Вы находитесь на странице: 1из 15

PROJECT VCM Piping Replacement 10”

Rev.A
CONTRACTOR CCK Engineering & Construction Co.,Ltd. Date:29.11.18
CLIENT VINYTHAI PUBLIC COMPANY LIMITED
PROJECT VCM Piping Replacement 10”
Rev.A
CONTRACTOR CCK Engineering & Construction Co.,Ltd. Date:29.11.18
CLIENT VINYTHAI PUBLIC COMPANY LIMITED

Contents
2. DESIGN 3

2. DESIGN LOAD AND LOADING COMBINATION 5

3. OTHER REQUIREMENTS 13

4. CALCULATION 15
PROJECT VCM Piping Replacement 10”
Rev.A
CONTRACTOR CCK Engineering & Construction Co.,Ltd. Date:29.11.18
CLIENT VINYTHAI PUBLIC COMPANY LIMITED

2. .... DESIGN
1.1 Title

1.1.1 The steel structure calculated here after is for Pipe Bridge
1.1.2 The calculation consider only steel structure because owner do not have information for
existing sizing of foundation, therefor the calculation do not consider existing foundation.
1.1.3 The loading for design steel structure base on Job D-128 Everest Project

1.2 Type of structure

Steel structure.

1.3 Engineering specification for design as followings

B173840-023-EDG-901 Civil loading design criteria.

B173840-023-EDG-903 Architectural design guide.

B173840-023-EDG-904 Structural steel design guide.

B173840-023-EDG-907 Roads, paving surfacing and fencing design guide.

B173840-023-EDG-908 Reinforced concrete design guide.

B173840-023-EDG-909 Piling design guide.

1.4 Codes and standards

• Foundation and Concrete Structure

ACI 318-95 American Concrete Institute.;

Building code requirements for reinforced concrete.

ASCE 7-115 American Society oft—FoirrrigiFteen-0.;

Minimum design loads for buildings and other structure.

DIN 4024 German institute for standardization ;


Machine foundation.

ACI 349-85 American Concrete Institute.;

Code requirements for nuclear safety related concrete structures

Appendix B : Steel embedment.

.
PROJECT VCM Piping Replacement 10”
Rev.A
CONTRACTOR CCK Engineering & Construction Co.,Ltd. Date:29.11.18
CLIENT VINYTHAI PUBLIC COMPANY LIMITED

• Structure Steel
AISC -1989 American Institute of Steel Construction . ;

Manual of steel construction, Allowable stress design

ASCE 7-05 American Society of Civil Engineering .;

Minimum design loads for buildings and other structure.


AWS American Welding Society .

ANSI American National Standard Institute.

1.5 Materials
• Concrete

Compressive strength of concrete at 28 days be cylinder test shall be as followings :

o 110 ksc Lean concrete.


o 300 ksc Building and structure.

• Reinforcing steel bar

o Deformed bar conforming to TIS 24-2527 SD 40 (fy = 4,000 ksc)


o Round bar conforming to TIS 20 (fy = 2,400 ksc)

• Structural steel

o For H- shape steel JIS G3101 SS400 fy = 2,400 ksc


o For Angle and Channel JIS 116 Fe 24 fy = 2,400 ksc
o Plate JIS G3101 SS400 fy = 2,400 ksc

• Anchor bolt ASTM A307 or equivalent

• High `strength bolt' ASTM A325 or equivalent

• Common bolt ASTM A307 or equivalent


PROJECT VCM Piping Replacement 10”
Rev.A
CONTRACTOR CCK Engineering & Construction Co.,Ltd. Date:29.11.18
CLIENT VINYTHAI PUBLIC COMPANY LIMITED

2. .... DESIGN LOAD AND LOADING COMBINATION

2.1 Earthquake load

Not applicable.

2.2 Wind load (WL)

Basic wind speed and velocity pressure of wind:

(A) Basic wind speed (V) : 38 rn/sec

(B) Exposure zone C

(C) Importance factor (I) : 1.15

• The velocity pressure (qz) shall be calculated from the following equations refer to.

qz 0.613 x Kz x Kzt x Kd x V2x I ASCE 7-05. Equation 6-15

Where, qz = Velocity pressure evaluated at height z above ground.


