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eRAN

AQM Feature Parameter Description

Issue 02
Date 2017-06-29

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.


Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. 2018. All rights reserved.
No part of this document may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means without prior written
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and other Huawei trademarks are trademarks of Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd.
All other trademarks and trade names mentioned in this document are the property of their respective
holders.

Notice
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customer. All or part of the products, services and features described in this document may not be within the
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The information in this document is subject to change without notice. Every effort has been made in the
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Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd.


Address: Huawei Industrial Base
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Website: http://www.huawei.com
Email: support@huawei.com

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eRAN
AQM Feature Parameter Description Contents

Contents

1 About This Document.................................................................................................................. 1


1.1 Scope.............................................................................................................................................................................. 1
1.2 Intended Audience.......................................................................................................................................................... 1
1.3 Change History............................................................................................................................................................... 1
1.4 Differences Between eNodeB Types.............................................................................................................................. 3
1.5 Functional Differences Between NB-IoT and FDD....................................................................................................... 3

2 Overview......................................................................................................................................... 4
3 Technical Description...................................................................................................................5
4 Related Features.............................................................................................................................7
5 Network Impact............................................................................................................................. 8
6 Engineering Guidelines............................................................................................................... 9
6.1 When to Use................................................................................................................................................................... 9
6.2 Required Information..................................................................................................................................................... 9
6.3 Planning........................................................................................................................................................................ 10
6.4 Deployment.................................................................................................................................................................. 10
6.4.1 Requirements............................................................................................................................................................. 10
6.4.2 Data Preparation and Feature Activation...................................................................................................................11
6.4.2.1 Data Preparation..................................................................................................................................................... 11
6.4.2.2 Activation................................................................................................................................................................11
6.4.3 Activation Observation.............................................................................................................................................. 11
6.4.4 Reconfiguration......................................................................................................................................................... 12
6.4.5 Deactivation...............................................................................................................................................................12
6.5 Performance Monitoring...............................................................................................................................................13
6.6 Parameter Optimization................................................................................................................................................ 14
6.7 Possible Issues.............................................................................................................................................................. 14

7 Parameters..................................................................................................................................... 15
8 Counters........................................................................................................................................ 17
9 Glossary......................................................................................................................................... 22
10 Reference Documents............................................................................................................... 23

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AQM Feature Parameter Description 1 About This Document

1 About This Document

1.1 Scope
This document describes LBFD-001027/MLBFD-12100242 Active Queue Management
(AQM), including its technical principles, related features, network impact, and engineering
guidelines.

Feature compatibility with specific terminal models is not presented in this document. For
compatibility information, contact Huawei engineers.

Any parameters, alarms, counters, or managed objects (MOs) described herein apply only to
the corresponding software release. For future software releases, refer to the corresponding
updated product documentation.

This document applies only to LTE FDD and LTE NB-IoT. Any "LTE" in this document
refers to LTE FDD or LTE NB-IoT, and "eNodeB" refers to LTE FDD eNodeB or LTE NB-
IoT eNodeB.

1.2 Intended Audience


This document is intended for personnel who:

l Need to understand the features described herein


l Work with Huawei products

1.3 Change History


This section provides information about the changes in different document versions. There are
two types of changes:

l Feature change
Changes in features and parameters of a specified version as well as the affected entities
l Editorial change
Changes in wording or addition of information and any related parameters affected by
editorial changes. Editorial change does not specify the affected entities.

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AQM Feature Parameter Description 1 About This Document

eRAN12.1 02 (2017-06-29)
This issue includes the following changes.

Change Change Description Parameter Affected Entity


Type Change

Feature Enabled BTS3912E to support None Micro eNodeBs


change MLBFD-12100242 Active
Queue Management (AQM).
For details, see 1.4 Differences
Between eNodeB Types.

