Вы находитесь на странице: 1из 3

STRUCTURAL CALCULATION OF BOX CULVERT

1 Dimensions and Parameters

Type: B2.00m x H0.50m

Soil Cover Depth:

1.0 m

Class I Road

Gwd D t2 H Hf HT Hf t3 t1 t1 B B
Gwd
D
t2
H
Hf
HT
Hf
t3
t1
t1
B
B

Basic Parameters

Ka:

Coefficient of static earth pressure 0.592

γw:

Unit weight of water (t/m3)

1.00

t/m3

γd:

Unit weight of soil (dry) (t/m3)

1.08

t/m3

γs:

Unit weight of soil (saturated) (t/m3)

2.08

t/m3

γc:

Unit weight of reinforced concrete (t/m3)

2.40

t/m3

σck:

Concrete Design Strength

225 kgf/m2

 

σca

Allowable Stress of Concrete

75

kgf/m2

σsa:

Allowable Stress of Reinforcement Bar

1850

kgf/m2

τa:

Allowable Stress of Shearing (Concrete)

6.5

kgf/m2

σsy:

Yielding Point of Reinforcement Bar

3200

kgf/m2

n:

Young's Modulus Ratio

24

Fa:

Safety factor against uplift

1.2

Basic Dimensions

 

H:

Internal Height of Box Culvert

0.50 m

 

B:

Internal Width of Box Culvert

2.00 m

Hf:

Fillet Height

0.15 m

t1:

Thickness of Side Wall

0.25

m

(> 0.25m)

t2:

Thickness of Top Slab

0.25

m

(> 0.25m)

t3:

Thickness of Invert (Bottom Slab)

0.25

m

(> 0.25m)

BT:

Gross Width of Box Culvert

2.50 m

HT:

Gross Height of Box Culvert

1.00 m

D:

Covering Depth

1.00 m

Gwd:

Underground Water Depth

for Case 1, 2

1.00

m

(= D)

hiw:

Internal Water Depth

for Case 1, 2

0.00 m

 

for Case 3, 4

0.50 m

Cover of R-bar Top Slab d2

0.05

m

Side Wall d1

0.05

m

Bottom Slab d3

0.05

m

Dimension of frame

Basic Conditions Classification of Live load by truck

PTM:

Ii:

am:

bm:

PTR:

ar:

br:

PTF:

af:

bf:

qp:

Class

Truck load of Middle Tire Impact coefficient (D 4.0m:0, D<4.0m:0.3)

Ground contact length of Middle Tire Ground contact width of Middle Tire Truck load of Rear Tire Ground contact length of Rear Tire Ground contact width of Rear Tire Truck load of Front wheel Ground contact length of Front Tire Ground contact width of Front Tire Pedestrian load

1

10.00 t

0.3

0.20 m

0.50 m

10.00 t

0.20 m

0.50 m

2.50 t

0.20 m

0.50 m

0.00 t/m2

t1 B t1 D1 t2 H H0 t3 B0
t1
B
t1
D1
t2
H
H0
t3
B0

Load distribution of truck tire

H0:

Height of frame

t2/2 + H + t3/2

B0:

Width of frame

B + t1

D1:

Covering depth at middle of top slab

D + t2/2

 

(1) Middle tire's acting point: center of the top slab

a) distributed load of middle tire

 

Pvtm:

distributed load of middle tire

2PTM(1+Ii)(2B0-bm')/(am'B0^2) =

2.7794

tf/m2,

am':

length of distributed load

2D+1.75+bm =

4.250 m

bm':

width of distributed load

2D+am =

2.200 m

b) distributed load of rear tire

 
 

Pvtr:

distributed load of rear tire

not reach to top slab

0.0000

tf/m2,

ar':

length of distributed load

2D+1.75+br =

4.250 m

br':

width of distributed load

2D+ar =

2.200 m

c) distributed load of front tire

 
 

Pvtf:

distributed load of front tire

not reach to top slab

0.0000

tf/m2,

af':

length of distributed load

2D+1.75+bf =

4.250 m

bf':

width of distributed load

2D+af =

2.200 m

(2) Middle tire's acting point: on the side wall

 

a)

distributed load of middle tire

 

Pvtm:

distributed load of middle tire

2PTM(1+Ii)/(am'bm') =

2.7807

tf/m2,

am':

length of distributed load

2D+1.75+bm =

4.250 m

bm':

width of distributed load

2D+am =

2.200 m

0.750 m

2.250 m

1.125 m

B =

2.250 m

B =

0.000 m

B =

0.000 m

B =

2.250

m

 

