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интересно по-английски

№9(81) September 2009


журнал для тех, кто любит английский язык

Cat Sayings
& Proverbs
Tecktonik
Dance
American
treats
you never knew about

10 Churches
Unusual

Why Do Single Women


Like Taken Men?
Londoners
recommendations

Heidi Klum:
Wonder (Bra) womans
September 2009 
EVERYTHIN
Программы English Club TV
Программы English Club TV
развивают:
развивают:
• навыки слухового восприятия,
• н•ачтения,
выки сл•ухразговорной
ового восприречи.ятия,

WITH E
• чтения, • разговорной
При просмотре программ речи.
При просмотре
задействуются программ
основные виды
задействуются
памяти: • слуховая,основные виды
• зрительная,
памяти: • слуховая, • зрительная,
• эмоциональная, • двигательная.
• эмоциональная, • двигательная.
Изучая английский язык с
Изучая English
английский язык
Club TV, Вы:с
English Club
• преодолеете языковой барьер, TV, Вы:
• • преодолеете языковой
расширите словарный запас,барьер,
• расширите словарный запас,
• сможете
• сможете
грамотно
грамотно
выражать
и свободно
и свободно
выражать свои мысли на
свои мысли на
TV
TV CHANNEL
CHANNEL
Смотрите телеканал English Club TV
Смотрите телеканал
по кабельному
по кабельному
English Club TV
и спутниковому
и спутниковому
английском языке. телевидению.
английском языке. телевидению.
(Sirius 4, позиция спутника - 4.8 Е )
Телеканал English Club TV - это новый,
Телеканал English Club TV - это новый, (Sirius 4, позиция спутника - 4.8 Е )
современный, круглосуточный канал
современный, круглосуточный
для тех, кто изучает и совершенствует канал
для тех, кто изучает ианглийский
совершенствуетязык.
английский язык.

english-club.tv
www.english-club.tv
Существует много способов изучения иностранных фильмы на английском языке. Главное, не будьте
Существует много способов изучения иностранных фильмы на английском языке. Главное, не будьте
языков, но есть среди них один, особенный - это пассивным зрителем! Подключайте логику, старайтесь
языков, но есть среди них один, особенный - это пассивным зрителем! Подключайте логику, старайтесь
погружение в языковую среду, когда все вокруг догадаться, о чем идет речь. Чтобы лучше запомнить
погружение в языковую среду, когда все вокруг догадаться, о чем идет речь. Чтобы лучше запомнить
говорят на английском, когда нет насилия над умом, английские слова, придумайте удобный для Вас
говорят на английском, когда нет насилия над умом, английские слова, придумайте удобный для Вас
над памятью, над личностью. А непринужденное логический способ запоминания, используйте
над памятью, над личностью. А непринужденное логический способ запоминания, используйте
изучение – залог успеха. Положительный опыт ассоциативное мышление.
изучение – залог успеха. Положительный опыт ассоциативное мышление.
зарубежных коллег говорит о большом интересе
зарубежных коллег говорит о большом интересе
зрительской аудитории к такому необычному способу English Club TV – отличное качество вещания на
зрительской аудитории к такому необычному способу English Club TV – отличное качество вещания на
изучения и совершенствования английского языка, как территории Украины, России, Беларуси, Молдовы и
изучения и совершенствования английского языка, как территории Украины, России, Беларуси, Молдовы и
телевидение. стран Балтии. Для подключения телеканала English
телевидение. стран Балтии. Для подключения телеканала English
Чтобы лучше понимать английскую речь на слух, Club TV обратитесь к Вашему кабельному оператору
Чтобы лучше понимать английскую речь на слух, Club TV обратитесь к Вашему кабельному оператору
тренируйтесь: старайтесь слушать песни, смотреть или установщикам спутниковых антенн.
тренируйтесь: старайтесь слушать песни, смотреть или установщикам спутниковых антенн.

www.
Преимущества телеканала English Club TV :
Преимущества телеканала English Club TV :
• изучение языка занимает минимум времени и материальных затрат !
• изучение языка занимает минимум времени и материальных затрат !
• программы предназначены для телезрителей с разным уровнем
• программы предназначены для телезрителей с разным уровнем
знания английского !
знания английского !
• English Club TV создает для телезрителей языковую среду !
• English Club TV создает для телезрителей языковую среду !
• ведущие и дикторы программ – носители английского языка !
• ведущие и дикторы программ – носители английского языка !
• программы English Club TV способствуют повышению культурного и
• программы English Club TV способствуют повышению культурного и
образовательного уровня телезрителей !
образовательного уровня телезрителей !
• с English Club TV изучение английского языка превращается в
• с English Club TV изучение английского языка превращается в
приятное занятие !
приятное занятие !

И
И ЕЩЕ!
ЕЩЕ! Комплекты English Club TV – это
ОБУЧАЮЩИЕ
ОБУЧАЮЩИЕ КОМПЛЕКТ
КОМПЛЕКТ
Комплекты
увлекательные English Club
и динамичные TV – это
программы
увлекательные и динамичные программы
на двух языках – русском и английском,
на двух языках – русском
c cубтитрами. Наиболее и английском,
интересные “Базовый” “Путешественник”
словаc иcубтитрами. Наиболее
фразы вынесены интересные
в мини-словарь. “Базовый” “Путешественник”
слова и фразы вынесены в мини-словарь.
Ведущие производят разбор наиболее
Ведущие
трудных производят фраз,
для восприятия разбор наиболее
устойчивых
трудных для восприятия фраз, устойчивых
словосочетаний и фразеологизмов.
словосочетаний
Программыи фразеологизмов.
English Club TV
Программы
предназначены для слушателей English Club TV
с разным
предназначены для слушателей с разным
уровнем владения английским языком: от
уровнем владения английским Ведущие
языком: от
начального
начального
до продвинутого.
до продвинутого. Ведущие
дикторы программ – профессиональные
и
и 9
9 DVD
DVD и
и 10
10 DVD
DVD
дикторыипрограмм – профессиональные
ведущие носители английского
ведущие и носители английского
США, Канады,
языка из
языка из
Великобритании.
3 CD
3 CD и 2
и 2 CD
CD
США, Канады, Великобритании.
 September 2009 www.english4U.com.ua
NG’ S BETTER
Над производством телевизионных
Над производством
и радиопрограмм телевизионных
работают
и радиопрограмм работают
преподаватели, филологи и
преподаватели, филологи
Канады,и

ENGLISH!
методисты из США,
методисты из США, Канады,
Великобритании, Украины.
Великобритании, Украины.

MULTIMEDIA
Телеканал English Club TV Мультимедийный пакет English Club

MULTIMEDIA
Телеканал
представляет English Club TV
мультимедийный Мультимедийный пакет
TV – это уникальное English Clubдля
предложение
представляет мультимедийный
пакет из 3-х телеканалов и 3-х TV – это уникальное предложение
интенсивного изучения современного для
пакет из 3-х телеканалов и 3-х
радиоканалов интенсивного
английского! изучения современного
радиоканалов английского!
www.english-club.tv
www.english-club.tv
Мультимедийный пакет English Club TV – это Для просмотра видеоматериалов Мультимедиа
Мультимедийный пакет English Club TV – это Для просмотра видеоматериалов Мультимедиа
три телеканала: English Club TV, Full Contact TV, Music необходимо иметь регистрационные данные
три телеканала: English Club TV, Full Contact TV, Music необходимо иметь регистрационные данные
Club TV (on-line трансляция); пользователя.
Club TV (on-line трансляция); пользователя.
три радиоканала: Business Radio, Music Radio и Kids
три радиоканала: Business Radio, Music Radio и Kids
Radio (on-line трансляция); Стоимость подключения к Мультимедиа – 365 грн./год
Radio (on-line трансляция); Стоимость подключения к Мультимедиа – 365 грн./год
программы телеканала English Club TV (отдельные (одна гривна в день).
программы телеканала English Club TV (отдельные (одна гривна в день).
файлы), тексты к программам и тесты. Подключение осуществляется сроком на один год.
файлы), тексты к программам и тесты. Подключение осуществляется сроком на один год.
Материалы сайта обновляются ежедневно!
Материалы сайта обновляются ежедневно!
С мультимедийным пакетом вы будете первым, кто
С мультимедийным пакетом вы будете первым, кто
увидит новые программы English Club TV!
увидит новые программы English Club TV!
Мультимедиа - это уникальная возможность:
Мультимедиа - это уникальная возможность:
• совершенствовать английский язык в любое удобное
• совершенствовать английский язык в любое удобное
время и в любом удобном для вас месте посредством
время и в любом удобном для вас месте посредством
Интернета;
Интернета;
• составить индивидуальную программу изучения
• составить индивидуальную программу изучения
английского языка с English Club TV;
английского языка с English Club TV;
• смотреть каждую программу столько раз, сколько
• смотреть каждую программу столько раз, сколько
необходимо именно вам для усвоения материала;
необходимо именно вам для усвоения материала;
• иметь неограниченный доступ к текстам программ
• иметь неограниченный доступ к текстам программ
на английском языке с переводом;
на английском языке с переводом;
• контролировать свои успехи в изучении английского
• контролировать свои успехи в изучении английского
языка с помощью тестов к программам.
языка с помощью тестов к программам.

ТЫ
ТЫ НА
НА DVD
DVD И
И CD
CD ДИСКАХ
ДИСКАХ Смотрите и слушайте каждый день
Смотрите
программы и слушайте каждый
English Club день
TV и вы
программы English Club
преодолеете языковой барьер,TV и вы
“Английский для детей” “Английский за рулем” преодолеете языковой барьер,
“Английский для детей” “Английский за рулем” приобретете навыки
приобретете навыки
общения.
общения.
Это прекрасный подарок для ваших
Это
детейпрекрасный
и знакомых,подарок
которыедля ваших
мечтают
детей и знакомых, которые
выучить английский язык. мечтают
выучить
Доставка английский
по территории язык.Украины -
Доставка
бесплатно.по территории Украины -
бесплатно.
Подробнее обо всех услугах и продуктах вы
Подробнее
можете узнать обонавсех услугах
сайте и продуктах вы
телеканала:
можете узнать на сайте телеканала:
www.english-club.tv. Заказ по телефонам:
www.english-club.tv. Заказ по телефонам:
в Киеве - (044) 287 4463,
2
2 CD
CD 8
8 CD
CD
вв Киеве - (044) 287 4463,
Днепропетровске - (0562) 349 349.
в Днепропетровске - (0562) 349 349.
September 2009 
Ещё можно оформить ГОДОВУЮ подписку!
Подписка в любом отделении Укрпочты Подписка в редакции
Самый универсальный способ подписки подойдет тем из Самый простой способ подписки для физических и юридических лиц.
наших читателей, кто привык подписываться на почте. Оптимален для тех, кто хочет сэкономить свои деньги и время. К тому же,
Абонемент можно скачать на нашем сайте english4u.com. таким образом можно получить даже те номера журнала, которых уже нет
ua либо взять в любом отделении Укрпочты. в продаже.

Подписка через агентства


Этот способ подписки удобен тем, кто хочет быть Правила оформления редакционной подписки:
уверенным в быстрой доставке желаемых изданий. 1) Впишите сумму к оплате в счет-фактуру. Оплатите счет в любом банке.
Для того чтобы подписаться на наше издание через 2) Заполните подписной купон, четко и разборчиво указав все ваши
агентство альтернативной подписки, вам достаточно данные.
позвонить или послать письмо в любое агентство в
3) Вышлите Подписной КУПОН и КОПИЮ квитанции об оплате с отметкой
вашем городе. Многие из агентств организуют подписку
банка по факсу (056) 371-99-48 или по адресу: 49080, Днепропетровск,
через свои сайты. Смотрите список подписных агентств ул. Дементьева 2/138, или по e-mail post.e4u@gmail.com
на нашем сайте www.english4u.com.ua

Поставщик: ЧП «Сеник Т.Г.»


р/с 26004300590201 в АКБ «Новый» в г.Днепропетровске
МФО 305062б код ЕДРПОУ 2916815720
49000, г. Днепропетровск, ул. Дементьева 2/138, тел. (056) 785-96-90, факс (056) 371-99-48

Получатель __________________________________________________________________________________________________
Плательщик __________________________________________________________________________________________________

Счет-фактура № 01-________________
код города + телефон
от 5 сентября 2009 г.

Периодичность Цена Сумма к оплате


№ Название издания Сумма на год (грн.)
выпуска на 1 месяц (грн.) без ПДВ (грн.)

Журнал «English4U.
1/мес 15,00 180,00
Журнал для изучающих английский язык»

Всего к оплате: Всего


Без ПДВ (согласно подп. 5.1.2 Закона Украины
«О налоге на добавленную стоимость») ПДВ Без ПДВ

Всего к оплате
ПРИМЕЧАНИЕ: Подписчик заполняет графу
«Сумма к оплате» согласно своему заказу. Директор Т.Г.Сеник

Подписной купон на 2009 год

фамилия, имя, отчество плательщика

индекс и адрес плательщика

срок подписки

количество номеров в месяц

сумма оплаты

подпись Дата E-mail

Копия
 платежного поручения прилагается.
September 2009 www.english4U.com.ua
№9(81) September 2009

журнал для изучающих английский язык

content
Photo by Ilya Ratman
6 News4U 9
8 PHENOMENON /

16
Tecktonik Dance

9 music / Tokio Hotel

10 FASHION /
Heidi Klum: Wonder (Bra) womans
Hi there, and welcome back to
12 TECHNOLOGY /
English4U to all those who skipped
Inside the New Harry Potter Movie’s
summer issues because of holi- VFX Tech
days and vacations!
14 ARCHITECTURE /
10 Unusual Churches
In this issue… well, in fact, you
can just look at the index to get a 16 for men /
Why Do Single Women Like Taken Men?
fairly good idea of what we’ve got
for you here, so there’s little point 18 for women /
in me listing all that. Fashionista to Recessionista

19 NATURE / Why is the sky blue?


From now on instead of a portion

22
20 CUISINE /
of editorial wisdom you are going to American desserts you never
get a joke from the Editor-in-Chief! knew about
Where else do magazines’ editors
21 LONDON /
go around telling jokes? We bet it’s Londoners love...
only here :)
Tatá Senique 22 IDIOMS /
Cat Sayings & Proverbs
and the English4U Team
24 VOCABULARY /
Wardrobe malfunctions

26 BUSINESS ENGLISH /
War Idioms
The Joke from 27 grammar /
E4U Editor-in-Chief Apostrophes

26
28 LIFEUP / Riddles
A dog went to a post office
29 Cinema /
to send a telegram, took Anticipating Burton’s Alice In Wonderland
out a blank form and wrote:
30 fiction /
“Woof. Woof. Woof. Woof. Alice in the Wonderland by Lewis Carroll
Woof. Woof. Woof. Woof.
33 NOTA BENE /
Woof.” The clerk examined Где завод, а где фабрика?
the paper and politely told
the dog, “There are only
nine words here. You could подписной индекс 91029

send another ‘Woof ’ for стоимость месячной подписки


журнала через Укрпочту - 14.53 грн. Условные обозначения
the same price.” уровня сложности статей
Главный редактор Сеник Татьяна
The dog re- Редакторы Анастасия Король
При участии Paul William Bradbeer
plied, “But beginner
Дизайн и верстка Андрусейко Роман
that would pre-intermediate
учредитель ЧП Сеник Т.Г.
make no Свидетельство о регистрации КВ №14756-3727ПР
intermediate
sense at Размещение рекламы тел. (056) 785-96-90

all!” Адрес редакции для писем: upper-intermediate


49080, г. Днепропетровск, ул. Дементьева 2/138
post.e4u@gmail.com
advanced
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г. Днепропетровск, пл.Островского, 3
Заказ №24 Тираж 8200 экз.

September 2009 
news4U

Non-fat Chocolate
A bar1 of chocolate has been created that can be eaten while you diet.
Its makers claim it has 90% fewer calories than a normal bar and doesn’t
melt as easy as every day chocolate.
Swiss chocolatier Barry Callebaut has named his secret ingredient “Vul-
cano” because it can withstand2 heat up to 55C.
A spokesman told the Daily Mirror: “Our engineers stumbled3 upon the
technique by accident.
“It’s nice and chocolatey with a strong aroma. It does melt in the mouth but
it is the enzymes in saliva4 rather than the heat that cause it to dissolve5.”
The company hope to sell Vulcano to Cadbury’s and Nestle and It could
be used in their within two years.