Kz Velocity pressure coefficient evaluated at height z above ground table
6-3 of ASCE7-05, for Category C exposure.
Kzt = Topographic factor shall be taken as 1.0.
Kd = Wind directionality factor define section 6.5.4.4 ASCE 7-05.
V Basic wind speed = 38 m/s.
Importance factor = 1.15

• Wind pressure (p) and Forces (F)


The basic wind speed to be used for structure analysis and structural design shall be 38 m/s.
p = (qz x GCp) - (qh x GCpi) : For building all heights.
or F = qz x GCf x Af For open buildings and other structures.
Where, qz = Windward wall velocity pressure evaluated at height z above ground.
qh = Leeward wall velocity pressure evaluated at mean roof height.
Gust effect factor, reference to section 6.5.8 of ASCE7-05.
Cp = External pressure coefficient, Figure 6-6 or 6-8 of ASCE 7-05.
GCpi = Internal pressure coefficients for Buildings, Figure 6-5 of ASCE 7-05.
Cf = Force coefficients, Table 6-6 through Table 6-10 of ASCE 7-05.
Af = Projection area normal to wind except Cf is given for surface area.
PROJECT VCM Piping Replacement 10”
Rev.A
CONTRACTOR CCK Engineering & Construction Co.,Ltd. Date:29.11.18
CLIENT VINYTHAI PUBLIC COMPANY LIMITED

: The velocity pressure of wind at various heights is as follows:

Height Velocity pressure (qz) Velocity pressure (1(z)


above ground level of wind v=38m/sec Exposure Cofficients
(m) (kg/m2) (Zone C)

0-4.6 75 0.85

6.1 80 0.90

7.6 83 0.94

9.1 86 0.98

12.2 92 1.04

15.2 96 1.09

18.3 100 1.13

21.3 103 1.17

24.3 107 1.21

27.4 109 1.24

30.5 111 1.26

36.6 116 1.31

42.6 120 1.36

48.7 123 1.39

54.8 126 1.43

2.3 Dead load

• Body load of structure (BL)

Body load shall mean the total selfweight of the structure, and/ or foundations.

• Dead load (DL)

Dead load shall mean all materials permanently attached thereto or supported thereby.

2.4 Imposed load

• Imposed equipment operating load (EQ(Opt))

Calculated from actual civil loading information or equipment loading data.


PROJECT VCM Piping Replacement 10”
Rev.A
CONTRACTOR CCK Engineering & Construction Co.,Ltd. Date:29.11.18
CLIENT VINYTHAI PUBLIC COMPANY LIMITED

• Imposed equipment empty load (EQ(Emp))


Calculated from actual civil loading information or equipment loading data.
• Imposed equipment test load (EQ(Test))

Calculated from actual civil loading information or equipment loading data.

• Imposed piping operating load (P(Opt))

- For piperacks down to and including 12 inch pipe diameter.


Vertical load : 250 kg/m2 (min.)

- Pipe larger than 12 inch diameter shall be considered as concentrated loads in their actual
location.

• Imposed piping empty load (P(Emp))

- For piperacks down to and including 12 inch pipe diameter.


Vertical load : 50 kg/m2 (max.)

- Pipe larger than 12 inch diameter shall be considered as concentrated loads in their actual
location.

• Imposed piping test load (P(Test))

- Vertical test load on structures or piperacks supporting up to four pipes must be taken as
the total weight of water in all pipes.

- Vertical test load on structures or piperacks supporting more than four pipes must be
designed with 50% of pipes full of water apply to produce maximum stress.

• Pipe anchor force (due to thermal) (AF)

Horizontal forces in the direction of the pipe ;


- Every main supporting girder shall withstand the anchor force minimum 1,000 kg.,
horizontally in the direction of the pipe. Force location shall apply at the most unfavourable
position, whichever results to a greater member size.

- For anchor bay of piperacks, the horizontal force shall be taken as the greater of ;
a) Anchor force from pipe stress calculation.
b) 10% of piping vertical loads from 4 bay length.

Horizontal forces at right angle with pipe ;


- 5% of the operating pipe loads at each concerned level.

