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ESCC Specifications: To maintain and
improve the efficiency, effectiveness
and validity of (new) test methods and
relevant standards for the selection,
procurement and qualification of EEE

ESCC QPL/QML: To support ESA and

space projects with qualified EEE parts
ensuring the overall adequacy and
suitability of EEE components to meet
the performance requirements on
schedule, without additional analysis, and
with cost and lead time efficiency.

ESCC EPPL I/II: To support the

introduction of innovative technologies
and products (R&D) while maintaining
quality assurance requirements for space


This brochure has been prepared by the ESCC

Component Standardisation Section at ESA,
to provide an overview of the ESCC component
qualification approaches and the benefits
Definitions offered to manufacturers and users when
EPPL = European Preferred Parts List
qualifying or procuring ESCC qualified EEE
(Electrical, Electronic, Electromechanical) parts.
QPL = Qualified Parts List

QML = Qualified Manufacturer List

associated equipment. For more information see ESCC
12300 and the EPPL itself. ESA acts as a certifying agency for the ESCC
Parts chosen from the ESCC QPL, QML, EPPL (European QPL and ESCC QML Certificates
Preferred Parts List) are preferred because:
• the parts included in these lists have been evaluated
to demonstrate their reliability and operational
margins for use in space applications
• their technologies, design, manufacturing processed Facts & figures
materials are defined and kept under configuration
control • 38 ESCC Qualified Manufacturers
• their manufacturer supply chains have been audited
by the ESCC Executive, and any deviations are • 131 Active QPL Certificates
managed and corrected with the involvement of the

ESCC executive through an ESCC non­conformance • 442 Qualified Part Types
control process.
The opportunity to rely on the ready availability of • 681 ESCC Specifications

SYSTEM ESCC qualified parts from manufacturers with a quality

management and product assurance system in place
reduces mission risks, engineering and test efforts
providing cost savings for the users.

The ESCC qualification system provides a set of technical and quality requirements, As an insert in this brochure, the summary of all the
and the means to verify compliance in an objective and impartial manner. active ESCC QPL and QML certificates, including the
most recent ESCC Hybrid Process capability approved
manufacturers, is reported. It should be noted that some
It is a well­established product oriented system that has The ESCC QPL (Qualified Parts List: REP005) is the list qualification activities are still ongoing and therefore
secured the access of the European space industry to a of components and technologies which have been, have not yet reached qualified status.
stable supply of reliable space qualified EEE­components respectively, qualified and capability approved to the New qualifications are continuously initiated to exploit
from European manufacturers for more than 40 years. rules of the ESCC Specification System and the results new component technologies and to satisfy user needs.
Since the adoption of the ESCC Charter in 2002, the certified by ESA. These components and technologies
ESCC is the European forum for space component are intended for use in ESA and other European The ESCC Executive
harmonisation and standardisation within which spacecraft and Space segment hardware. For more The ESCC Executive management team and ESCC
ESCC Executive and ESA acts as the Qualification and information and to download the latest ESCC QPL on Secretariat are part of the ESA Product Assurance & Safety
Certification Authority. ESCIES.org Department within the Directorate of Technical and
The ESCC QML (Qualified Manufacturers List: REP006) Quality Management, located at ESA/ESTEC, Noordwijk,
System Benefits is the list of manufacturers who have been qualified for The Netherlands. Among other ESCC tasks, this team
ESCC­qualified manufacturers and component users technology flow to the rules of the ESCC Specification oversees and supports all ESCC qualification activities
benefit from the system’s international recognition, System and the results certified by ESA. Components in close contact with space component manufacturers.
and ESCC qualified parts follow a simplified part from these Manufacturers’ technology flows are Through the mechanism of Executive Implementation
approval process for space projects, as defined by the intended for use in ESA and other European spacecraft Agreements (EIA), resources are provided by:
requirements of ECSS­Q­ST­60C. and Space segment hardware. For more information • ESA, for European manufacturers not supported by a
ESCC QPL/QML and EPPL parts plus parts from QML visit ESCIES.org National Space Agency with an EIA
manufacturers are preferred parts in ESA programmes, The EPPL (European Preferred Parts List) is the list of • CNES, for manufacturers based in France
as defined by the ECSS­Q­ST­60C standard for EEE preferred and suitable components to be used by • DLR, for manufacturers based in Germany
components. European manufacturers of spacecraft hardware and • Enterprise Ireland, for manufacturers based in Ireland
• The UK Space Agency, for manufacturers based in
the United Kingdom
The ESA team has the responsibility for all ESCC
Executive activities in all other European countries and
in cases where it is requested to assist.
The ESCC Evaluation Phase: to understand the part Establishment of a Product Baseline
and its limits. The successful completion of the ESCC • PID (Process Identification Document) which
evaluation phase is a mandatory prerequisite to initiate establishes a precise reference for the EEE
the quali­fication phase. component(s) to be qualified in accordance with the
ESCC System
The ESCC Evaluation consists mainly of the following: • ESCC Detail Specification(s)

