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HUAWEI SGSN9810(UAG) Serving GPRS Support

Node
V800R009C10

Product Description

Issue 01
Date 2011-01-30

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.


Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. 2011. All rights reserved.
No part of this document may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means without prior written
consent of Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd.

Trademarks and Permissions

and other Huawei trademarks are trademarks of Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd.
All other trademarks and trade names mentioned in this document are the property of their respective holders.

Notice
The purchased products, services and features are stipulated by the contract made between Huawei and the
customer. All or part of the products, services and features described in this document may not be within the
purchase scope or the usage scope. Unless otherwise specified in the contract, all statements, information,
and recommendations in this document are provided "AS IS" without warranties, guarantees or representations
of any kind, either express or implied.

The information in this document is subject to change without notice. Every effort has been made in the
preparation of this document to ensure accuracy of the contents, but all statements, information, and
recommendations in this document do not constitute the warranty of any kind, express or implied.

Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd.


Address: Huawei Industrial Base
Bantian, Longgang
Shenzhen 518129
People's Republic of China

Website: http://www.huawei.com
Email: support@huawei.com

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HUAWEI SGSN9810(UAG) Serving GPRS Support Node
Product Description About This Document

About This Document

Purpose
This document mainly describes the features, system architecture, services and functions,
operation and maintenance, reliability, technical specifications, and installation procedure of the
SGSN9810(UAG).

Related Versions
The following table lists the product versions related to this document.

Product Name Version

SGSN9810(UAG) V800R009C10

Intended Audience
The intended audiences of this document are:
l Installation engineers
l Operation & maintenance personnel
l Technicians

Organization
1 Product Positioning and Features

2 System Structure

3 Product Functions

4 Configurations

5 Operation and Maintenance

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HUAWEI SGSN9810(UAG) Serving GPRS Support Node
About This Document Product Description

6 Technical Index

Conventions
Symbol Conventions

The symbols that may be found in this document are defined as follows.

Symbol Description

Indicates a hazard with a high level of risk, which if not


avoided, will result in death or serious injury.

Indicates a hazard with a medium or low level of risk, which


if not avoided, could result in minor or moderate injury.

Indicates a potentially hazardous situation, which if not


avoided, could result in equipment damage, data loss,
performance degradation, or unexpected results.

Indicates a tip that may help you solve a problem or save


time.

Provides additional information to emphasize or supplement


important points of the main text.

General Conventions

The general conventions that may be found in this document are defined as follows.

Convention Description

Times New Roman Normal paragraphs are in Times New Roman.

Boldface Names of files, directories, folders, and users are in


boldface. For example, log in as user root.

Italic Book titles are in italics.


Courier New Examples of information displayed on the screen are in
Courier New.

Command Conventions

The command conventions that may be found in this document are defined as follows.

Convention Description

Boldface The keywords of a command line are in boldface.

iv Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Issue 01 (2011-01-30)


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HUAWEI SGSN9810(UAG) Serving GPRS Support Node
Product Description About This Document

Convention Description

Italic Command arguments are in italics.

[] Items (keywords or arguments) in brackets [ ] are optional.

{ x | y | ... } Optional items are grouped in braces and separated by


vertical bars. One item is selected.

[ x | y | ... ] Optional items are grouped in brackets and separated by


vertical bars. One item is selected or no item is selected.

{ x | y | ... }* Optional items are grouped in braces and separated by


vertical bars. A minimum of one item or a maximum of all
items can be selected.

[ x | y | ... ]* Optional items are grouped in brackets and separated by


vertical bars. Several items or no item can be selected.

GUI Conventions
The GUI conventions that may be found in this document are defined as follows.

Convention Description

Boldface Buttons, menus, parameters, tabs, window, and dialog titles


are in boldface. For example, click OK.

> Multi-level menus are in boldface and separated by the ">"


signs. For example, choose File > Create > Folder.

Keyboard Operations
The keyboard operations that may be found in this document are defined as follows.

Format Description

Key Press the key. For example, press Enter and press Tab.

Key 1+Key 2 Press the keys concurrently. For example, pressing Ctrl+Alt
+A means the three keys should be pressed concurrently.

Key 1, Key 2 Press the keys in turn. For example, pressing Alt, A means
the two keys should be pressed in turn.

Mouse Operations
The mouse operations that may be found in this document are defined as follows.

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HUAWEI SGSN9810(UAG) Serving GPRS Support Node
About This Document Product Description

Action Description

Click Select and release the primary mouse button without moving
the pointer.

Double-click Press the primary mouse button twice continuously and


quickly without moving the pointer.

Drag Press and hold the primary mouse button and move the
pointer to a certain position.

Update History
Updates between document versions are cumulative. Therefore, the latest document version
contains all updates made to previous versions.
Updates in Issue 01 (2011-01-30)
Initial commercial release.

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HUAWEI SGSN9810(UAG) Serving GPRS Support Node
Product Description Contents

Contents

About This Document...................................................................................................................iii


1 Product Positioning and Features...........................................................................................1-1
2 System Structure.........................................................................................................................2-1
3 Product Functions.......................................................................................................................3-1
4 Configurations............................................................................................................................4-1
5 Operation and Maintenance....................................................................................................5-1
6 Technical Index...........................................................................................................................6-1

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HUAWEI SGSN9810(UAG) Serving GPRS Support Node
Product Description Figures

Figures

Figure 1-1 Network structure of the uBro entire system solution........................................................................1-2


Figure 1-2 SGSN9810(UAG) appearance............................................................................................................1-4
Figure 2-1 Cabinet configuration of the SGSN9810(UAG)................................................................................ 2-2
Figure 2-2 Boards in the switching subrack ........................................................................................................2-3
Figure 2-3 SGSN9810 (UAG) extension subrack................................................................................................2-5
Figure 2-4 Structure of the SGSN9810(UAG) software .....................................................................................2-7
Figure 2-5 Logical structure of the SGSN9810(UAG)........................................................................................2-8
Figure 4-1 Full configuration of the SGSN9810(UAG)...................................................................................... 4-2
Figure 4-2 Typical configuration of the SGSN9810(UAG) (supporting 25000 APs).........................................4-4
Figure 4-3 Typical configuration of the SGSN9810(UAG) (supporting 50000 APs).........................................4-6
Figure 5-1 O&M system of the SGSN9810(UAG)..............................................................................................5-1
Figure 5-2 Transmission model of the SSL channel............................................................................................5-4
Figure 6-1 Maximum permissible lower limit of input jitter and wander............................................................6-4

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HUAWEI SGSN9810(UAG) Serving GPRS Support Node
Product Description Tables

Tables

Table 2-1 Function of boards configured in the switching subrack.....................................................................2-3


