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Deodorizing of Edible Oils and Fats

Lurgi Life Science Technologies GmbH


- Deodorizing of Edible Oils and Fats
Multi-stage Deodorizing Column
Semi-countinuous deodorazing and deacidification

Deodorizing, the last stage of the


refining process, is in principle a
distillation process using steam as
a carrier to eliminate undesirable
odor and flavor substances from the
degummed or neutralized and
bleached oil in order to produce a
high-quality oil or fat.

Lurgi has been building deodorizing


plants for some 75 years and ist the
leader in developing plants to meet
the industrial demant for higher
capacities, improved economy and
best quality.

Whether a deodorizer after a Process principle exchange, final heating by high-pressure


conventional chemical refining steam, deodorizing, cooling by
Before the degummed and bleached oil
system or a deacidifier as the heart thermosiphon heat exchange, cooling by
is fed into the deodorizing unit, the batch
of a modern physical refining plant, indirect cooling liquid.
size must be defined. The determination
the Lurgi Multi-stage Column as a
of the extract batch size can be executed The advantage of the PLC-controlled
semi-continuos or continuos deo-
by weighing in a feed tank on load cells process is the possibility of changing
dorizer will meet your requirements.
or by volume in the degassing vessel on different kinds of feed oils without
For product changes that occur only
top of the deodorizer. interrupting the normal operation of the
once or twice a week, the continuous
Pumping-in of crude oil is the starting deodorizer and with lowest possible
deodorizing concept will be suffi-
signal of the automatically controlled product mixing rate.
cient. If product changes occur more
often, the semi-continuous process of the plant. Each individual The common edible oils and fats are

deodorizing concept should be the batch of oil is run through the deodorizer deodorized at temperatures ranging from

right choice. stepwise, passing the following steps: 230–260 °C and at a pressure of approx.
Degassing, heating by thermosiphon heat 3 mbar.
Continous deodorizing and deacidification with stripping column

Process principle

Degummed and bleached oil is first


preheated by means of heat transfer
through heating systems from hot
deodorized oil and is then brought to
final process temperature by indirect
high-pressure steam heating.

For deacidification of higher free fatty


acid contents, the stripping column serves
for short residence time at the higher
stripping temperature, while deodorizing
is accomplished at a reduced temperature
Semi-continuous deodorizing plant
(intermediate heat exchange optional).

The oil is processed in the stripping


column in countercurrent to the vapors,
passing through the different deodorizing
stages before being cooled by internal
heat transfer in the last tray, where citric
acid is also added to the oil.

The common edible oils and fats are


deodorized at temperature ranging from
230–260 °C and at pressures ranging
from 3–5 mbar.
Highlights

I means no loss of time and product for


Moderate treatment
frequent product changes during semi-
of the edible oil due to:
continuous processing
I high vacuum in each tray of the I dosing of citric acid to form complexes I heat recovery between incoming and
deodorizer with the heavy metals in the oil in order outgoing oil during continuous processing
I heating of the oil to deodorizing to lower the oxidation rate of the
I low oil levels in the deodorizing stages
temperature under vaccum deodorized oil
of the deodorizer during continuous
I internal heat exchange in the deodorize I extremley low contamination of each processing
under vaccum by single or double batch during product change during semi-
I reduction of live steam consumption
thermosiphon system during semi- continuous processing
when processing oils with high free fatty
continuous processing I low increasing rate of trans-isomers acid contents by including an additional
I heat exchange between cold bleached when deodorizing at lower temperatures stripping column during continuous
oil and hot deodorized oil under vacuum I low increasing rate of trans-isomers processing
during continuous processing when including an additional stripping
I short residence time under high column for oils with high fatty acid Minimizing of effluents:
temperatures in the stripping column for contents to be stripped at higher I minimizing of waste water as the free
oil with high free fatty acid contents termperatures during continuous fatty acids are condensed from the vapors
during continuous processing processing in a packed vapor scrubber

I deacidification as a continuous process,


High quality of the High plant efficiency due to: integrated in a physical refining plant,
deodorized oil due to: I high efficiency heat exchange and produces no further waste like soapstock
I extreme limitation of air access into deodorizing through mammoth pump as in chemical refining. This results in
the deodorizer circulation systems less investment and operation costs.
LLST’s activities in the fields of
renewable resources
I ALCON® process I Metal soap production
I Solvent extraction I Esterification of fatty acid
I Lecithin recovery I Fatty alcohol synthesis
I Enzymatic degumming (EnzyMax®) I Citric acid
I Bleaching I Sorbitol technology
I Deodorization I Starch technology
I Physical refining I Potable alcohol technology
I Hydrogenation I Natural vitamin E, tocopherol
I Pressure splitting I Sugar alcohol like sorbitol
I Glycerine recovery I Sweeteners like glucose, dexttrose,
I Fatty acid distillation fructose
I Fatty acid fractionation I Bioethanol technology
I Fatty acid hydrogenation I Countinuous beer brewing
I Spray cooling of fatty acid

Technical data Conti-deso Semiconti-deso

Plant capacity 100–1,500 t/d feet 100–500 t/d feed

Utility consumption
(per ton of oil)
Live steam 5– 10 kg 12– 18 kg
Steam for vacuum 60–110 kg 80–160 kg
Cooling water for vacuum 10– 17 m3 12– 18 m3
Cooling water for product 3– 10 m3 5– 10 m3
Fuel oil 3– 5 kg 5– 10 kg

Space required 6 x 12 m 6 x 12 m
261e/5.00/10

Head quarters:
Lurgi Life Science Technologies GmbH · Augustusburger Strasse 34 · D-09111 Chemnitz
P. O. Box: 0231 · D-09026 Chemnitz · Phone: ++49-(0)371-68 99-0 · Fax: ++49-(0)371-6 899-342
e-mail: lifescience@lurgi.de · www.lurgi-lifescience.com · Video conference: ++49-(0)371-6 899-790

Business Establishment:
Lurgi Life Science Technologies GmbH · Lurgiallee 5 · D-60295 Frankfurt am Main
P. O. Box, 60295 Frankfurt am Main · Phone: ++49-(0)69-58 080 · Fax: ++49-(0)69-58 08-3 888
e-mail: kommunikation@lurgi.de · Video conference: ++49-(0)69-5 808-4 900/4 910