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that title of my presentation which in

effect is a conversation in my heart

with you is dialogue in the midst of
conflict searching for security in the
Asia of globalization a serious
conversation and I address this issue as
a practitioner of international conflict
resolution who for the past 17 years has
worked in the Asia Pacific the Middle
East South Africa and North America as a
mediator kiss building trainer dialogue
facilitator advisor the basic message I
want to share with you today is the
imperative of deep proactive and
skillful dialogue and the basis for
national and international security and
indeed a likely life in general and I
addressed this issue in three cumulative
points number one is to share with you
my emerging idea about what I mean by
dialogue and its importance in today's
globalized society the second idea I
want to address together with you is in
fact my personal reflections on the past
17 years of my journey as a practitioner
in various conflict affected societies
and thirdly I want to draw a few lessons
we can learn for a larger idea of global
security and also for how we conduct
ourselves in context our diverse Lee
diver you know multicultural and diverse
in many different have different
respects so first I want to start by
sharing my ideas about what I mean by
dialogue dialogue to me is a sustained
interactive process
of mutual learning among two or more
parties by means of wholehearted
speaking on how wholehearted listening
when it is applied in conflict-affected
societies it necessary has a feature of
joint exploration of the roots of
seemingly intolerable differences and
that joint search for a way of
coexistence or coexistence that is
nonviolent but in today's communicate
not dialogue with you in in my heart I
want to just expand the notion of
dialogue to include the kinds of
collective group based processes that
open a new space for conversation
through such means as let's say
inter-communal markets that are capable
of bringing divided people together or
inter cultural educational exchange or
informal exchanges for
confidence-building between political
and security leaders from divided size
of the conflict why is the subject
important in today's age of
globalization to me there are many
reasons for it but one single thing
stands out and that is that we live in
the world where words and armed
conflicts kill 1.5 million people each
year dislocate forty two million people
from homes each year and to cope with
those crises humanity is at home is so
winning and capable of allocating nine
point five trillion dollars or 11%
of global GDP to build up arms or have
meeting arrangements to cope with the
emerging violent crisis note the root
causes these crises have many roots one
of them is a well known challenge about
400 years old or longer and that
challenge has to do with the enduring
tension between nations as historical
cultural groups along edges and
religions and states as legal entities
later stages for mathematic experience
we have about 200 states in the world
and at least let us say 2000 nations
cultural groups in the world so if you
do the mathematic on average each state
has to contain ten nations all or some
of them speak in different languages
practicing different religions
coexistence is a challenge
now this enduring challenges exacerbated
at least by some new phenomena or new
manifestations of existing phenomena one
of them is globalization that is driven
by the expansion of new technologies
transportation they can speak good ideas
like TED Talks but at the same time
those networks are also capable of
spreading arms next networks appear that
you are aware of another phenomenon that
really compounds this challenge of
coexistence is global climate change the
situation you are I'm pretty sure aware
of that actually drives so many people
as environmental refugees deepen the
scarcity for resources especially in
societies that are socioeconomically
so these new challenges and then during
challenges combined the 21st century is
likely to be and it is unfortunately
already a century in which we have so
many differences cultural religious and
otherwise that are expose in a way that
in the past centuries we didn't have to
see those differences exposed well
people like you who are well informed
about Social Affairs and now some of you
may raise a question all of that is sort
of known and in creative dialog is
somehow understood but we can say look
at this reality we have so many words
security crisis dialogue now here I want
to share just a little bit of my
personal experiences in some of the most
difficult places in a world raising some
questions such as what if we have
different sides of the conflict that do
not have any formal relationship I have
been a facilitator of Taiwanese men on
chinese-american dialogue among young
civil society delegates that are brought
together each year in the United States
and it's called straight on straight
talk started in 2005 when the Chinese
government issued the anti-secession law
which in effect says that Taiwan and you
need any entities that choose to be
independent will be met by all means the
Beijing has you know in his own hands
