SYSTEM DATA

Settings and data for the system - relay and serial communications

01

FLT RECORDS

Fault records for the last five faults

02

MEASURE 1

Directly measured quantities (V & etc.)

03

MEASURE 2

Calculated quantities (W & VAR etc.)

04

MEASURE 3

Calculated (additional)

05

EARTH FLT 1

Earth fault protection settings - group 1

06

PHASE FLT 1

Phase fault protection settings - group 1

07

EARTH FLT 2

Earth fault protection settings - group 2

08

PHASE FLT 2

Phase fault protection settings - group 2

09

LOGIC

Settings for miscellaneous functions used in the logic

0A

INPUT MASKS

User assigned allocation of logic input

0B

RELAY MASKS

User assigned allocation of output relays

0C RECORDER Settings for the disturbance recorder

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Chapter 3 Page 7 of 24

The menu cells that are read only are marked

[READ].

Cells that can be set are marked

[SET].

Cells that can be reset are marked

[RESET].

Cells that are password protected are marked

[PWP].

3.5 System data

Display

Status

Description

0000

SYSTEM DATA

READ

Column heading

0002

Password

PWP

Password that must be entered before certain settings may be changed

0003

SD Links

PWP

Function links that enable the user to enable (activate) the options required

0

Rem ChgStg

1 = enable remote setting changes

2

Rem CB Ctrl

1 = enable remote control of circuit breaker

3

Rem ChgGrp

1 = enable remote change of setting group

4

En Grp2

1 = enable group 2 settings to be used and displayed

5

Auto Flag

1 = enable flags to be reset automatically on load restoration

6

Auto Rec

1 = enable disturbance recorder to reset on load restoration

7

Log Evts 8

1 = enable logic inputs and output relay status to be stored in event records

8

Alt Rec Rst

1 = enable alternative reset method for disturbance recorder

0004

Description

PWP

Product description - user programmable text

0005

Plant

PWP

Plant reference - user programmable text

0006

Model

READ

Model number that defines the product

0008

Serial No.

READ

Serial number - unique number identifying the particular product

0009

Freq

SET

Default sampling frequency - must be set to power system frequency

000A

Comms Level

READ

Indicates the Courier communication level supported by the product

000B

Rly Address

SET

Communication address (1 to 255)

000C

Plnt Status

READ

Binary word used to indicate the status of circuit breakers and isolators

000D

Ctrl Status

READ

Binary word used to indicate the status of control data

000E

Grp now

READ

Indicates the active setting group

000F

LS Stage

READ

Indicates the last received load shedding command

0010

CB Control

SET

Indicates the status of the circuit breaker control

0011

Software

READ

Software reference for the product

0020

Log Status

READ

Indicates the current status of all the logic inputs

0021

Rly Status

READ

Indicates the current status of the output relay drives

0022

Alarms

READ

Indicates the current state of internal alarms

0

Uncfg

READ

Error in facotry configuration settings

1

Uncalib

READ

Operating in uncalibrated state

2

Setting

READ

Error detected in stored settings

3

No Service

READ

Protection out-of-service and not functioning

4

No Samples

READ

No A/D samples but still in service

5

No Fourier

READ

Fourier is not being performed

6

Test Wdog

SET

Test watchdog by setting this bit to “1”

0023

FnowG1

READ

Indicates the current status of the fault flags (These flags are not latched)

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Chapter 3 Page 8 of 24

3.6 Fault records

Display

 

Status

Description

0100 FLT RECORDS

READ

Column heading

0101 Fault No 1

SET

Number of fault record displayed - may be selected

 

(Fn; Fn -1; Fn -2;

Fn -5)

0102 Fn G1

READ

Flags (latched) indicating the functions that operated during the fault

0103

a

READ

Highest value of current measured in phase A during the fault

0104

b

READ

Highest value of current measured in phase B during the fault

0105

c

READ

Highest value of current measured in phase C during the fault

0106

o

READ

Highest value of residual current measured during the fault

0107 Vab

READ

Value of Vab during the fault

0108 Vbc

READ

Value of Vbc during the fault

0109 Vca

READ

Value of Vca during the fault

010A

Vo

READ

Highest value of residual voltage measured during the fault

010B

CB Trip Time

READ

Circuit breaker trip time

0110

Clear = O

RESET

Press [0] key to clear all fault records when this cell is displayed

3.7 Measurements 1

 

Display

 

Status

Description

0200

MEASURE 1

READ

Column heading

0201

a

READ

Measured current in phase A

0202

b

READ

Measured current in phase B

0203

c

READ

Measured current in phase C

0204

o

READ

Measured residual current

0205

Vab

READ

Measured line voltage Vab

0206

Vbc

READ

Measured line voltage Vbc

0207

Vca

READ

Measured line voltage Vca

0208

Va

READ

Measured phase voltage Va

0209

Vb

READ

Measured phase voltage Vb

020A

Vc

READ

Measured phase voltage Vc

020B

Vo

READ

Measured residual voltage Vo

020C

F

READ

Measured power system frequency F

3.8 Measurements 2

 

