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Effects of Social Media on the Academic Performance: A case of Don Bosco Higher

Secondary School

A STUDY ON THE EFFECTS OF SOCIAL MEDIA AMONG THE HIGHER


SECONDARY STUDENTS (14 TO 18 YEARS)
A CASE OF DON BOSCO HR. SEC SCHOOL ON THEIR ACADEMIC
PERFORMANCE IN CHURACHANDPUR DISTRICT, MANIPUR

A THESIS

Submitted to
Assam Don Bosco University
In Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for
MASTER OF SOCIAL WORK (MSW)

Submitted by

CHING NUN HOIH


DU2015MSW0032

Department of social work

Assam Don Bosco University,

Tapesia Campus, Kamarkuchi Village

Sonapur, Assam 782402


2017
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Effects of Social Media on the Academic Performance: A case of Don Bosco Higher
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CERTIFICATE

This is to certify that the Thesis titled: “A STUDY ON THE EFFECTS OF


SOCIAL MEDIA AMONG THE HIGHER SECONDARY STUDENTS (14 TO
18 YEARS): A CASE OF DON BOSCO HR. SEC SCHOOL ON THEIR
ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE IN CHURACHANDPUR DISTRICT,
MANIPUR” submitted by Ching Nun Hoih DU2015MSW0032 to the Department of
Social Work, Assam Don Bosco University, Guwahati, during her period of study in
the academic year 2015-2017, is a bonafide record of the research work carried out
under my supervision and guidance.

DR. LUKOSE P JACOB DR. LUKOSE P JACOB

Head of Department Research Guide

Department of Social Work

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ACKNOWLEDGEMENT

To begin with, I would like to express my deepest sense of gratitude to the God
almighty for the abundance blessings with a good health and sound mind and helped
me go through my thesis till the end.

I would also like express my deepest appreciation to my parents for their constant
support and convincingly conveyed a spirit of taking up a challenging task regarding
my profession and without their persistent help; this thesis publication would not have
been possible.

In addition, I would also like to thank the Department of Social work, ADBU for
giving an opportunity to develop my own thesis during the Social Work Course.

I also extend my sincere thank to my research guide Dr. Lukose P Jacob. The research
has been completed successfully because of his knowledgeable guide and for his
constant support. The guidance, corrections, suggestions and advice has triggered me
to go deeper into the research process. His hard working nature, pleasant way of
guiding and constructive criticisms is highly appreciated.

I am also indebted to thank Don Bosco Higher Secondary School, Churachandpur,


Manipur for giving me the permission to do data collection among the students . This
short acknowledgement cannot be completed without thanking the students and the
teachers of Don Bosco Higher Secondary Schools who responses to my primary data
and collaborated with me during the Focus Group Discussion for their openness in
sharing and generosity in giving me their time.

Lastly, I would also like to thank all my classmates who have been an inspiration and
support throughout the journey of my academic life.

Thank you Ching Nun Hoih

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Effects of Social Media on the Academic Performance: A case of Don Bosco Higher
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PREFACE

“A study on the Effects of Social Media among the Higher Secondary Students (14 To
18 Years): A case of Don Bosco Hr. Sec School on their Academic Performance in
Churachandpur District, Manipur” provide the readers with an information of how the
students use social media and how it effects their academic life.

The researcher took up the study because there has been no study conducted so far
among the students in Churachandpur and it was an interesting topic which will study
about the utilization of social media by the students. Today social media has been
commonly used by everyone especially the young people and the institutions too are
getting in to this modern medium of communication rapidly. It has created a new
world of collaborations and communication. And it has also facilitated an easy and
economic way of communication between friends and families across the world. On
the other side, social media has drag the youngsters and students into it and to the
extent that it fritter away their valuable time, energy and money. Many students spent
most of the time in those sites which ultimately does not contribute to their lives as
well as in their academic life. So, this study will help in understanding the social
media users’ perspectives.

The thesis comprises of five chapters. The first chapter gives a brief idea about social
media and the historical background of the study

The second chapter is about the review of various literature, articles and journals by
various authors which help the researcher to have better understanding of the
concepts. It provides the researcher with valuable information about social media, the
advantages and disadvantages, the connection with student’s academic life and so on.

The third chapter is composed of the research methodology adopted by the researcher.
This methodology helped the researcher to have access to information and enable to
identify the required design, approach, techniques, tool and method to be carry out
during the study successfully.

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Effects of Social Media on the Academic Performance: A case of Don Bosco Higher
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The fourth chapter contains the analysis and interpretation of the acquired data. It
includes the charts diagram, the qualitative analysis and focus group discussion.

The fifth chapter addresses the findings of the researcher based on the information
provided by the respondents and also gives some recommendation which might be
helpful for those students who are social media users.

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TABLE OF CONTENTS

PAGE NO
CERTIFICATE I
ACKNOWLEDGMENT II
PREFACE III
TABLE OF CONTENT V-VII
LIST OF FIGURES VIII-IX

CHAPTER 1 : INTRODUCTION AND BACKGROUND


1.1 Introduction 1
1.2 Background 2-5

CHAPTER 2: REVIEW OF LITERATURE


2.1 Meaning of social media 6
2.2 Definitions of social media 7
2.3 History of social media 8-9
2.4 Social media in India 10
2.5 Characteristics aspects of social media 11-14
2.6 Social media and school students 15-16
2.7 Significance of education among students 17
2.8 Impact of social media on education 17-19
2.9 Students addictiveness to social media 19-20
2.10 Usage of social media and students academic performance 20-22
2.11 Gender usage of social media among students 22-23

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CHAPTER 3: RESEARCH METHODOLOGY


3.1 Introduction 24
3.2 Statement of the problem 24
3.3 Operational definitions of study 25
3.4 Rationale of the study 25-26
3.5 Significance of the study 26
3.6 Research Questions 27
3.7 Research Objectives 27
3.8 Hypothesis 28
3.9 Research Design 28-29
3.10 Research Approach 30
3.11 Methods 30
3.12 Tools 31
3.13 Source of data collection 32
3.14 Population of the study 33
3.15 Sample 33
3.16 Ethics of the study 34
3.17 Interpretation of data analysis 34
3.18 Delimitation of the study 35
3.19 Conclusion 35

CHAPTER 4: ANALYSIS AND INTERPRETATION


4.1 Introduction 36
4.2 Demographic Information of the respondents 37-38
4.3 Social media and students academic performance 39-67
4.4 Qualitative analysis of the data 68-71
4.5 Focus Group Discussion 72-84

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CHAPTER 5: FINDINGS AND RECOMMENDATION


5.1 Introduction 85
5.2 Proving the hypothesis 85-87
5.3 Findings of the study 87-91
5.4 Recommendation 91-95
5.5 Suggestions for further studies 95

CONCLUSION 96
REFERENCES 97-99
APPENDIX 1 100-106
APPENDIX 2 107

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LIST OF FIGURES

TITLES PAGE NO

Age of the respondents 37

Sex of the respondents & Stream of the respondents 38

Initial influence on the use of social media 39

Negative effects of social media on studies 40

Social media can improve academic performance 41

Addiction to social media is problematic to academic life 42

Online social media distract study hour 43

Referred to social media for academic purposes 44

Social media as a means for spreading information 45

Students spent more time in social media than studies 46

Hours spent on social media 47

Difference in grades after using social media 48

Lower or higher 49

Making use of educational sites on social media 50

Usages of social media in educational capacity 51

Usages of Social media for discussing educational work with teachers 52

Effects of social media on teaching and learning 53

Importance of social media on educational life 54

Social media as a means to kill the time 55

Spending extra time on social media 56

Ignorance of responsibility due to social media 57

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Satisfaction using social media 58

Reason for finding satisfaction with social media 59

Reason for not finding satisfaction with social media 60

Social media effect on the psychology of the students 61

Psychological disturbances faced by the students 62

Tendency to perform better in absence of social life 63

Offline leads to frustration and anger 64

Social media effects on the spelling and languages of students 65

Difference in the usages of social media based on gender 66

Who uses more male or female? 67

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CHAPTER 1

INTRODUCTION AND BACKGROUND

1.1 Introduction

Social media is the most recent form of media and having many features and

characteristics. It have many facilities on same channel like as communicating

,texting, images sharing , audio and video sharing , fast publishing, linking with all

over world, direct connecting. Social media refers to the means of interaction among

people in which they create, share, exchange and comment among themselves in

different networks. It is also cheapest fast access to the world so it is very important

for all age of peoples. Its use is increasing day by day with high rate in all over the

world. Social media is becoming a hobby of youth to kill the time. It can be access

anywhere, at any time, where an Internet connection is available. This shapes the

dynamics of social interaction online. Social media is a term that is used quite often

these days. It is a new in-thing and one would imagine that everyone knows or

understands what social media is. It is a fact that ninety percent of all online users use

social media in some way or the other. It is also a fact that most of these people will

not be able to name more than a handful of social media platforms besides the ones

that they are using. Social media today consists of thousands of social media

platforms all serving the same but slightly different purpose. Some social media

platforms are more popular than others, but even the smaller ones get used by a

portion of the population because each one caters to a very different type of person.

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With the explosion of social media platforms, people connected in seconds, the world

becomes a village and friendship grow at global level, and information comes to our

pockets at no cost.

Majority of youth is shifting speedily from electronic media like as television viewers

and radio listeners to the social media among all age of group. Youth rate is very

much shifting into social media so its influences are much on youth. This craze of

social media has led to a host of question regarding its impact on society, while it is

agreed that the social media affects people’s living styles and it is an ongoing process

to identify the nature of these influence in every society and country especially on

youth. This study also focused the influences of social media on youth and their life

style, educational and political awareness, physical activities, social life, their learning

and so on.

1.2 Background of the study

1.2.1 Profile of Manipur

Manipur one of the Border States in the northeastern part of the country having an

international boundary of about 352 kms. long stretch of land with Myanmar in the

southeast. It is bounded by Nagaland in the north, Assam in the west and Mizoram in

the south. It has a total area of 22327 sq. kms. Geographically, the State of Manipur

could be divided into two regions, viz. the hill and the valley. The valley lies in the

central part of the State and the hills surround the valley. The average elevation of the

valley is about 790 m above the sea level and that of the hills is between 1500 m and

1800m. The hill region comprises of five districts viz. Senapati, Tamenglong,

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Churachandpur, Chandel and Ukhrul and the valley region consists of four districts,

viz. Imphal East, Imphal West, Thoubal and Bishnupur. The hill districts occupy

about 90 percent (20089 sq km) of the total area of the State and the valley occupies

only about tenth (2238 sq km) of the total area of the State. Imphal is the capital city

of Manipur. The state language is Manipuri.

1.2.2 Profile of Churachandpur

Churachandpur district is one of the districts in the state of Manipur. It is situated in

the south west part of Manipur. The district is bounded by Senapati district in the

north, Bishnupur and Chandel districts in the east, Assam and Mizoram in the west

and Myanmar on the south. The total geographical area of Churachandpur district is

4,570 sq.km. It lies between 23º 55'N and 24º 30'N Latitudes and between 92º 59'E to

93º 50'E longitudes. The topography of the district is hilly. It is home to 2, 23,866

people, as per 2001 census, dominated by 15 ethnic groups like the Chin, Kuki, Mizo,

Naga and Zomi. (District report by Ministry of Minority Affairs, 2012)

1.2.3 Education system in Manipur

A department of education was introduced in Manipur for the first time in Manipur on

20 January, 1950. This department is in charge of the state’s education, which includes

inspection and supervision preparation of syllabus, framing of the educational


University
curriculum and selection of textbooks. The Manipur was set up at Imphal in

1980, under the Act of Manipur Legislative Assembly, and later in 2006 Manipur

University was upgraded to Central University. Council of Higher Secondary

Education, Manipur (COHSEM) was established in the year 1982.

At present, the Education Department of Manipur has been divided into four different

entities:

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1. Department of education (University and Higher education)

2. Department of Education (School)

3. Department of Adult Education

4. State Council of Educational Research and Training, Government of Manipur

Both government and private schools provide elementary and secondary education in

Manipur. The state-run schools and private schools in Manipur are affiliated to the state

education board like Board of Secondary Education (BSEM), Council of Higher

Secondary Education Manipur (COHSEM). However, some of the private schools in

Manipur are also affiliated to the Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) or the

Council for the Indian School Certificate Examinations (CISCE)

Students studying in Manipur School may choose their first language from any of the

following- Manipuri, Bengali, Mizo, Paite, Nepali, Thadou-Kuki, Hmar and Zou. The

CBSE and ICSE schools also use English as their medium of instruction.

