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ORGANIC CHEMISTRY AND ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE

THEORY

1. Which of the following functional groups contains a carbonyl group?


A. Ketone B. Ester C. Amide D. All of the above E. None of these
2. What is the IUPAC name for the figure below:

A. 5-Bromo-3- B. 2-Bromo-4- C. 4-Bromo-2- D. 5-Bromo-4- E. None of these


chloro-2,3- chloro-4- chloro-2- chloro-3,2-
dimethylhexane isopropylpentane isopropylpentane dimethylhexane
3.Ocean breezes are due to which method of heat transfer?
A. Conduction B. Radiation C. Convection D. Evaporation E. None of these
4. These are stereoisomers that are not mirror images.
A. Enantiomers B. Diastereomers C. Nonsuperposable D. Stereocenter E. None of these
mirror images
5. When atoms separated by four or more bonds are forced abnormally close to one another,
__________ strain arises.
A. Steric B. Angle C. Torsional D. Eclipsed E. None of these
Interaction
6. A biome that is characterized by extensive grasslands with occasional trees. It can be found in
tropical parts of Australia, South America and Africa.
A. Desert B. Tropical C. Taiga D. Savanna E. None of these
rainforest
7. It is a kind of symbiotic relationship in which one organism benefits while the other is unaffected.
A. Parasitism B. Commensalism C. Mutualism D. Predation E. None of these
8. Compounds that are acid rain precursors
A. SOx B. NOx C. CO2 D. CO E. None of these
9. Product of incomplete combustion of fossil fuels
A. SOx B. NOx C. CO2 D. CO E. None of these
10. Governs toxic substances and hazardous and nuclear waste controls act of 1990
A. RA 6969 B. Kyoto Protocol C. Montreal D. PD 1586 E. None of these
11. Carbon and Energy Sources for Microbial Growth: Organism that use organic carbon for the
formation of new biomass
A. Autotroph B. Heterotroph C. D. E. None of these
Chemoautotroph Chemoheterotrop
h
12. Arrange the following alkanes according to its increasing boiling point.
A B C
A. B<A<C B. A<C<B C. C<B<A D. B<C<A E. None of these
13. All of the following are ortho- para directors except:
A. -F B. -OH C. -OR D. -NO2 E. None of these
14. Class of water intended for primary contact recreation such as bathing, swimming, skin diving etc.
A. Class C B. Class AA C. Class C D. Class A E. None of these
15. Particulates (< 1μm size) remaining suspended in air indefinitely and transported by wind
currents are called
A. fumes B. mists C. smoke D. aerosols E. None of these
16. Which of the following is not an environmental problem?
A. Deforestation B. Loss of C. Overpopulation D. Climate Change E. All of these
biodiversity
17. For each of the following fatty acids, indicate whether it is saturated or unsaturated. If it is
unsaturated, indicate how many carbon-carbon double bonds it contains:

C13H23COOH

A. unsaturated, 2 B. unsaturated, 3 C. unsaturated, 1 D. saturated E. None of these


double bonds double bonds double bond
18. Explain what is wrong with the name of the alkane: 3-methylbutane
A. Should be B. should be 2- C. Nothing is D. A,B,C are E. None of these
methylbutane methylbutane; wrong correct
only counting from
wrong end.
19. What is the IUPAC name for the figure below:

A. 3-Ethyl-6- B. 3-Methyl-6- C. 6-Ethyl-2- D. 5-Ethyl-1- E. None of these


Octyne Octyne Octyne Octyne
20. Which of the following ionic substances have the greatest lattice enthalpy?
A. NaBr B. MgO C. MgS D. NaCl E. None of these
21. It is a comprehensive air quality management policy and program which aims to achieve and
maintain a healthy air for all Filipinos.
A. Republic Act B. Republic Act C. Republic Act D. Clean Air Act of E. None of these
No. 8749 No. 9211 No. 9165 1970
22. All of the following are a form of air pollution EXCEPT for
A. Thermal B. Greenhouse C. Smog D. Acid rain E. None of these
pollution effect
References:
 Environmental Science Question and Answer Retrieved from
https://study.com/academy/answer/ocean-breezes-are-due-to-which-method-of-heat-
transfer.html
 Klein, D. (2015). Organic chemistry, 2nd ed. John Wiley and Sons, Inc. USA
 Brown, W. & Poon, T. (2011). Introduction to Organic Chemistry (4th ed). John Wiley & Sons
(Asia) Pte Ltd.
 Enger, E.D. & Smith, B.F. (2010). Environmental Science: A Study of Interrelationships. McGraw-
Hill: New York.