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APPENDIX A

HYDRONIC SCHEMATIC SYMBOLS

T M
T
M

back flow preventer

back flow preventer floating air vent

floating air vent

swing check valve

swing check valve air separator

air separator

flow check valve

flow check valve 3 way mixing valve

3

way mixing valve

spring loaded check valve

D

valve 3 way mixing valve spring loaded check valve D diverting 3 way valve isolating valve

diverting 3 way valve

isolating valve

T

T

thermostatic 3 way valve

gate valve

M

M

motorized 3 way valve

globe valve

4

4

way mixing valve

thermostatic valve

motorized valve

M P
M
P

motorized 4 way valve

pressure gauge

A1

APPENDIX A

HYDRONIC SCHEMATIC SYMBOLS

pressure reducing valveAPPENDIX A HYDRONIC SCHEMATIC SYMBOLS pressure balancing bypass valve pressure relief valve drain valve manual air

pressure balancing bypass valveAPPENDIX A HYDRONIC SCHEMATIC SYMBOLS pressure reducing valve pressure relief valve drain valve manual air vent

pressure relief valvepressure reducing valve pressure balancing bypass valve drain valve manual air vent T temperature gauge T/P

drain valvevalve pressure balancing bypass valve pressure relief valve manual air vent T temperature gauge T/P thermo-pressure

manual air ventbalancing bypass valve pressure relief valve drain valve T temperature gauge T/P thermo-pressure gauge circulator

T

temperature gaugevalve pressure relief valve drain valve manual air vent T T/P thermo-pressure gauge circulator circulator with

T/P

valve drain valve manual air vent T temperature gauge T/P thermo-pressure gauge circulator circulator with isolating

thermo-pressure gauge

circulatorvalve manual air vent T temperature gauge T/P thermo-pressure gauge circulator with isolating flanges expansion tank

air vent T temperature gauge T/P thermo-pressure gauge circulator circulator with isolating flanges expansion tank A2

circulator with isolating flanges

expansion tank

A2

APPENDIX A

HYDRONIC SCHEMATIC SYMBOLS

heat exchangerAPPENDIX A HYDRONIC SCHEMATIC SYMBOLS radiator base board P supply boiler B return hot out water

APPENDIX A HYDRONIC SCHEMATIC SYMBOLS heat exchanger radiator base board P supply boiler B return hot

radiator

base boardAPPENDIX A HYDRONIC SCHEMATIC SYMBOLS heat exchanger radiator P supply boiler B return hot out water

P supply boiler B return hot out water heater WH cold in hot out indirect
P
supply
boiler
B
return
hot out
water heater
WH
cold in
hot out
indirect water
heater
indirect
WH
cold in
WH cold in hot out indirect water heater indirect WH cold in fan coil radiant floor

fan coil

radiant floor pipinghot out water heater WH cold in hot out indirect water heater indirect WH cold in

WH cold in hot out indirect water heater indirect WH cold in fan coil radiant floor

manifold set

A3

APPENDIX A

HYDRONIC SCHEMATIC SYMBOLS

supply manifold return manifold balancing, flow indicator manifold with balancing valves plain manifold manifold with
supply manifold
return manifold balancing, flow indicator
manifold with balancing valves
plain manifold
manifold with actuator valves
indicator manifold with balancing valves plain manifold manifold with actuator valves manifold with isolating valves A4

manifold with isolating valves

A4

APPENDIX A

ELECTRICAL SYMBOLS

thermostatAPPENDIX A ELECTRICAL SYMBOLS valve actuator (power head) sensor electrical heating element valve actuator (power head)

valve actuator (power head)APPENDIX A ELECTRICAL SYMBOLS thermostat sensor electrical heating element valve actuator (power head) with end switch

sensor electrical heating element
sensor
electrical heating element

valve actuator (power head) with end switchactuator (power head) sensor electrical heating element MIXING CONTROL controller combination snow/ice sensor

