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Hydrastart Couplings

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Renold through
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Renold Gears has been manufacturing high quality, high specification gear units for over
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Renold andhas
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high technologygear
specification withunits
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for over
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products
100 yearsand
andpower transmission
has always been at solutions.
the leading edge of gear technology with innovative
products and power transmission solutions.
products and power transmission solutions.

Interchangeability
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Many of the products from
Many of the products from
RenoldofGears
Many are dimensionally
the products from
Renold Gears are dimensionally
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Renold Gears arewith other
dimensionally
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manufacturers gear units,
interchangeable with other
manufacturers gear units,
allowing a trouble
manufacturers gearfree
units,
allowing a trouble free
replacement of gearboxes,
allowing a trouble free
replacement of gearboxes,
in most casesof
replacement upgrading
gearboxes,the
in most cases upgrading the
capacity through state of
in most cases upgrading the the
capacity through state of the
art technology
capacity throughand materials.
state of the
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art technology and materials.
Custom
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Made
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Renold Gears isMade
unique in it’s
Renold Gears is unique in it’s
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Renoldto offeriscustom
Gears uniquemade
in it’s
ability to offer custom made
products designed to meet
ability to offer custom made
products designed to meet
customersdesigned
products exactingto meet
customers exacting
requirements without
customers exacting
requirements without
compromise on availability and
requirements without
compromise on availability and
cost. From complete
compromise package
on availability and
cost. From complete package
solutions
cost. Fromtocomplete
individual precision
package
solutions to individual precision
replacement gears, all can
solutions to individual be
precision
replacement gears, all can be
tailor made to meet specific
replacement gears, all can be
tailor made to meet specific
tailor made torequirements.
applicational meet specific
applicational requirements.
applicational requirements.
Available
Available
Available
The most popular ranges of
The most popular ranges of
gearboxes
The are available
most popular rangesfrom
of
gearboxes are available from
local distribution stock, backed
gearboxes are available from
local distribution stock, backed
up bydistribution
local extensive stocks
stock,from our
backed
up by extensive stocks from our
manufacturing
up by extensiveplant
stocksinfrom
the UK.
our
manufacturing plant in the UK.
manufacturing plant in the UK.

Superior Gear & Coupling Technology


Superior Gear & Coupling Technology
Superior Gear & Coupling Technology

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Page 01

Contents
Page No

Renold Gears inside front cover


The Renold Collection 02
Coupling Selection Guide 04
Load Classification by Application 05
Service Factors and Selection 06
Key and Keyway Dimensions 07
Hydrastart Fluid Coupling 08
Operating Principles 09
Delayed Fill 10
‘Soft’ Starting 11
Hydrastart Selection Chart 12
Coupling Rating Tables 13
Standard Available Options 14
Overload Protection 15
Hydrastart Pinflex Coupling – Dimensions (mm) 16
Hydrastart Pinflex Coupling – With Brake Attachment 17
Hydrastart Gearflex Coupling – Dimensions (mm) 18
Hydrastart Pulley – Dimensions (mm) 19
Hydrastart Drop-in 20
Renold Chain inside back cover
Page 02

The Collection

Spiderflex Coupling SpiderJaw Coupling SpiderWrap Coupling

33 kW Max power / 100 rpm (kW) 45 kW Max power / 100 rpm (kW) 45 kW
Max power / 100 rpm (kW)
63 kg Max weight 84 kg Max weight 84 kg
Max weight
115 mm Max shaft size 115 mm Max shaft size 115 mm
Max shaft size
7,700 rpm Max speed (rpm) 31,000 rpm Max speed (rpm) 9,000 rpm
Max speed (rpm)
275 mm Max outer diameter 305 mm Max outer diameter 323 mm
Max outer diameter
3,150 Nm Max torque (Nm) 4,308 Nm Max torque (Nm) 4,308 Nm
Max torque (Nm)

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Pinflex Coupling
Crownpin Coupling

Max power / 100 rpm (kW) 340 kW


Max power / 100 rpm (kW) 2,607 kW
Max weight 423 kg
Max weight 2,250 kg
Max shaft size 260 mm
Max shaft size 300 mm
Max speed (rpm) 6,800 rpm
Max speed (rpm) 6,210 rpm
Max outer diameter 490 mm
Max outer diameter 1,220 mm
Max torque (Nm) 32,500 Nm
Max torque (Nm) 249,400 Nm
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Tyreflex Coupling
Discflex Coupling Chainflex Coupling

Max power / 100 rpm (kW) 66 kW


Max power / 100 rpm (kW) 45 kW
Max weight 49 kg Max power / 100 rpm (kW) 90 kW
Max weight 67 kg
Max shaft size 150 mm Max weight 85 kg
Max shaft size 110 mm
Max speed (rpm) 4,500 rpm Max shaft size 140 mm
Max speed (rpm) 2,900 rpm
Max outer diameter 470 mm Max speed (rpm) 3,500 rpm
Max outer diameter 324 mm
Max torque (Nm) 6,270 Nm Max outer diameter 357 mm
Max torque (Nm) 4,298 Nm
Max torque (Nm) 8,595 Nm
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Hydrastart Couplings
Page 03

