Вы находитесь на странице: 1из 31
Open vRAN Ecosystem Overview and Current Activities Bob Everson – Global Director, Mobility and 5G

Open vRAN Ecosystem

Overview and Current Activities

Bob Everson – Global Director, Mobility and 5G Steve Mailey – Consulting Systems Engineer Nic Martinez – Consulting Systems Engineer

20-Sept-2018

Agenda

Agenda
1
1

Why Open vRAN?

2
2

What is the Open vRAN Ecosystem?

3
3

Introduction to RAN and vRAN Architectures

4
4

Demos and Production Ready Systems

5
5

Wrap-up, Q&A

Software is Eating the World

Software is Eating the World © 2017 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Cisco Confidential

© 2017 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.

Cisco Confidential

Software is Eating the World © 2017 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Cisco Confidential
Software is Eating the World © 2017 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Cisco Confidential

The Modern CSP has a Software Personality

Disaggregation simplifies scaling of h/w and s/w instances

Rapidly deploy new capabilities and services

Infrastructure and location agnostic

Easier to stich together complex service chains

Simpler to standardize ops tooling

© 2017 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.

Cisco Confidential

L4-7 Services

Edge Access RAN
Edge Access
RAN

Mobile Core

Transport

Data Center

Software Defined Mobile Network From:

To:

Monolithic, Proprietary Systems

Closed interfaces, limited options

Network defined (and constrained) by RAN

© 2017 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.

Cisco Confidential

its affiliates. All rights reserved. Cisco Confidential Flexible, Agile Software- Based Solutions Open, modular
its affiliates. All rights reserved. Cisco Confidential Flexible, Agile Software- Based Solutions Open, modular
its affiliates. All rights reserved. Cisco Confidential Flexible, Agile Software- Based Solutions Open, modular

Flexible, Agile Software- Based Solutions

Open, modular solutions

Network defined by the services, and desired operational model

Ecosystem Overview

Open vRAN Ecosystem Overview

Accelerate the viability and adoption of open virtualized RAN (vRAN) solutions and ensure their extension into a broader software- defined network architecture

© 2017 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.

Cisco Confidential

Technology Economics Operations Consumption
Technology
Economics
Operations
Consumption

Open vRAN Ecosystem Overview

Current Vendor Members
Current Vendor Members

© 2017 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.

Cisco Confidential

RU

vRAN S/W

NFVI / Compute

Mobile Core

Transport

Automation

Services

Why Open vRAN End-to-End Solution?

Use Cases Open • Densification • Modular solutions • Reach • Cloud infrastructure flexibility •
Use Cases
Open
• Densification
• Modular solutions
• Reach
• Cloud infrastructure
flexibility
• Small Cell
• 5GNR
• IP transport
• Private Mobile Networks
Multi-vendor
Synergies
• Leading innovators
• Better end-to end
• Ecosystem = Choice
and Scale
• Network Slicing
• MEC
• Automation /
Orchestration
Ready to Deploy
• Pre-validated
Flexible
• Pre-integrated
Net Benefits
• New and existing
environments
• Flexible architecture
• Adapts to business req’ts
• Agile service delivery environment
© 2017 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.
Cisco Confidential
• Lower TCO

RAN and vRAN Architecture Overview

Traditional Distributed RAN Architecture

MME SGW Agg/Core PGW Internet, Enterprise, etc
MME
SGW
Agg/Core
PGW
Internet,
Enterprise,
etc
RRH /RU BBU eNB
RRH
/RU
BBU
eNB
Backhaul
Backhaul

RRH = Remote Radio Head

RU

BBU = Baseband Unit eNB = Evolved Node B (LTE)

= Radio Unit

© 2017 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.

Cisco Confidential

Transition to C-RAN Architecture

MME CPRI SGW Backhaul Agg/Core BBU Fronthaul RRH /RU PGW BBU Internet, Enterprise, etc eNodeB
MME
CPRI
SGW
Backhaul
Agg/Core
BBU
Fronthaul
RRH
/RU
PGW
BBU
Internet,
Enterprise,
etc
eNodeB

© 2017 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.

