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www.gradeup.co 1. Ans. B The value of mobility of electrons in GaAs, Si, Ge are 8500, 3800, 1300 GaAs > Si > Ge . 2. Ans. C 6. Ans. C As for parallel combination, voltage is same So, 3. Ans. C So, Common base gain = 0.99 So, common emitter gain = 7. Ans. A 4. Ans. B Wave length (d) = 1000 nm or 1 Applying KVL in loop (1) -10 + + = 0 So, So, = 5. Ans. D , Also, So, So, 1 | P a g e " id="pdf-obj-0-4" src="pdf-obj-0-4.jpg">
1.
Ans. B
The value of mobility of electrons in GaAs, Si, Ge
are 8500, 3800, 1300
GaAs > Si > Ge
.
2.
Ans. C
6. Ans. C
As for parallel combination, voltage is same
So,
3.
Ans. C
So,
Common base gain
= 0.99
So, common emitter gain
=
7. Ans. A
4.
Ans. B
Wave length (d) = 1000 nm or 1
Applying KVL in loop (1)
-10 +
+
= 0
So,
So,
=
5.
Ans. D
,
Also,
So,
So,

1 | P a g e

8.
Ans. B
11.
Ans. D
Applying virtual short circuit
So, nodal analysis at node B,
Also,
From equation (i) and (ii)
Substituting
= 0
So,
= -400 mV
As,
So,
12.
Ans. A
x(t) is sampled uniformly with period T
9.
Ans. A
As capacitor doesn’t allow sudden change of
So,
13.
Ans. A
voltage, so
short circuit.
So, equivalent impedance is 10
i.e. behaves a
at t =
K = Largest integer value of
So,
At steady state, the capacitor behave as open
circuit.
Equivalent impedance = 20
So the largest integer value of 20.50 ≅ 21
So,
14.
Ans. A
,
The signal in uniformly quantized into 4096 levels
n = 12,
form -1 V to 1 V
with
=
As input signal has a peak value of 0.25 V, so only
have 1024 level, so n’ = 10. As signal to
10. Ans. D
Immediate addressing means that the data to be
used is hard-coded into the instruction itself. This is
the fastest method of addressing as it does not
involve main memory at all
quantization noise ratio
= 1.8 + 6n
= 1.8 + 60 = 61.8 dB
15.
Ans. D
Constellation diagrams for various schemes is as
shown

2 | P a g e

www.gradeup.co 20. Ans. B Phase lock loop is used to track the change of frequency in frequency of input signal i.e. frequency offset 21. Ans. B Noise figure = 2 Noise figure (in dB) = 10 2 = 3 dB Also, Noise figure (NF) = NF (in dB) = - 16. Ans. A QPSK (Quadrature Phase Shift Keying) is type of phase shift keying. Unlike BPSK which is a DSBCS modulation scheme with digital information for the message, QPSK is also a DSBCS modulation scheme but it sends two bits of digital information a time (without the use of another carrier frequency). The amount of radio frequency spectrum required to transmit QPSK reliably is half that required for BPSK signals, which in turn makes room for more users on the channel. So, = 34 dB = - NF(dB) 22. Ans. B For reliable communication, limit for is 17. Ans. D = Reed-Solomen codes are based on univariate polynomials over finite fields. They are used to detect and correct multiple errors i.e. burst errors. = -1.6 dB 18. Ans. D Thus, limit for reliable communication is -1.6 dB. If it falls below it errors will be very high. = 0.2 23. Ans. B = 926.4 kHz 19. Ans. D As input frequencies are passed through non linear filter so output signal is of the form So, there will be multiple harmonics of frequencies depending on value of Output frequency = Where n and m are integers. So, CNRdB) = 45.23 = 33386.05 3 | P a g e " id="pdf-obj-2-4" src="pdf-obj-2-4.jpg">
20.
Ans. B
Phase lock loop is used to track the change of
frequency in frequency of input signal i.e. frequency
offset
21.
Ans. B
Noise figure = 2
Noise figure (in dB) = 10
2 = 3 dB
Also, Noise figure (NF) =
NF (in dB) =
-
16.
Ans. A
QPSK (Quadrature Phase Shift Keying) is type of
phase shift keying. Unlike BPSK which is a DSBCS
modulation scheme with digital information for the
message, QPSK is also a DSBCS modulation
scheme but it sends two bits of digital information a
time (without the use of another carrier
frequency).