The Collection

Rigid Coupling Renoldflex

Max power / 100 rpm (kW) 1,640 kW Max power / 100 rpm (kW) 482 kW
Max weight 501 kg Max weight N/A
Max shaft size 290 mm Max shaft size 180 mm
Max speed (rpm) 7,100 rpm Max speed (rpm) 1,2000 rpm
Max outer diameter 527 mm Max outer diameter 345 mm
Max torque (Nm) 156,620 Nm Max torque (Nm) 46,000 Nm
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A Series Gear Coupling Croft MB Gear Coupling


D Series Gear Coupling

Max power / 100 rpm (kW) 1,640 kW Max power / 100 rpm (kW) 565 kW
Max power / 100 rpm (kW) 2,209 kW
Max weight 443 kg Max weight 560 kg
Max weight 374 kg
Max shaft size 260 mm Max shaft size 220 mm
Max shaft size 197 mm
Max speed (rpm) 7,100 rpm Max speed (rpm) 3,730 rpm
Max speed (rpm) N/A
Max outer diameter 527 mm Max outer diameter 930 mm
Max outer diameter 518 mm
Max torque (Nm) 156,620 Nm Max torque (Nm) 54,000 Nm
Max torque (Nm) 211,000 Nm

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Hydrastart Coupling Hydrastart Drop-in Coupling

Max power / 100 rpm (kW) 39.1 kW Max power / 100 rpm (kW) 39.1 kW
Max weight 207 kg Max weight N/A
Max shaft size 127 mm Max shaft size 110 mm
Max speed (rpm) 3,500 rpm Max speed (rpm) 2,500 rpm
Max outer diameter 751 mm Max outer diameter 751 mm
Max torque (Nm) N/A Max torque (Nm) N/A

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Ø Ø

Page 04

Coupling Selection Guide O O

Ø
ƒ ƒ
Angular End float axial

Ø Ø
O

Parallel offset Torsional flexibility

Flexible Couplings should be used


ƒ to accommodate any combination of misalignment conditions
described below. ƒ

At installation all couplings should be aligned as near toØ Speed in revolutions per minute
perfect as possible. (a) At which normal power is transmitted.
Ø
(b) At which maximum power is transmitted.
1. Angular (c) Maximum speed.
Angular misalignment is present when the shaft axes are
Dimensions of shafts to be connected
inclined one to the other. Its magnitude can be measured at the
(a) Actual diameter.
coupling faces.
(b) Length of shaft extension.
(c) Full keyway particulars.
2. Parallel Offset
Parallel misalignment is present when the axes of the driving
Selection
and driven shafts are parallel but laterally displaced.
When the input drive is not steady (i.e. not from an electric
motor), and/or the driven load is impulsive, the actual power is
3. End float (axial)
multiplied by a Service Factor from the Table 2 (page 13).
End float is the ability to accommodate a relative axial
displacement of the connected shafts; achieved by sliding
Selection Procedure
members or flexing of resilient components.
1. Nominal power in kW to be transmitted = K.

4. Torsional flexibility 2. Select appropriate load classification from Table 1, denoted


Torsional flexibility is a design feature necessary to permit shock as either S, M or H.
and impulsive loadings to be suitably dampened. It is achieved
3. From Table 2, establish Service Factor(s) to be applied, taking
by the provision of a flexible medium such as rubber, springs,
into account hours of operation/day and prime mover = fD.
etc., between the two halves of the coupling.
4. From Table 3 select factor for the required frequency of
Selection starts/hr = fS.
In order to select the correct type and size of coupling, the
5. Selection Power Ks = K x fD x fS
following basic information should be known:
6. Equivalent power at 100 RPM = Ks x 100
Power to be transmitted
RPM
(a) Normal.
(b) Maximum. 7. Check that coupling selected will accept the required shaft
(c) Whether continuous or intermittent. diameters. Should shaft diameter exceed maximum permissible,
then re-select using next larger size of coupling.
Characteristics of the drive
(a) Type of prime mover and associated equipment.
(b) Degree of impulsiveness of driven load.