Cisco Confidential

Centralized RAN Architecture

Remote BBU - typically proprietary closed platform

CPRI Backhaul BBU Fronthaul RRH /RU
CPRI
Backhaul
BBU
Fronthaul
RRH
/RU

CPRI (Common Public Radio Interface) Fiber Fronthaul:

Constant Bit Rate – transmits even when no user traffic, no multiplexing Highly inefficient – scales with number of antennas, not data rate i.e. 150Mbps data = ~2.5Gbps CPRI traffic Requires very low latency – 200µs Optical transport; RAN vendor proprietary format

MME SGW Agg/Core PGW Internet, Enterprise, etc
MME
SGW
Agg/Core
PGW
Internet,
Enterprise,
etc

© 2017 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.

Cisco Confidential

Virtualized/Cloud RAN Architecture

MME SGW Agg/Core PGW Internet, Enterprise, etc
MME
SGW
Agg/Core
PGW
Internet,
Enterprise,
etc
Fronthaul vBBU Options RRH /RU
Fronthaul
vBBU
Options
RRH
/RU
Enterprise, etc Fronthaul vBBU Options RRH /RU Backhaul Virtualized Baseband – typically clusters running
Backhaul
Backhaul

Virtualized Baseband – typically clusters running on COTS H/W

Fronthaul - CPRI or eCRPI (enhanced CPRI, moving to more open splits – i.e. xRAN/ORAN

© 2017 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.

Cisco Confidential

Transition to Split Architecture

MME SGW Agg/Core PGW Internet, Enterprise, etc
MME
SGW
Agg/Core
PGW
Internet,
Enterprise,
etc
Fronthaul vBBU RRH /RU DU CU Front-haul Midhaul
Fronthaul
vBBU
RRH
/RU
DU
CU
Front-haul
Midhaul
Backhaul
Backhaul
vBBU RRH /RU DU CU Front-haul Midhaul Backhaul Further disaggregate vBBU real- time and non-real-time

Further disaggregate vBBU real- time and non-real-time functions into DU – Distributed Unit and CU – Centralized Unit

© 2017 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.

Cisco Confidential

Split vRAN Architecture

MME SGW Agg/Core PGW Internet, Enterprise, etc
MME
SGW
Agg/Core
PGW
Internet,
Enterprise,
etc
MME SGW Agg/Core PGW Internet, Enterprise, etc Front- DU CU Midhaul RRH haul /RU Fronthaul and
Front- DU CU Midhaul RRH haul /RU
Front- DU
CU
Midhaul
RRH
haul
/RU

Fronthaul and Midhaul splits discussed more later. One key goal is driving away from vendor proprietary solutions, towards open IP/Ethernet based technologies.

© Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.

Backhaul
Backhaul

Split vRAN Architecture, cont.

Split vRAN Architecture, cont. DU RRH Front- DU CU Midhaul haul RRH DU RRH MME SGW
DU RRH Front- DU CU Midhaul haul RRH DU RRH
DU
RRH
Front- DU
CU
Midhaul
haul
RRH
DU
RRH
cont. DU RRH Front- DU CU Midhaul haul RRH DU RRH MME SGW Agg/Core PGW Internet,
cont. DU RRH Front- DU CU Midhaul haul RRH DU RRH MME SGW Agg/Core PGW Internet,
MME SGW Agg/Core PGW Internet, Enterprise, etc
MME
SGW
Agg/Core
PGW
Internet,
Enterprise,
etc
Backhaul
Backhaul

Split architecture flexibility:

Each CU can support multiple DU’s Each DU can support multiple RRH’s

© 2017 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.

Cisco Confidential

Further Control Plane Split

MME Front- SGW Agg/Core DU Midhaul Backhaul RRH haul /RU PGW Some operators looking to
MME
Front-
SGW
Agg/Core
DU
Midhaul
Backhaul
RRH
haul
/RU
PGW
Some operators looking to split RAN control
plane and user plane to allow them to scale
independently and architect their network in
more granular manner
Internet,
Enterprise,
etc
CU-UP
CU-CP

© 2017 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.

Cisco Confidential

Split Architecture – Where to Split?

MME SGW Agg/Core PGW Internet, Enterprise, etc
MME
SGW
Agg/Core
PGW
Internet,
Enterprise,
etc
Front- DU CU Midhaul Backhaul haul RRH/RURRH/RU
Front- DU
CU
Midhaul
Backhaul
haul
RRH/RURRH/RU

RAN protocol stack splits are not clear cut…how to determine what goes where?

