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GPS Amsterdam Phase 2 Expansion Project

Project No: 1703

Fire Fighting System


Calculations

Rev. Description Date Issued


by
00 First Issue 28-08-2017 CN
01 Updated and re-issued 02-02-2018 CN

HITECO 1703-F02-402-001
ENGINEERING
Industrial & Power Systems
Global Petroleum Storage Table of Contents 1

F02-402-001 Fire Fighting System Calculations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3


1. Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
1.1. Scope . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
1.2. Reference Documents . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
1.3. Hydraulic Analysis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
2. Existing Fire Fighting System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
2.1. Fire Pump Station . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
2.2. Existing Fire Water Network . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
3. New Fire Fighting System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
3.1. Regulatory Requirements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
3.2. Fire Water Demand Analysis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
3.2.1. Fire Design Scenario for Area 400 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
3.2.2. PGS 29 Scenario Full Surface Bund Fire . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
3.2.3. Butane Truck Fixed Water Spray System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
3.3. Calculations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
4. Conclusion . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
4.1. Base Scenario . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
4.2. PGS 29-2016 Full Bund Area Surface Fire Design Scnario . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
5. Area 400 Fire Cooling Calculation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
6. Hydraulic Flow Diagrams . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11

C.N. Hiteco Engineering Ltd Industrial & Power Systems


Global Petroleum Storage List of Figures 2

Fig. 1 Area 400 Tank Cooling Water Calculation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8


Fig. 2 Area 400 Bund Fire Foam Application Calculations. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
Fig. 3 Area 400 Tank Fixed Foam System Calculations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
Fig. 4 Area 400 Tank and Bund Layout . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .11
Fig. 5 Hydraulic Flow Analysis Diagram Design Scenario 3.2.2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
Fig. 6 Hydraulic Flow Analysis Diagram Design Scenario 3.2.1 Foam System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
Fig. 7 Hydraulic Flow Analysis Diagram Design Scenario 3.2.1 Tank 402 and Adjacent Tanks Cooling System
14

C.N. Hiteco Engineering Ltd Industrial & Power Systems


GPS Amsterdam - Phase 2 Expansion 3

F02-402-001 Fire Fighting System


Calculations

1 Introduction

1.1 Scope
The purpose of this calculation document is to establish the hydraulic performance and fire equipment
capacities for the new Fire water and Foam systems associated with the GPS Amsterdam Phase 2 Expan-
sion project.

1.2 Reference Documents

TABLE 1. Reference Drawings

Drawing No. Drawing Title


1703-P02-501-102 Fire Fighting Water System Process Flow Diagram
1703-P02-501-103 Fire Fighting Foam System Process Flow Diagram
1703-P02-501-104 Fire Fighting Foam Concentrate System Process Flow Diagram
1703-F02-502-001 Fire Fighting System Master Plan

TABLE 2. Reference Standards

Document No. Document Title


PGS 29 Directive aboveground storage of flammable liquids in vertical cylindrical tanks.
PGS 18 Standard for LPG: depots
NFPA 11 Standard for Low-, Medium-, and High-Expansion Foam.
NFPA 14 Standard for the Installation of Standpipe and Hose Systems.
NFPA 20 Standard for the Installation of Stationary Pumps for Fire Protection.
NFPA 22 Standard for Water Tanks for Private Fire Protection.
NFPA 24 Standard for the Installation of Private Fire Service Mains and Their
Appurtenances.

1.3 Hydraulic Analysis


The existing and new piping configurations were modeled and analyzed with Fluidflow software.
The results are included in graphical format and also attached separately as tabulated excel sheets.

Fire Fighting System Calculations GPS Amsterdam - Phase 2 Expansion


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2 Existing Fire Fighting System
The main characteristics of the existing system are described below

2.1 Fire Pump Station


Number of Pumps: 3 x 50 % capacity (568 m3/hr @ 11.8 barg Water head nominal capacity) diesel
engine driven firewater pumps, specified for saline water service (density of water is 1,015 kg/l).