Hydrastart Couplings
Page 05

Load Classification by Application

Table 1 Dry dock cranes Planer feed chains M Presses M


Main hoist (2) Planer floor chains M Pulp machine reel M
Agitators Auxiliary hoist (2) Planer tilting hoist M Stock chest M
Pure liquids S Boom, luffing (2) Re-saw merry-go-round conveyor M Suction roll M
Liquids and solids M Rotating, swing or slew (3) Roll cases H Washers and thickeners M
Liquids - variable density M Tracking, drive wheels (4) Slab conveyor H Winders M
Blowers Elevators Small waste conveyor-belt S Printing presses *
Centrifugal S Bucket - uniform load S Small waste conveyor-chain M Pullers
Lobe M Bucket - heavy load M Sorting table M Barge haul H
Vane S Bucket - continuous S Tipple hoist conveyor M
Pumps
Brewing and distilling Centrifugal discharge S Tipple hoist drive M
Centrifugal S
Bottling machinery S Escalators S Transfer conveyors M
Proportioning M
Brew kettles - continuous duty S Freight M Transfer rolls M
Reciprocating
Cookers - continuous duty S Gravity discharge S Tray drive M
single acting: 3 or more cylinders M
Mash tubs - continuous duty S Man lifts * Trimmer feed M
double acting: 2 or more cylinders M
Scale hopper - frequent starts M Passenger * Waste conveyor M
single acting: 1 or 2 cylinders *
Can filling machines S Extruders (plastic) Machine tools double acting: single cylinder *
Cane knives (1) M Film S Bending roll M Rotary - gear type S
Car dumpers H Sheet S Punch press - gear driven H Rotary - lobe, vane S
Coating S Notching press - belt drive *
Car pullers M Rubber and plastics industries
Rods S Plate planners H
Clarifiers S Crackers (1) H
Tubing S Tapping machine H
Classifiers M Laboratory equipment M
Blow moulders M Other machine tools
Mixed mills (1) H
Clay working machinery Pre-plasticiers M Main drives M
Refiners (1) M
Brick press H Fans Auxiliary drives S
Rubber calenders (1) M
Briquette machine H Centrifugal S Metal mills Rubber mill, 2 on line (1) M
Clay working machinery M Cooling towers Drawn bench carriage and Rubber mill, 3 on line (1) S
Pug mill M Induced draft * main drive M Sheeter (1) M
Compressors Forced draft * Pinch, dryer and scrubber Tyre building machines *
Centrifugal S Induced draft M rolls, reversing * Tyre and tube press openers *
Lobe M Large, mine etc. M Slitters M Tubers and strainers (1) M
Reciprocating - multi-cylinder M Large, industrial M Table conveyors nonreversing Warming mills (1) M
Reciprocating - single cylinder H Light, small diameter S group drives M
Sand muller M
Conveyors - uniformly loaded or fed Feeders Individual drives H
Reversing * Screens
Apron S Apron M Air washing S
Assembly S Belt M Wire drawing and flattening machine M
Wire winding machine M Rotary, stone or gravel M
Belt S Disc S Travelling water intake S
Bucket S Reciprocating H Mills, rotary type
Chain S Ball (1) M Sewage disposal equipment
Screw M
Flight S Cement kilns (1) M Bar screens S
Food industry Chemical feeders S
Oven S Beef slicer M Dryers and coolers (1) M
Screw S Kilns other than cement M Collectors S
Cereal cooker S Dewatering screws M
Conveyors - heavy duty Dough mixer M Pebble (1) M
Rod, plain & wedge bar (1) M Scum breakers M
not uniformly fed Meat grinder M Slow or rapid mixers M
Apron M Tumbling barrels H
Generators - not welding S Thickeners M
Assembly M Mixers
Hammer mills H Vacuum filters M
Belt M Concrete mixers continuous M
Bucket M Hoists Concrete mixers intermittent M Slab pushers M
Chain M Heavy duty H Constant density S Steering gear *
Flight M Medium duty M Variable density M Stokers S
Live roll * Skip hoist M
Oil industry Sugar industry
Oven M Laundry Chillers M Cane knives (1) M
Reciprocating H Washers - reversing M Oil well pumping * Crushers (1) M
Screw M Tumblers M Paraffin filter press M Mills (1) M
Shaker H Line shafts Rotary kilns M Textile industry
Crane Drives - not dry dock Driving processing equipment M Paper mills Batchers M
Main hoists S Light S Agitators (mixers) M Calenders M
Bridge travel * Other line shafts S Barker - auxiliaries hydraulic M Cards M
Trolley travel * Lumber industry Barker - mechanical H Dry cans M
Crushers Barkers, hydraulic, mechanical M Barking drum H Dryers M
Ore H Burner conveyor M Beater and pulper M Dyeing machinery M
Stone H Chain saw and drag saw H Bleacher S Looms M
Sugar (1) M Chain transfer H Calenders M Mangles M
Dredges Craneway transfer H Calenders - super H Nappers M
Cable reels M De-barking drum H Converting machine except Pads M
Conveyors M Edger feed M cutters, platers M Range drives *
Cutter head drives H Gang feed M Conveyors S Slashers M
Jig drives H Green chain M Couch M Soapers M
Manoeuvring winches M Live rolls H Cutters, platers H Spinners M
Pumps M Log deck H Cylinders M Tenter frames M
Screen drive H Log haul - incline H Dryers M Washers M
Stackers M Log haul - well type H Fell stretcher M Winders M
Utility winches M Log turning device H Fell whipper H Windlass *
Main log conveyor H Jordans M
Off bearing rolls M Log haul H

Key Note
S = Steady (1) = Select on 24 hours per day service factor only. Machinery characteristics and service factors listed in this catalogue are
M = Medium Impulsive (2) = Use service factor of 1.00 for any duration of service. a guide only. Some applications (e.g. constant power) may require special
considerations. Please consult Renold.
H = Highly Impulsive (3) = Use service factor of 1.25 for any duration of service.
* = Refer to Renold (4) = Use service factor of 1.50 for any duration of service.

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Page 06

Service Factors and Selection

Table 2 Service Factor (fD)


Prime mover Driven machinery characteristics
(Drive input) Duration service Steady load Medium impulsive Highly impulsive
hours/day

Electric, air & hydraulic Intermittent – 3hrs/day max 0.90 1.00 1.50
Motors or steam turbine 3 - 10 1.00 1.25 1.75
(Steady input) over 10 1.25 1.50 2.00
Multi-cylinder I.C. engine Intermittent – 3hrs/day max 1.00 1.25 1.75
(Medium impulsive input) 3 - 10 1.25 1.50 2.00
over 10 1.50 1.75 2.25
Single-cylinder I.C. engine Intermittent - 3hrs/day max 1.25 1.50 2.00
(Highly impulsive input) 3 - 10 1.50 1.75 2.25
over 10 1.75 2.00 2.50