Table 2-2 Descriptions of boards in the extension subrack..................................................................................2-6
Table 3-1 Basic Functions....................................................................................................................................3-1
Table 3-2 Optional Functions...............................................................................................................................3-6
Table 6-1 SGSN9810(UAG) primary performance indexes................................................................................6-1
Table 6-2 External physical interfaces offered by the SGSN9810(UAG)........................................................... 6-1
Table 6-3 Technical parameters of the clock system in the SGSN9810(UAG) ..................................................6-2
Table 6-4 Power consumption of the SGSN9810(UAG).....................................................................................6-4
Table 6-5 Size and weight of the cabinet in the SGSN9810(UAG).....................................................................6-5
Table 6-6 SGSN9810(UAG) reliability indexes.................................................................................................. 6-6

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Product Description 1 Product Positioning and Features

1 Product Positioning and Features

This section includes the following contents:

l Product Positioning
l Product Features

Product Positioning

l uBro Entire System Solution


l Overview of the SGSN9810(UAG)

uBro Entire System Solution

With increasing extension and application of the GPRS/UMTS network, the network defects are
gradually detected.

l Incomplete indoor network coverage


Taking human health into consideration, macro cells cannot realize indoor penetration by
simply increasing transmission power. Therefore, the indoor mobile signals are weak or
even missing.
l Insufficient service bandwidth
The limited bandwidth of macro cells is shared by multiple users. As a result, the network
cannot offer sufficient bandwidth to each user.
l High operation and maintenance (O&M) costs
Carriers shoulder complete responsibilities for the maintenance and upgrade costs of the
base station devices. The O&M costs increase with the expansion of the network scale.

To solve the above problems, Huawei suggests a uBro entire system solution based on the UAP.

The uBro entire system solution introduces two new devices, namely, the UMTS Access Point
(UAP for short) and the UMTS Access Gateway (UAG for short), to the current GPRS/UMTS
network to make up for the network defects.

The UAP is a UMTS access device for family use. It integrates the functions of the NodeB and
the RNC, and offers wireless access services to families or SOHO users. The UAP is connected
to the UAG through the family broadband device. The UAG implements the access to the UMTS
core network.

Figure 1-1 shows the network structure of the uBro entire system solution.

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HUAWEI SGSN9810(UAG) Serving GPRS Support Node
1 Product Positioning and Features Product Description

Figure 1-1 Network structure of the uBro entire system solution

MSC Server

RNC MGW
NodeB

Internet /
Intranet
AP SGSN
AG
Indoor

Outdoor UMTS CN

Clock Server AHR

The newly introduced NEs in the uBro entire system solution are listed as follows:

l UMTS Access Point (UAP)


The UAP offers the UMTS wireless access function, which includes wireless modulation,
wireless resource management, and power control.
l UMTS Access Gateway (UAG)
The UAG offers management and controlling functions of the UAP. Simultaneously, the
UAG forwards data between the UAP and core network devices, such as the SGSN9810,
MSC server, and MGW.
l UAP Home Register (AHR)
The UAP home register offers the UAP and UAG with the position information on the
UAP, subscription information, and MS access controlling list.
l Clock server
The clock server offers the UAP with time source based on the IP address.

The uBro entire system solution can make up for the 3G network defects because the UAP is a
device for end users.

l Benefits for carriers


– The solution efficiently solves the problem of indoor GPRS/UMTS network coverage
and meets users' requirements for high-rate services.
– The installation and maintenance costs of the UAP device are low. In addition, the UAP
supports automatic software upgrade and configuration, and automatic network
planning. The UAP device can be widely deployed by carriers.
l Benefits for end users
You can enjoy indoor 3G network services of high quality and cheap price because the
NodeB wireless access resources are not occupied when the UAP devices are used to
perform service applications.

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Product Description 1 Product Positioning and Features

The investments of UAP users are effectively protected because the UAP supports the
management and access control of authorized users, which prohibits the UAP from being
occupied by UEs of unauthorized users.
Overview of the SGSN9810(UAG)
SGSN9810(UAG) is a product designed based on telecommunications service. It has large
capacity and high reliability.
The SGSN9810(UAG) can be used in a GPRS and UMTS network. It supports up to 3 million
subscribers attached to the network at the same time.
Figure 1-2 shows the SGSN9810(UAG) appearance.

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HUAWEI SGSN9810(UAG) Serving GPRS Support Node
1 Product Positioning and Features Product Description

Figure 1-2 SGSN9810(UAG) appearance

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HUAWEI SGSN9810(UAG) Serving GPRS Support Node
Product Description 1 Product Positioning and Features

The SGSN9810(UAG) provides a wide range of services, functions, protocol interfaces, and
physical interfaces. Built on the mature platform of HUAWEI products, it is reliable and easy
to operate.
The main functions of the SGSN9810(UAG) are listed as follows:
l Offering the Iuh interface for the connection with the UAP3801, which is Huawei's UAP
product, to manage and control the UAP3801.
l Offering the standard Iu interface for the connection with the UMTS core network devices,
such as the MGW/MSC server and SGSN, to forward data and signaling between the UAP
and the MGW/MSC server or SGSN. Now the UAG supports both IP access and ATM
access on the Iu interface.
l RTP redundancy and congestion check.
l Connecting Multiple CNs at the same time.
Product Features
l Large Capacity and High Integration
– Simultaneously managed APs: 75,000
– Maximum packet traffic: 8Gbit/s
– CS voice forwarding capability: 13000 Erl
Under full configuration, the SGSN9810 (UAG) requires only one cabinet and four
subracks.
l High-Speed Hardware Forwarding
The user plane data-forwarding modules of SGSN9810(UAG) is based on special network
processor. This improves the processing efficiency and integration of the system.
The hardware supports the traffic forwarding at the rate of 900 Mbit/s in a 2.5G system or
the traffic forwarding at the rate of 10 Gbit/s in a 3G system.
l Standard Protocol Interfaces
The SGSN9810(UAG) supports a variety of 3rd Generation Partnership Project (3GPP)
protocol interfaces to connect to the equipments from different vendors. In addition, the
Iuh, Iu-CS and Hg interfaces are supported when the UAG function is used.This enhances
the networking flexibility.
l Abundant Physical Interfaces
The SGSN9810(UAG) provides the following physical interfaces to adapt different
networks:
– Iu interfaces (UAG - MGW/SGSN): STM-1, STM-4 optical interface,10M/100Mbit/s
Ethernet interface, 1000Mbit/s Ethernet interface or optical interface.
– Iuh interface (UAG - UAP): 10M/100Mbit/s Ethernet interface, 1000Mbit/s Ethernet
interface or optical interface.
l Easy Operation and Maintenance
The operation and maintenance (O&M) system of the SGSN9810(UAG) has the following
features:
– Flexible O&M methods
The O&M system can be flexibly built according to the network structure and customer
requirements. Multiple maintenance interfaces are supported, including the interfaces
to the local maintenance terminal (LMT), the HUAWEI centralized network
management system iManager 2000, and the Simple Network Management Protocol