2.2 Existing Fire Water Network


2.2.1 A 12” diameter ring-main fire water network is installed around Area 100, Area 200 and Area 300. There
are Tie-In Valved connections at Area 300 sized 12” for extension to new Area 400.

Fire Fighting System Calculations GPS Amsterdam - Phase 2 Expansion


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3 New Fire Fighting System

3.1 Regulatory Requirements


As per PGS29 Section 8.2, Fixed-roof tanks in a tank bund for the storage of substances of Classes 1 and
2 must be fitted with a stationary extinguishing arrangement which meets the NFPA 11.
The extinguishing water system for the Tanks as per PGS29 Section 8.3 must be designed in accordance
with the guidelines of the NFPA, in particular the NFPA 11, NFPA 14, NFPA 20, the NFPA 22 and the NFPA
24.

3.2 Fire Water Demand Analysis


For the purpose of fire water application rates, we follow the PGS29 “Fire-Protection Considerations for
the Design and Operation of Liquefied Petroleum Gas (LPG) Storage Facilities “

3.2.1 Fire Design Scenario for Area 400


Largest Tank in Area 400 on Fire: In this scenario we assume Tank 402 Diameter 36m is on Fire with Roof
Lost.
During this scenario the following systems are activated
Foam System on T402 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 250 m3/hr
Cooling Water System on T402. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 460 m3/hr
Cooling Water System Tank T401 Half Circuit . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 230 m3/hr
Cooling Water System Tank T403 Half Circuit . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 160 m3/hr
TOTAL: . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1100 m3/hr

3.2.2 PGS 29 Scenario Full Surface Bund Fire


Cooling Water Tank Surface Roof and Shell @ 2 L/min/m2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2521 m3/hr
Foam Solution for Bund Area . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2288 m3/hr
TOTAL: . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4809m3/hr

Note: In the tank bund area with fixed-roof tanks the assumed maximum burning area equals to the sur-
face of the tank bund minus the surface area of the tanks, the largest tank excluded.
For Tank Cooling Water Calculations Refer Fig. 1
For Bund Area Foam Calculations Refer Fig. 2

3.2.3 Butane Truck Fixed Water Spray System


There is butane truck station loading point near the Bund Area 400 Outside the bund wall near T-406.
The Truck pressure tank is covered with an automatic fixed cooling water spray system that covers all
exposed tank surface and pipe connections with a water application rate 10.0 L/min/m2.
Cooling Water Butane Truck Tank Surface 80m2 @ 10 L/min/m2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 48 m3/hr
TOTAL: . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 48 m3/hr

Fire Fighting System Calculations GPS Amsterdam - Phase 2 Expansion


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3.3 Calculations
The proposed fire water and Foam Systems piping is modeled and analyzed with Fluidflow software.
Graphical results are attached in figure3.

The Following cases are analyzed:


1. Fixed Foam System for the Tanks. Design Scenario 3.2.1Tank Cooling Water for the Tanks. Design Sce-
nario 3.2.1.
For this scenario the new 16” Fire Water Ring is assumed to be connected only on the Area 300 exist-
ing Tie-ins 12”
2. PGS29 Fire Scenario for both bund area bund and all tanks simultaneous cooling

Fire Fighting System Calculations GPS Amsterdam - Phase 2 Expansion


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4 Conclusion

4.1 Base Scenario


The maximum flow rate design considered is 1100 m3/hr for design scenario described in section 3.2.1.
The existing fire water pumps have a total capacity 2 x 568 m3/hr = 1136 m3/hr and therefore fully sat-
isfy this scenario.

4.2 PGS 29-2016 Full Bund Area Surface Fire Design Scnario
For the new PGS 29-2016 scenario as described in 3.2.2 the total required flow is 4809 m3/hr the addi-
tion of a large Fire Pump station is mandatory. Taking into consideration the existing Fire Pumps capacity
we have the following requirement:

Fire Water Demand Fuul Bund Fire Design Scenario . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4809 m3/hr
Existing Pumps 3 x 568 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1704 m3/hr
New Fire Pumps Additional Min. Required Flow . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3105 m3/hr
New Fire Pumps assuming 4 x 33% . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 x 1035 m3/hr
Proposed New Fire Pumps Capacity assuming 4 x 33% . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 x 5000 Usgpm
Actual Fire Pump Duty Capacity 3 x 5000 Uspgm . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 x 1135 m3/hr
By installing 4 x 33% new fire pumps each at 5000 Usgpm capacity there is an extra fire water 300 m3/hr
capacity.