straight talk started in the midst of
that tension created a channel of civil
society dialogue take a look now
Straight Talk has now spread in four
different locations to try martinas
annual dialogues in another state
one annual dialog in Hong Kong and one
in Taipei
all of them are bringing together
emerging leaders that I respect so
deeply from different sides we can also
ask questions like what about the
context where there is an active warfare
in which dialogue seems to be so
unrealistic ladies and gentlemen it is
my pleasure to be part of an informal
process where I was able to support an
AI witnessing a sincere dialogues
between Syrians from different polygon
backgrounds very difficult tears shed
traumas expressed but I my own eyes
witnessed that from different sides of
the political spectrum people are
capable of listening stories sharing
stories even shedding tears to the
stories told by the other sides given
the right public environment I am
confident that the potential that exists
in the diversity of Syrian society is
capable of initiating conciliation and
eventually much-needed national
reconciliation some of you may argue
well but we have terrorism extremism I
am happy to report to you that over the
last years of my experience with
Pakistani colleagues of different
backgrounds I was able to meet with the
people who used to belong to the
networks of um the resistance who
through dialogues emerged as peace
builders and they themselves the leading
dialogues that really have impact on
thousands of people it's possible others
you what about situations of the
genocide dialog completely unrealistic
tell that to the community members that
I'm working with in Rwanda after a
decade of state-led you know code system
called gotcha civil society is now
leading dialogues for reconciliation in
communities such as this whereby both
victims and ex prisoners from the same
geographical location come together yeah
so deeply traumatized but have the
commitment to talk to find a new future
yet others may say well but there are so
many societies for example through a
political transition so I'm familiar
with this whole idea of expansion
learning or conflict resolution dialogue
well I together with my Burmese
colleagues have been working with
different stakeholders in Burma in Yama
whereby Buddhists Muslims Hindus
Christians political party leaders and
other people for the first time could
need by virtue of being introduced to
this idea of proactive sensitive
dialogue based on their learning some of
them are now taking the responsibility
on their own to initiate their own
dialogues without a contribution by
foreigners like me now having said all
of this I have one frustration to share
with you after each and every dialogue
experience I have there is always this
sense that why are we doing this
in the margins of the society what if
even like 1% of the nine point five
trillion dollars spent for arms build-up
and other purposes can be allocated to
strategically analyse and understand the
roots of the conflict that give rise to
violence I can assure you as a social
scientist and the practitioner who have
I witnessed those situations that some
of the crisis we are seeing today you
don't have to be revealed so to add that
vision I would like to draw three basic
conclusions number one let us cultivate
the capacity and the awareness needs to
see violence as a consequence of
untransformed conflict let me put it a
different way behind every single
incident of violence there is an hidden
and transformed conflict conflict as a
system of frustrated relationships with
basic human ease offended second point
we must also cultivate our skill and
capacity to see conflict as an
invitation therefore to a deep
penetrating dialogue whose purpose is to
search for relationships that are being
challenged and in those relationships
find interdependence yeah
the ocean is meant to say that if the
power struggle and contestation are
those waves underlying the waves is a
deeper layers of water that give rise to
those waves let me call this conflict
let me call this violence let me call
this conflict
relationship so whenever we see violence
what is the unresolved conflict not only
at the global level but also in a
community relations my third and final
point therefore is to say let us build a
capacity to use dialog as a process of
activating hidden peace potential in
those interdependent relationships so
ladies and gentlemen here I want to just
conclude by saying that those crises we
see there is a way to have prevented
them one of them is a dialogue about
dialogue energy in a very broad way now
some of you may say you're not involved
in those political situations of the
political situations that is absolutely
fine we are educators parents community
leaders who can touch the lives of
people who are facing differences
differences that could be generate into
violence if it is you can start with
those differences and harness the value
of those differences to create beautiful
diversity then I think the purpose of my
presentation and conversation in my
heart with you has been served thank you
so much for listening
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