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CS (MAIN) Ex<:un..

20 16 M-ESC-U -MTH
•1fOH'1 HセMQI@

セSゥ」ョZ@ 250

セM@ セ@ セ@ セ。QAゥ@ セ@
Hセ@ m セ@ セ@ セ@ -B セ@ R8R1RsC1 セ@ セ@ cn1 UlHtt# セ I@

セ@ ano セ@ セ@ セ@ G1 セ@ セ@ セE@ アMセ@ W<ft 3TR セ@ セ@ -R セ@ セ セ@


Gャゥtセ@ m セ@ セ@ セ@ セ@
セ@ U&n 1 3TR 5 セ@ セ@ cヲセ@ セ@ m セ@ -B セ@ WJS -B Cfill-"B-Cfill セ@ セ@ セ@ セ@ tft;t m セ@ セ@
セi@
セ@ Sゥ」ョセッ@
m セ@ セ@ "3"Bt ャtiセ@ セ@ セ@ セ@ セ@ セ@ $ 3lr1t ュMセ@ セ@ セ@ TJ<n t, 3fR セ@ ャtiセ@ q;J セ@ $
セMBSヲゥZ@ Hセッ@ セッ@ セッI@ セ@ セ@ セ@ 11{ セ@ セ@ セ@ 11{ セi@ Sセヲオゥ、@ ャtiセ@ セ@ セ@
3R fcR:ft ャヲセ@ セ@ セ@ セ@ セ@ 11{ セ@ 3icn セ@ f4AA I
セ@ SゥciセTヲ@ m, mセ@ セ@ q;J セ@ セ@ セ@ セ@ セ@ セ@
セ@ (fcf) SセrウcQ@ 1 m, セ@ cヲセ@ セL[」Z・ョ@ セ@ l1R"Cfi セュ@ セ@ セ@ セ@ 1
m セ@ セ@ cfil TJURT Sfl!OJ lj*i R cfil セi@ セ@ CfiTZT セ@ Q), mm セ@ セ@ cfiT TJURT cfil セ@ セ@ CfQ セ@ 3imf: セ@
11<n m1 セM@ セヲᆱ\」ョャ@ セ@ セ@ セ@ s3ll セ@ 111 セ@ セ@ セ@ @セ セ@ "B <mT セi@
MATHEMATICS {PAPER-I)
ITime Allowed : Three Hours I Maximum Marks : 250 I
QUESTION PAPER SPECIFIC INSTRUCT IONS
(Please read each of the following instructions carefully b efore attempting questions)
There are EIGHT questions divided in two Sections and printed both in HINDI and
in ENGLISH.
Candidate has to attempt FIVE questions in all.
Question Nos. 1 and 5 are compulsory and out of the remaining, THREE are to be attempted
choosing at least ONE question from each Section.
The number of marks carried by a question/pa rt is indicated against it.
Answers must be written in the medium authorized in the Admission Certificate which
must be stated clearly on the cover of this Question-cu m-Answer (QCA) Booklet in the
space provided. No marks will be given for answers written in a medium other than the
authorized one.
Assume suitable data, if considered necessary, and indicate the same clearly.
Unless and otherwise indicated, symbols and notations carry their usual standard meanings.
Attempts of questions shall be counted in sequential order. Unless struck off, attempt of a
question shall be counted even if attempted partly. Any page or portion of the page left blank
in the Question-cu m-Answer Booklet must be clearly struck off.

ュ M Zイセ・ Mエセョゥtャ GゥOUT@ 1 [P.T.O.

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· '&US-A / SECTION-A

セa]{Z@ セ}@ セ@ セ@
2
1. (a) (i) 3 t, iii %!; (elementary row operation} i\; m
0
セ@ A - l ヲNャ」ZョQrセ@ I

n
2
Using elementary row operations, find the inverse of A= [: 3
6
0

セa]{@ セ@ ヲ」ャセ@
1
(ii)
-2
2
-1 -3
!]t, iii A
14
+ 3A - 2! "iliJl!R f.l'fil I

セ@ !J
1
14
If A=[ 2 then find A +3A -2!. 4
-2 -1 -3

(b) (i) セ@ セ@ セ@ (elementary row operation) セ@ m セ@ セ@ m ヲNャ」ョ ゥ rQセL@ セ@


fen ^QセM@ セTャ」Zョ\ッゥQ@ (linear equations)
x-2y+ z= a
2x+7y-3z=b
3x+5y-2z= c

cヲゥャセュQ@
Using elementary row operations, find the condition that the linear
equations
x-2y+z=a
2x+7y-3z = b
3x+5y-2z= c
have a solution. 7

(ii) セ@
Wi = {(x, y, z) I x + y- z =0}
W2 = {(x, y, z) I 3x + y- 2z = O}
W3 = {(x, y, z) I x-7y+3z=O}
mdim(W1 n W2 n W3 ) Hヲセ@ dim(WJ. + W2 ) CfiT llR pャ」ZョQrセ@ I

If
Wi = {(x, y, z) I x + y- z =0}
W2 = {(x, y, z) 1 3x + y- 2z = O}
w3 = {(x, y, z) I X -7y+3z = 0}
then find dim (W1 f\ W2 n W3 ) and dim (W1 + W2 ). 3

m - f3C- 'Ci- m"''11 I 54 2

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(c) l1R pャ」エゥrMiセ@ :
Evaluate : 10

I= jセ@ 3 クャッァHセI@ dx

(d) "3B セ@ (sphere) COT セーZヲゥc\oi@ pャ」エゥ ゥrMiセL@ セ@ Vt x 2 + y 2 = 4; z = 0 -B セ@ t 3ft\ セ@ -m1


クKRjNQコ]oBbセGvヲ@ セ@ ZゥセL@ セ\キjエャ@
Find the equation of the sphere which passes through the circle x 2 + y 2 =4;
z = 0 and is cut by the plane x +2y+2z = 0 in a circle of radius 3. 10

(e) 'Umm x-
2
1
= Y- 2 = z- 3 ッセ@
4
y- mx = z = 0 セ@ セ@ セ@ セ@ (shortest distance)

pャ」エゥrMiセ@ I m セ@ セ@ l1R セ@ セ@ GRT セ@ sirエセg@ (intersect) cR'rfi?