1.2.4 Profile of Don Bosco Higher Secondary Schools

Don Bosco Higher Secondary Schools was established in 1957 and it is managed by the

Private Unaided Management (an institution whose management and ownership is with

private or trust while syllabus, curriculum follows academic rule framed by government

which is like that of government school). The motto of Don Bosco Higher Secondary

Schools is “Truth, Love and Service”. It is located in rural area. It is located in

Churachandpur district of Manipur. The school consists of grades from 1 to 12. The

school is co-educational and it has an attached pre-primary section. English is the

medium of instructions in this school. Teachers are well qualified as they have graduate

and above degrees. The school has got hostels for both boys and girls, which can

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accommodate 50 boys and 30 girls. The school is offering Arts and Science stream for

the higher secondary level. The total enrollment of students may be approximately 1000

with a total of 30 teachers. The population of the boys enrolled is higher than those of

the girls. The school also provided facilities like library, playground, auditorium and

computer learning labs. The students in Don Bosco Higher Secondary Schools consist

of a mixture of different sub-tribes from different locality within the area of

Churachandpur. It comprised of the age groups between 14 to 18 years. The students

showed good performance in the academic institution and make the school an

admiration for the others. The institution provided a strict rules and regulation to ensure

good discipline among the students. No mobile phones were allowed inside the campus.

Students are also encouraged to participate in any programme that has been conducted

in district level, state level, or national level with the consent of the school authority.

Don Bosco Higher Secondary Schools since its existence has produced a huge number

of educated students. It was known for its excellency in disciplining the students and for

good learning outcomes among the students. The academic achievement among the

students in different co-curricular activities has added an attraction among the

community.

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CHAPTER 2

REVIEW OF LITERATURE

2.1 Meaning of Social Media

The term ‘social media’ refers to the wide range of internet-based and mobile services

that allow users to participate in online exchanges, contribute user-created content, or

join online communities The kinds of internet services commonly associated with social

media (sometimes referred to as ‘Web 2.0) include the following :

 Blogs: Short for web log, a blog is an online journal in which pages are usually

displayed in reverse chronological order.

 Wikis: A wikis is ‘a collective website where any participant is allowed to

modify any page or create a new page using her Web browser

 Social bookmarking: Social bookmarking sites allow users to organize and

share links to websites

 Social network sites: These have been defined as ‘web-based services that

allow individuals to construct a public or semi-public profile within a bounded

system. Articulate a list of other users with whom they share a connection, and

view and traverse their list of connections and those made by others within the

system

 Status-updates services: Also known as microblogging services, status- update

services such as Twitter allow people to share short updates about people or

events and to see updates created by others

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 Virtual world content: These sites offer game like virtual environments in

which users interact

 Media- sharing sites: These sites allow users to post videos or photographs.

Popular examples include YouTube, Pinterest and Instragram

2.2 Definitions of Social Media

Andres Kaplan (2010) described in his study that social media is a set of internet based

application that constructs on the ideological and technological foundation of wed and

that permit the design and exchange of user generated content

Shrestha lucky (2013) described that social media is means of connections among

people in which they create, share, and exchange information and ideas in virtual

communities and networks.

Alison Doyle an American Psychologist: She defined Social media as, it is various

online technology tools that enable people to communicate easily and people use social

media to share information , text, audio, video, images, podcasts, and other multimedia

communication.

According to Aseman and Edegoh (2012), social networking sites include- Twitter,

yahoo messenger, facebook messenger, whats app messenger, Skype, 2go messenger,

google talk, google messenger, iphone and androids. These networking sites are used by

most people to interact with old and new friends, physical or internet friends.

Ellison and Boyd (2007) define social network sites as web-based services that allow

individuals to construct profiles, display user connections, and search and traverse

within that list of connections. A social media is an online service or platforms that

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focus on facilitating the building of social network among people who share interest,

activities and background on real life connections. It is a website that allows users to

share information within a selected group.

2.3 History of Social Media

People always want to communicate with other people. People used to just visit the

people they wanted to see. The longer the distance, the harder it is to communicate.

Throughout history, people came up with various ways of communicating: through

post, pigeons, telegraph, light signals and telephone. Getting responses a few hundred

years ago meant waiting for months or a year. Human never stop looking for a faster

method to communication.

According to Boyd & Ellison, in late 1990’s social network born with Web 2.0

introducing features of blogging and posting with the website named ‘six

degrees.com’, which promoted itself as a tool to help people connecting with each other

and providing E-messaging facility. It was named after the ‘Six degrees of separation’

theory and lasted from 1997 to 2001. The idea is based on the theory that people are

separated by no more than six degrees from one another. It allows users to create

profile, make groups, search and invite friends. However, they encouraged members to

invite more people to the site and had too many membership drives. Many people

complained that the membership invitations were spam filling up their websites with

junk. It was sold in 2001 for $125 million but completely shut down the year after.

Other niche-driven sites are AsianAvenue established in 1997. By 1999, BlackPlanet

was established and in 2000, MiGente.com for Hispanic servers. In the mid- 1990s, the

internet was at its full force. Yahoo! Was established and Amazon had begun selling

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books. Every household was getting a PC. The World Wide Web showed no signs of

slowing down. Weinreith (2007) says that although it attracted millions of people but

unfortunately it fails to become a sustainable business. Its organizer believes that

sixdegrees.com was simply a head of its time. Wasow (2007) argues that from 1997 to

2001, number of social networking websites began to support various combinations of

profiles and publicly expressed friends. Asian Avenue, Black Planet, and Mi-Gente

allowed users to create personal, professional, and dating profiles, users could identify

friends on their personal profiles without seeking approval for those connections. By

late 2000s, social media had gained widespread acceptance and some services gained

huge numbers of users.

Later, it come up with new features in year 2003 a new face of social networks

linkedin.com and myspace.com but in year 2003 facebook.com and orkut.com change

the total concept of social networks in the history of social media and web sciences, it

changes the definition of social networks. After year 2003 social networks were very

much advance with new features, by new features the user even can change the whole

front end appearance of the website on his profile which is a step towards evolution. For

example, in November 2012, facebook announced it had 1 billion users worldwide. In

July 2012, twitter had estimated 517 million users.

Boyd and Nielsen (2006) reported that the social networking sites developed with the

passage of time, and its number of users increases from 46.8 million to 68.8 million.

Talking about law and jurisdiction it is international law that one must be 18 years old

minimum to use social networking websites but unfortunately, Lenhart & Madden

(2007) calculated a huge amount of underage users which must be violated. According

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to their calculation, it has been analyzed that 41% of 12–13 years old and 61% of 14–17

years old users use social networking websites.

Charlene Li et al., (2007) estimated that students are more likely to use social

networking websites; nearly 47% of teenagers (12 to 17year olds) and 69% of young

adults (18 to 21year olds) and 20% of adults (18+) use social networking sites, and

only 20% use them to contact other people and also reviews that students that use

social networking sites, 60% of teenagers and 68% of young adults visit them every

day. In contrast, only 42% of adults that use social networking sites visit them daily or

more and 24% adult users visit social networking sites monthly.

At present, whether social media is favorable or unfavorable, many students utilize

these sites on a daily basis. As social media sites continue to grow in popularity it is

our belief that technology is a vital part of today’s student success equation.

2.4 Social media in India

Indian are very active on different social networks and 88% of user shared content on

their social profiles as well as increasingly spending time on various social networking

sites. Social media use continues to grow in India, but barely 10% of the country is

currently “socially active”. The number of active users is increasing at a rate of roughly

one every second, but even at that rate, it will take another 16 years before half the

country’s population is using social media.

Facebook dominates today’s platform rankings in terms of monthly active users, and

whatsapp in particular are already beginning to change the look of the social media

landscape. Facebook recorded 28 millions new users in India in the past year, but just 5

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million of these 18% used mobile devices to access the service. Overall, however, 72%

of India’s social media users log in via mobile devices, and it is predicted that this

proportion will increase in the coming months as mobile internet access accelerates

further. The average social media user in India is considerably younger than the global

average, with more than half of the platform’s Indian user base aged 23 or younger. In

addition to the obvious benefits to the individual better access to education, financial

services and health information-such assistance should also help the marketer,

providing a powerful, direct way to reach one of the world’s most untapped audiences.

2.5 Characteristics Aspects of Social Media

Internet has changed people’s lifestyle as well as habits. Every human being has a need

and wish to communicate with others and exchange information, ideas, news etc.

Internet has enabled people to connect and communicate with not only one’s family but

with people across the world. The participation from community of people and society

has provided impetus to the growth of Social Media Network. With the increasing

number of online community participation, the social media network has become a

major medium of communication. Social media network spread across variety of

channels and medium as compared to the limited channels that print and news operate

with. It operates with several tools including audio, video, text, public discussion

boards, SMS, chatting, emails as well as blogging etc. It is a dynamic, flexible medium

that keeps changing interms of content, tools and keeps changing interms of content,

tools and keeps evolving all the time. Social media network is evolving are a very fast

pace and in line with faster changing technology tools that are being made available.

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2.5.1 Positive aspects of Social media

The positives aspects of social media are as follows:

 Education

Teachers are able to easily collaborate and communicate with students and one

another. Students have easy, free access to resources online to help them learn.

Grades improve and absenteeism is reduced. Students users reports that social

networking sites are udes to discuss educational topics and school assignments

 Politics

Voter participation is increased. Facebook users said they are more likely to vote

if they see that their online friends did. Social media facilitates political change:

online networks gives social movements a quick, cheap method of disseminating

information and mobilizing people

 Being informed/Awareness

Information spreads faster online than any other media. More than 50% learn

about breaking news on social media. Social networking provides academic

research to everyone with online access, allowing people access to previously

unavailable resources. Social media sites inform and empower individuals to

change themselves and their communities.

 Social benefits

Social media allows people to communicate with friends and this increased

online communication strengthens those relationships. It helps them in

maintaining their friendship and helps them stay keep in touch with friends even

tough they don’t see regularly

 Job opportunities

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Great for professionals for marketing, connecting and finding business

opportunities. Employers find employees and unemployed find work. Social

media has created thousands of jobs and new avenues of income

2.5.2 Negative aspects of Social Media

The negative aspects of social media are:

 A detriment to work/school

Social media enables cheating on school assignments among the students. While

grades did improve for light users, the grades of students who are heavy users of

social media tend to suffer. It can affect their grades due to misused of social

networking sites out of time.

Using social media can harm employment and prospects. Job recruiters check a

prospective employee’s social media accounts and thing like poor grammar,

racism, sexism, poor health, reference to alcohol and drugs, and sexual and

religious content can all count against the employee.

 Lack of privacy

People, especially the young, are often too open and public with personal

information when online. Most don’t read privacy policies and may be unaware

that their information may be used by third parties like advertisers, insurance

companies.

 Users Vulnerable to crime

Social networking sites allow hate groups to recruit and distribute propaganda

online. Unauthorized sharing and copyright infringement threatens intellectual

property and causes loss of income. Security attacks such as hacking, identity

theft, phishing scams and viruses are common in social media. Criminals used

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social media to commit crimes. Robbers know when you’re away from your

home on vacation and stalkers get information about your whereabouts via

social media.

 Social detriments

Cyber-bullying (the uses of electronic communication to bully someone, usually

by sending intimidating or threatening messages) is commonplace online, causes

emotional trauma and sometimes even leads to suicide. A 2012 study found that

at least 800,000 minors has been harassed on facebook. Middle school children

who experienced cyberbullying were almost twice as likely to try to kill

themselves. Extensive online engagement is correlated with personality and

brain disorders like poor social skills, narcissistic tendencies, a need for instant

gratification, and addictive behaviours and other emotional distress like

depression, anxiety, and loneliness.

 Misinformation

 Social media enables the spread of false rumors and unreliable information. It

also encourages amateur medical advice and self-diagnosis of health problems

which can be dangerous and life-threatening

 Advertising

Studies have shown that sites such as facebook influence you via advertisements

to spend more money. Advertisers gain all kinds of personal information

through social media and persuade to buy the product

 A waste of time

When alerted to a new post or tweet, it takes about 20 to 25 minutes for the

average user to return to their original task

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Thus, social media is not totally bad nor so good. It all depends on the user and the

motives behind.

