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interfaces and electronic signaling specifications? 14.

Which agency developed standards for physical connection


 A) ISO
27. In a _______ connection, more than two devices can share a single
link.
Choose the letter of the best answer in each questions.
1. There are ______________ Internet service providers.  B) ITU-T  A) multipoint
 A) regional  C) ANSI  B) point-to-point
 B) local  D) EIA  C) primary
15. A _______ is a data communication system within a building, plant,
 C) national and international or campus, or between nearby buildings.  D) secondary
 D) all of the above  A) LAN
28. _______ refers to the structure or format of the data, meaning the order
in which they are presented.
2. ______ refers to the physical or logical arrangement of a network.
 B) MAN 
 A) Topology

A) Semantics


C) WAN  B) Syntax
B) Mode of operation
 D) none of the above 
 C) Data flow 16. _______ refers to two characteristics: when data should be sent and
C) Timing

 D) None of the above


how fast it can be sent.  D) All of the above
3. A ______ is a data communication system spanning states,  A) Semantics
29. An unauthorized user is a network _______ issue.
countries, or the whole world.
 B) Timing
 A) Security
 A) MAN
 C) Syntax
 B) Reliability
 B) WAN
 D) none of the above
 C) Performance
 C) LAN 17. This was the first network.  D) All the above
 D) none of the above  A) CSNET
30. ________ is an idea or concept that is a precursor to an Internet
standard.
4. A _______ connection provides a dedicated link between two
devices.  B) NSFNET  A) RCF
 A) primary  C) ARPANET  B) ID
 B) multipoint  D) ANSNET  C) RFC
18. Devices may be arranged in a _____ topology.
 C) point-to-point
 A) mesh
 D) none of the above
 D) secondary
 B) ring
31. In _______ transmission, the channel capacity is shared by both
communicating devices at all times.
5. Which topology requires a multipoint connection?
 A) Bus  C) bus  A) simplex

 B) Star  D) all of the above  B) half-duplex


19. _______ is the protocol suite for the current Internet.  C) full-duplex
C) Mesh
 A) UNIX 
 D) Ring
 B) NCP
D) half-simplex
6. A ________ is a set of rules that governs data communication.
 A) protocol  C) TCP/IP Read more: http://www.pinoybix.org/2013/01/introduction-to-datacom-

 B) forum  D) ACM
and-networking_3.html#ixzz4mVHIKtrG
1. All of the above
20. ________ is a collection of many separate networks.
 C) standard
 A) A WAN
2.
3.
Topology
WAN
 D) none of the above
 B) An internet
4.
5.
Point-to-point
Bus
7. In a ______ connection, two and only two devices are connected by
a dedicated link.  C) A LAN
6.
7.
Protocol
Point-to-point
 A) multipoint  D) None of the above 8. Message
 B) point-to-point 21. In a ________ connection, three or more devices share a link. 9. Semantics


10. Reliability
 C) (a) and (b) A) point-to-point 11. Simplex

 D) none of the above  B) multipoint


12.
13.
All of the above
Forums
8. The information to be communicated in a data communications  C) (a) and (b) 14. EIA
system is the _______.

15. LAN

D) none of the above 16. Timing
A) Medium 22. Which organization has authority over interstate and international 17. ARPANET
 B) Protocol commerce in the communications field? 18. All of the above

 C) Message  A) FCC 19.


20.
TCP/IP
An internet
 D) Transmission  B) IEEE 21. Multipoint
9. ________ defines how a particular pattern to be interpreted, and  C) ITU-T
22.
23.
FCC
IMP's
what action is to be taken based on that interpretation.
 24. Simplex

D) ISOC
A) Syntax 23. In the original ARPANET, _______ were directly connected together. 25. Star


26. Medium
B) Semantics  A) routers 27. Multipoint
 C) Timing  B) host computers
28.
29.
Syntax
Security
 D) None of the above  C) networks 30. RFC
10. Frequency of failure and network recovery time after a failure are 31. Full-duplex
measures of the _______of a network.  D) IMPs


24. Communication between a computer and a keyboard involves Read more: http://www.pinoybix.org/2013/01/introduction-
A) Performance ______________ transmission. to-datacom-and-networking.html#ixzz4mVKCoEKU
 B) Security  A) simplex
 C) Reliability  B) half-duplex
 D) Feasibility  C) full-duplex
11. A television broadcast is an example of _______ transmission.


D) automatic
A) half-duplex 25. Which topology requires a central controller or hub?
 B) simplex  A) Mesh
 C) full-duplex  B) Bus
 D) automatic  C) Star
12. Data flow between two devices can occur in a _______ way.