Kelly Hildebrandt
to wed 6 Kelly Hildebrandt Tough Guy Race gets tougher
A couple with identical names are to Nearly 3,000 competitors from around
get married after finding each other on the world battled it out to be win this year’s
Facebook. Tough 12 Guy Race.
Kelly Hildebrandt, 20, a student from The six-mile assault course at South Perton
Miami, entered her own name on the farm in Wolverhampton contained 21 different
social network website when she was obstacles13.
bored one evening. Entrants even had to sign a death war-
It provided only one match - Kelly Hil- rant 14 before starting the challenge, reports
debrandt, 24, from Lubbock, Texas, re- the Daily Mail.
ports the Daily Telegraph. Men and women faced burning tires, pond filled
with leeches15 and tiny, narrow tunnels.
She sent him a message which he re-
Other challenges involved crawling16 through
calls as saying: “Hi. We had the same
shoulder high mud and scaling a 40ft high wall.
name. Thought it was cool” and they be- Organiser Mouser Wilson said: “There is noth-
came friends. ing like this in the world and that is why people
Despite Mr Hildebrandt’s concern that from all over the globe want to come here.
they might be related, the pair were “I had a captain in Afghanistan write to me
soon talking to each other every day and saying the British Army recognises Tough Guy
he “fell head over heels 7” after visiting as the most arduous 17 test of physical and
her in Florida. mental endurance.”
Mr Hildebrandt, who works in financial Contestants ended up with sprained18 ankles,
services, sealed their fate by hiding a burns and cuts.
diamond engagement 8 ring in a treasure Tough Guy veteran James Appleton from Cam-
bridge was first across the finish line in a time of
box on a beach.
1 hour and 39 minutes.
The couple plan to get married in south
Florida in October.
“I totally think that it’s all God’s tim-
ing 9. He planned it out just perfect,” said
Miss Hildebrandt.
Her fiancé 10 said he thought their first Dog loves his
online encounter 11 was “fun” but added:
“I had no idea that it would lead to this.”
sunglasses
The couple said there are no plans to An Alsatian 19 has become
allow the confusion to expand into a fu- something of a local celebrity
ture generation: “No, we’re definitely not in a Chinese city for his habit
going to name our kids Kelly,” said Miss of wearing sunglasses.
Hildebrandt. Fei Fei’s owner says he
bought the dog a pair of sun-
glasses to protect his eyes
from the strong sun in Chongq-
ing, Sichuan Province.
He wasn’t sure if the dog would take to 20 wearing sunglasses - but to
his surprise he loves them so much he won’t go out without them.
“I thought that the strong sunshine we get here in the summer time could not
be good for his eyes,” the dog’s owner said.
“But now if I don’t put his sunglasses on before we go out, he barks 21 at me
non-stop until I do.”
Fei Fei now attracts attention wherever he goes - as the coolest dog in the
city, reports the Wuzhou Daily.

 September 2009 www.english4U.com.ua


news4U

Bee my wife Coffee taster’s £10m tongue


A Chinese couple have got married wearing A coffee taster for Costa has had his
clothes made of thousands of living bees. tongue insured 23 for £10 million.
Li Wenhua and Yan Hongxia are both Gennaro Pelliccia, 34, tests every
enthusiastic beekeepers and work for the batch 24 of raw beans before they leave
Nanhu forestry commission at Ning’an city the firm’s roastery, reports The Sun.
in northern China. The company says the Italian Master
of Coffee, who has 18 years experience,
And despite the fact that most of their
has already proved his worth.
pals 22 kept their distance, the couple were
Costa’s cappuccino is the favourite for
still delighted with their new clothes. seven in ten Brits ahead of Caffè Nero
Husband Li said: “I have been working with and Starbucks.
bees for two decades and it was the obvious Gennaro said: “My tastebuds 25 and sensory
choice for us for our big day. skills are crucial 26.”
“I also wanted to set a world record for the A spokesman for Glencairn, who insured
biggest coat of bees - I put a queen bee on Gennaro’s tongue at Lloyd’s of London, said:
each of us but the only thing is it was im- “This is one of the biggest single insurance poli-
possible to count how many bees we had - I cies taken out for one person.
don’t know if a guess is enough?” “But his taste buds are as important as the
His wife added: “It was an amazing feel- vocal cords of a singer.”
ing to have a carpet of living bees moving
over my body.
“I could feel them as they moved around Buses equipped with bricks
- it was amazing. I have always loved bees A Chinese bus company is equipping its
but this was a totally new experience.” vehicles with bricks for passengers to use to
break windows in an emergency.
The bricks, painted yellow with “emergency
use” written on both sides, are stored under
the driver’s seat and under a rear seat.
“It’s easy for passengers to spot them, and
use them to break the window if something
happened,” said a spokesman for the Harbin
Public Transport Company.
The company had stopped providing pas-
sengers with safety hammers 27 to break windows as they were always being stolen.
“We don’t think anybody will be interested in stealing bricks,” the spokesman added.
Bricks have so far been installed on several bus routes in a pilot scheme in Harbin,
the capital of Heilongjiang province, reports Northeast Network.
But the company says it will equip all 700 of its buses with the bricks if feedback
from passengers is positive.

Computer translates dog barks


Hungarian scientists are working While the computer correctly
on a computer programme to enable recognised the emotional state of
people to understand dog barks. 43% of dogs, humans did almost
The software is said to work out the as well with 40%.
nuances of a dog’s barks, howls28, Csaba Molnar, from Eotvos Uni-
yaps29 and growls30, reports the BBC. versity in Budapest, told the BBC:
After analysing 6,000 barks, it “I would say that we proved there
aims to determine when a dog has are very strong contextual differ-
seen a ball, when it is fighting, play- ences between the barks.
ing, meeting a stranger or when it “But very long further work is
wants a walk. needed to determine which emo-
But the scientists admit the technol- tional states and which characteris-
ogy only just out-performs humans. tics belong to each different breed.”

1
bar плитка (шоколада) 16
crawling [`krLlIN] сползание
2
to withstand [wiD`stxnd] выдержать 17
arduous [`Rdjuqs] трудный, тяжёлый
3
to stumble [`stAmbl] случайно найти, натолкнуться на 18
sprain [sprein] растяжение связок, сустава
4
saliva [sq`laivq] слюна 19
Alsatian [xl`seiS(q)n] немецкая овчарка
5
to dissolve [di`zOlv] растворять, таять 20
to take to заинтересоваться, привязаться
6
to wed вступать в брак 21
to bark [bRk] лаять
7
head over heels по уши 22
pal [pxl] друг, приятель
8
engagement [in`geiGmqnt] обручение, помолвка 23
to insure [in`Suq] застраховывать
9
timing [`taimiN] выбор, определение времени 24
batch [bxtS] партия (товара, продукции)
10
fiancé [fi`Rnsei] фр. жених 25
tastebud вкусовой сосочек языка
11
encounter [in`kauntq] случайная встреча 26
crucial [`krHS(q)l] ключевой, решающий; потрясающий, классный
12
tough [tAf] крутой 27
hammer [`hxmq] молот, кувалда
13
obstacle [`Obstqkl] преграда, препятствие 28
howl [haul] вой, завывание
14
death warrant ["deT`wOr(q)nt] смертный приговор 29
yap [jxp] лай; тявканье
15
leech [li:tS] пиявка 30
growl [graul] рычание

September 2009 
phenomenon

t y le
c e S
Da n

The dance moves started with something called Tecktonik - a mix who didn’t. And he wants not only boutique and hair salon in Paris in
of punk, techno, break dancing and disco that was born in clubs and to control the brand name, but its November.
spread by word of mouth1 on Internet video sites. The dance spawned2 image too. “We won’t go in the sec- But critics like the young philoso-
a youth movement that has turned into a burgeoning3 business and a tor of sex or weapons or drugs or pher and writer Vincent Cespedes
model for creating a brand on the Web. alcohol,” says Barouzdin. say Tecktonik’s value as a brand
Tecktonik, now a registered trademark and offering 33,800 videos on “Tecktonik has some very posi- makes it worthless as a youth
the YouTube video site, has gone beyond sharing music and moved to tive values which are to make par- movement.
selling hairstyles, merchandise 4 and an ethos5 of tolerance to post- ties, the respect of oneself, the “When you’re young, you dance
adolescents 6. It has become a lifestyle brand. dance, the fashion… energy… it’s to tell your parents ‘I’m a free
important for us to work on that, es- man! I’ve got my sexuality, my

T
ecktonik is - so it is claimed
- the first new dance to
come out of France since Dance styles
the Can-Can. It is almost Tecktonik (often abbreviated as TCK) is a style of street
as athletic as the dance dance danced to electro music based on a blend of tech-
of the energetic ladies of no and Hip-hop styles (late 80s vogue, 90s waving and old
the Moulin Rouge. Your school breakdancing), and 70s disco. A few styles are known
feet swivel7 from side to side in time
in Tecktonik: Vertigo, Hardstyle, Milky Way, Jumpstyle, Elec-
with the beat while you make big
movements with your arms. The one
trostyle, Tecktonik-mix, etc.
even French primary school children Tecktonik dance takes elements of glowsticking, and popping and
know is sweeping your forearm back locking hip-hop dance and mashes them together. People dancing
over your head. Tecktonik’s inven- Tecktonik should be creative with it and make it their own.
tors say it’s the first electro dance If you want to stand out at a nightclub, practice this one at
with a codified8 set of moves. home in front a mirror and then let it loose at a club!
Distinctive look
“We tried to create something While blending13 dance mu- pecially when your target market is desires and they aren’t yours!’
very new so, for example, the sic, club culture and throbbing kids from six to 20 years old.” You dance to express your free-
arm movements are very strong electronic beats is nothing new, dom! But, here, it’s not this kind
in Tecktonik. I would say it’s 80% analysts say Tecktonik stands out ‘Sarkozy dance’ of dance. Because it’s a commer-
arms, 20% legs,” says Alexandre because it is directed at a younger Switch on the television and cial dance. It’s a safe dance. No
Barouzdin, a man behind the ven- crowd and attempts to label a trend you’ll see kids dancing Tecktonik sex, no drugs, no alcohol… It’s
ture. “It’s very physical. In fact, under a single brand name from in adverts for mobile phones. Go anti-rock ‘n’ roll! It’s a Sarkozy
there are more Tecktonik lessons the start. to the supermarket and you’ll find dance!”
in fitness centres than dance “Unlike rock, or punk or similar Tecktonik playstation games and
schools!” movements, this has a commercial Tecktonik school bags. And the * She’s sure a party animal — Ей бы
Barouzdin used to be a Merrill brand name driving it from the very Tecktonik company opened its first только тусоваться
Lynch investment banker. But he was beginning,” said Thomas Jamet from
always a party animal*9. In 2001, the Reload agency in Paris, which
he and his ballet dancer friend, Cyril specializes in youth marketing. Tecktonik is not just a dance,
Blanc, got tired of the Parisian gay
scene and started organising what Merchandising it is also a fashion statement
they called Tecktonik Killer nights at Tecktonik also represents a fair 1
word of mouth молва
a big club in the suburbs called the bit of money. Right at the start - Ba- 2
to spawn [spLn] рождать (в большом количестве); вызывать
Metropolis, which brought in up to rouzdin wasn’t a banker for noth- 3
burgeoning [`bWG(q)nIN] растущий, развивающийся
8,000 dancers at a time. ing - Tecktonik’s creators made 4
merchandise [`mWtS(q)ndaiz] (сопутствующие) товары
A distinctive Tecktonik look grew the name a registered trademark.
5
ethos [`i:TOs] характер, преобладающая черта, дух
6
adolescent ["xd(q)`les(q)nt] молодой человек; юноша; девушка; подросток
up there as well. Skinny jeans and They wanted to protect the name, 7
to swivel [`swiv(q)l] поворачиваться; вращаться
fluorescent 10 T-shirts and maybe Barouzdin explains. They didn’t 8
codified [`kqudifaid] кодифицированный; зашифрованный
a flashy accessory like day-glo 11 want any old Tom, Dick or Harry 9
party animal любитель потусоваться
10
fluorescent [flL`res(q)nt] светящийся, флуоресцентный
gloves, armbands 12. And the hair- organising parties and calling them 11
day-glo [`deiglqu] яркого цвета (светящегося при дневном освещении)
cut - short at the front and sides, “Tecktonik”. Now, you can’t use 12
armband [`Rmbxnd] нарукавная повязка
long at the back with a gelled-up the Tecktonik name without going 13
to blend [blend] смешивать
Mohican on top. through him. He has sued14 people
14
to sue [sH] преследовать в судебном порядке

 September 2009 www.english4U.com.ua


music

Bill Kaulitz’s androgynous look, young


age and edgy hairstyle has reached icon
status among many teenage girls.

Glorified boy band Tokio Hotel are taking the music world by storm. After scoring 1 four number one sin- it is a product of the global village
gles, two number one albums, and selling nearly 3 million CDs and DVDs in their homeland, they’ve become the Internet has created. Their pa-
the biggest act to come out of Germany in 20 years. And to think their first CD was recorded when the mem- thos-filled glam rock ties together
bers were only 13 to 15-years-old. Breaking down cultural walls, the Tokio Hotel phenomenon has crossed three current trends from different
language barriers, causing a tornado-like frenzy 2 in Spain, Italy, Scandinavia, Russia and Israel. In Austria areas of the world: the emo rock
and Switzerland, Tokio Hotel have gone four times Platinum. wave spilling over from America,
the manga fashion from Japan and

O
ther bands may sell contributions to pop culture have in circulation abroad. a home-grown longing12 for sincer-
more CDs, get better been few and far between. Kraftwerk were the robot ma- ity that is ultimately a reference to
reviews and even have Kraftwerk invented computer chines; Einstürzende Neubauten the German Romantic movement.
prettier groupies 3. But music; Einstürzende Neubauten the existentialist artists, and Nena But their rise to German su-
the screaming teens at was the first band to beat on junk; was “Frдuleinwunder.”* Although perstardom would have been
a Tokio Hotel concert Rammstein presented the thun- Rammstein came out of a leftwing unthinkable without the coopera-
hit a decibel level that derously rolling “R” and Nena’s alternative context, with their stag- tion of Bravo. The 500,000 cop-
hasn’t been reached “99 Red Balloons” was the bubble- ing borrowed directly from Leni ies of the teen magazine sold
since the Beatles. gum song with the mes- Riefenstahl, they adroitly 9 dished weekly still determine and reflect
The main reason for the sage of peace. But out 10 the stereotype of steel hel- the taste of German mainstream
adolescent 4 female hysteria these bands were in- meted Nazis snarling 11 orders. youth. Bravo entered into a mu-
is Bill Kaulitz, the band’s ternationally success- Tokio Hotel is also from Germa- tually beneficial 13, symbiotic re-
singer and main attraction. ful primarily because ny but the band belongs to a differ- lationship with Tokio Hotel: the
With his crazy hairdo (think they exploited all the ent, new generation. It may still be weekly ascribes 14 superstar sta-
Sonic the Hedgehog clichйs about Germany a mostly regional phenomenon but tus to the band. In return, they
becomes human) and sell millions of CDs and increase
girlie make up, he seems
to have jumped right out
Musical style Bravo’s circulation by giving it ex-
clusive Tokio Hotel articles.
of a Japanese manga Tokio Hotel’s genre definition is a matter of a debate. Frankfurter Meanwhile, Tokio Hotel has out-
comic. Actually, his imagina- Rundschau article describes their music as “Straightforward pop-rock grown the teen fanzine’s narrow
tive exterior is also a reference to with catchy melodies and a well-calculated mix of “stolen” Metal- readership of mainly pubescent 15
the early David Bowie. lica riffs18 and romantic ballad elements.” “Lyrics laced19 with “emo” girls. The rest of the German me-
His androgynous 5 look also angst20, wrapped in a flamboyant pop-rock package”, says an ABC dia, which mostly reported on
provides the ideal surface for the reviewer, mentioning that style “range from catchy pop anthems21... to the band with malice 16 in its first
projections of a teenaged, primar- appealing rock ballads” from song to song. Tokio Hotel deliver “both years, has finally bowed 17 to To-
ily female target group that just fell yowling22 rockers and sentimental ballads”, follows Rolling Stone. kio Hotel’s success and is taking
out of love with horses but is still Though the group learned to speak English in school, they still write it seriously.
afraid of the opposite sex. Kaulitz, songs in their native German and then translate them into English.
whose glamour makes the rest * Wonder-woman
of the band pale in comparison,
serves that purpose as well as be- 1
to score [skL] засчитывать очки; добиться успеха 12
longing [`lONIN] сильное желание, стремление
2
frenzy [`frenzI] безумие, бешенство; неистовство 13
mutually beneficial взаимовыгодный
ing a trendsetter 6, substitute 7 big 3
groupie [`grHpI] поклонница рок- или поп-группы 14
to ascribe [qs`kraIb] приписывать
brother and intimate confidant 8. 4
adolescent ["xd(q)`les(q)nt] юный, молодой; подростковый 15
pubescent [pjH`bes(q)nt] достигший половой зрелости
The band formed around Kaulitz 5
androgynous [xn`drOGInqs] двуполый, гермафродитный 16
malice [`mxlIs] злоба
and his guitar-playing twin brother 6
trendsetter [`trend"setq] законодатель моды 17
to bow [bau] преклоняться (перед авторитетом,именем)
Tom is the most recent, truly suc-
7
substitute [`sAbstItjHt] заместитель; замена 18
riff [rIf] небольшая ритмическая фигура (в джазе)
8
confidant [`kOnfIdxnt] наперсник, доверенное лицо 19
to lace [leIs] украшать, отделывать
cessful export item in an economic 9
adroitly [q`drOItlI] ловко, проворно; искусно, умело 20
angst [xN(k)st] страх, тревога
segment that hasn’t ever really 10
to dish out [dIS] выдавать, распространять 21
anthem [`xnTqm] гимн; псалом
boomed. Germany’s international 11
to snarl [snRl] сердито ворчать; брюзжать 22
yowling [jqulIN] воющий