2.6 Social Media and School Students

Merriam Webster encyclopedia Britannica Company defines: Youth is the time of life

when someone is young. Youth is the time when a young person has not yet become

an adult. Youth is very important for future of any nation and country’s progress and

development. Now a day Social media is essential for youth in the field of education

to learn new trends in education, to improve writing and communicating skills,

cultural promoting, religious and political information gathering and sharing links,

better living style, growth and development of society (Merriam Encyclopedia, 2001).

The school students also belong to the youth group who are very much connected with

the social media. Today, students utilize social media for different purposes both for

leisure time and for educational purposes. The social media act as an innovative force

that has profound influence on children and youth; technology generates new patterns

of expression, communication, and motivation. In this view, various terms have been

used to describe this generation of youth, including “Net-generation,” the “millennium

generation,” and “digital natives.” These labels attempt to identify a large group of

young adolescents who grew up during the expansion of the internet and from early

childhood have been immersed in a media-rich environment, using computers, playing

online games, constantly communicating and connecting with their friends by electronic

devices. Youth are described as having created a bedroom culture that facilitates their

media consumption without parental supervision or limitation. Acting in a media-rich

environment and a bedroom culture, the Net-generation or digital natives express

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different values, attitudes, and behaviours than previous generations. Immersion in this

technology-rich culture influences the skills and interests of teens in important ways.

Digital spaces such as social networking sites, weblogs (blogs), and clip and photo

sharing are owned by commercial companies that target youth and try to shape their

consumption patterns (Mesch n.d)

Social media can sometimes seem like just a new set of cool tools for involving young

people. The emergence of social media has a bigger impact among the youth of today.

Social media tools are woven into many young people’s day-to-day lives. Young

people are in conversation and communicating with their peers groups using a wide

variety of different media and media devices every day. Young people are growing up

in a constantly connected society.

Young people are using social networking sites to

 Keeping in touch with friends and acquaintances

 Developing new contacts often with friends, or people with shared interests

 Sharing content, engaging in self expression and exploring identity

 Hanging out and consuming content including commercial and user-generated

content

 Accessing information and informal learning

 Participating in informal groups, formal youth engagement opportunities

When social media is used responsibly with caution, social networks can be a great

tool for building social and professionals relationships. When used immaturely or

carelessly, social networks can be a dangerous medium capable of great damage.

Many youth are becoming the victims of social media owing to the unaware outcome.

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2.7 Significance of Education among Students

Education is the process of facilitating learning or the acquisition of knowledge,

skills, values, beliefs and habits. It frequently takes place under the guidance of

educators, but learners may also educate themselves. Education can take place in

formal and informal settings and any experience that has formative effects on the way

one thinks, feels, acts may be considered educational. The purpose of education is to

develop students’ desire and ability to think and learn about the world around them.

Education should prepare young people for life, work and a good citizenship.

“By education I mean all-round drawing out of the best in child and man-body, mind

and spirit. Literacy is not the end of education or even the beginning” (M.K. Gandhi)

The social media changes the way of study in current generation. Students for

educational purposes are now referring to social media to get information. With the

right strategy, social media can make education more collaborative and efficient. It

can help in keeping the course information organized and accessible. Social media

offers plenty of opportunities for learning and interactivity. Students are experiencing

the world through more than just books and assignments, they are learning and

adapting to the world using a relatively new form of communication. Social media

can be useful in all kinds of educations. It can provide useful information and contents

which are not available by nearest resources.

2.8 Impact of social media on education

For the purpose of education social media has been used as an innovative way.

Students should be taught to use this tool in a better way, in the educational classes’

media just being used for messaging or texting rather than they should learn to figure

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out how to use these media for good. Social media has increased the quality and rate

of collaboration for students. With the help of social media students can easily

communicate or share information quickly with each through various social sites like

Facebook, Orkut, and Instagram etc. It is also important for students to do some

practical work instead of doing paper work. They can also write blogs for themselves

to enhance their knowledge skills. Social networking sites also conduct online

examination which plays an important role to enhance the students’ knowledge.

2.8.1 Positive Effect of Social Media on Education

1. Social media gives a way to the students to effectively reach each other in

regards to class ventures, bunch assignments or for help on homework

assignments

2. Many of the students who do not take an interest consistently in class might

feel that they can express their thoughts easily on social media

3. Teachers may post on social media about class activities, school events,

homework assignments which will be very useful to them.

4. It is seen that social media marketing has been emerging in career option.

Social media marketing prepares young workers to become successful

marketers.

5. The access of social media provides the opportunity for educators to teach

good digital citizenship and the use of Internet for productivity.

2.8.2 Negative effect of Social Media on Education

1. The first concern about the negative effect comes to mind is the kind of

distraction to the students present in the class. As teachers were not able to

recognize who is paying attention in the classroom

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2. One of the biggest breakdowns of social media in education is the privacy

issues like posting personal information on online sites

3. In some of the scenario there were many in appropriate information posted

which may lead the students to the wrong side

4. Because of social media students lose their ability to engage themselves for

face to face communication.

5. Many of the bloggers and writers posts wrong information on social sites

which leads the education system to failure.

2.9 Student’s addictiveness to social media

On the internet, students engage in a variety of activities some of which may be

potentially addictive (kuss and Griffiths, 2011). The mass appeal of social media on

the internet could be a cause for concern, particularly when attending to the gradually

increasing amount of time students spend online. Students spend more time on

Facebook, Twitter and other social media through smartphones that are now in

abundance among these youths. Many students cannot go for two-three hours without

checking and updating their profiles on these social networks even at the detriment of

other activities such as educational and career pursuit. (Morahan- Martin and

Schumacher, 2000) explain social media addiction as the excessive use of the internet

and the failure to control this usage which seriously harms a person’s life.

Many concerned parents have expressed grave concern that they could hardly get the

attention of their children and wards, as they seem to have been carried away by the

fascinating world of social networks. Some youths are such social freaks that they

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have now carved out for themselves a world of fantasy and illusion for detached from

reality. The reason students are performing poorly in school these days might not be

farfetched. Some are so carried away that even as they are walking along the high

way, they keep chatting. Attention has been shifted from visible to invisible friends,

while important ventures like study and writing are affected in the process. The

youths have made the social media their top priority and continued to need more

usage in order to feel satisfied.

This phenomenon has become a source of worry to many who believe in knowledge

and skill acquisition (McQuail 2008). Jeong (2005) noted that internet addiction is

significantly and negatively related to students’ academic performance, as well as

emotional attributes.

2.10 Usage of Social Media and Students’ Academic Performance

The social media engages students and have to be examined as entrepreneurs of

understanding. The interactive character of online conditions has extended with social

networking which improved usage of Websites that has become a worldwide

phenomenon. Teens and teenagers have especially recognized these internet sites to be

able to contact their peers, share information, reinvent their personas, and showcase

their social lives (Nicole Ellison, 2007).

According to Khan U (2009), social media users often time experience poor

performance academically. Similarly, Englander, Terregrossa & Wang (2010) posit that

social media is negatively associated with academic performance of student and is a lot

more momentous than its advantages. Internet addiction consequently gave rise in

internet usage within the last couple of decades.

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Nalwa & Anand (2003) recommended that addicted users prefer using internet setting

back their personal and professional responsibilities which ultimately leads to poor

academic performance. In the same vein, Karpinski (2009) pointed out that social media

users devoted lesser time to their studies in comparison to nonusers did and

subsequently had lower GPAs. Karpinski & Duberstein. (2009) also mentioned that

among various unique distractions of every single generation, Social media remains a

major distraction of current generation.

Academic performance, which is measured by the examination results, is one of the

major goods of a school. According to Hoyle (1986), he argued that schools are

established with the aim of imparting knowledge and skills to those who go through

them and behind all this is the idea of enhancing good academic performance. Olubiyi

(2012) noted that these days’ students are so engrossed in the social media that they are

almost 24 hours online. Even in classrooms and lectures theaters, it has been observed

that some students are always busy pinging, 2going or facebooking, while lectures are

on. Times that ought be channeled towards learning, academic research and innovating

have been crushed by the passion for meeting new friends online and most times busy

discussing trivial issues. Hence, most students academic suffer setback as a result of

distraction from the social media.

According to Kuppuswamy and Shankar (2010) social network websites grab attention

of the students and then diverts it towards non-educational and inappropriate actions

including useless chatting.

On the basis of the above statement we can say that social networking sites may badly

affect the academic life and learning experiences of the student. As students began to

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spent more time using the social media, they are not able to give time in their studies

which is one of factors for poor academic performance.

2.11 Gender Usage of social Media among Students

When reviewing the literature related to gender and adolescents, results are mixed as

to which group spends more time on the Internet as well as on social media networks.

Studies have shown that boys have been online more than girls in previous decades

because of earlier forms of technology such as video or computer games (Lin &

Subrahmanyam, 2007). Girls have reported that they use social media for things like

chatting and downloading music. Because of this, one may hypothesize that girls will

be more likely to be attracted to social media networks and other online social groups

(Giles & Price, 2008).

Research has shown that though girls and boys are both likely to have a SNS account,

the reasons for the accounts may vary based on gender (Bonds-Raacke & Raacke,

2008). For girls, social networking sites are primarily placed to reinforce pre-existing

friendships; for boys, the networks also provide opportunities for flirting and making

new friends (Bonds- Raacke & Raacke, 2008). Girls are also more likely than boys to

share personal information about their daily lives (Merten & Williams, 2009)

Williamson et al (2011) has conducted a research report in which it has been analyzed

that 35.3% of female user use social networking websites where 42.2% male user use

social networking websites according to D. A. Williamson the ratio of male and

female users is almost near to be equaled.

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The number of teenagers, both male and female5, participating on social networking

sites is staggering, and this may explain why certain problems arise from these sites

that have become a major problem in today’s society.

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CHAPTER 3

RESEARCH METHODOLOGY

3.1 Introduction

Research methodology was a way to find out the result of a given problem on a

specific matter or problem that was also referred as research problem. In

methodology, researchers uses different criteria for solving/ searching the given

research problem. The basic idea of research was to get actual facts related to a

particular problem and helps us to make a systematic enquiry and measurement. The

methodology may include interviews, surveys, questionnaire, focus group discussion

and other research techniques.

3.2 Statement of The Problem

Social media has been seen as one of the most common used medium of

communication among all ages of groups. Specifically, social media was seen mostly

among the students for its easy accessibility and functions to keep in touch with the

people around. Since its existence the numbers of users have been increasing day by

day and especially among the students, they are facing a lot of neglect and challenges

on their academic performance and have certainly brought about rapid decline in the

quality of education. It was observed that student give more attention to social media

than they do to their studies. Instead of students reading their books, they spend their

time chatting and making friends via the social media and this might definitely have

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influence on their academic performance, because when you do not read, there was no

way you can perform well academically.

It was therefore of great importance to explore some of the trending issues facing

students’ academic performance as a result of social media. Thus, this study was to

investigate on the effects of social media on the academic performance of the

students.

3.3 Operational Definition Of Study

Social Media: They are forms of electronic communication which facilitate

interactive base on certain interests. Social media include web and mobile technology

Social Networking Sites: A website where people put information about them and

can send to others.

Effects: influence or cause someone or something to change (Cambridge dictionary)

Academic: It is concerned with studying from books as opposed by a practical work.

Students: A student is a learner, or someone who attends an educational institution.

Secondary School: A secondary school is a school which provides secondary

education, between the ages of 13 to 18 years, after primary school and before higher

education.

3.4 Rationale Of The Study

As Social Media was very popular among the youth, they contribute the majority

percentage of the users of the media. So the researcher wanted to study the effects of

social media specifically on their education. Social media was seen to have both

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positive and negative impact on students and teenagers. According to the finding

during the literature review, most of the students engaged in social media just to

communicate with friends and it was distracting them from their studies. The present

study will helps in identifying whether social media is really distracting students from

their education or not.