ESCC COMPONENT Manufacturer Evaluation– The ESCC Executive per­

forms an audit of the manufacturer’s design, production
• Quality Assurance System
and test facilities. This combines a Quality Management The ESCC Qualification Phase: emulates the procure­
QUALIFICATION System audit and a manufacturing line survey.
Component Evaluation - Components/technologies
ment process and exercises the approved flow of
manufacturing and test operations.
are extensively characterised and tested (to destruction The ESCC Qualification Phase consists mainly of:
Copyright ESA
when determining reliability margins) in accordance • Verification of the first production lot
with the applicable Evaluation Test Programme (Basic • Parts are screened and lot tested according to the
Across the globe, institutional and commercial space (multiple sources may be qualified to a common Specification No. 226xxxx). relevant ESCC Generic Spec. (e.g. ESCC 9000
programmes have benefitted from the use of ESCC standard)   for ICs; ESCC 4001 for film resistors; etc.) and the
qualified components for many years. • Proven supply chains - periodic testing and audit Tests are failure mechanisms oriented and designed to: requirements (accept and reject criteria) of the
are inherent to the system. In addition, qualified • Gauge reliability and lifetime applicable ESCC Detail specification.
ESCC qualified components come with added value. manufacturers operate an open-books policy with • Provide stresses that:
Specific user advantages of ESCC qualified EEE parts are: the qualifying agencies and ESA, so their cooperation - Simulate the application environment Prerequisites for the start of the ESCC
• Simplified procurement – maintenance of quali­ in any problems’ resolution is guaranteed - Address intrinsic and extrinsic failure modes Qualification phase are:
fication is widely based on periodic testing which is • Quality Assurance - third-party independent - Determine parametric specification margins. • An ESCC Executive Approved Evaluation Test Report
used to reduce the lot-specific verification tests monitoring of the manufacturer’s operations, • The PID, ESCC Generic and Component Detail
• Robust components – ESCC qualified components performed by impartial space agencies and ESA. Note: ESCC evaluation tests may be waived when Specification(s) are approved by the ESCC Executive
hold an impressive record of faultless operation The ESCC Executive approves the full industrial the manufacturer has already obtained the necessary • Production and test schedules are available
in thousands of space systems. Issues affecting configuration of qualified components test data on fully representative test samples which • A Production Flow chart, Process Schedules, and
workmanship and performance are almost unknown • In summary, a valid ESA certificate is perceived are compliant with the required test conditions, and inspection Procedures are available
with ESCC qualified parts. If any faults do appear, by most space system customers as a strong if the data has been obtained within a time period not
national space agencies and ESA commit their endorsement of performance and quality. exceeding two years prior to the start of ESCC evaluation.
resources to address and fix the problems together
with the manufacturer and any affected customers The ESCC system of specifications that serves to support
using teh ESCC non-conformance process component qualification is built on decades of work and
• High product maturity and low rate of obsolescence experience of component manufacturers and specialist The ESCC Executive regularly audits ESCC
– many ESCC qualified products have been listed component engineers working for space agencies and Qualified manufacturers
on the Qualified Parts List for a long time and have user industries. The system makes space components ______
reliably flown on numerous missions available and fit for purpose for most sorts of space
• High TRL (Technology Readiness Level) - new ESCC missions and applications. Adequate configuration control and full
qualified components are introduced every year traceability are integral parts of the
following user needs in terms of functionality and ESCC System
performance and demonstrated long term reliability The ESCC QPL is updated every month and is The ESCC QPL is updated every month and is
• Simplified parts approval process – for projects published on ESCIES.org published on ESCIES.org
complying with ECSS-Q-ST-60C ESCC qualified –––––– ––––––
PID = Process Identification Document
products are, in the majority of cases, pre-approved The ESCC Qualified Components add value for The ESCC Qualified Components add value for
• Solid performance - very high repeatability between Manufacturers & their Users Manufacturers & their Users
manufacturing lots and across manufacturers –––––– ––––––
with a simplified screening flow.

