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Entrepreneurship Training

Institute
Entrance Exams (February, 2018)

Logic & Reason


Time: 1 hour

All questions carry equal marks. Answer all


questions in both Sections.

Section 1
Answer ‘truly’ or ‘falsely.’

1. Logic is the justification of our beliefs and the judgments. (4


marks).

2. Reasoning is man’s attempt to provide sense in his life and


in the world. (4 marks).

3. People use logic in every situation. (4 marks).

4. Deductive and Inductive Arguments are the only kinds of


arguments we have in logic. (4 marks).

5. An argument can be true or false. (4 marks).

6. A statement is a sentence which is either true of false, but


not both. (4 marks).

7. Statements can be made in any language. (4 marks).


8. The reasons offered within an argument are called
‘conclusion,’ and the proposition that the conclusions are
offered for is called the ‘premise.’ (4 marks).

9. Premises are statements that, when joined together, will


lead the reader to the conclusion. (4 marks).

10. The informative function of language affirms or denies


propositions. (4 mark)

11. Expressive language discourse is best regarded as


neither true nor false. (4 mark)

12. If someone believed that whales are mammals and


that all mammals are fish, then it would also make sense for
that individual to believe that whales are fish. (4 marks).

13. Language has several functions. (4 marks).

14. The directive use of language is true or false and aims


to cause some overt action by a human agent. (4 marks).

15. The form of language use in a particular instance


often depends more on the grammatical form or vocabulary
of what is said, than on the specific context and tone of
voice. (4 marks).

16. Logic is chiefly concerned with the relationship


between the premises and the conclusion of an argument. (4
marks).

17. Studying the correct principles of reasoning is the


same as studying the psychology of reasoning. (4 marks).

18. Many of the most common words and phrases of any


language have both a literal meaning and an emotive
meaning. (4 marks).
19. “The room is cool,” might be used in different contexts
as informative (an observation), expressive (how one feels
at the moment), or directive (to turn off the air
conditioning). (4 marks).

20. The function of language that is used to affirm or deny


propositions is known as expressive use of language. (4
marks).

21. When we use language, sometimes we want the words


to mean exactly what they say. This is called emotive
language. (4 marks).

Section 2
Select the clue or answer that best infers what the following
passages are describing.

22. “Now that you’ve built up your arm and leg strength,
you are ready to go. Before you begin, you need to
remember that the sport requires more than a board and
water. First, you need a great deal of balance. The waves
are always changing and moving. The rider’s feet must be
positioned and repositioned on the board to avoid falling.
Second, you need good vision. It is important to observe
how your wave is changing and make adjustments.”
What sport is being described in the passage? (4 marks).

a. Diving
b. Skiing
c. Surfing
d. Swimming

23. Fran was a born worrier. She worried about


everything. When she went on a trip, she worried that she
might forget her ticket or that the train might be late and
she wouldn’t get to her destination on time. When she
drove, she worried that traffic would be terrible. When she
went on vacation, she worried that she would arrive at a
hotel and somehow her reservation would be mixed up and
she wouldn’t have a room.
Fran had a new job. What do you suppose she thought
about the day before she started? (4 marks).

a. Whether she would do well at her job


b. Whether to go food shopping
c. Whether to have dinner at a restaurant
d. Whether she should bring an umbrella

24. Two dogs were kept in the fenced yard of the red brick
house. They were locked in because they liked to run away.
They were friendly dogs, but they barked a lot. When Susan
walked by the house every day on the way to school, she
heard the dogs barking. Even though the dogs were locked
in, she always walked on the other side of the street.
What detail would support the conclusion that Susan was
afraid of dogs? (4 marks).

a. They were locked in because they liked to run away.


b. They were friendly dogs, but they barked a lot.
c. Two dogs were kept in the fenced yard of the red brick
house.
d. Even though the dogs were locked in, she always walked on
the other side of the street.

25. Some people think they don’t move at all while they
sleep. They believe they go to bed and never change
position. Not true. Studies show that everybody makes at
least eight to twelve major posture shifts a night.
Insomniacs may double or triple that.
What is a valid conclusion? (4 marks).

a. Insomniacs shift positions less often than regular sleepers.


b. Insomniacs shift positions more often than regular sleepers.
c. Insomniacs shift positions as much as regular sleepers.
d. Insomniacs do not shift positions at all.
Marking Scheme
26. Logic is the justification of our beliefs and the
judgments. True.

27. Reasoning is man’s attempt to provide sense in his life


and in the world. True.

28. People use logic in every situation. True.

29. Deductive and Inductive Arguments are the only kinds


of arguments we have in logic. True.

30. An argument can be true or false. False.

31. A statement is a sentence which is either true of false,


but not both. True.

32. Statements can be made in any language. True.

33. The reasons offered within an argument are called


‘conclusion,’ and the proposition that the conclusions are
offered for is called the ‘premise.’ False.

34. Premises are assertions that, when joined together,


will lead the reader to the conclusion. True.

35. The informative function of language affirms or denies


propositions. True.

36. Expressive language discourse is best regarded as


neither true nor false. True

37. If someone believed that whales are mammals and


that all mammals are fish, then it would also make sense for
that individual to believe that whales are fish. True.

38. Language has several functions. True.


39. The directive use of language is true or false and aims
to cause some overt action by a human agent. False.

40. The form of language use in a particular instance


often depends more on the grammatical form or vocabulary
of what is said, than on the specific context and tone of
voice. False.

41. Logic is chiefly concerned with the relationship


between the premises and the conclusion of an argument.
True

42. Studying the correct principles of reasoning is the


same as studying the psychology of reasoning. False.

43. Many of the most common words and phrases of any


language have both a literal meaning and an emotive
meaning. True.

44. “The room is cool,” might be used in different contexts


as informative (an observation), expressive (how one feels
at the moment), or directive (to turn off the air
conditioning). True.

45. The function of language that is used to affirm or deny


propositions is known as expressive use of language. False.

46. When we use language, sometimes we want the words


to mean exactly what they say. This is called emotive
language. False.

47. C

48. A

49. D

50. B