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Innovation in Energy Recovery

for Aluminum Industry

Presentation to Innovation Norway India.

Didier OSTORERO

General Manager Cronus Technology AS

www.cronustechnology.no

DUBAL pilot plant - Process description

Off-gas heat recovery
Off-gas heat recovery
DUBAL pilot plant - Process description Off-gas heat recovery Fluid pump Side-wall heat recovery Energy utilisation
DUBAL pilot plant - Process description Off-gas heat recovery Fluid pump Side-wall heat recovery Energy utilisation

Fluid pump

Side-wall heat recovery

DUBAL pilot plant - Process description Off-gas heat recovery Fluid pump Side-wall heat recovery Energy utilisation
DUBAL pilot plant - Process description Off-gas heat recovery Fluid pump Side-wall heat recovery Energy utilisation

Energy utilisation

DUBAL pilot plant - Process description Off-gas heat recovery Fluid pump Side-wall heat recovery Energy utilisation

DUBAL pilot plant - Pilot results

DUBAL pilot plant - Pilot results • Pilot plant installed on side-wall of DX+ ULTRA pot

Pilot plant installed on side-wall of DX+ ULTRA pot in Jebel Ali start-up: May 2014

Pilot running 24/7

Recovered in 3 years ≈ 4,600 MWh. Effect ≈ 175

kW/pot, not included end walls

Energy collected but not utilized (Phase 1)

in 3 years ≈ 4,600 MWh. Effect ≈ 175 kW/pot, not included end walls • Energy

3

Cronus heat-pipe technology

Cronus heat-pipe technology A heat-pipe is a super conductor of heat with capacity 1000 times better
Cronus heat-pipe technology A heat-pipe is a super conductor of heat with capacity 1000 times better

A heat-pipe is a super conductor of heat with capacity 1000 times better than copper

Technology development and investment

Technology development and investment 5
Technology development and investment 5
Technology development and investment 5
Technology development and investment 5
Technology development and investment 5
Technology development and investment 5

5

Energy consumption in Aluminum production

Specific Aluminum energy consumption

18,00

16,00

14,00 2,97 2,72 12,00 10,00 8,00 15,44 6,00 11,90 10,88 4,00 2,00 0,00 China GCC
14,00
2,97
2,72
12,00
10,00
8,00
15,44
6,00
11,90
10,88
4,00
2,00
0,00
China
GCC
Europe
Energy recovery/utilization
China & GCC tomorrow's consumption
Europe tomorrow's comsumption
Energy (kWh/kgAl)

6

India Primary Aluminum industry in 2016

Aluminum produced

Electricity consumption

Heat loss Possible recovery Possible CO 2 saving

Heat loss Possible recovery Possible CO 2 saving Source: http://www.careratings.com 2 944 500 000 kg Al

2 944 500 000 kg Al 43 268 000 000 kWh

21 634 000 000 kWh

6 490 200 000 kWh 48 762 450 ton/year

2 944 500 000 kg Al 43 268 000 000 kWh 21 634 000 000 kWh

7

Energy & CO2 savings potential in India

Only from Aluminum industry

CO2 savings potential in India Only from Aluminum industry Source: hhttp://metal-forex-trader.blogspot.no 8 062 360
industry Source: hhttp://metal-forex-trader.blogspot.no 8 062 360 Indian inhabitants electricity consumption Source:
industry Source: hhttp://metal-forex-trader.blogspot.no 8 062 360 Indian inhabitants electricity consumption Source:
industry Source: hhttp://metal-forex-trader.blogspot.no 8 062 360 Indian inhabitants electricity consumption Source:

8 062 360 Indian inhabitants electricity consumption

electricity consumption Source: https://data.worldbank.org 28 683 794 Indian CO 2 emission Source:

