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Index:-

Sr no. Title Page no.

1 What is Database 4

2 Database Management 5

3 Importance of DBMS 5

4 Airline Management System Introduction 6

5 Benefits 6

6 Implement of DBMS 7

7 Requirement 8

8 ER Diagram 10

9 SQL 11

10 Security 15

11 References 16

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Database:-

over view

collection of logical related


data it can easily access

Data store in table,Rows


And Column

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Database management:-

 A database management system (DBMS) is


system software.
 Creating and managing databases.
 In which files are integrated to each other
 The DBMS facilitates the user to create,
 retrieve, update and manage data.

Importance of DBMS:-

 It helps make data management more efficient


and effective.
 A database management system stores, organizes
and manages a large amount of information
within a single software application.
 Use of this system increases efficiency of business
operations and reduces overall costs.
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Introduction of Airline Managements System:-

 We used DBMS in airline management system.


 First of all, we need to identify the entities, attribute
and relationships.
 When we use DBMS, the record of all airport
management entities is in the same location.
 We shows entities, attributes and relationships by ER
diagram.
 SQL is a language which is used for applying queries.
Example we applying queries for insertion, deletion or
updating etc.

Benefits:-

 While using DBMS, the data is independent.


 It removes duplication of data.
 Easy to insert, update and delete data in DBMS.
 When we use DBMS, the files integrated each other.
 We can secure our data by using DBMS.
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Problems:-

 They do not communicate at accurate time.


 Duplication of Data
 Data Dependency
 At the Time of installation of a data base or
implementation of database we check the capacity of
the operating system if operating system cannot
capable to perform the operations we need to install
a upgrade operating system to run a database
efficiently.

Implement of DBMS:-
 Analyze user environment.
 Develop logical model.
 Choose DBMS.
 Map logical model DBMS.
 Develop physical Design.
 Evaluate Physical Model.
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Requirements of DMS:-
 Database management system required an operating system that
has capability to run and perform the operation of database with
the help of quires.
 Database required a that Database Administrator for control the of
the data flow.

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Entities & Attribute:-

 ENTITY: Airport
Attribute (Airport_id,Airport_name,city)

 ENTITY: Employee
Attribute (emp_id, emp_name,emp_age,Airport_name,
Salary,job,emp_address)

 ENTITY: Passengers
Attribute(p_id,p_name,p_age,p_adress,country_name )

 ENTITY: Airline Companies


Attribute (c_id,c_name,city,country)

 ENTITY: Ticket
Attribute (order_no,flight_name,seat_dass,price,
passenger_name)

 ENTITY: flight time


Attribute (flight_no,airport_name,arrivals_hours,
airport_arrival,departure_hours)

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ER Diagram:-

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Description:-
 Airport has employees
 Employees serve passengers
 Passengers purchases tickets
 Flight carries passengers
 Ticket belongs to flight

SQL:-
 S.Q.L stands for Structured Query language.
 It is used to interact with the database.
 SQL was developed by IBM.
 It is the standard language for RDBMS.
 Using SQL statements we can perform tasks such as retrieving or
updating data from the database.
 Select statement
 Insert into
 Delete table

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Basic statements:-
 Data definition language
 Select statement
 Create statement
 Alter statement
 Adding a column
 Renaming a column
 Drop statement

Select statement:-
Select * from<table_name>
Where<condition>;
Example
Select*from student
Where name= ali ;

Create statement:-
Create table <table_name>
( colume1 data_type,
colume2 data_type,…
colume n data_type);

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Example
Create table student
( std_id varchar(15),
Std_name varchar(20),
Std_address varchar(40));

Alter statement:-
Alter table <table_name>
Add(colume1 data_type,colume2 data_type,column
Data_type);

Example
Alter table student
Add (roll_no varchar(10),std_age varchar(3));

Drop statement:-
Drop table <table_name>;
Example
Drop table student;

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Basic statements:-
 Data manipulation language(DML)
 Insert statement
 Delete statement

Insert statement:-
Syntax:
Insert into <table_name> (colume1,colume2,..colume n)
Values(value1,value2,…value n);
Example:
Insert into student (std_id,name,address)
Values(10,ali,abc);

Delete statement:-
Syntax:
Delete from <table_name>
Where (condition);
Example:
Delete from student
Where std_id=10;

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DBMS Security:-
 The unit of data used in specifying security in the database can be,
for example;
 the entire database
 a set of relations
 individual relation
 a set of tuples in a relation
 individual tuple
 a set of attributes of all tuples
 an attribute of an individual tuple.

Security:-
 Database Security involves protection against:
 unauthorized disclosures
 alteration
 destruction
Stop people without db access from having any access.

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Reference:-
 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Database
 https://www.slideshare.net/FahadChishti/database-project-airport-
management-system
 https://google.com aniket handore

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