Editorial None None N/A


change

eRAN12.1 01 (2017-03-08)
This issue does not include any changes.

eRAN12.1 Draft A (2016-12-30)


This issue introduces the following changes to Issue 02 (2016-11-01) of eRAN11.1.

Change Change Description Parameter Affected Entity


Type Change

Feature Changed the optional feature None Macro, micro, and


change Active Queue Management LampSite eNodeBs
(AQM) to a basic one.

Added the support for None Macro and micro


MLBFD-12100242 Active eNodeBs
Queue Management (AQM) to
NB-IoT.

Editorial None None N/A


change

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AQM Feature Parameter Description 1 About This Document

1.4 Differences Between eNodeB Types


Feature Support by Macro, Micro, and LampSite eNodeBs
Feature ID Feature Name Supported by Supported by Supported by
Macro Micro LampSite
eNodeBs eNodeBs eNodeBs

LBFD-001027 Active Queue Yes Yes Yes


Management
(AQM)

MLBFD-12100 Active Queue Yes Yes (BTS3911E No


242 Management and BTS3912E
(AQM) only)

Function Implementation in Macro, Micro, and LampSite eNodeBs


The functions described in this document are implemented in the same way on macro, micro,
and LampSite eNodeBs.

1.5 Functional Differences Between NB-IoT and FDD


NB-IoT NB-IoT FDD Feature FDD Feature Differences
Feature ID Feature Name ID Name Between NB-
IoT and FDD

MLBFD-12100 Active Queue LBFD-001027 Active Queue No difference


242 Management Management
(AQM) (AQM)

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AQM Feature Parameter Description 2 Overview

2 Overview

A radio link usually has a lower bandwidth than a wired link and the bandwidth of the radio
link fluctuates more greatly than that of the wired link. In the downlink hybrid service
scenario where a bearer contains data of multiple Transmission Control Protocol (TCP)
services, some relatively prevailing data usually exists. The data occupies air interface
resources for a long time, resulting in resource insufficiency. As a result, a large amount of
data is buffered on the eNodeB, causing congestion. AQM, which proactively controls the
queue length, is introduced to minimize congestion.
When air interface resources are insufficient, AQM estimates the length of the packet queue
of bearer services and adaptively drops TCP packets in case of congestion. Congestion control
at the sender is triggered in advance to prevent congestion deterioration.
AQM offers the following benefits:
l Proactively detects possible congestion in the queues and minimizes the congestion
probability by dropping packets.
l Maintains shorter queues to balance the throughput and transmission delay.
l Avoids TCP global synchronization caused by simultaneous data overflow of multiple
queues.
NOTE

Data traffic is generally bursty, and data packets arrive at a queue suddenly. A large number of packets
will be dropped when the queue becomes full, or is getting close to becoming full. Upon packet loss
detection, multiple TCP senders adaptively and sharply decrease their transmission rates. Consequently,
the packet arrival rate declines quickly and the network congestion is relieved. After detecting that the
network is no longer congested, the TCP senders start to increase transmission rates, which again results
in network congestion. In the procedure, each sender decreases and increases transmission rates at the
same time as other senders. The phenomenon is called TCP global synchronization.

Huawei AQM applies to non-guaranteed bit rate (non-GBR) services.

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AQM Feature Parameter Description 3 Technical Description

3 Technical Description

Congestion has become a bottleneck in network development due to the limitation of resource
capacity and processing capability of networks. End-to-end TCP congestion control
techniques have been the primary methods to control IP network congestion. However, edge
nodes in a network may not be able to obtain accurate information about network status in
time. Therefore, it is hard for these TCP congestion control techniques to solve all congestion
problems in the network. To address this issue, congestion control techniques based on
intermediate network nodes, such as AQM, have been developed.
As an IP network node, the eNodeB uses AQM to check packet queues of bearer services. If
AQM detects that the queue length (measured in packets) exceeds a specified threshold, it
drops packets selectively. This reduces the amount of data to be sent, mitigates the congestion,
reduces the delay of interactive services, and improves scheduling fairness among services.
As shown in Figure 3-1, AQM works in normal, congestion avoidance, and congestion areas.
These three areas are separated by minimum and maximum congestion thresholds, where the
red lines denote the packet loss rate and Max represents the maximum packet loss rate of a
non-GBR service in the congestion avoidance area.

