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TOPIC 2: OSH MANAGEMENT SYSTEM BY; ZARINA SYUHAIDA SHAARANI LECTURER, CIVIL ENGINEERING DEPARTMENT, PTSB
TOPIC 2: OSH MANAGEMENT SYSTEM BY; ZARINA SYUHAIDA SHAARANI LECTURER, CIVIL ENGINEERING DEPARTMENT, PTSB

TOPIC 2:

OSH MANAGEMENT SYSTEM

TOPIC 2: OSH MANAGEMENT SYSTEM BY; ZARINA SYUHAIDA SHAARANI LECTURER, CIVIL ENGINEERING DEPARTMENT, PTSB

BY; ZARINA SYUHAIDA SHAARANI LECTURER, CIVIL ENGINEERING DEPARTMENT, PTSB

CONTENT; • The concepts of safety management • OSH Safety Management • The FIVE components

CONTENT; • The concepts of safety management • OSH Safety Management • The FIVE components of

CONTENT; • The concepts of safety management • OSH Safety Management • The FIVE components of

The concepts of safety management

OSH Safety Management

The FIVE components of OSH-MS 1722

OSH Safety Committee establishment

FACTS… • Roughly there are about 415,000 registered employers in • Malaysia. • • About
FACTS… • Roughly there are about 415,000 registered employers in • Malaysia. • • About
FACTS… • Roughly there are about 415,000 registered employers in • Malaysia. • • About

FACTS…

Roughly there are about 415,000 registered employers in

Malaysia.

• About 8.9 million employees. • Around 14,000 permanent disability per year with a loss of

around RM4 billion per year.

• Malaysian government spent about RM2.9 million/yr on pusat

serenti.

• 88% incident led to catastropy thru unsafe acts.

THE CONCEPT OF SAFETY MANAGEMENT… • To provide guidelines related to safety & health of

THE CONCEPT OF SAFETY MANAGEMENT… • To provide guidelines related to safety & health of workers. • This guidelines should

THE CONCEPT OF SAFETY MANAGEMENT… • To provide guidelines related to safety & health of workers.

To provide guidelines related to safety & health of workers.

This guidelines should contribute to the protection of workers from hazards and to the elimination of work

related injuries, ill health, diseases, incidents and

deaths.

AN EFFECTIVE OSH-MS ESSENTIAL FEATURES… To be effective, OSH- MS should…    Visible management

AN EFFECTIVE OSH-MS ESSENTIAL FEATURES… ESSENTIAL FEATURES…

AN EFFECTIVE OSH-MS ESSENTIAL FEATURES… To be effective, OSH- MS should…    Visible management commitment

To be effective, OSH-MS should… MS should…

   Visible management commitment to safety
 

Visible management commitment to safety

 

Sound safety policy

   Safety to be a line management responsibility
 

Safety to be a line management responsibility

   Safety to be a line management responsibility      Competent safety advisers 
   

Competent safety advisers

 High, well understood, safety standards
 High, well understood, safety standards

High, well understood, safety standards

a line management responsibility      Competent safety advisers  High, well understood, safety standards
a line management responsibility      Competent safety advisers  High, well understood, safety standards

Techniques to measure safety performance

 Techniques to measure safety performance

Realistic safety targets and objects

Audits of safety standards and practices

Effective safety training

Thorough investigation and follow-up of injuries & incidents

 Thorough investigation and follow-up of injuries & incidents

Effective motivation and communication

 Thorough investigation and follow-up of injuries & incidents  Effective motivation and communication
 Thorough investigation and follow-up of injuries & incidents  Effective motivation and communication
OSH-MS 1722 COMPONENTS…

OSH-MS 1722 COMPONENTS…

OSH-MS 1722 COMPONENTS…
OSH-MS 1722 COMPONENTS…
OSH-MS 1722 COMPONENTS…
OSH-MS 1722 COMPONENTS…
  COMPONENT EXPLANATION   Policy Policies endorsed by government on the needs of OSH implementation.
  COMPONENT EXPLANATION  
 

COMPONENT

EXPLANATION

 
Policy Policies endorsed by government on the needs of OSH implementation.

Policy

Policies endorsed by government on the needs of OSH implementation.