Display

 

Status

Description

0300

MEASURE 2

READ

Column heading

0301

3W

READ

Three phase active power

0302

3VA

READ

Three phase apparent power

0303

3VAr

READ

Three phase reactive power

0304

max

READ

Highest of the three phase currents measured - not a peak demand value

0309

Wa

READ

Active power in phase A

030A

Wb

READ

Active power in phase B

030B

Wc

READ

Active power in phase C

030C

PowerFactor

READ

Power factor - three phase

SERVICE MANUAL

 

R8551A

KCGG 122, 142 KCEG 112, 142, 152, 242

Chapter 3 Page 9 of 24

030D

VARa

READ

Reactive power in phase A

030E

VARb

READ

Reactive power in phase B

030F

VARc

READ

Reactive power in phase C

0310

Sum (ops)

PWP

Number of circuit breaker operations

0311

CBdutyA

PWP

Sum of , or 2 broken by phase A of circuit breaker

0312

CBdutyB

PWP

Sum of , or 2 broken by phase B of circuit breaker

0313

CBdutyC

PWP

Sum of , or 2 broken by phase C of circuit breaker

031E

Power mode

PWP

Sets the convention used for signing the direction of measured power flow

3.9 Measurements 3

 

Display

 

Status

Description

0400

MEASURE 3

READ

Column heading

0404

thA

READ

Thermal ammeter reading in phase A

0405

thB

READ

Thermal ammeter reading in phase B

0406

thC

READ

Thermal ammeter reading in phase C

0407

Thermal

PWP

Thermal state (%)

040A

Pk thA

PWP

Peak thermal ammeter reading in phase A - demand value

040B

Pk thB

PWP

Peak thermal ammeter reading in phase B - demand value

040C

Pk thC

PWP

Peak thermal ammeter reading in phase C - demand value

3.10 Earth fault 1

 

Display

Status

Description

0500

EARTH FLT1

READ

Column heading

0501

EF Links

PWP

Software links that are used to select the available optional earth fault functions

1

En o>>

1 = enable earth fault stage 2

2

EN o>>>

1 = enable earth fault stage 3

3

Drn to>

1 = directionalise earth fault stage 1

4

Drn to>>

1 = directionalise earth fault stage 2

5

Drn to>>>

1 = directionalise earth fault stage 3

6

o>>NoPeak

1 = no peak measurement for stage 2 earth faults

0502

CT Ratio

PWP

Overall ratio of the line or neutral CT feeding the earth fault protection elements

0503

VT Ratio

PWP

Overall ratio of the voltage transformer feeding the relay

0504

Curve

PWP

Selected characteristic from the definite time or 10 inverse time options

0505

o>

SET

Current setting for start output and first earth fault stage

0506

to>/TMS

SET

Time multiplier setting that will be used with a selected inverse time curve

0507

to>/DT

SET

Time delay that will be effective when the definite time characteristic is selected

0508

toRESET

SET

Hold time for which the current must remain below o> before the timer resets to zero

0509

o>>

SET

Current setting for second earth fault stage

050A

to>>

SET

Time delay for second earth fault stage

050B

o>>>

SET

Current setting for third earth fault stage

050C

to>>>

SET

Time delay for third earth fault stage

SERVICE MANUAL

 

R8551A

KCGG 122, 142 KCEG 112, 142, 152, 242

Chapter 3 Page 10 of 24

 

050D

Char Angle

SET

Characteristic angle setting for earth fault directional element

050E

o<

SET

Setting for earth fault undercurrent element

050F

Vop>

SET

Setting for minimum polarising voltage below which the directional element is blocked

3.11

Phase fault 1

 

Display

Status

Description

0600

PHASE FLT 1

READ

Column heading

0601

PF Links

PWP

Software links that are used to select the available optional phase fault functions

0

En Therm

1 = enable thermal element

1

En >>

1 = enable stage 2 overcurrent

2

En >>>

1 = enable stage 3 overcurrent

3

Drn t>

1 = directionalise stage 1 overcurrent

4

Drn t>>

1 = directionalise stage 2 overcurrent

5

Drn t>>>

1 = directionalise stage 3 overcurrent

6

>> NoPeak

1 = No peak measurement for stage 2 overcurrent

7

>>> = 2/3

1 = 2 out of 3 phase elements to operate for t>>> to give an output

8

CB blk V<

1 = undervoltage blocked when circuit breaker is open

9

V< any = 1

1 = output for any phase undervoltage;

 

0

= output for all phases undervoltage

 

A

V< P-N = 1

1 = undervoltage responds to phase voltage;

 

0

= undervoltage responds to line voltage

 

B

SynPol = 3.2

1 = synchronous polarising extended to 3.2s;

 

0

= 0.32s

 

