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Provinces of France
The Kingdom of France was organized into provinces until March 4, 1790, when the establishment of the department (French: département)
system superseded provinces. The provinces of France were roughly equivalent to the historic counties of England. They came into their final form
over the course of many hundreds of years, as many dozens of semi-independent fiefs and former independent countries came to be incorporated
into the French royal domain. Because of the haphazard manner in which the provinces evolved, each had its own sets of feudal traditions, laws,
taxation systems, courts, etc., and the system represented an impediment to effective administration of the entire country from Paris. During the
early years of the French Revolution, in an attempt to centralize the administration of the whole country, and to remove the influence of the French
nobility over the country, the entirety of the province system was abolished and replaced by the system of departments in use today.

In some cases, several modern regions or departments share names with the historic provinces, and their borders may cover roughly the same

List of former provinces of France
The list below shows the major provinces of France at the time of their dissolution during the French Revolution. Capital cities are shown in
parentheses. Bold indicates a city that was also the seat of a judicial and quasi-legislative body called either a parlement (not to be confused with a
parliament) or a conseil souverain (sovereign council). In some cases, this body met in a different city from the capital.

1. Île-de-France (Paris)
2. Berry (Bourges)
3. Orléanais (Orléans)
4. Normandy (Rouen)
5. Languedoc (Toulouse)
6. Lyonnais (Lyon)
7. Dauphiné (Grenoble)
8. Champagne (Troyes)
9. Aunis (La Rochelle)
10. Saintonge (Saintes)
11. Poitou (Poitiers)
12. Guyenne and Gascony (Bordeaux)
13. Burgundy (Dijon)
14. Picardy (Amiens)
15. Anjou (Angers)
16. Provence (Aix-en-Provence)
17. Angoumois (Angoulême)
18. Bourbonnais (Moulins)
19. Marche (Guéret)
20. Brittany (Rennes)
21. Maine (Le Mans)
22. Touraine (Tours)
23. Limousin (Limoges)
24. Foix (Foix)
25. Auvergne (Clermont-Ferrand)
26. Béarn (Pau)
27. Alsace (Strasbourg, conseils souverains in Colmar)
28. Artois (Arras) Provinces of France in 1789 relative to the modern borders of France
29. Roussillon (Perpignan) Note: The Comtat Venaissin (annexed 1791), Mulhouse (annexed 1798),
30. Flanders and Hainaut (Lille, conseils souverains in Montbéliard (annexed 1816), Savoy and Nice (annexed 1860), and small portions of
Douai) other provinces were not part of the Kingdom of France.
31. Franche-Comté (Besançon)
32. Lorraine (Nancy); Trois-Évêchés (Three Bishoprics
within Lorraine): Metz, Toul and Verdun
33. Corsica (Ajaccio, conseils souverains in Bastia)
34. Nivernais (Nevers)
Areas that were not part of the Kingdom of France, though they are currently parts of Metropolitan France:

35. Comtat Venaissin, a Papal fief (Avignon)

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36. Imperial Free City of Mulhouse
37. Savoy (Chambéry), a Sardinian fief
38. Nice (Nice), a Sardinian fief
39. Montbéliard (Montbéliard), a fief of Württemberg

Partial display of historical provincial arms:

Map showing former provinces (in

colours), with modern department
boundaries in black

Alençon 15. Anjou 28. Artois 2. Berry 13. Burgundy 20. Brittany 8.Champagne 7. Dauphiné 24. Foix

12. Gascony Gévaudan 32. Lorraine 21. Maine 19. Marche 4. Normandy 37. Savoy 22. Touraine Valois

See also
Ancien Régime in France
Gallery of French coats of arms
Coat of arms

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This page was last edited on 1 September 2018, at 11:42 (UTC).

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