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AQM Feature Parameter Description 3 Technical Description

Figure 3-1 AQM working areas

AQM calculates the average queue length and compares it with the minimum and maximum
congestion thresholds. It then performs the following operations based on the comparison
result:
l Average queue length ≤ Minimum congestion threshold (normal area)
AQM does not drop any packets because the queue is not congested.
l Minimum congestion threshold < Average queue length < Maximum congestion
threshold (congestion avoidance area)
AQM drops some packets because the queue is congested to some extent. The
probability of dropping packets increases linearly with:
– The average queue length
– The amount of data successfully sent from the core network to the eNodeB
l Average queue length ≥ Maximum congestion threshold (congestion control area)
AQM drops every newly arrived packet because the queue is severely congested.
The minimum congestion threshold is automatically calculated by the eNodeB based on the
real-time air interface data rate. The maximum congestion threshold is equal to the minimum
congestion threshold multiplied by eight.

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AQM Feature Parameter Description 4 Related Features

4 Related Features

Prerequisite Features
None

Mutually Exclusive Features


None

Impacted Features
None

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AQM Feature Parameter Description 5 Network Impact

5 Network Impact

System Capacity
When AQM is enabled, the cell throughput fluctuates as follows:
l If a cell has both cell edge users (CEUs) and cell center users (CCUs), AQM will
decrease the throughput of CEUs because CEU services are easily congested.
Alternatively, CCU services are rarely congested, and therefore AQM will increase the
throughput of CCUs. This increased throughput is larger than the decreased throughput
for CEUs. In this case, the overall cell throughput increases.
l If a cell has only CEUs or CCUs, AQM has little impact on cell throughput.

Network Performance
When AQM is enabled, the average processing delay of downlink packets carried by non-
GBR services decreases and therefore, the delay of delay-sensitive services (such as web
browsing and small file downloading) also decreases. In addition, the throughput is affected,
for example, the cell throughput and the throughput of some UEs fluctuate, and the
throughput for non-GBR services decreases. If GBR and non-GBR services coexist in a cell
and the actual GBR service rate is less than the subscribed GBR service rate, the decrease in
the throughput of non-GBR services possibly brings more scheduling opportunities to GBR
services, thereby increasing the throughput of GBR services.

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AQM Feature Parameter Description 6 Engineering Guidelines

6 Engineering Guidelines

6.1 When to Use


It is recommended that AQM be enabled in the following scenarios:

l The packet loss rate in specific cells is abnormally high and user experience in
interactive services deteriorates because a large amount of data is present in the
downlink.
l A large number of TCP-based bit torrent (BT) services or large-sized file download
services are present on the network while users are using many interactive services.

In the following scenarios, AQM offers no gains or could even have slightly negative effects:

l AQM helps reduce only TCP traffic on a bearer when both TCP and User Datagram
Protocol (UDP) services are carried on the bearer.
l AQM drops packets randomly during network congestion. Therefore, if AQM drops
packets of interactive services, user experience in these services deteriorates.
l The eNodeB does not enter the congestion state when the data rates of CEUs fluctuate
due to interference, and therefore AQM offers no obvious gains for such UEs.
l Dropping packets causes throughput fluctuation, and the fluctuation is more obvious
when there are only a small number of TCP connections, for example, one or two
connections.
l Non-GBR services of a UE will not be congested when the downlink UE throughput on
a bearer exceeds 30 Mbit/s. In this scenario, AQM offers no obvious gains.

6.2 Required Information


The values of the following counters must be collected before AQM is deployed.

