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ME 321: Applied Thermodynamics -1 (Jan-April 2019) Tutorial Sheet -1

1. Calculate the specific volume, enthalpy and entropy for 5 bar saturation pressure and dryness fraction 0.3. Also mention the saturation temperature corresponding to this pressure.

2. Calculate the specific volume, enthalpy and entropy for 200 0 C saturation temperature and dryness fraction 0.4. Also mention the saturation pressure corresponding to this temperature.

3. Calculate heat supplied, cycle efficiency, work ratio, heat ratio and specific steam consumption for Carnot Cycle working between pressures 30 bar and 0.04 bar for a) 100% efficiency of compressor and turbine b). 80% efficiency of compressor and turbine.

4. Calculate heat supplied, cycle efficiency, work ratio, heat ratio and specific steam consumption for Rankine Cycle working between pressures 30 bar and 0.04 bar for a) 100% efficiency of compressor and turbine b). 80% efficiency of compressor and turbine. Assume that the liquid at the entry to pump is saturated.

5. Calculate ideal cycle efficiency, specific steam consumption, work ratio and heat ratio for ideal Rankine cycle with superheat. The operating pressures are 30 bar and 0.04 bar. The superheat temperature is 450 0 C.

6. For above mentioned cycle calculate same four parameters if reheat is added and assume that first expansion is carried out still we receive dry saturated steam at the exit of the high pressure turbine. Reheat temperature is also

450 0 C.

7. Calculate same four parameters for simple regenerative cycle without superheat and reheat but for the same above mentioned pressure levels with turbine entry at dry saturated steam. Regeneration is carried out at average temperature of boiler and condenser.

8. . A steam plant receives steam at 41 bar and 400 0 C. After expansion to 17 bar, it is reheated to 400 0 C, and then expanded to 7 bar bar. It is then reheated to 400 0 C, after which it expands down to back pressure of 0.055 bar. Assuming frictionless adiabatic expansion, find the thermal efficiency of the plant and the turbine work output.

9. A 850 MW steam power plant operates with turbine inlet at 100 bar,

0 C and condenser pressure at 0.05 bar. There are three feed water heaters

placed optimally as follows (i) the hp heater is of closed type with drains cascaded backward, (ii) the ip heater is of open type, and (iii) the lp heater is

of the closed type with drains pumped forward. Each of the turbine sections has the same isentropic efficiency of 90%. The pumps have isentropic efficiencies of 80%. Calculate (a) the mass flow rate of steam at turbine inlet, (b) the mass flow rate of cooling water in the condenser, if it

0 C , (c) the cycle efficiency and (d) the

550

undergoes a temperature rise of cycle heat rate.

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