28 683 794 Indian CO 2 emission

China aluminum production in 2016

Aluminum produced Electricity consumption

Heat loss Possible recovery Possible CO 2 saving

Heat loss Possible recovery Possible CO 2 saving 31 641 000 000 kg Al 433 444

31 641 000 000 kg Al 433 444 000 000 kWh

216 722 000 000 kWh

86 688 800 000 kWh 65 016 600 ton

Possible CO 2 saving 31 641 000 000 kg Al 433 444 000 000 kWh 216

Achievable Energy & CO2 savings in China

168 327 767 Chinese inhabitants electricity consumption Source: China Statistical Yearbook www.stats.gov.cn 55 000
168 327 767 Chinese inhabitants
electricity consumption
Source: China Statistical Yearbook www.stats.gov.cn
55 000 furnaces

23 220 214 cars emission

Source: CO 2 calculator www.norway.myclimate.org

GCC aluminum production in 2016

Aluminum produced Electricity consumption

Heat loss Possible recovery Possible CO 2 saving

Heat loss Possible recovery Possible CO 2 saving Source: www.world-aluminium.org/statistics * CO 2

Source: www.world-aluminium.org/statistics * CO 2 saving: 0,66 kgCO 2 /kWh

5 197 000 000 kg Al 66 625 000 000 kWh

33 313 000 000 kWh

9 994 000 000 kWh 6 596 000 ton*

saving: 0,66 kgCO 2 /kWh 5 197 000 000 kg Al 66 625 000 000 kWh

11

Achievable Energy & CO 2 savings in GCC

Achievable Energy & CO 2 savings in GCC Source: «The Middle East as an emerging hub»

Source: «The Middle East as an emerging hub» - Walid Al Attar, Chief Marketing Officer - EGA

hub» - Walid Al Attar, Chief Marketing Officer - EGA 886 441 GCC inhabitant electricity consumption
hub» - Walid Al Attar, Chief Marketing Officer - EGA 886 441 GCC inhabitant electricity consumption
hub» - Walid Al Attar, Chief Marketing Officer - EGA 886 441 GCC inhabitant electricity consumption

886 441 GCC inhabitant electricity consumption

Source: Carbon footprint in the Middle East http://www.carboun.com

Carbon footprint in the Middle East http://www.carboun.com 1 125 038 cars emission Source: CO 2 calculator

1 125 038 cars emission

Source: CO 2 calculator https://norway.myclimate.org

1 car = 250 gCO 2 /km; 23,500 km/year.

Energy utilization possibility - Overview

ALUMINIUM INDUSTRY WASTE ENERGY UTILISATION

Coal power plant Hot water 75 -220 0 C Hot water 75 -150 0 C
Coal power plant
Hot water 75 -220 0 C
Hot water 75 -150 0 C
Green electricity
Hot water 75 -220 0 C
Hot water 75 -220 0 C
Factory utilisation
Absorption chiller
District heating

ORC

utilisation Absorption chiller District heating ORC Green electricity District Cooling Chilled water 5 0 C

Green electricity

District Cooling

District heating ORC Green electricity District Cooling Chilled water 5 0 C Hot water 90 0
District heating ORC Green electricity District Cooling Chilled water 5 0 C Hot water 90 0
District heating ORC Green electricity District Cooling Chilled water 5 0 C Hot water 90 0

Chilled water 5 0 C

Hot water 90 0 C

Cooling Chilled water 5 0 C Hot water 90 0 C High efficiency Green energy High

High efficiency Green energy

Cooling Chilled water 5 0 C Hot water 90 0 C High efficiency Green energy High

High efficiency Green energy

Energy utilization possibility - ORC

Energy utilization possibility - ORC 14

Energy utilization - Absorption chiller

Energy recovered from Aluminum cell Energy recovered x 1,5 = energy generated for chilling Chilled
Energy recovered
from Aluminum cell
Energy
recovered x 1,5 =
energy
generated for
chilling
Chilled water.
recovered from Aluminum cell Energy recovered x 1,5 = energy generated for chilling Chilled water. Cooling

Cooling water

recovered from Aluminum cell Energy recovered x 1,5 = energy generated for chilling Chilled water. Cooling