Counter ID Counter Name Counter Description

1526727922 L.Traffic.DL.PktDelay.Time.QCI Total processing delay of downlink


.6 PDCP SDUs for DRB services with
the QCI of 6 in a cell

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AQM Feature Parameter Description 6 Engineering Guidelines

Counter ID Counter Name Counter Description

1526727925 L.Traffic.DL.PktDelay.Time.QCI Total processing delay of downlink


.7 PDCP SDUs for DRB services with
the QCI of 7 in a cell

526727928 L.Traffic.DL.PktDelay.Time.QCI Total processing delay of downlink


.8 PDCP SDUs for DRB services with
the QCI of 8 in a cell

1526727931 L.Traffic.DL.PktDelay.Time.QCI Total processing delay of downlink


.9 PDCP SDUs for DRB services with
the QCI of 9 in a cell

1526727923 L.Traffic.DL.PktDelay.Num.QCI Number of successfully transmitted


.6 downlink PDCP SDUs for DRB
services with the QCI of 6 in a cell

1526727926 L.Traffic.DL.PktDelay.Num.QCI Number of successfully transmitted


.7 downlink PDCP SDUs for DRB
services with the QCI of 7 in a cell

1526727929 L.Traffic.DL.PktDelay.Num.QCI Number of successfully transmitted


.8 downlink PDCP SDUs for DRB
services with the QCI of 8 in a cell

1526727932 L.Traffic.DL.PktDelay.Num.QCI Number of successfully transmitted


.9 downlink PDCP SDUs for DRB
services with the QCI of 9 in a cell

It is recommended that AQM be enabled if the average processing delay of downlink PDCP
SDUs for services carried on DRBs is larger than 500 ms per packet for a specific QCI and
the value of the Discard timer (ms) parameter for the QCI is larger than 500 ms. The Discard
timer (ms) parameter value can be queried by running the LST RLCPDCPPARAGROUP
command.

NOTE

The average processing delay of downlink PDCP SDUs for services carried on DRBs can be monitored
by dividing L.Traffic.DL.PktDelay.Time.QCI.x by L.Traffic.DL.PktDelay.Num.QCI.x, where x indicates
a QoS class identifier (QCI).

6.3 Planning
None

6.4 Deployment

6.4.1 Requirements
This feature has no requirements on related features, hardware, and licenses.

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AQM Feature Parameter Description 6 Engineering Guidelines

To deploy MLBFD-12100242 Active Queue Management (AQM), you need to learn NB-
IoT's requirements for hardware. For details, see NB-IoT Radio and Performance Basics
Feature Parameter Description.

6.4.2 Data Preparation and Feature Activation

6.4.2.1 Data Preparation


The following table describes the parameters that must be set in the CellAlgoSwitch MO to
configure the AQM algorithm switch for a cell.

Parameter Name Parameter ID Setting Notes

Local cell ID CellAlgoSwitch.LocalCellId Set the local cell ID based on


the network plan.

AQM algorithm switch CellAlgoSwitch.AqmAlgoSwit Turn on the AQM algorithm


ch switch to enable AQM.

6.4.2.2 Activation

Using the CME


For detailed operations, see CME-based Feature Configuration.

Using MML Commands


Run the MOD CELLALGOSWITCH command with the AqmAlgoSwitch option of the
AQM algorithm switch parameter selected to enable the AQM.

MML Command Examples


Turning on the AQM algorithm switch
MOD CELLALGOSWITCH:LOCALCELLID=0,AQMALGOSWITCH=AqmAlgoSwitch-1;

6.4.3 Activation Observation


Before the observation, ensure that:
l The downlink throughput of the UE is lower than 10 Mbit/s. The downlink throughput
can be controlled by decreasing the bandwidth of a cell or by increasing the number of
UEs in the cell.
l The UE normally accesses the network, connects to the download server, and runs FTP
download services.
l Multiple large files that are larger than 1 GB and multiple small files are available on the
server for downloading.
NOTE

The size of a small file can be determined based on the air interface throughput of the UE. If the
time for downloading a file while downloading one or multiple large files is within 10s, the file is
a small file.