All Qualified Manufacturers are

required to report any
Non-conformances to the
Application for ESCC Qual
ESCC Qualification is a status given to standard EEE components which are ESCC Executive
• Preparation of PID, Domain description, Design of TV, draft ESCC
manufactured in Europe under controlled conditions, and which have been shown
Detail Spec
to meet all the requirements of the relevant ESCC specifications. • Evaluation Test Plan
ESCIES = European Space
Qualified parts and manufacturers are listed in the ESCC QPL and QML respectively. Components Information
Exchange System
ESCC Evaluation
The following equivalent and similarly structured approaches to ESCC Qualification
exist: • Evaluation test programme (procurement of parts, testing)
• Manufacturer (and subcontractor as applicable) Audit
The ESCC System is supported by ESA
• ESCC Component Qualification for standard parts (ESCC 20100) and European space agencies, space
• ESCC Capability Approval for technology domains supporting customised or users represented by Eurospace and
application specific components qualification (ESCC 24300) ESCC Qualification European component manufacturers
• ESCC Technology Flow Qualification for stable and reliable manufacturing
• Qualification test programme
technology flows (ESCC 25400): qualified parts manufactured on a QML line. • Final ESCC detail spec
Three ESCC Qualification Approaches
ESCC qualifications and certifications are awarded under the Authority of the and a Single Assurance system
European Space Agency.
Preparation of Application for Qualification form
ESCC qualified components are marked with the ESA logo whilst produced under a
ESCC Executive review application
valid qualification.

ESA award certificate

ESCC Component Qualification is the ESCC quality assessment and

(source ST) maintenance process designed to certify that individual components,
ranges of components or structurally similar EEE components have the
appropriate performance characteristics and reliability for use in space
applications. Parts qualified in this manner are listed in the ESCC QPL.

This approach is applicable to components of standard design (standard

parts) which are in continuous or repetitive lot­by­lot production.

The ESCC Qualification test results are documented in the Qualification

Test Report and the product compliance with ESCC requirements is certified
by the manufacturer for each delivery lot.
Qualified Manufacturers List (QML)

Copyright ESA

The ESCC Technology Flow Qualification (QML) is the standard continuous lot­by­lot production components The 5 step process to obtain ESCC QML Certification
ESCC quality assessment technique developed to ensure and non­standard components that have design The sequence to obtain an ESCC QML certification for a
the reliability and performance of space components features customised to specific user requirements. It manufacturer is summarized as follows:
whilst maximizing the benefits of the manufacturers’ represents the widest range of qualified components • Establishment of a Quality Management (QM) Plan or
best practices. defined in a technology domain. This approach has been Programme
successful in qualifying under each technology flow a • Formal application for QML that shall include any existing
The ESCC Technology Flow Qualification system is list of components provided by qualified manufacturers in­house data for the technology to be qualified, for review
designed for component manufacturing technology (QML). Currently the following manufacturers and by the Qualifying Authority
flows that combine effective quality management technology flows are qualified: • Establishment of an Evaluation and Qualification Test
techniques with stable and reliable technologies capable • Atmel (MH1RT, ATC18RHA) Programme (taking into account any relevant data for the
of delivering numerous different space component • Vishay S.A. France (Thin Film Technology for Chip, technology)
types. This approach places additional responsibilities on Wraparound, Single and Network Resistors, Fixed, • Review of pre­validation data package and formal audit at
the manufacturer, and depends on the agile application Based on Types P for Single Chip, PRA and CNW for the manufacturer‘s facility by the ESCC Lead Auditor.
of continuous quality improvement practices and the Resistor Networks) • Granting of formal QML certification.
operation of a Technical Review Board (TRB). • Norspace (SAW Filters, Hermetically Sealed, Surface
Mount, Frequency Range 10 MHz ­ 4 GHz).
ESCC Technology Flow Qualification is suitable for both
ESCC Executive

