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The Role of the Vowels in Personal Pronouns

of the 1st Person Singular


Joannes Richter

Abstract
The ancient people of Harran and Ur worshiped 7 so-called “planets”, which at the end of the
Roman empire have been encoded in the Names of the days of the week: the Sunday (Sun), Monday
(Moon), Tuesday (Mars, Tiw), Wednesday (Mercury, Wodan), Thursday (Jupiter, Thor), Friday
(Venus, Freya) and Saturday (Saturn).
The vowels of the Greek alphabet (AIΩΟΥΗΕ) had been assigned to the “planets”, which may be
observed by the unarmed human eyes: Moon (A), Mercury (E), Venus (H), Sun (I), Mars (O),
Jupiter (Y), Saturn (Ω). The core of ancient words such as “Aiϝ” (“aiw”, “eternal”) may be
interpreted as “AIΩ” if ϝ is understood as a genuine digamma ϝ (“w”).
From the beginning the vowels (AIΩ, AIΩΟΥ, AIΩΟΥΗΕ) played an important role in religion,
philosophy and politics. In the course of time however a revolutionary movement may have
switched the ranking order for the symbolic priority of the planetary gods and the corresponding
vowels. This is what happened to the I (the sun) and the A (the moon), which resulted in the
generation of other words (IAΩ, IAΩΟΥ, IAΩΟΥΗΕ) such as jak (“I”) and jarl (“earl”).
In central Europe an archaic planetary observation platform (the Parc “La Mutta”) in the
neighborhood of Chur has been found, which may have played a role in observing the same planets
as in Harran and Ur. The attributing the seven “planets” with the vowels IAΩΟΥΗΕ has been
spread to Europe by trading routes.
The city of Chur is also known for an anomaly of vowel variants in the personal pronouns of the
first person singular, varying within a few dozen of kilometers from (eastwards) IAΩ to
(westwards) IEΩ, and (southwards) IOΩ or IYΩ, etc.
These vowel conventions even extend their activity in transitions (eastwards) IAΩ → the Slavic
ego-pronoun “ja”, (westwards) IEΩ → the French ego-pronoun “je” and (southwards) IOΩ → the
Italian & Spanish ego-pronoun “io”/”yo”. A controlled distribution of these vowels from Chur to all
compass directions may have been controlled by the planetary observation platform “La Mutta”.
The assignment of a vowel to a region's ego-pronoun may define the vowel's planet as a dedicated
protector and guiding god for this region. The assignment of the vowel “E” to the western pronoun
“je” may have defined the planet Mercury as a special protector and guiding god for the west
region. The vowel “O” defines Mars as a protector for the south, “A” defines the Moon for the east
and eventually “H” defines Venus for the north.
Generally the larger the distance to Chur is growing the shorter the ego-pronouns will be until in
English only a single vowel is left: "I".
The role of the Moon god and the night time
From the beginning of history the vowels seemed to play a dominant role in religion, philosophy
and politics. Sometimes however a large shift in (r)evolutionary events may cause a sudden switch
in the ranking position of the fundamental symbols.
These kind of events may be named cataclysms or social earthquakes and should be considered to
have left some traceable markers in our languages. In this essay one of these markers is to be
documented.
The most revolutionary social earthquake probably occurred in the battle for supremacy between
the gods Moon and Sun, which both must have battled for dominance. Both the “planets” Moon and
the Sun might have been considered male, female or eventually neuter.
In some languages our dictionaries document the gender of the “planets” and usually the Moon and
Sun are attributed with opposite genders. In German the word “moon” is male and the word “sun” is
female, whereas in contrast the French word “le soleil” (“the sun”) is male and the French word “la
lune” (“the moon”) is female. This contrast may be extended to other languages (Spanish “el sol”
and “la luna”). The Greeks used Helios (m., the sun) and Selene (f., the moon) and Romans used
sol (m., the sun) and luna (f., the moon).
Additionally the Germanic peoples also preferred the night for their decisions and planning.
Ceremonial dates had been defined as “evening” or “night” ins tead of the “day”. This
resulted in names which are still in use: Christmas Eve, New Year's Eve, ...
Obviously the gender attributions for the Sun and Moon had been antipodes, which in the course of
linguistic evolution may have been reversed in the Germanic or Romance territories.
The astronomical centers of Harran and Ur had been known as the focus for professional
astronomical studies and religious symbolism, which resulted in their list of seven visible
“wandering stars” or “planets”, which had been used to define the European Names of the days of
the week:
Sunday (Sun), Monday (Moon), Tuesday (Mars, Tiw), Wednesday (Mercury, Wodan),
Thursday (Jupiter, Thor), Friday (Venus, Freya) and Saturday (Saturn).
The Sun, and the orbits of Earth and the planets, are all in or close to the plane of the ecliptic 1. In
this order we may see from the Earth: (1) Moon, (2) Mercury, (3) Venus, (4) Sun, (5) Mars, (6)
Jupiter, (7) Saturn. All the planets revolve around the Earth from West to East on their individual
orbits.

1 The ecliptic is the apparent path of the Sun in the sky throughout the year on the celestial sphere. Babylonian
astronomers recognized the rotation of constellations of stars along the zodiac circle (the ecliptic) (→ Ancient
Astronomical Terms)
These Chaldean “planets” had been given symbolic vowels, which corresponded to the distance
from the fixed stars.
• Saturn is the slowest and farthest of all planets and had been attributed with the vowel Ω
(/ou/).
• The Moon was the fastest and nearest of all planets and had been attributed with the vowel A
(/a/).
• The Sun is located at the center of the universe and had been attributed with the vowel I (/i/).
• The planets Jupiter (Y) and Mars (O) between the sun and Saturn have been considered as
legal children in Saturn's pedigree.
• The planets Mercury (E) and Venus (H) between the sun and the moon have been considered
as illegal children in Saturn's pedigree2.
There are other assignments for the vowels3, but the most common vowel definitions for the
sidereal cycles of the Chaldean planets4 are as follows5:

Planet Sidereal Cycle Day of the week Greek Latin


1 Moon 29.5 days Monday A , α A, a
2 Mercury 88 days Wednesday E , ε E, e
3 Venus 224.7 days Friday H , η H-AE
4 Sun 365.25 days Sunday I , ι I, i
5 Mars 687.1 days Tuesday O , ο O, o
6 Jupiter 12 years Thursday Υ , υ U, u
7 Saturn 29.5 years Saturday Ω , ω OU, ō,

Table 1: The sidereal cycles of the Chaldean planets

Ordering the seven “planets” for the days of the week according to their sidereal cycle results in:
Moon (A), Mercury (E), Venus (H), Sun (I), Mars (O), Jupiter (Y), Saturn (Ω).
Originally the number of vowels may have been restricted to three archaic vowels I, A and Ω,
which reduces the initial cosmic model to three deities:
Moon (A), Mercury, Venus, Sun (I), Mars, Jupiter, Saturn (Ω).

2 See Platon's Timaeus, which describes the harmonics of the planetary system
3 The Creation Legends of Hesiod and Ovid
4 Visible with an unarmed eye
5 A-Ω: Greek Vowels and the Chaldean Planets - Manly P. Hall (1901-1990) in his Secret Teachings of All Ages[8]
discusses the correspondences
The Moon Gods
Sīn or Nanna was the god of the moon in the Mesopotamian religions of Akkad, Assyria and
Babylonia. Nanna is a Sumerian deity, the son of Enlil and Ninlil, and became identified with the
Semitic Sīn. The two chief seats of Nanna's/Sīn's worship were Ur in the south of Mesopotamia and
Harran in the north. A moon god by the same name was also worshiped in South Arabia.
A late Arabic writer wrote of the Sabaeans that they had seven temples dedicated to the
seven planets, which they considered as intermediaries to be used in their relation to
God. Each of these temples had a characteristic geometric shape, a characteristic color,
and an image made of one of the seven metals. They had two sects, star and idol
worshipers, and the former doctrine was similar to one that come from Hermes
Trismegistus.[25] 6

Probably the Germanic people also considered the Moon God as a dominant deity, which had to be
preferred for decisions, law and order. Their preference for assemblies at full moon has been
documented in Tacitus' Germania:
They assemble, except in the case of a sudden emergency, on certain fixed days, either
at new or at full moon; for this they consider the most auspicious season for the
transaction of business. Instead of reckoning by days as we do, they reckon by nights,
and in this manner fix both their ordinary and their legal appointments. Night they
regard as bringing on day.7.