September 2009 
FASHION

Heidi Klum:
Wonder (Bra) Woman
What kind of supermodel gives her breasts nicknames?
One that takes herself a lot less seriously than your aver-
age catwalk1 queen. And maybe that’s how Heidi Klum -
businesswoman, mother-of-three, wife of Seal - has
managed to carve out a whole new career.

i
n catwalk circles, it transpires2, the
supermodel’s famed breasts boast a
pair of Germanic nicknames: Hans
and Franz. If you ask Ms Klum
about these exotic sobriquets3, she
wouldn’t throw a minor wobbly4 and
terminate 5 the interview. Usually she
replies cheerily, “They’ve been an on-
going6 joke for, like, 12 years. It started
because I was from Germany, and people always
make fun of ze Germans, yah? So when I began
modelling I used to say ‘These are German breasts,
one is called Hans and one is called Franz’.” The
names are rarely used outside the fashion photog-
rapher’s studio. However they do sometimes crop
up in conversation at one of the idyllic homes she
now shares with her second husband, the British
musician Seal, and three young children.
Either way, Hans and Franz tell you something im-
portant about Heidi Klum. They show that, behind the
coquettish smile that has graced a coffee-table full of
Vogues, lies a can-do7 attitude and a breezy sense
of humour. For a supermodel, they reveal her to be
splendidly, almost worryingly, unpretentious8.
It doesn’t have to be like this. Klum boasts one
of the world’s most famous and valuable “faces”,
with earnings estimated by Forbes magazine last
year at $16 million. She’s the world’s second richest
model. In Germany and the US, her fame rivals9
that of Kate Moss and Cindy Crawford combined. At
the age of 36, in an industry where only the luckiest
survive past their mid-20s, that face and her blonde reality TV programmes: in the USA, Project Run-
river of hair are still selling countless fashion labels, way, a sort of Pop Idol for fashion designers; in
lines of cosmetics, and glossy magazines. her native country, Germany’s Next Top Model.
Klum is more than just a famous clothes-horse10 Then, if you can still take this barrage of over-
and rock-star wife, though. She’s something of a fem- achievement, there have been acting and sing-
inist icon, having returned to the catwalk just weeks ing. Klum’s had walk-on12 roles in, among other
after giving birth to her first child, and combining mod- films, The Devil Wears Prada, and proper runs in
elling with 16-hour days running a burgeoning global the successful sitcoms Spin City and Sex and the
business empire. Today, this adds up to a sort of liv- City. In 2006 she released a charity pop single,
ing, breathing brand. She owns two varieties of own- which reached Number 13 in the German charts.
label perfume, has designed a range of Birkenstock She contributed to her husband Seal’s 2007 al-
shoes, makes jewellery for Mouawad, lingerie for the bum System, singing the duet “Wedding Day”.
underwear firm Victoria’s Secret, and helps market a Among her minor activities is painting (several of
flower named after her, the Heidi Klum rose. her paintings appear in various art magazines in
In person 11, meanwhile, her mid-Atlantic ac- the U.S.) and writing (Klum had been an occa-
cent reflects her international status. She hosts sional guest columnist for the German television
and produces two of the world’s most successful network RTL’s website and wrote an essay for the
German newspaper Die Zeit).
All of which makes Heidi Klum one of the few
supermodels who actually did something next, and
did it well. As a mother, model and entrepreneur13,
she provides a cheerful two-fingered salute to cyn-
ics who reckon14 that women can’t have it all. “The
great models always know what they’re doing in
front of camera,” says the photographer Rankin.
“With Heidi, what you also get is an incredible
level of professionalism. You don’t just feel you’re
collaborating on a photo, but also creating some-
thing valuable together. She also always goes the

10 September 2009 www.english4U.com.ua


FASHION

Private life
Having made it into the big-time16, Klum has also found her colourful private
life jazzing up17 newspapers both at home and abroad. In 2003, after six years
of blameless marriage, she divorced a celebrity hairdresser called Ric Pipino,
and embarked on a string of high-profile affairs with unsuitable older men. The
first was Anthony Kiedis, the lead singer of the Red Hot Chili Peppers. Then
came Flavio Briatore, the fifty-something Formula One magnate.
Then, on the day Klum revealed that she was expecting Briatore’s child, he
was photographed kissing Fiona Swarovski, a jewellery heiress 18. Accusa-
tions of infidelity19 swirled around (from both sides, it must be said) but by
the time she gave birth, it was not the child’s Italian father, but the British soul
singer Seal who was performing paternal duties.
The couple were married in 2005. Since then, life for the hausfrau20 has
settled into an enduring game of happy families. The couple have had two
children together, both boys and are expecting a baby in the fall, adding to their
growing clan – Leni, 4, Henry, 3, and Johan, 2.

Not a model supermodel


Strictly speaking, Heidi Klum should never have become a supermodel. At
1.76 m, she is below regulation height for the catwalk; her vital statistics (91-
69-94, since you ask) are also on the curvy side of normal for the profession.
Meet Klum, and you’ll realise that while her smile is pretty, her skin perfect
and her face classically attractive, she boasts none of the physical quirki-
ness 21 that might usually attract the attention of influential fashion bookers
or designers looking for the next big “look”.
Her career was built away from the catwalk. She achieved fame with a
series of celebrated magazine shoots and advertising campaigns in the late
1990s. Even today, at the top of her game, she remains firmly realistic about
her own limitations. “I have always been too round to do fashion shows,”
Business life
she says. “I don’t look weird enough for them to want me for the catwalk, The couple own homes in New York, Los Angeles, Mexico
and that’s fine. The other girls are always much taller and skinnier, so it just and London. It’s from California, though, that Klum chooses
isn’t my thing. I stick to what I’m good at and have never been prepared to to conduct the majority of her business. “On a typical day I
starve 22 myself to death and fit into their clothes.” can see the mountains and the blue sky, and look out over
Klum’s route23 to the top was circuitous. She was born near Cologne in 1973. my lovely garden or pool,” she says. “The great thing is that
At the age of 18, Klum won a TV modelling competition and walked off with a I can do most of my modelling work within half-an-hour’s
prize of Ј150,000 and a contract with a top agency. drive.” As to domestic arrangements, the wild-child days
Despite this glittering 24 start, it was a while before Klum really took appear to be well and truly over. “My husband and I have
off. She spent six years in regular, if hardly glamorous, employment as an office in the corner of the house,” she adds. “We sit on
a catalogue model. Things didn’t really happen until she landed the po- either side of this big partner desk, which is old French an-
sition of the “face” of Victoria’s Secret, who signed her up in 1998. Then tique, and spend the day working, or talking, or watch the
she was chosen for the cover of Sports Illustrated’s in-
children playing by the pool. It is quite a beautiful life.”
fluential swimsuit edition. Suddenly, comparisons were
With Project Runway, which she also produces and has
being drawn with another German blonde: Claudia Schiffer.
a hefty25 stake in, Klum is talking global domination. The
A star was born.
show was recently tried in the UK, with Liz Hurley as host,
but fared disappointingly (“You never know why something
extra mile, wanting one more shot, or trying poses works or doesn’t”) but that’s unlikely to make her give up.
that other models would complain about. Then after “I always think back to when I won my competition. It was
you’ve finished, she’s straight on to the BlackBerry a modelling competition and I was 18, and I just had to get
trying to help sell the pictures, or arrange another out there and try hard and try thousands of castings, from
shoot. Don’t be fooled by her sense of humour, or city to city. You’ve just got to keep going, and that’s what I
children running around in the background. Heidi’s a advise people in my show.” If they show half the ambition of
high-powered woman. She never misses a trick15.” Heidi Klum, they’ll be doing very well.
catwalk
1
[`kxtwLk] подиум
to transpire
2
[trxn`spaiq] обнаруживаться,
становиться известным
3
sobriquet [`squbrikei] кличка, прозвище
4
to throw a wobbly внезапно разозлиться
5
to terminate [`tWmineit] кончать, завершать
6
ongoing [`On"gquiN] происходящий в настоящее время
7
can-do [`kqndu] исполнительный и энергичный
8
unpretentious ["Anpri`ten(t)Sqs] скромный, простой, без претензий
9
to rival [`raIv(q)l] соперничать; конкурировать
10
clothes-horse [`klquDzhLs] манекенщица
11
in person лично, собственной персоной
12
walk-on role роль без слов
13
entrepreneur ["Ontrqprq`nW] бизнесмен, предприниматель
14
to reckon [`rek(q)n] полагать, придерживаться мнения
15
not (never) miss a trick своего не упустит,
не упустить возможность
16
big-time [`bigtaim] выдающийся, преуспевающий
17
to jazz up подбадривать, оживлять
18
heiress [`Fqres] наследница
19
infidelity ["infi`delqti] неверность, измена
20
hausfrau [`haVs"fraV] немецкая домохозяйка
21
quirkiness [`kwE:kInIs] причудливость, странность
22
to starve [stRv] голодать
23
route [rHt] дорога, путь
24
glittering [`glit(q)riN] блистательный, великолепный
26
hefty [`hefti] изрядный, обильный

September 2009 11
TECHNOLOGY

e w
N
he
d e t
ech
I n si
* T
VFX
e’s
ovi
M
The sixth Harry Potter movie, Harry
Potter and the Half Blood Prince, was
theatrically released worldwide on July
15, 2009. Recently, Popular Mechanics
magazine spoke with the film’s visual-
effects supervisor, Tim Burke, and with
Tim Alexander of Industrial Light & Mag-
ic, about some of the technical effects
behind the new wizarding1 film.

M
illennium Bridge
At the beginning of Harry Pot-
ter and the Half-Blood Prince—
the first Potter film in two years—
things are looking pretty grim 2
not just for the boy wizard, but
for everyone. Gray storm clouds
roll ominously 3 over London as
pedestrians, eyes on the sky, hurry across
the city’s Millennium Bridge. Suddenly, the
bridge begins to quake. Cables snapping, id Yates and Half-Blood Prince’s
the bridge undulates 4 and twists, pulling VFX supervisor Tim Burke tasked
free of its piers, and crashes violently into London-based VFX house Dou-
the Thames. Voldemort has recently re- ble Negative, which also created
turned from the dead, and he isn’t satis- effects on three previous Potter
fied to wreak havoc 5 only in the wizarding films, with the job.
world: His Death Eaters take his campaign In addition to taking high-dy-
of violent mayhem 6 into the Muggle realm namic-range-image (HDRI) pho-
by destroying the Millennium Bridge in the tography of the bridge and the
film’s dramatic opening sequence. area along the Thames River,
The establishing shot of the 1241-foot Double Negative worked with
steel suspension bridge is of the real bridge the architects of the bridge. “They were to create the right texture and detail.
over the Thames River in London. But for given plans and CAD 7 files that were While the CG bridge is identical in every
the bridge’s collapse, filmmakers switched used to recreate it as accurately as pos- way to the actual Millennium Bridge, Burke
to an all-virtual plate, building the bridge sible, down to every nut and bolt,” Burke acknowledges there was some artistic in-
and London completely in the computer. says. A team of five to 20 people spent terpretation when it came to its collapse.
Creating a photorealistic computer-generat- several months building, texturing and This is magic, after all. “We did a dynam-
ed copy of a bridge millions of people have rigging 8 the bridge in 3D animating pro- ics simulation and proved that individual
walked across is no easy feat. Director Dav- gram Maya, using the HDRI photography panels of the walkway would detach and

12 September 2009 www.english4U.com.ua


TECHNOLOGY

fall into the Thames, but this was not as one of the creatures. The macquette was
interesting as we wanted,” Burke says. So scanned three-dimensionally into the com-
filmmakers spent a lot of time watching puter, and the reference was passed to ILM
footage 9 of actual collapses—including to begin the animation process, which was
the fall of Washington’s Tacoma Narrows done mostly in Maya.
bridge in 1940. “It showed how a suspen- Once modeled, the Inferi went to a painter,
sion bridge would twist and roll like a sine who laid down the creatures’ color and tex-
wave 10 created through a vibration, which ture, while another designer put a skeleton
the Millennium Bridge suffered from itself inside the Inferi model to make it move. Next,
when it first opened,” Burke says. Lon- animators began motion tests. Because Yates
doners nicknamed the Millennium Bridge wanted to avoid zombie cliches, ILM spent a
the Wobbly Bridge shortly after its open- lot of time researching the movement of the In-
ing; the bridge was closed and modified feri. “It really came down to their expressions
to eliminate the vibration. “We took this and movements to keep them out of zombie
idea and then developed it for the col- land,” Alexander says. Yates cast actors and
lapse, having the Death Eaters fly around filmed their movements using motion-capture
the bridge in a spiral motion to create the technology, which was eventually combined
twisting that brings the bridge down.” with hand animation, to create the Inferi’s fi-
nal movement. “Not having them groan13 and
The Inferi stick their arms out gets you away from the
The sixth Harry Potter film introduces zombie look,” Alexander says. Animators used
viewers to Inferi, a form of zombie-like an in-house software called Zeno to animate
reanimated corpse 11 programmed by the Inferi crowds and the flocking14 above
Voldemort to do a particular task. Lurk- and below the surface of the lake.
ing underwater in a giant lake, thousands Next, the look-development department
of these undead guard something very took the textures from the painter and be-
valuable to Voldemort, and are poised to gan rendering the Inferi with lighting, add-
ing effects to make the Inferi look “fleshy,”
Alexander says.
Though they do break the surface, the
Inferi lurk 15 mostly underwater, and can be
subdued 16 with only one thing: Fire. Com-
bining the two elements was a real effects
challenge. “ILM developed the look of the
fire and did all the R&D into how it behaved
and interacted,” Burke says. “I think it was
quite challenging for them, but they did a
great job—particularly creating the look of
the fire with their in-house tools.”
“The underwater world was difficult be-
cause of the sheer numbers of Inferi and
the interactive light from the fire, all of
which is computer-generated,” Alexander
says. “We developed an approach often
used in video games to implement the In-
feri as cards rather than full 3D objects
and also re-light the Inferi [with the] inter-
active light from the fire.” Called normal
mapping, the technique allowed the film-

A straw will show which way


the wind blows*
*A small incident can reveal an important event

strike should anyone but Vol- makers to maintain the 3D surface’s direc-
demort disturb the water. tional information without including all of
1
wizarding [`wizqdiN] колдовской; магический, волшебный When creating the Inferi, Yat- that information in the scene, which would
2
grim [grim] зловещий, мрачный, страшный es knew exactly what he didn’t want: Typi- have made it, in Alexander’s words, “too
3
ominous [`Ominqs] грозный, зловещий cal zombies. He turned to George Lucas’s heavy to render 17.”
4
to undulate [`Andjqleit] двигаться, колебаться волнообразно
5
havoc [`hxvqk] опустошение, разрушение VFX company, Industrial Light & Magic Creating the Inferi scene “was extremely
6
mayhem [`meihem] хаос, беспорядок (ILM), to create the creepy 12 creatures. challenging work,” Alexander says. It took
7
CAD =computer-aided design “David wants the audience to feel for the six people 45 weeks to create the Inferi;
(автоматизированное проектирование)
8
to rig [rig] оборудовать, оснащать
Inferi because they’re [victims of] Volde- once they were created, the team needed
9
footage [`futiG] отснятый материал mort,” says ILM’s Tim Alexander. Filmmak- 25 more artists to complete the necessary
10
sine wave [saIn] гармоническая, синусоидальная волна ers—including Yates, concept artist Rob shots 18. The final result? Two very impres-
11
corpse [kLps] труп
12
creepy [`krJpi] бросающий в дрожь,
Bliss and a team at ILM—studied photos sive minutes of screen time.
вызывающий страх of dead bodies and corpses that had been
13
to groan [grqun] стонать underwater to determine how that would www.popularmechanics.com
14
flock [flOk] толпа, большое количество
15
to lurk [lWk] cкрываться в засаде; прятаться
affect the skin. They used that reference
16
to subdue [sqb`djH] подчинять, покорять to create 2D concept art as well as a life- * Visual effects (commonly shortened to Vis-
17
to render [`rendq] представлять, изображать size clay statue, known as a maquette, of ual F/X or VFX)
18
shot [SOt] кадр

September 2009 13
ARCHITECTURE

10 Unusual

Churches
Most extraordinary, strange, odd1, you name it, churches of our planet. Look at those spec-
tacular churches built on the tip of the mountain, carved out of stone or built deep inside under-
ground and tell me that there is no god!