D) Ring
A) simplex 26. The _______ is the physical path over which a message travels.
 B) half-duplex  A) Protocol
 C) full-duplex  B) Signal
 D) all of the above  C) Medium
13. _______ are special-interest groups that quickly test, evaluate, and
standardize new technologies.  D) All the above

 A) Standards organizations
 B) Regulatory agencies
 C) Forums
 D) All of the above
13. A _________ sine wave is not useful in data communications; we 26. A periodic signal completes one cycle in 0.001 s. What is the frequency?

amplitude is ________ V.
need to send a _______ signal.
 A) 1 Hz

 A) 2
 A) single-frequency; composite
 B) 100 Hz

 B) 1
 B) composite; single-frequency This is the correct  C) 1 KHz
answer.
 C) -2  C) single-frequency; double-frequency
 D) 1 MHz
27. The _____ of a composite signal is the difference between the highest and the lowest
 D) between -2 and 2  D) none of the above
frequencies contained in that signal.
2. _________ can impair a signal. 14. The _________ product defines the number of bits that can fill the  A) period
 A) Noise link.
 B) bandwidth
 B) Attenuation  A) delay-amplitude
 C) frequency
 C) Distortion  B) frequency-amplitude
 D) amplitude
 D) All of the above  C) bandwidth-period 28. ________ is a type of transmission impairment in which an outside source such as
crosstalk corrupts a signal.
3. ________is the rate of change with respect to time.  D) bandwidth-delay

 A) Time 15. _______ signals can have only a limited number of values. A) Noise

 B) Frequency  A) Digital
 B) Distortion

 

C) Attenuation
C) Amplitude B) Analog
 

D) Decibel
D) Voltage C) (a) or (b) 29. _______ describes the position of the waveform relative to time 0.
4. A signal is measured at two different points. The power is P1 at the
first point and P2 at the second point. The dB is 0. This means
 D) None of the above  A) Amplitude
16. Before data can be transmitted, they must be transformed to
________. ________.  B) Phase
 A) P2 equals P1  A) periodic signals  C) Frequency
 B) P2 is zero  B) electromagnetic signals  D) Voltage
 C) P2 is much larger than P1  C) aperiodic signals
30. Given two sine waves A and B, if the frequency of A is twice that of B, then the
period of B is ________ that of A.
 D) P2 is much smaller than P1  D) low-frequency sine waves  A) one-half


5. Baseband transmission of a digital signal is possible only if we have 17. Data can be ________.
a ____ channel. B) twice

 A) bandpass
 A) digital  C) the same as

 B) low-pass
 B) analog  D) indeterminate from

  C) (a) or (b)
31. As frequency increases, the period ________.
C) high rate
  A) increases
 D) low rate
D) none of the above
18. ________ is a type of transmission impairment in which the signal  B) decreases
6. ________ is a type of transmission impairment in which the signal

loses strength due to the different propagation speeds of each frequency
loses strength due to the resistance of the transmission medium. that makes up the signal. C) doubles

 A) Distortion  A) Noise  D) remains the same

 B) Attenuation  B) Distortion
32. If the available channel is a ____ channel, we cannot send a digital signal directly to
the channel.

 C) Noise  C) Attenuation  A) low-pass

 D) Decibel  D) Decibel  B) low rate


7. A sine wave in the ______ domain can be represented by one single
spike in the _____ domain.
19. Signals can be ________.  C) bandpass

 A) time; phase
 A) digital  D) high rate

 B) frequency; time
 B) analog
33. For a ______ channel, the Nyquist bit rate formula defines the theoretical maximum
bit rate.

 C) time; frequency
 C) either (a) or (b)  A) low-pass

 D) phase; time
 D) neither (a) nor (b)  B) bandpass


20. A sine wave is ________.
8. If the bandwidth of a signal is 5 KHz and the lowest frequency is 52

C) noisy


KHz, what is the highest frequency? A) periodic and discrete
 
D) noiseless
A) 5 KHz B) aperiodic and discrete 34. In a frequency-domain plot, the horizontal axis measures the ________.

 B) 47 KHz  C) periodic and continuous  A) phase

 C) 57 KHz  D) aperiodic and continuous  B) frequency

 D) 10 KHz
21. _______ data have discrete states and take discrete values.
 C) slope
9. In a time-domain plot, the horizontal axis is a measure of ________.  A) Analog
 D) peak amplitude
 A) phase  B) Digital
Answer Key:
 B) signal amplitude  C) (a) or (b) 1. -2
 C) frequency  D) None of the above
2. All of the above
3. Frequency
 D) time
22. For a ______ channel, we need to use the Shannon capacity to find
the maximum bit rate.
4. P2 equals P1
10. _______ data are continuous and take continuous values. 5. Low-pass

 A) digital
 A) noiseless 6. Attenuation
7. Time; frequency
 B) analog
 B) noisy 8. 57 KHz

 C) (a) or (b)
 C) low-pass
9. Time
10. Analog

 D) none of the above


 D) bandpass 11. inverse of each other
23. What is the bandwidth of a signal that ranges from 1 MHz to 4 MHz? 12. distance a signal or bit has traveled
11. Frequency and period are ______.