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1 Product Positioning and Features Product Description

(SNMP) based on the network management system. Through the Common Object
Request Broker Architecture (CORBA) interface provided by the iManager 2000, more
network management requirements can be fulfilled.
– Friendly user interfaces
The SGSN9810(UAG) provides O&M interfaces that combines the merits of both man-
machine language (MML) and graphic user interface (GUI).
– Powerful signaling tracing
The SGSN9810(UAG) provides functions to trace the messages of designated
subscribers and the signals on the protocol interfaces such as the Iu, Gb, Gs, and Gr.
The SGSN9810(UAG) also provides message explanation and filtering.
– On line Software patching function
Through online software patching, software errors can be solved without interrupting
services. The SGSN9810(UAG) also supports remote patching and version fallback.
– Supporting One-Key Upgrade
With the tool embedded on the LMT, you can perform one-key upgrade for a version,
including downloading, loading, and resetting the version in addition to exception
handling when an error occurs.
l Accurate Clock System
A clock synchronization system is required when the SGSN9810(UAG) uses the STM-1
or STM-4 optical interface to interconnect with other devices. The clock system of the
SGSN9810(UAG), using the advanced digital phase-locked loop and reliable software
phase-locked technology, has the following features:
– It provides stratrum-2 (A and B types) and stratum-3 clocks.
– The stratum-2 and stratum-3 clocks can be flexibly configured through terminals.
– It provides multiple input reference signals, which include 2.048 MHz and 2.048 Mbit/
s.
– It provides powerful software functions, including display, alarm, O&M functions. The
operators can conveniently control the phase-locked method and the source reference
of the clock through the maintenance console.
– It has powerful phase-locked capability and adapts to all kinds of clock transmission.
In case that the clock reference has fault, the clock synchronization system of the
SGSN9810(UAG) can work in free running mode and keep synchronization.
l High Reliability
The SGSN9810(UAG) is highly reliable because of the following features:
– Backup of important data
The SGSN9810(UAG) automatically backs up important data such as the configuration
data, performance data, and operation logs.
– Operation security management
The SGSN9810(UAG) supports the access control list (ACL), which is used to set legal
IP segments for access. Only the permitted address segments can communicate with the
SGSN9810.
Different management privileges are assigned to different users. During the user login,
the SGSN9810(UAG) checks the user identity. After the user login, the SGSN9810
(UAG) maintains the complete operation to ensure system security.
– Hardware redundancy design

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HUAWEI SGSN9810(UAG) Serving GPRS Support Node
Product Description 1 Product Positioning and Features

All critical boards are configured in the 1+1 backup or N+1 redundancy to ensure the
high reliability of the system.
– Fault Avoidance
The SGSN9810(UAG) provides protection mechanisms to avoid the following system
faults:
– System power off
– Maloperation on system power switch
– Lightning surge on the system power
– High voltage and low voltage
– Short circuit of power supply
– Lightning surge on E1/T1 links
– Current surge and high voltage on the power supply and interfaces
– System overload control
In the case of center processing unit (CPU) overload or resource congestion, the
SGSN9810(UAG) adjusts the traffic smoothly to avoid system down.
– Board locking and system shutdown
This function ensures that a service can slowly exit from a board or the system if required
without interrupting other services.

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HUAWEI SGSN9810(UAG) Serving GPRS Support Node
Product Description 2 System Structure

2 System Structure

This section includes the following contents:


l Hardware Configuration
l Software Structure
l Logical Structure
Hardware Configuration
The SGSN9810(UAG) hardware consists of cabinets, subracks, and boards.
l Cabinet
The SGSN9810(UAG) uses Huawei's N68E-22 cabinet. This cabinet is a standard 19-inch
one and is in compliance with the IEC297. The SGSN9810(UAG) requires only one
cabinet.
l Subrack
The SGSN9810(UAG) uses the standard 19-inch subrack, which is also called the PSM
subrack. A maximum of four PSM subracks can be configured in each cabinet. Each PSM
subrack contains 21 slots. Boards are inserted in front and rear of the backplane. According
to the board configuration, the PSM subrack is classified into two types, namely, switching
subrack and extension subrack.
l Board
According to the position, the boards of the SGSN9810(UAG) are classified into the front-
insertion board, rear-insertion board, and sub-board. The number of boards depends on the
capacity of the system.
Cabinet configuration
Figure 2-1 shows an example of the cabinet configuration of the SGSN9810(UAG).

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HUAWEI SGSN9810(UAG) Serving GPRS Support Node
2 System Structure Product Description

Figure 2-1 Cabinet configuration of the SGSN9810(UAG)

配电盒

U U U U U U U U U U U U U U U U U
F F F F F F R R C C G G G G A P P
C C C C C C C C D D F F T T L W W
U U U U U U U U R R U U P P U R R

PSM框

导风框

U U U U U U U U U U U U U U U U U
I I S S S S R R S S G G G G A P P
C C P P P P C C P P B B B B L W W
P P U U U U U U U U I I I I U R R

PSM框

导风框

U U U U U U U U U U U U U U U U U
G G G G S S R R S S G G G G A P P
B B B B P P C C P P B B B B L W W
I I I I U U U U U U I I I I U R R

PSM框

导风框

U U U U U U U U U U U U U U U
G G G G S S R R O O G G A P P
B B B B P P C C M M T T L W W
I I I I U U U U U U P P U R R

PSM框

假面板

Switching Subrack

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HUAWEI SGSN9810(UAG) Serving GPRS Support Node
Product Description 2 System Structure

The switching subrack is the PSM subrack that is configured with the UFCU board. The
SGSN9810 has only one switching subrack.
The switching subrack has the following functions:
l Connecting the basic subrack and the extended subrack for data exchange
l Providing O&M interface
Figure 2-2 shows the boards in the switching subrack, Table 2-1 lists the boards in the switching
subrack and functions of the boards.

Figure 2-2 Boards in the switching subrack

0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20

U U U U U U U U U U U U U U U
P P P P B A B A F F L C C P P
I I I I I C I C S S A K K W W
U U U U U U U U U U N I I R R

U U U U U U U U U U U U U
A A F F R R O O G G A P P
F F C C C C M M T T L W W
U U U U U U U U P P U R R

NOTE

In Figure 2-2, the boards in the upper part are back boards, and the boards in the lower part are front boards.

Table 2-1 Function of boards configured in the switching subrack


Item Functions

UFCU The frame connect unit (UFCU) receives data from a PSM subrack and
forwards the data to the destination PSM subrack through the 155 Mbit/
s optical interface offered by the UPIU back card. This interconnects all
the PSM subracks in the system.

