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Final Assessment Test – April 2018

Course: ECE3002 - VLSI System Design


Class NBR(s): 1485 / 1488 / 1491 / 1495 / 1499 / 1504 Slot: A2+TA2
Time: Three Hours Max. Marks: 100
General Instructions:
i) k’n = 140 µA/V2, Vtn = 0.4V, VDD = 3V, k’p = 60µA/V2, Vtp = -0.4V, Cox =1.6x10-6F/cm2, γ = 0.5 (V1/2),
2|φF|= 0.6V, λ = 0.7V-1.
ii) Assume relevant data wherever it is necessary.
iii) Assume missing data if any with justification.
Answer ALL Questions
(10 X 10 = 100 Marks)

1. Find the region of operation for each transistor in Fig.1. Calculate the drain current in each of the [10]
cases.

Fig.1

2. Derive the drain current equation of NMOS transistor at various regions of operations. Discuss any [10]
three non-ideal effects.

3. a) Determine the value of Out in Fig. 2 if A, B and C is HIGH and LOW. [6]

Fig. 2
b) Compare the merits and demerits of FinFET with CMOS devices. [4]

4. i. Derive the expression for output voltage of CMOS inverter at region C. Determine the transistor [10]
size ratio so that VM = 1.5V
ii. If you desire to design an inverter such that NMH> NML, then how do you size the NMOS and
PMOS transistors of the inverter? Explain your answer.

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5. Calculate the path delay from in to out. In order to minimize the delay, what should the size of the [10]
gates in Fig. 3 from In to Out.

Fig. 3

6. i) What is the logic function implemented by the CMOS transistor network in Fig. 4? Size the [10]
NMOS and PMOS devices so that the output resistance is the same as that of an inverter with an
NMOS W/L = 4 and PMOS W/L = 8.
ii) What are the input patterns that give the worst case tpHL and tpLH.

Fig. 4

7.(a) Identify the logic function of the stick diagram in Fig.5 [10]
i) sketch a transistor-level schematic
ii) estimate the area from the stick diagram for λ = 65 nm.

Fig. 5

OR
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7.(b) For the CMOS compounded OAI21 logic [10]
i. sketch a transistor-level schematic
ii. draw the optimized stick diagram using Euler’s path.
iii. estimate the area from the stick diagram for λ = 90 nm.

8. Complete the following questions. [10]


i. Identify the logic shown in Fig. 6.
ii. What function X and Y does this circuit realize?
iii. Design the circuit using n type domino logic.

Fig. 6

9. Design Pulsed Latches and Enabled Latches. Explain the operation of latches using waveforms. [10]

10.(a) Design a 16-bit adder using 4-bit Carry Look ahead Adder. Discuss the limitation in direct realization [10]
16-bit Carry Look ahead Adder.

OR

10.(b) Discuss in detail about the design and working of 4-bit Barrel shifter. [10]

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