15

Profitability and feasibility consideration Overview

PROFITABILITY CALCULATION CAPEX/kW CAPEX/288 cells (kW) (AED/kW) (AED/kW/year) (AED/year) (years) 2 180 176 774
PROFITABILITY CALCULATION
CAPEX/kW
CAPEX/288 cells
(kW)
(AED/kW)
(AED/kW/year)
(AED/year)
(years)
2 180
176 774 400
17 280
0,3
2 630
45 453 312
3,9
(AED/kW el )
(AED)
Interest 0%
Generated electrical effect
Price
Income
Income
Pay back
CAPEX
CAPEX/288 cells
(kW)
(AED/kW)
(AED/kW/year)
(AED/year)
(years)
8
720
182
704 000
5
000
0,3
2630
13
152 000
13,9
(AED/kW el )
(AED)
Coal Power Plant ORC Operating time (hours) 8768 Interest 0% Generated electrical effect Price Income
Coal Power Plant ORC Operating time (hours) 8768 Interest 0% Generated electrical effect Price Income

Coal Power Plant

Coal Power Plant

ORC

Coal Power Plant ORC
Coal Power Plant ORC Operating time (hours) 8768 Interest 0% Generated electrical effect Price Income

Operating time (hours)

8768

Interest 0%

Generated electrical effect

Price

Income

Income

Pay back

Operating time (hours) 8768 Interest 0% Generated electrical effect Price Income Income Pay back

Absorption chiller

Absorption chiller COP = 1.5

COP = 1.5

 

Interest 0%

 

Generated heat effect

Price

Income

Income

Pay back

CAPEX

CAPEX/288 cells

 

(kW)

(AED/kW)

(AED/kW/year)

(AED/year)

(years)

480

166

752 000

57

600

0,15

1315

75

755 520

2,2

(AED/kW th )

(AED)

 
 

Interest 0%

 

Generated cooling effect

Price

Income

Income

Pay back

 

(kW)

(AED/kW)

(AED/kW/year)

(AED/year)

(years)

 

86

400

0,15

1315

113

633 280

1,5

Factory utilisation *1)

CAPEX

CAPEX/288 cells

Alumina Refining

?

use hot water 150 0 C

(AED/kW th )

(AED)

0,15

1315

water 150 0 C (AED/kW th ) (AED) 0,15 1315 EGA Abu Dhabi 288 cells Side
water 150 0 C (AED/kW th ) (AED) 0,15 1315 EGA Abu Dhabi 288 cells Side
EGA Abu Dhabi 288 cells Side wall cooling CAPEX/kW 2 415 (AED/kW) Nominal thermal effect
EGA Abu Dhabi 288 cells
Side wall cooling
CAPEX/kW
2 415
(AED/kW)
Nominal thermal effect recovered
57600 CAPEX/288 cells
139 104 000
kW th
(AED)
recovered 57600 CAPEX/288 cells 139 104 000 kW th (AED) Note *1) cost unknown Note *2)
recovered 57600 CAPEX/288 cells 139 104 000 kW th (AED) Note *1) cost unknown Note *2)

Note *1)

cost unknown

Note *2)

infrastructure not included

th (AED) Note *1) cost unknown Note *2) infrastructure not included District heating District cooling 16
District heating District cooling
District
heating
District
cooling

Profitability and feasibility consideration District Cooling in UAE

Peak Monthly Demand for Dubai and Abu Dhabi covered by EGA heat recovery

1 900

1 800 1 700 1 600 1 500 1 400 1 300 1 200 1
1 800
1 700
1 600
1 500
1 400
1 300
1 200
1 100
1 000
900
800
700
600
500
400
300
200
100
0
January
February
March
April
May
June
July
August
September
October
November
December
Abu Dhabi DC demand
Dubai DC demand
Heat recovery supplied by EGA
Monthly Demand (MW)Peak

Interest - China

Dongxing Aluminium 1.7 MtAl/year :

Pilot plant for 3 cells

Full scale for 164 cells

SPIC 2.5 MtAl/year :

Chinese smelters visited by Cronus

(tAl)

Jinjiang Group2.5 MtAl/year : Chinese smelters visited by Cronus (tAl) Nanshan Group Xinfa Group Henan Zhongfu Weiqiao