A male sun (Sol) and a female Moon goddess (Luna) had been instituted by the Greeks and
Romans. According to Varro (L. 5.74) the cult of Sun and Moon belonged to the oldest Roman
institutions8.
This essay concentrates on the planets Moon (“A”) and Sun (“I”) and the vowel words in which the
letter “I” or “A” has been positioned at the beginning.
Examples for runic words with an initial letter A as a symbol for the priority of the lunar god and a
second letter I for the solar god are ai (“great-grandfather”), aiϝikr (“eternal”), aiki (“own”) and
ain (“one”, “unique”).
Examples for runic words with an initial letter I or J as a symbol for the priority of the solar god and
a second letter A for the lunar god are jak (“I”) and jarl (“earl”).
The word IAΩ (“iaw”), which has been composed from the three symbols I,A,Ω for the planets
sun, moon and Saturn also may have been used for the (usually) 3-letter-words of the personal
pronouns “I” for the first person singular.

6 Religious practices
7 Germania (1876), translated by Alfred John Church and William Jackson Brodribb
8 Sol invictus
The center of IAU, IEU and IOU-cores around Chur (Switerland)
The shortest words seemed to be the most ancient and most important cores in the Danish and
English vocabulary. The ego-pronouns tended to be vowels “Y” and “I” in English and “æ” in
Danish and Norse dialects. At my recent visit in Norway I discussed this theme with a number of
the Norse population and they confirmed æ was a quite common ego-pronoun. The short words
however seem to prevail in the harbors and along the shorelines of the seas. In contrast the longest
ego-pronouns may be found in mountainous Alpine territory, in which the original words may
survive rough conditions by hiding behind the mountains.

Chur as the European astronomical observation version of Ur


In Chur (reputedly the oldest town of Switzerland and located in the Grisonian Rhine Valley) at the
center of the Alpes and in the French Provence a great abundant variety of the ego-pronouns is
found.9 The variety covers jau, iéu, iòu, eu - sometimes accompanied by a divine name Diéu or
Diòu respectively Deu.
I remembered to have visited Switzerland and visited the planetary observation platform (the Parc
“La Mutta”) in the neighborhood of Chur10. In Chur I found several pronouns, which each directed
in dedicated planetary directions: (ih to the north,) iou to the south, jau to the east and ieu to the
west. More details have been listed in appendix 2 11.
The planetary observation platform “La Mutta” looked like a small European version of the
university of Harran and instead of defining vowels for the planets the inhabitants of Chur may have
defined different personal pronouns: (ih,) iou, jau, ieu for their valleys.

Fig. 1: Map of the etymological Æ- and I*U-poles


(from: The Etymological Fieldlines - Published: 04/08/2012 )

9 The Etymological Fieldlines


10 Tagebuchfragmente: Eine Reise in Die Schweiz (2011)
11 The diary report of my visit in the Parc “La Mutta” will be added in the appendix 2.
The common source for the Jauer, Jower, Jewer and Iher dialects

The Jauers dialect


The language in the valley using “jau” as an ego-pronoun is named Jauer dialect and the
people are named Jauers. Jauer is usually not written; the written standard in Val
Müstair is traditionally named Vallader. Jauer is occasionally written and in 2007, a
collection of short stories written in Jauer (“Dschon Uein id atras istorias grischunas”)
was published.

As with other Romansh speakers, virtually all speakers of Jauer with the exception of
children below school-age are also proficient in both Swiss German and Swiss Standard
German. Additionally, many people in Val Müstair also speak Bavarian German as a
second language due to contacts with neighboring South Tyrol.12

The center of the Jauer, Jower, Jewer and Iher dialects


Of course I studied the possibility of iau as a core of Dyaus, the PIE-sky-god.
• The “jau”-pronoun is found in the southeast, which also directs to the Slavic territories
where the personal pronoun is “ja”.
• The “jow”-pronoun is found in the southwest, which also directs to the Italian territories
where the personal pronoun is “iou” and io”.
• The “je”- and “ew”-pronoun is found in the southwest, which also directs to the French
territories where the personal pronoun is “je” and “ieu”.
• The “e:”-pronoun is found in the southwest, which also directs to the German territories
where the personal pronoun is “ih” and “i”.
It looks like the jau, ieu, iou and ih-pronouns share a common source for the Jauer, Jower, Jewer
and Iher dialects:....

Fig. 2: Pronunciation of eu ('I') in the dialects of the Lower Engadine and the Val Müstair, as
attested in 1962.
Published by Panda17 and licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 Unported

12 Source: Jauer
Travelogue - “The Romansh dialect”
On a holiday trip in 201113, which also had been chosen to analyze the background of the
mysterious vowel structures of the personal pronouns, we followed the Rhine valley deep
into the Swiss Alpine territories near Chur. The following description is quoted from my
diary of the holiday trip at the 14 th of September 2011 (the more detailed report is found in
appendix 3).
Initially the Rhine valley allowed us to travel on an uncomplicated broad track. At Chur however
the Rhine did split up in two arms, named Vorderrhein and Hinterrhein, which each have carved
their own valleys in mountains with very steep flanks. In this region named Grisons (Graubünden)
the people speak Romansh.

The Hinterrhein valley


The Hinterrhein is heading southward up to the gorge name “Via mala” (“bad road”) just before
Thusis and the San Bernadinopass to Italy. In the region Hinterrhein the people speak Sutselvisch,
which is characterized by the ego-pronoun “jou”.
East of this region (towards the Juliapass) the people speak Surmeirisch which is characterized by
the ego-pronoun “ja”. Thís pronoun “ja” is cognate to the neighboring “jau” of the Vallader-dialect
in the easternmost canton Engadin (lit.: Valley of the Inn people) of Switzerland. In this region we
may find the river Inn (Romansh: En).
Between Surmeirisch and Vallader we may find the Putér-dialect with an ego-pronoun „eau“, which
also represents a transit between „ja“ and “jau”.

The Vorderrhein valley


In contrast to these regions the Vorderrhein valley is heading to the west, where another gorge
blocks the route. This gorge is name the Rheinschlucht (Ruinaulta14). A few thousand years ago this
gorge has been blocked by a large landslide blocked the river until the Rhine carved a new valley.
In this region the people speak Surselvic, which is characterized by an ego-pronoun "jeu".

Summary of the vowel distribution Jeu, Jau, Jou


In a summary we man simplify the composition of the ego-pronouns around Chur by stating that:
1. at the westside of Chur the ego-pronouns tend to "jeu",
2. at the southside of Chur the ego-pronouns tend to "jou",
3. at the eastside of Chur the ego-pronouns tend to "jau",
The people who use the pronoun "jau" are named „Jauer“ („Jau“-sayer). Additionally we may find
some families who name themselves as a family „Jauers“15.
It is a remarkable fact that the ego-pronouns tend to extend their validity on a very large scale. From
the center Chur the ego-pronouns seem to extend their territory:
• to the west as the French “je”, in which they loose a trailing vowel “u”.
• to the south as the Italian/Spanish “io”, in which they loose a trailing vowel “u”.
• to the east as the Slavic pronoun “ja”, in which they also loose a trailing vowel “u”.

