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TCE CONSULTING ENGINEERS LIMITED SECTION: TITLE

TCE.M6-ME-590-422
DESIGN GUIDE FOR JACKETED PIPING SHEET i OF iii

DESIGN GUIDE FOR JACKETED PIPING

REV. NO. R0 R1 R2 R3
ISSUE
INITIALS SIGN. INITIALS SIGN. INITIALS SIGN. INITIALS SIGN.

PPD. BY SVR Sd/- RUN Sd/- CSS Sd/- GC

CHD. BY AMM Sd/- RVR Sd/- RVR Sd/- CSS


R3
APD. BY RVR Sd/- RL/MSK Sd/-/Sd/- RL Sd/- RL

DATE 11.09.1990 31.03.1997 02.05.2000 02.06.2003

TCE FORM NO. 020R2


TCE CONSULTING ENGINEERS LIMITED SECTION: TITLE
TCE.M6-ME-590-422
DESIGN GUIDE FOR JACKETED PIPING SHEET i OF iii

FILE NAMES: M6ME422R3.DOC AND


M6ME422R3.DWG

REV. NO. R0 R1 R2 R3
ISSUE
INITIALS SIGN. INITIALS SIGN. INITIALS SIGN. INITIALS SIGN.

PPD. BY SVR Sd/- RUN Sd/- CSS Sd/- GC

CHD. BY AMM Sd/- RVR Sd/- RVR Sd/- CSS


R3
APD. BY RVR Sd/- RL/MSK Sd/-/Sd/- RL Sd/- RL

DATE 11.09.1990 31.03.1997 02.05.2000 02.06.2003

TCE FORM NO. 020R2


TCE CONSULTING ENGINEERS LIMITED SECTION: CONTENTS
TCE.M6-ME-590-422
DESIGN GUIDE FOR JACKETED PIPING SHEET ii OF iii

CONTENTS

SL. NO. TITLE SH. NO.


1.0 SCOPE 1
2.0 JACKETED PIPING 1
3.0 JACKETED VALVES 2
4.0 LENGTHS OF HEATING SECTIONS 2
5.0 FLOW DIRECTIONS 3
6.0 BRANCHES 3
7.0 VENTS AND DRAINS 4
8.0 GENERAL 4

TABLES
1. JACKET AND CORE DIMENSIONS 5
2. JACKET BLANK DIMENSIONS 5
3. JUMPER LOCATION 6
4. LENGTHS OF HEATING SECTIONS 6

FIGURES

1. SPACERS 7
2. WELDING OF CORE AND JACKET PIPES 7
3. JACKET BLANKS 7
4A, 4B & 4C FLANGE TYPES 8
5. REDUCING FLANGE 8
6. JUMPER 9
7. INSTRUMENT STUB 9
8. BRANCH INSTALLATION SEQUENCE 10 & 11

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TCE.M6-ME-590-422
DESIGN GUIDE FOR JACKETED PIPING SHEET iii OF iii

REVISION STATUS

REV. NO. DATE DESCRIPTION


R0 11.09.1990 --
R1 31.03.1997 Generally revised.

R2 02.05.2000 Generally revised.

R3 02.06.2003 Paras 2.0 and 6.1.9 revised, para 8.3 added and whole
document reformatted.

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DESIGN GUIDE FOR JACKETED PIPING SHEET 1 OF 11

1.0 SCOPE

This design guide gives general recommendations to be followed for jacketed piping in
chemical and industrial plants. Where process collaborator has furnished specific
requirements, such specific requirements shall supersede requirements given in this
guide. The guidelines given in the guide are based on pipe dimensions as per ASME
B36.10.

2.0 JACKETED PIPING

2.1 Jacketed pipe constitutes a core pipe, which conveys the fluid, which needs to be
heated or cooled by a heating or cooling medium flowing in the jacket pipe. Fluids
flowing in the jacket may be steam, hot water, thermic fluid, chilled water and chilled
brine etc.

2.2 Piping is required to be jacketed where a more efficient heat transfer than, what can be
provided by tracing, or tracing with heat transfer cement, is required. Jacketed piping
also provides uniform heat input around the circumference of the core pipe thus
eliminating hot or cold spots that may cause degradation of fluid in the core pipe or
localised freezing. Jacketed piping also provides closer and better temperature control.
Requirements of jacketing are decided by the process or system engineer and are
indicated in P and I Diagrams (P&I Ds).