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AQM Feature Parameter Description 6 Engineering Guidelines

The observation procedure is as follows:

Step 1 Run the MOD CELLALGOSWITCH command with the AqmAlgoSwitch option of the
AQM algorithm switch parameter deselected to disable AQM. Then, enable the UE to access
the network.

Step 2 Download one or more large files and a small file simultaneously. Then, record the small file
download latency. Repeat the test and average the recorded values. The average value works
as the small file download latency with AQM disabled.

Step 3 Run the MOD CELLALGOSWITCH command with the AqmAlgoSwitch option of the
AQM algorithm switch parameter selected to enable AQM. Then, enable the UE to re-access
the network.

Step 4 Download one or more large files and a small file simultaneously. Then, record the small file
download latency. Repeat the test and average the recorded values. The average value works
as the small file download latency with AQM enabled.

Step 5 Compare the two average values and verify that the small file download latency is shortened
after AQM is enabled.

----End

6.4.4 Reconfiguration
None

6.4.5 Deactivation
The following table provides the parameter used to deactivate this feature.

MO Parameter ID Parameter Name Setting Notes

CellAlgoSwi CellAlgoSwitc AQM algorithm switch Deselect the


tch h.AqmAlgoSwi AqmAlgoSwitch option.
tch

This feature can be deactivated using the CME or MML commands.

Using the CME


For detailed operations, see CME-based Feature Configuration.

Using MML Commands


Run the MOD CELLALGOSWITCH command with the AqmAlgoSwitch option of the
AQM algorithm switch parameter deselected to disable AQM.

MML Command Examples


Turning off the AQM algorithm switch
MOD CELLALGOSWITCH:LOCALCELLID=0,AQMALGOSWITCH=AqmAlgoSwitch-0;

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AQM Feature Parameter Description 6 Engineering Guidelines

6.5 Performance Monitoring


AQM can be monitored based on the counters in the following table.

Counter ID Counter Name Counter Description

1526727922 L.Traffic.DL.PktDelay.Time.QC Total processing delay of downlink


I.6 PDCP SDUs for DRB services with
the QCI of 6 in a cell

1526727925 L.Traffic.DL.PktDelay.Time.QC Total processing delay of downlink


I.7 PDCP SDUs for DRB services with
the QCI of 7 in a cell

1526727928 L.Traffic.DL.PktDelay.Time.QC Total processing delay of downlink


I.8 PDCP SDUs for DRB services with
the QCI of 8 in a cell

1526727931 L.Traffic.DL.PktDelay.Time.QC Total processing delay of downlink


I.9 PDCP SDUs for DRB services with
the QCI of 9 in a cell

1526727923 L.Traffic.DL.PktDelay.Num.QCI Number of successfully transmitted


.6 downlink PDCP SDUs for DRB
services with the QCI of 6 in a cell

1526727926 L.Traffic.DL.PktDelay.Num.QCI Number of successfully transmitted


.7 downlink PDCP SDUs for DRB
services with the QCI of 7 in a cell

1526727929 L.Traffic.DL.PktDelay.Num.QCI Number of successfully transmitted


.8 downlink PDCP SDUs for DRB
services with the QCI of 8 in a cell

1526727932 L.Traffic.DL.PktDelay.Num.QCI Number of successfully transmitted


.9 downlink PDCP SDUs for DRB
services with the QCI of 9 in a cell

1526726863 L.PDCP.Tx.Disc.Trf.SDU.QCI.6 Number of downlink PDCP SDUs


discarded for services carried on
DRBs with a QCI of 6 in a cell

1526726869 L.PDCP.Tx.Disc.Trf.SDU.QCI.7 Number of downlink PDCP SDUs


discarded for services carried on
DRBs with a QCI of 7 in a cell

1526726875 L.PDCP.Tx.Disc.Trf.SDU.QCI.8 Number of downlink PDCP SDUs


discarded for services carried on
DRBs with a QCI of 8 in a cell

1526726881 L.PDCP.Tx.Disc.Trf.SDU.QCI.9 Number of downlink PDCP SDUs


discarded for services carried on
DRBs with a QCI of 9 in a cell

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AQM Feature Parameter Description 6 Engineering Guidelines