Documentation Evaluation Certification Qualification

• Review and agreement • Run Evaluation Test • Review and Agreement • Review and Agreement
of Evaluation Test • Evaluation Test Report of Evaluation Test of Evaluation Test Results
Programme • Qualification Test Plan Results, Data Package • Run Qualification Test An ESCC Qualification, once
and Qualification • Qualification Test Report established, is valid up to two years.
• Technology Flow Test Plan
• Process Indentifiction Verification information supporting

Document qualifications are published on

• Evaluation Test Plan Escies.org
• Quality Management On Site Audit

ACHIEVING AND MAINTAINING (In-process & final controls) Generic Spec

Chart III/F3 of the
Generic Spec

Chart IV-V/F4 of the
(For non qualified comps or
Generic Spec
optional for qualified comps (subgroup 2))

ESCC QPL parts
bear the ESA logo
on the body, or
Chart V/F4 of the alternatively on the
Generic Spec part packaging

Copyright Arralis Generic flow for ESCC parts

Achieving ESCC qualification requires the following inspections try to establish the maturity of the supply • The manufacture of components to ESCC Qualification will be granted for a further two years by
main elements: chain and its capability to repeatedly deliver space requirements is strictly in accordance with the means of a new ESCC qualification certificate being
• the definition of the intended scope of the final components of the required quality. The whole process approved production and control documentation issued and listed in the ESCC QPL or QML.
certification of qualification is described in the relevant ESCC (with no concessions)
• the verification by test of the performance of the specifications. All ESCC specifications are publicly • Major changes to the PID have been notified and A typical qualification and maintenance of qualification
selected components (or test vehicles) in accordance available at https://escies.org. agreed (with the appropriate assessment) flow is reported hereafter (see Generic Flow for ESCC
with the applicable Generic Specification and • Detailed records of each ESCC production lot Parts Table).
Component Detail Specification Once achieved, the ESCC qualification is valid for two (including all test data) have been maintained
• a satisfactory level of documentation of the years. Periodic maintenance of qualification tests are Successful test data is available for the following: Maintenance is typically achieved using test results
production and test capabilities involved in the supply done by manufacturers to keep their parts in the ESCC • Lot Acceptance Level 1 (or equivalent) testing per obtained from or in connection with customer
chain of the components (in the form of a Process QPL list. Monitoring of Quality Assurance of ESCC ESCC Generic spec Chart V (with the specified procurements. See https://escies.org
Identification Document). qualified parts is paramount to guaranteeing constant sample size)
and reliable performance over time. or
An Agency’s audit of the manufacturing and test facilities • Periodic testing per ESCC Generic spec Chart F4
is also part of the qualification process. After and during the two year ESCC Qualification period, (with the specified sample size and test periodicity)
In practice, some of the tests to be performed aim the manufacturer is responsible for providing information • No pending/open non-conformance.
to explore the basic construction, performance to enable extension of the ESCC qualification (MoQ =
attributes, inherent failure modes and reliability risks maintenance of qualification). The manufacturer shall Subject to ESA approval of the information provided
of the component technology, while other tests and provide suitable information in order to demonstrate: by the manufacturer for MoQ, extension of ESCC