MIXING CONTROL
MIXING
CONTROL

controller

combination snow/ice sensor

transformer

single switch

temperature sensitive switch

A5

APPENDIX A

CONTROL PANEL SCHEMATIC SYMBOLS

injection mixing control panel recirculating zone control panel recirculating zone control panel with expansion
injection
mixing control
panel
recirculating
zone control
panel
recirculating
zone control
panel with
expansion tank
control panel
with heat
exchanger
floor warming
control panel
multi zone
manifold
station

manifold

station with

circulator

manifold

station

snowmelt /

industrial

control panel

injection

mixing

secondary

control panel

isolation

module

A6

APPENDIX B

HEAD LOSS CALCULATIONS FOR XPA PIPE AND PEX TUBING

The following Appendix provides head loss information for XPA pipe and PEX tubing over a range of flow rates and liquid temperatures. Tables have been developed for 100% water as well as for a range of glycol/water mixtures typically used in hydronic systems. For operating conditions not covered by the following tables contact IPEX for further information.

IPEX follows ASHRAE principles for head loss calculation. In particular, the Friction Factor formula used is a function of the Reynold’s Number - see below.

friction factor

 

= 0.3164 / Re#^0.25

= 0.0032 + 0.221 / Re#^0.237

Reynolds #

velocity (ft/sec)

 

head loss (m)

H = f (L/D) (v^2 / 2g)

 

Re# = v d D / u

 

v

= velocity

v

= velocity

L

= length

 

= inside diameter D = density

d

D = diameter

f = friction factor

u

= viscosity

g = 9.81

 
       

3/8" XPA Pipe / 10% Glycol / 80 Deg F (27 Deg C)

       
         
                   
 
                   
 
                   
   
                   
 

Diameter

Flowrate

Density

Viscosity

Reynolds

Friction

Loss / 100ft

Velocity

Flowrate

Loss /100m

Head Loss

Velocity

inch

GPM

kg/m 3

10 6 Pa s

Number

Factor

PSI

ft/s

L / min

kPa

 

m

m / s

0.346

0.1

1004

 

1200

764.7

0.0837

0.23

0.34

0.39

5.17

0.00

0.10

0.346

0.2

1004

1200

1529.5

0.0418

0.46

0.68

0.78

10.3

0.00

0.21

0.346

0.3

1004

1200

2294.2

0.0279

0.69

1.02

1.17

15.5

0.00

0.31

0.346

0.4

1004

1200

3059.0

0.0425

1.86

1.36

1.56

42.0

0.01

0.42

0.346

0.5

1004

1200

3823.7

0.0402

2.74

1.71

1.95

62.1

0.02

0.52

0.346

0.6

1004

1200

4588.4

0.0384

3.78

2.05

2.33

85.4

0.03

0.62

0.346

0.7

1004

1200

5353.2

0.0369

4.94

2.39

2.72

112

0.03

0.73

0.346

0.8

1004

1200

6117.9

0.0357

6.25

2.73

3.11

141

0.04

0.83

0.346

0.9

1004

1200

6882.7

0.0347

7.68

3.07

3.50

174

0.05

0.94

0.346

1.0

1004

1200

7647.4

0.0338

9.23

3.41

3.89

209

0.06

1.04

0.346

1.1

1004

1200

8412.2

0.0330

10.9

3.75

4.28

247

0.08

1.14

0.346

1.2

1004

1200

9176.9

0.0323

12.7

4.09

4.67

287

0.09

1.25

0.346

1.3

1004

1200

9941.6

0.0281

13.0

4.44

5.06

294

0.09

1.35

0.346

1.4

1004

1200

10706.4

0.0277

14.8

4.78

5.45

336

0.10

1.46

0.346

1.5

1004

1200

11471.1

 

0.0273

16.8

5.12

5.84

380

0.12

1.56

0.346

1.6

1004

1200

12235.9

0.0269

18.8

5.46

6.22

426

0.13

1.66

0.346

1.7

1004

1200

13000.6

0.0266

21.0

5.80

6.61

475

0.15

1.77

0.346

1.8

1004

1200

13765.3

0.0263

23.3

6.14

7.00

526

0.16

1.87

0.346

1.9

1004

1200

14530.1

 

0.0260

25.6

6.48

7.39

580

0.18

1.98

0.346

2.0

1004

1200

15294.8

0.0257

28.1

6.82

7.78

636

0.20

2.08

B1

APPENDIX B

3/8" XPA Pipe / 100% Water / 80 Deg F (27 Deg C)

HEAD LOSS - 3/8" XPA PIPE 100% Water

3/8" XPA Pipe / 100% Water / 140 Deg F (60 Deg C)

