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ME 3170: Heat Transfer

(Tutorial 1)

1) Consider a 150-W incandescent lamp. The filament of the lamp is 5 cm long and has a
diameter of 0.5 mm. The diameter of the glass bulb of the lamp is 8 cm. Determine the heat
flux, in W/m2, (a) on the surface of the filament and (b) on the surface of the glass bulb, and
(c) calculate how much it will cost per year to keep that lamp on for eight hours a day
everyday if the unit cost of electricity is Rs. 4 /kWh.

2) The hot water needs of a household are met by an electric 60-L hot water tank equipped
with a 1.6-kW heating element. The tank is initially filled with hot water at 80°C, and the cold
water temperature is 20°C. Someone takes a shower by mixing constant flow rates of hot
and cold waters. After a showering period of 8 minutes, the average water temperature in
the tank is measured to be 60°C. The heater is kept on during the shower and hot water is
replaced by cold water. If the cold water is mixed with the hot water stream at a rate of 0.06
kg/s, determine the flow rate of hot water and the average temperature of mixed water
used during the shower. Take Cp = 4.18 kJ/kg.°C and ρ = 977.6 kg/m3 for water.

3) An aluminium pan whose thermal conductivity is 237 W/m · °C has a flat bottom with
diameter 20 cm and thickness 0.4 cm. Heat is transferred steadily to boiling water in the pan
through its bottom at a rate of 800 W. If the inner surface of the bottom of the pan is at
105°C, determine the temperature of the outer surface of the bottom of the pan.

4) A transistor with a height of 0.4 cm and a diameter of 0.6 cm is mounted on a circuit board.
The transistor is cooled by air flowing over it with an average heat transfer coefficient of 30
W/m2· °C. If the air temperature is 55°C and the transistor case temperature is not to exceed
70°C, determine the amount of power this transistor can dissipate safely. Disregard any heat
transfer from the transistor base.
5) Water at 0oC releases 333.7 kJ/kg of heat as it freezes to ice ( ρ=920 kg/m3) at 0oC. An
aircraft flying under icing conditions maintains a heat transfer co-efficient of 150W/m2K
between air and its wing surfaces. What temperature must the wings be maintained at to
prevent ice forming on them during icing conditions at a thickness rate of 1 mm/min or less.

6) The inner and outer surfaces of a 25-cm thick wall in summer are at 27oC and 44oC,
respectively. The outer surface of the wall exchanges heat by radiation with surrounding
surfaces at 40oC and convection heat transfer coefficient of 8 W/m2K. Solar radiation is
incident on the surface at a rate of 150 W/m2. If both the emissivity and absorptivity of the
outer surface are 0.8, determine effective thermal conductivity of the wall.