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Fraction

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2eieat9 Fractions
Fractions
Slice a pizza, and we get fractions:
How many parts of a whole
Yo Y. +;
(One-Half) — (One-Quarter) —_(Three-Eighths)
4 8
The top number says how many slices we have.
The bottom number says how many equal slices the whole pizza was cut into.
Have a try yourself:
® pizza Ocircle O square
Click the pizza >
~ i
Total
slices:
(a)
Slices: (8° 2
Ww
“One Eighth"
Equivalent Fractions
Some fractions may look different, but are really the same, for example:
tps: mathsistun.comiractions. html aareata Fractons
4/g Iq ‘Ye
(Four-Eighths) (Two-Quarters) (One-Half)
It is usually best to show an answer using the simplest fraction ( 1/2 in this case ). That is
A
2
called Simplifying, or Reducing the Fraction
Numerator / Denominator
We call the top number the Numerator, it is the number of parts we have,
We call the bottom number the Denominator, it is the number of parts the whole is divi
into.
Numerator
Denominator
You just have to remember those names! (If you forget just think "Down"-ominator)
Adding Fractions
It is easy to add fractions with the same denominator (same bottom number)
Ma + "4 = 2l4 = Yo
(One-Quarter) (One-Quarter) (Two-Quarters) (One-Half)
. & .
& & = a
One-quarter plus one-quarter equals two-quarters, equals one-half
Another example:
Is + Vs - a = Ya
+ = =
tps: mathsistun.comiractions. html 262eieat9 Fractions
Five-eighths plus one-eighth equals six-eighths, equals three-quarters
Adding Fractions with Different Denominators
But what about when the denominators (the bottom numbers) are not the same?
Three-eighths plus one-quarter equals ... what?
We must somehow make the denominators the same
In this case it is easy, because we know that 1/4 is the same as 7/g :
4s + 7Is = ls
Row Cp
Three-eighths plus two-eighths equals five-eighths
There are two popular methods to make the denominators the same:
. i or
* Common Denominator
(They both work nicely, use the one you prefer.)
tps: mathsistun.comiractions. html 36

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