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In your syllabus, you will not only be applying the Labor Code provisions, you will also be

applying basic and fundamental principles in policies especially under the Constitution, under
the Civil Code and of course the Labor Code. So we go through them one-by-one just to refresh
your memory.
Just to peak your interest, when faced with a problem and you do not have any direct answer to
that problem, you may always use the Constitution, the Civil Code, and the Labor Code as a
basis for your answer. But you cannot do that if we do not refresh your memory.
Constitutional provisions
What are the relevant constitutional provisions to the study of labor or labor law? You have
Article 2 Section 9 which states “The State shall promote a just and dynamic social order that
will ensure the prosperity and independence of the nation and free the people from poverty
through policies that provide adequate social services, promote full employment, a rising
standard of living, and an improved quality of life for all.” Article 2 Section 10 “The State shall
promote social justice in all phases of national development,” Kahit lang eto ma-memorize niyo
ok na because it is very short. Then you have Article 2 Section 11 “The State values the dignity
of every human person and guarantees full respect for human rights” Article 2 Section 18 “The
State affirms labor as a primary social economic force. It