After AQM is enabled, the average processing delay of downlink PDCP SDUs for services
carried on DRBs possibly decreases slightly and the number of downlink PDCP SDUs
discarded for services carried on DRBs possibly increases slightly.

NOTE

The average processing delay of downlink PDCP SDUs for services carried on DRBs can be monitored
by dividing L.Traffic.DL.PktDelay.Time.QCI.x by L.Traffic.DL.PktDelay.Num.QCI.x, where x indicates
a QCI.

6.6 Parameter Optimization


None

6.7 Possible Issues


None

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AQM Feature Parameter Description 7 Parameters

7 Parameters

Table 7-1 Parameters


MO Parame MML Feature Feature Description
ter ID Comma ID Name
nd

CellAlg LocalCe DSP None None Meaning: Indicates the local ID of the cell. It uniquely
oSwitch llId CELLU identifies a cell within an eNodeB.
LCAMC GUI Value Range: 0~255
CLUST
ER Unit: None

DSP Actual Value Range: 0~255


CELLU Default Value: None
LICSST
ATUS
LST
CELLA
LGOSW
ITCH
MOD
CELLA
LGOSW
ITCH

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AQM Feature Parameter Description 7 Parameters

MO Parame MML Feature Feature Description


ter ID Comma ID Name
nd

CellAlg AqmAlg MOD LBFD-0 Active Meaning:


oSwitch oSwitch CELLA 01027 / Queue Indicates whether to enable the Active Queue
LGOSW TDLOF Manage Management (AQM) algorithm.
ITCH D-00102 ment
LST 7/ (AQM) If this switch is on, the AQM function is enabled to
CELLA MBLFD prevent or control congestion. The length of the data
LGOSW -121002 transmission queue is maintained at a relatively small
ITCH 42 / value to help achieve an appropriate trade-off between
TDLBF throughput and latency.
D-00102
7 If this switch is off, the AQM function is disabled.
This parameter applies only to LTE FDD and LTE
TDD.
GUI Value Range: AqmAlgoSwitch
Unit: None
Actual Value Range: AqmAlgoSwitch
Default Value: AqmAlgoSwitch:Off

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AQM Feature Parameter Description 8 Counters

8 Counters

Table 8-1 Counters


Counter ID Counter Name Counter Feature ID Feature Name
Description

1526726863 L.PDCP.Tx.Disc.Tr Number of Multi-mode: None Radio Bearer


f.SDU.QCI.6 downlink PDCP GSM: None Management
SDUs discarded for Radio Bearer
services carried on UMTS: None
Management
DRBs with a QCI LTE:
of 6 in a cell LBFD-002008 Basic Scheduling
TDLBFD-002008 Basic Scheduling
LBFD-002025
TDLBFD-002025

1526726869 L.PDCP.Tx.Disc.Tr Number of Multi-mode: None Radio Bearer


f.SDU.QCI.7 downlink PDCP GSM: None Management
SDUs discarded for Radio Bearer
services carried on UMTS: None
Management
DRBs with a QCI LTE:
of 7 in a cell LBFD-002008 Basic Scheduling
TDLBFD-002008 Basic Scheduling
LBFD-002025
TDLBFD-002025

