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(ANGE A BSC 5-22 B.Sc. (Semester - V) Examination, April 2017 CHEMISTRY (Paper — I) (Six Units) Physical Chemistry Duration : 2 Hours . Total Marks : 80 Instructions ; 1) Answer to the two Sections should be written in separate answer books. 2) Figures to the right indicate full marks. 3) Use of non-programmable calculator is allowed. 4) Log tables will be supplied on request. 5) All questions are compulsory, however internal choice is available. Physical constants : N = 6.023 x 10% molecules/mole, h = 6.626 x 10 Js, 1 a.m.u. = 931.5 MeV, F = 96500 Coulombs. m=9.109x 10°"Kg. SECTION-1 4. Answer any four questions from the following : (4x4=16) a) With the help of binding energy curve explain the stability of "80, 'C, He elements. b) Explain “To every observable there corresponds an operator”. c) Derive Schrodinger wave equation for Hydrogen atom. d) Write a short note on electrochemical series. e) Explain the determination of dipole moment by vapour temperature method. f) What is sine wave ? What is sinusoidal wave equation ? 2. A) i) Calculate the e.m.{. of the following cell at 25°C, (Given : E°=0.771V) PuFe#* (a = 1)/Fe%* (a =0.1). 2 ii). Define half life of radioelement and explain the theory of radioactive disintegration. 4 OR P.T.O. BSC 5-22 2 {ARE iii) Write the cell reaction and calculate Emf of the cell. (Given: E°wiwit = —0.24V and E°re?* re = +0.77V) 2 iv) What are ‘magic numbers’ ? How they explain the nuclear stability ? 4 B) i) Explain Born’s interpretation of wave function. . 4 ii) Howcan you differentiate between the o, mand p isomer by dipole moment measurements ? : 3. A) i) Whatare quantum numbers ? Explain their significance. 4 ji) Write Clausius Mosotti equation. Explain the terms involved in it. 2 OR . ili) Derive an expression for energy for particle in one dimensional box. 4 iv) How can you differentiate between the cis and trans isomer by dipole moment measurements ? 2 B) i) Derive Nernst equation for emf of a galvanic cell. 4 ii) Explain radioactivity induced by particle. 2 SECTION-II 4, Answer any four of the following questions : (4x4) a). What are concentration cell ? Explain-with examples how they are classified. b) Explain Born-Oppenheimer approximation. State its limitation. c) Whatis specific ionization ? Explain the working of ionization chamber. d) Whatis overvoltage ? Explain the 3 important factors which affects overvoltage. . ) What are microwave active and microwave inactive molecules ? State the selection rules for microwave spectroscopy. f) Explain with respect to Geiger Muller counter a) Dead time b) Townsend avalanche. 5. A) i) Explain the origin of the liquid junction potential. How itis eliminated? 3 ii) Derive an expression for electrolyte concentration cell without transference reversible to anions. OR iii) What is decomposition potential? How itis experimentally determined? 3 iv) Derive an expression for electrode concentration cell reversible to cations. B) Explain with neat diagram the principle, construction and working of scintillation counter. 6 o ‘NO 2 BSC 5-22 6. .A) i) For the cell Ag/AGNO.(m, = 0.01 m, 7, = 0.94)/AgNO,(m, = 0.1 m, 1, = 0.82)/Ag. The emf is 0.057 V at 298 K. Determine the transport number of the Ag* and NO, ions in the given range of concentration. 4 ii) State the role of Ethyl Alcohol and Argon gas used in Geiger-Muller counter. 2 OR iii) The EMF of the cell Ag/AgCl.) (m, =0.05m, ¥,'= 0.821)// AGNOg (m= 0.1 m, 7, = 0.725)/Ag is 0.4298 V. Calculate the solubility and solubility product of AgCl in pure water at 298 K. 4 iv) State important characteristics of ideal scintillator. 2 B) i) From the microwave spectrum of the HCI molecule itis observed that the frequency difference between the successive absorption lines is found to be 20.7 cm~". Calculate the bond length of the molecule. (H = 1.008 amu, Cl = 35.46 amu, N = 6.023 x 1023). 3 ii) Explain the application of emf measurements for the determination of ionic product of water. 3