3.5 Significance Of The Study

The study was significant to the teachers, students and for the researchers and also

significant for the policy makers of education. As we all know, policy makers play a

significant role in the education system as every component in the system gets

implemented on the basis of their decision, this study can help the policy makers to

spread awareness and information by taking up educational course for social media on

its advantages and disadvantages which can change the students perspectives and

wrong notion on what social media is all about and in addition it can also be a

guidelines on the usages of social media. In this way social media can be used wisely

by the teachers and students and they can improve themselves in gathering

knowledge. The study will also help the teachers of the school to know the influence

that social media have on the students and the various implications it has among the

students. It will also assist the teachers to enlighten and create awareness among the

students on the usages of social media for educational purpose. This will help the

students in realizing the various opportunities provided by social media in getting

useful information which will be beneficial for the studies. The study will also help

researchers with more information on the influence and effects of social media on the

student’s academic performance.

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This study will also be relevant in assisting students in understanding the diversity of

social media. It will provide relevance materials for students and other researchers

undertaking similar research.

3.6 Research Questions

How student’s usages of social media influence academic performance?

Does student’s addictiveness to social media effects their academic performance?

How students utilize social media for academic purposes?

What are the challenges faced by the students by using social media?

Is there a gender difference in the usage of social media?

3.7 Research Objectives

General objectives

 To understand the effects of Social Media on the academic performance

among the students of Don Bosco Higher Secondary School

 To make appropriate recommendations based on the findings of the study.

Specific Objectives:

 To determine if social media interfering with students’ academic lives.

 To examine the challenges faced by the students

 To examine the relationship between the use of social media and academic

performance

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 To find out the gender difference on the usage of social media

3.8 Hypothesis

A hypothesis is an assumption about relations between variables. Black and

Champion (1976:126) have described it as “a tentative statement about something, the

validity of which is usually unknown”.

The researchers make the following assumptions:

 Student’s engaging in social media has negative influence on the academic

performance

 Addiction to social media is a major distraction for the students during their

studies

 Unlimited time spent for entertainment and non-academic purposes on social

media resulted in lowering their grades among students

 There is gender difference in the usage of social media

3.9 Research Design

The term “design” means “drawing an outline” or planning or arranging details. It is a

process of making decision before the situation arises in which the decision has to be

carried out. Research design is a planning strategy of conducting research. It is a

detailed plan of how the goals of research will be achieved.

The study on the Effects of Social Media among the students of Don Bosco Higher

Secondary School on their Academic Performance is to be conducted through

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descriptive survey method and exploratory survey method of research as is most

suitable for the present study.

Exploratory Research Design

Exploratory research is an investigation onto a problem or situation which provides

insights to the researcher. The research is meant to provide details where a small

amount of information exists. It is conducted for a problem that has not been clearly

defined.

Descriptive Research Design

Descriptive research describes what exists and may help to uncover new facts and

meaning. The purpose of descriptive research is to observe, describe and document

aspects of a situation as it naturally occurs ( Polit & Hungler 1999). This involves the

collection of data that will provide an account or description of individuals, groups or

situations.

3.10 Research Approach

The study will includes both quantitative and qualitative as the findings will be

represented in a statistical form with an explanation.

Qualitative Methods

Qualitative research is typically exploratory research. It gathers information that is not

in numerical form. It is useful for studies at the individual level, and to find out in

depth the ways people think or feel. “The goal of qualitative research is the

development of concepts which helps us to understand social phenomena in natural

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(rather than experimental) settings, giving due emphasis to the meanings, experiences

and views of all participants” (Pope & Mays 1995:42)

Quantitative Methods

“Quantitative research is a formal, objective, systematic process in which numerical

data are used to obtain information about the world. This research method is used to

describe variables, to examine relationships among variables and to determine cause-

and-effect interactions between variables”. (Burns & Grove 2005:23)

3.11 Methods

A research method is a particular way of studying something in order to discover new

information about the topic and for a better understanding. The methods to be

followed during the study were Focus Group Discussion (FGD), interviews and

observation.

Focus Group Discussion

The most widely used qualitative tool is the focus group discussion. A focus group

discussion (FGD) is a good way to gather together people from similar backgrounds

or experiences to discuss a specific topic of interest. The group of participants is

guided by moderator who introduces topics for discussion and helps the group to

participate in a lively and natural discussion amongst themselves.

Interviews

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Interview is the verbal conversation between two people with the objective of

collecting relevant information for the purpose of research. According to McNamara

(1999), interviews are particularly useful for getting the story behind participants’

experiences. It helps to pursue in-depth information around the topic. Interview is

used mainly for quantitative research and it is more structured than in qualitative

research.

3.12 Tools

To collect data from the respondents the researcher will use the tools of interview and

focus group discussion which include questionnaire and guidelines respectively as it

is found one of the reliable techniques appropriate for doing the study.

Questionnaire

Questionnaire is described as “a document that contains a set of questions, the

answers to what are to be provided personally by the respondents”. According to

Bogardus, “a questionnaire sent to a number of people for them to answer. It served

standardized results that can be tabulated and treated statistically”.

Questionnaire will be distributed to each of the respondent for filling up. The

researcher will help the respondent by explaining the question to make sure the

respondent understand the question properly.

Guidelines of Focus Group Discussion

For conducting focus group discussion, the following steps have to be followed:

Step 1: Defining a focus group

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Step 2: Designing focus group questions

Step 3: Recruiting and preparing for participants

Step 4: Conducting the focus group

Step 5: Analyzing the data

Questionnaire and FGD guidelines will help to measure the opinion of the students

and the teacher towards the influence of social media on the academic life and it was

thought to be flexible tool in collecting qualitative and quantitative research.

3.13 Source of Data Collection

Data’s are both primary and secondary source of any research. They determine the

existence of any research study. The researcher collected the data from the main two

source primary data and secondary data.

Primary data:

Primary data are collected directly from the respondents through questionnaire, it is

the first hand information received by the researcher from the respondent.

Secondary data:

The secondary data are collected from the books, e-books, journals, articles, reports,

and through internet.

3.14 Population Of Study

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According to Kerlinger (1981), he defined population as “all members of any well-

defined class of people, events, or subjects which can be living or non-living things”.

For carrying out the research work, the population for the study will include students

from the class XI and XII. It will comprise of students from two departments in Don

Bosco Higher Secondary School. The total population of students is 489.

3.15 Sample

Sample is a portion of a population selected for the study and sample size is the

method of selecting the samples from the population (Ogedegbe, 1998). Every study

involves sampling selection from the whole population, a smaller group to be

investigated.

The researcher will select a sample size of 70 respondents from both the stream. For

carrying out the sampling technique, stratified random sampling is selected as the

appropriate sample method.

Stratified Random Sampling

Stratified random sampling is a method of sampling that involves the division of a

population into smaller groups known as strata. In stratified random sampling, the

strata are formed based on members’ shared attributes or characteristics. These

subsets of strata are then pooled to form a random sampling

3.16 Ethics Of Study

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According to Dictionary of Sociology, research ethics is the application of moral rules

and professional codes of conduct to the collection, analysis, reporting and

publication of information about research subjects, in particular active acceptance of

subjects’ right to privacy, confidentiality and informed consent. The researcher is

aware of the ethical issues to be considered when conducting a research. Being ethical

means adhering to the code of conduct that a researcher here has to follow.

Avoiding bias: Bias on the part of the researcher is unethical. Bias is a deliberate

attempt either to hide what we have found in our study or to highlight something

disproportionately to the true existence from the respondent’s point of view.

Honesty: Honesty in terms of report data, results, methods and procedures. And to

avoid fabricate, falsify or misinterpret data.

Openness: Be open in sharing data, ideas, tools and resources and also to criticism and

new ideas.

Confidentiality: Confidentiality is maintained during study.

3.17 Interpretation Of Data Analysis.

For analyzing the data, the researcher will be using the software SPSS system and the

data will be converted into a statistical form along with explanation.

3.18 Delimitation of the study

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According to Baltimore County Public Schools, Delimitation in research refers to

choices that the researcher makes for the study that are under the control of the

researcher. It limits the scope and defines the boundaries of the study.

The study is conducted at a single institution and these results may not seem

generalizable beyond this higher secondary school. The study is also limited only to

the educational status of the students leaving behind the other factors which are also

affected by social media. The population of the study also limits itself to the age

group of 13 to 18 years who are the students of higher secondary. The researcher

could not find many literatures on the specific topic and see that no research work has

been done so far in that area.

3.19 Conclusion

Methodology of the study is the guideline of the researcher all through the venture of

carrying out her study till it comes out in the final form. It keeps the research always

at the track helping to achieve the specified objectives of the research. Here the

researcher has made clear the process how she plans to carry out the actual facts of

their usages of social media but also to get in to feelings and experiences so that she

can carry out an in-depth study on how students are affected and enrich by the use of

social media.

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CHAPTER 4

ANALYSIS AND INTERPRETATION

4.1 Introduction

The chapter deals with the analysis and interpretation of the data and information

collected by the researcher from the sample of population at Don Bosco Higher

Secondary School in Churachandpur, Manipur. A survey questionnaire and focus

group discussion were the main tools that the researchers used to collect data from

respondents. Observation of how the students engaged themselves with social media

and about the opinions and experiences also help the researcher to interpret, analyze

and compare the data from arriving at certain findings and conclusions.

The data collection was carried out in the month of January, 2017 among 70 students

of Don Bosco Higher Secondary School of Science and Arts stream. The researchers

also carried out a Focus Group Discussion (FGD) to have a deeper understanding

about the use and knowledge about social media in particular on their academic

performance. The quantitative data are analyzed and interpreted by the help of the

software called SPSS (Statistical Package for the Social Sciences) which is used for

statistical analysis of social sciences. The qualitative data collected through focus

group discussion was analyzed in a descriptive form.

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4.2 Demographical Information of the Respondents

4.2.1 Age of the Respondents

Age of the Respondents


35

30

25

20

15

10

0
16 17 18

Chart 4.2.1 shows the age distribution of the respondents. All the respondents aged

between sixteen to eighteen years. Out of seventy respondents, seventeen years with

thirty three respondents was the highest age group, followed by sixteen with twenty-

two respondents and eighteen years with seventeen respondents. The researchers finds

that this age group were the appropriate group to study the influences of social media

in their academic life, as they are studying in the educational institutions of higher

secondary and mostly they were found to be the maximum online users.

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Table 4.2.2 Sex of the Respondents

Sex Frequency Percent

Male 35 50.0

Female 35 50.0

Total 70 100.0

Table 4.2.2 shows the frequency distribution of the respondents as per their sex. The

researcher selected thirty five males and thirty females from the two stream i.e.

science and arts. As the researcher was following the technique of stratified sampling

method, the respondents are distributed equally in terms of the class and sex. Out of

seventy respondents, thirty five students from arts which includes eighteen females

and seventeen males and from the science stream, thirty five students which includes

seventeen females and eighteen males respectively.

Table 4.2.3 Stream of the Respondents

Frequency Percent

Science 35 50.0

Arts 35 50.0

Total 70 100.0

The researcher selected thirty five respondents from science stream including both

male and female and same no. of respondents goes for the arts (Table 4.2.3)

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4.3 Social Media and Students Academic Performance

The remaining Charts will talks about the effects of social media on the student’s

academic performance and it will be analyze and interpreted using a charts and

columns.

4.3.1 Initial influence on the use social media

Influences of Social Media


3%

27%
39%
Friends
To gather Information
Entertainment
31%
Other reason

In Chart 4.3.1 as shown below, it deals with the influences on the use of social media

among initially among the students. As presented in the charts, thirty nine per cent of

the students were influence to use social media for entertainment, thirty one per cent

used for gathering information’s, twenty seven per cent get to know social media

through friends and another three per cent used it for other purposes. After analyzing

the data given by the respondents, the researcher was of the opinion that students

mostly begins to used social media for the sake of entertainment and to have fun by

going through the updates and post of friends and for chatting with friends around.

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4.3.2 Negative effects of social media on studies

Negative effects of social media on studies

100

80

60

40

20

Yes
No

#REF!

From the Chart 4.3.2 it shows that social media has an effects on the students on their

studies negatively. Eighty one per cent of the respondents has experienced that social

media has an effect on their studies while nineteen per cent does not think that it has

an effect on studies. So, the researcher suggest that social media does have a negative

effect on the student’s academic life according to the report of the charts. Though, the

affects may differ from person to person based on the capacity that the students used.

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4.3.3 Social media can improve academic performance

Social media can improved academic


performance
Yes No

17%

83%

Chart 4.3.3 shows the responses of the respondents on social media as a means to

improve the academic life. From the Chart, it is seen that out of total respondents,

eighty three per cent agree to the fact that social media can improved the academic

performance of the students and is useful for their academic life. On the other hand,

seventeen per cent of the respondents do not feel that social media can improve their

academic performance. The researcher however, conclude that social media has the

ability to help the students improve in their studies through the information and the

knowledge that have been provided by social media. It also shows that majority of the

respondents has a positive opinion about social media and it’s functioning.

