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Katelyn Dudash

Mrs. Haberman

AP Chemistry

September 14, 2017

Hydrate Formula Lab

a. Goal:
The goal of this lab was to find the formula for hydrated salts by decomposing the salt
using heat.
b. Data:
Mass of empty evaporating dish: 41.9808g
Mass of hydrate used: 1.9763g
Mass of evaporating dish + hydrate 43.9571g
Mass of evaporating dish + anhydrous 42.9720g
salt (at constant mass)

c. Calculations:
The first two calculations were simple subtraction problems to find the anhydrous salt
and water evaporated:

𝑀𝑎𝑠𝑠 𝑜𝑓 𝐸𝑣𝑎𝑝𝑜𝑟𝑎𝑡𝑖𝑛𝑔 𝐷𝑖𝑠ℎ 𝑎𝑛𝑑 𝐴𝑛ℎ𝑦𝑑𝑟𝑜𝑢𝑠 𝑆𝑎𝑙𝑡 − 𝑀𝑎𝑠𝑠 𝑜𝑓 𝐸𝑣𝑎𝑝𝑜𝑟𝑎𝑡𝑖𝑛𝑔 𝐷𝑖𝑠ℎ

= 𝑀𝑎𝑠𝑠 𝑜𝑓 𝐴𝑛ℎ𝑦𝑑𝑟𝑜𝑢𝑠

𝐻𝑦𝑑𝑟𝑎𝑡𝑒 𝑀𝑎𝑠𝑠 − 𝐴𝑛ℎ𝑦𝑑𝑟𝑜𝑢𝑠 𝑀𝑎𝑠𝑠 = 𝑀𝑎𝑠𝑠 𝑜𝑓 𝑊𝑎𝑡𝑒𝑟

Then convert the mass of the anhydrous and water to moles using the mass of the
elements. To find the coefficient for the empirical formula, the mass of the water (in
moles) is divided by the mass of the Magnesium Chloride (in moles):

𝑀𝑎𝑠𝑠 𝑜𝑓 𝑊𝑎𝑡𝑒𝑟(𝑖𝑛 𝑚𝑜𝑙𝑒𝑠)/𝑀𝑎𝑠𝑠 𝑜𝑓 𝑀𝑎𝑔𝑛𝑒𝑠𝑖𝑢𝑚 𝐶ℎ𝑙𝑜𝑟𝑖𝑑𝑒 (𝑖𝑛 𝑚𝑜𝑙𝑒𝑠)

= 𝑇ℎ𝑒 𝐶𝑜𝑒𝑓𝑓𝑖𝑐𝑖𝑒𝑛𝑡
d. Conclusion/Error:
After performing the calculations necessary, the coefficient for the empirical form:
𝑀𝑔𝐶𝑙2 ∗ 5𝐻2𝑂
Possible errors in the experimentation could have been not allowing the hydrate to cool
in between heating it. This could have affected the mass calculations because the heat
trapped between the evaporating dish and watch glass would have added mass.