13 Appendix 3 - 14 September 2011 – The Romansh dialect


14 Large pile of stones (Hoher Steinhaufen)
15 Jauers or other spellings of this name - Jawor - Family History
Generally the larger the distance to Chur is growing the shorter the ego-pronouns will be until in
English only a single vowel is left: "I".
The “Ego”-Pronouns from Wikipedia's entry “Romansh”
Aside from the five major dialects Sursilvan (jeu), Sutsilvan (jou), Surmiran (ja), Putèr
(eau), Vallader (eu) two additional varieties are often distinguished.
One is the dialect Jauer (jau) of the Val Müstair, which is closely related to Vallader (eu).
Less commonly distinguished is the dialect Tuatschin of Tujetsch and the Val Medel.
Additionally, the standardized variety Rumantsch Grischun, intended for pan-regional use, was
introduced in 1982.
From the Wikipedia's page Romansh I composed an overview table, which also lists some available links to
neighboring languages:

District group Language / Dialect Ego- ↔


pronoun
English I
Romansh Rhenish west Sursilvan jeu
Romansh Central cen- Sutsilvan jou
Romansh tral Surmiran ja
east Putèr eau Bregaglia
Ladin - Engadinese Vallader eu Jauer
Standardized Rumantsch Grischun jau
version
Val Müstair Jauer jau Vallader
Surselva Tujetsch west Tuatschin jeu (?)
Region (Thiuesch) (scripture: Sursilvan)
Val Medel
South Tyrol Ladin Gardenese16 (Gherdëina) ie
Ladin Nones language- mi
(Non Valley)
Val Bregaglia variety of east Putèr
Lombard
Latin ego
Italian io
Romanian eu
German ich
Table 2:“Ego”-Pronouns - composed from Wikipedia's page Rätoromanisch (Romansh language)

16 The form of the Ladin language spoken in this valley is called Gardenese in Italian, Grödnerisch in German and
Gherdëina in Ladin.
The distribution of European languages
I documented the relevant data and dialects in Google maps “In the megalith site, named Parc “La
Mutta” in Falera” and assigned the entries for the ego-pronoun to the specified towns in the map
labeled “Pronunciation of eu ('I') in the dialects of the Lower Engadine and the Val Müstair, as
attested in 1962.”.
The core section largely follows the Inn-valley, which opens the road:
• northeast to Landeck (Inn) carrying the ego-pronoun “i(h)” [marked ”e:”] to the Germanic
territory with the Bavarian and Swabian dialect pronoun “i(h)”, in which the letter “H” may
be an optional filler.
• westward via Susch to Davos (and Geneva and France) carrying the ego-pronoun “ie(u)”
[marked ”je”] to the French territory with the pronoun “je”.
• southwestwards via Zernez (Inn) to Sankt Moritz (and → Milano) carrying the ego-pronoun
“io(u)” [marked ”jow”] to the Italian territory with the pronoun “io”.
• Southeastwards via Santa Maria (Münstertal) to Meran (Etsch-valley) carrying the ego-
pronoun “ia(u)” [marked ”jaw”] via Austria to the Slavic territory (with the pronoun “ja”).

Direction Ego- Town Destination


Pronoun
northeast e: i(h) Sent (Inn) Inn-valley (north) to Landeck (and → Germany)
northwest ew Lavin No distribution exit
westward je ie(u) Susch The road to Davos (and → Geneva → France)
southwest jow io(u) Zernez Inn-valley (south) to Sankt Moritz (and → Milano)
southeast jaw ia(u) Santa Maria Meran (Etsch-valley)
(Münstertal)
Table 3: The distribution of European languages – maybe coordinated from the Megalith Site (at
Falera near Chur )

Fig. 3: Distribution of European languages-maybe coordinated from the Megalith Site (Falera)
Source: In the megalith site, named Parc “La Mutta” in Falera
The westward route from Susch to Geneva (abbreviated from appendix 4)
At the time of our holiday trip I knew the mysterious vowel structures in the pronouns near
Chur, but I had not yet understood the similarity between the planetary observatories of “La
Mutta” in Falera” and Harran and Ur. This chapter has been included to explain the rather
long route from Susch to Geneva at the French borderline. We traveled this route by car, but
originally the traders may abbreviated the trip by using other passes.
A few days after we had visited the megalith site “La Mutta” in Falera” we traveled westward to the
French-spoken part of Switzerland. This trip started from our hotel at Flims at the gigantic gorge of
the Vorderrhein . The road then follows the spectacular Vorderrhein valley along the megalith site
Parc “La Mutta” in Falera” to Disentis (Mustér). The original name of Disentis was Monasterium
Dissertinensis (“monastery in the originally deserted valley”). The Benedictine monastery dates
back to 720 AD.

The Tujetsch-region
We followed the Rhine valley to Oberalp pass (2046m), where near Andermatt one of the Vorder-
Rhine's sources springs in the Tujetsch-region. Of course the name Tujetsch seems to be cognate to
the name “Deutsch” (“German”).

Tuatschin
The local Rumansch-dialect is named Tuatschin, but for scripture the dialect is named Sursilvan.
The Tomasee (2345 m) is considered as the source for the Hinterrhein. A fork junction is located at
Disentis and connects the road to the Lukmanier pass (1914m), which is heading towards Italy. Our
road however leads us to Andermatt, which formerly has been an important crossroad for trading
routes towards the Gotthard pass. Today (in 2011) Andermatt is a small town waiting for tourists.
From Andermatt we take the Furka pass (2436m), which guides us to the Belvedère with a view
over the Aletsch Glacier. The Aletsch Glacier is the source of the river Rhône, which in local dialect
is named Rotten.
According to my diary the name Rotten may have been derived from the Latin name
Rhodanus, but I am not so sure anymore. In this area there may have lived sophisticated
people who organized and managed the European languages and they also may have chosen
name “Rotten”, which has been transformed by the Romans into Rhodanus....
After a steep descent we arrive in Gletsch, which originally must have been located at the feet of the
Rhône glacier. We follow the Rhône valley to Visp and take a tunnel ride to Saas Almagell (1673m).
At a distance 25km west of Visp we cross the German/French language border at the village Leuk.
Now we are close to the Mont Blanc and Geneva (Geneva)....

Fig. 4: The westward route from Susch to Geneva


The problem of five vowels or seven vowels
The megalithic site at Falera probably had no standard alphabet to help memorizing their planets'
names. They may have used spoken names, which were memorized by declamation of the legends
and singing the tales. They also may have used the valleys' names to denote their planetary gods.

Long and short vowels


The Greek alphabet uses seven vowels AIΩΟΥΗΕ. In contrast the classical Roman alphabet uses 5
vowels AEIOU, but the Romans were able to discern between long vowels and short vowels, which
allowed them to encode 10 different elements in their vowels. The Futhark runes also may have
discerned an equivalent number of long vowels and short vowels.
The central core of the i j p ï in the u-a-i-j-ï-e-o structure of the Elder Futhark runic alphabet
suggests a difference in symbolic interpretation of long an short runic vowels.

The 5 Latin (long and short) vowels


The Romans used 5 vowels A-E-I-O-U and marked the long vowels with an apex. The Long I ⟨I)
used to transcribe a long i-vowel /iː/ in Latin. It stands in for the apex used on other long vowels: ⟨á é
ó vv /aː eː oː uː/. For Latin an example is documented in Wikipedia's entries Apex and Long I, which
in modern rendition would be lūciī a fīliī, with a macron rather than apex to indicate vowel length.17
The primary diacritic was the apex used to mark long vowels, which had previously been written
double. However, in place of taking an apex, the letter i was written as a long I-vowel18:

ÁÉ ꟾ Ó vv
Essentially the five long fundamental vocals â, ê, î, ô, û had been available in Hebrew (in the letters
Aleph and the three letters of the Tetragrammaton), in Greek initially in A, E, I, O, Y (and later
more specifically in A, H, I, Y, Ω) and in Latin in Á É ꟾ Ó Vv , in which the Long i-vowel had been
written as if the vowel had been set in a special archaic form of an Upper Case19.

The 5 Greek vowels


Originally the Greek alphabet started with five vowel symbols A-E-I-O-U by altering the
Phoenician consonants ʾāleph20 to a vowel /a/; he to /e/, `ayin to /o/21, wau to /u/ and yod to the iota
[i]22. A Greek fragment of Leviticus (26:2-16) discovered in the Dead Sea scrolls (Qumran) has ιαω
("Iao" with a long [o]), the Greek form of the Hebrew trigrammaton YHW.[63] 23 24
In Greek language the vowels α ε η ι ο υ ω have been used in short vowel versions: α, ε, ι, ο, υ and
long versions: ᾱ, η, ῑ, ω, ῡ. The vowels alpha (A), iota (I), and upsilon (U) are used for both long
and short vowels. The letters epsilon and omicron, are used for short and eta and omega for long
vowels. According to the Runen-Sprach-Schatz (by Dieterich) A, I, U are the archaic triad for the
vowels in old languages. The vowels ε, ο, η, ω seem to belong to later extensions. Probably the
introduction of the subset ε, ο, η, ω had to be initiated by the discovery of new planets.