The European Component Initiative (ECI) is an open an open competitive basis. ESA­funded Invitations to technology roadmaps are kept up to date and relevant are selected for development and qualification in the ECI
cooperative project with ESA and partner national space tender, funded on a 100 percent basis, are listed on ESA’s to the continually changing needs of the space business. programme.
agencies, each participating with their own funding EMITS website. Regular updates of the roadmaps take place, and each Members of the European space components industry
to implement activities to progress components’ activity is prioritised to ensure that the right components and equipment manufacturers have the opportunity to
technology levels up to space qualified status. The ECI supported components, having reached ESCC propose future technologies for ECI activities through
qualification status and consequently been qualified by participation in ESCC working groups.
The diversity of the EEE component activities covered ESA, are formally added to the ESCC Qualified Parts List
by the ECI programme is always in response to identified (QPL) and/or the European Preferred Parts List (ESCC ECI Success Stories include:
market needs and strategic gaps, and has varied EPPL), and then widely used in ESA programmes, • A mid­size ESCC qualified (280Kgate) Field Program­
enormously from complex microprocessors through national agency missions as well as both European and mable Gate Array (FPGA)
to passive components. In the process, it has helped to non­European commercial users, with minimal or no • European Monolithic Microwave Integrated Circuits
strengthen the non­dependence, and at the same time, extra testing required to prove their reliability or quality (EPPL listed)
the competitiveness of European industry. assurance. • The introduction of a European Gallium Nitride (GaN)
0.5 micron foundry process (in the process of being
Overall the ECI is aiming to achieve 50 percent EEE­ Key to the successful introduction of a new component ESCC qualified)
component procurement from European sources for into the marketplace is the assurance that the potential • Many other ESCC qualified part types and related
a typical European Spacecraft in the medium term. The end users are involved from the start. This is ensured ESCC certificates.
secondary goal is to dramatically increase the market through the European Space Component Coordination
share of the European space­qualified component (ESCC), representing all the major stakeholders including Since the introduction of ECI, the total number of active
suppliers. the component manufacturers, Eurospace, ESA, ESCC certificates has increased significantly and almost
national agencies and prime contractors. The ESCC has doubled with the February 2016 figures.
As a general rule, ECI procurement takes place on also been fundamental in ensuring that the component
The map to the left shows the distribution of ECI and
ESCC qualified supported manufacturers.
Where can I find the ESCC specifications, the QPL recurrent use in space applications and it passes The published ESCC qualification records provide a Does the ESCC system support ‘Test Optimisation’
and QML and EPPL? the qualification test programme, or belongs to a limited amount of test data. How can a user obtain known from the US-MIL system?
Find them all at https://escies.org qualified technology flow domain. more visibility about the qualification results? Yes, ESCC has a provision allowing for manufacturer
While the ESCC Executive is bound by confidentiality specific deviations. Such deviations if accepted by
Our company has operations in many countries; What is the validity period of an ESCC constraints, the manufacturer has full ownership of the ESCC Executive are described in an appendix
can our components be ESCC qualified? Qualification? all qualification data. Upon customer request, the to the applicable component Detail Specification(s).
ESCC 21300 defines an ESCC component as: “A An ESCC qualification is valid for a period of two manufacturer may chose, possibly under a non-
component which may have the benefit of ESCC years. As long as a part type or manufacturer is listed disclosure agreement, to share more information How can I find out more about ESCC
qualified status by virtue of at least the quality on the QPL/QML, the qualification is valid. with a customer including Audit Reports and details Qualification?
operations (e.g. inspections and tests), as defined contained in the Process Identification Document. The process is described in detail in the following ESCC
in the ESCC Specifications, being performed in one Does ESCC cover the costs of Qualification or specifications which are available at https://escies.org:
or more, and the delivered component originating Maintenance of Qualification? How is confidentiality managed within ESCC? • ESCC No. 20100 (Component Qualification for
from one, of the Member States of ESA or a state The ESCC Executive body covers its own activities Confidentiality is a crucial factor for the ESCC System. standard parts)
or country with a cooperation agreement with and resources, however, there is no ESCC budget Within the ESCC Executive, information is disclosed • ESCC No. 23400 (Capability Approval for
ESA. The component shall be freely available to the to support the relevant qualification activities. ESCC based on the need to know principle. Members of technology domains supporting customised or
User Industry on a commercial basis without let or Executive partners (ESA and national space agencies) the ESCC Executive are not authorised to disclose application specific components)
hindrance, inter alia being free from any form of may choose to fund evaluation and qualification confidential manufacturer information to any party • ESCC No. 25400 (Technology Flow Qualification
selective export controls.” activities in part or full under their technology including members of their employing organisation for stable and reliable manufacturing technology
programmes. There are manufactures that choose who are not supporting the ESCC Executive. Any flows: qualified parts manufactured on a QML line)
Can my product be qualified if no suitable to fund ESCC qualifications themselves. potentially commercially sensitive information is only
specifications exist for it in the ESCC system? released with manufacturer agreement. How can I find out more about ESCC Qualification?
Not yet. However, if its Qualification is supported Can similarity be used to avoid duplication of tests ESA offers free ESCC training sessions at least once
by a national space agency and ESA, the necessary on similar devices? How are new ESCC QPL/QML entries selected? a year, held at ESTEC in Noordwijk. These training
specifications will be developed, with your help and Yes. Similarity is a concept used in the ESCC system Manufacturers interested to obtain an ESCC sessions cover all aspects of the ESCC system
involvement. to manage test efforts. Explicit requirements are certification may make a proposal directly to including qualification of components.
defined in Generic specifications with regard to the the ESCC Executive. More commonly, new In addition, ESA can offer individual advice and
We have components in development at the selection of test vehicles to cover a wider domain qualifications are the result of agency R&D projects guidance on the use of the ESCC specification
moment, can they be qualified in ESCC? of parts. The Process Identification Document for and programmes like ECI. ESCC has a leading system and the route to ESCC Qualification. Just
Yes; provided the development is successfully a component family, capability or technology flow role in the harmonisation of European EEE space drop us an email at: secretariat@escies.org
completed; the device has the potential for domain may define additional similarity criteria. components development activities.
ESCC is a unified and single European system for space
component specifications and the corresponding
qualification and certification activities. The ESCC
system is on a charter ratified by ESA, national space
agencies, space industry represented by Eurospace,
and Component Manufacturers, who are committed
to operate the system contributing resources on at their
own expense.