2.3 Depending on the process requirement, the core and jacket materials can be the same
or different. Also jacketing can be partial or full as dictated by the process
requirements. Full jacketing may require jacketing of pipes, fittings and valves and
specialities. Partial jacketing may require jacketing of only straight pipe with other
items not jacketed or, in some cases, pipes and fittings fully jacketed but valves and
specialities partially jacketed.

2.4 Jackets are broken into heating sections using flanged joints or jacket blanks.
Adjacent jacket sections are connected by "jumper" pipes. Sizes of jumper pipes shall
be as shown in P&I Ds, but generally are of 15 mm (1/2") for steam and 20 mm (3/4")
for hot water or thermic fluids.

2.5 The jacket-core pipe size combinations shall be as stipulated by the process engineer.
If there is no specific requirement, the combinations given in Table 1 can be
considered.

2.6 Core pipe shall be supported and centered within the jacket pipe by spacers located at
120 degrees around the circumference and at intervals given in Table 1. Spacers are
to be welded to core pipe. Spacer material shall be same as that of the core pipe.
Refer Figure 1, for details. Grinding of spacer shall be done if necessary during
fabrication of jacketed piping, to facilitate assembly.
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DESIGN GUIDE FOR JACKETED PIPING SHEET 2 OF 11

2.7 At locations of welds on core pipe, jackets shall be broken to permit examination of
the welds. After successful examination of core pipe welds and completion of leak
tests, the jacket shall be closed. Refer Figure 2. Degree of examination shall depend
on the nature of fluid, pressure and temperature. This is to be decided in consultation
with process engineer and as per the applicable code.

2.8 Fittings for core and jacket pipes shall be of butt welding type. Core elbows shall be
of long radius type (R = 1.5D) and jacket elbows of short radius type (R = 1.0D).
The jacket elbow may be split, if necessary, to facilitate assembly on core elbow. In
some cases there may be interference between the elbows and it may be necessary to
draw to scale and check for interference.

2.9 Blanks for jacketed piping shall be as shown in Figure 3. For dimensions, refer Table
2. Material of blanks shall be the same as that of the core pipe. Blanks are used to
split the piping into various heated sections.

2.10 FLANGES

2.10.1 Unless the process demands otherwise, flange size for jacketed piping shall correspond
to core pipe and the jacket connection at the flange shall be as shown in Figure 4.

2.10.2 When process demands that jacket be extended right up to the back of the flange, the
jacket connection at the flange shall be as shown in Figure 5. Flanges shall be of
reducing type i.e. jacket size X core size.

2.10.3 For sizes < 50 mm, where stainless steel core pipe is involved, stainless steel flanges
may be used. For sizes > 80 mm, use either stainless steel stub ends with carbon steel
lap joint flanges or carbon steel slip on flanges with SS liner. Refer Figures 4 and 5.

2.10.4 Where stub ends are used with reducing type flanges, lap diameter of stub end shall
correspond to the jacket size.

2.11 At all flanged joints, jumpers shall also to be provided with flanged joints to facilitate
disassembly. These shall be dimensioned as per Figure 6 and Table 3. Connections to
jackets shall generally be radial. Tangential connections may be required in the case of
Dowtherm heating to avoid formation of pockets.

3.0 JACKETED VALVES

Unless process demands otherwise, jacketed valves shall be of core size and shall have
partial jackets. If process requires full jackets, then valves shall be of core size and
have flanges corresponding to jacket size. Heating or cooling medium connections shall
be provided on the jacket.
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DESIGN GUIDE FOR JACKETED PIPING SHEET 3 OF 11

4.0 LENGTHS OF HEATING SECTIONS

4.1 Lengths of heating sections shall generally limited to the values given in Table 4. When
lengths beyond the values are involved, additional heating or cooling medium supply
and return points shall be provided.

4.2 In the case of water, the above length is from the point of supply on the supply header
to the point of return to the return header.

4.3 Wherever P&I D indicates requirements different from the above, follow the P&I D in
consultation with the process engineer.

5.0 FLOW DIRECTIONS

Steam or other heating vapour supply shall always be at the top of a heating section
and condensate drained from the lower end of the section. In the case of liquid media,
liquid shall enter at the bottom of a jacketed section and exit at the top for proper
venting.