17 Apex (diacritic)
18 Latin alphabet
19 This might have been the main reason for English language to capitalize the ego-pronoun I
20 a glottal stop in Phoenician
21 because the pharyngeality altered the following vowel
22 Phoenician alphabet
23 Bezalel Porten, Archives from Elephantine: The life of an ancient Jewish military colony, 1968, University of
California Press, pp. 105, 106.
24 Tetragrammaton
Also the Tetragrammaton JHVH respectively YHWH and its Greek translation IAΩ may be
correlated to the archaic triad A, I, U, respectively IAU.

The definition of 7 vowels


Today the Romansh languages Sursilvan (jeu), Sutsilvan (jou), Surmiran (ja), Putèr (eau), Vallader
(eu) seem to be equipped with the personal pronouns i(h), ie(u), io(u), ia(u), in which:
• the vowels I and U have been defined as the initial and trailing vowels and
• E, O, A as central vowels.
• A letter H may have been used as a filler for German dialects.
For the Romansh languages we may eventually need the short and long Roman vowels A, E, I, O,
U, Á É ꟾ Ó Vv.
In order to symbolize the 7 visible planets all seven vowels A, I, Ω, Ο, Υ, Η, Ε of the Greek alphabet
would be perfectly matching to supply all required symbols.

The symbol ꟾ for the main deity of the Roman pantheon


The Latin Long i-vowel ꟾ in Á É ꟾ Ó Vv suggests the Roman philosophers must have considered one
long vowel as a dominant or sacred element 25. Unfortunately we do not really know what planet has
been assigned to the long I.
The assignment to Jupiter may describe the most recent situation in which Jupiter was the main
deity of the Roman pantheon.

25 Eternity - a Pre-Thales-Root for Western Philosophy


The difference between the spellings “AIΩ” and “IAΩ”
The Mesopotamian population who worshiped 7 planets considered the male Moon god as their
main deity. During the period in which Ur exercised supremacy over the Euphrates valley (between
2600 and 2400 BC), Sīn was considered the supreme god. It was then that he was designated as
"father of the gods", "head of the gods" or "creator of all things"26.
At the end of the Roman Empire most European peoples honored the 7 planets of the star-
worshipers by encoding the planets' names in the words for the days of the week: Sunday (Sun),
Monday (Moon), Tuesday (Mars, Tiw), Wednesday (Mercury, Wodan), Thursday (Jupiter, Thor),
Friday (Venus, Freya) and Saturday (Saturn).
The composition of divine names is founded on three generations of planetary systems, which may
be observed by the unarmed eyes27.
1. Initially three “planets” may have been identified, which usually are to be symbolized as and
associated with the vowels I, A, Ω.
2. The second set of vowels I, A, Ω, O, Y is used after additions of Mars (O) and Jupiter (Y).
3. The third phase has been reached by the extension of the planetary with the planets Venus
(H) and Mercury (E). In this phase the vowel word grew to an end value of ιαωουηε or in
capitalized form ΙΑΩΟΥΗΕ.
In these vowel words the letter Omega (Ω) may be uttered as a “w”, in which the Ω represents a
combinations /oo/ or /ou/ of vowels, which also may be represented by the digamma .

The spelling of IAΩ (iaw)


The 7 vowels of the Greek alphabet have been based on 7 planets, which may seen by the unarmed
eye, but several languages only used subsets of the vowels such as IAΩ or IAΩOY:
1. IAΩ (/iaw/ or /iauu/) = Sun (I), Moon (A), Saturn (Ω)
2. IAΩOY (/iawou/ of /iauuou/) = Sun (I), Moon (A), Saturn (Ω), Mars (O), Jupiter (Y)
3. ΙΑΩΟΥΗΕ or ιαωουηε (/iawouhe/ → Jahweh28) = Sun (I), Moon (A), Saturn (Ω), Mars (O),
Jupiter (Y), Venus (H) and Mercury (E).

The spelling based on AIΩ (aiw)


Interesting may be the constellation, in which the ranking of the sun (I) and moon (A) is exchanged.
In this case the moon's priority might produce words such as AIΩ, AIΩOY and AIΩΟΥΗΕ, in
which the moon represents the main deity:
1. AIΩ (/aiw/ of /aiuu/) = Moon (A), Sun (I), Saturn (Ω)
2. AIΩOY (/aiwou/ of /aiuuou/) = Moon (A), Sun (I), Saturn (Ω), Mars (O), Jupiter (Y)
3. AIΩΟΥΗΕ of αιωουηε (/aiwouhe/) = Moon (A), Sun (I), Saturn (Ω), Mars (O), Jupiter (Y),
Venus (H) and Mercurius (E).
Originally the moon have been worshiped as the primary deity. After some centuries however the
sun had been promoted to become the primary deity. In such cases the word AIΩ (“aiw”) might be
older than IAΩ (“iaw”).

26 Source: Sin
27 The Creation Legends of Hesiod and Ovid
28 “In the Jewish-Egyptian magic-papyri it appears as Ιαωουηε.” (source: Names Of God - Jewishencyclopedia)
The list of “AI”*- and “AU”*-words
The runic dictionary “Runen-Sprach-Schatz” lists the following “AI”*-words, which may be older
than the “AI”*-words. As an additional information the list also contains some others vowel
combinations (“AU”*-words):
Runic words Dutch English German page
auᚦr vermogen, rijkdom power, wealth Vermögen, 224
wohlstand
aur grint, zand gravel, sand Kies, Sand 227
auk ook also auch 228
aura gewicht, munt weight Gewicht 228
coin Münze
austr oosten east Osten 229

ai overgrootvader great-grandfather Urgroßvater 243


aikvi eigendom, bezit assets Besitz 244
aiϝikr eeuwig eternal ewig 244
aika bezitten to own besitzen 245
aiki eigen own eigen 245
ain een, enig one, unique Eins, einzig 245
Table 4: “AI”*- en “AU”*-words in Runen-Sprach-Schatz (by Dieterich)

The list of “IA”*-, “IU”*- and “IO”*-words


The following list contains the “IA”*-words, which may be younger than the “AI”*-words. As an
additional information the list also contains some others vowel combinations (“JU”*- en “JO”*-
words):

Runic words Dutch English German page


jufur paardenmenner jockey Pferdelenker 198
jur dier animal Tier 198
jursalir Jeruzalem Jerusalem Jerusalem 199
jutlati Jutland Jutland Jutland 200

jon Johannes John Johannes 203


jorᚦ aarde earth Erde 203

jarl Earl (“graaf”) earl Earl (“Graf”) 215


(als adeltitel) (als Adeltitel)
jak ik I Ich 216
Table 5: “IA”*- “IO”* and “IU”*-words in Runen-Sprach-Schatz (by Dieterich)
Eternity
In Dieterich's Runen-Sprach-Schatz the author specifies the derivations for several relevant
languages, for example:
• Icelandic: æ (eternal, always), win which the æ-ligature symbolizes the ae-combination.
• Gothic: aivs (time, a long time period), aiveins (eternal),
• German: ewa (a long time period, agreement, law, matrimony).
• English: a, ava, euwin, euwinik, euwik, ewic (eternal),
• Old-Greek: ἀεί (“aeí”) → eternal.
In these words the usage of different vowels (a, e, i, u, ..) is dominant, but we also may identify the
initial character “a” in the Icelandic word æ (eternal, always), Greek word ἀεί (“aeí”) and the
Gothic words aivs (time, a long time period) and aiveins (eternal).
In the Dutch words eeuwig (eternal) and eega the word “echt” (matrimony) in Dutch originally had
been spelled in pure vowels as “e” or “ee”: *ee = law, legal matrimony29.
The Latin word aevum ‘era, lifetime, eternity’ also starts with the same ae-combination which has
been identified in the Icelandic æ (eternal, always).
In eternity often also the trailing symbol “u” (“v” in Gothic “aivs”) of “uu” (“w” in “ewig”) may be
identified as a genuine digamma (/w/) which will be discussed in the next chapter.

