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Tutorial-II

1. Find the heat transfer per unit area through the composite wall in Figure 1. Assume one-dimensional heat ﬂow.

2. A 5-mm-diameter spherical ball at 50 C is covered by a 1-mm-thick plastic insulation (k=0.13 W/m- C). The ball is exposed to a medium at 15 C, with a combined convection and radiation heat transfer coefﬁcient of 20 W/m 2 - C. Determine if the plastic insulation on the ball will help or hurt heat transfer from the ball.

3. A certain material 2.5 cm thick, with a cross-sectional area of 0.1 m 2 , has one side maintained at 35 C and the other at 95 C. The temperature at the center plane of the material is 62 C , and the heat ﬂow through the material is 1 kW. Obtain an expression for the thermal conductivity of the material as a function of temperature (Assume linear variation for K).

4. A plane wall 6.0 cm thick generates heat internally at the rate of 0.3 MW/m 3 . One side of the wall is insulated, and the other side is exposed to an environment at 93 C. The convection heat-transfer coefﬁcient between the wall and the environment is 570 W/m 2 - C . The thermal conductivity of the wall is 21 W/m- C. Calculate the maximum temperature in the wall.

5. Consider a house whose walls are 12m high and 40m long. Two of the walls of the house have no windows, while each of the other two walls has four windows made of 2.083 cm thick glass (k = 0.45 W/m-K), 3m ×5m in size. The walls are certiﬁed to have an R-value of 19 (i.e., an L/k value of 19 K-m 2 /W ). Disregarding any direct radiation gain or loss through the windows and taking the heat transfer coefﬁcients at the inner and outer surfaces of the house to be 2 and 4 W/m 2 -K, respectively, determine the ratio of the heat transfer through the walls with and without windows.

(a)

Figure 1: Problem 1

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Tutorial-II solution

1. Find the heat transfer per unit area through the composite wall in Figure 1. Assume one-dimensional heat ﬂow.

Solution:

(a) problem 1

(b) problem 1 ﬁgure

Figure 2: solution of problem 1

2. A 5-mm-diameter spherical ball at 50 C is covered by a 1-mm-thick plastic insulation (k=0.13 W/m- C). The ball is exposed to a medium at 15 C, with a combined convection and radiation heat transfer coefﬁcient of 20 W/m 2 - C. Determine if the plastic insulation on the ball will help or hurt heat transfer from the ball.

Solution:

(a) problem 2

Figure 3: solution of problem 2

3. A certain material 2.5 cm thick, with a cross-sectional area of 0.1 m 2 , has one side maintained at 35 C and the other at 95 C. The temperature at the center plane of the material is 62 C , and the heat ﬂow through the material is 1 kW. Obtain an expression for the thermal conductivity of the material as a function of temperature (Assume linear variation for K).

4. A plane wall 6.0 cm thick generates heat internally at the rate of 0.3 MW/m 3 . One side of the wall is insulated, and the other side is exposed to an environment at 93 C. The convection heat-transfer coefﬁcient

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between the wall and the environment is 570 W/m 2 - C . The thermal conductivity of the wall is 21 W/m- C. Calculate the maximum temperature in the wall.

(a) problem 3

(b) problem 4

Figure 4: solution of problem 3 and 4

5. Consider a house whose walls are 12m high and 40m long. Two of the walls of the house have no windows, while each of the other two walls has four windows made of 2.083 cm thick glass (k = 0.45 W/m-K), 3m ×5m in size. The walls are certiﬁed to have an R-value of 19 (i.e., an L/k value of 19 K-m 2 /W ). Disregarding any direct radiation gain or loss through the windows and taking the heat transfer coefﬁcients at the inner and outer surfaces of the house to be 2 and 4 W/m 2 -K, respectively, determine the ratio of the heat transfer through the walls with and without windows.

(a) problem 5

Figure 5: solution of problem 5

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