Find the shortest distance between the lines x - 1 = Y- 2 = z- 3 and
2 4
y- mx = z = 0. For what value of m will the two lines intersect? 10

2. (a) (i) セ@ M 2 (R), 2 x2 "CfiTfl (order) セ@ CliB'IRICfi セ@ cfiT セ@ (space) ッセ@ P2 (x),
C:HBiRICfi セ@ Hーッャケョュゥ。ウILセ@ セ@ tmf (degree) 2 t', cfiT セ@ (space)
セN@ <it T: M 2 (R)--> P2 (x), セ@ r([: !]) = a+c+(a- d)x +(b+c)x 2 , 'f;l M 2 (R)

セ@ P2 (x) セ@ lfRCfi 3lltml (standard bases) セ@ セXNQ@ セ@ pャセヲcA@ セi@ セ@


31ffiCfT TCOT セ@ セ@ (null space) >r11l セi@
If M 2 (R) is space of real matrices of un.lt:r 2 x 2 and P 2 (x) is the space of real
polynomials of degree at most 2, then fmd the matrix representation of

T: M 2 (R)--> P2 (x), such that r([: :])=a+ +(a- +(b+ c d)x


2
c)x , with

respect to the standard bases of M 2 (R) and P 2 (x). Further find the null
space of T. 10

(ii) セ@ T: P 2 (x) --7 P3 (x) セ@ VcfiR t fcn T(.f(x)) = f(x) + 5 s: f(t) dt, m{1, 1 + x, 1 - x 2 }
セ@ {1, x, x 2 , x 3 } q;l Sfilm: P2 (x) セ@ P3 (x) COT 3llm1: (bases) セ@ セ@ T COT セ@
pャ」エゥQrセ@ I

If T : P2 (x) --7 P3 (x) is such that T(.f(x)) = f(x) + 5 J


: f(t) dt, then choosing
{1, 1+x, 1-x 2 } and {1,x, x 2 , x 3 } as bases of P 2 (x) and P3 (x) respectively,
find the matri..."{ of T. 6

ュMエZセ・ M h M ョイオ@ 54 3 [P.T.O .



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(b) (i) セa]{@ セ@ セ}@ t maセ@ llR (eigenvalues) cヲセ@ セ@ セ@
0 0 1
(eigenvectors) セ@ ヲ[AcャゥrQセ@ I

1 1 OJ
If A= 1 1 0 , then find the eigenvalues and eigenvectors of A.
[
0 0 1
8

Prove that eigenvalues of a Hermitian matrix are all real. 8

(c) セ@ .:mmU (bases) {1-x, x(1-x), x(1+x)} セ@ {1, 1+x, 1+x 2 } セ@ セXj@ セ@ セアゥ」エ\ッ ャ@

.
(linear transformation) T: P2 (x) --? P2 (x) セ@
.
セ@ セ@ セ@ A =
[ 1
-2
1
Mセ@ Mセ}@ m.
2 3
mイ^ョセャ@
If A セ@ [ セ@M -l -セ}@ is the matrix representation of a linear transformation

1': .JJ2 (x)--? P2 (x) with respect to the bases {1 - x, x(1- x), x(1 + x)}
2
and {1, 1 + x, 1 + x }, then find T. 18

x+y - z=O m1
Find the maximum and mm1mum values of x 2 + y 2 + z 2 subject to the
. x2 y2 2 2
conditions-+-+- =1 and x+y-z=O. 20
. 4 5 25

(b) ャrセ@

8 > 0 >rrn セ@ セ@ '5fCfiR fcf; IJ(x, y) - f(O, 0) I< ·01, セ@ セク R@


+ y 2 <8 mI

m- fSC- 3 - rJ:J'I'li /54 4


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Let

(x, y) "* (0, 0)


(x, y) == (0, 0)
Find a 8 > 0 such that lf(x, y)- f(O, 0) I < ·0 1, whenever セ@ x 2 + y 2 < 8. 15

(c) <ffi x+2y+2z =12 セ@ x=O, y=O ッセ@ x 2 +y 2 =16 IDU Cfii2 セ@ セ@ CfiT セ@ セ@
(surface area) pャ」エゥセ@ I
Find the surface area of the plane x + 2y + 2z = 12 cut off by x == 0, y = 0 and
2 2
x + y = 16. 15

4. (a) セ@ G@セ セ@ セュ@ y =a= z, x +3z =a= y+ z "Cfll Slfd-orJG (intersect) セ@ t ッセ@ <ffi
x +y =0 セ@ Bl"l H H'R IDU @セ t
@セ (surface generated) f.iCfll rゥセ@ I
Find the surface generated by a line which intersects the lines y =a= z,
x +3z ==a== y+ z and parallel to the plane x + y == 0. 10