Fig. 5: “AiϝikR” (“eternal”) in the Runen-Sprach-Schatz (1844) by Udo Waldemar Dieterich

29 Source: Sijs, Nicoline van der (samensteller) (2010), Etymologiebank, op http://etymologiebank.nl/


The digamma ϝ in the rune “AiϝikR” (“eternal”)
In Dutch the spelling of “aiw” (Gothic: eternal, a lifetime, eternity) clearly leads us to the modern
Dutch word “eeuwig”, which in Dieterich's Runen-Sprach-Schatz (1844) has been defined as
“aiϝikR” (“eternal”).
The word aiw also may be spelled “aiuu” and seems to be composed as an all-vowel construct for
different vowels A, I, and a double U.
The third letter ϝ of “AiϝikR” looks like a consonant “F”, but in fact is a digamma, which not only
symbolizes its basic phoneme /w/ but also /v/, /f/ /uu/, /ou/ or a /u/.
The trailing letter “R” in “AiϝikR” is a closing symbol, which Dieterich defines as “Stupmadr” (the
“reversed Man”) (see the appendix 1 for detailed explanations of “Stupmadr”).

The word core “Aiϝ” (“aiw”) of “eternal”


The spelling of the core “Aiϝ” (“aiw”) of the rune “AiϝikR” illustrates, how the “a” (“the Moon”) is
a more dominant symbol than the second letter (“i”) and the third symbol Saturn (“ω”, “w” or “u”).
The planetary vowel triad AIΩ, respectively AIΩΟΥ or AIΩΟΥΗΕ has been composed as a smybol
for eternity. The designers (probably the early “rulers”) had chosen for the sequences AIΩ,
respectively AIΩΟΥ and AIΩΟΥΗΕ.
Symbolically “Aiϝ” (“aiw”, “eternal”) may be spelled as “AIΩ”. And also the ϝuthark-alphabet
originally had been started with a digamma as an initial symbol “Ω” for eternity, which represents
the letter /w/, /ou/ respectively /uu/.

“ϝuthark” = “wuthark” or “ωuthark”


Therefore “ϝuthark” might or should be spelled “wuthark” or “ωuthark”. The runic alphabet starts
with the phrase “wuth” or “wuᚦ”, which may be interpreted as “Wodan” or (“in reading reversed
mode”) “Tuw30”:
(In Dutch:) A special variant of the deity *tīwaz ‘god, deity’ (see tuw). Tuw (literally
‘God’) was the original dominant deity, but in the late pagan episode had been
downgraded with respect to Donar (Thunder) and Weden (Woen). In the Netherlands his
nickname had been ᚦings (Dings).

The personal pronoun “wuth” with an initial letter ð or Þ


The word “wuth” may also represent a personal pronoun “wut” (“we two”).
(In Dutch:) wut vnw., wit 1 we two, we both • obsolete Northern Frisian wat, wët,
Icelandic við • cognate °onk1 ‘us two’, °jut/°jit ‘you two (subject)’, °ink1 ‘you two
(object)’ 31

The Icelandic dual form við for “we two” is spelled with a letter ð, which is named “Eth” and has
been used as a predecessor for “th” (for instance in “mother”). This letter has been defined as
equivalent to Þ (“th”) and has been replaced in Middle-English by th. Therefore in Dutch we should
also spell the dual form “wut” (“we two”) as “wuð”, “wuÞ” or “wuth”. As a consequence we
symbolically should start the old and new ϝuthark with a phrase “wuð”, “wuÞ” or “wuth” (“we
two”).
30 In Dutch Tuw has been identified as the main Greator-god and sky-god (source:Tuw | Taaldacht)
31 Forgotten words (Vergeten woorden – W)
The distribution of vowels in the alphabets

The vowels J, I, E, a and Æ in the center of the ϝuthark-alfabet


In the old ϝuthark the vowels “I” and “Æ” are located in the center of the alphabet. In the old
ϝuthark the letter “A” is located at the beginning after the keyword “fuᚦ”. In the old ϝuthark we
may identify a letter ᛟ (O) at the end of the alphabet.

Elder ᚠ ᚢ ᚦ ᚨ ᚱ ᚲ ᚷ ᚹ ᚺ ᚾ ᛁ ᛃ ᛇ ᛈ ᛉ ᛊ ᛏ ᛒ ᛖ ᛗ ᛚ ᛜ ᛟ ᛞ
Futhark f u þ a r k g w h n i j æ p z s t b e m l ŋ o d


ᚦ ᚴ ᛁ ᛅ ᛏ ᛒ
Younger ᚠ u/w ą, ᚱ ᚼ ᚾ ᛦ ᛋ ᛘ ᛚ
Futhark f/v , þ, k, — — i, a, — — t, b, — ———
o, r h n ʀ s m l
y, ð g e æ d p
æ
o, ø
Table 6: The evolution of the ϝuthark structure in Wikipedia's History in Younger Futhark
The Latin and Greek alphabets
The reconstruction of the Gothic alphabet's design is based on:
• The Latin alphabet: A-B-C-D-E-F-G-H-I-J-K-L-M-N-O-P-Q-R-S-T-U-V-W-X-Y-Z,
• the old Roman alphabet: A -D-E-F-H- I -K-M-N-O-S- V and
• the classical Greek alphabet: A-Β-Γ-Δ- Ε -(F)-Ζ- H-Θ-I-Κ-Λ-Μ-Ν-O-Π-Ρ-Σ-(Τ)-Υ-Χ-Ω32

The Visigoth bishop Ulfilas separated the initial 3-letter keyword ᚠᚢᚦ (f,u,þ) from the Futhark-row
and distributed these three letters in equal interval between the letters of the new Gothic alphabet,
for which the template is copied from the Greek and Latin alphabet.
Ulfila's concept positions the rune ᚠ in the location of “u”, which suggests that the rune ᚠ may
symbolize a vowel “u” or a vowel combination “ou” or “uu”. This also confirms the idea, that the
rune ᚠ also represents a phoneme /uu/ or /w/.
A remarkable idea is the positioning of the rune ᚦ at a location for the Latin letter “i”. In fact I might
feel invited to read ᚠᚢᚦ as IOU, which is the symbolic core for Jupiter (“IOU-piter”).

Keyword
ᚠᚢᚦ (f,u,þ) ᚦ ᚢ ᚠ
↓ ↓ ↓
Vowels Α Ε Η Ι j Υ Ω
S
Gothic Ϛ Φ G Ϝ Ω Ͳ
ΑΒΓΔΕ ΖΗΨ Ι Κ Λ ΜΝ ᚢΠϘ R , Τ Υ F Χ Θ ᛟϠ
alphabet ϰ ᛃ Σ
Transliteration a b g d e q z h þ i k l m n j u p q r s t w f x ƕo
↓ ↓ ↓
Greek
A Β Γ ΔΕ F Ζ HΘ I Κ Λ Μ Ν O Π Ρ Σ Τ Υ Χ Ω
alphabet
Old Latin A D E F H I K M N O S V
Latin alphabet abcd e f gh i j k l mn o p q r s t u vw x y z
Minor(x)/
Maior(X) x x X X x X X X X x x
impact
Number value 2 5 7 8 9
4 5
Gothic 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 20 30
0 0
60 70 80 90 100 0 300 400 0 600 0 0 0
alphabet 0 0 0 0 0

Table 7: The concept for the Gothic alphabet by the Visigoth bishop Ulfilas
Source: The Reconstruction of the Gothic Alphabet's Design

32 Source: Pag. 170 in The Story of Writing van Andrew Robinson


About the vowels I-A-Ω of the alphabet
In an early phase of my studies I identified the mayor role of the vowels in the Creation and
Creator's Name, in the ego-pronouns and in the structure of the alphabets. The dominant character is
the central letter “I”, which may be identified as the central pillar for the sky (and/or a phallic
symbol) to be followed by an initial vowel “A” and a trailing vowel “Ω”.
In one of the first translations of the Septuagint the Name YHVH has been translated by IAω:

The choice Iaô (IAω), used to justify the vocalization Yahwoh, is mainly based on a
manuscript of the Septuagint (below) dated around 100 BCE found at Qumran. This
vocalization being confirmed (c. -50) by Diodorus of Sicily (90-20 BCE), a Greek
historian, and Terentius Varro (116-27 BCE), an ancient Roman scholar and writer33.