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HUAWEI SGSN9810(UAG) Serving GPRS Support Node
2 System Structure Product Description

Item Functions

UPIU The packet interface unit (UPIU) offers the following interfaces through
different pinch boards.
l Eight 10 Mbit/s, 100 Mbit/s, and 1,000 Mbit/s Ethernet electrical
interfaces
l Eight 1,000 Mbit/s Ethernet optical interfaces
l Eight STM-1 or four STM-4 ATM optical interfaces
When the UPIU serves as the back card of the UFCU, eight STM-1 optical
interfaces are offered to connect all subracks. When the UPIU serves as
the back card of the UAFU, the above interfaces of the three types are
offered to bear the Iu and Iuh interfaces.

URCU Internally, the subrack control unit (URCU) manages and controls the
boards of the PSM subracks, such as kickoff, switchover, and bus
arbitration. Externally, the URCU receives and sends data among the
subracks.
The URCU offers external interfaces through the back card UBIU.
l The data is sent and received among subracks through the
communication between the 155 Mbit/s optical interface and the
UFCU board.
l The URCU communicates with the UOMU by connecting the 10/100
Mbit/s Ethernet interfaces with the ULAN board.

UBIU The PSM back interface unit (UBIU) offers the following items to the
back card of the URCU board:
l One 155 Mbit/s optical interface
l One 10/100 Mbit/s Ethernet interface
l Two RS485 serial ports
l One RS232 serial port
l One 8 kbit/s clock input interface
l One 8 kbit/s clock output interface

UACU The auxiliary control unit (UACU), in conjunction with the URCU board,
assists the URCU board with the controlling of two PSM subrack buses.
In addition, the UACU board implements the hot plugging control of the
service processing board in the PSM subracks, and the switchover control
of the URCU board.

UOMU The packet service O&M unit (UOMU) offers operation and maintenance
to the system, including operator management, configuration
management, alarm management, tracing management, and performance
measurement.
The UOMU board communicates with external network and the URCU
through the 10/100 Mbit/s Ethernet interfaces offered by the UFSU back
card. The UOMU communicates with the UFCU through the 155 Mbit/
s optical interface offered by the UFSU to transmit internal maintenance
information.

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HUAWEI SGSN9810(UAG) Serving GPRS Support Node
Product Description 2 System Structure

Item Functions

UFSU The flash storage unit (UFSU) offers the following items to the UOMU:
l Two 10/100 Mbit/s Ethernet interfaces
l One 155 Mbit/s optical interface
l One 2G byte flash hard disk

ULAN The LAN switch card (ULAN) offers eight 10/100 Mbit/s Ethernet
network ports. The ULAN is used to connect the UOMU and the URCU
to implement internal management and forward uploaded information.

UGTP The GTP processing unit (UGTP) implements the function of the NTP
client, and obtains timing information about the IP network from the NTP
server through the interfaces offered by the UAFU.

UCKI The clock unit (UCKI) extracts clock signals from the building integrated
timing supply (BITS) or the STM-1/STM-4 optical interfaces, and offers
stratum-2 signals to the STM-1/STM-4 optical interfaces of the system.

UALU The PSM alarm unit (UALU) monitors the power modules of the PSM
subracks, the status of the back card, and the temperature of the subracks.
In addition, the PSM alarm unit prompts the status through the indicator.

UPWR The PSM power module (UPWR) offers working power to the boards of
the PSM subrack.

UAFU The UMTS forwarding unit (UAFU) forwards the data of CS and PS
users between the UAG and the MGW/MSC server or SGSN9810
(UAG). In addition, the UAFU forwards the signaling of the Iuh
interfaces to the UASU board.
The Iu and Iuh physical interfaces of the UAFU are offered by the back
card UPIU.

Extension Subracks
Except the switching subrack, other subracks are called extension subracks. The SGSN9810
(UAG) can be configured with 0 to 3 extension subracks.
The extension subracks process only the UAG services. Figure 2-3 shows the extended subrack
of the SGSN9810(UAG). ? shows the details of board functions.

Figure 2-3 SGSN9810 (UAG) extension subrack

U U U U U U U U U U U U U U U U
E E E E E E A B A B E E E E P P
P P P P P P C I C I P P P P W W
I I I I I I U U U U I I I I R R
U U U U U U U U U U U U U U U U U
G G G G S S R R S S S S I I A P P
B B B B P P C C P P P P C C C W W
I I I I U U U U U U U U P P U R R

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HUAWEI SGSN9810(UAG) Serving GPRS Support Node
2 System Structure Product Description

NOTE

In Figure 2-3, the upper part of the picture is a back card. The lower part of the picture is a front card.

Table 2-2 Descriptions of boards in the extension subrack


Item Function

UAFU The UMTS forwarding unit(UAFU)forwards the data of CS and PS users


between the UAG and the MGW/MSC server or SGSN9810(UAG). In
addition, the UAFU forwards the signaling of the Iuh interfaces to the UASU
board.
The Iu and Iuh physical interfaces of the UAFU are offered by the back card
UPIU.

UASU The UMTS UAG signal unit (UASU) processes the CS and PS call signaling,
manages the UAP, and controls the MSISDN access.

USIG The SIGTRAN Process Unit (USIG) processes the SIGTRAN protocol stacks.
It is a front board configured in a PSM subrack and does not have a back board.
The USIG operates in link-based loading sharing mode and has no standby
board. The number of USIGs depends on the capacity of the SGSN9810(UAG).

Software Structure
The SGSN9810(UAG) is a distributed system where functions are distributed and implemented
in different boards. Each board has its own software that consists of a platform module and
function-specific modules.
Figure 2-4 shows the structure of the SGSN9810(UAG) software.

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HUAWEI SGSN9810(UAG) Serving GPRS Support Node
Product Description 2 System Structure

Figure 2-4 Structure of the SGSN9810(UAG) software

O&M subsystem
UASU UGTP

Service plane Device


management
subsystem

Database
UAFU UFCU management
subsystem
Data forwarding plane System management plane

Platform management subsystem (OS、DOPRA)

Data service plane

Based on different functions, the SGSN9810(UAG) software consists of four planes:

l Data service plane


The data service plane consists of a platform management subsystem, that is, the operating
system (OS) and the Distributed Object-oriented Programmable Real-time Architecture
(DOPRA). This plane is the basis of other software modules.
l System management plane
The system management plane manages the whole SGSN9810(UAG) system. It consists
of three subsystems:
– O&M
– Device management
– Database management
The system management plane and the data service plane are the basic modules in each
board software.
l Data forwarding plane
The data forwarding plane consists of the UMTS forwarding unit(UAFU)and frame connect
unit (UFCU). It carries out the switching, routing, and forwarding of ATM and IP packets.
l Service plane

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HUAWEI SGSN9810(UAG) Serving GPRS Support Node
2 System Structure Product Description

The service plane processes services. It consists of the UGTP and UMTS UAG signal unit
(UASU).
Logical Structure
The SGSN9810(UAG) has sixlogical functional subsystems, as shown in Figure 2-5.