Flowrate

Loss per 100ft

Velocity

Flowrate

Loss per 100m

Velocity

Flowrate

Loss per 100ft

Velocity

Flowrate

Loss per 100m

Velocity

GPM

PSI

ft/s

L

/ min

kPa

m

/ s

GPM

PSI

ft/s

L

/ min

kPa

m

/ s

0.1

0.16

0.34

0.39

3.73

0.10

0.1

0.09

0.34

 

0.39

2.10

0.10

0.2

0.33

0.68

0.78

7.45

0.21

0.2

0.43

0.68

0.78

9.81

0.21

0.3

1.03

1.02

1.17

23.3

0.31

0.3

0.88

1.02

1.17

20.0

0.31

0.4

1.70

1.36

1.56

38.5

0.42

0.4

1.46

1.36

1.56

33.0

0.42

0.5

2.51

1.71

1.95

56.9

0.52

0.5

2.16

1.71

1.95

48.8

0.52

0.6

3.46

2.05

2.33

78.3

0.62

0.6

2.65

2.05

2.33

59.9

0.62

0.7

4.53

2.39

2.72

102

0.73

0.7

3.49

2.39

2.72

79.0

0.73

0.8

5.72

2.73

3.11

129

0.83

0.8

4.44

2.73

3.11

100

0.83

0.9

7.03

3.07

3.50

159

0.94

0.9

5.48

3.07

3.50

124

0.94

1.0

7.54

3.41

3.89

171

1.04

1.0

6.62

3.41

3.89

150

1.04

1.1

8.94

3.75

4.28

202

1.14

1.1

7.85

3.75

4.28

178

1.14

1.2

10.5

4.09

4.67

236

1.25

1.2

9.18

4.09

4.67

208

1.25

1.3

12.1

4.44

5.06

273

1.35

1.3

10.6

4.44

5.06

240

1.35

1.4

13.8

4.78

5.45

312

1.46

1.4

12.1

4.78

5.45

274

1.46

1.5

15.6

5.12

5.84

353

1.56

1.5

13.7

5.12

5.84

310

1.56

1.6

17.5

5.46

6.22

396

1.66

1.6

15.4

5.46

6.22

348

1.66

1.7

19.5

5.80

6.61

441

1.77

1.7

17.2

5.80

6.61

388

1.77

1.8

21.6

6.14

7.00

489

1.87

1.8

19.0

6.14

7.00

430

1.87

1.9

23.8

6.48

7.39

539

1.98

1.9

21.0

6.48

7.39

474

1.98

2.0

26.1

6.82

7.78

591

2.08

2.0

23.0

6.82

7.78

520

2.08

 

3/8" XPA Pipe / 100% Water / 100 Deg F (38 Deg C)

 

3/8" XPA Pipe / 100% Water / 160 Deg F (71 Deg C)

 

Flowrate

Loss per 100ft

Velocity

Flowrate

Loss per 100m

Velocity

Flowrate

Loss per 100ft

Velocity

Flowrate

Loss per 100m

Velocity

GPM

PSI

ft/s

L

/ min

kPa

m

/ s

GPM

PSI

ft/s

L

/ min

kPa

m

/ s

0.1

0.13

0.34

0.39

2.95

0.10

0.1

0.08

0.34

 

