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Module: Communication

M1 Microbiology
2018/ 2019
Dr. S. GUEDIOURA

Internship report:
What’s an internship?

An internship is a period of work experience
offred by an organization for a limited period of
time , it is an opportunity that employers offer to
students interested in gaining work experience in
particular industries.

After this expeience, students have to write an


internship report.
Before writing your
report:

Try to answer the following questions:

What have you learnt?


What have you given to the company?
Have you reached your goals?
Have you manage your time?
Would you work for a similar company?
General structure for an
internship report:

Cover page.
Acknowlegements.
Table of contents.
Introduction.
 the development.
The conclusion.
References.
Cover page:

Cover page:
The

coverage must be attractive by its visual
appearance and the elements that comprise it. It
must contain the following items:
 your name and first name
 the mention “Internship Report”
 the title of the course or the title of the post
 the complete period
 the name and address of the company
 the name and address of your school or university
 the name of your master of internship
Acknowlegments:

Acknowlegments:

This part allows you to send your thanks to
the people who have contributed to the
success of your mission.

Cited will be generally be the master of


internship, the staff of the company as well as
the tutor of the internship.
Acknowlegments:

Specify for each the name, extension, or the
function occupied as well as the reason, the
thanks expressed.

One can thus express its gratitude for the


welcome, the time spent, the confidence, the
explanations, the encouragement, patience,
listening, etc
Table of contents
(summary):

Table of contents
(summary):

From the outset, the reading of the summary
should give a complete and accurate picture
of your work; it will therefore consider all
major parties as well as the chapters of your
book.

Watch out when selecting titles, they must be


explicit and precise.
Table of contents
(summary):

Use a hierarchical numbering and specify the
corresponding page numbers.

More detailed than the summary, the table of


contents includes in addition all the
subdivisions of this report.
The introduction:

The introduction must reveal to the reader the
purpose of your course, get him to know the
subject, the context, the objectives and the
problematic.

 Talk about the company, about the importance


of the subject, of your choice, indicate your
approach methodology and complete by the
major lines of your upcoming development.
The development:
First,

the host company, introduce and talk
about its history, its sector of activity, key data,
the location, competition, internal and external
organization (placed in a group etc. ), the
results, etc.

Also give a descriptive of the department /


service in which you are performing the
internship that is specific enough
The development:

Second, your mission , please detail the subject
of the course, the means available, the
recommended methods, the duration imposed,
the steps to follow, the objectives to be
achieved, etc.

Specify with which actors of the business you


are in relationship to this mission, from the
functional and hierarchical point of view.
The development:

Describe the set of tasks performed for the
achievement of your mission by insisting on the
major facts, the difficulties and the issues
encountered.

Finally in third, your professional project:

First of all, discuss the the inputs (or absences)


of your theoretical training and practical
responses to this professional experience.
The development:

Then, drag the balance of inputs on the
professional plan. Explain specifically the
importance of the course in term of experience,
know-how and skills.
The development:

For example, you can explain how during this
training period you have gained thorough
knowledge of a business, developed new skills,
faced difficult stressful situations, integrated an
existing team, worked on several ones, taken
initiatives, assumed your autonomy,
manifested rigor, involvement and
professionalism, acquired pro knowledge of a
sector of activity, etc.
The development:

Finally, from a personal point of view, explain
by example what you liked and why, the
importance of this experience for your future
orientation, your vision of the company and of
the work, etc
The conclusion:

Remember the reader about the main subject,
the problematic and the results obtained.
Then justify the top 3 inputs on a personal
and professional level and finish by opening
on new perspectives for your professional
future.
References:

Dissertation:
What’s a dissertation?

A disseration or final year project, is a long


essay on a particular subject especially one
written for a university degree or diploma.
What are the parts of
dissertation?

Chapter1: the problem and its background.
Chapter2: review of related literature.
Chapter3: method and procedures.
Chapter4: presentation, analysis and
interpretation of data.
Chapter5: summary, conclusions and
recommendations.
Others.
Chapter1: the problem and
its background

Background of the study, includes purpose
and resason behind the conduct of the study.

What made you conduct the study: also


serves as the introduction.

Statement of the problem: the main problem


that the research is trying to solve.
Chapter1: the problem and
its background

It follows the formulation of the title and
should be faithful to it.

It specifially points the important questions


that the study needs to answer.

It also serves as the bases of the


questionnaire.
Chapter1: the problem and
its background

Significance of the study (why conduct the
study?) you have to identify who will benifit
from the research and how they will be
benefitted.

Assumptions of the study, the expected


outcome of the research.
Chapter1: the problem and
its background

Scope the limitations of the study (determine the
coverage of the study and all the things that it
will not cover in order to be specific).

Definition of terms: define technical terms based


on how they are used in the study, specifically in
the title.
Chapter 2: review of
related literature

This is where you will use your note cards and
will serve as the foundation of your reasech.

This is your own work and therefore should not


directly lift words from other sources. This will
require you command of language and writing
skills such as summarizing, paraphrasing and
writing indirect speech.
Chapter2: review of related
literature

Step1: organize your note cards on how you would
want them to appear in the chapter.

Step2: begin writing the chapter while including


the surnames of authors who provided sources for
study and the publication date of their work in
parentheses.

Step3: edit, rewrite.


Chapter3: method and
procedures

Method of research: the kind of research used
for your study. This answer why the method
used is appropriate for the study.

Subjects of the study: describe your


respondents: who they are, what their profile
is, where they are from.
Chapter3: method and
procedures
Description of

research instrument: describe
your instrument.

Data gathering procedure: narrate the process


undergone by the study that eventually leads to
the findings.

Statistical treatement applied: the statistical


treatement that you will use which includes
your sampling method.
Chapter4: presentation, analysis and
interpretation of data

Results of the study: present all the data
gathered using the questionnaire by
tabulating all the gathered information.
An interpretation of each presented data
should follow. These will serve as the bases
of your summary of findings.
Chapter5: summay, conclusions and
recommendations
Summary of

findings: summarize the
interpretation of data given in chapter4: it should
directly answer your statement of the poblem.

Conclusion: out of your findings, your conclusions


are based. This provides the answers for every
statement of the problem: prove your hypotheses
and assumptions.
Chapter5: summay, conclusions and
recommendations

Recommendations: should be directly based on the
significance of the study. This also includes the
recommended actions that should be done after
the conduct of the study such as further
assessment of the subject, focus on other
factors;….etc.
Others:

Title page:

Consists of the research title, names of the


researchers and the name of teacher and
supervisor.
Date of completion.
Others:

acknowledgements:

A personal page where the researchers are


given the privilege to extend gratitude to all
people who helped in accomplishing the
research.
Others:

Abstract:
An abstract presents a brief summary of your
research.
The aim of the abstract is to briefly provide
the reader with the most important
infomation from the entire text.
Others:

Table of contents:

Contains the accurate paging of each part of


the research paper.
Others:

List of tables/ Figures:

Contains the accurate paging of the


tables/figures used in the study.
Others:

List of tables/ Figures:

Contains the accurate paging of the


tables/figures used in the study.
Others:

Bibliography:

Presents the sources using the formal format.


What are the common problems
faced by students?

Poor planning.
Methodological difficulties.
Writing.
Personal problems.
supervision.
END

Thank you for your attention