Table 3 Factor for Starts/Hour(fS) Key Stress


1. Permissible key stress = 70N/mm2
No of starts per hour 0-1 1-30 30-60 60-
2. Nominal torque TKM = K x 9550 / RPM Nm
Factor 1,0 1,2 1,3 1,5
3. Force at key F = TKM /r
Example of Selection 4. Shaft Rad r. metres
Coupling is required to transmit 7.5kW at 1440 RPM to connect
an electric motor to a gear box driving a chain conveyor running 5. Key area A = J x HUB length mm
for 18 hours/day and starting 15 times/hour. Shaft diameters (Obtain from relevant catalogue page).
/55mm respectively. 6. Key stress fk = F/A N/mm2
K = 7.5kW 7. If resultant stress is less than 70 N/mm2 key stress is
From Table 1 Load Classification = M (medium impulsive) acceptable.
If resultant fk is greater than 70, consider either two keyways
From Table 2 Service Factor fD = 1.5 or extending hub length.
From Table 3 fS = 1.2 8. Example:
Therefore selection kW is:- TKM = 7.5 x 9550/1440 = 49.7Nm
Ks = K x fD x fS r = 55/2 = 27.5mm ÷ 1000 = 0.0275m
= 7.5 x 1.5 x 1.2
= 13.5 kW F = 49.7/0.0275 = 1741N

Equivalent power at 100 RPM = Ks x 100 A = 16 x 45 = 720mm2


RPM fk = 1741/720 = N/mm2
= 13.5 x 100 Selection is therefore good.
1440

= 0.9375kW @ 100RPM For operation above 80% of the declared maximum coupling
speed it is recommended that the coupling is dynamically
From page 17 selection is RSC110 (644911) balanced.
(maximum bore 55 mm).

It is the responsibility of the system designer

!
WARNING
to ensure that the application of the coupling
does not endanger the other constituent
components in the system. Service factors
!
WARNING
Rotating equipment must be provided with
a suitable guard before operating or injury
may result.
given are an initial selection guide.

Hydrastart Couplings
Page 07

Key and Keyway Dimensions

[ fig 01 ]
L

J
J

page 8 A/W’s
L
K

K
Metric (mm) Imperial (inches)
Keyways comply with BS4235: Part 1: 1972 Keyways comply with BS46: Part 1: 1958
Shaft dia. Key & keyway Shaft dia. Key & keyway
Over Incl. J K L Over Incl. J K L
6 8 2 2 1.0 0.25 0.05 0.125 0.125 0.060
8 10 3 3 1.4 0.50 0.75 0.187 0.187 0.088
10 12 4 4 1.8 0.75 1.00 0.250 0.250 0.115
12 17 5 5 2.3 1.00 1.25 0.312 0.250 0.112
17 22 6 6 2.8 1.25 1.50 0.375 0.250 0.108
22 30 8 7 3.3 1.50 1.75 0.437 0.312 0.135
30 38 10 8 3.3 1.75 2.00 0.500 0.312 0.131
38 44 12 8 3.3 2.00 2.50 0.625 0.437 0.185
44 50 14 9 3.8 2.50 3.00 0.750 0.500 0.209
50 58 16 10 4.3 3.00 3.50 0.875 0.625 0.264
58 65 18 11 4.4 3.50 4.00 1.000 0.750 0.318
65 75 20 12 4.9 4.00 5.00 1.250 0.875 0.366
75 85 22 14 5.4 5.00 6.00 1.500 1.000 0.412
85 95 25 14 5.4
95 110 28 16 6.4 Keyway dimensions [ fig 01 ]
110 130 32 18 7.4 Parallel keyways are supplied unless customer states otherwise.
130 150 36 20 8.4
150 170 40 22 9.4
170 200 45 25 10.4
200 230 50 28 11.4

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Page 08

Hydrastart Fluid Coupling

A fluid coupling suitable for soft starting high inertia machinery with reduced current demand,
controlled acceleration and torque with motor overload protection.

Coupling capacity • Overload protection - fusible plug • Energy saving through reduced
• Maximum power @ 1500RPM 600kW safeguards equipment. current demand at start-up.

• Maximum torque: 3500RPM • Dampens torsional vibration, • Coupling and V pulley types - design
reducing mechanical stress - extends flexibility.
Features and benefits machine life.

• High inertia controlled torque to • Delay fill version - extends


700 kW. acceleration time and reduces start-
up torque.
• Soft start - motor starts on low load.
• Can match load and speed on multi
• Allows use of standard squirrel cage
drives.
motors.

Hydrastart Couplings
Page 09

Operating Principles

OUTEROuter
COVERS DRIVING IMPELLER (A)�
covers Driving impeller (A)
(OR PUMP)
(or pump)

Driven
DRIVEN impeller
IMPELLER (B)� (B)
(or turbine)
(OR TURBINE)

INPUT
Input OUTPUT
Output
[ fig 07 ]

The coupling is partially filled with hydraulic oil to a level suitable All hydraulic couplings can be driven in either directions of
for the absorbed power of the application and the acceleration rotation.
characteristics of the driven machinery. The optimum oil fill is that
The input and output positions shown are standard, but the input
which just allows the driven machine to accelerate from rest, thus
can be from either side of the coupling.
providing the best drive overload protection.
The standard drive arrangement allows the outer cover to be
Power is supplied to the input side of the coupling by either an
rotated whilst at rest to facilitate oil filling.
electric motor or diesel engine. This causes the driving impeller
(A) [ fig 07 ] to be rotated at motor speed, oil is thrown outwards However, if a brake drum or disc brake is fitted, the brake should
by centrifugal force. The flow of oil is directed across the blades be at the coupling output. See page 67.
of the impeller towards the opposing turbine (B). Kinetic energy is
absorbed by the turbine and translated into torque, which is always To calculate slip %
equal to the input torque and produces rotation of the output (Input speed - output speed) x 100
member (in the same direction as the driver). Input speed

The low resistance of the impeller at start up allows the motor


to quickly accelerate to full speed. The driven load accelerates
smoothly to within a small percentage of the motor speed.