(b) m セヲ・ョ@ (cone) 3yz-2zx -2xy =0 セ@ cfR セ@ セ@ "\iR"Cfl1 (generators) "Cfl1


セ@ Sfrヲセ@ t 1セx@
1
=lf..= z セ@
1 2
セ@ "Cfi1 セHァ・ョイ。エッI@ m, mセMgI@
pャ」エゥヲセ@ I
Show that the cone 3yz-2zx -2xy = 0 has an infmite set of three mutually
perpendicular generators. If x == Y = セ@ is a generator belonging to one such
1 1 2
set, find the other two. 10

(c) fJ f(x, y) dx dy "Cflll1R pャ」エゥヲセL@ セ@ セ@ R =[0, 1; 0, 1] ッセ@


R

f(x, y) = {X+ y, .!.lfcl. x


3 < y < '2x'J
0 ' Spャセ@

tl
Evaluate fJ f(x, y) dx dy over the rectangle R == [0, 1; 0, 1] where
R

2 2
f(x, y) = { x + y, if x < y < 2x
0 , elsewhere 15

(d) セ ャゥ cヲャア|@ ( conicoid) ax 2 + by 2 + cz 2 = 1 セ@ cfR ql{fYf{Cfi セ@ セ@ tfffi セ@ sャヲ、M」セgBGゥ@ セ@ "Cfl1


セ_NQ@ rcヲゥャエセ@ 1

Find the locus of the point of intersection of three mutually perpendicular


tangent planes to the conicoid ax 2 + by 2 + cz 2 = 1. 1 !=)

m- Zヲセc M エゥ M mGヲQ@ I 54 5 [ P.T.O.

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セMb@ / SECTION-B

2
5. (a) d ; + y = ex/ 2 sin x../3 CfiT セ@ B'i1Cb(1 (particular integral) picィゥセ@ I
dx 2
2
Find a particular integral of d ; + y = exf 2 sin x../3. 10
dx 2

(bJ セ@ セ@ fcfi セ@ a=3i+]-2k:, b=-i+3]+4k, c=4i-2]-6k: 1% ヲMQBセ@


セi@ ヲMQBセ@ セ@ セ@ セ@ セ@ pャ」エQrセ@ I
セ@ ,..,.. ,.,.....,. ,.. ,.. ""-+,..,..,..
Prove that the vectors a=3i+j-2k, b=-i+3}+4k, c = 4i - 2j-6k can
form the sides of a triangle. Find the lengths of the medians of the triangle. 10

(c) セZ@
Solve : 10

-y,セ@
dy 1 ( tan - l X
- = e
dx 1 +x 2

(d) セ@ fcfi セMᆬヲ@ y 2 = 4cx: +4c 2 エ」セHQゥヲAc「@ (self-orthogonal ) tI


Show that the family of parabolas y 2 = 4cx: + 4c2 is self-orthogonal. 10

(e) 1% CfiUT セ@ ('CRUT (central acceleration), @セ セ@ セ@ セ@ セ@ cQFャGゥ ャセア」ヲエ@ (inversely


proportional) t, セ@ omf i:l(11'4'iH t I セ@ セ@ Bャ\ZGヲゥセ@ (origin) セ@ セ@ 。セ@ 1% セ@
(apse) セ@ セ@ セ@ セ@ >rR fcfim \ifffiT t セ@ fcfi 。セ@ "V" セ@ セ@ CfiT .J2 "!Fl t mMアセ@ CfiT
B41Cf1{UI セc「ゥrッ@ I
A particle moves with a central acceleration which varies inversely as the cube
of the distance. If it is projected from an apse at a distance a from the origin
with a velocity which is .J2 times the velocity for a circle of radius a, then find
the equation to the path. 10

6. (a) セZ@
Solve : 10
{y(1 - xtanx) + x 2 cosx}dx -x dy = 0

(b) セ@ B4l<:f1{0I (differential equation)

(D 2 + 2D + 1) y = e - x log(x),

・ュセM@ (variation of ー。イュ・エウIセ@

ュ M eセ・ M オ@ - riiT'ij /54 6

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Using the method of variation of parameters, solve the differential equation
2
(D +2D+l)y= e - xlog(x), [n = !] 1S

(c)

3 2
Find the general solution of the equation x 2 d y -4x d ; +6 dy = 4. 15
d.X 3 dX tb..

(d) <:11C{1H'1 {C\qj(.'I(OI (Laplace transformation) ct?r llGG セ@ M CfiT セ@ pエcヲャ Q rQセ@ :

Using Laplace transformation, solve the following : 10


y"- 2y'- By= 0, y(O) = 3, y'(O) = 6

7. (a) 2a セ@ ct?r Q\Cf)WiH セ@ セ@ (rod) AB, A 'Y\ セ@ Hィゥョァ・Iセ@ "1ful: ::q<:114'iH (movable) t
セBSゥGy|エ ャ@ セcヲゥャエZr。@ m, ュセ@
fcf; セ@ (hinge) 'Y\ SIRtf?t;41 (reaction) 'CfiT 't1ftmuT セ@ wセT@ +tan 2 a t セ@ W セ@ CfiT
2
\ffi tI
A uniform rod .AB of length 2a movable about a hinge at A rests with other end
against a smooth vertical wall. If a is the inclination of the rod to the vertical,
prove that the magnitude of reaction of the hinge is
R@
セ@ wセTKエ。ョ a
2
where W ゥセ@ the weiiht of the rod. 1S

(b) m.\ffi P w.n Q セ@ セ@ Hヲゥク・、Iセ@ 0 セ@ セ@ (strings) OA セ@ OB セ@ セ@ セ@ ッセ@ セ@


セ@ セ@ (rod) AB IDU セM@ セ@ 3lffi セi@ OA セ@ OB セ@ (rod) AB セ@
Sfilm: a Pセ@ t3 q;)uy Gf.fffi m' mセ@ セ@ fcf; セ@ (rod) BSゥセ@ セ@ セ@ 9 q;)uy GFmft t セ@

tan 9 = _ _ .:;;___
P_+_Q
Pcota- Qcott3

Two weights P and Q are suspended from a fixed point 0 by strings OA, OB and
are kept apart by a light rod AB. If the strings OA and OB make angles a and t3
with the rod AB, show that the angle 9 which the rod makes with the vertical is
given by
tan 9 = _ _P_+_Q.:;;___
15
Pcota- Qcott3

ュ M ヲセ・MエュQBOUT@ 7 [ P.T.O.

