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# Software Verification

REVISION NO.: 0

## P-M INTERACTION CHECK FOR COMPRESSION-CONTROLLED RECTANGULAR COLUMN

EXAMPLE DESCRIPTION
The Demand/Capacity ratio for a given axial loading and moment is tested in this
example.

## A reinforced concrete column is subjected factored axial load Pu = 398.4 k and

moments Muy = 332 k-ft. This column is reinforced with 4 #9 bars. The total area
of reinforcement is 8.00 in2. The design capacity ratio is checked by hand
calculations and result is compared.

Pu=398.4 kips

Muy=332k-ft 22"

A A
2.5" 14"

10’

Section A-A

## E= 3600 k/in2 b = 14 in f’c = 4 k/in2

ν= 0.2 d = 19.5 in fy = 60 k/in2
G= 1500 k/in2

## ACI 318-11 Example 002 - 1

Software Verification
PROGRAM NAME: ETABS
REVISION NO.: 0

## TECHNICAL FEATURES TESTED

 Tied Reinforced Concrete Column Demand/Capacity Ratio

RESULTS COMPARISON
Independent results are hand calculated and compared.

Percent
Output Parameter ETABS Independent Difference
Column Demand/Capacity Ratio 1.000 1.00 0.00%

## COMPUTER FILE: ACI 318-11 Ex002

CONCLUSION
The computed results show an exact match with the independent results.

## ACI 318-11 Example 002 - 2

Software Verification
PROGRAM NAME: ETABS
REVISION NO.: 0

HAND CALCULATION

## f’c = 4 ksi fy = 60 ksi

b = 14 inch d = 19.5 inch
Pu = 398.4 kips Mu = 332 k-ft

1) Because e = 10 inch < (2/3)d = 13 inch., assume compression failure. This assumption will be
checked later. Calculate the distance to the neutral axis fro a balanced condition, cb:

## Position of neutral axis at balance condition:

87 87
cb = dt = (19.5) = 11.54 inch
87 + f y 87 + 60

## 2) From the equation of equilibrium:

Pn = Cc + Cs − T
where
Cc = 0.85 f c' ab = 0.85 • 4 • 14a = 47.6a
( )
Cs = As' f y - 0.85 f c' = 4 ( 60 - 0.85 • 4 ) = 226.4 kips
Assume compression steels yields, (this assumption will be checked later).
(
T = As f s = 4 f s f s < f y )
Pn = 47.6a + 226.4 - 4 f s (Eqn. 1)

## 3) Taking moments about As:

  a ' 
Pn =
1
(
Cc  d - 2  + Cs d - d  )
 
e'  
The plastic centroid is at the center of the section and d " = 8.5 inch
e' = e + d " = 10 + 8.5 = 18.5 inch.
1   a 
Pn =  47.6a 19.5 -  + 226.4 (19.5 - 2.5 ) 
18.5   2 

## ACI 318-11 Example 002 - 3

Software Verification
PROGRAM NAME: ETABS
REVISION NO.: 0

## a = 0.85 • 13.45 = 11.43 inch

Substitute in Eqn. 2:
Pn = 50.17 • 11.43 - 1.29 • (11.43) + 208 = 612.9 kips
2

## 5) Calculate fs from the strain diagram when c = 13.45 inch.

 19.5 -13.45 
fs =   87 = 39.13 ksi
 13.45 
εs = εt = f s Es = 0.00135

## 6) Substitute a = 13.45 inch and fs = 39.13 ksi in Eqn. 1 to calculate Pn2:

Pn2 = 47.6 (11.43) + 226.4 - 4 ( 39.13) = 613.9 kips
Which is very close to the calculated Pn2 of 612.9 kips (less than 1% difference)
 10 
M n = Pn e = 612.9   = 510.8 kips-ft
 12 

## 7) Check if compression steels yield. From strain diagram,

 13.45 - 2.5 
ε s' =   ( 0.003) = 0.00244 > ε y = 0.00207 ksi
 13.45 
Compression steels yields, as assumed.

8) Calculate φ ,
dt = d = 19.5 inch, c = 13.45 inch
 19.45 -13.45 
ε t (at the tension reinforcement level) = 0.003   = 0.00135
 13.45 

## φ Pn = 0.65 ( 612.9 ) = 398.4 kips

φ M n = 0.65 ( 510.8 ) = 332 k-ft.