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JQUERY, AJAX, JSON

TIM DOSEN WEB PROGRAMMING


WHAT IS JQUERY?
 jQuery is a lightweight, "write less, do more", JavaScript library.
 jQuery was originally released in January 2006 at BarCamp NYC
by John Resig and was influenced by Dean Edwards' earlier
cssQuery library
 The purpose of jQuery is to make it much easier to use JavaScript
on your website.
 jQuery takes a lot of common tasks that require many lines of
JavaScript code to accomplish, and wraps them into methods that
you can call with a single line of code.
 There are lots of other JavaScript frameworks out there, but
jQuery seems to be the most popular, and also the most
extendable.
ADDING JQUERY TO YOUR WEB PAGES
 Download the jQuery library from jQuery.com
 Include jQuery from a CDN, like Google

<head>
<script src="jquery-3.3.1.min.js"></script>
</head>

<head>
<script src="https://ajax.googleapis.com/ajax/libs/jquery/
3.3.1/jquery.min.js"></script>
</head>
JQUERY SYNTAX
 Basic syntax is: $(selector).action()
 A $ sign to define/access jQuery
 A (selector) to "query (or find)" HTML elements
 A jQuery function action() to be performed on the element(s)
 Examples:
 $(this).hide() - hides the current element.
 $("p").hide() - hides all <p> elements.
 $(".test").hide() - hides all elements with class="test".
 $("#test").hide() - hides the element with id="test".
THE DOCUMENT READY EVENT
 You might have noticed that all jQuery methods are inside a document ready event:
 This is to prevent any jQuery code from running before the document is finished
loading (is ready).
 It is good practice to wait for the document to be fully loaded and ready before
working with it. This also allows you to have your JavaScript code before the body of
your document, in the head section.

$(document).ready(function(){
// jQuery methods go here...
});

$(function(){
// jQuery methods go here...
});
JQUERY SELECTORS
Syntax Description
 The element Selector
$("*") Selects all elements
 $("p")
$(this) Selects the current HTML element
 The #id Selector Selects all <p> elements with class="intro"
$("p.intro")
 $("#test")
$("p:first") Selects the first <p> element
 The
$("ul .class Selector
li:first") Selects the first <li> element of the first <ul>
$("ul li:first-child")
$(".test") Selects the first <li> element of every <ul>
 More ExamplesSelects
$("[href]") all elements
of jQuery with an href attribute
Selectors
$("a[target='_blank']"
) Selects all <a> elements with a target attribute value equal to "_blank"
$("a[target!='_blank'] Selects all <a> elements with a target attribute value NOT equal to
") "_blank"
$(":button") Selects all <button> elements and <input> elements of type="button"
$("tr:even") Selects all even <tr> elements
$("tr:odd") Selects all odd <tr> elements
JQUERY EVENT METHODS
 Click, keypress, submit, load, dblclick, keydown, change, resize,
mouseenter, keyup, focus, scroll, mouseleave, blur, unload

$(document).ready(function(){
$("p").click(function(){
// action goes here!!
});
});
JQUERY - GET CONTENT AND ATTRIBUTES
 Three simple, but useful, jQuery methods for DOM manipulation are:
 text() - Sets or returns the text content of selected elements
 html() - Sets or returns the content of selected elements (including HTML
markup)
 val() - Sets or returns the value of form fields
 $("#btn2").click(function(){
alert("HTML: " + $("#test").html());
});
 The jQuery attr() method is used to get attribute values.
 $("button").click(function(){
alert($("#w3s").attr("href"));
});
 The jQuery data() method is used to get attribute values.
 $("button").click(function(){
alert($("#w3s").data(“option"));
});
JQUERY - SET CONTENT AND ATTRIBUTES
 We will use the same three methods from the previous page to set content:
 text() - Sets or returns the text content of selected elements
 html() - Sets or returns the content of selected elements (including HTML markup)
 val() - Sets or returns the value of form fields

 $("#btn2").click(function(){
$("#test2").html("<b>Hello world!</b>");
});
 The jQuery attr() method is also used to set/change attribute values.