Figure 2-5 Logical structure of the SGSN9810(UAG)

Clock
UAP/AH BITS
UAP Data subsystem
R/NTP Transfer
MSC/MGW
Subsystem
SGSN ATM
NTP
Switching
subsystem
Signaling Subsystem
processing Operation
subsystem and LMT
maintenance M200
subsystem

The subsystems are described as follows:

l ATM Switching Subsystem


– Function: ATM switching and interconnection between subracks.
– Hardware: URCU, UPIU, and UFCU.
l UAP Data Transfer Subsystem
– Function: routing and forwarding of Iuh,Iu, Hg and SGSN9810(UAG) to NTP Server
external interfaces.
– Hardware: UAFU and UPIU.
l Signaling Processing Subsystem
– Function: implementing Iuhand Iu interface signaling processing, UAP authentication
and management.
– Hardware: UASU.
l NTP Subsystem
– Function: implementing the NTP client server function, getting IP network timing
information from the NTP Server.
– Hardware: UGTP.
l Operation and Maintenance Subsystem
– Function: external O&M interfaces, system O&M, configuration management,
performance management, alarm management, and operation logs.

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HUAWEI SGSN9810(UAG) Serving GPRS Support Node
Product Description 2 System Structure

– Hardware: UOMU and Flash Storage Unit (UFSU).


l Clock Subsystem
– Function: obtain clock signal from BITS and STM-1/STM-4 optical interface, provide
clock (secondary clock) for the SGSN9810(UAG).
– Hardware: clock unit (UCKI)

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HUAWEI SGSN9810(UAG) Serving GPRS Support Node
Product Description 3 Product Functions

3 Product Functions

Product functions of the SGSN9810(UAG) include basic functions and optional functions. The
basic functions are free to use, and they don't need to be activated. Some of the optional functions
are not free, you need to activate the license control items before using them.
Table 3-1 lists the basic functions, and Table 3-2 lists the optional functions.

Table 3-1 Basic Functions


Feature ID Feature Name Feature Summary

WSFD-940010 Signaling and Data Forwarding SGSN9810(UAG) supports


of CS Domain standard 3GPP Iu-CS
interface to MGW/MSC. It
provides signaling and data
forwarding between MGW/
MSC and AP. It provides CS
services forwarding
including voice call, video
call, SMS of CS and other
supplementary services.

WSFD-940020 Signaling and Data Forwarding SGSN9810(UAG) supports


of PS Domain standard 3GPP Iu-PS
interface to SGSN. It
provides signaling and data
forwarding between
SGSN9810(UAG) and AP. It
provides PS services
forwarding including SMS of
PS, Web, FTP, Email,
download, Video streaming
and etc.

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HUAWEI SGSN9810(UAG) Serving GPRS Support Node
3 Product Functions Product Description

Feature ID Feature Name Feature Summary

WSFD-940030 AP Link Management SGSN9810(UAG) offers Iuh


interface connected with AP.
The Iuh interface is based on
IP, The transfer layer of
Control Plane in Iuh interface
applies SCTP and User Plane
applies UDP. SGSN9810
(UAG) performs the
management of the AP link
through SCTP connections.

WSFD-070000 QoS and Traffic Management The quality of service (QoS)


of the network means the
capability of data
transmission which is based
on task significance and
timeliness. In addition to the
provision of end-to-end
links, an efficient network
must be smart enough to
identify critical tasks and
delay sensitive
communications and set
priorities for them when you
add an application and
optimize the network.

WSFD-070200 Supporting Background, The SGSN9810(UAG)


Interactive, and Streaming supports three types of QoS
Traffic Class QoS Service class services: background
Bearing class, interactive class,
streaming class, and
conversational class,
providing services of
different priorities for
different users.

WSFD-070500 Enhanced QoS The SGSN9810(UAG) can


provide multiple enhanced
QoS techniques, such as
DiffServ, streaming
classification, resource
monitoring, traffic
monitoring, congestion
management, and congestion
avoidance. This function is
used to guarantee end-to-end
QoS.

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HUAWEI SGSN9810(UAG) Serving GPRS Support Node
Product Description 3 Product Functions

Feature ID Feature Name Feature Summary

WSFD-080000 Reliability Function When the CPU occupation


rate is too high in the
SGSN9810(UAG), the
system takes steps, such as
disabling some unnecessary
functions and refusing partial
calls to reduce the system
consumption.

WSFD-080200 System Overload Control When the CPU occupation


Function rate is too high in the
SGSN9810(UAG), the
system takes steps, such as
disabling some unnecessary
functions and refusing partial
calls to reduce the system
consumption.

WSFD-080400 Board Redundancy, Self Fault The SGSN9810(UAG)


Detection, and Self Healing adopts 1+1 backup and N+1
backup for all the boards.
Redundancy backup among
the boards ensures that any
one of the boards cannot
affect the whole system
operation if the board is
faulty. Board redundancy
backup, self fault detection,
and self healing function
guarantee system reliability.

WSFD-080500 Redundancy Networking Huawei SGSN9810(UAG)


system provides three-class
redundancy backup, namely
network element class, board
class, and interface class to
realize system reliability and
prevent single node faulty.

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HUAWEI SGSN9810(UAG) Serving GPRS Support Node
3 Product Functions Product Description

Feature ID Feature Name Feature Summary

WSFD-090000 Operation and Maintenance The SGSN9810(UAG)


provides Local Maintenance
Terminal (LMT) and remote
maintenance function and
uses graphic terminal to
perform software
management, authority
management, alarm
management, equipment
maintenance, and message
tracing. The LMT also
provides rich Man Machine
Language (MML)
commands to perform all-
round maintenance for the
system.

WSFD-090600 Software Management This function is used to


realize software management
of the SGSN9810(UAG),
including software
installation and load in
addition to patch installation,
load, and activation.

WSFD-090100 Performance Management Performance measurement


means measuring the
SGSN9810(UAG) and its
surrounding networks and
provides the operation data of
the networks. Performance
measurement data is an
important basis for
measurement, design,
operation, and management
of communication networks.

WSFD-090200 Fault Management Fault management is used to


monitor the system operation
and informs the maintenance
personnel of the detected
faults or disturbance. The
SGSN9810(UAG) reports
the faults and events through
alarms.

WSFD-090300 Equipment Management The equipment management


function is used to monitor,
control, and test functions to
entities, such as system
hardware and links.

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HUAWEI SGSN9810(UAG) Serving GPRS Support Node
Product Description 3 Product Functions

Feature ID Feature Name Feature Summary

WSFD-090400 Configuration Management The configuration


management function is used
to configure and manage
parameters for system
operation.

WSFD-090500 Security Management The SGSN9810(UAG)


realizes security
management through
hierarchically managing
operator's authorities.