This speed difference is referred to as slip and must always be


present for the successful operation of a fluid coupling.

Typical values of slip will vary between 2% (large power) and 6%


(small power).

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Page 10

Delayed Fill

[ fig 08 ] [ fig 09 ] [ fig 10 ]

Hydrastart Delayed Fill Chamber (Type HS...R)


HydraStart (constant fill) hydraulic couplings having a maximum problems a delay fill chamber is available on sizes HS8 and
oil fill will limit the starting torque to approximately 200% of above.
nominal torque. It is possible to reduce this figure by reducing
This chamber is a modular option and allows a calibrated oil
the quantity of oil in the circuit.
feed into the working circuit. In this way, starting torque can be
The disadvantage of this method is that it produces increased reduced whilst minimising slip under normal running.
slip and higher operating temperatures. To overcome these

At rest [ fig 08 ] Accelerating [ fig 09 ] Running [ fig 10 ]


With the drive at rest, oil drains from At start up the coupling will transmit When the coupling achieves its rated
the working circuit into the delay limited torque, allowing the motor to speed, almost all of the oil is in the
chamber. reach rated speed quickly. Oil flows working circuit and the torque is
from the chamber to the working transmitted at the minimum slip value.
circuit proportionally to the speed.

!
CAUTION
The outer case of the Hydrastart coupling
can become hot during operation. Do not
touch the coupling or a burn may result.
!
CAUTION
Do not attempt to change the coupling oil
during or soon after operation has ceased, as
the oil may be hot and could cause burns.

Hydrastart Couplings
Page 11

‘Soft’ Starting

600 600 600


Slip
100%
500 500 500
WithWith
o ut o ut
Cou Cou
Asorbed current %

Asorbed current %

Starting torque %
pli pli
400 400 ng ng 400

300 300 300 300


B
A Torque %
200 200 200 200

100 C 100 100 100


Slip
2-6%
0 0 0
0

20

40

60

80

100

20

40

60

80

100

20

40

60

80

100
[ fig 11 ] Input speed % [ fig 12 ] Time % [ fig 13 ] Output speed %

Effect of starting on electric motors Effect of starting of electric motors


when fitted with HydraStart Couplings
If a machine is driven by a squirrel cage motor without the use
of a HydraStart fluid coupling, the following conditions arise When a drive includes a HydraStart coupling the motor starts
[ fig 11 ]. on low load, with only an instantaneous current peak at switch
on [ fig 12 ]. At start up all the motor torque is available to
1. Motor will pull out 250/280% FLT.
accelerate the motor rotor and coupling impeller (pump).
2. Motor will consume 6 times FL amps.
3. Increase in motor temperature. The driven impeller (turbine) increases speed smoothly from
zero rpm until the 100% slip curve intersects the motor torque
Star-delta starting reduces overheating. However, the starting
curve at approximately 85% motor speed [ fig 13 ]. When the
torque in star is only 30% that in delta and it is often necessary
torque developed by the HydraStart coupling matches the
to use larger or more complicated wound motors, particularly
resisting torque of the driven machine, acceleration of the load
with high inertia machinery.
commences and continues up to running speed which will be
A = Locked rotor torque between 94% and 98% of the driving speed depending on the
B = Stall torque 250/280% coupling size.
C = Normal torque 100%
I = Amperage HydraStart couplings fitted on diesel engines
HydraStart fluid couplings can be used with all types of
industrial machinery driven by internal combustion
600 engines. [ fig 14 ] shows typical engine and
coupling performance curves.
500
100% slip The horizontal curve represents the engine’s torque
curve whilst the vertical shows the torque capacity
Engine torque %

400
of the coupling for different slip values and speeds.
As load on the driven shaft increases it demands
300
torque, causing the coupling to slip at higher level.
200 If still greater loads are demanded then the coupling
will eventually slip at 100%. Note this does not
100 happen until the engine has developed peak torque.

0 Thus by using a fluid coupling, it permits an engine


to develop maximum torque without stalling under
0

20

40

60

80

100

[ fig 14 Input speed % load and promotes rapid acceleration to normal


load speed.

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Page 12

Hydrastart Selection Chart

725 9600 1440 1750 2950 3600


1000
800
HS13
600
HS12
400

HS11
200
HS10

HS8
100
80
60
HS6
40

20
HS4
kW

10
8
6
HS2
4

1.0
0.8
0.6

0.4

0.2

500 600 700 800 900 1000 1200 1400 1600 1800 2000 2400 2800 3200 3500
t/mn

Larger coupling sizes are available up to 2000kW at 1400 RPM

This chart may be used for the selection of coupling size. If your Applications requiring more than five starts an hour should
selection falls on a dividing line, always select the next largest always be referred to Renold.
size and use reduced oil fill.
NOTE: Hydraulic couplings will not compensate for an under-
Hydrastart couplings can be used for up to five equi-spaced sized electric motor.
starts per hour.