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4.3.4 Addiction to social media is problematic to academic life

Addiction to social media is problematic to


academic life
Percent

80
60
40 78.6

20
0 21.4

Yes
No

Chart 4.3.4 has shown that addiction to social media is problematic and it has negative

effects on their academic life as well. Seventy nine per cent of the respondents agree

to the statement that addiction to social media is problematic to student’s academic

life whereas twenty one per cent does not agree to the statement. From this, the

researcher came to the conclusion that addiction to social media is problematic and

the students get affected as they lose concentration during studies and find difficulty

to stay offline. They tends to check the updates on newsfeed and the photos post by

their friends and thus, can’t keep themselves away from staying online.

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4.3.5 Online social media distract during study hour

Online social media distract during study


hour
Percent

No 35.7

Yes
64.3
0
20
40
60
80

Chart 4.3.5 shows that online social media has distract the students during their study

hour. According to the data collected, the researcher found that sixty four per cent of

the students find that online social media is disturbing their concentration during their

study hour whereas thirty six per cent of the respondent does not feel that it does not

distract them during their study hour. So, it can be concluded that when the students

engaged in online social media it was distracting their mind and thus, they are not able

to concentrate during their study hour.

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4.3.6 Referred to social media for academic purpose

Referred to social media for academic


purposes
Yes No

14%

86%

From Chart 4.3.6, the researcher found that eighty six per cent of the respondents

referred to social media for doing their educational work whereas fourteen percent

does not referred to social media. The researcher find that most of the respondents

seek the help of social media for doing their assignment, project or any other work

related to the academic activities and supplement their bookish knowledge with the

information given by social media. So, social media thus, help them in doing their

academic work.

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4.3.7 Social media for spreading information

Social media for spreading information

100

80

60
85.7
40 Percent

20

0 14.3

Yes
No

Chart 4.3.7 shows that social media was used by the students to spread information

among friends circle. Eighty six per cent agree that social media as a mean to spread

information whereas fourteen per cent does not used to pass information. Majority of

the respondent have the opinion that social media for its fast and easy accessibility, it

is useful for spreading information among friends regarding academic or social life.

The researcher had analyze that social media can be used for passing information and

in this way it helps the students to be aware of the things that were being passed to

them and thus, get themselves updated.

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4.3.8 Students spent more time in social media than studies

Students spent more time in social media


than studies
Yes No

47.1
52.9

Chart 4.3.8 deals with the amount of time spent in social media than studies. Fifty

three per cent agree that they spent more time on social media than studies whereas

fourteen per cent did not agree that they spent more time on social media. It is a fact

that with the development of technology and communication, students tends to

generate their time and energy on social media more than they did to their studies.

This also further leads to the decline in their academic performance as they could not

make use of their time and set a limit time period for the studies as well as in online

social media.

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4.3.9 Hours spent on social media

Hours spent on social media


Below one hour Three to six hours Six hour and above

28% 26%

46%

In Chart 4.3.9 the researcher has analyzed on the duration of time spent on social

media by the students. Based on the data collected among the seventy respondents,

forty six percent spent their time on social media only below one hour, twenty eight

per cent spent three to six hours, and twenty six per cent spent more the six hour and

above. The researcher concluded that most of the students spent their time three to six

hours a day on social media which means that most of their time were invested in

online social media more than other activities. This can have negative effects on their

life as a student’s mentally, psychologically and emotionally.

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4.3.10 Difference in grades after using social media

Differences in grades after using social


media
Yes No

20%

80%

Chart 4.3.10 deals with the difference in grades after a student’s engaged in social

media. In the Chart it has been analyzed that eighty per cent of the students find

difference in their grades and twenty per cent does not see any difference in their

grades after they engaged in social media. This shows that social media has a

significant effect on the student’s academic performance and it makes a difference on

the student’s academic life as well.

However, the grades differ from person to person on how they make use of social

media. For some it can be higher if they use it purposefully and can be lower for those

who used it for only entertainment and other non educational purposes.

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4.3.11 Higher grades or lower grades

Higher grades and lower grades


Higher Lower Missing System

17%
24%

59%

In Chart 4.3.11 it shows the differences in grades after they used social media. Out of

seventy respondents, fifty nine per cent said that their academic grades has lowered

down after engaging in social media, twenty four per cent said that it improved their

grades and seventeen per cent does not give responses. So, the researcher concluded

that social media has a negative effects on the academic performance of the students

as it is lowering their grades after they are being engaged in social media. In most of

the cases, the result is lowered but for some it is higher which also give a positive

opinion if they utilize it in a good way and make used of the educational sites that

were available in the social media.

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4.3.12 Making use of educational sites on social media

Making use of social media for educational


sites

100
80
60
85.7
40
20
0 14.3

Yes
No

Chart 4.3.12 shows about how students make used of the educational sites for their

academic purposes. It is seen from the Chart that eighty six per cent of the students

has referred the educational sites whereas fourteen per cent does not bothered on the

available sites or they had not known about it. This means that the students need some

kind of awareness on the available sites which can be very helpful for their academic

life if they make used of it. So, it is important that the students should know the

usefulness of social media which can be an effective tool for getting knowledge and

information.

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4.3.13 Usages of social media in educational capacity

Usages of social media in educational


capacity
Never Rarely Often

4%

39%

57%

Chart 4.3.13 deals with the usages of social media in educational capacity. Fifty seven

per cent of the respondents have said that they visit the educational sites very often,

thirty nine per cent of the respondents said that they used rarely and four per cent has

never visited the sites. This shows that the students have known about the educational

sites whereas there are some groups of students who are not even aware of the

available sites.

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4.3.14 Usages of Social media for discussing educational work with teachers

Usages of social media for discussing with


teachers
90
80
70
60
50
40 81.4 Percent
30
20
10 18.6
0
Yes No

Chart 4.3.14 shows the usages of social media by students for discussing educational

work with the teachers. According to the data, it is seen that eighty one per cent used

it for discussing their educational work whereas nineteen percent does not use. So,

social media also serves as a means of communication between the students and the

teachers.

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4.3.15 Effects of social media on teaching and learning

Effects of social media on teaching and learning


Very Negative Very Positive Positive

7%

31%

62%

In Chart 4.3.15, the respondents drop their opinion about the effects of social media

on the teaching and learning process. Sixty two per cent felt that social media has

positive effects on the teaching and learning process, thirty one per cent felt it has a

very positive effect and only seven per cent find that it has negative effects. This

shows that the students have a positive opinions about social media and they would

like to make use of social media as a means of teaching and learning.

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4.3.16 Importance of social media on educational life

Importance of social media on educational


life
Very Helpful Not Helpful Don't Know

16%
36%

48%

Chart 4.3.16 shows the importance of social media on educational life. The researcher

feels that it is important to take note on what the students think about social media and

in one’s educational life. According to the data collection, forty eight per cent does

not think it was helpful, whereas thirty six per cent find that was very helpful and

sixteen per cent were not sure of the consequences it has on the students. However,

the researcher is of the opinion that accuracy of the data may be weak since the

respondents in the Chart 4.3.16 has shows a positive opinion about the usages of

social media in the teaching and learning which also include the educational life of the

students. So, the researcher would conclude that social media plays an important role

in students educational life if it was used in a correct and purposive manner.

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4.3.17 Social media as a means to kill the time

Social media as a means to kill time

60
50
40
30 55.7
20 44.3
10
0

Yes
No

It is interesting to know that most of the respondents used social media to kill their

time. Chart 4.3.17 shows that fifty six per cent of the respondents visit the social

media to kill their time and forty four per cent visit it for a specific purposes. This

shows that the respondents engaged on social media only to keep them away from

being bored and for time pass.

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4.3.18 Spending extra time on social media

Spending extra time on social media


Percent

61.4
80
38.6
60
40
20
0
Yes
No

Chart 4.3.18 shows the extra time that the respondents invest on social media. It is

seen that sixty one per cent has spent extra time on social media and thirty nine per

cent do not. The researcher came to analyzed that the respondents had spent most of

their time on social media and they can sit till late night or get up early in the morning

just to visit social media. This can be one of the challenges faced by the respondents

as they are not able to keep themselves away from being online.

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4.3.19 Ignorance of responsibility due to social media

Ignorance of responsibility due to social


media

60

50

40

30
54.3
45.7
20

10

0
Yes No

In Chart 4.3.19, it shows that fifty four per cent of the respondents have ignored their

responsibility when they begin to engaged in social media and forty four per cent does

not feel they ignored their work. The researcher finds that those groups of respondent

who ignored their work tends to have difficulty in fulfilling their daily activities may

be at home or in their school. They are not able to do work in time and procrastinate

their work which in-turn makes them irresponsible.

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4.3.20 Satisfaction using social media

Satisfaction using social media

61.4
38.6

Yes
No

Chart 4.3.20 show the respondent’s satisfaction on using social media. Sixty one per

cent of the respondents find satisfaction using social media whereas thirty nine per

cent does not find any satisfaction.

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4.3.21 Reason for finding satisfaction with social media

Reasons for finding satisfaction with social media


solve problems
Reliable
Provide good knowledge
improve educational knowledge
good for leisure time
Get updated
Gain more knowledge and information
Entertained and helps to get information
Connected with friends
Chatting with friends
Brighten life

0 0.5 1 1.5 2 2.5 3 3.5 4 4.5

Chart 4.3.21 shows the reason why the respondent finds satisfaction when they used

social media. It is interesting to find that most of the respondents finds satisfaction

using social media due to the knowledge and information that they provide through

different sites and thus, it helps the students in getting updated and also provide

answers to their doubts. It also helps them in solving their problems and in this way

the respondents finds satisfaction in using social media.

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Chart 4.3.22 Reason for not finding satisfaction with social media

Reasons for not finding satisfaction with social


media
2.9 2.9

1.4 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.4

In the Chart 4.3.22 the respondents give some reason for not finding satisfaction with

social media.

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4.3.23 Social media effect on the psychology of the students

Social media effects on psychology


Percent

75.7

80

60 24.3

40

20

Yes
No

In this Chart 4.3.23 it shows if the respondents are affected psychologically when they

stayed offline. It was surprising to see that seventy six per cent has accepted that they

are affected psychologically when they stay long in offline and twenty four per cent

do not think that they were affected psychologically. This shows that social media has

disturb their mentality and psychologically.

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4.3.24 Psychological disturbances faced by the students

1.6

1.4

1.2

0.8

0.6

0.4

0.2

Chart 4.3.24 shows the reason why social media affect their psychology when they

stay offline for long hours.

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4.3.25 Tendency to perform better in absence of social life

Tendency to perform better in absence of


social media

34%
Yes
No
66%

In Chart 4.3.25 it shows the idea and opinions of the respondents on the tendency to

perform better in the absence of social media. Sixty six per cent of the respondents

find that they can perform much better if they stop themselves from using social

media and thirty four per cent does not find any difference in changing their

performance even if they stop using social media. The researcher conclude that the

respondents have a believed that they can performed better in their studies in the

absence of social media as they can have a free mind and free thinking and they could

concentrate more on their studies instead of wasting their time in social media.

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4.3.26 Offline leads to frustration and anger

Offline leads to frustration and anger

100
80
60
81.4
40
20
0 18.6

Yes
No

In Chart 4.3.26 it shows the respondents attitude towards being staying offline for

long hours and how it leads to frustration and anger. Eighty one per cent of the

respondents feel that they lose patience and often felt frustrated and angry whereas

nineteen per cent does not feel any sort of those feelings. This shows that the

respondents are depending so much on social media and they are not able to stay

offline which in-turn lead them to become frustrated and angry.

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4.3.27 Social media effects on the spelling and language of students

Social media effects on the spelling and


language of students
Yes No

39%

61%

Chart 4.3.27 shows the effects of social media on the spelling and language of the

students. According to the data collected from the respondents, sixty one per cent

finds that excessive indulging in social media affects the spelling and languages of the

students. Thirty nine per cent does not have any problem regarding their spelling and

languages even though they engaged in social media. The researcher finds from the

data that more than half of the respondents experienced the effects of social media and

thus, it can be concluded that social media has negative impact on the students

spelling and languages.