© 2017 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.

Cisco Confidential

There are a lot of Split Options

We’ll focus on 2 Initially

There are a lot of Split Options We’ll focus on 2 Initially CPRI Fronthaul/ Lower Layer

CPRI

Fronthaul/ Lower Layer Split

Midhaul/ Higher Layer Split

Low High Low High Low High RF PDCP RRC PHY PHY MAC MAC RLC RLC
Low
High
Low
High
Low
High
RF
PDCP
RRC
PHY
PHY
MAC
MAC
RLC
RLC
Data

Option 8

Option 7

Option 6

Option 5

Option 4

Option 3

Option 2

Option 1

Greater bandwidth requirements Higher Latency sensitivity

1 Greater bandwidth requirements Higher Latency sensitivity Increased radio co-ordination Cisco Confidential © 2017
1 Greater bandwidth requirements Higher Latency sensitivity Increased radio co-ordination Cisco Confidential © 2017

Increased radio co-ordination

Cisco Confidential
Cisco Confidential

© 2017 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.

Split Architecture – Where to Split?

MME SGW Agg/Core PGW Internet, Enterprise, etc
MME
SGW
Agg/Core
PGW
Internet,
Enterprise,
etc

Option 7-2x

Option 2

Enterprise, etc Option 7-2x O p t i o n 2 Front- DU CU Midhaul Backhaul
Front- DU CU Midhaul Backhaul RRH haul /RU
Front- DU
CU
Midhaul
Backhaul
RRH
haul
/RU

General thinking is option 7-2x for DU-RU, option 2 for CU-DU. Can vary based on deployment model, service types i.e. Fixed Wireless could do option 2 split to RU with integrated DU, etc. More work to come here + deeper dive presentation on splits coming soon

© 2017 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.

Cisco Confidential

UPF CU DU RU MEC
UPF
CU
DU
RU
MEC

Open vRAN Ecosystem

Flexible Architecture Options

RU MEC Open vRAN Ecosystem Flexible Architecture Options HLS Option 2 UPF CU DU Packet MIdhaul
HLS Option 2 UPF CU DU Packet MIdhaul RU MEC
HLS
Option 2
UPF
CU
DU
Packet
MIdhaul
RU
MEC
NGC Agg/Core Backhaul HLS LLS (7-2x) RU Option 2 EPC UPF CU DU Packet RU
NGC
Agg/Core
Backhaul
HLS
LLS (7-2x)
RU
Option 2
EPC
UPF
CU
DU
Packet
RU
Midhaul
MEC
Fronthaul
RU
CU-CP
CU-UP
UPF
DU
Packet
Midhaul
RU
MEC
Automation and Orchestration Security, Management, and Support © 2017 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights
Automation and Orchestration Security, Management, and Support © 2017 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights
Automation and Orchestration Security, Management, and Support © 2017 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights

Automation and Orchestration

Security, Management, and Support

© 2017 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.

Cisco Confidential

Open vRAN Demos

Pre-5G: Let’s Deploy Now 5G: It’s Real

Pre-5G Open vRAN End-to-End Solution

E2E Converged Multi-vendor Pre-5G ‘Network-in-a-box’

Pre-certified

Pre-integrated

Ready to deploy

Efficiently Delivering High-Quality Video

CUPS-enabled MEC App Edge Cache

Network Slicing Differentiated Services

Altiostar vCU Qwilt Altiostar RU / DU Midhaul Edge Backhaul Cisco Option 2 Cache UPF
Altiostar
vCU
Qwilt
Altiostar
RU / DU
Midhaul
Edge
Backhaul
Cisco
Option 2
Cache
UPF
Cisco NFVI

© 2017 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.