I
2
s there a God? This must be the
most popular and most often
asked question of all times. Well,
we can’t help you there, sorry.
You better find it yourself.
This article is not about re-
ligion, it’s about architecture.
Not just architecture, but unu-
sual architecture, and to be more exact
- unusual churches.
We are sure that there are hundreds
and thousands of beautiful churches
around the world, but only very very few
are so odd, that you would definitely take
a camera and take a picture. If you are
interested, here’s the list of 10 unusual
churches that we found.

2. Duomo (Milan Cathedral) in Italy


Duomo looks incredibly tall and majes-
tic. It even has an evil and scary look in
this picture.
Mark Twain said the following of the
Duomo in Milan in his work, Innocents
Abroad:
“They say that the Cathedral of Milan is
second only to St. Peter’s at Rome. I can-
not understand how it can be second to
anything made by human hands.”

3. Sagrada Familia, Barcelona, Spain

4
Sagrada Família is a very massive Roman
Catholic basilica3 under construction in Bar-
celona, Catalonia, Spain. Construction began
in 1882 and continues to this day. A very fa-
mous architect Antoni Gaudн worked on the

3
project for over 40 years, devoting the last 15
4. St. Basil’s Cathedral, Moscow, years of his life entirely to this endeavour4.
Russia In the center there is going to be a
Cathedral of Saint Basil the Blessed tower of Jesus Christ, surmounted 5 by
is a multi-tented church which stands a giant cross; the tower’s total height will
on the Red Square in Moscow. This be 170 m (557,7ft).

5
church looks really cool, because it
has very unusual onion domes 6 which
look playful and colorful. Sometimes
people even say, that they remind them
of lollipops 7.
The cathedral was built in 1555 -1561
by Ivan IV (a.k.a Ivan the Terrible) to
celebrate the capture of the Khanate of 5. Cathedral of Brasilia in Brasilia, Brazil
Kazan. A legend says that Ivan had the This is a very famous Cathedral of Brasília de-
architect, Postnik Yakovlev, blinded8 signed by Oscar Niemeyer. These columns, hav-
to prevent him from building a more ing hyperbolic section and weighing 90 t, repre-
magnificent building for anyone else. In sent two hands moving upwards to heaven.
fact, Postnik Yakovlev built a number of The construction was finished in 1970.
churches after Saint Basil’s.

14 September 2009 www.english4U.com.ua


1 6
art
ARCHITECTURE

1. The Church of Hallgrнmur,


Reykjavнk, Iceland
This Lutheran parish2 church is
also a very tall one, reaching 74.5
metres (244 ft) height. It is the
fourth tallest architectural structure
in Iceland. It took incredibly long
to build it (38 years!) Construction
work began in 1945 and ended in
1986.
The Architect of this building is
Guрjуn Samъelssondesign.

7 6. Las Lajas Cathedral in Colombia


Las Lajas Cathedral looks unusual because one side of it
seems to be a part of a bridge across the river and the other side
rests on the hill. The overall look is really fascinating.
Built in 1916 inside the canyon of the Guaitara river where, ac-
7. Green church, Buenos cording to local legend, the Virgin Mary appeared.
You can find this church in southern Colombian Department of
Aires, Argentina

8
Nariсo, municipality of Ipiales, near the border with Ecuador.
A parish church in Buenos
Aires, Argentina known as the
“Huerto de Olivos”, or “Garden
of Olives,” most likely a ref-
erence Gethsemane, on the
Mount of Olives.

9 10. Chapel in the Rock


(Arizona, USA)
This facinating Roman
Catholic church is liter- 8. Jubilee Church in Rome, Italy
ally built into the rock. The Jubilee Church has very dis-
views from outside are un- tinctive curved walls which look
believable but the seren- like sails 9 to me. Designed
ity14 inside is awesome. in 1996 by architect Richard
Some say, that Chapel Meier, the church has curved
in the Rock can move even walls which serve the engineer-
the non-religious. ing purpose of minimizing ther-
mal peak 10 loads in the interior

10
space.
The walls are made from a spe-
9. Bruder Klaus Chapel (Mechernich, southern Germany) cial cement, which contain tita-
A concrete 11 chapel 12 on the edge of a field in Mechernich, nium dioxide, so it destroys air
southern Germany, built by local farmers in honor of their pa- pollution.
tron saint, the 15th-century hermit 13 Bruder Klaus.

1
odd [Od] необычный, странный, эксцентричный 7
lollipop [`lOlipOp] конфета, леденец на палочке
2
parish [`pxriS] (церковный) приход 8
to blind [blaind] ослеплять, лишать зрения
3
basilica [bq`zilikq] средневековый христианский храм, 9
sail [seil] паруса
обычно в форме креста 10
peak [pJk] пик; остроконечная вершина
4
endeavour [in`devq] старание; стремление 11
concrete [`kONkrJt] бетон
5
to surmount [sq`maunt] увенчивать 12
chapel [`tSxp(q)l] капелла; часовня; молельня
6
onion dome [`Anjqn`dqum] луковичный купол (форма завершения церковной 13
hermit [`hWmit] отшельник, пустынник
главы, напоминающая луковицу) 14
serenity [si`reniti] безмятежность, спокойствие

September 2009 15
FOR MEN

Why Do Single Wom


Taken Men?
H
ere’s the scenario: You’ve
been single for a while and Women think taken men are safe
no matter how you try to
woo2 the ladies, your suave3 Women, at least those in good stead13
pickup lines4 and quips5 with the girlfriend, have the green light to
bear no fruit. Then, one pick the brain of a taken man. They can
evening when your dignity6 discuss their romantic strategies, seek
has all but bottomed out, you make advice and flirt without fear of repercus-
nice with a jaw-dropper7 and soon find sion14. A guy who is off the market is,
yourself in a new relationship. Things after all, harmless. We know how this
progress beautifully, and as they do, movie ends though. Before long, she has
you notice that you’re getting an abnor- fallen for him. Her infatuation15 comes to
mally high number of bicep-squeezes, light in a moment of devastating16 clarity.
do-me eyes and knee-slapping laughs When she’s not supposed to, she far out-
from attractive women who aren’t yours does the girlfriend (“Box seats at Yankee
to bring home. In an unlikely turn of Stadium – you shouldn’t have!”), at which
events, it seems that your success with point the gig is up. Lo and behold17, the
one woman has made you successful safety of his relationship status is what
with all women. So what gives? lured18 her in all along.
Like a moth8 to a flame, single women
are drawn to a man in a relationship. It’s Women hear good things
a fascinating coincidence9 – one that is about taken men
frustrating and unfair for the newly tied-
down gentleman. Just when the gettin’s Significant others are a reflection of
good, he’s not allowed to get. Never- the people they date. That’s why it’s in
theless, the reasoning behind this phe- a girl’s best interest to act like her boy-
nomenon will help you be a better man, friend’s PR rep: to mention whenever
whether you’re single or taken. possible that he studied at Harvard –
oh, and he plays in a band. When she
Women want what’s off limits boasts, her listeners see him through
the rose-colored glasses that she
In the Garden of Eden, Eve sinks her wears. By the time she gets to the part
teeth into the one piece of fruit that God about his volunteer firefighting, it’s ob-
instructed her to avoid – so began a long vious that he’s a major stud19 and con-
line of women who wanted, oh so badly, sequently, she’s his female equivalent.
what they could not have. We see the Unfortunately, the girls, now in agree-
same trend continue today with women ment, want to steal her title away.
staring longingly at designer shoes,
fawning over10 limited-edition jewelry Women think that taken men don’t
and above all, chasing after already spo- have ulterior20 motives
ken-for men. Be it human or handbag,
11

the more tantalizingly12 out of reach it Too many women have gotten past
is, the more appealing it becomes. the clamor21 of insincere compliments,

1
taken [`teik(q)n] занятый, не свободный
2
to woo [wH] ухаживать; добиваться расположения
3
suave [swRv] учтивый, обходительный
4
pickup lines [`pikAp] фразы, используемые для завязывания знакомства
5
quip [kwip] острота, остроумный комментарий
6
dignity [`dignqti] достоинство, гордость
7
jaw-dropper ["GL`drOpq] что-л. или кто-то, от чего(кого) у людей падает челюсть
8
moth [mOT] бабочка; мотылёк
9
coincidence [kqu`in(t)sid(q)n(t)s] точное совпадение
10
to fawn over [fLn] подлизываться, лебезить перед кем-л.
11
spoken-for занятый, зарезервированный
12
tantalizingly [`tAnt(q)laiziNli] соблазнительно, дразняще
13
in good stead в выгодном положении
14
repercussion ["rJpq`kAS(q)n] последствия
15
infatuation [in"fxtju`eiS(q)n] страстная влюбленность
16
devastating [`devqsteitiN] поразительный, удивительный
17
lo and behold вот!, слушай!, смотри!
18
to lure [l(j)uq] завлекать, соблазнять

16 September 2009 www.english4U.com.ua


for men

men Like
kind gestures and sweet nothings only ones who aren’t available are the ones
to find a broken record playing at a sin- worth going for.
gle man’s core. It repeats, “get some.”
Thus, the most well-intentioned actions Women like a challenge
of single men still have women scruti-
nizing between the lines. Men who are Women who demonstrate the right
in a relationship (and respectful of that combination of warmth and affection27
commitment) don’t use women as a can bag a single guy like candy on Hal-
means to an end. Once they settle into loween. Taken men, on the other hand,
something serious, their behavior un- are tougher to get. For starters, they’re
dergoes purification22 and the selfish probably content with their current girl-
sexual intentions are removed. In turn, friend and not too keen on28 gambling
women lower their guard. that relationship. You’d think this would
deter29 an aggressive girl, but no. With
Women like what is popular two hearts that stand to gain (and only
one to be crushed as collateral30 dam-
This one is fairly straightforward. age), the stakes are too high to back
Girls want what other girls have. To out. Also, what if he’s not as happy as
women, the simple fact that a guy is he looks? Women know a man loves
someone’s favorite flavor makes him to be fought over, and there’s potential
worth a try. A guy in a relationship is that his girlfriend under-delivers. Hello
wanted by at least one person – the girl window of opportunity!
on his arm, who confirms that he has
been tested and approved as boyfriend Women want to screw over 31
material – and therefore attracts the other women
buzz of many others.
Then there are those women who
Women want an ego boost 23 simply have it out for their own gender.
In grade school, they pulled pigtails32;
Man or woman, the ultimate ego boost now that they’re older, they pull boy-
is the knowledge that you’re not just hot, friends. Some are out for revenge33,
but irresistibly hot. Consider this: If a others make a sport of seeing if they
man risks his entire relationship – com- “can get him,” whatever the emotional
mitment be damned – for one exception- cost. Women size up their competi-
ally steamy24 night with another woman, tion and somehow rationalize that her
that other woman will go home feeling boyfriend is begging to be with a real
like she has one-upped Helen of Troy. woman – no offense to the tramp34 he’s
That’s bragging25 rights to the max. A with. Remember, too, that women aren’t
shot of confidence like that could make always down with waiting patiently for
up for a long dry spell of celibacy26 or a taken man to free up. They want re-
jump-start a love life. Plus, if she’s un- sults, and they want them yesterday.
able to win him over, there’s a net to
catch her: “Of course he’s not interested Taken men have confidence
in me; he’s in a relationship.”
The next time you go out, take a look
Women see taken men as having around. The most confident guy in the
desirable qualities room isn’t the one usurping35 attention
or emptying his wallet on drinks for the
To help you further understand how gang. The man exuding36 confidence
women perceive the dating pool, think like perspiration37 in a sweat lodge has
of men like parking spaces surround- his arm blissfully around his bombshell
ing a popular restaurant on a Friday of a girlfriend – and in case you didn’t
evening. The best ones, meaning the notice, she’s all about him. What better
ones closest to the restaurant, will be proof exists that he is successful, intelli-
occupied almost solidly until closing. gent and endlessly charming? Men who
But as one gets farther from the front enjoy this luxury are infinitely more nat-
door, the parking spots aren’t as good, ural, comfortable and cool. They worry
so they open up with greater regular- little, stress out even less. This all adds
ity or, in some cases, remain open up to a man with incredible romantic
permanently. In short, women believe gravity who pulls women into his orbit.
that men who are single are single for a
reason. Backward as it may sound, the www.askmen.com

19
stud [stAd] парень, чувак
20
ulterior [Al`tiqriq] невидимый, невыраженный
21
clamor [`klxmq] шумные протесты; возмущение
22
purification ["pjuqrifi`keiS(q)n] очищение
23
ego boost улучшение самооценки
24
steamy [`stJmi] чувственный, пылкий
25
bragging [brxg] хвастовство, напыщенность
26
celibacy [`selqbqsi] обет безбрачия
27
affection [q`fekS(q)n] любовь, привязанность
28
to keen on [kJn] гореть желанием
29
to deter [di`tW] отпугивать
30
collateral [kq`lxt(q)r(q)l] несущественный
31
to screw over [skrH] драться, бороться c
32
pigtail [`pigteil] коса, косичка
33
revenge [ri`venG] месть
34
tramp [trxmp] разг. проститутка
35
to usurp [jH`zWp] узурпировать, незаконно захватывать
36
to exude [ig`zjHd] выделяться, проступать сквозь поры
37
perspiration ["pWsp(q)`reiS(q)n] испарина, пот

September 2009 17
for women

H
ey Big Spender Feed the Need
You never used to bat Apply the “Do I need it?” test.
an eye at a three-figure Unless there’s a defined need
price tag; now you’ve without negative consequences,
racked up2 a five-figure it’s better to pass.
credit card bill. Or per- If you just can’t bear the thought
haps you’ve been let go of putting that Alice + Olivia tank
from the job that used to back on the rack, snap a picture of
support your need for all things de- it and consider the alternatives: are
signer. No matter the scenario, one there discount stores where you can
thing is certain: You need to learn purchase it? coupons or discount
how to go from fashionista to reces- offers you can take advantage of?
sionista. We show you how—and Borrowing an outfit from a friend is
no, it doesn’t require putting your also an option.
credit card in ice a la Becky Bloom-
wood, or even giving up shopping— From One Store to Another
someone’s got to help us out of this It’s a grocery-store habit, now
recession, after all. you need to make it a mall 18 hab-
it. “Shop with a list and buy only
Clothes Roll Call what is on the list,” advises Susan
The best place to start your Beacham, founder of Money Sav-
transformation is in your own vy Generation, a financial literacy
closet. Look for items that no lon- company for kids, and coauthor of
ger fit properly or are out of style, The Millionaire Kid’s Club. “Make a
and instead of relegating3 them to list of what you want and what you
the “donate4” bin, think of ways to need. ‘Needs’ are always at the
bring them up-to-date.
“Pant hems 5 can be let down;

