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I.

DATA AND RESULTS


TABLE 1.1 MEASUREMENTS
(HOLLOW PLASTIC CYLINDER) (MARBLE)
USING
USING RULER USING VERNIER CALIPER MICROMETER
TRIAL CALIPER
DIAMETER D DIAMETER D
HEIGHT HEIGHT H DIAMETER D
(cm) (cm)
H (cm) (cm) (cm)
OUTSIDE INSIDE OUTSIDE INSIDE
1 2.00 1.65 4.45 2.04 1.64 4.42 1.444
2 2.00 1.65 4.40 2.00 1.63 4.45 1.447
3 2.00 1.65 4.40 2.00 1.63 4.44 1.447
ARITHMETIC
2.00 1.65 4.42 2.013 1.63 4.44 1.446
MEAN x̄
d1 0 0 0.03 0.27 0.01 0.02 0.002
ABSOLUTE
d2 0 0 0.02 0.013 0 0.01 0.001
DEVIATION
d3 0 0 0.02 0.013 0 0 0.001
∑d 0 0 0.06 0.053 0.01 0.03 0.004
đ 0 0 0.023 0.018 0.0033 0.01 0.0013
∂ 0 0 0.013 0.0104 0.0019 0.0057 0.00077
+ 2.00 1.65 4.433 2.0234 1.6319 4.4457 1.447
B.O.V.
- 2.00 1.65 4.407 2.0026 1.6281 4.4343 1.445

TABLE 1.2 DERIVED QUANTITIES AND PERCENTAGE ERROR


(HOLLOW PLASTIC
(MARBLE)
CYLINDER)
VENIER
RULER MICROMETER CALIPER
CALIPER
MASS m, g 6.80 6.80 5.10
MEAN INSIDE DIAMETER D, cm 1.65 1.63 1.446
MEAN OUTSIDE DIAMETER D, cm 2.00 2.013
MEAN HEIGHT H, cm 4.42 4.44
VOLUME V, 𝒄𝒎 𝟑 4.43479 4.86554 1.5831
DENSITY ρ, 𝒈/ EXPERIMENTAL 1.53 1.40 3.22
𝒄𝒎𝟑 THEORETICAL 1.33 1.33 2.56
% ERROR 15.04% 5.26% 25.78%

II. EVALUATION

1. What is the significance of computing the absolute deviation in the experiment


done?
2. Differentiate the advantages of using the ruler, micrometer caliper and the Vernier
caliper.
3. Explain the difference of accuracy from precision
Accuracy refers to how close a measurement agrees with a known value of that
measurement. If measurements were compared to shots at a target, the measurements
would be the holes and the bullseye, the known value. This illustration shows holes fairly
close to the center of the target but scattered widely. This set of measurements would be
considered accurate.
Accuracy is important in a measurement, but it is not all that is needed. Precision refers to
how well the measurements compare to each other. In this illustration, the holes are
clustered closely together. This set of measurements is considered to have high precision.
Note that none of the holes are near the center of the target. Precision alone is not enough
to make good measurements. It is also important to be accurate. Accuracy and precision
work best when they work together.
4. Did you encounter any difficulty in using the measuring instruments? Why?
5. What can you say about the values that you have computed for part A and the
percentage errors that you got for part B? How do these tools help you evaluate
your data?

III. REAL LIFE APPLICATIONS

The concept of measurements is important as it is one of the foundations of science. It is


defined as a collection of quantitative or numerical data that describes a property of an
object or event. It is made by comparing a quantity with a standard unit.

Helmenstine, Anne Marie, Ph.D. (2018, July 22). Measurement Definition in Science.
Retrieved from https://www.thoughtco.com/definition-of-measurement-605880
Helmenstine, Todd. (2018, October 19). Measurement and Standards Study Guide.
Retrieved from https://www.thoughtco.com/measurement-and-standards-study-guide-
609335

1. To measure length using the following: ruler, Vernier caliper and micrometer
caliper
2. To determine the limit of accuracy of the different measuring devices
3. To differentiate precision of measurements and accuracy of measurements
4. To apply some elementary quantitative tools to evaluate measured quantities