The amount of radio frequency spectrum required
to transmit QPSK reliably is half that required for
BPSK signals, which in turn makes room for more
users on the channel.
So,
= 34 dB
=
- NF(dB)
22.
Ans. B
For reliable communication, limit for
is
17.
Ans. D
=
Reed-Solomen codes are based on univariate
polynomials over finite fields. They are used to
detect and correct multiple errors i.e. burst errors.
= -1.6 dB
18.
Ans. D
Thus, limit for reliable communication is -1.6 dB. If
it falls below it errors will be very high.
= 0.2
23.
Ans. B
= 926.4 kHz
19.
Ans. D
As input frequencies
are passed through
non linear filter so output signal is of the form
So, there will be multiple harmonics of frequencies
depending on value of
Output frequency =
Where n and m are integers.
So,
CNRdB) = 45.23
= 33386.05
www.gradeup.co NOTE = The overall CNR of the link is less than minimum of uplink and downlink CNR. 24. Ans. A Attitude (h) = 35864 km C = Range = 38200 km As, T = 25. Ans. A 30. Ans. C 26. Ans. C Source coding/decoding is used to efficiently sue the number of message bits while channel coding is used to remove the errors in transmission. = x (n-1) (using property of impulse function) 31. Ans. C 27. Ans. C The given FSM corresponds to detector for 1101, as input sequence 001101101010010101 repeats 1101 to times. Hence output goes to ‘1’ twice x(n) = [2,4,6,8,0,1,3,5,79] Down-sampling by 3. X(3n) = [2,8,3,9] Up-stamping by 2. 28. Ans. D = [2,0,8,0,3,0,9] 32. Ans. C Power consumed in CMOS = So, power consumed As the pole lies at z = 2, which is outside unit circle so it is a unstable system. As the output y(n) consist of y(n-1) i.e. finite pole, so given system is IIR filter. 33. Ans. B F = 5 GHz, = 3 cm As velocity plane wave system is unstable IIR filter. 29. Ans. A main-lobe width is radian, and the side-lobe level is 13 dB down. 34. Ans. B Given, 4 | P a g e " id="pdf-obj-3-4" src="pdf-obj-3-4.jpg">
NOTE = The overall CNR of the link is less than
24.
Ans. A
Attitude (h) = 35864 km
C =
Range = 38200 km
As, T =
25.
Ans. A
30.
Ans. C
26.
Ans. C
Source coding/decoding is used to efficiently sue
the number of message bits while channel coding is
used to remove the errors in transmission.
= x (n-1)
(using property of impulse function)
31.
Ans. C
27.
Ans. C
The given FSM corresponds to detector for 1101, as
input sequence 001101101010010101 repeats
1101 to times. Hence output goes to ‘1’ twice
x(n) = [2,4,6,8,0,1,3,5,79]
Down-sampling by 3.
X(3n) = [2,8,3,9]
Up-stamping by 2.
28.
Ans. D
= [2,0,8,0,3,0,9]
32.
Ans. C
Power consumed in CMOS =
So, power consumed
As the pole lies at z = 2, which is outside unit circle
so it is a unstable system. As the output y(n)
consist of y(n-1) i.e. finite pole, so given system is
IIR filter.
33.
Ans. B
F = 5 GHz,
= 3 cm
As velocity plane wave
system is unstable IIR filter.
29.
Ans. A
main-lobe width is
radian, and the side-lobe level is 13 dB down.
34.
Ans. B
Given,
www.gradeup.co Antenna gain = Directivity + = 30-3 = 27 dB (dB) 40. Ans. C Using skin depth = So, VSWR = So, 35. Ans. D Putting value we will get 43.4 Ghz 36. Ans. B F = 300 MHz, = 8 dBi, = 10 dBi 41. Ans. B Sub –reflector of casse grain antenna has a = 25 watts, d = 1 km hyperboloid shape. 42. Ans. B Power Received = Directivity = Where, and are beam-width in E, H plane. So, directivity 43. Ans. = 9.97 Data Missing. The value of Zl is missing. 37. Ans. A 44. Ans. A a = 22.86 mm, b = 10.6 mm, F = 3 GHz As a > b, so mode = As input applied frequency is less than cut-off frequency, the mode is non-propagating. The mode can be made propagating if dielectric with proper dielectric constant is inserted because it decreases phase velocity. 45. Ans. A Diameter = 1 m, F = 30 GHz Phase error = 22.5 degree Fair field = 38. Ans. B modes for either m = 0 & n = 1 is Evanescent mode. 46. Ans. C 39. Ans. A D = 30 dBi, n = 0.5, = -3dB Using, (dB) = Antenna gain (dB) – Directive gain (dB) 5 | P a g e " id="pdf-obj-4-4" src="pdf-obj-4-4.jpg">
Antenna gain = Directivity +
= 30-3 = 27 dB
(dB)
40.