WSFD-700010 Online Documentation Each version of the


SGSN9810(UAG) provides
its own online help, which
contains:
l O&M system online help
It is used to help users to
correctly use relevant
interfaces and different
management functions
and provide meanings and
suggestions of each
alarm.
l MML command online
help
It is used to explain each
MML command and
guide users to correctly
use these commands.

WSFD-100000 Clock Function Clock function ensures that


the clock in the SGSN9810
(UAG) is consistent with that
in the device connecting to
the SGSN9810(UAG) and
prevents clock slip.

WSFD-150000 Routing Function The SGSN9810(UAG)


supports multiple routing
protocols and provides
multiple routing policies. It
can realize flexible Iuh/Iu
interface networking, such as
static routes, default routes,
Open Shortest Path First
(OSPF), and Routing
Information Protocol (RIP).

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HUAWEI SGSN9810(UAG) Serving GPRS Support Node
3 Product Functions Product Description

Feature ID Feature Name Feature Summary

WSFD-150100 Routing Load Sharing Based on Different subscribers' data


Subscribers packets of user planes are
transferred through different
routes to guarantee load
sharing.

WSFD-150200 OSPF OSPF is a kind of link-state


Interior Gateway Protocol
(IGP). It is suitable for a
large-scale network in
complex networking
environment.

WSFD-470000 NTP Network Time Protocol


(NTP) is a protocol used to
synchronize time. The
SGSN9810(UAG) supports
NTPv3 and realizes functions
of the NTP client. The
SGSN9810(UAG)
periodically obtains and
adjusts Standard time from a
specified NTP server that is
located in the PS network, so
that the SGSN9810(UAG)
can synchronize time with
the external Standard time to
avoid excessive time
deviation.

Table 3-2 Optional Functions


Feature ID Feature Name Feature Summary License Control
Item

WSFD-940071 Iu-PS over IP to CN Huawei SGSN9810 UAG Iu over IP to


(UAG) supports Iu- CN
PS over IP to CN,
which can make the
AG connect CN
including SGSN/
MSC via Iu-PS over
IP.

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HUAWEI SGSN9810(UAG) Serving GPRS Support Node
Product Description 3 Product Functions

Feature ID Feature Name Feature Summary License Control


Item

WSFD-940072 Iu-CS over IP to CN Huawei SGSN9810 UAG Iu over IP to


(UAG) supports Iu- CN
CS over IP to CN,
which can make the
AG connect CN
including SGSN/
MSC via Iu-CS over
IP.

WSFD-940080 Multiple CN Function Multiple CN UAG multiple CN


Function can make function
the AG connect to
different CN nodes.
Huawei SGSN9810
(UAG) supports
Multiple CN
Function, which can
make the AG connect
to different CN
nodes.
The multiple CN
function is used for
UAG mode.

WSFD-940090 AP-AP Handover Because of the users' UAG HNB to HNB


behavior, there are handover
high frequency
switches situation
from AP to AP due to
the limited cover
area. This function
promotes user
experience when AP-
AP handover.

WSFD-940100 AP-Marco Net Because of the users' UAG HNB and


Handover behavior, there are macro network
high frequency handover
switches situation NOTE
from AP to Marco The license of "UAG
net. This function HNB-Macro Net
promotes user Handover" only
works for handover
experience when AP-
from macro network
AP handover. to AP, not for the
handover from AP to
macro network.

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HUAWEI SGSN9810(UAG) Serving GPRS Support Node
3 Product Functions Product Description

Feature ID Feature Name Feature Summary License Control


Item

WSFD-900014 SSL Function SSL (Security Socket SSL


Layer) function
provides the safety
passage between
LMT/EMS and
SGSN9810(UAG).
Secure Socket Layer
(SSL) protocol is a
secure connection
technique provided
by the network
transmission layer,
which is used
between the browser
and the Web server.
The SSL provides the
communication
confidentiality,
credibility, and
identification
authentication
between two
applications by using
the RSA (Revest -
Shamir - Adleman
algorithm) and
symmetric
encryption
algorithm. It is
regarded as the
standard security
measure applied to
the Web browser and
server on the
Internet. The Internet
Engineering Task
Force (IETF)
standardizes the SSL
(RFC2246) and
terms it Transport
Layer Security
(TLS).

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HUAWEI SGSN9810(UAG) Serving GPRS Support Node
Product Description 3 Product Functions

Feature ID Feature Name Feature Summary License Control


Item

WSFD-940081 Iu-PS Flex Function This feature UAG PS Iu-Flex


introduces the ability
to connect a single
AG to multiple
SGSNs. By such, it
introduces the ability
to provide service
sharing between
SGSNs.

WSFD-940082 Iu-CS Flex Function This feature UAG CS Iu-Flex


introduces the ability
to connect a single
AG to multiple MSC.
By such, it introduces
the ability to provide
service sharing
between MSC.

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HUAWEI SGSN9810(UAG) Serving GPRS Support Node
Product Description 4 Configurations

4 Configurations

This chapter describes the following typical configurations of the SGSN9810(UAG):


l Full Configuration of the SGSN9810(UAG) (75000 APs)
l Typical Configuration of the SGSN9810(UAG) (Supporting 25000 APs)
l Typical Configuration of the SGSN9810(UAG) (Supporting 50000 APs)
Full Configuration of the SGSN9810(UAG) (75000 APs)
Figure 4-1 shows the full configuration of the SGSN9810(UAG).

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HUAWEI SGSN9810(UAG) Serving GPRS Support Node
4 Configurations Product Description

Figure 4-1 Full configuration of the SGSN9810(UAG)

配电盒

U U U U U U U U U U U U U U U U U
F F F F F F R R C C G G G G A P P
C C C C C C C C D D F F T T L W W
U U U U U U U U R R U U P P U R R

PSM框

导风框

U U U U U U U U U U U U U U U U U
I I S S S S R R S S G G G G A P P
C C P P P P C C P P B B B B L W W
P P U U U U U U U U I I I I U R R

PSM框

导风框

U U U U U U U U U U U U U U U U U
G G G G S S R R S S G G G G A P P
B B B B P P C C P P B B B B L W W
I I I I U U U U U U I I I I U R R

PSM框

导风框

U U U U U U U U U U U U U U U
G G G G S S R R O O G G A P P
B B B B P P C C M M T T L W W
I I I I U U U U U U P P U R R

PSM框

假面板

The configuration explains as follows:

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HUAWEI SGSN9810(UAG) Serving GPRS Support Node
Product Description 4 Configurations

l Basic subrack: Two pairs of UAFUs are configured for forwarding PS data.
l Expansion subrack 1: One pair of UAFUs and four pairs of USAUs are configured. The
UAFUs are used to forward CS data.
l Expansion subrack 2: One pair of UAFUs and five pairs of USAUs are configured. The
UAFUs are used to forward PS data.
l Expansion subrack 3: One pair of UAFUs and five pairs of USAUs are configured. The
UAFUs are used to forward CS data.
Typical Configuration of the SGSN9810(UAG) (Supporting 25000 APs)
Figure 4-2 shows the typical configuration of the SGSN9810(UAG) (supporting 25000 APs).