Fire Fighting System Calculations GPS Amsterdam - Phase 2 Expansion


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5 Area 400 Fire Cooling Calculation
Fig. 1 Area 400 Tank Cooling Water Calculation

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Fire Fighting System Calculations GPS Amsterdam - Phase 2 Expansion


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Fig. 2 Area 400 Bund Fire Foam Application Calculations

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Fire Fighting System Calculations GPS Amsterdam - Phase 2 Expansion


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Fig. 3 Area 400 Tank Fixed Foam System Calculations

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GPS Amsterdam Expansion Project 11

6 Hydraulic Flow Diagrams


Fig. 4 Area 400 Tank and Bund Layout


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GPS Amsterdam Expansion Project 12
Fig. 5 Hydraulic Flow Analysis Diagram Design Scenario 3.2.2

59 52
49 48
Static P res s ure 9 .6 3 bar g Flow 3 8 2 m3 /h
Flow 3 8 2 .0 m3 /h
L ength 220 m
Foam P roportioning U nit Foam P roportioning U nit
N ominal S ize 4 5 0 mm
Water Flow Water Flow
Flow 1 7 1 1 .6 m3 /h

8 38 63 39 40 41 42 43 58 50 9 12

L ength 210 m
N ominal S ize 1 2 inc h
Fric tion L os s 5 .6 8 m Fluid
22 T - 4 0 2 C ooling Water 21
Flow 8 8 2 .0 m3 /h
2 x 2 3 0 m3 /hr T -4 0 3 C ooling Water I n V eloc ity 3 .3 6 m/s
23 20 2 x 1 6 0 m3 /hr

S tatic P res s ure 7 .0 3 bar g Static P res s ure 7 .5 6 bar g L ength 53 m


Flow 2 3 0 .0 m3 /h Flow 1 7 0 .0 m3 /h Flow 1 6 3 .0 m3 /h N ominal S ize 1 2 inc h
24 T -4 0 1 C ooling Water 25 Static P res s ure 7 .1 1 bar g Static P res s ure 7 .4 1 bar g
2 x 2 3 0 m3 /hr
Flow 2 3 0 .0 m3 /h Flow 1 7 0 .0 m3 /h

Static P res s ure 7 .0 1 bar g Static P res s ure 6 .9 8 bar g


11 3
Flow 2 3 0 .0 m3 /h Flow 2 3 0 .0 m3 /h
60
64
L ength 6 m
Foam P roportioning U nit
Water Flow N ominal S ize 1 2 inc h
Fric tion L os s 0 .5 8 m Fluid
51 Flow 1 1 3 .0 m3 /h
55 Full Surface Bund Fire Flow 1 7 0 4 .0 m3 /h
Foam Application 2288 m3/hr 5 0 0 gpm H ydrant I n V eloc ity 6 .4 8 m/s
6 x 382 m3/hr FPU
Static P res s ure 9 .6 2 bar g Flow 5 0 .0 m3 /h
Flow 3 8 2 .0 m3 /h

Area 400 Tank 14 74 73


Cooling Water
4 x 460 m3/hr for 61
65
D36mxH25m Tanks
Butane T ruc k
2 x 340 m3/hr for 15
1 x 5 0 m3 /hr
D28mxH25m Tanks
Flow 5 0 .0 m3 /h

67 L ength 53 m
69
N ominal S ize 1 2 inc h
T -4 0 6 C ooling Water
T - 4 0 4 C ooling Water Fric tion Los s 1 .2 5 m Fluid
T -4 0 5 C ooling Water 2 x 1 6 0 m3 /hr
2 x 2 3 0 m3 /hr
Static P res s ure 8 .6 1 bar g 2 x 2 3 0 m3 /hr Flow 8 2 2 .0 m3 /h