• Pipe friction force (due to thermal) (T)

Horizontal forces in the direction of the pipe ;


- 10% of the sum of all operating vertical pipe loads acting longitudinally for 4 pipes or more.
- 30% of the operating vertical pipe loads acting longitudinally for less than 4 pipes.
PROJECT VCM Piping Replacement 10”
Rev.A
CONTRACTOR CCK Engineering & Construction Co.,Ltd. Date:29.11.18
CLIENT VINYTHAI PUBLIC COMPANY LIMITED
• Live load (LL)

Live load shall conform to following ;

Buildings
For buildings, imposed loads on floors shall be the actual loads when these are known, but in
any case shall not be less than the distributed loads given below or the minimum requirements imposed
by ASCE 7-05 ;

qk Qk(*)
Description
(kg/m2) (kg)

Offices, small laboratories 300 200

Control rooms, cleaning area light shelter 500 200

Substations, AMRA technical area 750 700

Transformers, rectifiers See guide drawing

Roofs with access for maintenance only 150 150

Warehouses (minimum if not given in guide drawing) 1,000 700

Sheeted roofs with access for maintenance only 75 -

Concrete roofs with access for maintenance only 150 -

Roofs used for access to equipment and subject to 250 500


temporary storage of equipment component

: All member shall be checked for an alternative point or concentrated load (Qk) to be
applied over a square of side 300 mm.
PROJECT VCM Piping Replacement 10”
Rev.A
CONTRACTOR CCK Engineering & Construction Co.,Ltd. Date:29.11.18
CLIENT VINYTHAI PUBLIC COMPANY LIMITED

Structures (except piperacks)


For structures (except piperacks), imposed loads on floor, platforms and framing in structures shall
not be less than the distributed and point loads given below ;

qk Qk(*)
Description
(kg/m2) (kg)

Steel floor plates (Chequered plate and open grid flooring) 400 500

Load allowance for process pipe works 100 -

Elevated concrete floor slabs without machine circulation


500 100
(except centrifuge building)

Elevated concrete floor slabs (*) (*)

Minor platforms, walkways and floors used for access only 150 250

Platform attached to vessels 250 250

Floors, plates, platforms subjected to temporary storage of


500 500
heavy equipment components

Roofs used as platforms around equipment (slope < 10%) 150 -

Roofs with access for maintenance only 150 150

Stairways (**) 500 200

Handrails (horizontal loads) 100


Electrical/Instrument cable trays (per 400 mm. tray width)
: For cables 80 kg/m
: For weight of 1 man if applicable 70 kg/m
: Selfweight and support of cable tray 20 kg/m

Ladders 200 kg/m 100

Ladder rungs - 90

: To be defined by EC in agreement with OWNER.


: For high stairways, it is not advisable to cumulate all these loads for structural steel and
foundation design.
: The beams in floors, platforms and walkways (excluding ground beams) shall be design for
a point load which is to be applied in worst position on the member
underconsideration for bending moment and for end reaction. This load is not to be taken as
cumulative to primary beams and stanchions.
PROJECT VCM Piping Replacement 10”
Rev.A
CONTRACTOR CCK Engineering & Construction Co.,Ltd. Date:29.11.18
CLIENT VINYTHAI PUBLIC COMPANY LIMITED

Bundle load (BD)

Horizontal equipment where bundles are pulled;


- The bundle force shall be taken as 30% of the weight of the bundle being pulled.

Vertical equipment where bundles are pulled ;


- For vertical mounted bundle the pulling force shall be 1.5 times the bundle weight or 1,000 kg.,
whichever is greater.

2.5 Loading combination

BL = Body load of structure


DL = Dead load
Eq (opt) = Imposed equipment operating load
Eq (emp) = Imposed equipment empty load
Eq (test) = Imposed equipment test load
P(opt) = Piping operate load
P(emp) = Piping empty load
LL Imposed live load
WL = Wind load
AF = Pipe anchor force load
Friction force load
BD = Bundle load
Earthquake load
PROJECT VCM Piping Replacement 10”
Rev.A
CONTRACTOR CCK Engineering & Construction Co.,Ltd. Date:29.11.18
CLIENT VINYTHAI PUBLIC COMPANY LIMITED

• Loading combination for "Serviceability design"

o Empty Erection

1. 0.84 BL + 0.84 DL + 0.8 EQ(Emp) + 0.8 P(Emp) + 0.474 WL

Note : (1.05/1.25 DL + '1/125 EQ(Emp) + 1/125 EVEMP) + lx0.772/1.25W1)

o Empty Normal Operate (Min) "Exclude Live Load"