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HUAWEI SGSN9810(UAG) Serving GPRS Support Node
4 Configurations Product Description

Figure 4-2 Typical configuration of the SGSN9810(UAG) (supporting 25000 APs)

The configuration explains as follows:

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HUAWEI SGSN9810(UAG) Serving GPRS Support Node
Product Description 4 Configurations

l Basic subrack: One pair of UAFUs is configured for forwarding PS data.


l Expansion subrack 1: One pair of UAFUs and four pairs of USAUs are configured. The
UAFUs are used to forward CS data.
Typical Configuration of the SGSN9810(UAG) (Supporting 50000 APs)
Figure 4-3 shows the typical configuration of the SGSN9810(UAG) (supporting 50000 APs).

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HUAWEI SGSN9810(UAG) Serving GPRS Support Node
4 Configurations Product Description

Figure 4-3 Typical configuration of the SGSN9810(UAG) (supporting 50000 APs)

The configuration explains as follows:

4-6 Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Issue 01 (2011-01-30)


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HUAWEI SGSN9810(UAG) Serving GPRS Support Node
Product Description 4 Configurations

l Basic subrack: One pair of UAFUs is configured for forwarding PS data.


l Expansion subrack 1: One pair of UAFUs and four pairs of USAUs are configured. The
UAFUs are used to forward CS data.
l Expansion subrack 2: One pair of UAFUs and five pairs of USAUs are configured. The
UAFUs are used to forward PS data.

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HUAWEI SGSN9810(UAG) Serving GPRS Support Node
Product Description 5 Operation and Maintenance

5 Operation and Maintenance

The SGSN9810(UAG) provides rich O&M functions to ensure proper operation of the system.

Structure of the O&M System

The SGSN9810(UAG) offers two O&M types, as shown in Figure 5-1.


l Local maintenance is performed through local maintenance terminals. This method is
applied only in initial installation and onsite troubleshooting,
l Centralized maintenance is performed through the iManager M2000 centralized network
management system. This is the primary method for daily maintenance.

Figure 5-1 O&M system of the SGSN9810(UAG)

M2000

IP Network

SGSN9810(UAG)

LMT

l Configuration Management

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HUAWEI SGSN9810(UAG) Serving GPRS Support Node
5 Operation and Maintenance Product Description

Configuration management realizes the operations of adding, deleting, modifying, and


querying system data. The SGSN9810(UAG) provides static and dynamic data
configuration methods:
– Dynamic configuration means that the system data is modified without service
interruption.
– Static configuration means that the script file (MML.txt) is edited offline. Restart the
system after loading the file so that the modification takes effect.
l Device Management
Device management realizes the operations of monitoring, controlling, and testing the
entities, such as system hardware and link.
The SGSN9810(UAG) provides the following device management functions:
– Status querying
The SGSN9810(UAG) can query the status of boards, optical interfaces, MTP3b link,
destination signaling points, and sub-systems. The operation information on queried
entities can be obtained by querying the status.
– Status controlling
The SGSN9810(UAG) controls the following items:
– The reset and switchover of boards
– Blocking and unblocking, and reset of optical interfaces, MTP3b link, and GTP path
– Enabling and disabling of the destination signaling points and sub-systems
– Testing
The testing function is a key method for problem locating and troubleshooting. The
SGSN9810(UAG) offers functions of self-loop testing of the SAAL link and the GTP
path testing.
l Tracing Function
The tracing function is a powerful tool in device maintenance.
The SGSN9810(UAG) can trace all the Iuh, Iu, and Hg interfaces. In addition, it can trace
the MTP3b, SCCP, SAAL, AAL2, and SCTP according to protocol layers.
You can save the tracing results according to requirements or check them through the
tracing review tool.
l Performance Management
Performance management means that the SGSN9810(UAG) and surrounding network are
measured and data of network operation is provided.
The performance management system of the SGSN9810(UAG) uses the automatic
reporting method to automatically report measurement results of all indexes in each period
to the M2000 server.
The M2000 client can query and categorize measurement results, which are displayed in
diagrams.
l Fault Management
Fault management is implemented through the alarm system. The alarm system is
responsible for monitoring system operation and notifying maintenance personnel of the
detected faults or disturbances. The SGSN9810(UAG) alarm system has the following
features:
– Abundant alarm contents and accurate problem locating
The SGSN9810(UAG) provides a lot of types of alarms, covering software functions,
hardware components, and external environments. Abundant alarms ensure that each

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HUAWEI SGSN9810(UAG) Serving GPRS Support Node
Product Description 5 Operation and Maintenance

fault of the system can be detected and handled in time. These alarms are designated
with different types and levels to facilitate management.
– Flexible and convenient alarm information processing
The alarm terminal provides multiple convenient and flexible operations so that you
can handle alarm information immediately and efficiently.
l Security Management
The security management of the SGSN9810(UAG) is implemented through the following
items:
– Rights of operators
The command group manages operator's authentication. A command group is an
aggregation of a group of commands. A command is first classified into a command
group. Then, the command group is distributed to operators with different
authentication.
– Logs
– Operation log
The operation log records the operation information about all users, including user
names, passwords, login IP addresses, commands, times, and results.
– Security log
The security log of network management records the occurrences, results, sources,
and responsibilities of relevant security events, such as logins, authentications,
access controls, and security mechanisms.
l SSL
The Secure Socket Layer (SSL) protocol is a secure connection technique provided by the
network transmission layer, which is used between the browser and the Web server. The
SSL provides the communication confidentiality, credibility, and identification
authentication between two applications by using the Revest-Shamir-Adleman algorithm
(RSA) and symmetric encipherment algorithm. It is regarded as the standard security
measure applied to the Web browser and server on the Internet. The Internet Engineering
Task Force (IETF) standardizes the SSL (RFC2246) and terms it Transport Layer Security
(TLS).
The SGSN9810(UAG) encrypts the OM transmission channel by using the SSL protocol.
The OM transmission channel consists of the MML channel between the M2000/LMT and
the SGSN, binary channel between the M2000/LMT and the SGSN, and FTP transmission
channel.
By inserting the SSL into the transmission layer (TCP) and application layer (MML/binary
commands), all the MML/binary commands and response messages can be encrypted in
the transmission channel.
Figure 5-2 shows the transmission model of the SSL channel.