Nanshan Group: Chinese smelters visited by Cronus (tAl) Jinjiang Group Xinfa Group Henan Zhongfu Weiqiao Group Gansu

Xinfa Groupvisited by Cronus (tAl) Jinjiang Group Nanshan Group Henan Zhongfu Weiqiao Group Gansu Dongxing Yunnan

Henan Zhongfuby Cronus (tAl) Jinjiang Group Nanshan Group Xinfa Group Weiqiao Group Gansu Dongxing Yunnan Metallurgical Group

Weiqiao Group(tAl) Jinjiang Group Nanshan Group Xinfa Group Henan Zhongfu Gansu Dongxing Yunnan Metallurgical Group Tianshan Aluminum

Gansu DongxingGroup Nanshan Group Xinfa Group Henan Zhongfu Weiqiao Group Yunnan Metallurgical Group Tianshan Aluminum 5 000

Yunnan Metallurgical GroupGroup Xinfa Group Henan Zhongfu Weiqiao Group Gansu Dongxing Tianshan Aluminum 5 000 000 800 000

Tianshan AluminumWeiqiao Group Gansu Dongxing Yunnan Metallurgical Group 5 000 000 800 000 1 700 000 3

5 000 000 800 000 1 700 000 3 100 000 1 600 000 1
5 000 000
800 000
1 700 000
3 100 000
1 600 000
1 200
000
1 000 000
1 200 000

SPIC is one of China's top five power generators, one of China's three nuclear power developers and operators, is a Fortune Global 500 company, is committed to global businesses.

140,000 employee

Pilot plant to be fulfilled within 1 year

Full scale to be implemented 1 year later Joint Venture proposal between SPIC and Cronus

Technology

Aluminium smelters in China:

Budget offers have been sent to 8 diferrent smelters in China after visit by Cronus Technology

Meeting with SPIC, Dongxing and others January 2018

Interest - EGA

Emirates Global Aluminium (EGA):

Pilot plant for 14 cells

Full scale for 288 cells - delivered together with GE Power AS

Interest - EGA

Status after meeting december 6 th , 2017:

Dubai Carbon is very impressed about and enthusiastic to see this solution to be implemented in UAE and other places in GCC.

Dubai Carbon Centre of Excellence was established in 2011, by an agreement between the Dubai Supreme Council of Energy and the United Nations Development Programme, in the presence of H.H. Sheikh Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum, Vice President and Prime Minister of the UAE and Ruler of Dubai,

H.H. Sheikh Hamdan bin Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum, Crown Prince of Dubai, and UN Secretary

General Ban ki-Moon.

EGA confirmed their will to utilize the energy from the smelter with optimal solution

EGA suggested to make a trial for utilization of the energy on the existing Cronus pilot in DUBAL, Jebel Ali.

EGA expressed their wishes to have Cronus as a partner in the development of

EGA’s smelter technology

Jebel Ali. • EGA expressed their wishes to have Cronus as a partner in the development
Jebel Ali. • EGA expressed their wishes to have Cronus as a partner in the development

Interest General Electric Power

Who are they?

One of the biggest service and technology supplier for Aluminium producers

GE Power: 55,000 employees in 150 countries

GE Power has office in Oslo, Norway

Agreement from GE Power ready for Cronus signature:

Worldwide exclusivity for GE/Cronus

7 years validity, automatic prolongation if not cancelled after 7 years

Interest Fives Solios

Who are they?

One of the biggest service and technology supplier for Aluminium producers

Aluminum industry: carbon, reduction and casthouse

Provides industrial solutions and associated services that meet customers’ needs and requirements in terms of performance, product quality and environmental footprint

Fives and its Aluminum dedicated teams - 800 people based in France, the U.K., Canada, Australia,

Bahrain, South Africa, United Arab Emirates - have proven operational excellence in dealing with major projects worldwide, while respecting deadlines, costs, contractual performance guarantees and safety

60 years of experience in industrial engineering with extensive expertise in managing turnkey contracts

Fives Solios wishes to extend its portofolio with energy recovery from Aluminum

cells

Cronus invited for a meeting in Paris on December 15 th 2017.