 $("button").click(function(){
$("#w3s").attr({
"href" : "https://www.w3schools.com/jquery/",
"title" : "W3Schools jQuery Tutorial"
});
});
JQUERY - ADD ELEMENTS
 We will look at four jQuery methods that are used to add new
content:
 append() - Inserts content at the end of the selected elements
 $("table").append("<tr><td>add row append table</td></tr>");
 prepend() - Inserts content at the beginning of the selected elements
 $("table").append("<tr><td>add row prepend table</td></tr>");
 after() - Inserts content after the selected elements
 $("p").after("<span>Some text after</span>");
 before() - Inserts content before the selected elements
 $("p").after("<span>Some text before</span>");
JQUERY - REMOVE ELEMENTS
 remove() - Removes the selected element (and its child elements)
 $("#div1").remove();
 empty() - Removes the child elements from the selected element
 $("#div1").empty();
 The following example removes all <p> elements with class="test"
and class="demo":
 $("p").remove(".test, .demo");
JQUERY - GET AND SET CSS CLASSES
 Query has several methods for CSS manipulation. We will look at
the following methods:
 addClass() - Adds one or more classes to the selected elements
 $("h1, h2, p").addClass("blue");
 removeClass() - Removes one or more classes from the selected
elements
 $("h1, h2, p").removeClass("blue");
 toggleClass() - Toggles between adding/removing classes from the
selected elements
 $("h1, h2, p").toggleClass("blue");
 css() - Sets or returns the style attribute
 $("p").css("background-color", "yellow");
css("propertyname","value");
JQUERY DIMENSION METHODS
 jQuery has several important methods for working with
dimensions:
 width()
 height()
 innerWidth()
 innerHeight()
 outerWidth()
 outerHeight()

 $("button").click(function(){
var txt = "";
txt += "Width: " + $("#div1").width();
txt += "Height: " + $("#div1").height();
$("#div1").html(txt);
});
LOOPING OVER THE DOM
<ul>
<li>foo</li>
<li>bar</li>
</ul>

$( "li" ).each(function() {
$( this ).addClass( "foo" );
});
UNDERSTANDING SYNCHRONOUS VS ASYNCHRONOUS

 Synchronous (Classic Web-


Application Model)

 Asynchronous (AJAX Web-


Application Model)
WHAT IS AJAX?

 AJAX = Asynchronous
JavaScript And XML.
 AJAX is about loading data in
the background and display it
on the webpage, without
reloading the whole page.
 http://api.jquery.com/jquery.aj
ax/
OPTION DESCRIPTION
url The URL to make a request from
type whether to use POST or GET
data an object literal filled with query parameters and their values
dataType The type of data you are expecting to recieve, one of: "text", "html", "json", "xml"
timeout an amount of time in seconds to wait for the server before giving up
success event: called when the request finishes successfully
error event: called when the request fails
complete event: called when the request finishes successfully or erroneously
 The data passed to your success handler will be in whatever format
you specified in the dataType option
 a dataType of text returns raw text no matter its apparent data type
 a dataType of html returns raw html text
 a dataType of xml returns an XML document object
 a dataType of json returns a JSON object
DEBUGGING AJAX CODE
 Chrome Dev Tool's Network tab shows each request, parameters,
response, errors
 Firefox Inspect Element’s Network tab shows each request,
parameters, response, errors
 expand a request by clicking on it and look at Response tab to see
Ajax result
 check the Console tab for any errors that are thrown by requests
XML
 What is XML?
 XML stands for eXtensible Markup Language
 XML is a markup language much like HTML
 XML was designed to store and transport data
 XML was designed to be self-descriptive

<note>
<to>Tove</to>
<from>Jani</from>
<heading>Reminder</heading>
<body>Don't forget me this weekend!</body>
</note>
JSON
 JSON: JavaScript Object Notation.
 JSON is a syntax for storing and exchanging data.
 When exchanging data between a browser and a server, the data can only
be text.
 JSON is text, and we can convert any JavaScript object into JSON, and
send JSON to the server.
 We can also convert any JSON received from the server into JavaScript
objects.
 Sending Data
 var myObj = { "name":"John", "age":31, "city":"New York" };
var myJSON = JSON.stringify(myObj);
 Receiving Data
 var myJSON = '{ "name":"John", "age":31, "city":"New York" }';
var myObj = JSON.parse(myJSON);
JSON SYNTAX
 JSON data is written as name/value pairs.
 "name":"John"

{"employees":[
{ "firstName":"John", "lastName":"Doe" },
{ "firstName":"Anna", "lastName":"Smith" },
{ "firstName":"Peter", "lastName":"Jones" }
]}
JSON VS XML
 JSON is Like XML Because
 Both JSON and XML are "self describing" (human readable)
 Both JSON and XML are hierarchical (values within values)
 Both JSON and XML can be parsed and used by lots of programming languages
 Both JSON and XML can be fetched with an XMLHttpRequest

 JSON is Unlike XML Because


 JSON doesn't use end tag
 JSON is shorter
 JSON is quicker to read and write
 JSON can use arrays

 The biggest difference is:


 XML has to be parsed with an XML parser. JSON can be parsed by a standard
JavaScript function.
 Why JSON is Better Than XML
 XML is much more difficult to parse than JSON.
 JSON is parsed into a ready-to-use JavaScript object.
 For AJAX applications, JSON is faster and easier than XML:
 Using XML
 Fetch an XML document
 Use the XML DOM to loop through the document
 Extract values and store in variables

 Using JSON
 Fetch a JSON string
 JSON.Parse the JSON string
REFERENCE
 http://www.webstepbook.com/supplements-2ed/slides/lectureXX-
jquery.shtml
 https://api.jquery.com

 https://www.w3schools.com/jquery/

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