2. 1.05 BL + 1.05 DL + EQ(Emp) + P(Emp) + BD

Note : (1.05DL + EQ(Eutp) + 12(brip) + 13D)

3. 0.50 BL+ 0.50 DL + 0.48 EQ(Emp) + 0.48 P(Emp) + 0.8 WL

Note : (1.050.6/1.25 DI: + 10.6/1.25 EQ(Emp) + 1x0.6/1.25 P(Op()+ 1/1.25WE)

o Test

4. 0.875 BL + 0.875 DL + 0.834 EQ(Test) + 0.834 P(Opt) + 0.417 LL* + 0.494 WL

Note : (1.05/1.20 DL + 1/1.20 EQ(rest) + 1/1.20 P(Opt) + 1x0.5/1.211. + 11-0.772/1.20 WO


* 0.834 LL For Piperacks

o Normal Operate (Max)

5. 1.05 BL + 1.05 DL + EQ(Opt) + P(Opt) + LL + T

6. 1.05 BL + 1.05 DL + EQ(Opt) + P(Opt) + LL + AF

Note : (1.050L + EQ(Opt) + P(Opt) + LL + 1)

7. 0.84 BL + 0.84 DL + 0.8 EQ(Opt) + 0.8 P(Opt) + 0.8 LL + 0.8AF + 0.8 WL

Note : (1.05/1.25 DE + 1/1,25 EQ(Op() + 1/1.25 P(0/71) + 1/1.251J, + 1/1.2.5 AP + 1/1,25WE)


PROJECT VCM Piping Replacement 10”
Rev.A
CONTRACTOR CCK Engineering & Construction Co.,Ltd. Date:29.11.18
CLIENT VINYTHAI PUBLIC COMPANY LIMITED

• Loading combination for "Strength design"

o Test

1. 1.103 BL + 1.103 DL + 1.05 EQ(Test) + 1.275 P(Opt) + 0.635 LL* + 0.756 WL

Note : (1.05x1.4/1.33 DL + 1.4/1.33 EQ(Test) + 1.7/1.33 P(Opt) + 1.7x0.5/1.33 LL + 1.7x0.772/1.33 WL)


*1.275 LL For Piperacks

2. 1.103 BL + 1.103 DL + 1.05 EQ(Test) + 1.275 P(Opt) + 0.756 WL

Note : (1.05x1.4/1.33 DL + 1.4/1.33 EQ(Test) + 1.7/1.33 P(Opt) + 1.7x0.772/1.33 WL)

o Empty Erection

3. 1.103 BL + 1.103 DL + 1.05 EQ(Emp) + 1.05 P(Emp) + 0.756 WL

Note : (1.05x:1.4/L33 DL + 1.4/1.33 EQ(Emp) + 1.4/1.33 P(Emp) + 1.7x0.772/1.33WL)

o Normal Operate (Max)

4. 1.47 BL + 1.47 DL + 1.7 EQ(Opt) + 1.7 P(Opt) + 1.7 LL + 1.7 T

5. 1.47 BL + 1.47 DL + 1.7 EQ(Opt) + 1.7 P(Opt) + 1.7 LL + 1.7 AF

Note : (1.05x1.4 DL + 1.7 EQ(Opt) + 1.7P(Opt) + 1.7 LL + 1.77)

6. 1.103 BL + 1.103 DL + 1.275 EQ(Opt) + 1.275 P(Opt) + 1.275 LL + 1.275 AF + 1.275 WL

Note : (1.05x1.4/1.33 DL + 1.4/1.33 EQ(Opt) + 1.7/1.33 P(Opt) + + 1.7/1.33 LL + 1.7/1.33 AF + 1.7/1.331NL)

7. 0.945 BL + 0.945 DL + 0.9 EQ(Opt) + 0.9 P(Opt) + 1.3 AF + 1.3 WL

Note : (0.9x1.05 DL + 0.9 EQ(Opt) + 0.9 P(Opt) + 1.3 AF + 1.3 WL)

o Empty Normal Operate (Min) "Exclude Live Load" 8.