Policy Policies endorsed by government on the needs of OSH implementation.
endorsed by government on the needs of OSH implementation.       Organizing Developing system
   
 

Organizing

Developing system planning, OSH objectives,

development and implementation

Planning &

Establishing responsibility and accountability,

Implementation

competency and training, hazard control system

  Evaluation Performance measurement; accident / incident investigation; auditing
  Evaluation Performance measurement; accident / incident investigation; auditing
 

Evaluation

Performance measurement; accident / incident investigation; auditing

   
  Action for Preventive and corrective action, continuous
  Action for Preventive and corrective action, continuous
  Action for Preventive and corrective action, continuous
 

Action for

Preventive and corrective action, continuous

  Action for Preventive and corrective action, continuous

improvement

improvement

improvement improvement
 
auditing       Action for Preventive and corrective action, continuous improvement improvement  
auditing       Action for Preventive and corrective action, continuous improvement improvement  
THE 5 COMPONENTS OF OSH-MS 1722… Is the responsibilities of the organization management / employer!

THE 5 COMPONENTS OF OSH-MS 1722…

Is the responsibilities of the organization management / employer!
Is the
responsibilities of
the organization
management /
employer!
THE 5 COMPONENTS OF OSH-MS 1722… Is the responsibilities of the organization management / employer!
THE 5 COMPONENTS OF OSH-MS 1722… Is the responsibilities of the organization management / employer!
THE 5 COMPONENTS OF OSH-MS 1722… Is the responsibilities of the organization management / employer!
COMPONENT 1: POLICY • The employer + workers + workers representative, should set out IN
COMPONENT 1: POLICY • The employer + workers + workers representative, should set out IN

COMPONENT 1: POLICY• The employer + workers + workers representative, should set out IN WRITING an OSH

• The employer + workers + workers representative, should set out IN WRITING an OSH

The employer + workers + workers representative, should set out IN WRITING an OSH policy. The policy should be….

• The employer + workers + workers representative, should set out IN WRITING an OSH policy.
 
 
 

(a)

specific to the organization and appropriate to its size and the nature of its

 

activities

 

(b)

concise, clearly written, dated and made effective by the signature or endorsement

  of the employer or the most senior accountable person in the organization  
 

of the employer or the most senior accountable person in the organization

 
(c) communicated & readily accessible to all persons at their place of work

(c) communicated & readily accessible to all persons at their place of work

   

(d)

reviewed for continuing suitability

    (d) reviewed for continuing suitability
 
 

(e)

made available to relevant external interested parties, as appropriate.

(e) made available to relevant external interested parties, as appropriate.
for continuing suitability   (e) made available to relevant external interested parties, as appropriate.  
for continuing suitability   (e) made available to relevant external interested parties, as appropriate.  
for continuing suitability   (e) made available to relevant external interested parties, as appropriate.  
 
 
COMPONENT 1: POLICY (…CONT.) EMPLOYER MUST MAKE SURE THAT WORKERS & THE OSH REPRESENTATIVES ARE…
COMPONENT 1: POLICY (…CONT.) EMPLOYER MUST MAKE SURE THAT WORKERS & THE OSH REPRESENTATIVES ARE…

COMPONENT 1: POLICY (…CONT.)EMPLOYER MUST MAKE SURE THAT WORKERS & THE OSH REPRESENTATIVES ARE… the OSH committee is

COMPONENT 1: POLICY (…CONT.) EMPLOYER MUST MAKE SURE THAT WORKERS & THE OSH REPRESENTATIVES ARE… the

EMPLOYER MUST MAKE SURE THAT WORKERS &

THE OSH REPRESENTATIVES ARE…

the OSH committee is

established, efficient & recognised

accordance to

national law & practice.

Participating actively

(given time &

resources in the OSH

processes)

consulted, informed

and trained

Participating actively (given time & resources in the OSH processes) consulted, informed and trained
Participating actively (given time & resources in the OSH processes) consulted, informed and trained
COMPONENT 2: ORGANIZING

COMPONENT 2: ORGANIZING

COMPONENT 2: ORGANIZING
COMPONENT 2: ORGANIZING
COMPONENT 2: ORGANIZING
COMPONENT 2: ORGANIZING
• Provide protection of workers safety & health as well as leadership for OSH activities
• Provide protection of workers safety & health as well as leadership for OSH activities
• Provide protection of workers safety & health as well as leadership for OSH activities
• Provide protection of workers safety & health as well as leadership for OSH activities
• Provide protection of workers safety & health as well as leadership for OSH activities
• Provide protection of workers safety & health as
well as leadership for OSH activities
• Allocate responsibility, accountability & authority to
achieve the OSH objectives.

OSHMS Documentation (accordance to the

size and nature of

the organization)

Communication (arrangements &

procedures should

established & maintained for;)

Receiving, documenting & responding to internal & external comm. related to OSH

Ensuring the internal communication between relevant levels and functions

Ensuring the concerns, ideas and inputs from workers or

representatives are received, considered and

responded to.

Ensuring the concerns, ideas and inputs from workers or representatives are received, considered and responded to.
COMPONENT 3: PLANNING & IMPLEMENTATION  The purpose of planning should be to create an

COMPONENT 3: PLANNING & IMPLEMENTATION  The purpose of planning should be to create an OSH management system that supports…

The purpose of planning should be to create an OSH management system that supports… The purpose of planning should be to create an OSH management system that supports…

(a) as the minimum, compliance with national laws and

regulations(a) as the minimum, compliance with national laws and (b) the elements of the organization's OSH

the minimum, compliance with national laws and regulations (b) the elements of the organization's OSH
the minimum, compliance with national laws and regulations (b) the elements of the organization's OSH

(b)

the elements of the organization's OSH management system

(c)

continual improvement in OSH performance

(b) the elements of the organization's OSH management system (c) continual improvement in OSH performance
COMPONENT 3: PLANNING & IMPLEMENTATION (… CONT)  Planning & Implementation consist of following agenda;
COMPONENT 3: PLANNING & IMPLEMENTATION (… CONT)  Planning & Implementation consist of following agenda;

COMPONENT 3: PLANNING & IMPLEMENTATION(… CONT)  Planning & Implementation consist of following agenda;  Initial review  Establishing

(…CONT)

Planning & Implementation consist of following agenda;

Planning & Implementation consist of following agenda;  Initial review  Establishing OSH Objectives 
Planning & Implementation consist of following agenda;  Initial review  Establishing OSH Objectives 

Initial review

Establishing OSH Objectives

Hazard prevention

Prevention & Control Measures

Management of Change

Emergency prevention, preparedness & response
Procurement
Contracting (arrangements for contractors working on site)

COMPONENT 4: EVALUATION Evaluation component consists of;  Performance monitoring & measurement (qualitative &

COMPONENT 4: EVALUATION Evaluation component consists of;  Performance monitoring & measurement (qualitative & quantitative) 

COMPONENT 4: EVALUATION Evaluation component consists of;  Performance monitoring & measurement (qualitative &
COMPONENT 4: EVALUATION Evaluation component consists of;  Performance monitoring & measurement (qualitative &

Evaluation component consists of;

Performance monitoring & measurement (qualitative & quantitative)

Investigation of work-related injuries, ill health, diseases & incidents, and their impact on safety & health performance

Audit

Management Review

COMPONENT 5: ACTION FOR IMPROVEMENT Action for improvement component consists of;  Preventive & corrective

COMPONENT 5: ACTION FOR IMPROVEMENT Action for improvement component consists of;  Preventive & corrective actions  Continual improvement

COMPONENT 5: ACTION FOR IMPROVEMENT Action for improvement component consists of;  Preventive & corrective actions

Action for improvement component consists of;

Preventive & corrective actions Continual improvement

OSHA 1994 (ACT 514) PART VII SECTION 30

OSH Committee shall be established if;

There are >40 employees at the place of work

OR

The Director General directs the establishment of such committee at the work place

COMPOSITION OF OSH COMMITTEE • Consist of a CHAIRMAN, a SECRETARY, REPRESENTATIVES OF EMPLOYER &
COMPOSITION OF OSH COMMITTEE • Consist of a CHAIRMAN, a SECRETARY, REPRESENTATIVES OF EMPLOYER &

COMPOSITION OF OSH COMMITTEE

Consist of a CHAIRMAN, a SECRETARY, REPRESENTATIVES OF EMPLOYER & REPRESENTATIVES OF EMPLOYEES. Consist of a CHAIRMAN, a SECRETARY, REPRESENTATIVES OF EMPLOYER & REPRESENTATIVES OF EMPLOYEES.

OF EMPLOYER & REPRESENTATIVES OF EMPLOYEES. CHAIRMAN The employer / his authorised manager SECRETARY
OF EMPLOYER & REPRESENTATIVES OF EMPLOYEES. CHAIRMAN The employer / his authorised manager SECRETARY

CHAIRMAN

The employer / his authorised manager

SECRETARY

Appointed by the employer / committee

EMPLOYER

REPRESENTATIVE

2 persons if ≤ 100 employees

4 persons if ≥ 100 employees

Personnel in managerial position

EMPLOYEE

REPRESENTATIVE

2 persons if ≤ 100 employees

4 persons if ≥ 100 employees

Workers not in managerial position

CASE STUDY
CASE STUDY