0.39

1.72

0.10

0.2

0.26

0.68

0.78

5.90

0.21

0.2

0.41

0.68

0.78

9.30

0.21

0.3

0.97

1.02

1.17

21.89

0.31

0.3

0.84

1.02

1.17

18.9

0.31

0.4

1.60

1.36

1.56

36.2

0.42

0.4

1.38

1.36

1.56

31.3

0.42

0.5

2.37

1.71

1.95

53.5

0.52

0.5

1.83

1.71

1.95

41.3

0.52

0.6

3.25

2.05

2.33

73.6

0.62

0.6

2.53

2.05

2.33

57.2

0.62

0.7

4.26

2.39

2.72

96.4

0.73

0.7

3.34

2.39

2.72

75.5

0.73

0.8

4.80

2.73

3.11

109

0.83

0.8

4.24

2.73

3.11

95.9

0.83

0.9

5.93

3.07

3.50

134

0.94

0.9

5.24

3.07

3.50

118

0.94

1.0

7.16

3.41

3.89

162

1.04

1.0

6.33

3.41

3.89

143

1.04

1.1

8.49

3.75

4.28

192

1.14

1.1

7.51

3.75

4.28

170

1.14

1.2

9.93

4.09

4.67

225

1.25

1.2

8.77

4.09

4.67

198

1.25

1.3

11.5

4.44

5.06

259

1.35

1.3

10.1

4.44

5.06

229

1.35

1.4

13.1

4.78

5.45

296

1.46

1.4

11.6

4.78

5.45

262

1.46

1.5

14.8

5.12

5.84

335

1.56

1.5

13.1

5.12

5.84

296

1.56

1.6

16.6

5.46

6.22

376

1.66

1.6

14.7

5.46

6.22

333

1.66

1.7

18.5

5.80

6.61

419

1.77

1.7

16.4

5.80

6.61

371

1.77

1.8

20.5

6.14

7.00

465

1.87

1.8

18.2

6.14

7.00

411

1.87

1.9

22.6

6.48

7.39

512

1.98

1.9

20.0

6.48

7.39

453

1.98

2.0

24.8

6.82

7.78

561

2.08

2.0

22.0

6.82

7.78

497

2.08

 

3/8" XPA Pipe / 100% Water / 120 Deg F (49 Deg C)

 

3/8" XPA Pipe / 100% Water / 180 Deg F (82 Deg C)

 

Flowrate

Loss per 100ft

Velocity

Flowrate

Loss per 100m

Velocity

Flowrate

Loss per 100ft

Velocity

Flowrate

Loss per 100m

Velocity

GPM

PSI

ft/s

L

/ min

kPa

m

/ s

GPM

PSI

ft/s

L

/ min

kPa

m

/ s

0.1

0.11

0.34

0.39

2.41

0.10

0.1

0.07

0.34

 

0.39

1.49

0.10

0.2

0.45

0.68

0.78

10.2

0.21

0.2

0.39

0.68

0.78

8.92

0.21

0.3

0.92

1.02

1.17

20.7

0.31

0.3

0.80

1.02

1.17

18.1

0.31

0.4

1.52

1.36

1.56

34.3

0.42

0.4

1.18

1.36

1.56

26.7

0.42

0.5

2.24

1.71

1.95

50.7

0.52

0.5

1.76

1.71

1.95

39.8

0.52

0.6

3.08

2.05

2.33

69.7

0.62

0.6

2.44

2.05

2.33

55.2

0.62

0.7

3.61

2.39

2.72

81.7

0.73

0.7

3.22

2.39

2.72

72.8

0.73

0.8

4.58

2.73

3.11

104

0.83

0.8

4.09

2.73

3.11

92.5

0.83

0.9

5.66

3.07

3.50

128

0.94

0.9

5.05

3.07

3.50

114

0.94

1.0

6.84

3.41

3.89

155

1.04

1.0

6.10

3.41

3.89

138

1.04

1.1

8.11

3.75

4.28

184

1.14

1.1

7.24

3.75

4.28

164

1.14

1.2

9.48

4.09

4.67

215

1.25

1.2

8.47

4.09

4.67

192

1.25

1.3

10.9

4.44

5.06

248

1.35

1.3

9.78

4.44

5.06

221

1.35

1.4

12.5

4.78

5.45

283

1.46

1.4

11.2

4.78

5.45

253

1.46

1.5

14.2

5.12

5.84

320

1.56

1.5

12.7

5.12

5.84

286

1.56

1.6

15.9

5.46

6.22

360

1.66

1.6

14.2

5.46

6.22

321

1.66

1.7

17.7

5.80

6.61

401

1.77

1.7

15.8

5.80

6.61

358

1.77

1.8

19.6

6.14

7.00

444

1.87

1.8

17.6

6.14

7.00

397

1.87

1.9

21.6

6.48

7.39

490

1.98

1.9

19.4

6.48

7.39

438

1.98

2.0

23.7

6.82

7.78

537

2.08

2.0

21.2

6.82

7.78

480

2.08

B2

APPENDIX B

1/2" XPA Pipe / 100% Water / 80 Deg F (27 Deg C)