13. single-frequency; composite
 A) proportional to each other
A) 1 KHz 14. Bandwidth-delay

 B) inverse of each other


 B) 3 MHz
15. Digital
16. Electromagnetic signals

 C) the same
 C) 4 MHz 17. Analog or Digital


18. Distortion
 D) none of the above
D) none of the above
24. _____ signals can have an infinite number of values in a range.
19. Either analog or digital
20. Periodic and continuous
12. When propagation speed is multiplied by propagation time, we get
the ________.  A) Analog 21. Digital
22. Noisy
 A) wavelength of the signal  B) Digital 23. 3 MHz
 B) throughput  C) (a) or (b)
24. Analog
25. Digital
 C) distance a signal or bit has traveled  D) None of the above 26. 1 KHz
27. Bandwidth
 D) distortion factor
1. If the maximum amplitude of a sine wave is 2 V, the minimum
25. A(n)_________ signal is a composite analog signal with an infinite 28. Noise
bandwidth. 29. Phase
30. Twice
 A) digital 31. Decreases
 B) analog
32. Bandpass
33. Noiseless
 C) either (a) or (b) 34. Frequency

 D) neither (a) nor (b)


 A) session
26. When a host on network A sends a message to a host on network B,
which address does the router look at?

1. The ______ layer adds a header to the packet coming from the
 B) transport  A) logical
upper layer that includes the logical addresses of the sender and  C) data link  B) physical
receiver.
 D) network 
 A) data link
C) port


14. ICMPv6 includes _______. D) none of the above
B) network
 C) physical
 A) IGMP
27. As the data packet moves from the upper to the lower layers, headers
are _______.

 D) none of the above


 B) ARP  A) Rearranged
2. Which of the following is an application layer service?  C) RARP  B) Removed
 A) File transfer and access  D) a and b  C) Added
 B) Mail service
15. The ____ address uniquely defines a host on the Internet.

 C) Remote log-in
 A) IP
D) Modified
28. The physical layer is concerned with the movement of _______ over
 the physical medium.

B) port
D) All the above
3. When data are transmitted from device A to device B, the header  C) specific  A) dialogs
from A's layer 4 is read by B's _______ layer.
 D) physical  B) protocols
 A) Transport 16. The _______ layer coordinates the functions required to transmit a bit  C) bits
 B) Application
stream over a physical medium.

 C) Physical
 A) data link
D) programs
29. To deliver a message to the correct application program running on a

  B) transport host, the _______ address must be consulted.


D) None of the above
4. __________ provides full transport layer services to applications.  C) network  A) physical

 A) UDP  D) physical  B) port

 B) TCP
17. The ______ layer is responsible for the source-to-destination delivery
of a packet across multiple network links.
 C) IP

 C) ARP  A) network
 D) none of the above
30. Ethernet uses a ______ physical address that is imprinted on the
 D) none of the above  B) physical network interface card (NIC).
5. The process-to-process delivery of the entire message is the
responsibility of the _______ layer.  C) data link  A) 32-bit

 A) Transport  D) transport  B) 6-byte

 B) Application
18. Mail services are available to network users through the _______
layer.
 C) 64-bit

 C) Physical  A) Transport
 D) none of the above
31. The _______ layer is the layer closest to the transmission medium.
 D) Network  B) Physical  A) Network
6. The ______ layer is responsible for moving frames from one hop
(node) to the next.  C) Data link  B) Transport
 A) transport  D) Application  C) Physical
 B) data link
19. The ____ created a model called the Open Systems Interconnection,
which allows diverse systems to communicate.  D) Data link
 C) physical  A) IEEE
32. The OSI model consists of _______ layers.

 D) none of the above  B) ISO


 A) eight
7. The _______ layer is responsible for delivering data units from one
 C) OSI
 B) seven
station to the next without errors.
 A) physical  D) none of the above
 C) five

 B) data link
20. The _______ layer changes bits into electromagnetic signals.  D) three

 C) transport
 A) Physical
33. The ________ address, also known as the link address, is the address
of a node as defined by its LAN or WAN.

