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Failure Mode on Footings: Shear Two shear conditions must be considered in column footings, regardless of their shapes. The first of these is one-way or beam shear, which is the same as that considered in wall footings. (— >) Failure Mode on Footings: Shear Two shear conditions must be considered in column footings, regardless of their shapes. The first of these is one-way or beam shear, which is the same as that considered in wall footings. 45° CRACK Ti belek # Failure Surface £ Failure Mode on Footings: Shear The second shear condition is two-way or punching shear. The compression load from the column tends to spread out into the footing, opposing diagonal tension in that area, with the result that a square column tends to punch out a piece of the slab, which has the shape of a truncated pyramid. The ACI Code (11.11.1.2) states that the critical section for two-way shear is located at a distance d/2 from the face of the column