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HUAWEI SGSN9810(UAG) Serving GPRS Support Node
5 Operation and Maintenance Product Description

Figure 5-2 Transmission model of the SSL channel

MML command,
Application layer BIN command
Current OM
transmission Transmission TCP protocol
layer

Application MML command,


layer BIN command
Encrypted OM Transmission
transmission SSL protocol
layer
Transmission
TCP protocol
layer

At present, the SGSN supports the SSL3.0, TSL1.0, and TSL1.1 versions.
The FTP transmission channel is encrypted by the FTP Security (FTPS) protocol. The FTP
server and FTP client support both of the encrypted and non-encrypted communication
modes.
l Online Help
The LMT and M2000 are delivered with abundant online help documents, which are
detailed and convenient for use. Thus, the operability of the system is greatly improved.

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HUAWEI SGSN9810(UAG) Serving GPRS Support Node
Product Description 6 Technical Index

6 Technical Index

Technical Indexs of SGSN9810(UAG) include: performance index, physical interface, clock


indexes, engineering specifications and reliability indexes.

Performance Index

Table 6-1 lists the key performance indexes of the SGSN9810(UAG).

Table 6-1 SGSN9810(UAG) primary performance indexes

Name Value

PS data forwarding capability 8Gbit/s

CS data forwarding capability 13000 Erl

UAP connection number 75,000

Physical Interface

Table 6-2 lists the types and number of the external physical interfaces offered by the SGSN9810
(UAG).

Table 6-2 External physical interfaces offered by the SGSN9810(UAG)

Interface Name Physical Feature Bearer Protocol Maximum Port


Number

Iu-CS STM-1 (single ATM 16


module/multiple
modules)

STM-4 (single ATM 8


module)

GE(Gigabit IP 16
Ethernet)

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HUAWEI SGSN9810(UAG) Serving GPRS Support Node
6 Technical Index Product Description

Interface Name Physical Feature Bearer Protocol Maximum Port


Number

FE(Fast Ethernet) IP 16

Iu-PS STM-1 (single ATM 80


module/multiple
modules)

STM-4 (single ATM 40


module)

GE(Gigabit IP 120
Ethernet)

FE(Fast Ethernet) IP 120

Iuh/Hg GE IP 16

FE IP 16

O&M FE IP 2

Clock Indexes
Table 6-3 lists the primary technical parameters of the clock system in the SGSN9810(UAG).

Table 6-3 Technical parameters of the clock system in the SGSN9810(UAG)


Serial Number Name Index and Function

1 Clock network-entry Minimum accuracy l Stratum-2:


parameters ±4×10-7
l Stratum-3:
±4.6×10-6

Pull-in range l Stratum-2:


±4×10-7
l Stratum-3:
±4.6×10-6

Maximum frequency l Stratum-2:


deviation 5×10-10per day
l Stratum-3:
2×10-8per day

Initial maximum l Stratum-2:


frequency deviation <5×10-10per day
l Stratum-3:
<1×10-8per day

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Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd.
HUAWEI SGSN9810(UAG) Serving GPRS Support Node
Product Description 6 Technical Index

Serial Number Name Index and Function

2 Long-term phase Ideal working state MRTIE≤1ms


variation
Hold-in working MRTIE(ns)≤a×s
state +(1/2)×b×s2+c
Where s refers to the
time whose units is
second, and the unit
of MRTIE is ns.
l Stratum-2: a=0.5,
b=1.16×10-5,
c=1000
l Stratum-3: a=10,
b=2.3×10-4,
c=1000

3 Working modes of l Fast tracking


the clock l Tracing
l Retaining
l Free running

4 Input jitter tolerance See Figure 6-1 for details.

NOTE

l Minimum accuracy: maximum deviation value of nominal frequency in a long period (20 years) without
external frequency benchmark, that is, the clock is in free running state.
l Maximum frequency deviation: a maximum value of the clock's relative frequency change in a UI
during a consecutive operation process.
l Pull-in range: maximum frequency bandwidth of the input signal locked by a clock
l MRTIE: The MRTIE extracts the offset that appears in measurements performed with local reference
clocks.

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6 Technical Index Product Description

Figure 6-1 Maximum permissible lower limit of input jitter and wander

Y(UI) Peak-to-peak jitter and wander


amplitude(logarithm)

10 2
A 0=36.9
Slope: 20dB/10 time
10 1 of frequency interval
A 1 =1.5
1

A 2 =0.2
-1
10

-5
X
1.2 ´ 10 10 20 2.4k 18 k 100 k f(Hz)

When the jitter frequency of an input frequency is 1 kHz and the amplitude is more than 1.5 UI,
you can infer that the input signal meets the requirements if the system operates normally.
NOTE

UI is the unit of time interval. One UI equals the reciprocal of the frequency of the digital signal. For
example, the UI of the 2.048 Mbit/s signal is 488 ns.

Engineering Specifications
l Power Consumption
Table 6-4 lists power consumption of the SGSN9810(UAG).

Table 6-4 Power consumption of the SGSN9810(UAG)


Name Value

Power consumption of the switching 560W


subrack

Power consumption of the service 460W


expansion subrack

Power consumption of the power 20W


distribution frame

Maximum configuration power 1960W


consumption (one cabinet and four
subracks)

l Cabinet Size and Weight


STable 6-5 lists the size and weight of the cabinet in the SGSN9810(UAG).

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Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd.
HUAWEI SGSN9810(UAG) Serving GPRS Support Node
Product Description 6 Technical Index

Table 6-5 Size and weight of the cabinet in the SGSN9810(UAG)


Name Value

Cabinet size height × width × depth = 2,200 × 600 × 800


(mm)

Cabinet weight 100 kg (with empty cabinet)

l Environment Requirements
– Storage Requirement
The storage environment should be in compliance with "not temperature-controlled
storage" in the EUROPEAN ETS 300 019-1-1.
– Relative humidity: 10% - 100%
– Temperature: -40°C to +70°C
– Transportation Requirement
The transportation environment should be in compliance with Class 2.3 "PUBLIC
transportation" in EUROPEAN ETS 300 019-1-2.
– Temperature: -40°C to +70°C
– Relative humidity: 5% - 100%
– Operating Environment
The operating environment should be in compliance with the "temperature-controlled
locations" in EUROPEAN ETS 300 019-1-3.
– Long-term operation:
– Temperature: 0°C to 45°C
– Humidity: 5% - 85%
– Short-term operation:
– Temperature: -5°C to +55°C
– Humidity: 5% - 95%
Short-time means that the consecutive working duration is less than 96 hours, and the
total working time is less than 15 days in a year.
– Electromagnetic Compatibility
The electromagnetic compatibility and electrical security comply with the GR-1089-
CORE standard.
– Power Requirement
The power voltage ranges from -40 V to -57 V DC.
The input current is 50 A for a single cabinet.
Reliability Indexes
Table 6-6 lists the system reliability indexes of the SGSN9810(UAG).

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6 Technical Index Product Description

Table 6-6 SGSN9810(UAG) reliability indexes


Name Value

Availability of typical configuration system ≥99.999%

Average intervals of system faults (MTBF) ≥300000 hours

Average intervals of recovering system faults ≤30 minutes


(MTTR)

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