 

b)

distributed load of rear tire

 
 

Pvtr:

distributed load of rear tire

 

not reach to top slab 2D+1.75+br = 2D+ar =

 

0.0000

tf/m2,

B =

0.000 m

 

ar':

length of distributed load width of distributed load

4.250 m

 

br':

2.200 m

 

c)

distributed load of front tire

 
 

Pvtf:

distributed load of front tire length of distributed load width of distributed load

 

not reach to top slab 2D+1.75+bf = 2D+af =

 

0.0000

tf/m2,

B =

0.000 m

 

af':

4.250 m

 

bf':

2.200 m

(3) Rear tire's acting point: on the side wall

 
 

a)

distributed load of rear tire

 
 

Pvtr:

distributed load of rear tire length of distributed load width of distributed load

 

2PTR(1+Ii)/(ar'br') =

 

2.7807

tf/m2,

B =

2.250 m

 

ar':

2D+1.75+br =

4.250 m

 

br':

2D+ar =

2.200 m

 

b)

distributed load of middle tire

 
 

Pvtm:

distributed load of middle tire

 

not reach to top slab 2D+1.75+bm = 2D+am =

 

0.0000

tf/m2,

B =

0.000 m

 

am':

length of distributed load width of distributed load

4.250 m

 

bm':

2.200 m

 

c)

distributed load of front tire

 
 

Pvtf:

distributed load of front tire length of distributed load width of distributed load

 

not reach to top slab 2D+1.75+bf = 2D+af =

 

0.0000 tf/m2,

B =

0.000

m

af':

4.250 m

 

bf':

2.200 m

(4) Combination of load distribution of track tire

 
 

Case.L1:

Pvt1 =

2.7794

tf/m2,

B =

2.250 m

 

Combination for Case.L2

(2)

(2)

(3)

(3)

 

Pvt2 =

0.0000

tf/m2,

B =

0.000

m

a) + b)

a) + c)

a) + b)

a) + c)

 

Case.L2:

Pvt1 =

2.7807 tf/m2,

B =

2.250 m

 

Distributed load total

2.7807

2.7807

2.7807

2.7807

 

Pvt2 =

0.0000

tf/m2,

B =

0.000

m

Select the combination case of

 

2.7807

tf/m2,

 

for Case.L2, which is the largest load to the top slab.

 

In case of covering depth (D) is over 3.0m, uniform load of 1.0 tf/m2 is applied on the top slab of culvert instead of live load calculated above.

Distribution load by pedestrian load

 
 

Pvt1 =

0.000 tf/m2

2 Stability Analysis Against Uplift

Analysis is made considering empty inside of box culvert.

 

Fs=Vd/U > Fa where, Vd:

 

Fs=

2.5632

> 1.2

ok

Total dead weight (t/m) Total uplift (t.m) U=BT*HT*γw

Vd=

6.408 tf/m

 

U:

 
 

U=

2.500 tf/m

 
 

Ws:

Weight of covering soil Self weight of box culvert Safety factor against uplift

Ws =

BT*{(D-Gwd)*(γs−γw)+Gwd*γd}

=

2.700 tf/m

 

Wc:

Wc =

(HT*BT-H*B+2*Hf^2)*γc

=

3.708

tf/m

Fa:

Fa=

1.2

3 Load calculation

 

Case 1: Box Culvert Inside is Empty, Underground Water up to Top slab, Track load Case. L1

 
 

1) vertical load against top slab

 
 

Acting Load

 

(tf/m2)

Wtop= (t2*BT+Hf^2)*γc/B0

Wtop=

0.6907

Pvd=Gwd*gd+(D-Gwd)*gs

 

Pvd=

1.0800

Pvt1

Pvt1=

2.7794

Pvt2

Pvt2=

0.0000

 

Pv1=

4.5500

 

2) horizontal load at top of side wall

 
 

Acting Load

 

(tf/m2)

Horizontal pressure by track tire

 

P1=Ka*we1

 

P1=

0.0000

we1=

0.0000 tf/m2

P2=Ka*we2

P2=

0.0000

we2=

0.0000 tf/m2

P3=Ka*gd*Gwd

P3=

0.6394

P4=Ka*gs*(D1-Gwd)

 

P4=

0.1539

P5=gw*(D1-Gwd)

 

P5=

0.1250

 

Ph1=

0.9183

 

3) horizontal load at bottom of side wall

 
 

Acting Load

 

(tf/m2)

P1=Ka*we1

 

P1=

0.0000

P2=Ka*we2

P2=

0.0000

P3=Ka*γd*Gwd

P3=

0.6394

P4=Ka*γs*(D1+H0-Gwd)