C

Brkn Cond

1 = enables broken conductor logic

D

En F<

1 = enable under frequency element to initiate tAUX1

0602

CT Ratio

PWP

Overall ratio of the line CT feeding the phase fault protection elements

0603

VT Ratio

PWP

Overall ratio of the voltage transformer feeding the relay

0604

Curve

PWP

Selected characteristic from the definite time or 10 inverse time options

0605

>

SET

Current setting for start output and first overcurrent stage

0606

t>/TMS

SET

Time multiplier setting that will be used with a selected inverse time curve

0607

t>/DT

SET

Time delay that will be effective when the definite time characteristic is selected

0608

tRESET

SET

Hold time for which the current must remain below > before the timer resets to zero

0609

>>

SET

Current setting for second overcurrent stage

060A

t>>

SET

Time delay for second overcurrent stage

060B

>>>

SET

Current setting for third overcurrent stage

060C

t>>>

SET

Time delay for third overcurrent stage

060D

Char Angle

SET

Characteristic angle setting for overcurrent directional element

060E

<

SET

Setting for earth fault undercurrent element

060F

V<

SET

Setting for undervoltage element

0610

tV<

SET

Definite time delay for undervoltage feature

SERVICE MANUAL

 

R8551A

KCGG 122, 142 KCEG 112, 142, 152, 242

Chapter 3 Page 11 of 24

0611 F<

SET

Setting for underfrequency

0612 th> Alarm

SET

Thermal alarm level (%)

0613 th> Trip

SET

Thermal current rating (trip level = 100%)

0614 TC

SET

Setting for thermal time constant

3.12 Earth fault 2

 

Display

Status

Description

0700

EARTH FLT 2

READ

Column heading

0701

EF Links

PWP

Software links that are used to select the available optional earth fault functions

1

En o>>

1 = enable earth fault stage 2

2

En o>>>

1 = enable earth fault stage 3

3

Drn to>

1 = directionalise earth fault stage 1

4

Drn to>>

1 = directionalsise earth fault stage 2

5

Drn to>>>

1 = directionalise earth fault stage 3

6

o>> NoPeak

1 = no peak measurement for stage 2 earth faults

0702

CT Ratio

PWP

Overall ratio of the line or neutral CT feeding the earth fault protection elements

0703

VT Ratio

PWP

Overall ratio of the voltage transformer feeding the relay

0704

Curve

PWP

Selected characteristic from the definite time or 10 inverse time options

0705

o>

SET

Current setting for start output and first earth fault

 

stage

0706

to>/TMS

SET

Time multiplier setting that will be used with a selected inverse time curve

0707

to>/DT

SET

Time delay that will be effective when the definite time characteristic is selected

0708

toRESET

SET

Hold time for which the current must remain below o> before the timer resets to zero

0709

o>>

SET

Current setting for second earth fault stage

070A

to>>

SET

Time delay for second earth fault stage

070B

o>>>

SET

Current setting for third earth fault stage

070C

to>>>

SET

Time delay for third earth fault stage

070D

Char Angle

SET

Characteristic angle setting for earth fault directional element

070E

o<

SET

Setting for earth fault undercurrent element

070F

Vop>

SET

Setting for minimum polarising voltage below which the directional element is blocked

3.13 Phase fault 2

 

Display

Status

Description

0800

PHASE FLT 2

READ

Column heading

0801

PF Links

PWP

Software links that are used to select the available optional phase fault functions

0

En Therm

1 = enable thermal element

1

En >>

1 = enable stage 2 overcurrent

2

En >>>

1 = enable stage 3 overcurrent

3

Drn t>

1 = directionalise stage 1 overcurrent

4

Drn t>>

1 = directionalise stage 2 overcurrent

5

Drn t>>>

1 = directionalise stage 3 overcurrent

6

>> NoPeak

1 = No peak measurement for stage 2 overcurrent

SERVICE MANUAL

 

R8551A

KCGG 122, 142 KCEG 112, 142, 152, 242

Chapter 3 Page 12 of 24

 

8

CB blk V<

1 = undervoltage blocked when circuit breaker is open

9

V< any = 1

1 = output for any phase undervoltage;

 

0

= output for all phases undervoltage

 

A

V< P-N = 1

1 = undervoltage responds to phase voltage;

 

0

= undervoltage responds to line voltage

 

B

SynPol = 3.2

1 = synchronous polarising extended to 3.2s;

 

0

= 0.32s

 

C

Brkn Cond

1 = enables broken conductor logic

D

EN F<

1 = enable under frequency element to initiate tAUX1

0802

CT Ratio

PWP

Overall ratio of the line CT feeding the phase fault protection elements

0803

VT Ratio

PWP

Overall ratio of the voltage transformer feeding the relay

0804

Curve

PWP

Selected characteristic from the definite time or 10 inverse time options

0805

>

SET

Current setting for start output and first overcurrent stage

0806

t>/TMS

SET

Time multiplier setting that will be used with a selected inverse time curve

0807

t>/DT

SET

Time delay that will be effective when the definite time characteristic is selected

0808