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4.3.28 Difference in the usages of social media based on gender

Difference in the usages of social media


among gender
70.0

60.0

50.0

40.0

30.0 Percent

20.0

10.0

0.0
Yes No

Chart 4.3.28 shows if there was no difference in the usages of social media based on

gender. The respondents have dropped their opinions and out of seventy respondents

half of them feel there was no difference in the usages between male and female.

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Chart 4.3.29 Who uses more male or female?

Who uses more social media?


Male Female Missing

27%

50%

23%

By looking at Chart 4.3.29, twenty seven per cent of the respondents feel that male

uses more whereas twenty three per cent felt that female uses more. Though it is

difficult to find accurate results due to high level of missing response as seen in the

Chart male is believed to be used more than female.

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4.4 Qualitative Analysis of the Data

1. The preferred social media sites of the students

The most common favourite sites of the students were like Facebook, Instragram,

watsapp and YouTube and online games. Out of ten respondents, seven respondents

give the same opinion on this question which shows that they preferred to browse on

the entertainment sites and they tends to neglect those sites which were available for

studies and other educational purposes. Due to its easy accessibility it has become one

of the means to keep in touch with friends who are far or near and it keeps the

relationship stable and it also makes difference in the life’s as well. If we look at

today’s generation, they have become very advance due to modern technology and

their demand has been easily met in social media. For the girls, the advertisement has

played an important role in their life and it also changes their lifestyle completely in a

very fashionable way. The online shopping sites have been an immense favourite of

the girls and with just a click they could get what they want in the product. Whereas

many boys have engaged into online games and they become very addicted towards

those games. So, the student’s favourite on the various sites depends on those which

fulfill their needs and interest.

2. Social media contribution to the life of students

Social media provides information and help the students to get updated and a lot of

news could be gathered through this social media so it improved the knowledge and

they get to know what is happening around the world. By browsing at the news feed

on social media sites many information could be collected and they become more

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aware of things that are happening and it also broaden their minds. They are also able

to developed their ideas and opinions and the way they think also changes over time.

However, there has been many mix opinions on the side of the respondents. Though it

also contributed positively it differs for some people. During the interview, out of 10

respondents, 6 of the respondents claimed that it gives more of the negative sites than

the positive side because it kills their valuable time and it was addictive. The time

spent on social media could be utilized in a very purposeful way in the absence of it

but most of them use just to kill their time and this does not contribute in a good

manner to their life. So, it can be noted that social media has contributed more

negatively among the students and it is time consuming and good way to waste time.

3. Social media and the student’s academic life

Social media and the student’s academic life has become one of the alarming factor of

today’s world. Students do engaged in social media but the consequences differ from

person to person. During the interview, majority of the respondents has shared their

opinion that after they engaged in social media they lost interest in studies and they

preferred to spent their time browsing net or chatting with friends. It also distracted

them during their study hour and they lost concentration while studying. They mostly

used smartphones to stay online and things become easier for them to stay online

anytime and anywhere. Out of 10 respondents, more than half of the respondents has

seen changes in their academic performance in many cases it lowered their grades

instead of improving it. This is because they stay online, they don’t think about

studying and there is no way for improvement in their studies if they are not studying.

It is also analyzed that students has spent so much of their time using the non-

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educational sites like facebook and it does have a good impact on their academic life.

However, some have also mentioned that they used it as a way to relieve their tension

and stress especially during exam. They also said that when they are tired of studying

they get into those entertainment sites and it helps them to relax for sometimes and

they get back to studies again. Though, for some it is having and effects for some it

helps them a lot in their studies and they like social media. So, it ultimately depends

on the person on how he/she uses it and for what purpose he/she used it.

4. Social media effect on their personal life

When it comes to social media as an effect to their personal life, most of them has

shared that it effects their personal life negatively for many reasons like spending too

much time by doing things that do not contribute to their life and they are addicted, it

also effects their health and also their emotion or feelings in some way or the other. In

some cases, it also leads to unhealthy relationship when someone commented or posts

something in social media which hurt the sentiment of the person. It also brings

enmity between a person in some cases. Some of the respondents also commented that

they also spent more and more money as they engaged in social media. They also

have difficulty in sustaining thei mobile bills as they are relying on the parents. But

some feels that it helps in their personal life as they stay connected with friends and

also increase their creativity level and improve knowledge. It can be seen that social

media does have effect on their personal life either positively or negatively. Out of 10

respondents 5 respondents claimed that it affects their personal life negatively.

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5. Social media as teaching-learning tool

Social media can be used as a teacher and student’s interaction platform in which they

can openly shared their study material and other academic works without any

appointment or meetings. It makes it easier for the teacher as well as the students to

pass information and it is helpful for their teaching and learning as well. The students

also used to clarify their doubt or discussed the matter regarding examination or any

assignments etc. Many have given positive opinion on making used of social media as

a tool for teaching and learning. Out of 10 respondents, 8 respondents have said that it

can be an effective tool and it is essential to be used as an educational purpose

because it is known and available to all. But it should used with certain set of limit as

there is always possibility for misunderstanding between the teacher and the students.

6. Suggestions on use of social media

Many of them expressed the addictive nature of social media which can be harmful to

their career especially in their academic so, they suggested giving a serious time for

their studies and being aware of how much time they spent on those non-academic

sites. There are many sites in which they can improved themselves like their creativity

level, their ideas and views through the constant interaction with friends, this can also

help them to broaden their minds.

Today generations are not aware of the usefulness of social media and how it can

positively contribute to their life so, they should be taught how to make use and also

make them aware those possibilities that they can begin to use it in a way that

contributes to their lives.

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4.5 Focus Group Discussion

The researcher has conducted a Focus Group Discussion with the students of Don

Bosco Higher Secondary School who are from different stream. The focus group

discussion for two groups was done on the 16th January, 2017. Focus Group

Discussion was conducted around 1:00 pm in the afternoon among the students and

for the teachers at around 4pm in the school itself. During the FGD the researcher

facilitate the whole session of both the groups. The session was started doing self-

introduction and as the students could not give enough time during their class

schedule, it was held for around one hour for students and 45 minutes for teachers.

The respondents were allowed to talk about the topic as per the questions asked by

the researcher. In the whole session, the respondents were seen to be fully

participated.

During conducting the FGD, eight respondents took part from the students and five

respondents from the teachers to share about their views and opinion toward the open

ended question framed by the researcher.

4.5.1 FGD with the students:

1. Social media, according to the respondents

“Social media is a kind of online media, in which we can share our views, ideas and

also we can gather information and knowledge out of it. It is also an entertainment to

us(the students) by browsing on the apps like facebook, whatsapp etc…”

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The respondents have shared many of their views points about what social media is

according to them. Majority of the respondents view social media as a means for

entertainment in which they and chat with their friends especially to those who were

in far off places.

The other respondents supplement the definition of the respondents by saying that

“Social media is something more than that, it gives us information and sometimes it

also solve our problems when we are not able to do our homework or some projects

works. Most of the time I referred to social media for helps and I am very satisfied

with the answer I get also”. So, the researcher finds that students also make use of the

educational sites and most importantly they feel that it has helped them in doing their

work. Some also view it as a source of information and knowledge as they usually

make use of social media to supplement their assignment and other academic work.

Another respondent has said that “For me, it is an online means of communication

among friends and the surrounding people”. There have been many views on how

they see social media and it differs from person to person.

2. Reason for engaging in social media

One of the respondent starts by saying “I engaged in social media because I like to

see the updates and what people are doing and most of the times I want to chat with

friends also. And my most visited sites are like facebook, whatsapp, instragram…and

I don’t know much about those sites for educational use”. Some of the other

respondents were also agree to the point that they engaged mainly for chatting with

friends or to stay connected with friends and also to check their post, comments and

how many likes especially when it comes to sites like facebook and instragram.
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However, among the respondent one says “As I am interested in modeling, I usually

look at the fashion dress or design or all the ads related to my interests and for that I

usually engaged myself in social media as it can give me many ideas and once I start

to look I can’t stop myself from viewing all those things”

Another respondent said that “There were many things social media shows or gives

out so I love to browse in different sites finding new things and I didn’t keep myself

only to one sites like facebook or whatsapp but I used to enter blogs, news updates,

watching video etc…and it was fun”

So, the researcher gathered some ideas from their sharing on why they engaged in

social media and there is a mix ideas among the respondents about social media and

its functions. So, most of the respondents engaged themselves according to their

interests and their own motive there is nothing specific it they visit social media

network.

3 Social media have influence on the academic life: positively or negatively

“As for me, social media was helpful to me in my academic career as I could get help

from the net to prepare my notes and other academic related works like in

assignment, and as m from science background I use to consult for doing my project

work. I would say that it influence positively because it really helped me in lighten my

work as I can finished my work in time…and I never engaged myself in social media

out of time so, I would say it influence me positively” says one of the respondent.

From this view point the researcher can know that social media help them in their

academic work and they find satisfaction when they get information and knowledge to

supplement their subjects.


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However, there is an argument from another respondents saying “for those students

who does not know the limit of using social media, it can be a negative effect to their

learning or their academic life they could not make time for their books and it does

effects them in their studies, so in my case it’s like that and I cannot say that social

media has positive influence when it lowered my academic performance. It may

depend on the students also but I think majority those who not know how to utilized

nicely they will get negative influence according to me”.

Another respondent added that “social media is very well known and everyone is

using it so the influence will be different. I believed social media has both advantages

and disadvantages and if we know how to use it will give positive reaction and if we

don’t use properly it will give negative so..”

The researcher also feel that the influence of social media differ from person to person

on how the student’s make use of it. For those who did not know the usefulness may

end up for utilizing only for fun or entertainment and this can be a problem to their

academic life. And for those students who know the benefits of social media can use

in a very effective way and this can also help them in improving their performance

and contribute it positively in their academic life.

Looking into the opinion of the respondents the students were not that much aware of

the benefits or advantages of social media and they tends to always end up in those

sites available for entertainment or fun games. So more of their time is invested on all

those available sites and they did not think of exploring the other sites which is useful

for the educational purposes.

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4 Addiction to social media effect the academic performance of the students

“Yes, I agree to the statement that addiction to social media is harmful not only for

the academic performance but also for the health of a person because it can affect the

mentally of a person. Like when a person is so much into social media he delay his

sleep and stay long at night which is harmful for his eye and also he is not able to

concentrate when he did something and he is very disturb”. When we say addiction it

means that the excessive way of using something’s in which one is not able to stay

without having it, so in that way social media is something which is very addictive

and which someone cannot get rid of they start to engaged. The researcher finds very

true that students can become addicted when they constantly keep themselves busy

with online social networking sites and they are not able to think other activities other

than to stay connected, check chat list and messages, post photo, updates and many

more. In this, one can become very addicted if he did not know the limit.

Another respondent is of the opinion that “Social media can be addictive but it also

depends on the person on how they utilize it. Our generation is being affected by this

online network so, one should be careful when using it, if not it will have negative

impact on him especially in his academic life”. The researcher also believed to the

view point of respondent because everything depends on oneself and we can’t just

blame on social media for all the ill effects.

One of the respondent says a strong statement that “Don’t get involved in online

social media for so long that you become totally addicted and know the limit and it

won’t harm your health neither your academic performance”

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Many perspectives have come up during the discussion and it helps the researcher to

develop the different way of dealing with social media.

5 Challenges faced by students by using social media

“I don’t exactly know what are the challenges I faced when I used social media but I

can say that when I didn’t stay online in like facebook or watsapp, it really disturb my

mind when I tried to study. I am not able to concentrate at all and every time I get to

check my mobile again and again and I lost concentration. I can’t stay away from my

mobile phone for long it really distracting” says one of the respondents. It was true

for the student’s who does not maintain a good routine for study hour to force

themselves to concentrate especially when there was examination as they were

already getting addicted. There have been many cases in which the students get

distracted because of this social media and this can be one of the challenges they

faced though it cannot be accurate for all.

Another respondent says “for me, the most challenging I find was when I began to use

wrong spelling due to too much off shortcut system when we write text and all, it

sounds funny but it is a fact”. It is very true in some way as the students this days

tends to use shortcut method of writing text messages and it automatically effect their

spelling and they even tends to misuse it during exam and all which was a very bad

practice.

One of the respondent added “another challenges can be avoiding the work or task

especially the assignment or any household chores”.