Cisco Confidential

its affiliates. All rights reserved. Cisco Confidential Cisco NSO / ESC Cisco IMS EPC Agg/Core Cisco

Cisco NSO / ESC

Cisco IMS EPC Agg/Core Cisco HSS CPS Cisco NFVI
Cisco
IMS
EPC
Agg/Core
Cisco
HSS
CPS
Cisco NFVI

Pre-5G Open vRAN End-to-End Solution: Flows

MWC Americas – Cisco Meeting Room Tech M Redmond Lab Edge Cisco NFVI Compute Altiostar
MWC Americas – Cisco Meeting Room
Tech M Redmond Lab
Edge
Cisco NFVI
Compute
Altiostar
RU / DU
Altiostar
Cisco
Internet
HSS
vCU
CPF
Regular
User
Cisco
Cisco
Cisco
UPF2
UPF1
PCRF
Qwilt
Qwilt
IMS
Edge
Cache
Cache
Premium
User
© 2017 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.
Cisco Confidential
Qwilt CP /
Video Origin

5G Open vRAN End-to-End PoC

E2E Multi-vendor 5G SA PoC

OTA 5G SA Data Call

Cloud-native 5G SA Core

5G SA Core Deployable on Any Platform

High-bandwidth OTA Video Streaming

CUPS-enabled MEC App Edge Cache

Automation Google Cloud Deployment

Edge Cache • Automation  Google Cloud Deployment Cisco Automation Orchestration Cisco Synamedia UPF
Edge Cache • Automation  Google Cloud Deployment Cisco Automation Orchestration Cisco Synamedia UPF
Edge Cache • Automation  Google Cloud Deployment Cisco Automation Orchestration Cisco Synamedia UPF
Cisco Automation Orchestration Cisco Synamedia UPF Backhaul Agg/Core Phazr gNB RU / DU / CU
Cisco
Automation
Orchestration
Cisco
Synamedia
UPF
Backhaul
Agg/Core
Phazr gNB
RU / DU / CU
Edge Cache
Cisco
5G SA Core
Cisco NFVI
Cloud Platform
Cisco Confidential

© 2017 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.

5G Open vRAN End-to-End PoC: Flows

MWC Americas – Cisco Meeting Room Cisco BXB Lab / GCP AUSF/UDM PATS Cisco Container
MWC Americas – Cisco Meeting Room
Cisco BXB Lab / GCP
AUSF/UDM
PATS
Cisco Container Platform
Edge
Compute
Phazr
Phazr
Internet
Prometheus
UE
gNB
/Grafana
AMF
PCF
UPF
NSSF
NRF
SMF
Edge
Pod Network
(Contiv VPP)
Cache
Tiller
Kubernetes
Docker

© 2017 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.

Cisco Confidential

Dev Hub Repo
Dev Hub
Repo

Helm Charts/

Docker images

Enabling New Services

Enabling New Services Connected Car / Network Slicing Smart City Augmented / Virtual RC Drones e.g.
Enabling New Services Connected Car / Network Slicing Smart City Augmented / Virtual RC Drones e.g.
Enabling New Services Connected Car / Network Slicing Smart City Augmented / Virtual RC Drones e.g.
Enabling New Services Connected Car / Network Slicing Smart City Augmented / Virtual RC Drones e.g.

Connected Car /

Network Slicing

Smart City

Augmented / Virtual

RC Drones

e.g. Public Sector Private Networks

Enablement

Reality Delivery

Vehicle updates, telematics, and infotainment

Warehouse logistics, automated delivery services

Police, fire, hospitals with strict SLAs and security

Smart-sensor enabled

Waste and recycling, parking, smart grid, homes

Augmented, virtual, and mixed reality for learning, gaming, 4K/8K

Enhanced Mobile Broadband 1000x BW, 10-100x End User Speed

Ultra Reliable Low Latency Communication ~1ms Latency

Massive Machine-type Communications 1000x Density

© 2017 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.

Cisco Confidential

Open vRAN Ecosystem – Wrap Up

Accelerating to a truly software-defined mobile networkOpen vRAN Ecosystem – Wrap Up Enabling open, flexible architectures Technology + Business + Operational +

Enabling open, flexible architecturesUp Accelerating to a truly software-defined mobile network Technology + Business + Operational + Consumption Real

Technology + Business + Operational + Consumptionmobile network Enabling open, flexible architectures Real solutions are possible now © 2017 Cisco and/or its

Real solutions are possible nowTechnology + Business + Operational + Consumption © 2017 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.

© 2017 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.

Cisco Confidential

Questions?

Questions? Contact us: openvraninterest@cisco.com

Contact us: openvraninterest@cisco.com

https://blogs.cisco.com/sp/open-vran-ecosystem-enabling-a-better-mobile-architecture

© 2017 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.

Cisco Confidential