HEAD LOSS - 1/2" XPA PIPE 100% Water

1/2" XPA Pipe / 100% Water / 140 Deg F (60 Deg C)

Flowrate

Loss per 100ft

Velocity

Flowrate

Loss per 100m

Velocity

Flowrate

Loss per 100ft

Velocity

Flowrate

Loss per 100m

Velocity

GPM

PSI

ft/s

L

/ min

kPa

m

/ s

GPM

PSI

ft/s

L

/ min

kPa

m

/ s

0.1

0.04

0.16

0.39

0.85

0.05

0.1

0.02

0.16

 

0.39

0.48

0.05

0.2

0.08

0.33

0.78

1.71

0.10

0.2

0.04

0.33

0.78

0.96

0.10

0.3

0.11

0.49

1.17

2.56

0.15

0.3

0.15

0.49

1.17

3.47

0.15

0.4

0.30

0.65

1.56

6.70

0.20

0.4

0.25

0.65

1.56

5.74

0.20

0.5

0.44

0.82

1.95

9.90

0.25

0.5

0.38

0.82

1.95

8.49

0.25

0.6

0.60

0.98

2.33

13.6

0.30

0.6

0.52

0.98

2.33

11.7

0.30

0.7

0.79

1.14

2.72

17.8

0.35

0.7

0.68

1.14

2.72

15.3

0.35

0.8

1.00

1.31

3.11

22.5

0.40

0.8

0.76

1.31

3.11

17.2

0.40

0.9

1.22

1.47

3.50

27.7

0.45

0.9

0.94

1.47

3.50

21.2

0.45

1.0

1.47

1.63

3.89

33.3

0.50

1.0

1.13

1.63

3.89

25.6

0.50

1.1

1.74

1.80

4.28

39.3

0.55

1.1

1.34

1.80

4.28

30.4

0.55

1.2

2.02

1.96

4.67

45.8

0.60

1.2

1.57

1.96

4.67

35.6

0.60

1.3

2.33

2.12

5.06

52.7

0.65

1.3

1.81

2.12

5.06

41.0

0.65

1.4

2.36

2.29

5.45

53.4

0.70

1.4

2.07

2.29

5.45

46.9

0.70

1.5

2.67

2.45

5.84

60.4

0.75

1.5

2.35

2.45

5.84

53.0

0.75

1.6

3.00

2.61

6.22

67.8

0.80

1.6

2.63

2.61

6.22

59.6

0.80

1.7

3.34

2.78

6.61

75.6

0.85

1.7

2.94

2.78

6.61

66.4

0.85

1.8

3.70

2.94

7.00

83.8

0.90

1.8

3.25

2.94

7.00

73.6

0.90

1.9

4.08

3.10

7.39

92.3

0.95

1.9

3.58

3.10

7.39

81.1

0.95

2.0

4.47

3.27

7.78

101

1.00

2.0

3.93

3.27

7.78

88.9

1.00

 

1/2" XPA Pipe / 100% Water / 100 Deg F (38 Deg C)

 

1/2" XPA Pipe / 100% Water / 160 Deg F (71 Deg C)

 

Flowrate

Loss per 100ft

Velocity

Flowrate

Loss per 100m

Velocity

Flowrate

Loss per 100ft

Velocity

Flowrate

Loss per 100m

Velocity

GPM

PSI

ft/s

L

/ min

kPa

m

/ s

GPM

PSI

ft/s

L

/ min

kPa

m

/ s

0.1

0.03

0.16

0.39

0.68

0.05

0.1

0.02

0.16

 

0.39

0.39

0.05

0.2

0.06

0.33

0.78

1.35

0.10

0.2

0.07

0.33

0.78

1.62

0.10

0.3

0.09

0.49

1.17

2.03

0.15

0.3

0.15

0.49

1.17

3.29

0.15

0.4

0.28

0.65

1.56

6.30

0.20

0.4

0.24

0.65

1.56

5.44

0.20

0.5

0.41

0.82

1.95

9.31

0.25

0.5

0.36

0.82

1.95

8.04

0.25

0.6

0.57

0.98

2.33

12.8

0.30

0.6

0.49

0.98

2.33

11.1

0.30

0.7

0.74

1.14

2.72

16.8

0.35

0.7

0.57

1.14

2.72

12.9

0.35

0.8