In the course of times numerous translations followed with a great number of vowel combinations.
The IAO- transliteration of YHVH belongs to the most frequent (→ 50%) dominant concept, which
will be marked yellow in the following overview34:

Transliteration Source Origin (date)


Yahô, Yahou Excavations in Soleb, Egypt 14e century BC.
Yaho, Ya’u The Papyri of Elephantine, Egypt 5e century BC..
IAO Qumran LXX, 4Q120 1e century BC.
IAO Diodoros of Sicily 1e century BC.
Yaho’el Apocalypse of Abraham 1e-2e century AD
IAΩ, IAO, YEU, IEU Valentine, Pistis Sophia 2e-3e century AD
YEU Books of Jeu, resp. “Books of Jeou” 2e-3e century AD
Iao Ireneus of Lyon, Ophieten 2e century AD
IAOU / IAOY Clemens of Alexandria 150-212 AD
IAh Orígenes 250 AD
IAw Epiphanius of Salamis 380 AD
IAHO Hieronymus of Stridon 347-420 AD
IAO Macrobius 430 AD
Iao Theodoretus of Cyrrhus 5e century AD
Yao Friedrich Schiller “The Mission of Moses” 1789
IAO H.P. Blavatsky 1897
IAO Aleister Crowley 1911
IAO Rudolf Steiner 1912
IAO Dr. Krumm-Heller 1931
IAO Samael Aun Weor 20e century AD
Table 8: The Creator's Name and the vowel I-A-Ω of the alphabet

33 The Name of God Y.eH.oW.aH Which is pronounced as it is Written


34 O Nome de Deus em Grego IAW, IAO,IAΩ,Iαω / YAHUH.org
quoted in Over de woorden en namen, die eeuwenlang bewaard gebleven zijn by jwr47 on Scribd
The origin of the personal pronouns of the 1st person singular
The word IAΩ (“iaw”), which may have been composed from the symbols I, A, Ω of three
“planets” may have been used as a core for the usually maximal 3-letter personal pronouns “I” of
the 1st person singular and the corresponding Name of the Creator “God”.
An overview of these personal pronouns and the corresponding divine name has been listed as an
overview, in which the letter I is a core-symbol which is a dominant character in the planetary
pantheon and also in the translation IAO of the divine name YHVH35.
Language Creator God I (singular) Marker
French Dieu je Dieu (je)
Provencal Diéu iéu Diéu (iéu)
Italian Dio io Dio (io)
Spanish Dios yo Dios (yo)
Portuguese Deus eu Deus (eu)
Sicilian Diu iu Diu (iu)
Romanian Zeu eu Zeu (eu)
Nîmes (F.) Dïou yiou Dïou (yiou)
Savoye (Montagny) Dzeu dzou Dzeu (dzou)
Savoye (central) Dyu de Dyu (de)
Savoye (Bessans, Giettaz) Dyu, ze Dyu (ze)
Dzyeû, Dezyeu
Sardinian (Campidanese) Deu dèu Deu (dèu)
Walloon Diu, Dju, Diè dji Diu (dji)
Villar-St-Pancrace Dïou (?) iòu Dïou (yiou)
Eischemtöitschu Ziisch iich Ziisch (iich)
Logudorese Sardinian déu(s) dèo déu(s) (dèo)
Rumansh (sutsilvan) Dieu(s) jou Dieu(s) (jou)
Rumansh (Surmiran) Dia ia Dia (ia)
Rumansh (Grischun) Dieu jau Dieu (jau)
Rumansh (Vallader) Diẹu eu, eau Diẹu (eau)
Table 9: European “I”-definitions in Romance languages

35 In Dutch: Over de woorden en namen, die eeuwenlang bewaard gebleven zijn by jwr47 on Scribd
Conclusion
The ancient people of Harran and Ur worshiped 7 so-called “planets”, which at the end of the
Roman empire have been encoded in the Names of the days of the week: the Sunday (Sun), Monday
(Moon), Tuesday (Mars, Tiw), Wednesday (Mercury, Wodan), Thursday (Jupiter, Thor), Friday
(Venus, Freya) and Saturday (Saturn).
The vowels of the Greek alphabet (AIΩΟΥΗΕ) had been assigned to the “planets”, which may be
observed by the unarmed human eyes. The three most dominant “planets” were composed as IAΩ
(/iaw/) = Zon (I), Maan (A), Saturnus (Ω).
The runic word “aiw” is translated as “eternal”, which in the runic dictionary may be found as
“aiϝikR” (“eternal”). The third character ϝ looks like an “F”, but may be interpreted as a digamma ϝ,
which represents a basic phoneme /w/ and also /v/, /f/, /uu/, /ou/ or a /u/.
In analogy to the dual form við (“we two”) for the Icelandic pronoun we might modify the spelling
“wit” for the English word “wit” into “wið”, “wiÞ” or “with” (“we two”). This implies that the
word “wuð”, “wuÞ” of “wuth” (“we two”) forms the initial phrase of the old and new runic
“ϝuthark”-alphabets.
Interpreting the core of the word “Aiϝ” (“aiw”, “eternal”) as “AIΩ” we also understand that the
ϝuthark-alphabets start with an initial letter as a digamma ϝ, which just like an “Ω” represents its
basic phoneme /w/ or /uu/. Now “ϝuthark” may be interpreted as “wuthark” or “ωuthark”. The
initial phrase of this alphabet represents “wuth” or “wuᚦ”, which also may be interpreted as
“Wodan” or (“in reversed reading mode”) “Tuw36”.
From the beginning the vowels (AIΩ, AIΩΟΥ, AIΩΟΥΗΕ) played an important role in religion,
philosophy and politics. In the course of time however a revolutionary movement may have
switched the ranking order for the symbolic priority of the planetary gods and the corresponding
vowels. This is what happened to the I (the sun) and the A (the moon), which resulted in the
generation of other words (IAΩ, IAΩΟΥ, IAΩΟΥΗΕ) such as jak (“I”) and jarl (“earl”).
Examples for runic words with an initial letter A as a symbol for the priority of the lunar god and a
second letter I for the solar god are ai (“great-grandfather”), aiϝikr (“eternal”), aiki (“own”) and
ain (“one”, “unique”).
Examples for runic words with an initial letter I or J as a symbol for the priority of the solar god and
a second letter A for the lunar god are jak (“I”) and jarl (“earl”).
The word IAΩ (“iaw”), which has been composed from the three symbols I,A,Ω for the planets
Sun, Moon and Saturn also may have been used for the (usually) 3-letter-words of the personal
pronouns “I” for the first person singular.
In central Europe an archaic planetary observation platform (the Parc “La Mutta”) in the
neighborhood of Chur has been found, which may have played a role in observing the same planets
as in Harran and Ur. The attributing the seven “planets” with the vowels IAΩΟΥΗΕ has been
spread to Europe by trading routes.
The city of Chur is also known for an anomaly of vowel variants in the personal pronouns of the
first person singular, varying within a few dozen of kilometers from (eastwards) IAΩ to
(westwards) IEΩ, and (southwards) IOΩ or IYΩ, etc.
These vowel conventions even extend their activity in transitions (eastwards) IAΩ → the Slavic
ego-pronoun “ja”, (westwards) IEΩ → the French ego-pronoun “je” and (southwards) IOΩ → the
Italian & Spanish ego-pronoun “io”/”yo”. A controlled distribution of these vowels from Chur to all
compass directions may have been controlled by the planetary observation platform “La Mutta”.