To gain a broader understanding of the ESCC system

and how it functions, please refer to ESCC 20000 which
is available on ESCIES.org

There are three levels of ESCC specifications: Basic,

Generic and Detail.
• ESCC Basic Specifications provide objectives, test
methods, qualification methodology and general
requirements applicable to ESCC EEE components.
• ESCC Generic Specifications provide the gene­
ral requirements applicable to qualification,
maintenance of qualification, procurement and
delivery for individual families and sub families of EEE
• ESCC Detail Specifications define form, fit, function
and performance requirements for individual or
ranges of particular EEE components

Note ­ There are additional ESCC documents that cover

policy, organisation, support and implementation issues
but they are not directly relevant to use of the ESCC


A JOURNEY THAT STARTED The ESCC Specification System

40 YEARS AGO makes space components

available and fit for purpose for
BepiColombo’s planetary and magnetospheric orbiters at Mercury various types of space mission
Copyright ESA ­ image by C.Carreau
https://escies.org website offers you our full list of Qualified Manufacturers, the Qualified Parts List,
all ESCC Specifications, the ESA Radiation Database, the European Preferred Parts List, ESA Components
Technology Activities, Component Conference announcements and proceedings and MUCH MORE.

ESCC Executive Secretariat - ESCC Components Standardisation Section (TEC-QES) ESA/ESTEC
Keplerlaan 1 - P.O. Box 299 - 2200 AG Noordwijk - The Netherlands
E-mail: escc-executive.secretariat@esa.int - https://escies.org

ESCC Executive Document • Document No. ESCC/GRP/001 • Issue 1 • Date: February 2016