1526726875 L.PDCP.Tx.Disc.Tr Number of Multi-mode: None Radio Bearer


f.SDU.QCI.8 downlink PDCP GSM: None Management
SDUs discarded for Radio Bearer
services carried on UMTS: None
Management
DRBs with a QCI LTE:
of 8 in a cell LBFD-002008 Basic Scheduling
TDLBFD-002008 Basic Scheduling
LBFD-002025
TDLBFD-002025

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AQM Feature Parameter Description 8 Counters

Counter ID Counter Name Counter Feature ID Feature Name


Description

1526726881 L.PDCP.Tx.Disc.Tr Number of Multi-mode: None Radio Bearer


f.SDU.QCI.9 downlink PDCP GSM: None Management
SDUs discarded for Radio Bearer
services carried on UMTS: None
Management
DRBs with a QCI LTE:
of 9 in a cell LBFD-002008 Basic Scheduling
TDLBFD-002008 Basic Scheduling
LBFD-002025
TDLBFD-002025

1526727922 L.Traffic.DL.PktDe Total processing Multi-mode: None Radio Bearer


lay.Time.QCI.6 delay of downlink GSM: None Management
PDCP SDUs for Radio Bearer
DRB services with UMTS: None
Management
the QCI of 6 in a LTE:
cell LBFD-002008 Basic Scheduling
TDLBFD-002008 Basic Scheduling
LBFD-002025
TDLBFD-002025

1526727923 L.Traffic.DL.PktDe Number of Multi-mode: None Radio Bearer


lay.Num.QCI.6 successfully GSM: None Management
transmitted Radio Bearer
downlink PDCP UMTS: None
Management
SDUs for DRB LTE:
services with the LBFD-002008 Basic Scheduling
QCI of 6 in a cell TDLBFD-002008 Basic Scheduling
LBFD-002025
TDLBFD-002025

1526727925 L.Traffic.DL.PktDe Total processing Multi-mode: None Radio Bearer


lay.Time.QCI.7 delay of downlink GSM: None Management
PDCP SDUs for Radio Bearer
DRB services with UMTS: None
Management
the QCI of 7 in a LTE:
cell LBFD-002008 Basic Scheduling
TDLBFD-002008 Basic Scheduling
LBFD-002025
TDLBFD-002025

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AQM Feature Parameter Description 8 Counters

Counter ID Counter Name Counter Feature ID Feature Name


Description

1526727926 L.Traffic.DL.PktDe Number of Multi-mode: None Radio Bearer


lay.Num.QCI.7 successfully GSM: None Management
transmitted Radio Bearer
downlink PDCP UMTS: None
Management
SDUs for DRB LTE:
services with the LBFD-002008 Basic Scheduling
QCI of 7 in a cell TDLBFD-002008 Basic Scheduling
LBFD-002025
TDLBFD-002025

1526727928 L.Traffic.DL.PktDe Total processing Multi-mode: None Radio Bearer


lay.Time.QCI.8 delay of downlink GSM: None Management
PDCP SDUs for Radio Bearer
DRB services with UMTS: None
Management
the QCI of 8 in a LTE:
cell LBFD-002008 Basic Scheduling
TDLBFD-002008 Basic Scheduling
LBFD-002025
TDLBFD-002025

1526727929 L.Traffic.DL.PktDe Number of Multi-mode: None Radio Bearer


lay.Num.QCI.8 successfully GSM: None Management
transmitted Radio Bearer
downlink PDCP UMTS: None
Management
SDUs for DRB LTE:
services with the LBFD-002008 Basic Scheduling
QCI of 8 in a cell TDLBFD-002008 Basic Scheduling
LBFD-002025
TDLBFD-002025

1526727931 L.Traffic.DL.PktDe Total processing Multi-mode: None Radio Bearer


lay.Time.QCI.9 delay of downlink GSM: None Management
PDCP SDUs for Radio Bearer
DRB services with UMTS: None
Management
the QCI of 9 in a LTE:
cell LBFD-002008 Basic Scheduling
TDLBFD-002008 Basic Scheduling
LBFD-002025
TDLBFD-002025

