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THURSDAY 1/28/19 Independent TASKS

I​NDEPENDENT STATION EXPECTATIONS:


1. Working ​SILENTLY​ AND I​ NDEPENDENTLY(​ Voice level 0 ​ON YOUR OWN​)
2. RAISE YOUR HAND IF YOU HAVE A QUESTION
3. Title a brand new page in your notebook:​ Natural Selection
4. Write today’s date on the top right 1/28/19
5. **Set a timer on Google ​for each section​ to stay on track**
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Part 1: 3 MIN.
Directions:
1. Answer the following reflection questions in the boxes below:

A. What is the objective for today in your own words?

B. Criteria for success: What do you need to get a 4 today?

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Part 2:​ Vocabulary ​7-10 MINUTES
Directions:
1. Define the following vocabulary words and ​choose an Image ​OR​ give an example ​OR
paraphrase
2. Click on the following link ​Genes Vocab​ to fill out vocab chart​ ​IN YOUR NOTEBOOK

WORD DEFINITION EXAMPLE/


PARAPHRASE/ IMAGE

Example:​ Force A push or a pull. Pushing a car that broke down


to the side of the road.

1. gene
2. Trait

3. allele

4. F1 generation

5. F2 generation

6. Gregor Mendel

7. genetics

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Part 3:​ Natural Selection Reading 15 MINUTES
Directions:
1. Read the text.
2. CATCH Annotate​ the text.
3. Answer the questions in the blue boxes below:

Evolution​ is a theory, an idea with lots of evidence. It explains why animals


and plants are so good at surviving in their environments, the places where they live.
What it means is that a ​species ​changes over time and can even split in two new
species.

1. In your own words, what is evolution?

The theory of evolution was developed by Charles Darwin back in 1859. He said that evolution
worked through natural selection. ​Natural selection​ means that some individuals in a species are better
at surviving than others and will have more children.

2. In your own words, what is natural selection?

Bears live all over, and have dark fur. But in a place where it snows a lot, white fur would be an
advantage. A white furred polar bear would be harder to see and is more likely to survive and have
children. These children will ​inherit ​its mom or dad’s white fur. Eventually all the bears living in the cold
place will have white fur.

This is called ​‘survival of the fittest’​ because animals which are best able to survive also fit better
in their homes, like a white polar bear fits better in a cold country.

3. What is survival of the fittest?

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Part 4:​ Bill Nye Video on Evolution 30 MINUTES
Directions:
1. Click the link to watch the​ ​Bill Nye Video Evolution​ video.
2. Fill in the blanks and answer the following questions below.

Bill Nye Evolution Video

Directions: ​Watch the ​Bill Nye Evolution Video​ and answer the following questions:

1. ​_______________________ ​has been going on for billions of years.

2. Genes are made up of​______________________​_.

3. The chemistry of all living things is the same / different .

4. DNA is considered to be the building blocks of _​_______________________​__.

5. A human has __​______________________​_ chromosomes.

6. Giraffes have long necks so that they can _​_______________________​__ the leaves that others
animals can’t.

7. ​Highlight one choice​: Evolution by selection is a change that occurs over ​generations /
overnight​.

8. A paleontologist is a scientist that studies ___​_______________________​____.

9. The study of life through time is called __​_______________________​___.


10. ​Highlight one choice​: Humans have changed the environment ​faster / slower​ than most living
things can keep up.

11. A(n) _​_______________________​____ can show how life has changed on Earth.

12. Bird feathers and _____​_____________________​________ scales are made of the same things.

13. A ground sloth lived 12,000 years ago during the __​_______________________​_.

14. Natural selection is the changes of size and shape of living things in __​___________________​__.

15. __​______________________​__ was the scientist that developed the Theory of Evolution.

16. In your own words and in 5 sentences, explain what evolution is and how it works.

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Part 5:​ ​“Bill Nye:Genes” Video Worksheet 30 min.
Directions:
1. Click the link to watch the ​Bill Nye Genes Video​.
2. Watch and answer the following questions:

1. Where do your genes come from?

2. What is inside every cell in your body?

3. What does DNA stand for?

4. What did Bill climb to get out of the Nye Lab?


5. How long is the DNA string model of science?

6. How many times longer is DNA than it is wide?

7. How does Bill define a Gene?

8. Why is the white blood cell dark on the computer screen?

9. What does the nucleus of the cell contain?

10. What can you do with DNA after you take it out of an organism?
1.
2.

11. What 2 organisms were combined to create the message to Bill in the petri dish?

12. What do genes do?

13. Mom tells Richie: Genes are the set of ​________________​__ _​____________​__ that get passed
down from ​___________​__to child. In the process, of course, the genetic material is
___​_______________​__ in new ways, which is why people bear resemblance to their
_​___________​_ and __​______________​__without looking like any one relative in particular.
14. What analogy does Bill use to describe the human set of chromosomes?

15. What is each chapter analogous to?

16. How many genes to humans have?

17. What do cells in the body not need to do? _​_____________________​___

18. Most species have fewer than _​______​__chromosomes but thousands and thousands of genes

19. Bill calls the babies “bundles of ___​_________________________​____”

20. The reproductive cell that a mother donates to her child is called the _​___

21. The number of cells needed to make a baby is: __​____________________

22. DNA is the _​________​__ print for the future

23. Earlobes can be _​____________​_or ___​_______________​__

24. A __​______​__is a piece of the _​________​__ molecule

25. The four chemicals of DNA are


1.
2.
3.
4.

26. The number of chromosomes that a ​mule foa​l has is _​___​__

27. The number of chromosomes that a ​horse ​has is _​____​_

28. The number of chromosomes that a ​donkey​ has is _​_____


29. In the demonstration, the ​____________​__ gene for rolling your tongue is represented by the
letter “R”

30. In the demonstration, the _​___________​__ gene for rolling your tongue is represented by the
letter “r”

31. If a person has the pattern RR, then the person __​______​ roll their tongue

32. If a person has the pattern Rr, then the person _​______​_ roll their tongue

33. If a person has the pattern rr, then the person _​______​_ roll their tongue

34. What is special about the turtle in this movie?