36 Tuw | Taaldacht
The assignment of a vowel to a region's ego-pronoun may define the vowel's planet as a dedicated
protector and guiding god for this region. The assignment of the vowel “E” to the western pronoun
“je” may have defined the planet Mercury as a special protector and guiding god for the west
region. The vowel “O” defines Mars as a protector for the south, “A” defines the Moon for the east
and eventually “H” defines Venus for the north.
Generally the larger the distance to Chur is growing the shorter the ego-pronouns will be until in
English only a single vowel is left: "I".
Appendices

Appendix 1 – The runes Stupmadr and Madr


The stupmadr (“Reversed Man”) is hardly ever mentioned in the internet. Dieterich describes the
letter as “obviously” “a final R”:

Fig. 6: The “Stupmadr” in Runen-Sprach-Schatz (1844) by Udo Waldemar Dieterich

The symbol's name is is explained as a vertically “reversed” symbol “Madr” (“Man”):

Fig. 7: “Madr” (“Man”) in Runen-Sprach-Schatz (1844) by Udo Waldemar Dieterich


Appendix 2 - 16 September 2011 – Friday – Falera (Fellers) 37

La Mutta
In the megalith site, named Parc “La Mutta” in Falera (German: Fellers), we inspect the 36
menhirs, which have been erected in a few rows along the local church. In 1800 B.C., a settlement
was started on the Mutta. A bronze disc with 16 respectively 20 punctured “elevations” seems to
contain a calendar to calculate the synodical period of the planet Venus with 584/585 days.
The menhirs form a megalithic calendar system with a main line directing to the church's tower in
Ladir-Ruschein (Azimuth 62°-63°) where the sun rises 30 days before, respectively 30 days after
the sun's solstice at Taminser Calanda (2390m). Another line (Azimuth 31°-32°) marks the rise of
the star Caph in Cassiopeia at the bronze age.
The following photograph illustrates the main line of the menhirs which is directing to the church's
tower at Ladir. In fact the main line consists of at least seven menhirs, which align to one straight
line.

Fig. 8: Main line consists of at least 7 menhirs, which is directing to the church's tower at Ladir

Archaeologists concluded that the Catholic Church dismantled most of the large cult locations in the
neighborhood of Ilanz, replaced menhirs and the sanctuaries by churches. This also happened at
Falera and Ladir-Ruschein.
In total five churches align to the same 62°-axis: Schnaus, Ruschein, Ladir, Falera and the
«Bildstöckli» of Laax38.
In the map “In the megalith site, named Parc “La Mutta” in Falera” these churches and the 62°-axis
have been documented.
Under these churches and in Chur we may be able to find valuable remains of the archaic cult.

37 Source (in German): Tagebuchfragmente: Eine Reise in Die Schweiz (2011)


38 ↑from: Wikipedia's Park “La Mutta”: Geomatische Untersuchung
How many menhirs had been removed and dismantled? The most valuable menhirs and solar discs
(“Sonnensteine”) may have vanished to be included in the foundation of the medieval churches?
At the backside of the church I found a well, which may have been composed and sculptured from a
genuine menhirs and a pagan basin.
It is hard to see which materials had been deteriorated by weathering or intentional damage to
remove the pagan sculptures. The well does not look like a standard water supply for a churchyard.

Fig. 9: Cup mark at the church in the Parc “La Mutta”


The prehistoric village has been enclosed in 1.5m deep and 2m high walls. Traces of ashes allowed
the archaeologists to date the observatory on 1400 BBE.
Gigantic rocks are marking the location of the fortification. A gap seems to lead to a cistern or well.
In the middle of a large deposit of collapsed moss-grown blocks of stone a graffiti illustrates a
decoration of a laughing person. I am not sure how old this graffiti may be: any age between the
bronze age and last weekend....

Fig. 10: Graffiti – at any age between the bronze


age and last weekend....

The village Falera (1220m) is located on a high place, 570m above the Rhine (at 656m). The
excavated ruins remind me of the Troy excavation site in Turkey.
In contrast to Bernstorf39 and Heuneburg the stone walls of La Mutta's fortifications are very solid.
“La Mutta” however is much older than the Heuneburg.
At the borderline of the hill we observe terraces, which may have been used as a small farming
location, but now are covered with grass.

39 Located in Bavaria an the mouth of the Glon into the Amper. The fortress had been fortified by an oaken palisade.
Appendix 3 - 14 September 2011 – The Romansh dialect
On our holiday trip, which also intended to analyze the background of the mysterious vowel
structures of the personal pronouns, we just followed the Rhine valley deep into the Swiss
Alpine territories near Chur. The following description is quoted from my diary of the
holiday trip at the 14th of September 2011.
Initially the Rhine valley allowed us to travel on an uncomplicated broad track. At Chur however
the Rhine did split up in two arms, named Vorderrhein and Hinterrhein, which each have carved
their own valleys with very steep flanks. In this region named Graubünden the people speak
Romansh.

The Hinterrhein valley


The Hinterrhein is heading southward up to the gorge name “Via mala” (“bad track”) just before
Thusis and the San Bernadinopass to Italy. In the region Hinterrhein the people speak Sutselvisch,
which is characterized by the ego-pronoun “jou”.
East of this region (towards the Juliapass) the people speak Surmeirisch which is characterized by
the ego-pronoun “ja”, which is cognate to the neighboring “jau” of the Vallader-dialect in the
easternmost canton Engadin of Switzerland. In this region we may find the river Inn.
Between Surmeirisch and Vallader we may find the Putér-dialect with an ego-pronoun „eau“, which
also represents a transit between „ja“ and “jau”.

The Vorderrhein valley


In contrast to these regions the Vorderrhein valley is heading to the west, where another gorge
blocks the route. This gorge is name the Rheinschlucht (Ruinaulta40). A few thousand years ago this
gorge has been blocked by a large landslide blocked the Rhine until the river carved a new valley.
At this location the people founded the small village “Flims”, where we had booked our first hotel
on this trip. In this region the people speak Surselvic, which is characterized by an ego-pronoun
"jeu".
In a summary we man simplify the composition of the ego-pronouns by stating that
4. at the westside of Chur the ego-pronouns tend to "jeu",
5. at the southside of Chur the ego-pronouns tend to "jou",
6. at the eastside of Chur the ego-pronouns tend to "jau",
The people who use the pronouns "jau" are named „Jauer“ („Jau“-sayer). Additionally we may find
some families who name themselves as a family „Jauers“41.
It is a remarkable fact that the ego-pronouns tend to extend their validity on a very large scale. From
the center Chur the ego-pronouns seem to extend their territory
• to the west as the French “je”, in which they loose a trailing vowel “u”.
• to the south as the Italian/Spanish “io”, in which they loose a trailing vowel “u”.
• to the east as the Slavic pronoun “ja”, in which they also loose a trailing vowel “u”.
Our hotel offers us a familiar environment, in which we may discuss with the owners and their
children, who speak fluently Romansh. Standardizing is difficult, because they use 5 main dialects.
The Surselvic is the most popular dialect, to be followed by Vallader42. According to the hotel
owner the name “Sutselvic” is unusual.
40 Hoher Steinhaufen
41 Jauers or other spellings of this name - Jawor - Family History
42 Info from Rätoromanisch
Appendix 4 - 17 September 2011 – From the Rhine to Leuk at the Rhône

Fig. 11: Day-trip from the Rhine to Leuk at the Rhône

A few days after we had visited the megalith site “La Mutta” in Falera” we traveled westward to the
French-spoken part of Switzerland. This trip started from our hotel at Flims at the gigantic canyon
of the Vorder-Rhine.
The road then follows the spectacular Vorder-Rhine valley along the megalith site Parc “La Mutta”
in Falera” to Disentis (Mustér). The original name was Monasterium Dissertinensis (“the monastery
in the originally deserted valley”). The Benedictine monastery dates back to 720 AD.

The Tujetsch-region
We followed the Rhine valley to Oberalppas (2046m), where near Andermatt one of the Vorder-
Rhine's sources springs in the Tujetsch-region. Of course the name Tujetsch seems to be equivalent
to the name “Deutsch” (German).

Tuatschin
The local Rumansch-dialect is named Tuatschin, but for scripture the dialect is named Sursilvan.
The Tomasee (2345 m) is considered as the source for the Hinter-Rhine. A fork junction is located at
Disentis and connects to the Lukmanierpass (1914m), which is heading towards Italy. Our road
however leads us to Andermatt, which formerly has been an important crossroad for trading routes
towards the Gotthardpass. Today (in 2011) it is a small town waiting for tourists.
From Andermatt we take the Furkapas (2436m), which guides us to the Belvedère with a view over
the Aletsch Glacier. Of course the ice cover is in a permanent decay, which is slowed down with the
help of large white towels. (In 2011) Hotel Belvedère is closed and has decayed to a ruin. The
Aletsch Glacier is the source of the river Rhône, which in local dialect is named Rotten.
According to my diary the name Rotten may have been derived from the Latin name
Rhodanus, but I am not so sure anymore. Today I think in this area there may have been
living people who organized and managed the European languages and they have chosen
name the Rotten, which has been transformed by the Romans into Rhodanus....
After a steep descent we arrive in Gletsch, which originally must have been located at the feet of the
Rhône glacier. Now (in 2011) the village (just like Hotel Belvedère) has turned into a ruin.
We follow the Rhône valley to Visp and take a tunnel ride to Saas Almagell (1673m), where we
visit our hotel43 and join our friends Linda and Norbert. At a distance 25km west of Visp we cross
the German/French language border at the village Leuk. I remember it must have crossed the road
in the middle of a petrol station. Now we are close to the Mount Blanche and Geneva (Geneva)....

43 Hotel Olympia - CH-3905 Saas Almagell


Appendix 5 - “Ego”-Pronouns from Wikipedia's Romansh
• Aside from these five major dialects, two additional varieties are often distinguished.
• One is the dialect of the Val Müstair, which is closely related to Vallader but often separately referred
to as Jauer (derived from the personal pronoun jau 'I', i.e. 'the jau-sayers').[18]
• Less commonly distinguished is the dialect of Tujetsch and the Val Medel, which is markedly
different from Sursilvan and is referred to as Tuatschin.[18]
• Additionally, the standardized variety Rumantsch Grischun, intended for pan-regional use, was
introduced in 1982.
• The dialect of the Val Bregaglia is usually considered a variety of Lombard, and speakers use Italian
as their written language, even though the dialect shares many features with the neighboring Putèr
dialect of Romansh.[19]
• As these varieties form a continuum with small transitions from each village to the next, there is no
straightforward internal grouping of the Romansh dialects. The Romansh language area can be
described best as consisting of two widely divergent varieties, Sursilvan in the west and the dialects
of the Engadine in the east, with Sutsilvan and Surmiran forming a transition zone between them.
[20]
• The Engadinese varieties Putèr and Vallader are often referred to as one specific variety known as
Ladin, which is not to be confused with the closely related language in Italy's Dolomite mountains
also known as Ladin.
• Sutsilvan and Surmiran are sometimes grouped together as Central Romansh (rm. Grischun central),
and then grouped together with Sursilvan as "Rhenish Romansh" (in German,
"Rheinischromanisch").

District group Language / Dialect Ego- ↔


pronoun
English I
Romansh Rhenish Romansh west Sursilvan jeu
Central central Sutsilvan jou
Romansh
Surmiran ja
east Putèr eau Bregaglia
Ladin - Engadinese
Vallader eu Jauer
Rumantsch Grischun jau
Val Müstair Jauer jau Vallader
Surselva Tujetsch (Thiuesch) west Tuatschin jeu (?)
Region Val Medel (scripture: Sursilvan)
South Tyrol Ladin Gardenese44 (Gherdëina) ie
Ladin Nones language-(Non Valley) mi
Val Bregaglia variety of Lombard Putèr
Latin ego
Italian io
Romanian eu
German ich

Table 10: “Ego”-Pronouns from Wikipedia's page Rätoromanisch (Romansh language)

44 The form of the Ladin language spoken in this valley is called Gardenese in Italian, Grödnerisch in German and
Gherdëina in Ladin.
Contents
Abstract.................................................................................................................................................1
The role of the Moon god and the night time.......................................................................................2
The Moon Gods...............................................................................................................................4
The center of IAU, IEU and IOU-cores around Chur (Switerland).....................................................5
Chur as the European astronomical observation version of Ur.......................................................5
The common source for the Jauer, Jower, Jewer and Iher dialects.............................................6
The Jauers dialect...................................................................................................................6
The center of the Jauer, Jower, Jewer and Iher dialects.........................................................6
Travelogue - “The Romansh dialect”..............................................................................................7
The Hinterrhein valley................................................................................................................7
The Vorderrhein valley................................................................................................................7
Summary of the vowel distribution Jeu, Jau, Jou.......................................................................7
The “Ego”-Pronouns from Wikipedia's entry “Romansh”..........................................................9
The distribution of European languages...................................................................................10
The westward route from Susch to Geneva (abbreviated from appendix 4).............................11
The Tujetsch-region..............................................................................................................11
Tuatschin...............................................................................................................................11
The problem of five vowels or seven vowels............................................................................12
Long and short vowels.........................................................................................................12
The 5 Latin (long and short) vowels.........................................................................................12
The 5 Greek vowels..................................................................................................................12
The definition of 7 vowels....................................................................................................13
The symbol ꟾ for the main deity of the Roman pantheon.....................................................13
The difference between the spellings “AIΩ” and “IAΩ”...................................................................14
The spelling of IAΩ (iaw)..............................................................................................................14
The spelling based on AIΩ (aiw)...................................................................................................14
The list of “AI”*- and “AU”*-words.............................................................................................15
The list of “IA”*-, “IU”*- and “IO”*-words.................................................................................15
Eternity...........................................................................................................................................16
The digamma ϝ in the rune “AiϝikR” (“eternal”)......................................................................17
The word core “Aiϝ” (“aiw”) of “eternal”................................................................................17
“ϝuthark” = “wuthark” or “ωuthark”.............................................................................................17
The personal pronoun “wuth” with an initial letter ð or Þ ............................................................17
The distribution of vowels in the alphabets........................................................................................18
The vowels J, I, E, a and Æ in the center of the ϝuthark-alfabet...................................................18
The Latin and Greek alphabets......................................................................................................19
About the vowels I-A-Ω of the alphabet............................................................................................20
The origin of the personal pronouns of the 1st person singular.........................................................21
Conclusion..........................................................................................................................................22
Appendices.........................................................................................................................................24
Appendix 1 – The runes Stupmadr and Madr................................................................................24
Appendix 2 - 16 September 2011 – Friday – Falera (Fellers).......................................................25
La Mutta....................................................................................................................................25
Appendix 3 - 14 September 2011 – The Romansh dialect............................................................28
The Hinterrhein valley..............................................................................................................28
The Vorderrhein valley..............................................................................................................28
Appendix 4 - 17 September 2011 – From the Rhine to Leuk at the Rhône ..................................29
The Tujetsch-region..................................................................................................................29
Tuatschin...................................................................................................................................29
Appendix 5 - “Ego”-Pronouns from Wikipedia's Romansh..........................................................30
Figures
Fig. 1: Map of the etymological Æ- and I*U-poles ............................................................................5
Fig. 2: Pronunciation of eu ('I') in the dialects of the Lower Engadine and the Val Müstair, as
attested in 1962.....................................................................................................................................6
Fig. 3: Distribution of European languages-maybe coordinated from the Megalith Site (Falera) ....10
Fig. 4: The westward route from Susch to Geneva............................................................................11
Fig. 5: “AiϝikR” (“eternal”) in the Runen-Sprach-Schatz (1844) by Udo Waldemar Dieterich .......16
Fig. 6: The “Stupmadr” in Runen-Sprach-Schatz (1844) by Udo Waldemar Dieterich ....................24
Fig. 7: “Madr” (“Man”) in Runen-Sprach-Schatz (1844) by Udo Waldemar Dieterich ...................24
Fig. 8: Main line consists of at least 7 menhirs, which is directing to the church's tower at Ladir ...25
Fig. 9: Cup mark at the church in the Parc “La Mutta”......................................................................26
Fig. 10: Graffiti – at any age between the bronze age and last weekend...........................................27
Fig. 11: Day-trip from the Rhine to Leuk at the Rhône .....................................................................29

Tables
Table 1: The sidereal cycles of the Chaldean planets...........................................................................3
Table 2:“Ego”-Pronouns - composed from Wikipedia's page Rätoromanisch (Romansh language)...9
Table 3: The distribution of European languages – maybe coordinated from the Megalith Site (at
Falera near Chur )...............................................................................................................................10
Table 4: “AI”*- en “AU”*-words in Runen-Sprach-Schatz (by Dieterich).......................................15
Table 5: “IA”*- “IO”* and “IU”*-words in Runen-Sprach-Schatz (by Dieterich)............................15
Table 6: The evolution of the ϝuthark structure in Wikipedia's History in Younger Futhark.............18
Table 7: The concept for the Gothic alphabet by the Visigoth bishop Ulfilas....................................19
Table 8: The Creator's Name and the vowel I-A-Ω of the alphabet...................................................20
Table 9: European “I”-definitions in Romance languages................................................................21
Table 10: “Ego”-Pronouns from Wikipedia's page Rätoromanisch (Romansh language).................30

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