Ans. C
Using skin depth
=
So, VSWR =
So,
35.
Ans. D
Putting value we will get 43.4 Ghz
36.
Ans. B
F = 300 MHz,
= 8 dBi,
= 10 dBi
41.
Ans. B
Sub –reflector of casse grain antenna has a
= 25 watts, d = 1 km
hyperboloid shape.
42.
Ans. B
Directivity =
Where,
and
are beam-width in E, H plane.
So, directivity
43.
Ans.
= 9.97
Data Missing. The value of Zl is missing.
37.
Ans. A
44.
Ans. A
a = 22.86 mm, b = 10.6 mm, F = 3 GHz
As a > b, so
mode =
As input applied frequency is less than cut-off
frequency, the mode is non-propagating.
The mode can be made propagating if dielectric
with proper dielectric constant is inserted because it
decreases phase velocity.
45.
Ans. A
Diameter = 1 m, F = 30 GHz
Phase error = 22.5 degree
Fair field =
38.
Ans. B
modes for either m = 0 & n = 1
is Evanescent mode.
46.
Ans. C
39.
Ans. A
D = 30 dBi, n = 0.5,
= -3dB

Using, (dB) = Antenna gain (dB) Directive gain (dB)

www.gradeup.co Antenna gain = Directivity + = 30-3 = 27 dB (dB) 40. Ans. C Using skin depth = So, VSWR = So, 35. Ans. D Putting value we will get 43.4 Ghz 36. Ans. B F = 300 MHz, = 8 dBi, = 10 dBi 41. Ans. B Sub –reflector of casse grain antenna has a = 25 watts, d = 1 km hyperboloid shape. 42. Ans. B Power Received = Directivity = Where, and are beam-width in E, H plane. So, directivity 43. Ans. = 9.97 Data Missing. The value of Zl is missing. 37. Ans. A 44. Ans. A a = 22.86 mm, b = 10.6 mm, F = 3 GHz As a > b, so mode = As input applied frequency is less than cut-off frequency, the mode is non-propagating. The mode can be made propagating if dielectric with proper dielectric constant is inserted because it decreases phase velocity. 45. Ans. A Diameter = 1 m, F = 30 GHz Phase error = 22.5 degree Fair field = 38. Ans. B modes for either m = 0 & n = 1 is Evanescent mode. 46. Ans. C 39. Ans. A D = 30 dBi, n = 0.5, = -3dB Using, (dB) = Antenna gain (dB) – Directive gain (dB) 5 | P a g e " id="pdf-obj-4-12" src="pdf-obj-4-12.jpg">
www.gradeup.co Antenna gain = Directivity + = 30-3 = 27 dB (dB) 40. Ans. C Using skin depth = So, VSWR = So, 35. Ans. D Putting value we will get 43.4 Ghz 36. Ans. B F = 300 MHz, = 8 dBi, = 10 dBi 41. Ans. B Sub –reflector of casse grain antenna has a = 25 watts, d = 1 km hyperboloid shape. 42. Ans. B Power Received = Directivity = Where, and are beam-width in E, H plane. So, directivity 43. Ans. = 9.97 Data Missing. The value of Zl is missing. 37. Ans. A 44. Ans. A a = 22.86 mm, b = 10.6 mm, F = 3 GHz As a > b, so mode = As input applied frequency is less than cut-off frequency, the mode is non-propagating. The mode can be made propagating if dielectric with proper dielectric constant is inserted because it decreases phase velocity. 45. Ans. A Diameter = 1 m, F = 30 GHz Phase error = 22.5 degree Fair field = 38. Ans. B modes for either m = 0 & n = 1 is Evanescent mode. 46. Ans. C 39. Ans. A D = 30 dBi, n = 0.5, = -3dB Using, (dB) = Antenna gain (dB) – Directive gain (dB) 5 | P a g e " id="pdf-obj-4-14" src="pdf-obj-4-14.jpg">
www.gradeup.co 47. Ans. A VSWR = 1.5 edge, Thus, Y = 1 , Return loss = 20 48. Ans. B , Distance between two successive minima 52. Ans. A So, = 1.58 X 49. Ans. C R = 1 , L = 200 nH/m, G = 300 LG = 200 X 300 X , C = 60 X = 3.97 rad/m 53. Ans. C = RC = As LG = RC, so line is distortionless. For the last Box, C1, C2, C2 will be in series and then parallel to C1 and it follows till the end. 50. Ans. D As three capacitance are in series with each other and parallel to C1, so equivalent circuit is Now, two C2 and 2 are in series and combinely in parallel with C1, so equivalent circuit is : , Now, as 3 capacitance of 3 are in series so C’ = 54. Ans. B For n-MOSFEST in series, overall length = nL and width = W 55. Ans. B = The building block of FPGA is configuration logic block (CLB). 51. Ans. A 56. Ans. B The output Y = A=05h, B=00h,OV=0 When the changes from 1 to 0 i.e. falling 6 | P a g e " id="pdf-obj-5-4" src="pdf-obj-5-4.jpg">
47.