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From the respondent, many challenges have come up which is very relevant and it

also help the researcher in realizing the possible challenges faced by the students apart

from their educational curriculum as well. Sometimes it reported that they even get

scolding from the parents and they use to get warning from the parents that they will

take their mobile phone. It was believed to happen in many cases because if a person

start engaging in social media means they neglect all their responsibility and did not

pay any attention to their work. And this sometimes leads to misunderstanding and a

fight between the families as well. The researcher was able to conclude that social

media was a big challenges for the students.

7 Gender differences in using social media

“Well, you know boys are more good in using social media and they always find out a

way easily using social media and if a man gets online it means he is searching for

something useful and if a girl’s get online it means facebook or others”.

There is another views coming up from the respondent saying that “ Boys uses more

because they have more free time as they did involved in household works unlike the

girls do so, the boys uses more”.

However, there is another argument on the other respondent that “Female uses more

because they are very good in chatting and they enjoy talking with their friends”. It

was difficult to analyze who uses more as most of the respondents were of the opinion

that there is no different in using social media between male and the female group and

both has use the on same capacity.

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One of the respondent appropriately says “we are living in a world governed by social

media and everyone is aware of it, so normally everyone gets affected and everyone is

using irrespective of their gender, so gender does not have an issues on who uses

more or who use less, so, as for me there can be no difference because as much as the

boys are interested the girls also do”

So, the researcher concludes that there is no difference in the usages of social media

between male and female.

4.5.2 FGD with the Teachers

1 Social media as a tool for learning and teaching

“Social media can be very effective tool for teaching and learning as it is the centre

or the so called source of knowledge. No one can say that they had learnt a lot or that

they have know too much, so human beings as long as we live engaged in a

continuous process of learning and because of the coming of internet which is easily

available and accessible to us it makes the learning much more easier. If I have to

focus on the question social media as a tool for learning and teaching, I would

definitely say yes as it is a very good and significant for the teacher as well because

the bookish knowledge is not enough if we have to give or improve their learning as

the world is also becoming competitive day by day” says one of the teachers. The

views has clearly signifies the importance of social media for the teachers in

supplementing their knowledge. Things has been changing a lot from the time when

social media has paved its way and this have make a tremendous changes in the life of

the people and that they began to depend on its abilities and it does effect the whole

population of the world. Especially among the students and the teachers,
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communication has become so much easier and there exist different style of teaching

and learning. The scenario of education has also gradually changed and everything

was been technically and sophisticatedly replaced. In some parts of the country, we

find that books were being replaced by laptop or newly invented machine which

intentionally aims to make the life easier.

One of the respondents added that “Social media has been perceived in a very wrong

way by so many people. Like when a teacher is seen being online in social media sites

like facebook we used to think or take it differently that we label them very badly,

which is very wrong thing to do. I, myself also come across that why I am sharing.

Social media does not limit itself to a group of people or category of people or to the

young people, it is open to all and it is one’s will to engaged or not, so senior citizen

or people who are a bit elder are being back bitted if they start to engaged which is

very wrong. As a teacher, I stay online to stay connected with friends and also I get to

take to my students which also build a stronger relationship and students and teacher

relationship can be improved. So, apart from its ability as teaching and learning tool,

it is also important to make better relationship with the students as well’. It is true that

when we speak about social media we think that it’s only for the youngsters or those

young adult, but social media does not limit itself to a particular group of people. It

was for everyone and it can be utilized by any one according to their own personal

will and interests.

2 Opinion on student’s using social media

“Actually, many reasons exist that explain why students love to spend time

socializing. Firstly, social networks provide them the freedom to do whatever they

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want- to upload what they want and talk to whom they want. They like to make new

friends and comment on lives of different people. Student’s can create other online

identities that the real world does not allow. The freedom it gives them to act just by

sitting in front of a computer enthralls them, and they then demand for more freedom.

Never before has it been so easy for young minds to create a digital image of their

actions through such a spontaneous medium”. Social media has become a platform

for the students to create a kind of identity in which they can show themselves to the

world especially like in facebook, instragam, blogs, youtube etc. by creating a profile

of their own and this lead them to make friends in and around the world.

One of the respondents says “One of the biggest problems about the youngsters

engaging in social media is identity crisis. Many psychologists are worried about the

identity crisis that our present generation may face today. The lives of people,

especially students, are largely influenced by what is posted by other people on their

profiles. The habits that students learn are decided more by what their friends do and

less by the teachings of parents or teachers. The researcher also have the believed that

there has been many issues among students or youngster due to identity crisis and this

may lead to a very disastrous outcome if it is not taken care of. There has been issue

like cyber bullying or stalking which has affected the lives of students. Some other

problem may be like having a relationship with one whom they never met but getting

involved in love even though they did not meet each other which is considered to be

very common among the youngsters. All this can be very dangerous for one’s life as

well.

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Another respondent added that “Our students have become prone to frequent

fluctuations in mood and self-control. If one student’s or friends posted about his or

her present relationship with someone, then other friends are influence to do the same

thing. Actions that attract more public attention hold more value, even despite some

of them being immoral or illegal. We even see that many students are worried about

their looks and they feel shy to upload their pictures while other use to show cast their

beauty. A recent study has stated that whenever someone uploads a profile picture, it

immediately affects the moods of friends. It often produced stress, anxiety or fear

about their identities as people. Consistently, thinking this way can lead to

depression”.

There has been many opinions coming up from the respondents on how students used

social media and it gives a new idea to the researcher as well on how students exposed

themselves in social media. Most of the discussion was about the misuse of social

media by students and little opinion came up on the positive side on how students

used it.

3 Negative changes in student’s performance due to exposing in social media

“The most important things in a student’s life are studying, learning good habits and

gaining knowledge to become a person with a moral character. But today, as we see

in various studies, this optimal learning process is seriously jeopardized by students

becoming entrapped by the ploys of social networking sites. Students neglect their

studies by spending time on social networking sites rather than studying and keep on

chatting interacting with people online. Actively and frequently participating in social

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networking can negatively affect their grades or hamper their journeys to their future

success” says one of the respondent.

Among half of the students, there has been a decline in their academic performance

due to constant engagement in social media. And it’s a fact that students in this

present generation are very much distracted at the times of studies and they could

spent more time in online network rather than in books.

4 Encouragement of students to use social media

“Considering the pros and cons of social media, it is necessary to develop certain

regulations over the use of such social networking sites, especially for high school

and college students. But still, students should get the choice to spend time socializing

in an effective way. It should not hamper their school or college performance, and it

should be kept in mind that social networking sites create virtual worlds that

drastically differ from reality. Students should develop the cognitive and intuitive

ability to analyze how much time they want to spend on social media, it is left up to

the students to decide what really matters in their life and how much of this virtual life

translate to real life”.

It is good to encourage the students to use social media because there were many

things that they can learn and they can benefits out from it.

Conclusion

This chapter deals with two kinds of data collected from different respondents by

using different tools of data collection, such as questionnaire and focus group

discussion. The overall impression of the analysis and interpretation of the data

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collected shows that there are differences of opinion among the students about the

effects of social media on the student’s academic performance. Though, majority are

of the opinion that it has a negative influence on their studies and the effects on their

academic performance as well. Some opinions are giving the positive side of social

media but not much as compared to the negative effects. Many have also expressed

that they were not aware of the different aspects of social media usage especially

those dealing with educational sites other than those sites available for chatting,

uploading photos and commenting. The researcher also was satisfied with the

interactions with the respondents and not only that he could collect the data she

wanted, but also he could give away many good information and knowledge about

what effects social media has been having, and how students use it and also the

dangers that effect anyone using social media.

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CHAPTER 5

FINDINGS AND RECOMMENDATION

5.1 Introduction

In this chapter, the researcher tries to bring out some of the major findings and to

discuss the relevance of these findings on the students of Don Bosco Higher

Secondary School. This discussion mainly focuses on the effects of social media on

the academic performance of the students. Accordingly, the researcher would also try

to bring out certain recommendations for the students of Don Bosco Higher

Secondary School to have better and enriching use of the social media.

5.2 Hypothesis

Hypothesis 1: Student’s engaging in social media has negative influence on the

academic performance

The hypothesis for the students on the negative influence of social media on the

academic performance can be proved as correct statement. From chart 4.3.2 it is seen

that 81% of the respondents feel that it has negative impact on their studies and they

are not able to concentrate in their studies and their minds gets distracted. Most of the

students spent more time in social media than they do to their studies. During the

focus group discussion with the students many have the opinion that it has a negative

effect on them as they were engaging more for entertainment purposes and they are

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not aware of the academic sites which might be helpful for them. So, the researcher

concludes that using social media is having a negative influence on the academic

performance.

Hypothesis 2: Addiction to social media is a major distraction for the students

during their studies

The hypothesis addiction to social media is a major distraction for the students during

their studies can be proved as a true statement. From the figure 4.3.4, it shows that

79% of the respondents have accepted that addiction to social media is a major

distraction during their studies. During the discussion, many of the respondents has

shared that they are being addicted and they feel angry or frustrated when they are not

able to stay online or when the connection is down and they spent more of their time

in social media. So, the above hypothesis is proved to be correct.

Hypothesis 3: Unlimited time spent for entertainment and non-academic

purposes on social media resulted in lowering their grades among students

The above hypotheisis is also proved to be correct as in the figure 4.3.10 it is seen that

80% of the respondents agrees that there is difference in their grades after they

engaged in social media. And in figure 4.3.11, it shows that more than half of the

respondents said that it lowered their grades and this effect the academic performance.

The respondents also shared that they are more interested in the non-academic sites

which can entertain them or which can connect them with friends for chatting, which

allow them to post picture or comment of other picture etc. so, they find it difficult to

give time when it comes to academic work. This has proved that unlimited time spent

for entertainment and non-academic purposes on social media resulted in lowering

their grades among students.

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Hypothesis 4: There is gender difference in the usage of social media

The above hypothesis is proved to be wrong. Figure 4.3.28 shows that 42% feel that

there is difference in the usages of social media among male and female and 58%

does not feel that there is differences among gender. So, majority are of the opinion

that there are no differences.

As social media does not limit itself to any group of people and it is easily available

to all, everyone is free to utilize and make used of it, so there can be no such

difference in between the gender when it comes to social media.

The above mentioned hypothesis were proved by analyzing using the mix method i.e.

both quantitative and qualitative method and also the focus group discussion held with

the students and the teachers.

5.3 Findings of the study

To determine if social media interfering with students’ academic lives

1. Majority of the respondents has accepted that they used social media initially for

entertainment activities and they get to know mostly from friends and their most

visited sites were like facebook, whatapps, youtube, instragram etc. They also

used for gathering information when and as needed.

2. The students also make use of social media to spread information and for

circulating their important materials which was the easiest way to keep the

classmates informed of what is being happening. They also referred to the

information given by social media for educational purposes like doing

assignments, projects or for supplementing their knowledge or for making notes.

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3. It was also found that more than half of the respondents utilize social media rarely

in educational capacity. They did not visit online social network for a specific

purposes but for time pass and to kill the time. Most of the respondents agree to

that using social media too much or out of time affects their studies as they are not

able to give sufficient time for books and the study materials.

So, it can be clearly seen that social media does interfere in the academic lives of

the people and it impact was of more negative. The social media, in which the

students engaged themselves mostly, fall under those sites which were for

entertainment, advertisements, beauty and make-up, etc. The respondents were

unaware of the benefits of social media and they only know only a limited number

of sites in which they have develop their interests.

Students were the most effected group of social media and it always has both the

advantages and disadvantages based on person’s. It depends on how one’s utilized

it and makes use of it. It is very prevalent that students were affected by social

media and it was increasing day by day.

Challenges faced by students due to social media

1. One of the most common challenges faced by everyone is being addicted to

social media. More than half of the respondents feel that addiction to social

media really does affect the students and it does distract their studies.

2. Students spent more time on the online social network than they spent for their

studies. The researcher also finds that most of the respondents spent more than

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three to six hours daily in social media and sometimes they sit late night or get

up early in the morning just to engage in social media.

3. Majority of the respondents reported that they did not find satisfaction when

they use social media and they give different opinion on why they did not get

satisfaction. Many of the respondents reported that they were getting wrong

information and they cannot rely much on the information they get. Some also

suggested that social media is just for a time pass and no limit time spent in

social media.

