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МБОУ СОШ №9 с углублённым изучением отдельных предметов г.

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Нижегородской области

Учитель английского языка Нина Владиславовна Зрячева

14 марта 2014 года

Урок по обучению коммуникативному чтению на основе журнальной статьи.

Тема: «Флора и фауна»

Задачи:

практическая – обучение чтению с полным пониманием прочитанного и развитие


умения монологической речи на основе прочитанного;

воспитывающая – обучение постановке целей на будущее и определение способов


их достижения;

образовательная – расширение общего и филологического кругозора;

развивающая – развитие речевых способностей.

Языковой и речевой материал:

а) ЛЕ по теме;

б) РО: I know that…; I have learnt that…;

Оснащение:

Книга «First Certificate Practice Tests» by Diana L. Fried-Booth , Longman, 2006

Ход урока

1. Речевая зарядка
T: Good morning, nice to see you again. I hope you are well today. Spring has
come at last. Have you seen the rooks? They have come back.
P: Yes, but early spring is not always sunny and warm. Sometimes night
temperatures are still very low and besides there isn’t food supply enough. Birds
are very weak after long flights back home.
T: It’s really a great problem.
P: We should help them.
2. Обучение чтению с полным пониманием прочитанного текста (аутентичной
журнальной статьи).
2.1. T: Today we are going to read an article about a photographer who
specializes in taking photographs of birds called storks.
2.2. Снятие языковых трудностей.
T: Look at the blackboard, here are some new words and phrases to help you
understand the text better
 a stork – аист
 to be allowed up onto the roof- получить разрешение подняться на крышу
 twigs – прутья
 initially – сначала
 eventually – в конце концов
 in view of – принимая во внимание
 great concern about – большое беспокойство о
 to decrease – уменьшаться
 drought – засуха
 disastrous consequences – катастрофические последствия
 to adjust to – приспособиться к
 sufficient – подходящий
2.3. Предваряющее задание к тексту перед первым прочтением.

T: Read the text carefully (5-7 minutes) and say what the text is about.

2.4. Первое прочтение текста.

« WHITE STORKS».

As I walked along the narrow streets of a small Spanish village, I felt excited at the prospect
of being allowed up onto the roof of a beautiful church. My purpose in being there was to
take photographs of the white storks which had been seen nesting in the bell tower high
above the village streets. In fact, storks had been my ticket into many similar adventures over
the years.

Storks are large, beautiful birds with long necks and taking pictures of them is not easy. In
towns and villages storks build their nests, which are like platforms made out of twigs, high
up on rooftops or treetops. So my initial job was to collect a huge key, let myself into the
church, and climb up the bell tower so I could at least see the white stork nest on the roof of
the tower.

I eventually reached the top and lifted the door above my head. After the hot, dry streets
below there was a wonderful cool breeze and staring at me from their nest about forty metres
away were three half-grown storks. It was a marvellous scene, especially in view of the fact
that towards the end of the twentieth century there was great concern about the future of the
white storks.

The numbers of the storks had been decreasing for various reasons. The major cause for this
decrease was due to the lack of rain in West Africa. Storks traditionally escape the European
winter and depend on insects and other animals for their food supply. The severe drought
caused by hardly any rainfall for years in West Africa had reduced the storks’ supply of food
with disastrous consequences.

Human development has also affected the stork’s ability to survive, but in this case the bird
has proved to be very adaptable. In natural environments, the stork nests in trees and on
rocks. However, as buildings began to spread onto the storks’ natural nesting sites, the birds
adjusted to this loss by carrying their twigs even higher. Radio towers, road signs, statues,
monuments, chimneys and even pylons carrying electricity have become loaded with piles of
twigs.

Another example of the stork’s amazing ability to adjust to changes in the environment is its
diet. If a stork can’t find sufficient food in the natural habitat then it seems it will quite
happily feed off it can find in rubbish tips. This reliable source of food is probably one of the
reasons why a sizable percentage of the stork populations in Spain no longer migrate by
flying off to Africa for the winter.

However, there is a new threat to storks on the horizon. European Union rules and
regulations may affect the source of food found on rubbish tips, as governments are now
being asked to clean up rubbish tips by covering them over. This will obviously cut off a
valuable food supply for the storks. Nevertheless, like any animal or bird which has so
successfully adapted to human development, the stork will no doubt find a way to ensure it
will survive long into the future.

2.5. Контроль предваряющего задания.

T: So, what is the text about?

P1: The text is about birds.

P2: The text is about the survival of the birds.

2.6. Повторное чтение текста «White Storks».

T: Read the text once more and put the pictures in the right order.
2.7. Контроль понимания прочитанного (условно-речевые упражнения)

P3: Picture 1 (pylons carrying electricity have become loaded with piles of twigs),
picture 3 (it can find food in rubbish tips), picture 3(the stork populations in Spain no
longer migrate by flying off to Africa for the winter)

T: Answer the questions on the text and give the proof from the text.

1. Who is the narrator of the story?


2. What was his purpose in being in Spain?
3. Why had storks been his ticket into many adventures over the years?
4. Was he lucky to see the birds?
5. Why was there a great concern about the birds in the 20th century?
6. How do birds adjust to the environmental changes?
7. Will the stork survive?
2.8. Обучение содержательной идентификации понятной информации.

T: Look through the text and find equivalents to

 to stroll along the streets ( to walk)


 to adapt ( to adjust to)
 first (initially)
 a great number (a sizable percentage)
 food (diet)
2.9. Обучение содержательному поиску информации.

T: What do you think about the situation upon the whole? (Use the final paragraph
to give the right answer or give your own ideas)

2.10. Oбучение монологической речи на основе прочитанного текста.

T: Tell us what you have learnt about white storks and their problems, begin with
«from the text «White Storks» I have learnt about many problems of beautiful birds
called storks»…
P1: I have learnt that it is very difficult to take pictures of white storks because
they make their nests very high.

P2: I have learnt that their nests are like platforms made out of twigs high up on
rooftops or treetops

P3: Now I know that human development has also affected the storks’ ability to
survive etc.

3. Обучение неподготовленной монологической речи (речевое упражнение).

T: Tell your classmates about the storks, use the language of the text

4. Работа над рецептивным словарём.

4.1. Уточните значение лексических единиц рецептивного характера


T: Find the following words and phrases in the text and try to find out their
meaning
at a prospect of being allowed; due to the lack of; sites; pylons carrying
electricity; to become loaded with; the reliable source; to insure
4.2. Найдите в тексте предложения с этими словами и переведите их на
родной язык.

T: Find the sentences with these words and phrases in the text and translate them
into Russian.

4.3. Составьте вопросы к найденным предложениям.


T: Make up questions to the sentences you have found.
5. Подведение итогов работы на этапе.
T: So what have we done at the lesson today?
P4: We have spoken about one of the most important ecological problems such as
the survival of animals.
6. Формулирование домашнего задания.
T: Please write an essay about the animals in your town and the way you would
like to help them.
T: I have some interesting texts about other ecological problems in this country, if
you want to know more , read one of them and tell it to the group in short next
time.

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