From Fashionista 1
shirts can be shorted and even
made short-sleeved; skirts can be
reworked into the newest styles,”

to Recessionista
says Colin Megaro, a fashion styl-
ist so in tune with the current econ-
omy he now offers a “Wardrobe
Renovation and Closet Inventory”
service. “Tailoring6 items can give
you the current styles at a fraction
of the store cost,” he adds.
top of the list and ‘wants’ don’t get
Swap It Out purchased until ‘needs’ are met.”
Host a clothing swap7 party. Meaning: underwear trumps 19 the
Gather your friends and their no-lon- boyfriend jacket you’ve been cov-
ger-wanted clothes, toss8 them all eting 20.
into a pile on your living room floor,
and start trading. (Keep it civil9 by The Key Pieces
having your guests pick numbers Suze Orman says the recession
out of hat; lowest number goes first.) could last until 2015, while Fed
Before the night is over, you and Chairman Ben Bernanke thinks we’ll
your friends will have a refreshed see recovery by next year. Who to
wardrobe for free. believe?
Pfft, wish we knew! We do know,
Time to Get Thrifty10 however, that until the Dow picks
There was a time when you up again, your clothing-centric pur-
would get into a full-on catfight11 chases should center on the clas-
over Neiman’s last 3.1 Phillip Lim sics. “Focus on a few key pieces
tent dress. Now take that drive and that can transition from spring to
apply it to… thrift store shopping. summer and that provide great
Yep, we said it. mix-and-match versatility, such as
“Plenty of clothing there is cheap cardigans, shift dresses, jeans,
and brand name [and] in great con- Buyer Beware14 the Fashion Fit Formula, a math- knee-length skirts and lightweight
dition,” says iVillager lily11487. “I A sale is a sale is a sale, right? ematical system that helps women sweaters,” says Linda DeFranco,
recently brought a pair of brown Wrong. Many times, higher-end alter16 their existing clothes to be director of product trend analysis
pumps12 for only $3.05. One of my stores tout15 sales to attract buy- more flattering17. “Just a few steps for Cotton Incorporated. She also
most-favorite jeans is from a thrift ers where they will then see more away is a rack with obviously better suggests buying in colors that are
store—and if something happens to expensive clothing. “This is how quality clothing and while the price not season-specific. “White and
them I won’t feel bad because they it works: the sale garment isn’t as is higher, it’s not that much higher. bright red will make your summer
didn’t cost an arm and a leg13.” nice as their other merchandise, The buyer rationalizes, ‘For just $30 fashion finds autumn-fabulous as
She’s quick to add that you can get but its cost, while lower, isn’t that to $40 more, I can get this outfit and well,” she says.
a couple of outfits with just $20. much lower,” explains Janet Wood, it looks so much more expensive.’”
Imagine that. a fashion expert and inventor of So what do you do? http://ivillage.com
1
fashionista ["fxSq`nJstq] модник, модница 11
catfight [`kxtfait] разг. склока между женщинами
2
to rack up [rxk] увеличивать объём, (зд.)накопиться 12
pumps [pAmps] туфли-лодочки (обычно на высоком каблуке)
3
to relegate [`religeit] переводить в низший разряд 13
to cost an arm and leg стоить целое состояние, огромных денег
4
to donate [dqu`neit] дарить, жертвовать 14
to beware [bi`wFq] беречься, остерегаться, опасаться
5
hem [hem] подогнутый и подшитый край одежды; край 15
tout [taut] человек, усиленно предлагающий товар
6
tailoring [`teil(q)riN] портняжное дело; стиль или фасон одежды 16
to alter [`Lltq] изменять, переделывать
7
to swap [swOp] менять, обменивать 17
flattering [`flxt(q)riN] выставляющий кого-л. в лучшем свете
8
to toss [tOs] закинуть, забросить 18
mall [mLl] крупный торговый комплекс
9
civil [`siv(q)l] цивилизованный; культурный, вежливый 19
to trump [trAmp] превзойти
10
thrifty [Trifti] расчётливый, экономный 20
to covet [`kAvit] жаждать, сильно желать

18 September 2009 www.english4U.com.ua


nature

Why is the sky blue?


W Г
hen you look at the nighttime sky, it’s black, with the лядя на ночное небо, вы видите его черным, и на
stars and the moon forming points of light on that этом черном фоне звёзды и луна образуют точки све-
black background. So why is it that, during the day, та. Тогда почему же днем небо не остается черным
the sky doesn’t remain black with the sun acting as с другой точкой света – солнцем? Почему дневное
another point of light? Why does the daytime sky turn небо становится ярко-синим, а звёзды исчезают?
a bright blue and the stars disappear? Прежде всего, нужно признать, что солнце является
The first thing to recognize is that the sun is an чрезвычайно ярким источником света – намного более
extremely bright source of light – much brighter than ярким, чем луна. Также следует помнить о том, что ато-
the moon. The second thing to recognize is that the atoms of мы азота и кислорода в атмосфере оказывают определенный эф-
nitrogen and oxygen in the atmosphere have an effect on the фект на солнечные лучи, которые через них проходят.
sunlight that passes through them. Свет от Солнца (белый свет) состоит из многих цветов – крас-
Light from the Sun (white light) is made up of many colours ный, зеленый, синий и т.д. У каждого из этих цветов разная дли-
- red, green, blue, and so on. Each of these colours has a на и частота волн. Когда свет достигает атмосферу, он сталки-
different wavelength and frequency. When light reaches the вается с молекулами газов, которые рассеивают свет во всех
atmosphere it hits gas molecules which scatter the light in all направлениях. Такое рассеяние называется рассеянием Релея,
directions. This scattering is called Rayleigh scattering after названным так в честь лорда Релея, который разработал мате-
Lord Rayleigh who worked out the mathematical equations to матические уравнения для описания этого явления. В рассея-
describe it. What’s strange about Rayleigh scattering is that not нии Релея странным является то, что не весь свет рассеивает-
all of the light is scattered evenly. Some wavelengths are scat- ся равномерно. Некоторые длины волн рассеиваются больше.
tered more. With white light, mostly the light of shorter wave- У белого света в основном рассеивается свет более коротких
lengths (the blue end of the visible range) is scattered whilst длин волн (голубая часть видимого спектра), более длинные
the longer wavelengths (the red end) are mostly uneffected. длины волн в основном задерживаются. Это означает, что голу-
This means the blue light is scattered more than the red. бой свет рассеивается лучше, чем красный.
Because violet and blue are the shortest wavelengths the Поскольку фиолетовый и синий цвета имеют самые короткие
sky appears to be violet / blue. But because our eyes are длины волн, небо кажется фиолетовым / голубым. Но поскольку
more sensitive to blue light than they are violet light, we per- наши глаза более чувствительны к голубому цвету, чем к фиоле-
ceive the sky as blue. товому, мы воспринимаем небо как голубое.

What Makes the Sunset Red? Отчего закат красный?


The atmosphere is the mixture of gas molecules and other Атмосфера содержит смесь молекул газов и других мате-
materials surrounding the earth: gases nitrogen (78%), and риалов, окружающих Землю: газы азота (78%) и кислорода
oxygen (21%), argon gas and water (in the form of vapor, drop- (21%), инертный газ и вода (в виде пара, капель и кристаллов
lets and ice crystals), also small amounts of other gases, plus льда), также маленькое количество других газов, плюс мно-
many small solid particles, like dust, soot and ashes, pollen, жество твердых частиц, таких как пыль, сажа, пепел, пыльца,
and salt from the oceans. The atmosphere is densest (thickest) и соль из океанов. Плотность атмосферы наибольшая внизу,
at the bottom, near the Earth. It gradually thins out as you go возле поверхности Земли. Чем выше, тем более разряженной
higher and higher up. она становится.
As the Sun gets lower in the sky, its light is passing through Когда Солнце на небе низко опускается, его свет проходит че-
more of the atmosphere to reach you. Even more of the рез более плотную атмосферу. Голубой свет рассеивается ещё
blue light is scattered, allowing the reds and yellows to pass больше, и до наших глаз доходит красный и желтый цвета.
straight through to your eyes. Иногда кажется, что на закате всё небо горит. Небо кажется
Sometimes the whole western sky seems to glow. The sky красным из-за крупных частиц пыли, загрязнений и водных паров
appears red because larger particles of dust, pollution, and wa- в атмосфере, которые пропускают более длинные волны – крас-
ter vapor in the atmosphere reflect and scatter more of the reds ные и желтые.
and yellows.

September 2009
September 2009 19
19
Desserts
CUISINE

American
You Never
knew about
Banana split1
A banana split is an ice cream-based dessert. In its classic
form it is served in a long dish called a “boat”. A banana is cut
in two lengthwise (hence2 the split) and laid in the dish. Varia-
tions abound, but the classic banana split is made with scoops3
of vanilla, chocolate and strawberry ice cream served in a
row between the split banana. Pineapple topping4 is
spooned over the vanilla ice cream, chocolate syrup
over the chocolate, and strawberry topping over the
strawberry. It is garnished with crushed nuts, whipped5
cream and maraschino6 cherries.

Graham7 cracker Marshmallow12


A graham cracker was devel- A marshmallow is a candy, first commer-
oped in 1829 in Bound Brook, cially manufactured during the late 19th
New Jersey, by Presbyterian century. The traditional marshmallow was a
minister Rev. Sylvester Gra- combination of marshmallow root, whipped
ham. Though called a cracker, egg whites, vanilla extract, and sugar. How-
it is sweet rather than salty and ever, marshmallow root is more difficult to
so bears some resemblance 8 to find, and is now more often replaced by gel-
a cookie (American English) - a atin, usually derived from the bones of ani-
digestive 9 biscuit is the clos- mals. The finished product is usually shaped
est approximation. The true graham cracker is made with and cut into one inch (2.54 cm) or smaller cylinders and may be rolled in
graham flour, a combination of fine-ground white flour and powdered sugar or cornstarch13, giving the exterior a dry texture.
coarse-ground wheat bran 10 and germ 11. Graham crackers Roasting marshmallows over a campfire, so that the exterior is a hard
are used for making s’mores and pie crusts. brown, and the interior melted is a hallmark of many family camping outings.

Moon pie*
A moon pie or MoonPie is a pas-
Campfire treats
try which consists of two round gra-
S’more
ham cracker cookies, with marsh-
A s’more is a traditional campfire
mallow filling in the center, dipped treat popular in the United States
in chocolate or other flavors. The and Canada, consisting of a roasted
traditional pie is about the diameter marshmallow and a layer of chocolate
of a hockey puck14; a smaller ver- sandwiched between two pieces of
sion exists (mini MoonPie) that is graham cracker. The name “s’more”
about half the size. The four main means “some more”, as in: “give me
flavors are chocolate, vanilla, strawberry, and banana. Three newer some more!”.
flavors, lemon, orange, and peanut butter are also available. S’mores. A confection made from
Because of the size and packaging, it’s easy and handy15 to graham crackers, marshmallow, and
take it along in a walking trip. chocolate heated until the contents
melt. The word “s’mores”--always used in the plural--is short for “some
* Not to be confused with Mooncake, which are Chinese pastries with mores,” referring to one’s appetite for more than just one. It is a cookie
egg yolks16 inside. said to be particularly popular at Girl Scout’s campfire cookouts.
1
banana split “полбанана” (банан с мороженым)
2
hence [hen(t)s] отсюда Banana boat
3
scoop [skHp] ложечка (чего-либо) A banana boat is a traditional
4
topping [`tOpiN] украшение десерта campfire treat consisting of a ba-
5
whipped [(h)wipt] взбитый (напр. сливки)
6
maraschino ["mxrq`SJnqu] мараскин (вишнёвый ликёр из мараскиновой вишни)
nana cut lengthwise and stuffed
7
graham [`greiqm] изготовленный из непросеянной пшеничной муки with marshmallow and chocolate,
8
resemblance [ri`zemblqn(t)s] сходство then wrapped in aluminum foil and
9
digestive [dai`Gestiv] улучшающий переваривание пищи cooked in the embers 17 left over
10
bran [brxn] отруби
11
germ [GWm] пшеничный зародыш from a campfire. Sometimes the ba-
12
marshmallow ["mRS`mxlqV] пастила, зефир nana boat is topped with caramel
13
cornstarch ["kO:n`stRtS] кукурузная мука sauce prior to cooking.
14
puck [pAk] шайба (в хоккее)
15
handy [`hxndi] удобный
16
yolk [jquk] желток (яйца)
17
ember [`embq] тлеющие красные угольки

20 September 2009 www.english4U.com.ua


london

Londoners love...
I
just love going through Mitcham Com- and high church (Southwark Cathedral) so close to-
mon at any season of the year. It is Lon- gether? Jonathan Price from London
don’s only uncultivated common1 and Chelsea to me is a very special part of London, prob-
looks beautiful in any weather. On the edge ably as I lived in it for 28 years and found it to be very
of the common is a wonderful duck pond, much a village although just a few minutes walk from
and it is a breeding ground2 for many rare the Kings Road and Sloane Square. The Kings Road is
species of insects and other wildlife. Mad- full of trendy and nowadays smart shops with a totally
die Turner from London. renovated Peter Jones looking as though it is in the
I love The Barbican [1]. I lived there for two years middle of Manhattan. Just off the side streets you have
whilst studying and it was just fantastic. Where else can the Royal Hospital where the Chelsea Pensioners live
you say your locals are the LSO[2] and the RSC[3]? and walk around Chelsea sporting12 their fine red uni-
You have everything - theatres, music, cinemas, art gal- forms on special historic days. The Physic Garden on
leries, museums, restaurants, cafes, gardens, shops, Royal Hospital Road is one of the oldest herb gardens
gym, library, hairdressers, beauty salon - on your door- in the country and set up for the medical profession by
step. And if you need to get away, the tube’s3 just there Hans Sloane, and of course Sloane Street and Square
to take you. Raquel Moss from Gibraltar are named after him. To the North of the Kings Road
My favourite place in London is the Family Re- there is a wonderful little village which we call “Chelsea
cords Centre in Islington. On the ground floor are Green”, which the old locals tell me used to be “Chel-
the hundreds of index books of births, marriages sea Common” before Chelsea got “posh13”, which has
and deaths since 1837, and the place is always full numerous little shops including Jane Asher’s cake shop
of people of all ages searching for their long lost and a village green in the middle where the goats used
ancestors, heaving one huge volume after another to be tethered14 - not that long ago, but before my time.
off the shelves. Frowns of concentration turn into Chelsea really is a little bit of old London with its lovely
wide grins or a triumphant mutter 4 of ‘Yes!’ when ancient pubs, houses and atmosphere. Monica Bar-
an elusive ancestor is finally found! On the first rington, owner Uptown Reservations, from London.
floor, the atmosphere is hushed, and the lighting
dimmed 5 for the dozens of microfilm and micro- http://www.londontreasures.com
fiche 6 readers where again people search through
census 7 records in the hope of finding that missing 1
common [`kOmqn] земля для общего пользования (отдыха)
branch of their family tree. Although everyone there 2
breeding ground благоприятная, благодатная почва
is involved in their own personal search, there is
3
tube [tjHb] метрополитен, подземка (в Лондоне)
4
mutter [mAtq] бормотание
still a sense of togetherness since everyone there 5
dim [dim] тусклый, неяркий; слабый
is involved in the same fascinating hobby of family 6
microfiche [`maikrq(u)fJS] микрофиша (карточка с несколькими
history. Did I say hobby? It may start like that - but кадрами микрофильма)
7
census [`sen(t)sqs] перепись; сбор сведений
it soon develops into an obsession! Pauline from 8
rogue [rqug] жулик, мошенник
Manchester 9
to mingle [`miNgl] смешиваться
10
cheek by jowl рядом, бок о бок
One of my favourites is Borough High Street, 11
nest [nest] притон
which is rich in history and character, where rogues8 12
to sport [spLt] разг. выставлять напоказ; щеголять
mingle9 cheek by jowl10 with City types and tour-
13
posh [pOS] брит. аристократический
14
to tether [`teDq] привязать (пасущееся животное)
ists. Where else could you find a nest11 of thieves 15
densely [`den(t)sli] густо, плотно
(Borough Market), literary history (The George Inn) 16
adjacent [q`Geis(q)nt] расположенный рядом, смежный

