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# 8.5.3.

## 7 Design of heavy stiffeners

The minimum yield strength or 0,2% proof strength at
calculation temperature: Rp0,2T,s 345 [Mpa]

## The nominal elastic limits for stiffener:

Ferritic material
𝜎 =𝑅 , /
Austenitic material
𝑅 , /
𝜎 =
1,25
Fer
σes 345 [Mpa]
The nominal thickness: en 16 [mm]
The corrosion allowance: c 2 [mm]
The absolute value of the possible negative tolerance
on the nominal thickness (EN 10029): quality D
de1 0,8 [mm]

## Limit values of weld joint defects (EN ISO 5817): quality C

Linear offset between plates (EN 5817):
𝐵 → 𝛿 = 𝑚𝑖𝑛 0,2 + 0,1𝑒 ; 3
𝐶 → 𝛿 = 𝑚𝑖𝑛 0,2 + 0,15𝑒 ; 4
𝐷 → 𝛿 = 𝑚𝑖𝑛 0,2 + 0,25𝑒 ; 5
de2 2,6 [mm]
Defects of welds:
𝐵 → 𝛿 = 0,2𝑒 ∗ 0,04
𝐶 → 𝛿 = 0,3𝑒 ∗ 0,08
𝐷 → 𝛿 = 0,4𝑒 ∗ 0,16
de3 0,4 [mm]
The analysis thickness:
𝑒 =𝑒 −𝛿 −𝛿 −𝛿 −𝑐
ea 10,2 [mm]

## The mean radius of a cylindrical: R 304 [mm]

The calculation pressure: P 1 [Mpa]
The test pressure: Ptest 2 [Mpa]
The elastic modulus: E 210000 [MPa]
Poisson's ratio: ν 0,3 []
The cross-sectional area of stiffener: As 2000 2
[mm ]
The second moment of area of the stiffener cross-
section about the axis passing through the centroid
parallel to the cylinder axis: Is 1666,6 [mm4]
The radius of the centroid of the stiffener cross-
section: Rs 354 [mm]
The radius to the part of the stiffener furthest from
the shell: Rf 404 [mm]

## Mean length of the two bays of shell adjacent to a

heavy stiffener: LsH 500 [mm]
The unsupported length of the shell: L 460 [mm]

,
Part widths of stiffener i in contact with the shell: Wi 20 [mm]

,,
Part widths of stiffener i in contact with the shell: Wi 30 [mm]
Parameter:
𝐿
𝑢= 𝑅
𝑒
𝑅
u 9,0 []
Coefficient: Y1 1,58 []
Coefficient: Y2 1,20 []
Coefficient: Y3 0,82 []
Parameter:
𝑒
𝑥=𝑛
𝑅
x(n=2) 0,13 []
0,001095 ≤ 𝑒 /𝑅 ≤ 0,0346 0,0336 yes
𝑌 𝑒 /𝑅
𝐿 /𝑅 =
𝑌 ∗𝑥+ 1+𝑌 ∗𝑥

LeH/R(n=2) 0,27 []
The effective length of shell acting with a heavy
stiffener given:
𝐿
𝐿 = ∗𝑅
𝑅
LeH(n=2) 83,0 [mm]

## Cross-section area of stiffener and effective length of

shell:
𝐴 = 𝐴 +𝑒 ∗𝐿
Ae(n=2) 2847,8 [mm2]
For internal stiffeners:
𝜆 = +1
For external stiffeners:
𝜆 = −1
λ 1 []
For fabricated or hot-formed stiffeners
𝑆 = 1,2
For cold bend stiffeners
𝑆 = 1,33
Sf 1,2 []
Parameter:
𝑒 ∗𝐿 𝑒
2 +𝐴 2 +𝜆 𝑅−𝑅
𝑋 =
𝐴
XeH(n=2) -30,0 []

## The second moment of area of the composite cross-

section of the stiffener and effective of shell acting
with it about an axis parallel to the axis of the cylinder
passing through the centroid of the combined section:
𝑒 ∗𝐿 𝑒
𝐼 = +𝐼 +𝐴 +𝜆 𝑅−𝑅 −𝐴 ∗𝑋
3 2
IeH(n=2) 1,50E+06 [mm4]

## The theoretical elastic instability pressure for a heavy

stiffener:
3
𝑃 = 𝐸∗𝐼
𝑅 ∗𝐿
PH(n=2) 67,2 [MPa]
𝑃
𝑃≤
𝑆 ∗ 1,5

𝑃
𝑃 ≤
𝑆 ∗ 1,1

## (n=2) 50,9 [MPa]

The modified area of a stiffener:
𝑅
𝐴 = 𝐴
𝑅
Am 1474,9 [mm2]
Parameter:
,
3 1−𝜐
𝛿=
𝑅∗𝑒
δ 2,3E-02 []
Parameter:
cosh 𝛿𝐿 − cos 𝛿𝐿
𝑁=
sinh 𝛿𝐿 + sin 𝛿𝐿
N 1,0 []

𝑊 = 𝑊 , + 𝑊 ,,
Wi 50,0 [mm]

## The distance to the extremity of a stiffener:

𝑒
𝑑̅ = 𝑚𝑎𝑥 𝜆 𝑅 − 𝑅 −𝑋 + ;𝑋
2
𝑑̅ (𝑛 = 2) -30,0 [mm]
The pressure causing circumferential yield in a
stiffener:
𝜎 ∗𝑒 ∗𝑅 𝐴
𝑃 = 𝜐 1+
𝑅 1−2 2𝑁 ∗ 𝑒
𝑤 ∗𝑒 +
𝛿
Pys 37,3 [MPa]
The maximum stress in a heavy stiffener, for the
calculation pressure:
𝑃∗𝜎 𝐸 ∗ 𝑑̅0,015𝑃 ∗ 1,5 ∗ 𝑆
𝜎 = 1,5 ∗ 𝑆 +
𝑃 𝑅 𝑃 − 𝑃 ∗ 1,5 ∗ 𝑆
0≤𝜎 ≤𝜎
σH(n=2) 8,1 [MPa]
The maximum stress in a heavy stiffener, for the test
pressure:
𝑃 ∗𝜎 𝐸 ∗ 𝑑̅0,015𝑃 ∗ 1,1 ∗ 𝑆
𝜎 = 1,1 ∗ 𝑆 +
𝑃 𝑅 𝑃 −𝑃 ∗ 1,1 ∗ 𝑆
0≤𝜎 ≤𝜎
σH(n=2) 11,7 [MPa]