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#2 Distinguish

a. Acts Jure Imperii and acts jure gestionis of states

Acts Jure Imperii are governmental acts of States , while acts jure gestionis are
commercial acts of States. The former acts qualify for State immunity, while the latter
acts are not.
b. Justiciable and Political questions
Justiciable questions are controversies to be settled by the Courts wherein there are
rights (property or personal rights) involved which are legally demandable and
enforceable. While, political questions are issues dependent upon the wisdom, not the
validity or legality, of a particular measure or a contested act which are to be decided by
the people in their sovereign capacity, or in regard to which full discretionary authority
has been delegated to the legislative or executive branch of the government.
c. Journal and Record of Congress
The Journal is a sequentially lists the legislative actions, including messages,
communications, and petitions received, measures considered, orders granted, rulings,
and votes taken . While Record is a daily transcript of legislative activity.

#3 What are the limitations of the power of the congress or its committees to conduct legislative

(1) the power must be exercised in aid of legislation;

(2) it must be in accordance with the duly published rules of procedure and
(3) the rights of persons appearing in or affected by such inquiries shall be respected.

#5 As stated in the 1987 Constitution, what are the instances when the 2 houses of Congress meet in
joint session?

1. To declare the existence of a state of war

2. Canvassing of votes after a presidential election
3. Every State of the Nation Address
4. Revocation or extension of the
a. Proclamation of martial law, or
b. Suspension of the privilege of the writ of habeas corpus

#6 Which of the following Presidential appointments is/are not subject to confirmation by the
Commission on Appointments?
a. Colonel in the Philippine Airforce
b. Consul
c. Philippine Ambassador to the Courts of St. James
d. Captain of the Philippine Army – not subject
e. Director-General of the National Intelligence Coordinating Agency – not subject
f. Secretary of the Department of Agriculture
g. None of the Above