[1]
The Barbican Estate is a residential estate in the City of London, in an area densely15 packed with com-
merce and finance. It also contains, or is adjacent16 to, the Barbican Arts Centre, the Museum of London, the
Guildhall School of Music and Drama, the Barbican public library, the City of London School for Girls and a
YMCA, forming the Barbican Complex.
[2]
LSO - London Symphony Orchestra
[3]
RSC - Royal Society of Chemistry

September 2009 21
idioms

Cat Sayings
& Proverbs
To have kittens — терять терпение, не-
рвничать:
She nearly had kittens when she found
out that her younger son had climbed out
of his bedroom window onto the roof — Ее
чуть удар не хватил, когда она узнала,
что ее младший сын выбрался из окна
спальни на крышу
Company’s coming and Ma’s been having
kittens — Приезжают гости, и мать
сама не своя
She’d have kittens if she knew how much I
paid for this coat — У нее бы глаза на лоб
полезли, если бы она узнала, сколько я
заплатила за это пальто
She had kittens when she heard about
the wedding — Когда ей сказали о
свадьбе, она буквально онемела
I almost had kittens
I was so mad — Я
так разозлился,
что готов был
рвать и метать
When I heard
the news I had
kittens. I was
hacked! — Ког-
да я это ус-
лышал, я рас-
свирепел. Я
был вне себя
She had kittens
laughing about
it — Она чуть со
смеху не умерла
It was so funny I had
kittens laughing —
Было так смешно, что
я думал, что кончусь

The cat’s meow / whiskers / He thinks he’s the cat’s whiskers


pyjamas — первый сорт: — Он о себе высокого мнения
She was looking like the cat’s My new secretary thinks she’s
meow — У нее был сногсшиба- the cat’s whiskers though she’s
тельный вид nowhere near as good as the
It’s the cat’s meow — Обалдеть previous one — Моя новая сек-
можно ретарша мнит о себе черт
This stuff is really the cat’s meow знает что, хотя она в подмет-
— Это клевая вещь ки не годится той, что была у
This movie is the cat’s pajamas меня раньше
— Это потрясный фильм You look the cat’s whiskers, hon
Say, this stuff is the cat’s pajamas — Ты сегодня выглядишь вели-
— Какая клевая вещь, блин колепно, дорогая

22 September 2009 www.english4U.com.ua


idioms

A fat cat — “денежный мешок”, знамени- Council, in which a group of mice declare that Use cats to describe your
тость; “шишка”: the only way to avoid the dangerous cat is to tie feelings
I’m no fat cat. I’m usually financially a bell around its neck in order to give warning Sick as a сat: Cats are very
embarrassed in fact — Какой из меня бо- whenever it is near. One mouse then asks who prone to vomiting. Hence one is
гач? Я даже испытываю материальные will perform the dangerous task. The moral of said to “cat” or “to shoot the cat”
затруднения the story, as commonly given, is that it is easy
when vomiting.
Only fat cats got invitations to that show — На to suggest difficult (or impossible) solutions if
просмотр были приглашены только одни the individual giving the solution is not the one Nervous as a сat in a room full
знаменитости who has to implement it.) of rocking chairs: Nervous.
I don’t have a fat cat account in the bank — Like a сat on a hot tin roof:
Мой счет в банке довольно скромный To turn cat in the pan — стать перебежчи- Agitated.
ком
Looked like the cat that ate
Like a cat on hot bricks — “как кошка на рас- O, this precious Basil will turn cat in the pan
the canary: To look proud of
калённых кирпичах”; ≈ не по себе, не в своей with any man... — Ведь этот прекрасный
тарелке, как на угольях, как на иголках: Бэзил родного отца предаст... oneself.
You’re like a cat on hot bricks today. What’s When it became clear that Mr. Winch was
wrong? — Ты сегодня какой-то дерганый. going to lose his chairmanship, his secretary
Что случилось? turned a cat in pan and went off to a rival
company.— Когда стало ясно, что мистер
Like herding cats — сложно или невозмож- Уинч потеряет председательское место,
но (особенно если описываемое действие его секретарь немедленно переметнулся
относится к организации людей, групп, на сторону конкурирующей компании.
организаций, преследующих свои цели и
действующих индивидуально): To fight like Kilkenny cats — драться до
I have gotten three other people to agree to взаимного уничтожения, бороться не на
do it, but actually getting them in front of the жизнь, а на смерть
camera is like herding cats. Members of Parliament and ladies of fashion,
like himself and Fleur... now and then...
Let the cat out of the bag — проболтаться, going for each other like Kilkenny cats. (J.
проговориться, выдать секрет: Galsworthy, ‘The Silver Spoon’, part I, ch. XIV)
I’ve let the cat out of the bag already and I
might as well tell the whole thing now. — Я
уже проболталась и могу теперь расска- Complete phrases
зать вам обо всем. It’s raining cats and dogs — Дождь льёт как из ведра.
There are more than one way to skin a cat Look what the сat dragged in — Смотрите, кого
— есть много способов добиться своего; ≈ нелегкая принесла! или Посмотри, на кого он похож
свет не клином сошёлся: или Где же ты так вывалялся?!
I can marry the person I want, I guess. And if I Has the cat got your tongue? — ≈ вы что, язык
can’t do it here, well, there are more ways than проглотили? У тебя что, языка нет?
one to kill a cat. — Надо полагать, я смо- Not a cat in hell’s chance — нереально, невозможно.
гу выйти замуж за кого пожелаю. А если
не смогу сделать этого здесь - ну что ж,
свет не клином сошелся. — Члены парламента и светские женщи-
‘Does that mean our hands are tied?’ ‘Not at ны, как сам он и Флер... время от време- Proverbs
all. There are lots of ways of skinning a cat.’ ни... вцепляются друг в друга и дерутся не A сat in gloves catches no Mice: Not
— - Это значит, что у нас связаны руки? - на жизнь, а на смерть. getting what you want by being care-
Отнюдь. Есть много других способов доб- ful and polite. “в перчатках мышей не
раться до истины. Cat’s paw — марионетка, орудие в чьих-л. ловят”; ≈ без труда не вытащишь и
руках (в басне Лафонтена обезьяна застав- рыбки из пруда.
No room to swing a cat — очень тесно; ≈ ляет кота доставать из огня жареные каш-
повернуться негде, яблоку негде упасть: таны; кот обжигает себе лапы, а каштаны A сat can look at a king: No one is so
He found Joe in the liner in a little cabin with съедает обезьяна). important that an ordinary person can-
three other men where there was not room Sir Robert had began to suspect that his not look at him or her. Everyone can
to swing a cat. — Он нашел Джо в малень- neighbour had made a cat’s paw of him — Сэр be curious about important people; ≈
кой каюте лайнера. В ней, кроме Джо, Роберт начал подозревать, что его сосед смотреть ни на кого не возбраняется;
было еще трое, так что негде было по- вздумал загребать жар чужими руками. за просмотр денег не берут.
вернуться. All сats are grey in the dark: In the
To cat around — искать связь с проститут- dark, appearances are meaningless. ≈
To bell the cat — брать на себя инициати- ками или распутными женщинами. Ночью все кошки серы.
ву в рискованном предприятии (The phrase The guys want to get drunk and cat around —
comes from the Aesop’s Fable The Mice in Ребята хотят выпить и закадрить баб. What can you have of a сat but her
skin? Said of something that is useless
for any purpose but one. The cat’s fur
was used for trimming cloaks, etc., but
the flesh was no good for anything; ≈ ни
Enough to make a cat laugh — и мёртвого ‘They know I was hard up...’ ‘No, Charles, на что другое не годится; что с него
может рассмешить, ≈ хоть кого насмешит, that cat won’t jump.’ — - Они же знают, возьмёшь? с паршивой овцы хоть
животики надорвёшь (со смеху): что я нуждался... - Нет, Чарли, это не шерсти клок.
They are enough to make a cat laugh. — поможет.
Curiosity kills the cat: To warn people
Посмотрите на них: просто курам на смех!
not to show too much interest in af-
‘They talk of suicide here,’ he said at last, ‘That
fairs that don’t concern them; ≈ Много
That cat won’t jump — этот номер не пройдёт; cat won’t jump.’ — Говорят о самоубийстве,
будешь знать, скоро состаришься.
так дело не пойдёт но кто этому поверит?
Любопытной Варваре нос оторвали.

September 2009 23
VOCABULARY

by Carol King

Wardrobe
malfunctions 1

W
hen the season of beach outings and minimal clothes is in full blow, it’s quite
appropriate to talk about wardrobe malfunctions in order to avoid them.
In terms of street language the American nation may be considered one of
the most inventive in the world. In the previous issue you could have enjoyed
the creativity of ‘muffin tops’. This time we present to you the second crime of
modern fashion – ‘whale 2 tail’, which actually was selected by the American
Dialect Society (a group of linguists,
editors, and academics) in January 2006 as the
“most creative word” of 2005. Even now some
of us hear about it for the first time. Better late
than never. Check out our selection of clothing
controversies.

Whale tail
The whale tail is the shape formed when a thong3
or g-string4 rides up high over a woman’s trousers or
a skirt and is visible above the waistline of low-rise
jeans, shorts, or a skirt that resembles a whale’s tail.

Buttock cleavage
Buttock cleavage is minor expo-
sure of the buttocks and the glu-
teal7 cleft8 between them, often
because of low-slung trousers.

Example:
He had a buttock cleavage six
Examples: inches long above his jeans.
Young girls these days leave absolutely nothing to
the imagination. Just look at her whale tail! Synonyms
Plumber’s butt
This restaurant does not permit tie-dyes 5 or
Dagenham cleavage
whale tails.
Bum cleavage
That woman needed some darker pants, because
Coin slot9
you could see her whale tail right through them.
Butt crack
Gluteal cleft

Wedgie6 Lexicon
The terms plumber’s crack10 (Ca-
The condition of having one’s underpants or oth- nadian, Australian and American
er clothing uncomfortably stuck between the but- English), and builder’s bum11
tocks is called wedgie. (British English) refer to the ex-
posure of male buttock cleavage,
Example: especially on occasions of care-
There are less bending over. The expression
many famous “builder’s bum” was first recorded
wedgies! Look in 1988. The terms are based
at Paris Hilton on the popular impression that
picking a these professions are particularly
wedgie. prone12 to this kind of mishap13.

24 September 2009 www.english4U.com.ua


VOCABULARY

Panty line
A prominent, visible panty line or VPL
occurs when the outline of one’s under-
pants becomes visible through one’s
clothes. There may be a ridge 14 or de-
pression in the clothes, or the clothes
may be slightly see-through 15 .
Example:
Katie wears a thong so a panty line does not show.

Butt cheeks, ass cheeks, or glu-


teus maximus
Cheeks is a shape-metaphor within hu- Nipple slip
man anatomy, but also used in the singular:
left cheek and right cheek; sounds particu- Nipple slip (also nip slip) is the ac-
cidental exposure of a woman’s nip-
larly naughty because of the homonym and
ple in public. Nipple slip is one of
the adjective cheeky, lending themselves to
the commonest forms of wardrobe
word puns16. It refers to buttocks in general. malfunction and occurrences are
Wardrobe malfunction is flashing a piece of your butt cheek. popular among the paparazzi, and
Example: on celebrity gossip blogs and web-
Stepping out of her car she flashed an ass cheek. It was sites. Janet Jackson’s Super Bowl
sort of nice. wardrobe malfunction may be the
most well known nipple slip of all
Her legs and ass cheeks look amazing.
time, but Paris Hilton, Tara Reid,
Lindsay Lohan, and many other
Upskirt celebrities have endured17 or in
some cases apparently courted the
Upskirt is a slang term usually referring publicity. A nipple slip can, in some
to up skirt photography, images of the cases, be avoided with the use of
view up a woman’s skirt (as seen from lingerie tape.
underneath) skirt.
Example:
Example:
When Tara Reid was on the red car-
The scandalous recent upskirt of Paris Hil- pet, she experienced a nipple slip.
ton has been hitting the news lately.

Cameltoe
The appearance of a wedge in a womans genital region result-
ing from tight fitting clothes, that seems like a CAMEL’s toe is
called cameltoe. Also referred to as the “Ninja Foot.”

Example:
Jenny has cameltoe with her new leather pants.

Reference in popular media


The concept of a cameltoe has
been featured prominently in Amer-
ican entertainment media. In the
film The Weather Man, cameltoe
plays a major role in the movie’s
plot development: Nicolas Cage’s character, David Spritz, has an overweight
daughter who is chided 18 by classmates for her cameltoe, and David’s father
insists that David do something about it to help the girl’s self-esteem. Conan
O’Brien had a character named “Cameltoe Annie” billed as proof that not only men stuff their pants to
appear larger, as she was depicted as a woman with exaggerated genitalia. The film Superbad refers
to a male version of the cameltoe being something that females “go nuts for 19”. They then refer to it as
the “cameltail”. In males, the appearance is also possible by means of tight pants cleaving between the
testicles 20, and sometimes between the penis and one or both testicles, and is generally referred to as a
“mangina” or a “munt”. It is also simply referred to as a cameltoe. In some parts of Canada, this condition
is referred to as “mooseknuckle”.

1
wardrobe malfunction ["mxl`fANkS(q)n] случайный непорядок в одежде 11
bum [bAm] зад, задница
2
whale [(h)weil] кит 12
prone [prqun] склонный, предрасположенный
3
thong [TON] трусики “танга” 13
mishap [`mishxp] неудача; несчастный случай
4
g-string [`GJ"striN] трусики “танга” 14
ridge [riG] рубчик (на материи)
5
tie-dye «варёнка», одежда с разводами 15
see-through видимый насквозь, прозрачный
6
wedgie [`weGJ] бельё, врезавшееся между ягодиц 16
pun [pAn] игра слов
7
gluteal [`glHtiql] ягодичный 17
to endure [in`djuq] вынести, вытерпеть; выдержать
8
cleft [kleft] щель, углубление 18
to chide [tSaid] ругать, бранить; винить
9
coin slot отверстие для опускания монет 19
to go nuts for сходить с ума
10
crack [krxk] трещина, щель 20
testicle [`testikl] яичко

September 2009 25
BUSINESS ENGLISH

WAR Id i o m s
There are a lot of expressions used in business which
are borrowed from the army and from war. Here are some
examples:

•••

Y
ou can ‘gain ground’
on your competition. You can ‘set your sights on ‘
We’ve gained ground1 an objective.
in the Japanese market. I’ve set my sights on being the
We now have a 20% next sales manager.
market share, up from •••
just 7% last year. Often different departments of
••• a company have a ‘battle’ over
You ‘ don’t give up without budgets.
a fight.’ There isn’t much money and Ac-
I don’t think we should just with- counts and Marketing are having a big
draw the product because we have battle over the advertising budget.
such a poor share of the market. •••
Let’s not give up without a fight. Let’s Some people seem to do things
try some other marketing strategies. which make them look bad – they
are ‘their own worst enemy’.
Exercise 1 with the expressions.
••• Complete the sentences __________.
He’s always irritating the boss tion s in this company are a real ___
You may need to ‘reinforce’ 1. Industrial rela re of this market.
by being late for meetings. He’s ________________ mo
your marketing position. 2. We need to ______ ise you to ___ ___ ___ _____.
his own worst enemy. ry. I’d adv
Our sales team is doing badly 3. The boss is really ang atti tud e.
••• with his arrogant
against the competition 2. We 4. He upsets everybody
may need to reinforce 3 the team Most companies set ‘targets’ his ___ ___ ___ ___ _____.
He’s year.
for their employees. ___ ___ __ getting promoted this
with some new recruits. 5. I’ve _________ _ the num ber of people on tele-
Our target 7 this year is to in- ___ ___ ___
••• 6. We need to ______ .
crease sales by 10%. cope with the demand
You can ‘join forces 4’ with an- phone sales. We can’t
•••
other company. reinforce minefield
You can ‘capture 8’ a larger capture
In China, we’ve decided to join set my sight on ene my
share of a market. own worst
forces with a local company and keep your head down
set up a joint venture 5. We need to capture more of the
youth market.
••• ••• Exercise 2 with the expressions.
If you receive a lot of enquir- When businesses fail because Complete the sentences some markets.
ies 6, you can say you are ‘bom- ___ ___ __ on our competition in
of a poor economy, they can be 1. We’re ___ ___
ls from marketing com-
________ with cal
barded’ with them. said to be ‘casualties’. 2. I’m being _________
After our last radio campaign, They were a casualty 9 of the panies.
e up ______________.
we were bombarded with calls to last recession 10. 3. I don’t intend to giv are impossible to
_____ we’ve been set
our customer lines. 4. The ____________
••• If there are a lot of potential reach. hands if we want
______________ on our
If you don’t want your boss to problems in doing something, it 5. We’ve got a real ___
der.
notice you, it’s a good idea to can be described as a ‘minefield’. to become market lea _______ of the last
one of the _________
‘keep your head down’. The workers are very unhappy 6. I’m afraid he was
The boss is very angry. It would and so are the customers. Taking round of job cuts.
be a good idea to keep your head over 11 that company would be a
casualties bombarded
down for a few days. real minefield 12. targets gaining ground
withou t a figh t
battle
1
to gain ground [geIn] укреплять свои позиции; делать успехи
2
competition ["kOmpq`tIS(q)n] конкуренция
3
to reinforce ["rJIn`fLs] усиливать; укреплять
4
to join forces [GOIn] соединить силы; объединить усилия ANSWERS
5
joint venture [GOInt`venCq] совместное предприятие exercise 1
6
enquiries [In`kwaIqrIz] контактная информация; запросы 1. minefield; 2. capture; 3. keep your head down; 4. own worst enemy;
7
target [`tRgIt] цель; задание
8
to capture [`kxpCq] завоёвывать
5. set my sight on; 6. reinforce.
9
casualty [`kxZuqltI] выбывший из строя;
пострадавший от несчастного случая exercise 2
10
recession [rI`seS(q)n] экономический кризис 1. gaining ground; 2. bombarded; 3. without a fight; 4. targets; 5. battle;
11
to take over [teIk `quvq] принимать на себя ведение дел
6. casualties.
12
minefield [`maInfJld] минное поле

26 September 2009 www.english4U.com.ua


grammar

Apostrophes
“Do you think you know your apostrophes? Which Way is Right?
We DARE you to ace this quiz.”
Homonyms cause problems for many writers. Which of the fol-
lowing sentences is correct? Looks easy? A great many writ-
ers seeking publication don’t get it right.
1 The dog wagged ___ tail.
its its’ it’s its’s 1. a) They’re taking their manuscripts over there.
b) They taking their manuscripts over there.
2 ________ knocking at the door? c) There taking they’re manuscripts over their.
Whose’ Whose Who’s Whos’ d) They’re taking there manuscripts over there

3 ________ muddy footprints are all over the floor? 2. a) He will lose his hat if he isn’t careful.
Who’s Whose’s Whos’ Whose b) He will loose his mind if he isn’t careful.
c) Let loose the dogs of war!
4 What did Penny name her flower shop? d) He loosed the reins.
Penny’s Pansy’s Pennies Pansies
Penny’s Pansies Pennys Pansy’s 3. a) I hope renown is what you seek?
b) He is renowned for his collection.
5 Oh no, ___ Mr. Hands! c) He is renown for his courage.
its’s its it’s its’ d) This is a house of great renown.

4. a) “We’re going to town now,” he said.


6 Please include ___________ with your resume.
b) “Shall we go?” Asked Leila.
reference’s references references’ references’s c) “Let’s go to town now.” He said.
d) She said. “I want to go now.”
7 ___________________dog is digging up my lawn.
John’s mothers friend’s 5. a) The cat’s purred around my ankles.
John’s mother’s friend’s b) The Cats purred around my ankles.
John’s mothers friends c) The cats’ purred around my ankles.
Johns mothers friend’s d) The cats purred around my ankles.

8 8. His _______ are running loose. 6. a) She will lead the way up the hill.
dogses dog’s dogs dogs’ b) He lead the way down the steps.
c) I led the way home.
9 9. Dr. Fruitbat has ten ______ experience as d) Gold is heavier than lead.
a neurosurgeon.
Results know (sic) for his courage”.
years years’ year’s years’s
1. a) “They’re” is a contraction, mean- 4. a) A speech tag that is not written as
ing “they are”. A worrying proportion of a full, stand-alone, sentence, is part of
10 My neighbors, the ______, have a lot of ________ hopeful novelists use “There” instead. the dialogue sentence it supports.
in their front yard. “Their” is a possessive, meaning 5. d) It is incorrect to add an apos-
Bush’s, bush’s Bush’s, bushes “something that belongs to them”. (It trophe when using s to form a plural.
belongs to the series: my - your - his “Cat” is a common noun and needs
Bushes, bushes Bushes, bush’s
- her - its - our). a capital letter only if used to begin
2. b) “Lose” is a verb, always. “Loose” a sentence or if it occurs in a title of
is usually an adjective, but is occasion- a book, film etc. 6. b) Some people
Results 6. references: Plural of reference. ally a verb. To “loose” something is the seem to think that because read
1. its: This is an irregular posses- 7. John’s mother’s friend’s: All three same as to “let something loose”. It is (pronounced “red”) is the past tense
sive. words are possessive. not the same as losing (misplacing) of read (pronounced “reed”), then
2. Who’s: Think ‘who is’. 8. dogs: Plural noun again. something. “lead” (pronounced “led”) must be
3. Whose: An irregular possessive - 9. years’: The apostrophe would not 3. c) “Renown” is a noun. “Renowned” the past tense of lead (pronounced
one of those you just got to memorize! be used if you said ‘ten years OF ex- is an adjective derived from a verb. “leed”). This is not so. The past
4. Penny’s Pansies: ‘Penny’s’ is pos- perience’ To say “He is renown for his courage” tense of “lead” is “led”. “Lead”, (pro-
sessive; ‘Pansies’ is a plural noun. 10. Bushes, bushes: Plural nouns is as ungrammatical as saying “He is nunced “led”) is a metal.
5. it’s: Think ‘it is’. hardly ever have apostrophes.

September 2009 27
lifeup

Riddles 23
I’m where yesterday follows today, and
tomorrow’s in the middle. What am I?

24
From the beginning of eternity11
To the end of time and space
To the beginning of every end
And the end of every place.
What am I?
1 What gets wetter and wetter the more it
dries? 13
No sooner spoken than broken.
What is it?
25
It is said among my people that some
things are improved by death. Tell me,
2
You throw away the outside and cook
the inside. Then you eat the outside and 14 A certain crime is punishable if at-
tempted but not punishable if commit-
what stinks 12 while living but in death smells
good?
throw away the inside. What did you eat? ted 2. What is it?

26 All about, but cannot be seen,


3 What goes up and down the stairs with-
out moving? 15 You use a knife to slice 3 my head and
weep beside me when I am dead.
Can be captured13, cannot be held,
No throat14, but can be heard.
What am I? What is it?
4 What can you catch but not throw?

I can run but not walk. Wherever I go,


16 I’m the part of the bird that’s not in the
sky. I can swim in the ocean and yet re- 27
If a man carried my burden,

5 thought follows close behind. What am I? main dry. What am I?


He would break his back.
I am not rich,
But I leave silver in my track15.
6
What goes around the world but stays
in a corner? 17 I am mother and father, but never birth
or nurse4. I’m rarely still5, but I never
What am I?

wander6. What am I?
28
Glittering points16 that downward thrust17,
7 I have holes in my top and bottom, my Sparkling spears18 that never rust19.
left and right, and in the middle. But I
still hold water. What am I? 18 I went into the woods and got it. I sat
down to seek it. I brought it home with
What is it?

me because I couldn’t find it. What is it?


29
My life can be measured in hours;

8
Give me food, and I will live; give me I serve by being devoured20.
water, and I will die. What am I?
19 I am weightless, but you can see me. Put
me in a bucket7, and I’ll make it lighter.
Thin, I am quick; fat, I am slow.
Wind is my foe21.
9 The man who invented it doesn’t want
it. The man who bought it doesn’t need
What am I?

What am I?

it. The man who needs it doesn’t know it.


What is it? 20 I’m light as a feather, yet the strongest
man can’t hold me for much more than Answers
a minute. What am I? 1) A towel; 2. An ear of corn; or a chick-
I
10 run over fields and woods all day. Un- en. 3. A rug; 4. A cold; 5. A nose; 6. A
der the bed1 at night I sit not alone. My
tongue hangs out, up and to the rear, awaiting 21 I am the black child of a white fa-
ther, a wingless bird, flying even to
stamp; 7. A sponge; 8. Fire; 9. A coffin;
10. A shoe; 11. A tissue; or A wave; 12.
to be filled in the morning. What am I? the clouds of heaven. I give birth to tears A river; 13. Silence; or A secret; 14. Sui-
of mourning 8 in pupils that meet me, even cide; or Coup d’etat; 15. An onion; 16. A
11 Throw it off the highest building, and I’ll
not break. But put me in the ocean, and
though there is no cause for grief, and at
once on my birth I am dissolved 9 into air.
shadow; 17. A tree; 18. A splinter; 19. A
hole; 20. Breath; 21. Smoke; 22. Stars;
I will. What am I? What am I? or Dreams; 23. A dictionary; 24. The
letter ‘e’; 25. A pig; 26. The wind; 27. A
12
What can run but never walks, has a At night they come without being
mouth but never talks, has a head but 22 fetched10, and by day they are lost
snail; 28. An icicle; 29. A candle.

never weeps, has a bed but never sleeps? without being stolen. What are they?

1
bed [bed] русло (реки, лавы)
2
to commit [kq`mIt] совершать (преступление и т. п.)
3
to slice [slaIs] нарезать ломтиками
4
to nurse [nWs] кормить грудью
5
still [stIl] неподвижный; спокойный
6
to wander [`wPndq] бродить; странствовать
7
bucket [`bAkIt] ведро
8
mourning [`mLnIN] печаль; горе; скорбь; плач;
рыдание; траур
9
to dissolve [dI`zPlv] растворяться
10
to fetch [feC] сходить за (кем-либо); принести
11
eternity [I`tWnItI] вечность
12
to stink [stINk] вонять; плохо пахнуть
13
to capture [`kxpCq] взять в плен; захватить
14
throat [Trqut] горло
15
track [trxk] след
16
point [pOInt] кончик; острый конец
17
to thrust [TrAst] вонзать; упираться
18
spear [spIq] копье; острота
19
to rust [rAst] ржаветь
20
to devour [dI`vauq] пожирать; поглощать
21
foe [fqu] недруг; поэт. враг; противник

28 September 2009
September 2009 www.english4U.com.ua
www.english4U.com.ua
cinema

Anticipating1 Burton’s
Alice in Wonderland
Y
ou might have gone “We finished shooting in De- Anne Hathaway will play the ham Carter’s Red Queen, whose
down the rabbit hole cember after only 40 days,” Za- White Queen while other roles favorite retort is “Off with their
before. But never with nuck says. Now the live action is include Stephen Fry (A Bit of Fry heads,” has a moat10 filled with
a guide quite as at- being merged with CG animation and Laurie, Jeeves and Wooster) bobbing noggins11), but Zanuck
tuned 2 to the fantastic and motion-capture creatures, as the Cheshire Cat and Michael assures most kids can handle it.
as Tim Burton. and then transferred into 3-D. Sheen (The Queen, Frost/Nixon) “The book itself is pretty dark,”
Those who have Burton’s Alice In Wonderland as the White Rabbit . he notes. “This is for little people
grown curiouser and curiouser will be more akin 6 to a sequel There is the usual Burton-esque and people who read it when they
about what the offbeat 3 reinven- than a straight re-telling of Lewis ghoulishness9 (Helena Bon- were little 50 years ago.”
tor of Charlie and the Chocolate Carroll’s story, reports USA To-
Factory might conjure up 4 in his day. It says the plot will see an
version of Alice in Wonderland older Alice falling back down the
can feast their eyes on this array rabbit hole several years after
of concept art and publicity im- her original adventures.
ages, due to hang in movie the- Among those who welcome her
aters this week to promote the back is the Mad Hatter, a part tai-
March 5, 2010, release. lor-made for Johnny Depp as he
“It has been Burton-ized” is collaborates with Burton for the
how producer Richard Zanuck seventh time. “This character is
describes the director’s vision of off his rocker,” Zanuck says.
the Lewis Carroll classic. Many Aussie actress Mia Wasikows-
elements are familiar, from the ka, 19, best known for HBO’s In
enigmatic Caterpillar (Alan Rick- Treatment, has the coveted 7 title
man) to the fierce 5 Jabberwock role. “There is something real,
(Christopher Lee). But none has honest and sincere about her,” Plot
been presented in this sort of vi- Zanuck says. “She’s not a typical
The traditional tale has been freshened with a blast of girl
sually surreal fashion. Hollywood starlet 8.”
power, courtesy 12 of writer Linda Woolverton (Beauty and the
Beast). Alice, 17, attends a party at a Victorian estate only
The Disney movie will mix live ac- to find she is about to be proposed to in front of hundreds of
tion and animation and will be re- snooty 13 society types. Off she runs, following a white rabbit
into a hole and ending up in Wonderland, a place she visited
leased in 3D on March 5, 2010. 10 years before yet doesn’t remember.

1
to anticipate [xn`tisipeit] предвкушать 8
starlet [`stRlqt] старлетка (молодая актриса на второстепенных
2
to attune [q`tjHn] подготавливать, приспосабливать ролях, мечтающая прославиться)
3
offbeat ["Of`bJt] оригинальный, необычный 9
ghoulishness [`gHliSnqs] дьявольщина, мерзость
4
to conjure up [`kAnGq] сделать как по волшебству; сотворить чудо 10
moat [mqut] ров с водой
5
fierce [fiqs] жестокий, свирепый; агрессивный, драчливый 11
noggin [`nOgin] голова, башка
6
akin [q`kin] сходный, такой же как 12
courtesy [`kWtqsi] вежливость, любезность
7
to covet [`kAvit] жаждать, сильно желать 13
snooty [`snHti] заносчивый, надменный; самовлюблённый

September
September 2009
2009 29
29
fiction

by Lewis Carroll
Alice’s adventures
in Wonderland

Model: Anna Pupchenko


Photo: Ilya Ratman
Сhapter v This sounded promising, cer-
tainly: Alice turned and came
the young man said,
`And your hair has become
back again. very white;
Advice from a Caterpillar `Keep your temper 8,’ said the And yet you incessantly 11
Caterpillar. stand on your head –