!
It is the responsibility of the system designer

WARNING
Rotating equipment must be provided with
a suitable guard before operating or injury
may result.
!
WARNING
to ensure that the application of the coupling
does not endanger the other constituent
components in the system. Service factors
given are an initial selection guide.

Hydrastart Couplings
Page 13

Coupling Rating Tables

Maximum rating table

Coupling Motor speed / kW


LL
ref 750 1000 1200 1500 1800
HS2 0.13 0.37 0.56 1.1 1.7
HS4 0.56 1.34 2.4 4.5 7.4
HS6 1.7 4.0 7.5 15 24 D
HS8 5.5 13 23 45 65
HS10 15 37 65 110 155
HS11 27 63 116 200 273
Motor shaft details
HS12 54 125 234 400 502
HS13 97 200 350 587 694
For selection requiring larger powers contact Renold.

Motor 750 rpm 1000 rpm 1500 rpm 3000 rpm


Frame Shaft details Power Hydrastart Power Hydrastart Power Hydrastart Power Hydrastart
Size D (mm) L (mm) kW HP Size kW HP Size kW HP Size kW HP Size
80 19 40 0.25 0.33 HS2
80 19 40 0.37 0.5 0.55 0.75 0.75 1
80 19 40 0.55 0.75 0.75 1 HS2 1.1 1.5
90S 24 50 0.75 1 HS4 1.1 1.5 1.5 2 HS2
90L 24 90 1.1 1.5 1.5 2 2.2 3
100L 28 60 0.75 1 1.5 2 2.2 3 HS4 3 4
100L 28 60 1.1 1.5 HS6 3 4
112M 28 60 1.5 2 2.2 3 HS6 4 5.5 4 5.5
132S 38 80 2.2 3 3 4 5.5 7.5 5.5 7.5
132S 38 80 7.5 10
132M 38 80 3 4 HS8 4 5.5 7.5 10 HS6 HS4
132M 38 80 5.5 7.5
160M 42 110 4 5.5 7.5 10 HS8 11 15 11 15
160M 42 110 5.5 7.5 15 20
160L 42 110 7.5 10 11 15 15 20 18.5 25
180M 48 110 18.5 25 22 30
180L 48 110 11 15 15 20 22 30
200L 65 110 15 20 18.5 25 30 40 HS8 30 40 HS6
200L 55 110 22 30 HS10 37 50
225S 60 140 18.5 25 HS10 37 50
225M 65 110 45 60
225M 60 140 22 30 30 40 45 60
250S 60 140 55 75
250S 70 140 30 40 37 50 55 75 HS8
250M 60 140 HS10 75 100
250M 70 140 37 50 HS12 45 60 HS11 75 100
280S 65 140 90 125
280S 80 170 45 60 55 75 90 125
280M 65 140 110 150
280M 80 170 55 75 75 100 110 150
315S 85 170 75 100 90 125 HS12 132 175 HS11
315M 85 170 90 125 HS13 110 150 150 200
315L 85 170 132 175 185 250
315L 85 170 150 200 HS13 200 270
315L 85 170 225 300
355S 100 210 185 250 250 335 HS12
355S 100 210 200 270 280 375
355M 100 210 315 420
355L 100 210 355 475
355L 100 210 375 503
355L 100 210 400 536

www.renold.com
Page 14

Standard Available Options

Non delay fill Description Delay fill

Basic coupling
Sleeve bored to suit motor shaft and incorporating
Pinflex output coupling. Capable of accepting some
misalignment. Flexible buffers can be replaced in
situ.

Page 66
Type: HS..PF Type: HS..RPF

Brake drum options


Basic Pinflex coupling with the addition of a brake
drum, metric or inch sizes.

Page 67
Type: HS..B Type: HS..RB

Brake disc options


Basic Pinflex coupling with the addition of a brake
disc, metric or inch sizes.

Page 67
Type: HS..K Type: HS..RK

Basic coupling incorporating two Flexible


Gear half couplings
Capable of accepting some misalignment and
allowing removal of HydraStart coupling without
displacing either motor or driven shaft. Brake drum
or disc options available.

Page 68
Type: HS..GF Type: HS..RGF

Vee Pulley Mounting


Sleeve bored to suit motor shaft. Pulley is attached
using external bolts and may easily be replaced.

Page 69
Type: HS..VP Type: HS..RVP

Type HSPF, HSB, HSK and HSVP may be used for vertical applications. Please contact Renold for details.