 D) network
 B) Transport  A) IP
8. The session, presentation, and application layers are the ____  C) Data link  B) port
support layers.
 D) None of the above 

C) specific
A) user 21. IPv6 has _______ -bit addresses.
 B) network  A) 128
 D) physical
34. Layer 2 lies between the physical layer and the _______ layer.
 C) both (a) and (b)  B) 32  A) Data link
 D) neither (a) nor (b)  C) 64  B) Transport
9. The physical, data link, and network layers are the ______ support
layers.  D) variable  C) Network
22. The_____ address identifies a process on a host.
 A) network
 A) specific
 D) None of the above

35. Why was the OSI model developed?
B) user
 B) port 
 C) both (a) and (b)

A) The rate of data transfer was increasing exponentially


C) IP  B) Standards were needed to allow any two systems to
D) neither (a) nor (b)
10. The ________ layer is responsible for the process-to-process  D) physical communicate
delivery of the entire message. 23. The_________ layer is responsible for the delivery of a message from
one process to another.
 C) Manufacturers disliked the TCP/IP protocol suite.
 A) transport
 A) transport
 D) None of the above
 B) physical
 B) network
36. In the OSI model, as a data packet moves from the lower to the upper
layers, headers are _______.
 C) network
 C) physical  A) removed
 D) data link
 D) none of the above  B) added
11. The _______ layer lies between the network layer and the
application layer. 24. The _________ layer enables the users to access the network.  C) rearranged
 A) Data link  A) application  D) modified
 B) Transport  B) physical 37. In the OSI model, when data is transmitted from device A to device
B, the header from A's layer 5 is read by B's _______ layer.
 C) Physical  C) data link
 A) session
 D) None of the above  D) transport
 B) physical
12. The Internetworking Protocol (IP) is a ________ protocol.


C) transport
A) connection-oriented Read more: http://www.pinoybix.org/2013/01/network-models-set-1-
 B) reliable
mcqs.html#ixzz4mVIerTXa  D) presentation
25. The TCP/IP _______ layer is equivalent to the combined session, 38. The seven-layer _____ model provides guidelines for the
 C) both a and b presentation, and application layers of the OSI model. development of universally compatible networking protocols.

 D) none of the above  A) data link  A) ISO


13. The _______ layer links the network support layers and the user  B) network  B) OSI
support layers.
 C) physical  C) IEEE
 D) application  D) none of the above
1. Network
2. All of the above
3. Transport
4. TCP
39. The Internet model consists of _______ layers. 5. Transport


6. Data link
A) Eight 7. Data link
 B) Seven 8. User
9. Network
 C) Five 10. Transport
 D) Three
11. Transport
12. None of the above
40. In the OSI model, what is the main function of the transport layer? 13. Transport
 A) process-to-process message delivery 14. IGMP and ARP
15. IP
 B) node-to-node delivery 16. Physical
 C) synchronization
17. Network
18. Application
 D) updating and maintenance of routing tables 19. ISO
20. Physical
41. _______ is a process-to-process protocol that adds only port
addresses, checksum error control, and length information to the data 21. 128
from the upper layer. 22. Port
23. Transport
 A) IP 24. Application
 B) TCP
25. Application
26. Logical
 C) UDP 27. Added
28. Bits
 D) none of the above 29. Port
42. The ______ layer establishes, maintains, and synchronizes the 30. 6-byte
interactions between communicating devices. 31. Physical
 A) session
32. Seven
33. Physical
 B) physical 34. Network


35. Standards were needed to allow any two systems to communicate
C) transport 36. Removed
 D) network
37. Session
38. OSI
43. A port address in TCP/IP is ______ bits long.
39. Five
 A) 16 40. Process-to-process message delivery


41. UDP
B) 32 42. Session
 C) 48 43. 16
44. Presentation
 D) none of the above 45. Five-layer; before
44. In the OSI model, encryption and decryption are functions of the 46. Physical
________ layer. 47. OSI
 A) application
48. Presentation

 B) presentation
 C) session
 D) transport
45. TCP/IP is a ______ hierarchical protocol suite developed ____ the
OSI model.
 A) five-layer; before
 B) six-layer; before
 C) seven-layer; before
 D) five-layer; after
46. The ________ address, also known as the link address, is the
address of a node as defined by its LAN or WAN.
 A) logical
 B) port
 C) physical
 D) none of the above
47. The _______ model shows how the network functions of a
computer ought to be organized.
 A) ANSI
 B) CCITT
 C) ISO
 D) OSI
48. The _______ layer ensures interoperability between
communicating devices through transformation of data into a mutually
agreed upon format.
 A) network
 B) presentation
 C) transport
 D) data link