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## RELATIONS SHAPES AND SPACE

m n
1 a a  a
m n
1 Area of trapezium =
1
× sum of parallel sides × height
2
mn
2 a a  a
m n

## 2 Circumference of circle = d  2r

3 (a )  a
m n mn
3 Area of circle = r 2
1 1  d  b
4 A   
ad  bc   c a  4 Curved surface area of cylinder = 2rh

n( A)
5 P ( A)  5 Surface area of sphere = 4r 2
nS 
6 Volume of right prism = cross sectional area × length
6 P( A' )  1  P( A)
7 Volume of cylinder = r 2h
7 Distance  ( x2  x1 ) 2  ( y2  y1 ) 2
1 2
8 Volume of cone = r h
3
 x  x2 y1  y2 
8 Midpoint, ( x, y)   1 , 
 2 2  4 3
9 Volume of sphere = r
3
distance travelled
9 Average speed =
time taken 1
10 Volume of right pyramid =  base area × height
3
sum of data
10 Mean =
number of data 11 Sum of interior angles of a polygon = (n – 2) × 180o

## sum (midpoint  frequency)

11 Mean  12
arc length

angle subtendedat center
sum of frequencies circumfere nce of circle 360 o

## 12 Pythagoras Theorem : c 2  a 2  b 2 area of sector angle subtendedat centre

13 
area of circle 360 o
y2  y1
13 m 
x2  x1 PA'
14 Scale factor, k =
PA
y  int ercept
14 m  
x  int ercept 15 Area of image = k2 × area of object