 

P4=

1.0774

P5=γw*(D1+H0-Gwd)

P5=

0.8750

 

Ph2=

2.5918

 

4) self weight of side wall

 
 

Acting Load

 

(tf/m)

Wsw=t1*H*γc

 

Wsw=

0.3000

5) ground reaction

Acting Load

(tf/m2)

Wbot=(t3*BT+Hf^2)*γc/B0

 

Wbot=

0.6907

Wtop

Wtop=

0.6907

Ws=Wsw*2/B0

Ws=

0.2667

Pvd

Pvd=

1.0800

Pvt1

Pvt1=

2.7794

Pvt2

Pvt2=

0.0000

Wiw=(hiw*B-2Hf^2)*γw/B0

 

Wiw=

0.0000

hiw: internal water depth

0.00 m

Up=-U/B0

U=

-1.1111

 

Q=

4.3963

 

summary of resistance moment

 

Item

V

H

x

y

M

 

(tf/m)

(tf/m)

(m)

(m)

(tf.m/m)

acting point of resultant force

 
 

Self weight

top slab side wall (left) side wall (right) invert Pvd

1.5540

-

1.1250

-

1.7483

X = ΣM/ΣV = e = B0/2 - X =

1.125

m

 

0.3000

-

0.0000

-

0.0000

0.000

m

0.3000

-

2.2500

-

0.6750

1.5540

-

1.1250

-

1.7483

ground reaction q1 = ΣV/Bo + 6ΣVe/Bo^2 = q2 = ΣV/Bo - 6ΣVe/Bo^2 =

 
 

load on top slab

2.4300

-

1.1250

-

2.7338

4.3963 tf/m2

 

Pvt1

6.2536

-

1.1250

-

7.0353

4.3963 tf/m2

Pvt2

0.0000

-

1.1250

-

0.0000

 

soil pressure

side wall (left) side wall (right)

-

1.3163

-

0.3154

0.4152

 

-

-1.3163

-

0.3154

-0.4152

 

internal water

0.0000

-

1.1250

-

0.0000

uplift

-2.5000

-

1.1250

-

-2.8125

total

9.8916

11.1280

6) load against invert

Acting Load

(tf/m2)

Pvd

1.0800

Pvt1

2.7794

Pvt2

0.0000

Wtop

0.6907

Ws

0.2667

Pq=

4.8167

Case 2: Box Culvert Inside is Empty, Underground Water up to Top slab, Track load Case. L2

 
 

1) vertical load against top slab

 

Acting Load

(tf/m2)

Wtop= (t2*BT+Hf^2)*γc/B0

 

Wtop=

0.6907

Pvd=Gwd*gd+(D-Gwd)*gs

Pvd=

1.0800

Pvt1

Pvt1=

2.7807

Pvt2

Pvt2=

0.0000

 

Pv1=

4.5514

 

2) horizontal load at top of side wall

 

Acting Load

(tf/m2)

Horizontal pressure by track tire

 

P1=Ka*we1

P1=

1.6462

we1=

2.7807 tf/m2

 

P2=Ka*we2

P2=

0.0000

we2=

0.0000 tf/m2

P3=Ka*gd*Gwd

P3=

0.6394

P4=Ka*gs*(D1-Gwd)

 

P4=

0.1539

P5=gw*(D1-Gwd)

P5=

0.1250

 

Ph1=

2.5645

 

3) horizontal load at bottom of side wall

 

Acting Load

(tf/m2)

P1=Ka*we1

P1=

1.6462

P2=Ka*we2

P2=

0.0000

P3=Ka*γd*Gwd

P3=

0.6394

P4=Ka*γs*(D1+H0-Gwd)

 

P4=

1.0774

P5=γw*(D1+H0-Gwd)

P5=

0.8750

4) self weight of side wall

 

Ph2=

4.2380

Acting Load

(tf/m)

Wsw=t1*H*γc

Wsw=

0.3000

5) ground reaction

Acting Load

(tf/m2)

Wbot=(t3*BT+Hf^2)*γc/B0

 

Wbot=

0.6907

Wtop

Wtop=

0.6907

Ws=Wsw*2/B0

Ws=

0.2667

Pvd

Pvd=

1.0800

Pvt1

Pvt1=

2.7807

Pvt2

Pvt2=

0.0000

Wiw=(hiw*B-2Hf^2)*γw/B0

 

Wiw=

0.0000

hiw: internal water depth

0.00 m

Up=-U/B0

U=

-1.1111

Q=

4.3976