Flow 3 8 2 .0 m3 /h I n V eloc ity 3 .1 3 m/s

2Flow
6 2 3 0 .0 m3 /h 2Flow
7 2 3 0 .0 m3 /h 2Flow
8 2 3 0 .0 m3 /h 2Flow
9 2 3 0 .0 m3 /h 3Flow
0 1 7 0 .0 m3 /h 3Flow
1 1 7 0 .0 m3 /h
Flow 0 .0 m3 /h

1 45

6 37 66 36 35 34 32 33 57 70 10 4
Static P res s ure 1 1 .9 7 bar g Flow 3 2 7 0 .2 m3 /h
Length 25 m L ength 200 m Flow 1 7 0 4 .0 m3 /h Static P res s ure 1 1 .8 0 bar g
N ominal Size 4 0 0 mm N ominal S ize 1 2 inc h
Fric tion L os s 4 .7 3 m Fluid
Existing Fire Pump Skid Estimated Additional
Flow 8 2 2 .0 m3 /h
N ominal Size 2 2 5 mm
3 x 560 m3/hr @ 11.8 Flow Requirement
I n V eloc ity 3 .1 3 m/s
Size 7 .1 8 in
barg To be provided as
4 x 33% Fire Pump Units
62 53 4 x 5000 gpm Units
Foam P roportioning U nit
Static P res s ure 9 .9 8 bar g
Water Flow
Flow 3 8 2 .0 m3 /h

Static P res s ure 9 .6 4 bar g


Foam P roportioning U nit
Flow 3 8 2 .0 m3 /h
Water Flow

71 75

L ength 220 m
N ominal S ize 4 5 0 mm
C las s ific ation S D R1 1
Flow 1 5 5 8 .6 m3 /h
S ize 1 4 .1 8 in
O ut V eloc ity 4 .2 5 m/s
GPS Amsterdam Expansion Project 13
Fig. 6 Hydraulic Flow Analysis Diagram Design Scenario 3.2.1 Foam System

T ien to exis ting A rea 3 0 0


V alved C onnec tion 6 '
A 400 8 9 12

L ength 150 m L ength 210 m


N ominal Size 8 inc h N ominal Size 6 inc h
Flow 2 5 4 .5 m3 /h Fric tion L os s 1 .6 bar
Flow 2 5 4 .5 m3 /h
I n V eloc ity 3 .7 9 m/s

F oam C hamber - M aker


I ns talled on T ank T 4 0 1
L ength 50 m
D es ign F low 1 2 5 m3 /hr
N ominal Size 8 inc h 2 L ength 53 m
19
Fric tion L os s 0 .1 bar N ominal Size 6 inc h
Flow 2 5 4 .6 m3 /h
I n V eloc ity 2 .1 9 m/s E levation 25 m
I n Static P res s ure 3 .3 bar g
F low 1 2 7 .3 m3 /h

7 17
Flow 0 .0 m3 /h

11 3
L ength 40 m
N ominal Size 6 inc h
F ric tion L os s 0 .3 bar L ength 6 m

F low 2 5 4 .6 m3 /h N ominal Size 6 inc h

I n V eloc ity 3 .7 9 m/s Foam C hamber - M aker Fric tion L os s 0 .0 bar


I ns talled on T ank T 4 0 1 Flow 2 5 4 .5 m3 /h
D es ign Flow 1 2 5 m3 /hr L ength 10 m
I n V eloc ity 3 .7 9 m/s
16 N ominal Size 6 inc h
18
Fric tion L os s 0 .0 bar L ength 6 m
L ength 50 m N ominal Size 6 inc h
Flow 0 .0 m3 /h 1 3
N ominal Size 8 inc h E levation 25 m Fric tion L os s 0 .0 bar
I n V eloc ity 0 .0 0 m/s
Fric tion L os s 0 .0 bar I n Static P res s ure 3 .3 bar g Flow 2 5 4 .5 m3 /h
Flow 0 .0 m3 /h F low 1 2 7 .3 m3 /h I n V eloc ity 3 .7 9 m/s
I n V eloc ity 0 .0 0 m/s 14