1.47 BL + 1.47 DL + 1.4 EQ(Emp) + 1.4 P(Emp) + 1.7 BD Note :

(1.05x1.4DL + 1.4 EQ(Emp) + 1.4 P(Emp) +1.7 BD)

9. 1.47 BL + 1.47 DL + 1.4 EQ(Emp) + 1.4 P(Emp) + 1.7 T

Note : (1.05x1.4DL + 1.4 EQ(E nip) 1- 1.4 P(Emp) +1.77)

10. 0.945 BL+ 0.945 DL + 0.90 EQ(Emp) + 0.90 P(Emp) + 1.30 WL

Note : (0.9x1.05x1.4/1.33 DL + 0.9 EQ(Emp) + 0.9 P(Emp) + 1.3 WO


PROJECT VCM Piping Replacement 10”
Rev.A
CONTRACTOR CCK Engineering & Construction Co.,Ltd. Date:29.11.18
CLIENT VINYTHAI PUBLIC COMPANY LIMITED

3. ..... OTHER REQUIREMENTS

3.1 Friction coefficients

• Concrete to rack 0.60


• Concrete to soil 0.50
• Steel to concrett 0.45
• Steel to steel 0.30
• Teflon to teflon 0.10
• Lubrite (or similar) to steel 0.10

3.2 Allowance settlement of foundations

3.2.1 The average allowable uniform maximum settlement shall not exceed the following ;
Shall comply with the requirements of thailand national building regulations but shall not be
greater than:

A) Buildings
Short term Long term

: Light weight clad single 30 mm 100 mm


Storey buildings on ground
Bearing foundations.

: Reinforced concrete Frames with masonry infill 25 mm 80 mm


On ground bearing foundations.

B) Process plant
Short term Long term

: Ground bearing foundations. 25 mm 80 mm


: Piling foundations. 20 mm

Short ter InITIWI gettlemM.-ShrirT Term ttl et a-ritigre ore to be .etermined 'by test n
accordance with piling design guide.
Long term is consolidation settlement 1 to 10 years.

3.2.2 The maximum allowable differential settlement of foundations shall be limited to the
following ;

A) Buildings
Reinforced concrete structure with masonry infill, 0.001 to 0.002 L
single or two storey building on ground bearing
foundations.

Steel structure with light weight clad single 0.005 L


storey on ground bearing foundations.
Reinforced concrete building on ground 0.0025 to 0.004 L
bearing foundations.
PROJECT VCM Piping Replacement 10”
Rev.A
CONTRACTOR CCK Engineering & Construction Co.,Ltd. Date:29.11.18
CLIENT VINYTHAI PUBLIC COMPANY LIMITED

B) Process plant

Continuous steel structure framing system 0.002 L


on ground bearing foundations.
"L" denotes the distance between two adjacent columns or two any points showing a
differential settlement. lowest figures shall be adopted for most sensitive structures to
differential settlement.

3.3 Allowable deflections and deformations

• For steel structure

A) Lateral deflection
Maximum allowable lateral deflection of structural frames and buildings ;

0 Steel piperacks and Tee post support H / 200

0 Steel open process structure H / 300 And Ho / 500

0 Steel framed building H / 300 And Ho / 500

Where ; H and Ho are respectively (Height between levels) and (Total height of structure).

B) Beam deflection
Maximum allowable deflection of beam and under total vertical load shall be ;

0 Floor beam L / 300

0 Floor beam supporting equipments L / 500 and not exceed 30 mm.

0 Piperack and cable rack beams L / 200 Vertical


L / 300 Horizontal

0 Crane gantry girders L / 750 Vertical


L / 301TITOfibrititit

0 Runway beams L / 500 Vertical


L / 500 Horizontal
0 Roof purlins and wall girts L / 200 Vertical

where ; L is the length of the beam.

• For concrete structure


Structural members in reinforced concrete have in general to comply with section
9.5 of ACI 318-05. In case of beams supporting equipments, the vertical deflection of the beam
shall be limited to L / 500, where L is the length of the beam.
The maximum allowable lateral deflection of reinforced concrete frame with
masonry infill buildings shall be limited to Height / 500.
PROJECT VCM Piping Replacement 10”
Rev.A
CONTRACTOR CCK Engineering & Construction Co.,Ltd. Date:29.11.18
CLIENT VINYTHAI PUBLIC COMPANY LIMITED

4. ..... CALCULATION

4.1 STAAD PRO INPUT AND OUTPUT

Please see attachment on next pages.