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ASTM A325 OR A490 BOLTS 6 - 401

Table C1
Bolt Dimensions, Inches Nut Dimensions, Inches
Nominal Bolt Heavy Hex Structural Bolts Heavy Hex Nuts
Size, Inches
D Width across Height Thread Width across Height
flats, F H length flats, W H
1⁄ 7⁄ 5⁄ 1 7⁄ 31⁄
2 8 16 8 64
5⁄ 11⁄16 25⁄ 11⁄4 11⁄16 39⁄
8 64 64
3⁄ 11⁄4 15⁄ 13⁄8 11⁄4 47⁄
4 32 64
7⁄ 17⁄16 35⁄ 11⁄2 17⁄16 55⁄
8 64 64
1 15⁄8 39⁄
64 13⁄4 15⁄8 64⁄
64
11⁄8 113⁄16 11⁄
16 2 113⁄16 17⁄64
11⁄4 2 25⁄
32 2 2 17⁄32
13⁄8 23⁄16 27⁄
32 21⁄4 23⁄16 111⁄32
11⁄2 23⁄8 15⁄
16 21⁄4 23⁄8 115⁄32

Thread
Length

A325

F H Bolt Length H W
Nut may be chamfered
on both faces
Fig. C1. Heavy hex structural bolt and heavy hex nut

structural bolt is specified to be the same size as a heavy hex nut of the same nomi-
nal diameter in order that the ironworker may use a single size wrench or socket
on both the bolt head and the nut. Heavy hex structural bolts have shorter thread
length than bolts for general application. By making the body length of the bolt
the control dimension, it has been possible to exclude the thread from all shear planes,
except in the case of thin outside parts adjacent to the nut. Depending upon the amount
of bolt length added to adjust for incremental stock lengths, the full thread may extend
into the grip by as much as 3⁄8 inch for 1⁄2, 5⁄8, 3⁄4, 7⁄8, 11⁄4, and 11⁄2 in. diameter bolts
and as much as 1⁄2 inch for 1, 11⁄8 and 13⁄8 in. diameter bolts. Inclusion of some thread
run-out in the plane of shear is permissible. Of equal or even greater importance
is exercise of care to provide sufficient thread for nut tightening to keep the nut threads
from jamming into the thread run-out. When the thickness of an outside part is less
than the amount the threads may extend into the grip tabulated above, it may be
necessary to call for the next increment of bolt length together with sufficient flat
washers to ensure full tightening of the nut without jamming nut threads on the thread
run-out.
There is an exception to the short thread length requirements for ASTM A325
bolts discussed in the foregoing. Beginning with ASTM A325-83, supplementary
requirements have been added to the ASTM A325 Specification which permit the

AMERICAN INSTITUTE OF STEEL CONSTRUCTION