Attending the meeting:

Mr. Bijan COUR

Mr. Serge DESPINASSE

Mr. El Hani BOUHABILA

Mr. Christophe BOUCHE

Mr. André PINONCELY

Mr. Jeremy NEVEU

Fives SOLIOS CEO

Fives Aluminium Technology and IT Director R&D Manager

Carbon Technical Director

Fives Aluminium Technology Environment Technical Director Aluminium

Patents Patents owned by Goodtech

Patents owned by Goodtech:

Cronus Technology has the right to use the below patents everywhere in the world

Patent Name Sidelining GCC EPO Canada South Africa USA Eurasia/EUPO

Patent Name

Sidelining

GCC

EPO

Canada

South Africa

USA

Eurasia/EUPO

Patent number

Patent status

18695

Not found

11827027.1

Pending - Refusal to be expected

2811873

Pending

2013/01798

Granted

13/825752

Abandoned

2013/90309

Withdrawn

13/825752 Abandoned 2013/90309 Withdrawn Sidelining component ordering GCC EPO Canada South
Sidelining component ordering GCC EPO Canada South Africa USA Eurasia/EUPO Surface texture Norway Heat

Sidelining component ordering

GCC

EPO

Canada

South Africa

USA

Eurasia/EUPO

component ordering GCC EPO Canada South Africa USA Eurasia/EUPO Surface texture Norway Heat recovery Norway

Surface texture

Norway

Heat recovery

Norway

22501

Not found

12840196.5

Granted

2847160

Pending

2014/01378

Granted

14/234827

Abandoned

201490508

Withdrawn

20140845

Granted

20150613

Granted

Granted 14/234827 Abandoned 201490508 Withdrawn 20140845 Granted 20150613 Granted
Granted 14/234827 Abandoned 201490508 Withdrawn 20140845 Granted 20150613 Granted
Granted 14/234827 Abandoned 201490508 Withdrawn 20140845 Granted 20150613 Granted

Market plan

Sales Promotion Activity

Goal of the Activity

Schedule

Presentation of Cronus for Rusal

Inquiry for pilot/installation

Q1 2018

Presentation of Cronus for Hindalco

Inquiry for pilot/installation

Q1 2018

Presentation of Cronus for Chalco

Cooperation development Agreement

Q1 2018

Presentation of Cronus for EGA/Dubal

Clarification of Quotation

Q3/Q4 2017

Presentation of Cronus for Kubal

Identification of possible project

Q2 2018

Presentation of Cronus for Hydro

General presentation of technology

Q2 2018

Presentation of Cronus for Rio Tinto

Identification of possible project

Q3 2018

Presentation of Cronus for SNC Lavalin

Presentation of technology for management

Q4 2018

Investment

The way Cronus is planning their activities do not requires large investment. Investment in fixed assets such as office facilities, computers, software, furniture and fixtures etc. will be paid by the project.

fixed assets such as office facilities, computers, software, furniture and fixtures etc. will be paid by

Value creation

Value creation in India:

All engineering, administration jobs will be created in Norway & India

All programming, software development will be done in India

Electrical panels to be produced in India

Oil Skid design and production will be done in India

Electrical insulation solution to be designed and produced in India

Site supervision, installation & commissioning to be done in India

Risk assessment

Limited risk assessment of the Cronus Technology business case indicates the likelihood that a risk occurs and the estimated economic consequence on EBITDA level. The

purpose of the risk assessment is to identify the main risks and take adequate action to

reduce them. Main risks:

1)

Cronus fail to succeed with the products it takes longer time to get contract.

2)

Limited investment interest for production delay in customer decision will limits

sales and roll out.

3)

Quality issues inconsistent product quality due to heterogeneous production sites and input material.

4)

Equipment and engineering partner agreements take more time to sign on and to

implement.

5)

Commercial roll out is more difficult than expected limited access to channels and distribution

6)

Production costs are higher than expected, and this results in a lower margin for

Cronus

Risk assessment

Risk assessment 28

Cronus expectations

Contact, with Innovation Norway, aluminum smelters in India:

Hindalco

Vendata

Balco

Nalco