6.0 BRANCHES

6.1 INSTALLATION PROCEDURE

6.1.1 Install core pipe.

6.1.2 Move jacket section over core pipe.

6.1.3 Make cut in core pipe.

6.1.4 Weld branch to core pipe.

6.1.5 Move jacket branch over core branch pipe.

6.1.6 Check weld of core pipe. Leak test core pipe as per specified procedure.

6.1.7 Bring pipe section into alignment using spacers and weld to jacket. If necessary, use
split jacket.

6.1.8 Weld branch jacket.

6.1.9 Check weld of jacket pipe. Leak test jacket pipe as per specified procedure.

Refer Figure 8.
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DESIGN GUIDE FOR JACKETED PIPING SHEET 4 OF 11

6.2 INSTRUMENT CONNECTIONS

Connections for pressure, temperature or flow measurement, made in core pipe shall
be installed as per Figure 7. The jacket shall be locally swaged and welded to core
pipe.

7.0 VENTS AND DRAINS

7.1 All high points on jacket shall be provided with threaded half coupling and plug for
hydro test-purpose. Jumper connections can also be used for the purpose.

7.2 All low points on steam jacket shall be connected to a steam trap.

7.3 Core vents and drains shall be provided only if required by the process engineer.

8.0 GENERAL

The following points shall be borne in mind while designing jacketed pipes if
specifications are not available from the process collaborator.

8.1 Core pipe may be subject to external pressure due to fluid pressure acting in the
jacket. The core pipe shall have adequate thickness to withstand the external pressure.
Design shall be as per ASME Section VIII, Division 1.

8.2 If core and jacket pipes are of different materials (for example, stainless and carbon
steels respectively) having different coefficients of thermal expansion, the assembly may
give rise to column effect on the core pipe. This is to be checked.

8.3 It is not necessary that the core pipe and the jacket pipe be supported at the same
location. Piping engineer shall consider this aspect while showing it clearly in the piping
drawing, carrying out piping flexibility analysis and giving support data to civil engineer.

8.4 Flexibility analysis of jacketed piping may be carried out using programmes such as
CAEPIPE or CAESAR II. If such a programme is not available, the following steps
are suggested:

(a) First convert the jacket-core combination into an equivalent pipe having the
combined moments of inertia of jacket and core pipes and an outside
diameter same as the jacket pipe. Take the difference in modulii of elasticity
between core and jacket materials into account.

(b) Carry out flexibility analysis by conventional methods based on the


equivalent pipe.
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DESIGN GUIDE FOR JACKETED PIPING SHEET 5 OF 11

TABLE 1

JACKET AND CORE DIMENSIONS (REFER FIGURE 1)

CORE SIZE mm JACKET SIZE mm SPACER


h mm
(in) (in) INTERVALS m
25 (1) 40 (1.5) 2.0 3
40 (1.5) 50 (2) - -
50 (2) 80 (3) 3.0 8
80 (3) 100 (4) 4.0 6
100 (4) 150 (6) 4.5 19
150 (6) 200 (8) 5.0 17
200 (8) 250 (10) 5.5 20

TABLE 2

JACKET BLANK DIMENSIONS (REFER FIGURE 3)

CORE SIZE JACKET SIZE mm BLANK INSIDE BLANK OUTSIDE


mm (in) (in) DIAMETER mm DIAMETER mm
25 (1) 40 (1.5) 36 Jacket OD+20
40 (1.5) 50 (2) 51 Jacket OD+20
50 (2) 80 (3) 63 Jacket OD+20
80 (3) 100 (4) 91 Jacket OD+20
100 (4) 150 (6) 117 Jacket OD+20
150 (6) 200 (8) 171 Jacket OD+20
200 (8) 250 (10) 222 Jacket OD+20

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TCE.M6-ME-590-422
DESIGN GUIDE FOR JACKETED PIPING SHEET 6 OF 11

TABLE 3

JUMPER LOCATION (REFER FIGURE 6)

JACKET
DIMENSION L1 FOR DIMENSION L1 FOR
DIAMETER mm
JACKET FLANGE 150# mm JACKET FLANGE 300# mm
(in)
40 (1.5) 185 220
50 (2) 200 230
80 (3) 215 250
100 (4) 240 270
150 (6) 275 310
200 (8) 295 335
250 (10) 325 365

TABLE 4

LENGTHS OF HEATING SECTIONS

MAXIMUM RECOMMENDED
HEATING OR COOLING MEDIUM LENGTH OF EACH HEATED OR
COOLED SECTION, m
Steam 25
Core size ≤ 100 mm - 15
Thermic fluid (such as Dowtherm) 150 mm - 12
200 mm - 8
Hot or chilled water 30

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