Ans. A
VSWR = 1.5
edge,
Thus, Y = 1
,
Return loss = 20
48.
Ans. B
,
Distance between two successive minima
52.
Ans. A
So,
= 1.58 X
49.
Ans. C
R = 1
, L = 200 nH/m,
G = 300
LG = 200 X 300 X
, C = 60
X
53.
Ans. C
=
RC =
As LG = RC, so line is distortionless.
For the last Box, C1, C2, C2 will be in series and
then parallel to C1 and it follows till the end.
50.
Ans. D
As three capacitance are in series with each other
and parallel to C1, so equivalent circuit is
Now, two C2 and 2
are in series and combinely
in parallel with C1, so equivalent circuit is :
,
Now, as 3 capacitance of 3
are in series so
C’ =
54.
Ans. B
For n-MOSFEST in series, overall length = nL and
width = W
55.
Ans. B
=
The building block of FPGA is configuration logic
block (CLB).
51.
Ans. A
56.
Ans. B
The output Y =
A=05h, B=00h,OV=0
When the
changes from 1 to 0 i.e. falling
www.gradeup.co 57. Ans. D 64. Ans. D Pipelined approach is basically dividing an entire process into small and roughly equal time consumable sub-process. The effect of pipelining is ● Chip area increases as the processes as 58. Ans. A distributed. ● Delay increases ● The main advantage is throughout increases considerably as the clock is applied simultaneously to all the blocks, so clock frequency increases. 65. Ans. C In class F power amplifiers, voltage is a square wave while current is a half sinusoid, which shows Overall noise figure = zero correlation i.e. no overlap. 66. Ans. B = Metal semiconductor diode do not have minority carriers, so reverse recovery time is less. Thus can be used for switching at high frequencies. Noise figure (dB) = 10 67. Ans. B Overall gain (dB) = (dB) + (dB) = 20 dB Schottky barrier diode (due to metal semiconductor) junction are most suitable for 59. Ans. C measurement at microwave frequencies. Dynamic RAM (DRAM) needs continuous refreshing for the operation. There is a minimum clock frequency for refreshing to store data property i.e. constrain on minimum operating frequency. 68. Ans. D Step recovery diodes are used for higher order RF frequency multipliers. 69. Ans. C 60. Ans. A Main purpose of helix structure in TWT is make axial velocity of RF field equals to electron beam for given circuit is velocity so as to transfer the energy over entire length. 61. Ans. A Voltage gain = = 0.1 X 500 = 50 62. Ans. A Normalized Z = For NMOS transistor MOSFET in linear region = MOSEFT in saturation region 63. Ans. C S = (Z – U) (Z + U) Where, U = Unity matrix 7 | P a g e " id="pdf-obj-6-4" src="pdf-obj-6-4.jpg">
57.
Ans. D
64.
Ans. D
Pipelined approach is basically dividing an entire
process into small and roughly equal time
consumable sub-process. The effect of pipelining is
● Chip area increases as the processes as
58.
Ans. A
distributed.
