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Machine shorthand

Module 2
What this module are all about:

Good Day!!! Students, let’s explore your mind to


know about the machine shorthand. Exercise your finger
be ready for striking different stroke. Electronic shorthand
is the fastest means of creating text and is an invaluable
technology for any business or organization with a need to
input text to a computer or create hard-copy text.

What you are expected to learn:

Explain the function of part of machine shorthand.


Discuss the essentials in the operation of machine shorthand.
Discuss the importance of speed and accuracy in typing.
Observe typing standard.

How to learn from this module

Close your eyes and open you mind upon holding, striking and
touching the shorthand machine to make a good stroke.

Relax and be confident to your skills and knowledge that you can
strike the machine until the last drop of your knowledge. Do the
best thing that you can.
Pre-test
1. If you type “S” what finger you are going to strike?
A. Left thumb finger
B. Left small finger
C. right small finger
D. none of the above
2. In the machine shorthand the first principle that you will learn is
to write only the ________ of the word.

A. letter

B. vowels

C. sound

D. none of the above

3. To write the period what keys are you going to strike?

A. FBLT

B. AUEO

C. TPH

D. RVGS

4. The machine shorthand is manually operated and spaces


automatically at each keyboard stroke when keys are released
completely.

A. true

B. false

C. sometimes

D. all of the above

5. As you start in the keyboard always writing your fingers at the

A. Home Keys

B. Keyboard
C. Machine Shorthand

D. Steno

2 – 1 SKILL WARMUP AND REVIEW

This is a review of lesson one. Practice the following letters,


words and punctuation mark. Use quick, relaxed strokes and let your
fingers do the writing.

S S T T A A -T T . . U U
S S -T -T

ate sat you state suit say


Sue stew suit sat ate stay

2 – 2 NEW LETTERS: Final S (-S), Initial Z (S) and Final Z (-Z)

Write –S with the right little finger on the key just below –T key.

Initial Z is represented by initial S which is controlled by the


left small finger

Final Z is adjacent to –S. Depress –Z by extending the right little


finger sideward.

2–3 KEYBOARD PRACTICE

-S -S -Z -Z T U A A S S -S
-S -T

says stays stews sues says


as says us stays stews

2 – 4 CONSONANT COMPOUNDS

To write the consonant compounds –TS, depress the crack


between –T and –S by the right small finger.
Write suits – SUTS in one stroke and states – STATS in one
stroke.

Practice these words several times.

2 – 5 KEYBOARD PRACTICE

Practice the following words smoothly. Remember to write the


consonant compounds as one automatic response.

Stay stays state states us


stew
stews suits sue as ate
sat

2 – 6 MACHINE SHORTHAND ABBREVIATIONS

Words which are frequently used in conversation and other


commonly used words are written by abbreviating these words during
dictation. Here are the first sets of abbreviations.

WORDS MS ABBREVIATIONS
SENTENCES

is, his S
His suit is Sue’s. T
at, the, it T A
Sue ate the S A T
stew ST
take
Take a suit.

Saturday
Stay Saturday.
street State the street.

2-7 MACHINE SHORTHAND DERIVATIVES


TAKE as an abbreviation is represented by TA. The word takes is
written in Machine Shorthand by adding S to the abbreviated word –
TAS. A variation of an abbreviation is called derivatives. Another
example is STS for streets.

T A S
ST S

2 – 8 PHRASING

PHRASES MS ABBREVIATIONS SENTENCES

is the S
State is the street T
is a S A
Sat is a state T
street. T
T A
at the T
Sue stays at the street.
take the Take the stew.

2-9 Keyboard practice

Practice the following short sentences with a quick and relaxed


stroke. Be sure to remember the abbreviations you have learned.

Take us. Take the stew. Sue takes the stew Saturday. Take the
suit. The stew is Sue’s. Stay at the State Street. Sue is at the
street. The suit is Sue’s. Take the suit.

Now that you know those phrases and abbreviations do this


activity.
Ask your tutor to guide you.
Activity 2
1. Let’s help Kelly wants to read these notes in a fastest way.

T A
T
S U
T
F P LT
T A
T
S U
T
S A
T
FPL
T
T A
ST U
T U

1. Kelly wants to know what the first sentence is.


2. Kelly wants to know the derivatives.

Did you tell Kelly what was her going to do in an easiest way. I hope
you did.
Now let us assess how much you have learned in this matter.

Self check

Direction: Read each item carefully and select the best letter of your
answer.

1. What finger being use by writing the consonant compounds –TS.?

a. Ring finger c. small finger


b. middle finger d. thumb finger

2. What is the initial to be use by initial S which is controlled by the left


small finger?

a. initials S c. small finger

B. initial T d. thumb finger

3. What are the machine shorthand abbreviations?

a. her, him c. derivative

b. is, his d. abbreviation

4. What do you called the variation of an abbreviation?

a. consonant c. sentences

b. derivatives d. vowel

5. It is a Machine Shorthand is writhing more than one word in one


stroke.

a. phrasing c. sentences

b. derivatives d. consonant

Mrs. Lea B. Lopez


(English teacher)
Editor

s
Ms. Grace Elacion Baloro
(Bachelor in business teacher education)
Author