T
he Caterpillar 1 and found it so yet,’ said Alice; `but `Is that all?’ said Alice, swal- Do you think, at your age, it
Alice looked at each when you have to turn into a lowing down 9 her anger as is right?’
other for some time chrysalis 5 – you will some day, well as she could. `In my youth,’ Father William
in silence: at last the you know – and then after that `No,’ said the Caterpillar. replied to his son,
Caterpillar took the into a butterfly, I should think Alice thought she might as `I feared it might injure the
hookah 2 out of its you’ll feel it a little queer 6, won’t well wait, as she had nothing brain;
mouth, and addressed you?’ else to do, and perhaps after But, now that I’m perfectly
her in a languid 3, sleepy voice. `Not a bit,’ said the Caterpil- all it might tell her something sure I have none,
`Who are YOU?’ said the Cat- lar. worth hearing. For some min- Why, I do it again and again.’
erpillar. `Well, perhaps your feelings utes it puffed away without
This was not an encouraging may be different,’ said Alice;`all speaking, but at last it unfolded `You are old,’ said the youth,
opening for a conversation. Al- I know is, it would feel very its arms, took the hookah out of `as I mentioned before,
ice replied, rather shyly, `I – I queer to ME.’ its mouth again, and said, `So And have grown most uncom-
hardly know, sir, just at present `You!’ said the Caterpillar con- you think you’re changed, do monly fat;
– at least I know who I WAS temptuously. `Who are YOU?’ you?’ Yet you turned a back-somer-
when I got up this morning, but I Which brought them back `I’m afraid I am, sir,’ said Al- sault in at the door –
think I must have been changed again to the beginning of the ice; `I can’t remember things as Pray, what is the reason of
several times since then.’ conversation. Alice felt a little ir- I used – and I don’t keep the that?’
`What do you mean by ritated at the Caterpillar’s mak- same size for ten minutes to-
that?’ said the Caterpillar ing such VERY short remarks, gether!’ `In my youth,’ said the sage 12,
sternly 4.`Explain yourself!’ and she drew herself up and `Can’t remember WHAT as he shook his grey locks,
`I can’t explain MYSELF, I’m said, very gravely 7, `I think, things?’ said the Caterpillar. `I kept all my limbs very sup-
afraid, sir’ said Alice, `because you out to tell me who YOU are, `Well, I’ve tried to say “HOW ple
I’m not myself, you see.’ first.’ DOTH 10 THE LITTLE BUSY By the use of this ointment 13
`I don’t see,’ said the Cater- `Why?’ said the Caterpillar. BEE,” but it all came different!’ – one shilling 14 the box –
pillar. Here was another puzzling Alice replied in a very melan- Allow me to sell you a cou-
`I’m afraid I can’t put it more question; and as Alice could not choly voice. ple?’
clearly,’ Alice replied very po- think of any good reason, and `Repeat, “YOU ARE OLD,
litely, `for I can’t understand it as the Caterpillar seemed to be FATHER WILLIAM,”’ said the `You are old,’ said the youth,
myself to begin with; and being in a VERY unpleasant state of Caterpillar. `and your jaws are too weak
so many different sizes in a day mind, she turned away. Alice folded her hands, and For anything tougher than
is very confusing.’ `Come back!’ the Caterpillar began: – suet 15;
`It isn’t,’ said the Caterpillar. called after her. `I’ve something Yet you finished the goose,
`Well, perhaps you haven’t important to say!’ `You are old, Father William,’ with the bones and the beak 16 –
30 September 2009 www.english4U.com.ua
fiction

Pray how did you manage to erpillar. Alice remained looking `What CAN all that green stuff
do it?’ Alice said nothing: she had thoughtfully at the mushroom be?’ said Alice. `And where
`In my youth,’ said his father, never been so much contra- for a minute, trying to make HAVE my shoulders got to? And
`I took to the law, dicted 19 in her life before, and out which were the two sides oh, my poor hands, how is it I
And argued each case with she felt that she was losing her of it; and as it was perfectly can’t see you?’ She was moving
my wife; temper. round, she found this a very them about as she spoke, but
And the muscular strength, `Are you content 20 now?’ said difficult question. However, at no result seemed to follow, ex-
which it gave to my jaw, the Caterpillar. last she stretched her arms cept a little shaking among the
Has lasted the rest of my `Well, I should like to be a LIT- round it as far as they would distant green leaves.
life.’ TLE larger, sir, if you wouldn’t go, and broke off a bit of the As there seemed to be no
`You are old,’ said the youth, mind,’ said Alice: `three inches edge with each hand. chance of getting her hands up
`one would hardly suppose is such a wretched 21 height to `And now which is which?’ to her head, she tried to get her
That your eye was as steady be.’ she said to herself, and nib- head down to them, and was
as ever; `It is a very good height in- bled 25 a little of the right-hand delighted to find that her neck
Yet you balanced an eel 17 on deed!’ said the Caterpillar an- bit to try the effect: the next would bend about easily in any
the end of your nose – grily, rearing itself upright as it moment she felt a violent direction, like a serpent 30. She
What made you so awfully spoke (it was exactly three inch- blow 26 underneath her chin: it had just succeeded in curving
clever?’ es high). had struck her foot! it down into a graceful zigzag,
`But I’m not used to it!’ pleaded She was a good deal fright- and was going to dive in among
`I have answered three ques- poor Alice in a piteous 22 tone. ened by this very sudden the leaves, which she found to
tions, and that is enough,’ And she thought of herself, `I change, but she felt that there be nothing but the tops of the
Said his father; `don’t give wish the creatures wouldn’t be was no time to be lost, as she trees under which she had
yourself airs! so easily offended!’ was shrinking 27 rapidly; so she been wandering, when a sharp
Do you think I can listen all `You’ll get used to it in time,’ set to work at once to eat some hiss 31 made her draw back in
day to such stuff? said the Caterpillar; and it put of the other bit. Her chin was a hurry: a large pigeon 32 had
Be off, or I’ll kick you down the hookah into its mouth and pressed so closely against her flown into her face, and was
stairs!’ began smoking again. foot, that there was beating her violently with its
This time Alice waited patient- hardly room to open her wings.
`That is not said right,’ said ly until it chose to speak again. mouth; but she did it at last, and `Serpent!’ screamed the Pi-
the Caterpillar. In a minute or two the Caterpil- managed to swallow a morsel 28 geon.
`Not QUITE right, I’m afraid,’ lar took the hookah out of its of the lefthand bit. `I’m NOT a serpent!’ said Al-
said Alice, timidly 18; some of mouth and yawned 23 once or ice indignantly. `Let me alone!’
the words have got altered.’ twice, and shook itself. Then it ******* `Serpent, I say again!’ repeat-
`It is wrong from beginning to got down off the mushroom, and ed the Pigeon, but in a more
end,’ said the Caterpillar decid- crawled 24 away in the grass, `Come, my head’s free at subdued tone, and added with
edly, and there was silence for merely remarking as it went, last!’ said Alice in a tone of a kind of sob, `I’ve tried every
some minutes. `One side will make you grow delight, which changed into way, and nothing seems to suit
The Caterpillar was the first to taller, and the other side will alarm in another moment, them!’
speak. make you grow shorter.’ when she found that her `I haven’t the least idea what
`What size do you want to `One side of WHAT? The oth- shoulders were nowhere to be you’re talking about,’ said Al-
be?’ it asked. er side of WHAT?’ thought Alice found: all she could see, when ice.
`Oh, I’m not particular as to to herself. she looked down, was an im- `I’ve tried the roots of trees,
size,’ Alice hastily replied; `only `Of the mushroom,’ said the mense length of neck, which and I’ve tried banks, and I’ve
one doesn’t like changing so of- Caterpillar, just as if she had seemed to rise like a stalk 29 tried hedges 33,’ the Pigeon went
ten, you know.’ asked it aloud; and in another out of a sea of green leaves on, without attending to her;
`I DON’T know,’ said the Cat- moment it was out of sight. that lay far below her. `but those serpents! There’s no

1
caterpillar [`kxtqpilq] гусеница 13
ointment [`Ointmqnt] мазь, притирание
2
hookah [`hukq] кальян; наргиле 14
shilling [`SiliN] шиллинг (общее название для денежных единиц ряда стран)
3
languid [`lxNgwid] слабый; вялый 15
suet [`sHit] сало, жир
4
sternly [stWnlI] строго, сурово 16
beak [bJk] клюв
5
chrysalis [`kris(q)lis] хризалида, куколка насекомых 17
eel [Jl] угорь (морской)
6
queer [kwiq] странный, необычный 18
timidly [`timidlI] робко; застенчиво
7
gravely [`greivli] серьёзно, рассудительно 19
to contradict ["kOntrq`dikt] противоречить; возражать
8
temper [`tempq] характер, нрав 20
content [`kOntent] довольный, удовлетворенный
9
to swallow down [`swOlqu] глотать, проглатывать 21
wretched [`retSid] жалкий, никудышный
10
doth [dAT] устар. ед.настоящего времени гл. do 22
piteous [`pitiqs] жалкий, жалобный
11
incessantly [in`ses(q)ntli] непрерывно, постоянно, бесконечно 23
to yawn [jLn] зевать
12
sage [seiG] мудрец 24
to crawl [krLl] ползать; медленно, с трудом продвигаться

September 2009 31
fiction

pleasing them!’ `I – I’m a little girl,’ said Al- of adding, `You’re looking for self down to her usual height.
Alice was more and more puz- ice, rather doubtfully, as she eggs, I know THAT well enough; It was so long since she had
zled, but she thought there was remembered the number of and what does it matter to me been anything near the right
no use in saying anything more changes she had gone through whether you’re a little girl or a size, that it felt quite strange at
till the Pigeon had finished. that day. serpent?’ first; but she got used to it in a
`As if it wasn’t trouble enough `A likely story indeed!’ said `It matters a good deal to few minutes, and began talk-
hatching 34 the eggs,’ said the the Pigeon in a tone of the ME,’ said Alice hastily; `but I’m ing to herself, as usual. `Come,
Pigeon; `but I must be on the deepest contempt. `I’ve seen not looking for eggs, as it hap- there’s half my plan done now!
look-out for serpents night and a good many little girls in my pens; and if I was, I shouldn’t How puzzling all these changes
day! Why, I haven’t had a wink time, but never ONE with such want YOURS: I don’t like them are! I’m never sure what I’m go-
of sleep these three weeks!’ a neck as that! No, no! You’re raw 36.’ ing to be, from one minute to
`I’m very sorry you’ve been a serpent; and there’s no use `Well, be off, then!’ said the another! However, I’ve got back
annoyed,’ said Alice, who was denying it. I suppose you’ll be Pigeon in a sulky 37 tone, as it to my right size: the next thing
beginning to see its meaning. telling me next that you never settled down again into its nest. is, to get into that beautiful gar-
`And just as I’d taken the high- tasted an egg!’ Alice crouched down among the den – how IS that to be done, I
est tree in the wood,’ continued `I HAVE tasted eggs, certain- trees as well as she could, for wonder?’ As she said this, she
the Pigeon, raising its voice to ly,’ said Alice, who was a very her neck kept getting entan- came suddenly upon an open
a shriek 35, `and just as I was truthful child; `but little girls eat gled 38 among the branches, and place, with a little house in it
thinking I should be free of them eggs quite as much as serpents every now and then she had to about four feet high.
at last, they must needs come do, you know.’ stop and untwist it. After a while `Whoever lives there,’ thought
wriggling down from the sky! `I don’t believe it,’ said the Pi- she remembered that she still Alice, `it’ll never do to come
Ugh, Serpent!’ geon; `but if they do, why then held the pieces of mushroom in upon them THIS size: why, I
`But I’m NOT a serpent, I tell they’re a kind of serpent, that’s her hands, and she set to work should frighten them out of their
you!’ said Alice. `I’m a – I’m a all I can say.’ very carefully, nibbling first at wits!’ So she began nibbling at
–‘ This was such a new idea one and then at the other, and the righthand bit again, and did
`Well! WHAT are you?’ said to Alice, that she was quite si- growing sometimes taller and not venture 39 to go near the
the Pigeon. `I can see you’re lent for a minute or two, which sometimes shorter, until she house till she had brought her-
trying to invent something!’ gave the Pigeon the opportunity had succeeded in bringing her- self down to nine inches high.
25
to nibble [`nibl] откусывать, есть маленькими кусочками 33
hedge [heG] (живая) изгородь; ограда
26
blow [blqu] дуновение, порыв ветра; поток воздуха 34
to hatch [hxtS] высиживать (цыплят) ; насиживать (яйца)
27
to shrink [SrINk] уменьшаться 35
shriek [SrJk] пронзительный, резкий крик
28
morsel [`mLs(q)l] маленький кусочек (пищи) 36
raw [rL] сырой (о пище)
29
stalk [stLk] ствол 37
sulky [`sAlki] мрачный, надутый, угрюмый
30
serpent [`sWp(q)nt] змея (обычно большая) 38
entangled [in`txNgld] спутанный, переплетённый
31
hiss [his] шипение; свист 39
to venture [`ventSq] рисковать
32
pigeon [`piGqn] голубь

32 September 2009 www.english4U.com.ua


www.english4U.com.ua
nota bene

Где завод,
а где фабрика?
Н
е знаю как вам, но с самого Цех по производству резины на нашей с works, идет речь
детства я привык воспри- фабрике/заводе. об устоявшихся
нимать завод как понятие В британском и американском англий- словосочетаниях,
связанное с тяжелой про- ском самостоятельное использование которые описыва-
мышленностью: место, где слова plant, как, например, I work at a ют компании с мно-
выливают чугун или стоят plant - Я работаю на заводе, звучит не- говековой историей:
станки, и люди в касках и ру- много неказисто. Обычно в таком слу- steel mill - сталелитей-
кавицах меняются по сменам. Фабрика чае упоминается название компании: ный завод
всегда ассоциировалась в моем созна- e.g. I work at the GM plant in Oshawa. paper mill - фабрика по произ-
нии с текстильным производством, где В таком случае plant, n означает водству бумаги
вместо суровых сталеваров работают место, где производится данный про- cotto mill - фабрика по обработке
проворные женщины и выдают на-гора дукт. Оно не указывает на фирму, ко- хлопка
километры ткани или горы одежды… торой принадлежит. В переводе, в за-
Начав изучать английский, мое не- висимости от контекста, будет завод В качестве десерта добавлю, что
замысловатое восприятие производс- или цех (редко “отдел”). в английском языке есть также отде-
тва, разделенное на бинарные завод/ Запутал вас немного...Хорошая но- льные слова, описывающие некото-
фабрика, столкнулось с неожиданным вость в том, что plant, n, как и в рус- рые виды производства:
размножением на factory, plant, works, ском, имеет тенденцию описывать тя- shipyard, n - кораблестроительный
mill. Пришлось покопаться в слова- желую промышленность: завод
рях, поспрашивать знающих людей и, tractor plant / assembly plant - трактор- oil refinery, n - нефтеперерабатыва-
в конце концов, освоить новые поня- ный завод / сборочный завод (можно и ющий завод
тия, с которыми хочу вас познакомить цех :) ); automobile plant - автозавод. bakery, n - хлебозавод
в этом посте. Далее добавим слово works к наше- dairy, n - молокозавод
Factory, n – несмотря на перевод му коктейлю. В значении “завод” или brewery, n - пивозавод
данного слова как “фабрика”, озна- “фабрика” оно используется, в основ- distillery, n - ликероводочный завод
чает любое производственное место ном, в устоявшихся словосочетаниях:
компаний легкой и тяжелой промыш- chemical works - химзавод А в конце статьи для любителей
ленности. Я бы сказал, что factory steel works - сталелитейный завод выискивать разницу в значениях
– общее слово – описание производс- glass works - завод по производству между британским и американским
твенной территории. стекла английским добавлю, что американ-
e.g. There are a lot of factories in my brick works - кирпичный завод цы используют слово plant, n в общем
town. – В моем городе много заводов значении (как британцы - factory), а
и фабрик. Подводя черту, еще раз обобщу: также для описания оборудования
He is a factory worker. – Он работает factory, n - общее слово, применяе- (машины, станки, т.д.):
на заводе/фабрике. мое к любому типа производства; e.g. Despite good financial results
Стоит отметить, что такое употреб- plant, n - используется в более уз- over the year, the company was accused
ление слова присуще британскому ком значении (здание/цех/завод) и тя- of not investing in workers, plant and
английскому. Американцы предпочи- готеет к тяжелой промышленности; infrastructure.
тают использовать “plant” в таких же works, n pl - употребляется в устояв-
ситуациях. шихся выражениях. http://situationalenglish.blogspot.com
e.g. He wanted to visit a plant within Если возникают сомнения по поводу
his internship program. - Ему хотелось правильного использования, мой совет
посетить производство во время его - употребляйте factory и не ошибетесь.
стажировки. А теперь вспомним еще об одном
В британском английском plant слове - “mill, n”. Вы, наверное, знаете
часто означает здание фабрики или его основное значение “мельница”. Но
завода или цех. помимо него у слова есть также значе-
e.g. The rubber plant of our factory - ние фабрика/завод. Тут, как и в случае

September 2009 33
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1 Напишите самое короткое законченное


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2 В русском языке у швейной иголки есть «ушко»,
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охотник желает знать, где сидит фазан» получат бесплатных годо-
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адрес, на который, в случае ва-
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в) A bull in a china shop.
с) A bird in the hand is worth two in the bush.

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September 2009 35
36 September 2009 www.english4U.com.ua