L ength 43 m
N ominal Size 6 inc h
6 10 4
F ric tion L os s 0 .0 bar
F low 0 .0 m3 /h
L ength 150 m L ength 200 m
I n V eloc ity 0 .0 0 m/s
N ominal Size 8 inc h T ien to exis ting A rea 3 0 0 N ominal Size 6 inc h
F ric tion L os s 0 .0 bar V alved C onnec tion 6 ' Fric tion L os s 0 .0 bar
F low 0 .0 m3 /h Flow 0 .0 m3 /h
I n V eloc ity 0 .0 0 m/s I n V eloc ity 0 .0 0 m/s

1 15

F luid water
E levation 0 m
U nique N ame F oam Skid
F low 2 5 4 .5 m3 /h
St ti P 10 0 b
GPS Amsterdam Expansion Project 14
Fig. 7 Hydraulic Flow Analysis Diagram Design Scenario 3.2.1 Tank 402 and Adjacent Tanks Cooling System

Tien to existing Area 300


Valved Connection 6'
A400 8 62 63 20 59 9 12

Length 37.5 m Length 18.75 m Length 18.75 m Length 37.5 m Length 37.5 m Length 210 m
Nominal Size 16 inch Nominal Size 16 inch Nominal Size 16 inch Nominal Size 16 inch Nominal Size 16 inch Nominal Size 12 inch
Flow 0.0 m3/h Flow 230.0 m3/h Flow 470.4 m3/h Flow 700.4 m3/h Flow 860.4 m3/h Friction Loss 0.5 bar
Flow 860.4 m3/h

60 In Velocity 3.27 m/s

Static Pressure 8.2 bar g


Flow 230.0 m3/h
34 35 41 23 19
T401 Half Circuit
33 58
Design Flow 230 m3/hr

32

Friction Loss 5.7 bar Static Pressure 8.3 bar g


Flow 240.4 m3/h
Sprinkler K 4.10 Flow 160.0 m3/h
In Static Pressure 4.8 bar g
Flow 8.5 m3/h
T403 Half Circuit
36 24 45 25 52 Design Flow160 m3/hr

Length 53 m
Nominal Size 12 inch
37

50 49 48

38

2
Length 100 m Flow 0.0 m3/h
Nominal Size 16 inch 22 21 46 56 55
Friction Loss 0.0 bar
Flow 0.0 m3/h 57 T402 Half Circuit
Design Flow 230 m3/hr
In Velocity 0.00 m/s
31

26 40 51 54

30

Friction Loss 4.2 bar


Sprinkler K 4.10

29 In Static Pressure 3.6 bar g


11 3
Flow 7.3 m3/h
39 44 42 28 27 43
Length 6m
Nominal Size 6 inch

Friction Loss 5.7 bar Friction Loss 0.5 bar

Sprinkler K 4.10 Flow 860.3 m3/h


Length 10 m
In Static Pressure 4.8 bar g In Velocity 12.81 m/s
Nominal Size 12 inch
Flow 8.5 m3/h Length 6m
Friction Loss 0.0 bar
Flow 0.0 m3/h 13 Nominal Size 6 inch

In Velocity 0.00 m/s Friction Loss 0.5 bar


Flow 860.3 m3/h
In Velocity 12.81 m/s
14

Length 43 m
This section is out of Nominal Size 12 inch
6 10 4
service Friction Loss 0.0 bar
Flow 0.0 m3/h
Length 150 m Length 200 m
In Velocity 0.00 m/s
Nominal Size 16 inch Nominal Size 12 inch
Tien to existing Area 300
Friction Loss 0.0 bar Valved Connection 6' Friction Loss 0.0 bar
Flow 0.0 m3/h Flow 0.0 m3/h
In Velocity 0.00 m/s In Velocity 0.00 m/s

1 15

Fluid water
Elevation 0 m
Unique Name Fire Pump
Flow 860.2 m3/h
Static Pressure 11.8 bar g