Hydrastart Couplings
Page 15

Overload Protection

32
16
2
L1
8 L
41.0

50.8
28
18.5
110
144

When a hydraulic coupling experiences overload there is a HydraStart thermal trigger


correspondingly high slip value accompanied by a rise in the oil
temperature. To prevent damage to the drive there are three Size A L L1
options available. HS6 345 93.7 21.5
HS8 422 123.2 20.0
1. Fusible plug
HS10 511 146.1 16.0
This is fitted as standard on all HydraStart couplings sizes 4 and HS11 580 144.5 10.5
above. The standard plug is set to fuse at 138°C. Another option
HS12 669 173.3 10.5
available allows fusing at 183°C. Because oil is discharged when
the plug fuses it is advisable to correctly guard couplings using
this type of device. Operating principles

2. Thermal trigger This device will trigger the limit switch if the oil temperature
reaches a predetermined level without loss of oil from the
Fitted as an option on HydraStart couplings sizes 6 and above, coupling. Thermal trigger plug 117°C alternatively 138°C.
this device prevents oil being discharged from the coupling at
overload. As with the fusible plug, two melt temperatures are Electrical characteristics
offered. When melt point is reached a pin is released which
engages with a limit switch. The signal from this switch can 2-Pole 1N/C + 1N/O, conforms to IEC 529 IP 66, contact type
operate an alarm or switch off the electric motor to protect the XCK rating 500V AC-15
drive. After the cause of the overload has been removed the 3-20mm ISO Cable Entries.
drive can be restarted after replacing the thermal trigger.

3. Non-contact sensor
Non-contact speed and heat sensors can be supplied which shut
down the drive in the event of overload. Please contact Renold
for more information.

www.renold.com
Page 16

Hydrastart Pinflex Coupling – Dimensions (mm)

L Li
C B C Bi
F F

H
H

Di G D A Di G D A

J J

HS..PF HS..RPF
Standard type Delay fill type
Size 2-13 E Size 8-13

Size A B Bi C D Di E F G* H J L Li Pinflex Weight WR2


Max Max Cplg kgs kgm2
Size

0.625"
HS2 229 90 - 44 29 50 13 4 80 11 UNC 8 146 - 1 6.7 0.02

0.625"
HS4 286 107 - 44 42 50 13 4 95 11 UNC 7 162 - 1 10.9 0.06

0.75"
HS6 345 130 - 50 52 55 16 5 114 10 UNC 10 195 - 2 20.8 0.16

1.00" 41.2 0.46


HS8 422 161 238 75 75 80 20 6 137 8 UNC 19 261 338 4 43.9 0.49
1.00" 65.2 1.05
HS10 511 191 268 89 85 110 20 6 178 8 UNC 25 311 388 5 69.7 1.11

1.00" 107.4 2.17


HS11 580 205 296 110 102 130 20 7 195 8 UNC 25 347 438 6 113.6 2.26

1.25" 131.7 3.67


HS12 669 231 339 110 115 130 23 7 211 7 UNC 25 374 482 6 138.9 3.78

1.25" 199 6.80


HS13 751 292 402 130 127 150 23 7 267 7 UNC 25 454 564 7 207 7.07

Figures in blue type relate to delay fill coupling only (sizes 8 and above).
* It may be necessary to use a spacer (not supplied by Renold) if shaft length is less than dimension ‘G’.
Note: Centre screw fixing bolt not supplied by Renold.
All bore and keyways comply to British Standard as shown on page 14.

Hydrastart Couplings
Page 17

Hydrastart Pinflex Coupling – With Brake Attachment

Output Input Output Input

Hydrastart Pinflex Coupling and brake drum

Output Input Output Input

Hydrastart Pinflex Coupling and brake disc

Input Output Input Output

Hydrastart Pinflex/Rigid Coupling and brake drum/disc

www.renold.com
Page 18

Hydrastart Gearflex Coupling – Dimensions (mm)

C� B� �
C C Bi C

�K �K
F F
F� �F


D �D �A D D A

G
� G
� G G

HS..GF HS..RGF
Standard type Delay fill type
E Ei
Size 2-13 Dist between
� shaft ends Size 8-13 Distance between shaft ends
���������������������������

Size A B Bi C D E Ei F G K Gearflex Weight WR2


Max Cplg kgs kgm2
Size

HS2 229 128 45 44 132 2 43 19 1 7.80 0.03


HS4 286 145 45 44 148 2 43 19 1 12.10 0.06
HS6 345 168 51 58 171 2 49 19 1.5 19.60 0.15
44.20 0.49
HS8 422 223 300 64 76 226 306 2 62 29 2 47.00 0.51
69.00 1.12
HS10 511 252 329 94 110 257 335 3 91 29 3 73.50 1.18
100.70 2.13
HS11 580 267 358 94 110 272 363 3 91 29 3 106.80 2.22
130.30 3.69
HS12 669 297 405 110 120 303 408 3 106 31 3.5 137.50 3.81
HS13 Details on request

Figures in blue type relate to delay fill coupling only (sizes 8 and above).
WR2 value does not include gear coupling halves.
All bore and keyways comply to British Standard as shown on page 14.

Hydrastart Couplings
Page 19

Hydrastart Pulley – Dimensions (mm)