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Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd.
eRAN
AQM Feature Parameter Description 8 Counters

Counter ID Counter Name Counter Feature ID Feature Name


Description

1526727932 L.Traffic.DL.PktDe Number of Multi-mode: None Radio Bearer


lay.Num.QCI.9 successfully GSM: None Management
transmitted Radio Bearer
downlink PDCP UMTS: None
Management
SDUs for DRB LTE:
services with the LBFD-002008 Basic Scheduling
QCI of 9 in a cell TDLBFD-002008 Basic Scheduling
LBFD-002025
TDLBFD-002025

1526729466 L.RLC.FirstPacket Number of times Multi-mode: None Active Queue


Delay.NonGBR.Ind delay of the first GSM: None Management
ex0 RLC SDU for a (AQM)
non-GBR bearer UMTS: None
LTE-A Introduction
ranges within index LTE:
0 LBFD-001027
LAOFD-001001

1526729467 L.RLC.FirstPacket Number of times Multi-mode: None Active Queue


Delay.NonGBR.Ind delay of the first GSM: None Management
ex1 RLC SDU for a (AQM)
non-GBR bearer UMTS: None
LTE-A Introduction
ranges within index LTE:
1 LBFD-001027
LAOFD-001001

1526729468 L.RLC.FirstPacket Number of times Multi-mode: None Active Queue


Delay.NonGBR.Ind delay of the first GSM: None Management
ex2 RLC SDU for a (AQM)
non-GBR bearer UMTS: None
LTE-A Introduction
ranges within index LTE:
2 LBFD-001027
LAOFD-001001

1526729469 L.RLC.FirstPacket Number of times Multi-mode: None Active Queue


Delay.NonGBR.Ind delay of the first GSM: None Management
ex3 RLC SDU for a (AQM)
non-GBR bearer UMTS: None
LTE-A Introduction
ranges within index LTE:
3 LBFD-001027
LAOFD-001001

1526729470 L.RLC.FirstPacket Number of times Multi-mode: None Active Queue


Delay.NonGBR.Ind delay of the first GSM: None Management
ex4 RLC SDU for a (AQM)
non-GBR bearer UMTS: None
LTE-A Introduction
ranges within index LTE:
4 LBFD-001027
LAOFD-001001

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Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd.
eRAN
AQM Feature Parameter Description 8 Counters

Counter ID Counter Name Counter Feature ID Feature Name


Description

1526729471 L.AQM.PacketDro Number of packets Multi-mode: None Active Queue


pNum.QCI.6 discarded by AQM GSM: None Management
for services with (AQM)
QCI of 6 UMTS: None
Active Queue
LTE: Management
LBFD-001027 (AQM)
MLBFD-12100242

1526729472 L.AQM.PacketDro Number of packets Multi-mode: None Active Queue


pNum.QCI.7 discarded by AQM GSM: None Management
for services with (AQM)
QCI of 7 UMTS: None
Active Queue
LTE: Management
LBFD-001027 (AQM)
MLBFD-12100242

1526729473 L.AQM.PacketDro Number of packets Multi-mode: None Active Queue


pNum.QCI.8 discarded by AQM GSM: None Management
for services with (AQM)
QCI of 8 UMTS: None
Active Queue
LTE: Management
LBFD-001027 (AQM)
MLBFD-12100242

1526729474 L.AQM.PacketDro Number of packets Multi-mode: None Active Queue


pNum.QCI.9 discarded by AQM GSM: None Management
for services with (AQM)
QCI of 9 UMTS: None
Active Queue
LTE: Management
LBFD-001027 (AQM)
MLBFD-12100242

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Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd.
eRAN
AQM Feature Parameter Description 9 Glossary

9 Glossary

For the acronyms, abbreviations, terms, and definitions, see Glossary.

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Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd.
eRAN
AQM Feature Parameter Description 10 Reference Documents

10 Reference Documents

None

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Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd.