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Universidad Tecnológica de Tijuana

Carrera: Tecnologías de la Información

Materia: Fundamentos de IT

Unidad II: Hardware

Tema: Introducción a los Sistemas de Cómputo

Actividad: Evaluar los recursos del Sistema y sus Propósitos.

Estudiante: David Cruz Zepeda

De la O Vanessa Giselle
Grupo: 1°C BIS

Profesor: Humberto Vejar

Fecha: 17 de Febrero de 2019


INDEX
Universidad Tecnológica de Tijuana ............................................................................................................. 0
BIOS ...................................................................................................................................................................... 2
BIOS MANUFACTURERS...................................................................................................................................... 3
References .......................................................................................................................................................... 5

1
BIOS

BIOS
Short for Basic Input/Output System, the BIOS (pronounced bye-oss) is a ROM chip found
on motherboards that allows you to access and set up your computer system at the most
basic level. The picture below is an example of what a BIOS chip may look like on a
computer motherboard. The example picture below is of an early AMIBIOS, a type of BIOS
manufactured by AMI.
The BIOS includes instructions on how to load basic computer hardware. It also
includes a test referred to as a POST (Power-On Self-Test) that helps verify the computer
meets requirements to boot up properly. If the computer does not pass the POST, you will
receive a combination of beeps indicating what is malfunctioning in the computer.
The four main functions of a PC BIOS
POST
Test the computer hardware and make sure no errors exist before loading the
operating system. Additional information on the POST is available on our POST and beep
codes page.
Bootstrap Loader
Locate the operating system. If a capable operating system is located, the BIOS will
pass control to it.
BIOS drivers
Low-level drivers that give the computer basic operational control over your computer's
hardware.
BIOS or CMOS Setup
Configuration program that allows you to configure hardware settings including system
settings such as computer passwords, time, and date.

2
BIOS MANUFACTURERS

American Megatrends Inc.

Founded in 1985 and known worldwide for AMIBIOS®, American Megatrends Inc. (AMI)
supplies state-of-the-art hardware, software, and utilities to today's high-tech
manufacturers. American Megatrends provides a complete line of BIOS and UEFI
firmware and pre-boot applications, together with debug and diagnostic tools, that fully
meet the needs of embedded systems manufacturers, developers and system integrators.
AMI's strength lies in its total spectrum of support services and the integrated development
tools it offers to developers and manufacturers, enabling them to add value to their
designs and speed time to market.

Insyde Software Corp.

Insyde Software is a leading global provider of BIOS, UEFI-based firmware and


engineering services for companies in the mobile, server, desktop, and embedded
computing industries. The company is publicly held (GTSM: 6231) and headquartered in
Taipei, Taiwan with U.S. headquarters in Westborough, MA. The company's customers
include the world's leading computer systems designers and manufacturers.

3
Nanjing Byosoft Co., Ltd*

In early 2006, Nanjing Byosoft Co., Ltd was established in Nanjing Hi-tech Industrial
Development Zone. Byosoft is dedicated to the integration and development of BIOS
technology in computer and embedded systems, and to providing OEM and ODM
manufacturers of computers and embedded devices with new-generation UEFI BIOS
products and services. Byosoft products can be used in computers and industrial control
devices, consumer electronics and other fields.

Phoenix Technologies, Ltd.*

Founded in 1979, Phoenix was the first company dedicated to the development of PC
BIOS firmware. Phoenix enables the PC industry's top system builders to differentiate
their products, reduce time to market, and increase customer value with its rich domain
expertise and IP library in firmware architecture and BIOS technology. The company's
flagship UEFI firmware product, Phoenix SecureCore Technology*, is revolutionizing the
PC user experience by delivering unprecedented performance, security, reliability,
connectivity and ease of use.

4
References
https://www.computerhope.com/jargon/b/bios.htm

https://firmware.intel.com/find-solutions

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