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B727 AMM - HYDRAULIC POWER SYSTEMS -

DESCRIPTION AND OPERATION


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HYDRAULIC POWER SYSTEMS - DESCRIPTION AND OPERATION
1. General
A. Hydraulic fluid at 3000 psi pressure, is supplied to the
hydraulically-operated airplane systems by three separate and
independent power systems (Fig. 1). The power systems are
designated as Hydraulic System A, Hydraulic System B and
Standby Hydraulic System. Hydraulic fluid is supplied from
three pressurized reservoirs, one for each power system. System
A receives pressure from two engine-driven pumps installed on
engines No. 1 and 2. System B receives pressure from two
electric motor-driven pumps installed in the left fairing area.
The standby system receives pressure from one electric motor-
driven pump installed in the left sidewall of the aft
stairwell. The hydraulic power system reservoirs are serviced
at the hydraulic fluid filling station in the aft left fairing
area (Ref Chapter 12).
B. Hydraulic System A hydraulic power to the outboard flight
spoilers, ground spoilers, ailerons, leading edge flaps and
slats, trailing edge flaps, landing gear, nose wheel steering,
elevators, lower rudder, and main wheel brakes when the brake
interconnect valve is open (Ref 29-11-0).
C. Hydraulic System B supplies hydraulic power to the ailerons,
elevators, inboard flight spoilers, aft airstairs, upper
rudder, and main wheel brakes (Ref 29-12-0).
D. The standby hydraulic system supplies power to the lower rudder
and the leading edge flaps and slats standby hydraulic motor
and pump assembly (Ref 29-21-0).
2. Modular Units
A. Modular units are used in the hydraulic power systems to
manifold hydraulic fluid to various easily replaceable
cartridge-type components. This allows component removal
without disrupting tube connections. For a description of
individual modular units, refer to the applicable hydraulic
system.
3. Hydraulic Fluid

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B727 AMM - HYDRAULIC POWER SYSTEMS -
DESCRIPTION AND OPERATION
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A. BMS 3-11 is the general specification for the fluid that is


circulated through all hydraulically operated systems. It is a
fire-resistant base fluid to which suitable additives have been
incorporated. All types of fluid under this specification are
completely miscible with each other in any degree of mixture
with no separation, precipitation or cloudiness. All airplane
equipment using BMS 3-11 are identified by nameplates. Areas
where hydraulic fluid may leak are designated as possible BMS
3-11 contamination areas. Special paint and protective finishes
are used to prevent damage in these areas. Refer to Chapter 51,
Structures - Protective Finishes.
B. BMS 3-11 has little or no effect on the metals used in aircraft
construction up to 240 degrees F. Only materials compatible
with BMS 3-11 fluids, such as ethylene propylene, butyl rubber
and teflon, are used for system seals, gaskets, O-rings, and
hose linings.
C. Skin irritation in the form of dry or cracked skin may result
from prolonged or repeated contact with BMS 3-11. It also
causes painful but temporary irritation to the eyes and may
produce a burning sensation to other sensitive parts of the
body. Inhalation of the fluid in the form of spray of fine mist
may cause irritation of the upper respiratory tract. To
minimize contact with BMS 3-11, wear gloves, goggles, face
shields or safety glasses whenever there is danger of exposure.
If exposure occurs, flush the eyes immediately with water and
report to medical for observation.
4. Hydraulic Tubing and Flexible Hoses
A. Hydraulic Tubing
(1) All hydraulic pressure lines in the airplane hydraulic
systems subject to pressure above 1500 psi are made of
corrosion resistant seamless steel tubing. Corrosion
resistant seamless steel tubing is used in class I fire
zones and on the landing gear structure regardless of
pressure. All other lines are made of aluminum alloy
seamless tubing except for the 1/4-inch return lines in
the three wheel wells and exposed areas in body section
58. These lines are made of corrosion resistant seamless
steel tubing. Tubing of 3/4-inch outside diameter and
under uses flareless type fittings. For pressures under
1500 psi aluminum fittings are used. For pressures over

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B727 AMM - HYDRAULIC POWER SYSTEMS -
DESCRIPTION AND OPERATION
Revision

1500 psi titanium and steel fittings are used. Tubing of


one-inch outside diameter and above uses flared type
fittings. On this tubing size aluminum fittings are used,
except in class I fire zones and on the landing gear
structure where titanium or steel fittings are used.
(2) When tube assembly replacement is required, a new tube
assembly having the same part number as the existing tube
assembly should be used. However, tube assemblies whose
dash numbers have an "X" suffix are not stocked spares
and can only be replaced by bending another tube assembly
to the same contour from the same material as the
existing tube assembly.
B. Flexible Hoses
(1) Flexible hose used in the hydraulic systems are teflon
high and medium pressure type. High pressure hoses are
used in the pressure lines. Medium pressure hoses are
used in supply lines, return lines and brake lines.
5. Hydraulic System Check Valves
A. Check valves are installed in the hydraulic power systems to
prevent reverse flow of fluid, direct fluid flow, prevent fluid
loss, and to isolate hydraulically-operated subsystems (Fig.
1) . Flow direction through a valve is shown by an arrow on the
valve body. Normally no maintenance other than removal and
installation is required of a check valve.
6. Hydraulic Fluid Filling Station
A. The hydraulic fluid filling station is provided to fill all
hydraulic power system reservoirs from one location. The
servicing station is in the aft left fairing area, and is
accessible through an access door. The filling equipment
consists of a manually-operated hand pump, filter, system A
fluid quantity indicator and service connection for external
fluid servicing (Fig. 2). For hydraulic power systems fluid
servicing procedures, refer to Chapter 12, Hydraulic Fluid
Servicing.
B. The hydraulic servicing filter is installed downstream of the
manually-operated hand pump and external servicing connector
(Fig. 3). The servicing filter prevents contamination of the
system filters and reservoirs during ground filling. The filter

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is installed in the left fairing area and consists of a filter


head, noncleanable element, and a filter bowl.

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DESCRIPTION AND OPERATION
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Hydraulic Power System Schematic


Figure 1 (Sheet 1)

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DESCRIPTION AND OPERATION
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DESCRIPTION AND OPERATION
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Hydraulic Fluid Filling Equipment Location


Figure 2 (Sheet 1)

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Hydraulic Reservoir Filling System Schematic


Figure 3 Sheet 1 (Sheet 1)
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DESCRIPTION AND OPERATION
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Hydraulic Reservoir Filling System Schematic


Figure 3 Sheet 2 (Sheet 2)
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DESCRIPTION AND OPERATION
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Hydraulic Reservoir Filling System Schematic


Figure 3 Sheet 3 (Sheet 3)
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DESCRIPTION AND OPERATION
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Hydraulic Reservoir Servicing Filter


Figure 4 (Sheet 1)

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DESCRIPTION AND OPERATION
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