4. 76 per cent of the respondents have accepted that staying offline for long

hours disturbs their psychology and much opinion has been shared by the

respondents. Some of the reason shared by the respondents were like they

could not help themselves to think about being staying long without getting

online, to check messages, and eager to check the new post, like or comments

that were updated, not being able to communicate with friends.

5. Majority of the respondents accepted that they become frustrated and angry

when a social networking site goes down or was unavailable. This is because

they are very much connected and addicted to social media that they feel

incomplete it they did not visit frequently. So, the mentally is always

embedded towards social media.

6. Majority of the respondents also claimed that social media also effects their

health and their emotional well-being.

7. Majority of the respondents also said that it contribute negatively to the

personal life as they don’t know how to make use of the time and could not

make use for effective purposes.

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To examine the relationship between the use of social media and academic

performance

1. Many of the respondents who engaged in social media feel that they can

improve their academic performance because it can help them in doing their

assignment or to supplement their works as well. Though, it can be seen that

many respondents are not aware of the educational sites available for

educational purposes. They tried their best to gather information and gained

some knowledge from social media by getting themselves updated with the

things that were happening around. As we all know that social media is a

source of knowledge it can help in the students in their learning process.

2. 80 per cent of the students find difference in their grades after they engaged

in social media which shows that social media has a significant effect on the

student’s academic performance and it makes a difference on the student’s

academic life as well. In the present research, more than half of the

respondents find that their academic performance has lowered down due to

unlimited engagement in the online social media sites. And this is because of

the constant engagement on the online network like those available for

entertainment.

3. In the teaching and learning activities, social media was seen to be very

significant and it has a positive effect if it was used wisely and purposefully.

Based on the analysis and findings, many respondents feel that social media

was very helpful in educational life of the students. The researcher also finds

that the students can perform much better in their studies in the absence of

social media as they can have a free mind and free thinking and they could

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concentrate more on their studies instead of wasting their time in social

media.

To find out the gender difference on the usage of social media

Based on the analysis and findings of the chart, it has been shown that there was

no significance difference in the using of social media based on gender as there

was no restriction on using social media and it is open to anyone who interests.

And social media was not something which limits itself to only a group of

people; it includes everyone from all ages. So, there has been no significant

difference in usages of social media.

5.4 Recommendation

After analyzing and listing down the findings, it is found that students are very

much influences and affected by social media especially in their academic

performance. The students in Don Bosco Higher Secondary School have shared

many of their opinion with regards to the topic and it was helping the researcher

in fulfilling the needs.

Therefore, the below are a few suggestions and recommendation recommended

by the researcher in order to bring some kind of ideas and view point to enhance

their studies by making use of opportunities that are provided by social media

and this can also divert the unproductive use in to useful learning experiences.

1 The students should create a balance between chit-chatting and academic

activities. It should be known that using social media is beneficial but should

be used in limited way without getting addicted.

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2 There should be a decrease in the number of time spent by students when

surfing the net.

3 Students should be educated on the influence of Social media on the

academic performance.

4 Students should be monitored by teachers and parents on how they use these

sites.

5 Teachers should ensure they use the social media as a tool to improve the

academic performance of students in schools.

6 The impact of social media on the academic performance of students should

focus more on the positive side than on the negative side to achieve balance.

7 The use of social media by students should focus on the academic relevance

of those sites instead of using them for negative purposes.

8 As social media has become the part and parcel of the student’s lives it will

be wrong to suggest them not to use it. Everyone is developing a close

connection with social media and there is no possibility in stopping someone

from using it. Therefore, what is more important is to guide them on how to

use in a constructive way.

9 It is important to put priorities in a student’s life like being a student’s it is

expected that they focus on their subjects and study and get good results. So,

it is important that they fix a reasonable time limit for engaging in social

media like in a day or a week in order to make sure that they also have kept

a time to study or a set time for the study hour.

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10 Social media could be used wisely for academic purposes, for sharing of

class room activities and information among the teachers and students.

Students can use social media platforms to share ideas and insights among

themselves.

11 Students have to be careful with the numerous apps which are available in

social media as most of them are time consuming. One needs to be watchful

not to install the useless apps for like games.

12 In facebook, there is a forum for a page which is an application that allows

one to add a discussion broad to facebook page. It can be a useful tool for

students when an individual or a group who wants to have a discussion or to

get the opinion of a larger crowed about an issue- academic, social or of

anything. This will help the students in collecting information with relevant

topic of discussion and debates which will be useful for their assignments,

presentations etc.

13 Social media should no longer has to be an obstacle to students and their

studies, instead it should be used in helping students create and manage a

study community, and make use of study time, and find new resources to

help them learn and retain knowledge.

14 Social media tools can help keep course information organized and

accessible by using different apps which are available for sharing resources

like Pinterest, Google Drive, Box, or Drop box to study material and Google

docs gather should be used as team projects, and it can make keeping

organized and sharing notes much easier.

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15 Students can also start a book discussion club where they can share their

interest with teachers and students from different institutions. In this way,

students can get academic support from their classmates and also

information about academic enrichment opportunities. Students can also

organize study groups which will encourage interaction and cooperation

among classmates.

16 It is believed that the coming generation professionals will used social media

in their daily lives and approach their academic and social lives way

differently than their predecessors and therefore there is urgent need for

companies to try and accommodate these mediums in the corporate

environment in a manner that can help to create and nurture new

opportunities for the next generation.

17 Students should consider all the pros and cons of social media and it is

necessary to develop certain regulations over the use of such social

networking sites and they should get the choice to spend time socializing in

an effective time they want to spend on social media. It is left up to the

students to decide way. Social media should not hamper their academic

performance.

18 Students should develop the cognitive and intuitive ability to analyze how

much what really matters in their life and how much of this virtual life

translates to real life.

19 The teachers should also help the students on how to make used of social

media and also tell them the advantages and disadvantages of social media

so that they can be aware of what to do and what not to do.

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20 The importance of social media should be known by both the teachers and

the students to make the teaching and learning more effective and for these

both have a strong role to play in engaging in social media sites.

5.5 Suggestions for Further Studies

This study serves as a basis for further research study on Social media and the

academic performance of students. Similar studies should be conducted so as to bring

about improvement in the academic performance of students through the use of

Social media networks and to create more pages for research and academic activities,

thereby avoiding distraction which leads to deviation from their academic works.

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Conclusion

The new trends of social media have captured the attention of the people all around

the world especially the youth and the students in the form of social networking sites

are of importance to discussed and analyze. The research was an attempt to examine

the effects of social media on the academic performance of the students on Don

Bosco Higher Secondary School. The researcher has found that though a number of

students make use of social media in a useful manner as a medium of communication

and source of knowledge, a good number of them used it to for fun, and

entertainment which does not contribute much to them. While the former spent their

time meaningfully without affecting their studies, the latter used a lot in wasting their

time and it also does affect their studies at times.

This research study has explored and exposed some few guidelines on how to make

social media an effective tool for leaning and enriching experiences and also how to

make use of different apps as teaching-learning tool, since it is the interest of the

young students and has the capacity to be an interesting tool of education. The results

of the study shown that student’s involvement in social media has both positive and

negative outcome based on how they used. The researcher wanted to clarify that

technology does not lessen the student’s abilities to learn but rather it help them to

learn different abilities which they have never known before. Today, as we can see

development happens due to technology and social media so, making use of social

media for good and positive purposes will enable to the road of progress.

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APPENDIX -1

Dear Respondents,

I, Miss Ching Nun Hoih, pursuing MSW final year in Assam Don Bosco University
have been conducting a research on the title “A study on the Effects of Social Media
among the Higher Secondary Students (14 To 18 Years): A case of Don Bosco
Hr. Sec School on their Academic Performance in Churachandpur District,
Manipur”. I need you to fill up this questionnaire as per your honest opinion. Your
cooperation will be highly appreciated.

Questionnaire

Section A

Demographic Profile

1)Name of Respondent:
____________________________________________________

2) Age : ____________________________________

3) Sex: ____________________________________

4) Stream: ____________________________________

Section B

How student usages of social media influence Academic performance?

1) What influence you to used social media initially?


a. Friends
b. To gather information
c. Entertainment
d. Other reason

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2) Does using social media (e.g. facebook, watsapp, youtube, instragram etc) out
of time effects your studies negatively?

a) Yes b) No

3) Do you think engaging in social media improved your academic performance?

a) Yes b) No

4) Do you use social media for spreading knowledge and information to your
classmate?

a) Yes b) No

5) Do you referred to the information given by social media to do your


assignment?

a) Yes b) No

How student’s addictiveness to social media effect their academic performance?

6) Do you think addiction to social media is problematic to academic life?

a) Yes b) No

7) Did online social network distract your studies?

a) Yes b) No

8) Do you spent more time online than you spent for your studies?

a) Yes b) No

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9) How many hours do you spent in social media network per day?

a. Below one hour


b. One to three hour
c. Three to six hours
d. Six hour and above
10) Is there any difference in your grades after you engaged in social media?

a) Yes b) No

11) Is it higher or lower?

___________________________________________________________

How student utilize social media for academic performance?

12) Do you use educational sites in social media for doing your academic work?

a) Yes b) No

13) Do you use social media network to discuss educational work?

a) Yes b) No

14) What kind of effect do you think social network have on teaching and
learning?

a. Very negative
b. Negative
c. Very Positive

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d. Positive

15) How often do you use social media in an educational capacity?

a. Never
b. Rarely
c. Often

16) Do you think social media helpful in educational life?

a. Very helpful
b. Helpful
c. Not helpful
d. Don’t know

What are the challenges faced by the students by using social media?
17) Do you use social media to kill the time?

a) Yes b) No
18) Have you ever stay up late or get up early to spend more time on social
networking sites?

a) Yes b) No
19) Have you ever ignored your responsibility like homework or chores because
of social networking sites?

a) Yes b) No

20) Do you visit social media with specific purpose?

a) Yes b) No

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21) Do you find satisfaction when you use social media?

a) Yes b) No

22) If yes. Why?

23) If no. Why?

24) Do you think staying offline for long hours disturb your psychology?

a) Yes b) No

25) If yes. How?

26) Do you avoid studying when you chat with friends?

a) Yes b) No

27) Do you think you can perform better if you stop using social media?

a) Yes b) No

28) Do you become frustrated or angry when a social networking sites goes down
or unavailable?

a) Yes b) No

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29) Did social media affect your spelling when writing examination as well as
your English language negatively?

a) Yes b) No

Is there a gender difference in the usage of social media?

30) Do you think there is difference in the usage of social media among male and
female?

a) Yes b) No

31) If yes. Mention who uses more

32) Any further comment

QUALITATIVE QUESTIONS

1. What do you like the most in social media? Why?


…………………………………………………………………………………
…………………………………………………………………………………
…………………………………………………………………………………
…………………………………………………………………………………
……………………
2. How is social media contributing to your life as a student?
…………………………………………………………………………………
…………………………………………………………………………………

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…………………………………………………………………………………
…………………………………………………………………………………
……………………
3. How does social media helps or effects your academic life?
…………………………………………………………………………………
…………………………………………………………………………………
…………………………………………………………………………………
…………………………………………………………………………………
……………………
4. How does it affect your personal life?
…………………………………………………………………………………
…………………………………………………………………………………
…………………………………………………………………………………
…………………………………………………………………………………
……………………
5. According to you, can social media be use as a teaching-learning tool?
…………………………………………………………………………………
…………………………………………………………………………………
…………………………………………………………………………………
…………………………………………………………………………………
……………………
6. What is your advice towards your friends and to the younger generation who
is using social media?
…………………………………………………………………………………
…………………………………………………………………………………
…………………………………………………………………………………
…………………………………………………………………………………
……………………

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APPENDIX -2

QUESTIONS OF FOCUS GROUP DISCUSSION

For students
1. What is social media, according to you?
2. Why do you engage in social media?
3. Do you think being addictiveness to social media affect the academic
performance as a students?
4. How students utilize social media for academic purposes?
5. What are the challenges faced by students by using social media?
6. Is there a gender difference in the usage of social media?
7. Does visiting educational sites in social media helps in learning or does it
gives wrong information?

For teachers
1. For learning and teaching purpose is social media useful to you?
2. Did you make used of the educational sites in social media to supplement your
knowledge?
3. What is your opinion of students using social media?
4. How do you suggest student’s engagement in social media?
5. Is there any a negative change or differences in the grades of students due to
exposing to social media?

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