B Bi
C C M
E

�H
H
A �G D
A G D

HS..VP HS..RVP
Standard type Delay fill type
Size 2-12 Size 8-12

Size A B Bi C D E G* H M Weight WR2 Hydrastart Groove Max no PCD


max kgs kgm2 size profile grooves min

HS2VP SPZ 3 106


0.625" SPA 2 110
HS2 229 141 90 27 13 123 11 UNC 51 4.40 0.02 SPB 1 116

HS4VP SPZ 5 140


0.625" SPA 4 144
HS4 286 173 107 38 13 154 11 UNC 66 9.30 0.05 SPB 3 150

HS6VP SPZ 6 162


SPA 5 166
0.75" SPB 4 172
HS6 345 220 130 49 16 195 10 UNC 90 15.89 0.13 SPC 3 182

HS8VP SPZ 11 188


SPA 9 192
1.00" 41.40 0.45 SPB 7 198
HS8 422 310 387 161 75 20 267 8 UNC 149 44.10 0.48 SPC 5 208

HS10VP SPZ 13 245


SPA 10 250
1.00" 66.70 1.06 SPB 8 255
HS10 511 357 434 191 80 20 319 8 UNC 166 71.20 1.12 SPC 6 265

HS11VP SPZ 17 285


SPA 13 289
1.00" 104.10 2.12 SPB 10 295
HS11 580 418 509 205 95 20 382 8 UNC 213 110.30 2.21 SPC 8 305

HS12VP SPZ 17 330


SPA 13 334
1.25" 1 37.20 3.71 SPB 10 340
HS12 669 448 556 231 110 23 403 7 UNC 217 144.40 3.83 SPC 8 350

Figures in blue type relate to delay fill coupling only (sizes 8 and above). Note: Centre screw fixing bolt not supplied by Renold.
*It may be necessary to use a spacer (not supplied by Renold) if the shaft length is All bore and keyways comply to British Standard as shown on page 14.
WR2 value does not include the pulley.
Pulley details shown are limitations. For alternative options contact Renold.

www.renold.com
Page 20

Hydrastart Drop-in

L
HS-RF C E C
Standard type
Size 2-13

HS-RRF
Dely fill type
Size 8-13

D1

D
B

Hydrastart Renoldflex A B C D D1 E L Interchanges with


Size Size (Max) (DBSE) Fluid Drive FCU range
HS2 RF88 45 62.5 45 279 88.3 159 249 FCU 7
HS4 RF88 45 62.5 45 286 88.3 165 255 FCU 8
HS4.5 RF88 45 62.5 45 286 88.3 194 284 FCU 9.25
HS6 RF116 60 82 55 345 116.5 210 320 FCU 10.5
HS6.5 RF116 60 82 55 345 116.5 232 342 FCU 11.5
HS8 RF166 90 118 75 422 166.5 262 412 FCU 12.75
HS8.5 RF166 90 118 75 422 166.5 287 437 FCU 14.5
HS10 RF166 90 118 75 511 166.5 335 485 FCU 16.25
HS10.5 RF166 90 118 75 511 166.5 354 504 FCU 17.75
HS11 RF198 100 141 90 580 198.5 390 570 FCU 20
HS12 RF238 120 169 125 669 238 457 707 FCU 23
HS13 RF238 120 169 125 751 238 492 742 FCU 26

Hydrastart Renoldflex Fluid Coupling

• Directly Interchangeable with competitors’ ranges.


• Can be designed with “drop in” dimensions, no costly
re-engineering needed.
• Design allows for Hydrastart section to be easily “dropped
out” for maintenance.
• Short lead time to manufacture unit.
• Renoldflex maintenance free all steel membrane coupling.
• Variable distance between shaft ends (DBSE) dim E to suit
application. Consult Renold.
• Delay fill (twin chamber) type HS..RRF also available on
sizes 8 to 13. Consult Renold.

Hydrastart Couplings
The best range of solution chain products available anywhere

• High performance • Maintenance free


• Superior wear life • Self-lubricating chain
• Outstanding fatigue resistance • Food industry-approved lubricant

Hydro-Service™
• Superior corrosion resistant coating
• Best premium chain
• Alternative choice to stainless
• Leading performance steel chain
• Solid bush / solid roller / • Will not chip or peel
end softened pin
• Hexavalent chrome-free

Steel Pin Leaf Chain


Bush Roller Chain • Comprehensive ranges used worldwide
• Manufactured to international stds for safety critical lifting applications
• Full range of pitch alternatives • 100 years experience in developing and
• Breaking loads 13 to 900 kN as std maintaining lifting chain
• Attachments to suit varied applications

Steel Knuckle Chain


• Heavy duty, detachable elevator
Roll-Ring™
chains • Revolutionary chain tensioner
• Integral K type attachments • Installed in seconds and
• Breaking loads from 642kN self adjusting
to 1724kN • Maintenance free
• Sealed joint to extend chain life • Also acts as noise damper

Customised Smartlink™
Engineering Chain
• Load monitoring technology
• Wide range to suit specialised
• Technical reports & data logging
applications using high specification
materials and treatment processes
• Designed in close collaboration
with customer

www.renold.com
UK
Renold Clutches & Couplings
Cardiff
Tel + 44 (0) 29 20792737
Fax + 44 (0) 29 20791360
couplings@cc.renold.com

Renold Hi-Tec Couplings


Halifax
Tel + 44 (0) 1422 255000
Fax + 44 (0) 1422 320273
couplings@hi-tec.renold.com

Renold Gears
Milnrow
Tel + 44 (0) 1706 751000
Fax + 44 (0) 1706 751001
gears.sales@renold.com

USA
Renold Ajax
Westfield, New York State
Tel +1 716 326 3121
Fax + 1 716 326 8229
ainfo@renoldajax.com

WEB
www.renold.com

E-MAIL
enquiry@renold.com

For you nearest Renold dedicated


specialist or distributor please visit the
Renold website - www.renold.com or
contact Renold UK

Whilst all reasonable care in compiling


the information contained in this brochure
is taken, no responsibility is accepted for
printing errors. All information contained
in this brochure is subject to change after
the date of publication.
REV03 04/13

www.renold.com