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Disclaimer and Legal Notice

This Excel-based calculator was prepared by Clock Spring Company L.P. based on the equations and work sponsored by
Gas Technology Institute (GTI) and reported in GRI 98/0265 "Pipeline Repair Assessment Software Tool - GRIWrap for Windows
and GRI 95/0244 "GRIWrap Pipeline Repair Program".

The B31 Calculator is based on ASME B31G-1991, "Manual for Determining the Remaining Strength of Corroded Pipelines.

Legal Notice
Neither Clock Spring Company L.P. nor GTI, nor any person acting on behalf of them:

A. Makes any warranty or representation, express or implied, with respect to the accuracy, completeness, or
usefulness of the information contained herein, or that the use of any method or process disclosed may not
infringe privately owned rights; or

B. Assumes any liability with respect to the use of or for damages resulting from the use of, any information,
apparatus, method, calculation, or process in this work.

Clock Spring Company L.P.


14107 Interdrive West, Houston, Texas, 77032
Phone 281-590-8491 Fax. 281-590-9528
www.clockspring.com

Version 120302
Data Input
Pipe Diameter (Dia.) 24.000 inches Allowable Defect Depth vs. Length
Wall Thickness (t) 0.375 inches (at Design and Operating Pressures)
Pipe Strength (SMYS) 52000 psi 0.35
Defect Depth 0.18 inches Column U Column G Column L
Defect Length 2 inches 0.3
Operating Pressure (MOP) 488 psi
0.25
Design Factor (DF) 0.72

Depth (inches)
Temperature Factor (TF) 1 0.2
Pipe Joint Factor (JF) 1
Clock Spring is acceptable, Shape Factor = 1 0.15

0.1
Output Messages
Defect depth % of wall 48.0% 0.05
UTS (Approximate) 66000 psi
0
Design Pressure (MAOP or P) 1170 psi

1
1.5
2
2.5
3
3.5
4
4.5
5
5.5
6
6.5
7
8
8.5
9
9.5
10

12.5
13
14
16
17
18.5
20
21

24

27
28
28.5

31
32.5

35
36.5
0.5

7.5

10.5
11
11.5
12
13.5
14.5
15
15.5
16.5
17.5
18
19
19.5
20.5
21.5
22
22.5
23
23.5
24.5
25
25.5
26
26.5
27.5
29
29.5
30
30.5
31.5
32
33
33.5
34
34.5
35.5
36
37
37.5
Safe Operating Pressure (P') 1170 psi

Length (inches)

Clock Spring is acceptable, Shape Factor = 1


Maximum defect length and depth from B31G.
With corrosion length of 2 inches, and MOP of 488 psi max depth is 0.300 inches.
With corrosion depth of 0.18 inches, and MOP of 488 psi max length is NL inches.
No repair needed.

Calculations from GRIWrap Analysis.


Pressure-failure reinforced (Pfr) 2271 psi Shape factor (B) 1
Pressure-pristine yield (Pyo) 1625 psi Ratio Pfr / Pyo 1.40

408726388.xls
Engineering Analysis - Clock Spring®
Pipe Details Operating Details
Outside diameter (Dia.) 24.00 inches Operating pressure (Po) 488 psi
Wall thickness (t) 0.375 inches Class Location 1 Design Factor 0.72
Grade (SMYS) 52000 psi Temp.Factor (TF) 1 Joint Factor (JF) 1
Defect Details
Defect depth 0.180 inches Defect identification
Defect length 2.00 inches
Depth as % of wall 48% Date February 8, 2019
B31G Assessment
Maximum allowable pressure (P) (MAOP) 1170 psi P = ((2*SMYS*t)/Dia.)*DF*TF*JF
Safe operating pressure (Ps) 1170 psi

At the operating pressure (Po) specified the maximum length for the depth specified is not limitted.
At the operating pressure (Po) specified the maximum depth for the length specified is 0.300 inches.

The pipeline is operating safely.

Clock Spring® Analysis


Pristine yield pressure of the pipe. 1625 psi - Pyo Pyo = (2*SMYS*t)/Dia.
Failure pressure of the reinforced pipe. 2271 psi - Prf
Reinforced failure to pristine yield ratio. 1.40
Defect profile factor. 1
Clock Spring® repair is acceptable.
Values used in calculation.
Failure stress of the Clock Spring® - 20 ksi
Clock Spring® Analysis
Modulus of the Clock Spring® - 5 x106 psi
2500 Modulus of the pipe - 30 x106 psi
Wrap thickness - 0.0625 inches.
2000
Number of wraps - 8
1500 Thickness of repair - 0.5 inches.
Defect circumferential extent - 100%
1000
Po - Operating pressure.
500
Prf - Reinforced failure pressure.
0 Pyo - Pristine yield pressure.
Po Prf Pyo P Ps P - Design pressure (MAOP)
(MAOP) Ps - Safe operating pressure (B31G).
Version 120302

408726388.xls