● Delay increases
● The main advantage is throughout increases
considerably as the clock is applied simultaneously
to all the blocks, so clock frequency increases.
65.
Ans. C
In class F power amplifiers, voltage is a square
wave while current is a half sinusoid, which shows
Overall noise figure =
zero correlation i.e. no overlap.
66.
Ans. B
=
Metal semiconductor diode do not have minority
carriers, so reverse recovery time is less. Thus can
be used for switching at high frequencies.
Noise figure (dB) = 10
67.
Ans. B
Overall gain (dB) =
(dB) +
(dB) = 20 dB
Schottky barrier diode (due to metal
semiconductor) junction are most suitable for
59.
Ans. C
measurement at microwave frequencies.
Dynamic RAM (DRAM) needs continuous refreshing
for the operation. There is a minimum clock
frequency for refreshing to store data property i.e.
constrain on minimum operating frequency.
68.
Ans. D
Step recovery diodes are used for higher order RF
frequency multipliers.
69.
Ans. C
60.
Ans. A
Main purpose of helix structure in TWT is make
axial velocity of RF field equals to electron beam
for given circuit is
velocity so as to transfer the energy over entire
length.
61.
Ans. A
Voltage gain
=
= 0.1 X 500 = 50
62.
Ans. A
Normalized Z =
For NMOS transistor
MOSFET in linear region
=
MOSEFT in saturation region
63.
Ans. C
S = (Z – U) (Z + U)
Where, U = Unity matrix
www.gradeup.co 74. Ans. D Thus, 70. Ans. C From the graph, as change of voltage for change in current from maximum to minimum value is large for large power. Hence resistance increases with increases of RF power level. So, % 75. Ans. A 71. Ans. A DC to RF efficiency of class F amplifier is 100% which is achieved by using an infinite number of harmonics to yield square and half-wave sinusoid = 100, , waveform shapes at device drain for voltage and current respectively. , , 76. Ans. A From diagram, In order to match the network for complex conjugate at the output of device to 50 = 0.2 . This condition is fulfilled with only among various options. 77. Ans. B BW = 3000 Hz, SNR = 1023 = 39 k C = So, 72. Ans. A For Shannon Hartley law microstrip line antenna is more radiative over stripline antenna. 73. Ans. A So, maximum data rate for error free transmission in 30 kbps. = 45 °C./Watt 78. Ans. D PN Chip rate is = 1mbps = 8 W = 20 W =1000000 ps Transmission data rate = 1kbps = 1000ps Data transmit users = 55 °C = ? = 1000 users But, required = = 10 db So, maximum number of users = 100 8 | P a g e " id="pdf-obj-7-4" src="pdf-obj-7-4.jpg">
74.
Ans. D
Thus,
70.
Ans. C
From the graph, as change of voltage for change in
current from maximum to minimum value is large
for large power. Hence resistance increases with
increases of RF power level.
So, %
75.
Ans. A
71.
Ans. A
DC to RF efficiency of class F amplifier is 100%
which is achieved by using an infinite number of
harmonics to yield square and half-wave sinusoid
= 100,
,
waveform shapes at device drain for voltage and
current respectively.
,
,
76.
Ans. A
From diagram,
In order to match the network for complex
conjugate at the output of device to 50
= 0.2
.
This condition is fulfilled with
only
among various options.
77.
Ans. B
BW = 3000 Hz, SNR = 1023
= 39 k
C =
So,
72.
Ans. A
For Shannon Hartley law
microstrip line antenna is more radiative over
stripline antenna.
73.
Ans. A
So, maximum data rate for error free transmission
in 30 kbps.
= 45 °C./Watt
78.
Ans. D
PN Chip rate is = 1mbps
= 8 W
= 20 W
=1000000 ps
Transmission data rate = 1kbps
= 1000ps
Data transmit users
= 55 °C
= ?
=
1000 users
But, required
=
= 10 db
So, maximum number of users = 100
www.gradeup.co 79. Ans. B = As, V1=V2=12V So, energy stored = 80. Ans. C At steady state, capacitor will be open circulated, So, equivalent circuit is = So, energy stored = *** 9 | P a g e " id="pdf-obj-8-4" src="pdf-obj-8-4.jpg">
79. Ans. B
=
As,
V1=V2=12V
So, energy stored =
80. Ans. C
At steady state, capacitor will be open circulated,
So, equivalent circuit is
=
So, energy stored
=
***