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(0 8 DAN - 05 B.Sc. (Semester — V) Examination, October 2010 CHEMISTRY (Paper — I) (6 Units) Physical Chemistry (CH - 311) Duration : 2 Hours Total Marks : 80 Instructions : i) Answer to the two Sections should be written in separate answer books. ii) Figures to the right indicate full marks. iii) Use of non-programmable calculator is allowed. iv) Log tables will be supplied on request. v) All questions are compulsory, however internal choice is available. Physical Constants N= 6.023 x 1075 molecules/mole. h = 6.626 = 10-4 Js. lam.u. = 931.5 MeV. F = 96500 Coulombs. SECTION - I 40 Marks 1. Answer any four from the following questions : (4x4) i) Derive de Broglie’s equation. Is the wavelength in this equation of any physical significance for large bodies ? ii) What is an operator ? Explain Hamiltonian operator. iil) Explain physical interpretation of wave function. iv) Write an account of single electrode potential. v) List four similarities between liquid drop and nucleus. vi) Explain shape of CS, and H,O on the basis of dipole moment. . P.T.O. DAN - 05 2. {AO 8 A 2. A) i) Write two demerits of hydrogen electrode. 2 ii) Calculate uncertainty in velocity of an electron of mass 9.1103! kg a) if Ax=2mm b) Ax=1m. 4 OR 2. A) iii) Calculate oxidation potential of the following electrode. Pt|I,,I- (a=0.03) BE? =- 0.5335. 2 oxi /T iv) Write any two postulates of wave mechanics. 4 B) Write Mossoti-Clausius relation. How can you use it to measure dipole moment by refractivity method ? 6 3. A) i) What do you understand by ozimuthal quantum number ? For != | how many value can m take ? 2 ii) Derive an equation for half life of radioelement for the equation for decay constant . If half life of Ra””° is 1450 years, starting with two grams, how much will remain after 5800 years ? 4 OR 3. A) iii) What do you understand by nodes in a one dimensional box ? When n= 2 what is the probability of finding the particle at the centre of box ? 2 iv) Write the importance of binding energy curve. Calculate average binding energy per nucleon for, Si if itsbinding energy is 236.51 MeV, 4 B) What do you understand by standard oxidation potential ? An alkali metal has standard oxidation potential + 3.045, will it be able to decompose water to form H, gas ? Why ? 3. DAN — 05 SECTION ~ IT 40 Marks . Answer any four of the following : i) Derive an expression for electrolyte concentration cell without transference reversible to anion. ii) What are rotational spectra ? Derive the equation for the frequency of lines in the rotational spectrum of a diatomic molecule. iii) What is multiplicative ion collection ? Give three points'of difference between GM. counter and proportional counter. iv) The e.mf. of an electrolyte concentration cell with transference reversible to cations at 25°C is 0.0445 Volts. If the electrolyte used is AgNO,, determine the transport number of the ions. Given m, = 0.02, m, = 0.1, 7; = 0.65, and 2 = 0.73. v) Show that for a rigid diatomic rotor the moment of Joertin iz given by I= ur’. vi) With a neat labeled diagram explain the instrumentation of GM. counter. . A) Whatare concentration cells ? Explain the origin of liquid junction potential and show how it can be eliminated. OR A) How is the ionic product of water determined by using the e.m.f. measurements ? B) Explain illustratively the principle, instrumentation and the working of scintillation counter. 16