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(c) "Q,Cfi crf ABCD, セ@ セ@ セ@ cfn セ@ at cnT "3;t<f セ@
(vertical plane) il セ@
1%
(fixed) 'ffiCfT m-r t セ@ ciT セ@ セ@ セ i@ 1% セ@ セ@ (endless string), セ@
セ@ 1(> 4a) セG@ セ@ セ@ セ@ セ@ セ@ セ@ @セ セ@ "3itl\ ill:% ft7l HイゥョァIセ@ W\T セi@ ft7l
cnT セ@ W セ@ 3fR セ@ セ@ セ@ it セ@ WT セi@ セ@ fcfi tM cnT (RlCf 1
W( - 3 a) セ@ 1
R セ Q R@ -61a+8a 2
A square ABCD, the length of whose sides is a, is flxed in a vertical plane with
two of its sides horizontal. An endless string of length l(> 4a) passes over four
pegs at the angles of the board and through a ring of weight W which is
hanging vertically. Show that the tension of the string is W(l- 3 a) 20
RセQ R@
- 6la+8a 2

セ@

8. (a) f(r) ヲイゥ」ZーrセL@ セ@ m fcfi \lf = セ@ セ@ /(1) = 0 tn I


r
セ@

Find f(r) such that \lf =セ@ and /(1) = 0. 10


r

fbJ ュセヲ」ゥ@
Prove that

10

(c) 1:% q;uy 1% セ@

セMbュ\ョL@
ヲNャセ\@ h'IT セ@
UID il セi@

Jl( :: r ュセ@
3
'o Om'fd!,

ヲイャ」ZーゥrQセ@
('q\01

Gゥヲセᆱ@
セ@

セア[オケ@
UID 1R 1% セ@

ッセ@
it xセ@
セ@
'R
Hヲゥク・、Iセ@

t iセGᆱ@
0

0
cfn

it 。セ@
(Rtfi

A particle moves in a straight line. Its acceleration is directed towards a fixed

Jl(:: r/
3
point 0 in the line and is always equal to when it is at a distance X

from 0. If it starts from rest at a distance a from 0, then find the time, the
particle will arrive at 0. 15

(d) セ@ fcn セH」。イ、ゥッI@ r = a(1 +cos8) セ@ M セ@ (r, 8) セMHイ。、ゥオウ@ of


curvature) cnT crf イセ@ t1Jild)41cfl セi@ 8 = 0, n , n セ@ セ M セ@ '4t セi@
4 2
For the cardioid r =a(1 + cos8), show that the square of the radius of
curvature at any point (r, 8) is proportional to r. Also find the radius of
curvature if 8 = 0, 7t , 7t . 15
4 2

***
8 7BS- 750

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CS H maゥャ Gセ[ᄋ@ • .t'vo1"
AMZGT\ BM セNャ@ 1..·NZセ@ イセッ@ 1t:..v
IM-ESC-D-MTHI
•1fU1o I MATHE MATIC S
セM@ II I Paper II
セ@ rfl;:r cit
tl7PJ: セSゥ」ョZRUP@
Time Allowed-: Three Hours Maximum Marks : 250 -

セ M セ。ョ@ セゥZエ@
#' "« r[!l P/qfRf&rl JINCh セ@
ij'Q47 JTR1 clr セ@ cn1 t47'1'f!/cn セ@ :
セ@ :mo JrR" # lifT crT &us/' ff セ@ # aw ft.:;ft セ@ セ@ ql;# ff F.W # I
wセ@ WjK7 -qfw セ@ -q; "3FT( # # I
JrR セ@ 1 セ@ 5 31Rcll<l '! ?IWT セ@ ff 8 セ@ &ug 8 w:r-8-w:r セ@ JrR 'jPICh< セ@ rft;r
セ@ -q; "3FT( (tR;rr!: I
JIMCh JrR/'Jfl7T -q; 3icn セ@ <T!1R Wf 7Jr[ '! I
セ@ -q; "3FT( 3ift liT'a/11 ff fffli セ@ セ@ R!&Chl ytj& セ@ "Sfiffl- T:l3f ff fWrr Tfll7 セ@ セ@ セ@
1iT'a/11 w "ffTfiC ytj& jイrMセBSヲH@ (CR[,.#t.l:[.) Jtktct>J -q; g&"-roo w セ@ PR'oc ?=2IFr w twn
\ifRT T::llf&l!. I J(@f&d 1iT'a/11 -q; 31/d!J. fh 3Fll fct?:ft ャゥtセ@ ff fffli 7Jr[ "3FT( W CfiT{ 3fcn ;rtf セ@ I
'lfR SQW」エセRcィ@ "&, ?IT Jl.f!]fh セ@ w T3/2IPf' r:fJMl!., ?MT 3PfCfiT PR'oc r£1Ml!. 1
セ@ 'ffCfi J(@f&d PI" "&, セ@ ?IWT セャFアO」エヲ@ Jl'r:tff:td 'I1RCii 31217 ff J1¥i # I
セ@ -q; '3fW eft 7fUR7 9hlfljHI< eft ii/ll!,'fl I 'lfR Cf)lCf ;rtf "&, aT JIR -q; "3FT( eft 7fUR7 eft ii/ll!,'fl セ@
C(Q' "3FT( 31w-.. W!1 Tfll7 m- 1 jirMセBSヲH@ JtktChl 11 &'TdJ" セ@ g.:m 2/T セ@ ru
3#! セ@ セ@ 8 w
Cf)lCf \ifRT セ@ I
Question Paper Specific Instruct ions
Please read each of the following instructio ns carefully before attemptin g questions :
There are EIGHT questions divided in TWO SECTION S and printed both in HINDI and
in ENGLISH.
Candidate has to attempt FIVE questions in all.
Questions no. 1 and 5 are compulsory and out of the remaining, THREE are to be
attempted choosing at least ONE from each section.
The number of marks carried by a question Ipart is indicated against it.
Answers must be written in the medium authorized in the Admission Certificate which
must be stated clearly on the cover of this Question-cum-Answer (QCA) Booklet in the space
provided. No marks will be given for answers written in a medium other than the
authorized one.
Assume suitable data, if considered necessary, and indicate the same clearly.
Unless and otherwise indicated, symbols and notations carry their usual standard
ュ・。ョセァN@

Attempts of questions shall be counted in sequential order. Unless struck off,. attempt of a
question shall be counted even if attempted partly. Any pa.gP nr pnrtinn nf the page left
blank in the Question-cum-Answer Booklet must be clearly struck off.
M-ESC-D-M TH

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セa@

SECTION A

Ql. セ@ エヲ|セサZ@
Answer all the questions : 10x5=50

(a) 1lR 」ャセqi@ K セ@ セ@ セ@ セ@ K[X], K "tR セ@ セ@ -:q{ X 'ij セ@ q;r crwT セ@ I


セ@ セ@ f E K[X] セ@ セ@ 1lR 」エャセq|@ (f), f セ@ セ@ K[X] .q fJOI\lllqctl セ@
セ@ CfiUIT セ@ I セZエャヲqi@ fcp (f), K[X] 'ij セ@ JRi:f60 fJOI\lllqctl セ@ セ@ 3ltt セ@ セ@
f, K "tR 3i@s;flll セ@ セ@ I

Let K be a field and K [X] be the ring of polynomials over K in a single


variable X. For a polynomial f E K lXI, let (f) denote the ideal in K [XJ
generated by f. Show that (f) is a maximal ideal in K.[X] if and only iff is
an irreducible polynomial over X. UJ

(b) f(x) = x 2 sin .!_ ., 0 < x < oo


X

IDU セ@ lfQI セ@ f : (0, oo) セ@ R セ@ セ@ セZエャヲq|@ fcp セ@ セアcヲャ_TQ@ セ@


g: R セ@ R セ|ゥャ@ f q;r セヲ、r@ cnuiT セ@ I

For ihe function f .: (0, oo) セ@ R given by

f(x) = x 2 sin.!., 0 < x < oo,


X

show that there is a differentiable function g: R セ@ R that extends f. 10


(c) セ@ セ@ {Xn} om {yn} f.{q IDU 3iiJIJOI"id: セ@ mff セZ@

Xn - 1 < Xn < Yn < Yn - 1, R = 2, 3, 4, ...


om RJIJOI"i T^ャヲセQqi@ fen .zyrr セ@ セ@ malJOIH1 (limit) l "tR セ@ mff セG@
.....__ _ _ セ@ セ@ < l < 1 セ@ Q Mセ]
M-ESC-D-MTH 2

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Two sequences サセス@ and {yn} are defined inductively by the following :

1
x.l = -2 ,. Y1 = セ@ and 2Sr - セxョ M Q@ Yn-1 ' n..= 2"' 3, 4,_ •··

__!___ = ! (__!___ +
1
J, n = 2, 3, 4, ...
Yn 2 xn Yn- 1
Prove that
セ@ - 1 < Xn < Yn < Yn - 1, n • 2, 3·, 1, ...

and deduce that both the sequences converge to the same limit l,
where ! < l < 1. 10
セ@

(d) セ@ v(x, y) = x 3 - 3xy2 + 2y lJ.Cf) sャセ」キサI@ @セ セ@ ? 3lCR cfo セ@ firo& 」ヲ^Giセq|@ I


セ@ oT セ@ m, セ@ siセcZヲャ@ セ@ u(x, y) @セ 」ヲ^Giセq|@ セ@ @セ p」ヲセ_エ^@ セ@
)['fqf 」ヲ^Giセq|@ セ@ C4FR'1Ricn セ@ c:n1c;qPtc:n mrr Z@セ u セ@ v @セ 1
Is v(x, y) = x 3 - 3xy2 + 2y a harmonic function ? Prove your claim. If yes,
find its conjugate harmonic function u(x, y) and hence obtain the
analytic function whose real and imaginary parts are u and v
respectivel y. 10

X + 2y セ@ 1, 2x + y セ@ 1, X セ@ 0 <fm y セ@ 0
セ@ ュセ@ 5x + 2y"Cf>T セ@ lJH Sゥャセ`[ア@ fcrttl IDU セ@ cf>'IN1q: I
Find the maximum value of
5x+2y
with constraints
x + Zy セ@ 1, Zx + y セ@ !, x セ@ 0 and y セ@ 0
by graphical method. 10

セ@ セ@ セ@ I Hセ@ セ@ セ@ セ@ セ@ セ@ "Wfj>n)<it CfiT セGゥrQ@ セ@


セ L@ ュMセ[@ 3qqfft セ@ 1)

M-ESC-D-M TH 3

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Show that the series
00

セ@ (- l)n+l
£....J n+l
n =l
is conditionally convergent. (If you use any theorem(s) to show it, then
you must give a proof of that theorem(s).) 15

(b) lfR 」エャセA|@ p セ@ セ@ @セ セ@ jセ@H zP セ@ BQセ|」エGャ@ p セ@ セ@ セ@ Cf;) セ@


Cfi\OT セ@ I gZエャヲセq|@ fcf> ZP COT Slc:liCh Zエャ⦅セ、H@ セ@ ZP cotセ@ I
Let p be a prime number and ZP- denote the additive group of integers
modulo p. Show that every non-zero element of ZP generates ZP. 15

(c) セcヲIHQToi@ 」ヲ^ャセq|@

z = 2x1 +3x2 +6x3

2x1 + x 2 + x 3 セ@ 5
SセKRク。 セ V@

x 1 セ@ 0, x 2 セ@ 0, x3 セ@ 0.
セ@ セエscZ、GBャ@ セ@ SGQセ、T@ セ_@ 3ltH "3ffi: COT セヲT@ セ@ I
Maximize

subject to
2x1 + x 2 + x 3 セ@ 5
3-x2 + 2x3 セ@ 6
x 1 セ@ 0, x2 セ@ 0, x 3 セ@ 0.
Is the optimal solution unique ? Justify your answer. 2o-

Q3. (a) lfR 」ゥャセq|@ K, セ@ F cotセ@ fclfdl< セ@ I fB:& 」ヲ^ャセA|@ fcf> K セ@ L@セ \ill fcf> F 'tR
csfl'lf);q セG@ K cotセ@ iR'ffi セ@ I セ @G セ@ F c K c L @セ セG@ L, K 'q\ afl\if"l;q セ@
セ@ K, F 'q\ aft'lf) 4 セ L@ aar fB:& cf>l セ@ l!\ fcf> L, F 'q\ aft \lfl 4 セ@ I
Let K be an extension of a field F . Prove that the elements of K, which
are algebraic over F, form a subfield of K. Further, ifF c K c L are
fields, Lis algebraic over K and K is algebraic over F, then prove that L
is algebraic over F. 20
M-ESC-D-MTH 4

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(b) セ@

f(x, y) = x 4 + y 4 - 2x2 + 4xy - 2y2


if> ;mG-fa,:rcn 3"ci:l('1l"l (f2D Rh"ictl1 lfR セ@ ch1N1q: I
Find the relati ve maxi mum and minimu1n value s of the funct ion
f(x, y) =x 4 + y 4 - 2x2 + 4xy - 2y2 .
15
(c) lfR 81Niq:
y : [O, 11 セ@ c crsn
y(t) = e2 nit, 0 セ@ t セ@ 1
セ@ I セrャヲ@ セ@ セ@ qf{{ @l! HセI@ (1l1 1Cflfl

Iy
4z 2 - 1
dz

CfiT l1R セ@ cf}) MQ\ I


Let
y: [0, 1] セ@ C be the curve
y(t) = e 2nit, 0 セ@ t セ@ 1.
Find, giving justif icatio ns, the value of the conto ur integ ral
15

I Tコセ
y
M Q@
Q4. (a) Zセャq|@c fcn セ@ セZ@ セ@ セ@ セ@ セ@ I
Show that every algeb raica lly closed field is infin ite.
15
(b) l1R ctlMQ\ f: rセ@ B セ@ セ@ セ@ セ@ m セ@ fcn lim f (x) ({2lJ lim f(x) CfiT
x->+o o x-t- oo
30lf«1fCI セ@ (f2D セ@ qftfi!ct セ@ I セ@ ch1Niq: fcn R "CR f Q\Cfl("il""!H セ@ セ@ I
Let f : R セ@ R be a conti nuou s funct ion such that lim f(x) and lim f(x)
x---t+oo x---t - oo
exist and are finite. Prove that f is unifo rmly conti nuou s on R.
15
Cc) セ@ ch1 R1 Q\ fcn セ@ pJufi セ@ セ@ ern セ@ セ@ セ@ ヲ」ャセQ@ セcヲI@
t:rf('f
セ@ cn1
Rセヲア@ ct cn«fT セ@ I
Prove that every powe r serie s repre sents an 。ュセ ャ ケエNゥセ@ fnnr:-tion insid e its
circle of convergence.
20
M-ES C-D- MTH 5

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SEC TION B

Q5. セ」サInQZ@
10><5=50
Answ er all the ques tions :

(a) x 2 + y + z = cz セ@
2 2 セ@ 1"fQ; セ@ セ@ セ@ セ@ C1klCf)lUft<:J セ@ CflT Oll lqCf)

f14)Cf){OI -m<f 」ヲスIセ@ q: I

spher es
Find the gene ral equa tion of surfa ces ortho gona l to the famil y of
2 2 2 10
given by x + y + z = cz.

(b) CFn セ@ q = [z - 2 2 22
x, 2y - 3z - Y, x - 3y- ] セ@ セ@ cfa 'l,;!Mf!dl セ@ セG@
r r r

q (u, v, w) ct>ldf<:l セ@ -q セ@ セ@ \ャセ@ 1 = (x, y, コ I セ@ r 2 =x2 + y + コ


2 R
セ_@
セ@
¥ x2 + y 2 = 9, z = 0 -q qfhi :q{OI (circu lation ) CFn セ@ ?

q = [z- 2rx, 2y- 3z- 2rY, x- 3y - rZ]


2
Does a fluid with veloc ity

posse ss vortic ity, wher e q (u, v, w) is the veloc ity in the Carte sian
2 2 2 2 in the
fram e, 1 = (x, y, z) and r = x + y + z ? Wha t is the circu lation
2 2
z =0 ? 10
circle x + y = 9,

:rm-Cf)11T, \!IT セ@ セ@ セ@ セEQヲエ@ (space) -q liRIAH セG@ Cfil


(c) m S::OlllOIH CflT セ@
= 0 W- セM セ@ "B セSヲゥ@ セ@ 、Bセ@ 't セ@ "Y\ ヲ_セ@
fcr:qn: ch1 Nl Q\ I @セ r.fiTTf t Cf){(IT

ャ@ セG@ "ill セm」MVャ@ セ@ セ。jut@ "CRR S cnl x, y, z, 't セ@ セ@


(x, y, z) "Y\ ア セBcャ、
1:f)&f

セ@ セ@ -q -m<f 」ヲスIセアZ@ I

r no
Cons ider a singl e free parti cle of mass m, movi ng in space unde
es the
forces . If the parti cle start s from the origi n at t = 0 and reach
ion S
posit ion (x, y, z) at time 't, find the Ham ilton 's chara cteris tic funct
セ コzNLQGエ セN M M セ loM
。セウヲョ オ イョセ」エゥlッ セョ ッイヲ ク ク セ Lカケ

M-ES C-D- MTH 6

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Cd) R8Rif"{s[a セAエャQT」@ セSQ@ q;l セ@ セMSidNャヲエ@ セ@ セMSidNャヲエ@ セSu@ -q
」ウエセr]@ Ql :
(i) TPYV セ@

(ii) 0·4375
(in) 2048·0625'
Convert the following decimal numbers to equivalent binary and
ョセク。」ヲュャ@ numlJerR : IO
(i) 4096
(ii) 0·4375
(iii) 2048·0625
(e) SゥセicヲI@ 3iC(Cf)c:1 セTIcヲサoi@

(y + zx) p - (x + yz) q = x 2 - y2
cnT 0414Cf> セTQcヲ^@ セ@ 」ィャセqi@ I
Find the general integral of the partial differential equation
(y + zx) p - (x + yz) q = x 2 - y2. 10

Q6. {a) `ヲャセサui@ z- = p 2 - q 2 セ@ セ@ セ@ 」ヲゥャセL@ セ@ q(-cfAA 4z- of- r = 6;


y = 0 セ@ @セ CI'Tc:1T セQTcヲ^」Z@ セ@ セ@ Tゥャセqi@ I
Determine the characteristics of the equation z = p 2 - q2 , and find the
integral surface which passes through the parabola 4z + x 2 = 0, y = 0. 15
(b) Wr U i セ@ セQrヲT@ Sゥ・」ヲャセT@ セ@ cfiT qicヲIセjoャ@ m\T -ij セM@ 0 'R sicセ、ャ@ m cnT
セ@ セ@ セ@ W9 セ@ I セャq[@ fc& セ@ セ@ セ@ セ@ P 1:R w]ヲ セ@ セ@ <J>- q:;r- lfR-
m - Ur cos PセL@ セ@ OP = イセ@ O"Cffl ct>luJ セ@ \iil at , セ@ i セ@ セ@ GHffiT
r
セ@ 1 セrイィウオ。ョ@ cnr Sゥ」エ^セ@ セャGヲエ」^|oi@ セ@ 」rャセアZ@ セ@ セAエャヲアZ@ fc6 セ@ セ@
Ur2 sin2 e - 2m cos 。]Mセ@ (constant} 'R セ@ セ@ I

A simple source of strength m is fixed at the origin 0 in a uniform


セ@
stream of incompressible fluid moving with velocity U i . Show that the
velocity potential <jr at any point P of the stream is m - Ur-cos- e, where
セ@ r セ@
OP = r and 0 is the angle which OP makes with the direction i . Find
the differential equation of the streamlines and show that they lie on the
surfaces Ur2 sin2 e- 2m cosO =-constant. 15
M-ESC-D-MTH 7

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(c) llH 」エャセq|@ [0, 1] セ@ セ@ X E f\x) e 2 X cos Sクセ@
= I m X= 0, 0·3, X= 0·6
X=

w.rr x = 11R 'ti""Rf 3 セ@ セュゥ|ャ@ ゥ、Tセョ@S セ@ q;J セGャHQ@ Cf>@ セ@ tto·5) セ@ lfR q;J
3i"ICf)(1"i 4i'lf?IQ\ I SゥセサャHQ@ [0, 1] 1R セ@ セ@ w.rr C41fdfclq=; セ@ E(0·5) q;J
セTゥQq|@ I
Let f(x) = e 2X cos 3x, for X E ro, 11. Estimate the value of f(0·5 ) using
Lagrange interpolating polynomial of degree 3 over the nodes x = 0,
x = 0·3, x = 0·6 and x = 1. Also, compute the error bound over the
interval [0, 1] and the actual error E(0·5). 20

Q'T. (a) Sゥセャ\ZヲI@ 3iq<:f)(1 セャBHIア[^サu@

a3 z
-
a3 z
- 2 ----::---
ax3 ax2ay
セ@ セ@ 」ヲゥャセq|@ I
Solve the partial differential equation
a3z
- - 2
a3z -
a3z + a
2-
3z
= e x+y 15
axa ax2ay ax ay2 aya

(b) セSti@ a, b (a < 「 I セ@ セ@ @セ Jflct);q セ@ セ@ セ@ eta '\if1TQ q;) セ@ p セ@ セ@


セ@ cqu Tf41 t t セ@ セ@ q;) J(fa'lH B\ZヲI|セG@ セ@ セ@ q;) xMセ@ .q WI u
セ@ ュセ@ w.rr セ@ セ@ cnr ケMセ@ .q WI カセ@ ュセL@ mセヲq|@ fcf> セ・エ。@
セLwi@

q, = {a u (1+%br-
3 3 3
) x- bv(1 +% a r- y}
3 3 3
)

(b3 - a3)

セ@ セ@ '\iiTCft t, セ@ セ@ = x2 + r + z2 w.rT pャセQェア[@ {"f'li1fUtq;; セ@ I セ@ セ@ セ@


セ@ セ@ 11{ セ@ Cf)llfR h\ZヲIiwエセ@ I
The space between two concentric spherical shells of radii a, b (a < b) is
filled with a liquid of density p. If the shells are set in motion, the inner
one with velocity U in the x-direction and the outer one with velocity V
in the y-direction, then show that the initial motion of the liquid is given
by velocity potential

_{a3u (!+% b3r - 3 )x- b3v(l+%a3 r - 3 )Y}


<I> - (b3 - a3 ) '

where r 2 = x2 + r
+ z 2, the coordinates being rectangular. Evaluate the
20
velocity at any point of the- liquid.
M-ESC-D-MTH 8

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(c) l;tlll'f><il J1

-1
f(x) dx ih セG@ <;JUf$t; f<l> セM@ l1rnf セGヲ^\ゥャ@ f.i>m,

J
1

f(x)rlx =i(}a) +i(-}a)


-1

i::lU セ@ >rlT セ@ I @セ f.i>m "'f>T $td ll I<il BGセ^F@ セ@ J


4

2
2x ex dx "'f>T 3ll Gヲ^\ゥャセ@ <tlFil u; I

For an integral J f(x) dx, show that the two-point Gauss quadrature

-1

rule is given by J
-1
1

f(x) dx = r( ]a) + r(-]a) . Using this rule, estimate

J 2xexdx. 15

Q8. (a) Hvヲォエャセ@ 10 em ッセ@ セ@ セMアヲサゥAZ@ cnr セlヲIHv@ 1 cm2 <tl セ@ <tl セ@ セ@ -ij
セQGpBャh@ u(x, t) 'ffffi {lf.3tQ\ I TJT7T セZヲャmq|@ セ@ p - 10 G gA.;u/\ セ@ エZuセi|oヲゥオャ@
K = セᄋPT@ .cal/ (em sec °C) Hヲセ@ = 0·056 cal/g ᄚcセ@
riセscZ@ セ@ cr セ@ セ [@
q If?cfct> セ@ (perfectly isolated laterally) t, lBU cnT 0°C 'lR \00 セ@ t (f4T

セ@ dlqtfH f(x) =sin (0·1 7tX) oct I セ@ セ@ セ@ u(x, t) セ@ etftCfl(UJ

ut = c2 uxx cnr 3ijlltf"'f Cfi«fT t, セ@ c2 =K I (p cr) t I

Find the temperature u(x, t) in a bar of silver of length 10 em and


constant cross-section of area 1 cm2 . Let density p = 10·6 g!cm3 , thermal
conductivity K = 1·04 cal I (em sec °C) and specific heat cr = 0·056 cal/g oc.
The bar is perfectly isolated laterally, with ends kept at ooc and
initial temperature f(x);: sin (0·1 me) °C. N.ote that u(x, t) foHowR thP. hP.Rt
equation ut = c2 uxx, where c2 = K I (p cr). 20
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(b) HNQセ@ l <fm !geniC! セ@ CfiTuT <1> セ@ ュセ@ セ@ セ@ セ@ セQT、エ@ "tR r セ@ Cf>T セ@ セ@
セ@ M ゥQヲ^セャ@ セ@ QT^\Bエャ。@セ
WI セ@ I セM・ョI@ rセZエャゥ」ョ@ セ@ セ@ I セエャL@ セ@
セ@ W, oT セ@ ・ヲ^Qセq|@ I セ@ セ@ WrQ\ t1!'1i\J[l セjZヲエ」ョサoi@ セヲオjq|@ I セ@ "liT セ@ セ@
セ@ セjゥG、サQ@ セ@ セ@ fm "tR セ@ セ@ セ@ セ@ MTゥャセ@ i
A hoop with radius r is rolling, without slipping, down an inclined plane
of length l and with angle of inclination <j>. Assign appropriat-e
generalized coordinates to the system. Determine the constraints, if any.
'
Write down the Lagrangian equations for the system. Hence or
otherwise determine the velocity of the hoop at the bottom of the
inclined plane. 15

(c) l:fH A, B, cセ@


セq|@ セ@ G@セ ACf>T セaG@ aorbセ@ セ@
&i\ilcn A + B <fm A AND B @セ セ@ &i\ilcn A • B セ@ I err rセヲオj。@ &i\ilcn Cf1)
セ@ 4>1 セ@ Q\ <fm AND セ@ OR セ@ Cf>T セ\rI@ 141(.1 セ@ s;Q\ セサ」ャI@ <"tid <Xi\if en Cf>T
セ`trZャq|@ 1
- - -
A. (A+ B +C). (A + B +C). (A+ B +C). (A+ B + C).
-
Let A, B, C be Boolean variables, A denote complement of A, A + B is an
expression for A ORB and A. B is an expression for A AND B. Then
simplify the f-ollowing ex-pression and draw a block -diagram of the
simplified expression, using AND and OR gates.
- - -
A. (A +-B +-c). (A + B +-c). (A+ B +C). (A +-B +-c). 15

M•ESC-D-M'FH 10·

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